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ARECANUT TREE CLIMBER AND PESTICIDE SPRAYER

PROJECT REFERENCE NO.: 40S_BE_1153

COLLEGE : ST. JOSEPH ENGINEERING COLLEGE, MANGALURU


BRNACH : DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS
ENGINEERING
GUIDE : PROF. DIVYA K PAI
STUDENTS : MR. M.J. NANASAGAR KAMATH
MR. JNANESH BEKAL
MR. NIXON D’SOUZA
MR. MANJUNATH K

Keywords: Arecanut, pesticide, robot

Introduction:
This project was suggested to us by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Brahmavar based on their research.
The objective of this project is to design and develop a robot which can climb the Arecanut tree and
spray pesticide, thereby reducing time and labour required for the same job.
In recent years, labour scarcity has emerged as one of the foremost challenges in farming. One
of the crop that has been most affected by this is the arecanut.It is mandatory to climb the tree a
minimum of five times a year for a successful harvest i.e., twice for the preventive spray against
fungal disease, and thrice to harvest the arecanut. Only skilled labourers can carry out this task.
The robot consists of an ‘X’ frame. At the bottom of the robot two rollers are placed which are
conical in shape and are connected to two DC motors. These motors are operated by a remote control
to move up and down the tree. The model is placed around the tree and springs are used to attach it
firmly to the tree. Two nozzles are placed on either side at the top of the machine with motor
arrangement so that it can rotate at a 360-degree angle. Electric pumps are used to lift the pesticide
towards the nozzle and spray it to the arecanut. Arduino Uno is used for programming the motors to
rotate in clockwise and anticlockwise direction.
Objectives:
1. To climb the tree at faster rate.
2. To have minimum set-up time.
3. The robot should be user friendly.
4. Should climb without any slipping.
5. Should not harm the tree.
6. Should not waste the pesticide solution.
7. Should be economical to the farmers and machine should be durable.
8. The robot should run on a battery.
9. It should be compatible with traditional pumps.
10. The sprayer should be able to drench the arecanut bunch with pesticide.
11. Should be able to remotely control the machine to ascend and descend the tree.

Methodology:
Block Diagram:

Figure Error! No text of specified style in document.-1 Block Diagram of Transmitter

Battery:
The battery used is 9 V to supply power to the control circuit.
Controller:
The controller is Arduino Uno ATmega328PU processor.
User Interface:
It consists of mechanical switches and push buttons to control the machine.
Transmitter:
A 433 MHz transmitter sends the signal through the antenna to the receiver consisting of information
to control the actions of the motor.

Figure Error! No text of specified style in document.-2 Block Diagram of Receiver


Battery:
The battery used is 12V 40 Ah which supplies power to the control circuit and to the motors.
Receiver:
It receives the signals from the transmitter circuit.

Control Unit:
It consists of Arduino Uno ATmega328PU which is used to control the motors for climbing the
trees and to move the stepper motor attached to the nozzle for spraying.

Motor Driving Unit:


It consists of transistor circuits to drive the DC motors.

Movable Arm:
The Movable arm is attached with the nozzle to spray pesticide to the Arecanut.
Motor:
The motor used is 12V High Torque Low speed DC motor with gears which is attached to the
climbing wheels and used to climb the tree.

Sprayer:
The sprayer sprays the pesticide in fine droplets with high speed at the Arecanut branch.

Results:
The robot has been tested for its climbability and it is portable. This robot reduces the time and
also dependence on labour. The user interface is easy.

Future Improvements:
1. Adding a nut cutter.
2. Lowering the weight.
3. Computer vision can be added to identify the healthy arecanut.
4. The process of spraying pesticide can also be made fully automatic using imaging Processing
sensor.
5. Wheels with better frictional co-efficient can be designed

Diagrams: