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Workshop Indian Railways

Station redevelopment
July 2 and 3, Delhi, Mumbai

Multi agency collaboration


A
Amsterdam
t d Z id
Zuidas NL

Working with private


Utrecht Central Station NL

Ton Venhoeven
Economic challenges
Connectivity
y issues
Environmental problems

Amsterdam Zuidas
Ut
Utrecht
ht Central
C t l Station
St ti

Dutch regions in north west European context


Integrated planning, NATIONAL LEVEL
Each government level has
scale related
responsibilities for
integrated development

Main challenges
g
NATIONAL STRATEGIC PLAN:
focus on large scale,
integration of economic,
spatial and mobility issues

Stimulate multimodal
Main urban regions with integrated issues accessibility
decentralisation of smaller spatial planning issues
National programs high speed and high frequency rail

Programs include TOD targets and quality standards


ssenger, p
driver, pas edestrian
public transport, bicycle, pe
Car driver Car p
passenger
g bicycle
y Pedestrian

d
Most Dutch cities have a large share of Non Motorized Traffic in
modal split for commuter traffic
Transit Oriented Development NL:

- Pedestrian and bicycle first / optimisation


- Modal Merge at transportation nodes
- Parking prices and taxation policy
- Integration of Land Use Planning and
Mobility Planning
- Intelligent Transport Systems
- Integration of mobility services
Amsterdam Zuidas

SCHIPHOL
AIRPORT

CASE STUDIES
Utrecht Central Station
AMSTERDAM ZUIDAS

High speed train station and TOD


Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas
Integrated planning, LOCAL LEVEL

Ambitions:
Improved spatial-
economic structure

Attractiveness for
companies and people

Smart and sustainable

Creative and innovative

High quality of life

Cultural and natural


assets

Optimal multimodal
accessibility

STRATEGIC PLAN AMSTERDAM 2040


Zuidas

Amsterdam’s modal shift policy promotes:


• pedestrian/bicycle & transit mobility first,
• densification
f around multimodal ring
• high quality open landscape & agriculture
Chances to connect multiple qualities

+Airport +landscape +city

ZUIDAS CASE AMSTERDAM

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Phasing, environment, market and financing challenge

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Networks public transport, basis for development

Z id
Zuidas
Transfers at Zuidas

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Bicycle network, basis for development

Fietsroutes
Fietsroutes 

Pedestrian and bicycle passages under railway tracks

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Pedestrian network, basis for development

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Robust, but temporary Public transportation terminal

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Ambitions for public space

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


Central pedestrian axis, enhances proximity station

Multimodal Node Development TOD Amsterdam Zuidas


ctical,, within

Complicated
C li t d projects
j t like
lik Amsterdam
A t d Z id and
Zuidas d Utrecht
Ut ht Central
C t l
pers?

Station require combined investments of public and private parties in


multiple business cases
evelop

Budgets national level infrastructure:


e for de
ns prac

Central Government,, Rijkswaterstaat,


j , Prorail,, from g
government
investment budgets
ke plan
et, attrractive

Budgets regional level for public transport:


Metropolitan area, from government subsidies
How tto mak

Budgets local level for public space, bicycle and pedestrian networks:
Municipality, from property development, subsidies etc.
budge
Plans provide permeable framework of public infrastructure, with 24/7
attractive urban spaces, supported by attractive plinths
ctical,, within
pers?
Public and privately owned buildings, lease contracts for plots, mostly
flexible, mixed use zoned
evelop

Optimizations in the framework are frequently necessary, they are


researched and applied during each of the different planning stages
e for de
ns prac

Budgets can be raised as a result of scope change, inflation correction,


market circumstances, negotiations, but require a political decision
ke plan
et, attrractive

Market consultations are held in the early planning stages and during
development
How tto mak

Occasionally PPP projects, development contracts or other, depending


on business case and negotiations
budge

Tendering process often with competitive dialogues and quality


bonusses
UTRECHT CENTRAL STATION

Multimodal Node Development Utrecht Central Station


Making plans in a dynamic market

Synergy – Quality – Progress – Money - Maintenance


Private companies have a major share in development.
Private business strategy is leading.

Conclusion:
Planning should set boundaries,
but foremost make room for private initiatives.

More than 50 land owners


Give Meaning

Culture
Culture
Housing

Offices

Culture
1 million m² -> 126 soccer fields

2.229 apartments (331)

8.500 car parking spaces (6.000)


Leisure
33.000 bicycle stands (16.000)

100 million passengers/yr -> CS (60 million)

By position improvement, adding and spreading of functions


Old town
Slow traffic
connections

Change traffic artery


into canal reconstruction

A central axis for pedestrians through the station


The primary partners

NS Stations
S i

Total investments estimated: ± € 3 billion


And more is coming

20?? 20??

20?? 2015
20??
20?? 2016 20?? 20??
20?? 2014 20??
2019 2016 20??
20?? 2019 20?? 20??
2019 2019
2017 20?? 20??
2016 20??
2014 2019
2012 2015 20??

2015
Tendering Zuidgebouw
Tendering Zuidgebouw

18.000 m2 mixed use on top of a tram terminal


Apartments

Spaces

Fifteen

F d
Foodcourt
t

Taxi stand

Bicycle shed

Tram terminal

Train
18.000 m2 mixed use on top of a tram terminal
c spaces,
on making?

Projectbureau with delegated responsibilities in all relevant aspects,


decision power within politically defined flexible project framework
sities, public

Research by design and visualisation of planning options support


decisio

stepwise decision making process by integrating multiple sectorial


interests and business cases
anize d
n dens

Process of political decision making includes thorough


communication with public and political debate with city counsel
How to plan
how tto orga

TOD density based on optimal space usage within flying path limits,
political consensus and commercial feasibility
w TOD principles.
Evaluation of plans by National Key Project Quality Team:
During planning stages
During (pre) tendering procedures
During building permit assessment
ng
esigns follow
ensurin

Government representation:
Government architect
ms of e

Government Rail architect


Government Infrastructure advisor
ning/de
hanism

City representation:
Main urban planner
plann
Mech
Lessons learned:
Planning TOD
1. Start with multiple government levels as main clients
2. Use scientific data
3. Develop plans and insights in stages
4. Don’t rely 100% on guidelines, be pragmatic and flexible
5. Create flexible frameworks of ppublic infrastructure

Financing TOD
1. TOD requires
q a multiple
p business case approach
pp
2. Combine public investment as leverage for market forces
3. Calculate long term revenues for govt investment
4. Don’t p
payy transit infrastructure with TO reDevelopment
p
5. Use quality bonusses in tendering procedures

Designing
g g TOD
1. Make attractive spaces for pedestrians and cyclists
2. Use quality teams to assess design quality
Workshop Indian Railways

Station redevelopment
July 2 and 3, Delhi, Mumbai

Multi agency collaboration


A
Amsterdam
t d Z id
Zuidas NL

Working with private


Utrecht Central Station NL

Ton Venhoeven