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You are on page 1of 8

1. If H is the total head at inlet and h is the a) 3,1,4,2 b) 1,3,2,4

head lost due to friction, efficieny of c) 1,3,4,2 d) 3,1,2,4

power transimmion through a straight pipe

is given by (IES-95) 6. During the measurement of viscosity of

𝐻−ℎ 𝐻 air flowing through a pipe, we use the

(𝑎) (𝑏) 𝜋𝑑4 𝑑𝑝

𝐻 𝐻+ℎ relation =128𝑄 (− 𝑑𝑥 ) under the condition

𝐻−ℎ 𝐻

(𝑐) (𝑑) that in the measuring section (IES-96)

𝐻+ℎ 𝐻−ℎ

(a) There is a viscous zone near the wall

2. Water hammer in pipelines takes place and an in viscid core persists at the centre

when (IES-95) (b) The entire cross- section is viscous

(a) Fluid is flowing with high velocity (c) The flow can be assumed as potential

(b) Fluid is flowing with high pressure flow

(c) Flowing fluid is suddenly brought to (d) The flows is irrotational

rest by closing a value

(d) Flowing fluid is brought to rest by 7. If the energy grade line and hydraulic

gradually closing a value grade line are drawn for flow through an

inclined pipeline the following four

3. Assertion (A): there will be a quantities can be directly observed:

redistribution of pressure and velocity 1. Static head (IES-96)

from inside of the bend to the outside 2. Friction head

while a fluid flows through a pipe bend. 3. Datum head

Reason (R): The spacing between stream 4. Velocity head

lines will increase towards the outside wall Starting from the arbitrary datum line, the

and decrease towards the inside wall to above types of heads will be in the

inside of the bend. (IES-95) sequence

(a) Both A and R are individually true and a) 3,2,1,4 b) 3,4,2,1

R is the correct explanation of A. c) 3,4,1,2 d) 3,1,4,2

(b) Both A and R are individually true but

R is not the correct explanation of A. 8. Hydrodynamic entrance length for

(c) A is true but R is false (a) Laminar flow is greater than that for

(d) A is false but R is true turbulent flow (IES-96)

(b) Turbulent flow is greater than that for

4. All experiments thus far indicate that laminar flow

there can be a laminar flow in a pipe if the (c) Laminar flow is equal to that for

Reynolds number is below (IES-96) turbulent flow

(a) 2300 (b) 400 (d) a given flow can be determine only if

(c) 2000 (d) 40000 the prandtl number if known

5. Water flow through a pipeline having 9. Which one of the following statements

four different diameters at 4 stations is is true for fully developed flow through

shown in the figure below. (IES-96) pipes? (IES-97)

(a) The flow is parallel, has no inertial

effects, the pressure gradient is of constant

value and the pressure force is balanced by

the viscous force

(b) The flow is parallel, the pressure

The correct sequence of station numbers in gradient is proportional to the inertia force

the decreasing order of pressure is and there is no viscous effect

43

Flow Through Pipes

(c)The flow is parallel, the pressure

gradient is negligible and the inertia force

is balanced by the viscous force

(d) The flow is not parallel, the core region

accelerates and the viscous drag is far too

less than the inertial force

(a) 3 (b) 8

10. Assertion (A): In the case of flow (c) 15 (d) 24

around pipe bends, there will be

redistribution of pressure and velocity 13. The equivalent length of the stepped

from inside bend to the outside bend. pipeline shown in the figure below, can be

Reason (R): Flow will be such that the expressed in terms of the diameter D as

stream line spacing will decrease towards (IES-98)

the inner bend resulting in decrease of

pressure head and increase of velocity

head at the inner wall. (IES-97)

(a) Both A and R are individually true and

R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but (a)5.25 L (b) 9.5 L

R is not the correct explanation of A. 1 1

(c) 33 32 𝐿 (d) 33 8 𝐿

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

14. The pipe cross- sections and fluid flow

11. A pipe flow system with flow direction rates are shown in the figure below.

is shown in figure below: (IES-98) (IES-99)

and the corresponding areas: The velocity in the pipe labeled as (A) is

Pipe No Area (cm)2 Velocity (a) 1.5 m/s (b) 3 m/s

(cm/s) (c) 15 m/s (d) 30 m/s

1. 50 10

2. 50 V2 15. The elbow nozzle assembly shoen in

3. 80 5 the Figure below is in a horizontal plane.

4. 70 5 The velocity of jet issuing from the nozzle

The value of V is is (IES-99)

(a) 2.5 cm/s (b)5.0 cm/s

(c)7.5 cm/s (d)10.0 cm/s

tapered vertical portion of a pipe. At the

entrance and exit of the pipe, the static

pressures are equal. If for a vertical height

‘h’ the velocity becomes four times, then

the ratio of ‘h’ to the velocity head at (a) 4 m/s (b) 16 m/s

entrance will be (IES-98) (c) 24 m/s (d) 30 m/s

44

Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machinery

16. Point A of head HA is at a higher (a) 2.5 cm/s (b) 5 cm/s

elevation than point B of head HB. The (c) 7.5 cm/s (d) 10 cm/s

head loss between these points is HL. The

flow will take place (IES-99) 20. A pipe is connected in series to another

pipe whose diameter is twice and length is

32 times that of the first pipe. The ratio of

frictional head losses for the first pipe to

those for the second pipe is (both the pipes

have the same frictional constant)

(a) 8 (b) 4 (IES-00)

(c) 2 (d) 1

(b) From A to B if HA= HB + HL has its diameter reduced by 20% due to

(c) From B to A if HZ + HL=HB deposition of chemicals. For a givenhead

(d) From B to A if H + HL=HA difference in the reservoirs with unaltered

friction factor, this would cause a

17. The value of friction factor is reduction in discharge of (IES-00)

misjudged by + 25% in using Darcy- (a) 42.8% (b) 20%

Weisbach equation. The resulting error in (c) 17.8% (d) 10.6%

the discharge will be (IES-99)

(a)+ 25% (b) -18.25 22. Which one of the following statements

(c)-12.5% (d) +12.5% is correct? (IES-00)

(a) Hydraulic grade line and energy grade

18. A tank containing water has two line are the same in fluid flow problems.

orifices of the same size at depth of 40 cm (b) Energy grade line lies above the

and 90 cm below the free surface of water. hydraulic grade line and is always parallel

The ratio of discharge through these to it.

orifices is (IES-00) (c) Energy grade line lies above the

(a)1:1 (b)2:3 hydraulic grade line and they are separated

(c) 4:9 (d)16:81 from each other by a vertical distance

equal to the velocity head.

19. The velocities and corresponding flow (d) The hydraulic grade line slopes

areas of the branches labeled 1,2,3,4 and 5 upwards meeting the energy grade line

for a (IES-00) only at the exit of flow.

fluid pressure head is 32 cm and velocity

head is 4 cm. the reduction in area at

location –II is such that the pressure head

drops down to zero. (IES-01)

Pipe system shown in the given figure are

given in the following table:

Pipe Label Velocity Area

1. 5 cm/s 4cm2

2. 6 cm/s 5 cm2

3. V3 cm/s 2 cm2 The ratio of velocities at location – II to

4. 4 cm/s 10cm2 that at location –I is

5. V5 cm/s 8 cm2 (a) 3 (b) 2.5

The velocity v5 would be (c) 2 (d) 1.5

45

Flow Through Pipes

24. For maximum transition of power 1

𝐸 2 1

through a pipeline with total head H, the (𝑎) ( ) (𝑏) (𝐸𝜌 )2

head lost due to friction hr is given by 𝜌

(IES-01) 𝜌 1/2 1 1/2

(𝑐) ( ) (𝑑) ( )

(a) 0.1 H (b) H/3 𝐸 𝐸𝜌

(c) H/2 (d) 2H/3

29. A 20 cm diameter 500 m long water

25. Tow pipelines of equal length and with ripe with friction factor ut = 0025, leads

diameters of 15 cm and 10 cm are in from a constant-head reservoir and

paralle and connect two reservoirs. The terminates at the delivery end into a nozzle

difference in water levels in the reservoirs discharging into air. (Neglect all energy

is 3m. if the friction is assumed to be losses other than those due to pipe

equal, the ratio of the discharge due to the friction). What is the approximate

larger diameter pipe to that of the smaller diameter of the jet for maximum power?

diameter pipe is, nearly, (IES-01) (IES-04)

(a) 3.375 (b) 2.756 a. 6.67 mm b. 5.98 mm

(c) 2.25 (d) 1.5 c. 66.7 mm d. 59.8 mm

26. The hydraulic mean depth (where A= 30. A 40 mm diameter 2m long straight

area and P = wetted perimeter) is given by uniform pipe carries a steady flow of water

(IES-02) (viscosity 1 .02 centipoises) at the rate of

𝑃 𝑃2 3.0 liters per minute. What is the

(𝑎) (𝑏)

𝐴 𝐴 approximate value of the shear stress on

𝐴 𝐴 the internal wall of the pipe? (IES-04)

(𝑐) (𝑑)√ a. 0.0166 dyne/cm2

𝑃 𝑃

b. 0.0812 dyne/cm2

c. 8.12 dyne/cm2

27. Match List I (Fluid parameters) with d. 0.9932 dyne/cm2

List II (Basic dimensions) and select the

correct answer: (IES-02) 31. Which phenomenon will occur when

List I the value at the discharge end of a pipe

A. Dynamic viscosity connected to a reservoir is suddenly

B. Chews roughness coefficient closed? (IES-05)

C. Bulk modulus of elasticity a. Cavitation b. Erosion

D. Surface tension () c. Hammering d. Surging

List II

1. M/t2 32. A 12 cm diameter straight pipe is laid

2. M/Lt2 at a uniform downgrade and flow rate is

3. M/Lt maintained such that velocity head in the

4. √𝐿 / 𝑡 pipe is 0.5 m. If the pressure in the pipe is

A B C D observed to be uniform along the length

a. 3 2 4 1 when the down slope of the pipe is 1 in 10,

b. 1 4 2 3 what is the friction factor for the pipe?

c. 3 4 2 1 (IES-06)

d. 1 2 4 3 a. 0.012 b. 0.024

c. 0.042 d. 0.050

28. Velocity of pressure waves due to

pressure disturbances imposed in a liquid 33. A compound pipeline consists of two

is equal to (IES-03) pieces of identical pipes. The equivalent

length of same diameter and same friction

46

Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machinery

factor, for the compound pipeline is L1 c. To relieve the pressure due to water

when pipes are connected in series, and is hammer

L2 when connected in parallel. What is the d. To reduce cavitation

ratio of equivalent lengths L1/L2?

(IES-06) 38. A penstock pipe of 10m diameter

a. 32 : 1 b. 8 : 1 carries water under a pressure head of 100

c. 2 : l d. √2 : 1 m. If the wall thickness is 9 mm, what is

the tensile stress in the pipe wall in MPa ?

34. The energy grade line (EGL) for (IES-09)

steady flow in a uniform diameter pipe is (a) 2725 (b) 545·0

shown below. (IES-06) (c) 272·5 (d) 1090

diameter d and friction factor f are

connected in parallel between two

reservoirs. What is the size of a pipe of

length L and of the same friction factor f

equivalent to the above pipe? (IES-09)

Which of the following items is contained (a) 1.55 d (b) 1.4 d

in the box ? (c) 3 d (d) 1.732 d

a. A pump b. A turbine

c. A partially closed valve 40. Which one of the following statements

d. An abrupt expansion is appropriate for the free surface, the

hydraulic gradient line and energy gradient

35. The head loss in turbulent flow in pipe line in an open channel flow? (IES-09)

varies (IES-07) (a) Parallel to each other but they are

a. Directly as the velocity different lines

b. Inversely as the square of the velocity (b) All coinciding

c. Inversely as the square of the diameter (c) Such that only the first two coincide

d. Approximately as the square of the (d) Such that they are all inclined to each

velocity other

36. Assertion (A): The power transmitted 41. The head loss in a sudden expansion

through a pipe is maximum when the loss from 6 cm diameter pipe to 12 cm

of head due to friction is equal to one-third diameter pipe, in terms of velocity V1 in

of total head at the inlet. (IES-07) the smaller diameter pipe is (IES-10)

Reason (R): Velocity is maximum when 3 𝑉12 5 𝑉12

the friction loss is one-third of the total (𝑎) . (𝑏) .

16 2𝑔 16 2𝑔

head at the inlet. 7 𝑉12 9 𝑉12

a. Both A and R are individually true and (𝑐) . (𝑑) .

R is the correct explanation of A. 16 2𝑔 16 2𝑔

b. Both A and R are individually true but 42. If a fluid flows through a capillary tube

R is not the correct explanation of A. of length L and diameter D, and the mass

c. A is true but R is false flow rate and the pressure drop are

d. A is false but R is true measured, the viscosity of the fluid can be

estimated from the (IES-10)

37. Why are surge tanks used in a pipe (A) Euler equation

line? (IES-08) (B) Bernoulli’s equation

a. To reduce frictional loss in pipe (C) Hagen-Poiseuille equation

b. To ensure uniform flow in pipe (D) Dittus-Boelter equation

47

Flow Through Pipes

43. Match List I(Losses) with List II (C) Statement (I) is true but statement (II)

(Parameters responsible) and select the is false

correct answer using the code given below (D) Statement (I) is false but statement (II)

the lists: (IES-10) is true

List-I

A. Leakage loss 46. Statement (I): The pressure drop in

B. Friction loss circular ducts is less when compared to

C. Entrance loss that in equivalent rectangular ducts.

List-II Statement (II) The mean velocity in a

1. Zero at design point rectangular duct will be less than that in its

2. Porportional to head circular equivalent. (IES-12)

3. Proportional to half of relative

velocity square 47. Statement (I) The hydraulic power

Codes: transmitted by a pipe through certain

A B C distance by means of water under pressure

(a) 1 2 3 will be maximum when the loss of head

(b) 2 3 1 due to friction over this distance is one-

(c) 1 3 2 third of total head supplied. (IES-12)

(d) 2 1 3 Statement (II) The average velocity of

flow should be less than the critical

44. The loss of head due to sudden velocity which corresponds to the laminar

enlargement is attributed to (IES-11) flow

(A) Viscosity of fluid

(B) Generation of heat 48. A tube is used (as shown in the above

(C) Roughness of pipe figure) as a siphon to discharge an oil of

(D) Production and dissipation of turbulent specific gravity 0.8 from a large open

energy vessel into a drain at atmospheric pressure.

The velocity of oil through the siphon will

45. The piezometric head is the summation be (IES-13)

of (IES-12)

(A) Velocity head and pressure head

(B) Pressure head and elevation head

(C) Elevation head and velocity head

(D) Velocity head, pressure head and

elevation head

two statements one labeled as the

‘Statement (I)’ and the other as ‘Statement

(II)’. You are to examine these two

statements carefully and select the answers

to their items using the codes given below: (A) 1.5 m/s (B) 6.7 m/s

(A) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) (C) 8.8 m/s (D) 10.4 m/s

are individually true and Statement (II) is

the correct explanation of statement (I) 49. Water flows through a vertical

(B) Both Statement (I) and Statement (III) contraction from a pipe of diameter d to

are individually true but Statement (III) is another of diameter of d/2 Inlet velocity at

Not the correct explanation of statement inlet to contraction is 2 m/s and pressure

(I) 200 kN/m2. If height of contraction

48

Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machinery

measures 2m, the pressure at exit of (C) Shear stress is zero and velocity is

contraction will be nearly to (IES-13) continuous

(A) 192 kN/m2 (B) 150 kN/m2 (D) Shear stress is zero

2

(C) 165 kN/m (D) 175 kN/m2

54. Which one of the following statements

is not correct in the context of laminar

50. In flow through a pipe, the transition

flow through a pipeline? (IES-14)

from laminar to turbulent flow does not

(A) Shear stress is zero at the centre and

depend on (IES-13)

varies linearly with pipe radius

(A) Density of fluid

(B) Head loss is proportional to square of

(B) Length of pipe

the average flow velocity

(C) Diameter of pipe

(C) The friction factor varies inversely

(D) Velocity of the fluid

with flow Reynolds number

(D) No dispersion of die injected into the

51. In the below layout of piping, what is

flow stream

the velocity in 200 mm diameter pipe?

55. Two reservoirs connected by two pipe

lines in parallel of the same diameter D

and length. It is proposed to replace the

two pipe lines by a single pipeline of the

same length without affecting the total

discharge and loss of head due to friction.

The diameter of the equivalent pipe D in

terms of the diameter of the existing pipe

(A) 2.5 m/s (B) 5.55 m/s D

line, e is (IES-16)

(C) 7.25 m/s (D) 9.56 m/s D

1 1 1

52. For laminar flow through a round pipe, (a) 4.0 (b) 2 5 (c) 4 4 (d) 4 5

the shear stress (IES-14)

(A) Remains constant over the cross– The oil with specific gravity 0.8,

56.

section

dynamic viscosity of 8 103 Ns/m2 flows

(B) Varies linearly with the radial distance

through a smooth pipe of 100 mm

(C) Must be zero at all points

diameter and with Reynolds number 2100.

(D) Varies parabolically with radial

The average velocity in the pipe is

distance

(IES-16)

(a) 0.21 m/s (b) 0.42 m/s

53.

(c) 0.168 m/s (d) 0.105 m/s

57. The condition for power transmission

by flow through a pipeline to be maximum

is that the loss of head of the flow due to

friction throughout the pipeline length is

(IES-16)

Consider flow of oil and water through a (a) one-third of the total head at inlet end

channel; the boundary conditions at the (b) one-fourth of the total head at inlet

interface are (IES-14) end

(A) Velocity and shear stress are (c) three-fourth of the total head at inlet

continuous end

(B) Shear stress is continuous and velocity (d) One-half of the total head at inlet end

is discontinuous

49

Flow Through Pipes

50

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