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CONDITIONALS

CONDITION RESULT
ZERO IF/WHEN + PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE
CONDITIONAL If you stand under the rain, You wet rain
(Facts absolute When you drink so much alcohol, You usually have a headeche
centainly)
IF/UNLESS+ PRESENT SIMPLE FUTURE SIMPLE
( WILL/WON’T + INFINITIF)
If I study hard, I will pass the exam
FIRST Unless I study hard, I won’t pass the exam
CONDITIONAL
(Possible) MODALS ( Can, may, might +infinitif)
If the weather is bad, the game may be cancel off.
IMPERATIVE
If you want to play football, come with us.
IF/UNLESS+ PAST SIMPLE CONDITIONAL SIMPLE
SECOND (would+ infinitif)
CONDITINAL If I studied hard, I would pass the exam
(Improbabe) Unless I studied hard, I wouln’t pass the exam

MODALS (could+infinitif)
If he trained harder, he could/might become a professional
player.

IF/UNLESS+ PAST PERFECT CONDITIONAL PERFECT


THIRD (WOULD HAVE+ PAST PARTICIPLE)
CONTIONAL If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam
(impossible) Unless I had studied hard, I wouldn’t have passed the exam
MODALS+INFINITIF
(could/might+ infinitif)
If he had gone to the stadium, he could/might have seen Beckam

I WISH=IF ONLY Example Meaning


COULD I wish I could go to the beach tomorrow
I WISH / IF ONLY + (same subject) Future
(real) I wish he/she would/could go to the meaning
WOULD/COULD beach tomorrow
(different subject)
I WISH / IF ONLY + PAST SIMPLE I wish I went to the beach today Present
(unreal, improbable) meaning

I WISH / IF ONLY + PAST PERFECT I wish I had gone to the beach yesterday Past
(impossible) meaning
LINK WORDS (NEXOS) USES (USOS) EXAMPLES (EJEMPLOS)
- Sólo se emplea en - I won’t wear my raincoat unless it
UNLESS condicionales de 1er tipo. rains. (No me pondré el chubasquero
Equivale a if…..not : si….no si no llueve.)
- Enfatizan la condición. Con - I will help you, providing that you
PROVIDED /
tal de que…, a condición de try to work. (Te ayudaré con tal de
PROVIDING THAT
que…… que intentes trabajar.)
AS LONG AS / - Enfatizan la condición. - You can play in the living-room as
ON CONDITION THAT Siempre que…, mientras…, a long as you are quiet. (Podéis jugar en
condición de que… el salón siempre que estéis callados.)
WHETHER - Enfatiza que hay una elección - You’ll have to pay whether you want
entre dos cosas. to or not. (Tendrás que pagar tanto si quieres
como si no.)