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Why five years i The machine illustrated in Fig. 1 is of modern de-

Because within the past five years there has been an sign and stands up well when using high speed steel.
unprecedented development in Canadian railroads. The The ram has square slides and is worked by an improved
steel rails have been laid north, south, east and west. adjustable crank and slotted lever, the length of stroke
The building of the G. T. P., the expansion of the C. P. being instantly set by a dial and pointer on the opera-
K., the miles of lines of the C. N. R. under construction tor's side of the machine, the longitudinal adjustment
and the inroads of other railroads have made a demand is made quickly and positively by means of a double
far larger and better tools. thread screw. The tool block slide has automatic feed
Because motor drive is being used more in railroad up or down at any angle. The screw of this has a
and manufacturing shops and because (and this is pro-
; micrometer index graduated in thousandths of an inch.
bably the chief reason) there has been the introduction The cross feed screw is also provided with micrometer
of new high speed steel necessitating greater driving index, and the feed stops automatically at either end of
power, wider belts and a more substantial machine. the slide, preventing breakages through carelessness.
Canadian companies have shown themselves very pro-
gressive and have improved all their standard lines as McGregor, Gourlay Co. Lathe.
well as increasing the number of machine tools manufac- The 20-inch lathe illustrated in Fig. 2 is built for
tured. Others have devoted their time and attention to modern steel requirements with increased belt power
one line, improving it to give a maximum production. and variety of feeds. In increasing the width and speed
Besides carrying on experiments themselves, they have of belt, difficulties have arisen in shifting. To overcome
watched those being made by machine tool manufactur- this the McGregor), Gourlay Co. designed the permanent
ers of other countries. The result has been great im- belt shifter shown in Fig. 2. This works easily and
provements in Canadian-made machine tools. quickly. .Another point is the feeds. A few years ago 3
Five years ago with carbon steel a very slow machine changes were thought to be enough, but now 50 changes
speed was satisfactory. The fact that machines have of feed are instantly available. '

been developed to work at a speed from 2 to ">

In the 20-inch lathe shown in Fig. 2 the cone is made
that speed according to the work, tells the story of how with three steps, large in diameter, and takes an extra
machine tools have been redesigned and more heavily wide belt, which is changed by the shifter mentioned.
i! rue tod. There are two sets of back gears which with two fric-
Planers have required a great deal of attention to tion pulleys on the countershaft give 18 changes of speed
make them stand up to their work. A few years ago, in geometrical progression, instantly available. For high
it was recognized that finishing cuts could be taken at a
speed work this is an entirely satisfactory arrangement,
higher speed than roughing" cuts, but now this, is re-
as it gives six changes of speed for finishing and small
versed. The introduction of high speed steel has brought
diameters at much greater than has been furnish-
about the reversal of conditions. Six changes
ed, direct on the spindle from the r«alt.
McGregor, Gourlay Shaper. through a back gear of low ratio for roughing at a high
speed, and six changes through a comparatively high
Rack driven shapers are subject to these conditions
ratio, back gear for large diameter.
mentioned for the planer. Now a slotted arm is recog-
nized as best because the speed is reduced at the be- The feeds and screw cutting changes are instantly
ginning and end of stroke. Fig. 1 illustrates a Mc- obtainable by the movement of a lever to the different
Gourlay Co. 16x20 inch shaper. It gives 8 positions given on the index plate. All the gears con-
changes of speed where 1 were formerly used. It is now nected with this mechanism are made of steel, and when-
considered essential to have automatic down feed of tool ever running on studs are bronze bushed. It is impossi-
was ble to engage either automatic cross or longitudinal feeds
where formerly it a luxury.

when the machine is cutting screws or vice-versa. The The headstock is closely fitted, and so
well ribbed,
thread of the screw is used only for screw cutting. It is clamped as to insure non-chattering.
its The bearings
not necessary to reverse or stop the spindle when cutting are made self-oiling, having deep chambers for this pur-

screws as a dial on the saddle shows when to engage

the nut. The feeds are instantly reversed in the apron
by a movement of a lever. The saddle may be instantly
clamped when cross feeding l«y a movement of a lever.

Fig. 2. —McGregor. Gourlay. Gait. Redesigned 20" Lathe.

pose and oil is fed to the spindles through a felt strainer

which acts as a filter in clearing the oil. This filter should
be renewed at least once a year and this will insure well
lubricated bearings. Provision is made for return of oil

Fig. -McGregor, Gourlay. Gait. Redesigned 16" Shaper.

Lathe cuts the following threads :

2, 2} 2f, 24, 2}, 3, Si, 34, 3|. 4. **, 4 3, 5, 5J, 5f, 6,

6i, 7, 7i, 8, 9, 94, 10, 11, 1H, 12, 13, 11, 15., 16, 18,
19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 36, 38, 40, 44, 46,
48. 52, 56, 60, 61.

R. McDougall Co., Lathes.

The K. McDougall Co., Gait, is giving special atten- Fig. 4. —Bertram Interchangable Lathe Fitted for Motor Drive.

tion to lathes and in the pasttwo years have redesigned

them so that they now have a greater rigidity so that to chamber, thus making oiling of spindles automatic.
they are more suitable for high speed steels. The head This one of the new features.

has been redesigned to give a more even progression of The carriage and apron have been redesigned with
speed. The cone diameter has been enlarged giving special reference to giving the maximum resistance to
greater belt contact. The lathes now do from 2 to 4 the springing and straining of these important parts of
times as much as previously in ten hours. a lathe. The carriage has full bearings on V's its entire

Fig. 3.— R. McDougall. Gait. Redesigned Gap Lathe.

length, has wide cross V reinforced with an extra amount ed, it can be arranged for motor or belt drive as desired,
of metal in cro'ss bridge. The construction of the car- or for square or parallel drivq, l«y bolting on the proper
riage 'and apron and their connection with rod and attachments. A description of this new Bertram planer
screw are so closely fitted as to prevent all tendencies appeared in the September issue of Canadian Machinery.
to'unevenness of motion or springing when under, load. The lathe shown in the heading is a belt driven
The carriage brace is a special feature. This is a lathe. Fig. 4 shows the motor driven lathe. The lathes
strong brace which is connected to the apron and slides are made convertible, belt drive or motor being at-
upon a scraped and fitted way on the bed. The upper tached after the body of the lathe is completed, accord-

Fig. 5.— Bertram Locomotive Wheel Tire Lathe of Five Years Ago. Fig. 7.— Modern Coach Wheel Lathe.

end shouldered and this makes carriage very solid when

ing to specifications. In Fig. 4 the mechanism known
as the "back gearing." is on the front of the lathe.
working on gap diameters.
Double back gears are now used on their gap lathes Power applied near the cut, taking the strain off the

and engine lathes when ordered. This feature is a very bearings. Massiveness is one of the features in the re-
important one, especially on a gap lathe where a large design of the lathe so that it stands well the strain of

range of diameters require to be treated. With two high speed steels.

speed countershaft, as provided, 18 distinct spindle Locomotive Wheel Tire Lathe.

speeds are available, the ratio of advance being equal in Great advances have been made in railroad tools.
each case so that no two speeds overlap. Through the In the Bertram locomotive wheel tire lathe several im-
first or low ratio gear a high spindle speed with a high provements have been made. Fig. 5 shows the old type
belt velocity makes the lathe particularly efficient on
rough and heavy cuts on small diameters, while the
second or high' ratio gear gives ample power for heavy

Fig. 6.— Redesigned Locomotive Wheel Tire Lathe

cuts' on the largest diameters which can be swung in

Fig. 8.— Redesigned Punch and Shears.
the lathe.
The lathes are .all carefully tested, a test sheet re- method of holding wheel in place, whilo.
tool holder and
cord, being kept and a copy is sent to the purchaser. Fig. 6 shows the redesigned machine. In the first type
The .parts are made to accurate templets, and the lead the wheels were turned with an ordinary driver, now
screw 'is- -guaranteed being made to an exact standard patent sure grip drivers are used, the wheel being chucked
master .•aerew.. firmly to faceplate by the arms. Th5s method is the in-
; . John Bertram & .Sons Co., Dundas. vention of an expert of the Niles, Bement, Pond Co-, and
All lines built by John Bertram & Sons Co. ;
have was patented in Canada by the John Bertram & Sons
undergoes, redesigning. The -drive on all- tools, including Co.
lathes,- ..planer's, -etc'./ have been reconstructed. The tool holder used to require eight bolts and nuts
Planers arefnow built so that with the body of the:
but the new single screw tool holder shown- in Fig. 6
planer can be placed in stock. When an order is receiv reduces time. Production has now been more than
trtbled. the output being increased from 3 pair to f) aud were used, they were not clamped equally. When it
12 pair per day. clamped thin work it would not clamp thick plate.
The shears shown in Fig 9 are equipped with clamps
Bertram Coach Wheel Lathe. operated by air cylinders, which give an equal pressure
The coach wheels used to be driven in the coach on all thicknesses of plate. Another late development,
wheel lathe from the face by boltheads, but now the amc or perhaps it is an old method again adopted, is to use
method as for tires is used. A single tool holder has belt drive from the motor to the shears, as the jarring

also Icon adopted on this machine and the output has of the machine gave trouble with gears.

been increased from "> or 6 to 15 pair per day. Angle shears cut 8"s8"x%" angles where 6"x6"x%"
used to bo thought large. This development is due to
the increased size of structures and the demand for
larger structural steel shapes.
Bending rollshave been impro\ed and with modern
rolls as shown Fig. 10. With these H" plate can
be rolled where five years ago rolls would bend up to
I inch only.
Hydraulic Press.
With development in Canadian railroads there
has also been a development in the hydraulic press. The.
machine five years ago had a single plunger pump with
c;i>t iron cylinders for wheel work. Now steel resistance,
e, pper lined cylinders and triple plunger pumps are part*

of the improved hydraulic press.

Three sizes of plungers are attached, one or all may
be used, inch being available.
-i/rs ; inch, 11 inch <«• ','

Fig. 9.— Improved Punch and Shears.

Fig. 7 shows a modern coach wheel lathe with single

; il holder and modern clinch grips. This heavy tool has
boen developed to turn the high C. and Mg. steels. They
must have great power, for on account of the climate
and heavy grades, our railroads are more severe on
rolling stocks than southern roads. The tires get tem-
pered and the tools must remove these parts by cutting
under the hardened parts, when truing up coach wheels. Fig. 11. —?0th Century Rotary Planer.
Bertram Punches and Shears.
From 150 and 200 tons was formerly considered a big
Punches and shears have been recently redesigned machine ; now 300 tons for carwhccls and 600 tons for
making them convertible for structural steel work. The locomotive tires is used.

Rotary Planer.

H f n 1 The rotary planer

cent advances in structural steel work.
is a development caused by the
The motor is
mounted on the turntable as shown in Fig. 11. The first

f*T vr.r 4MHT- Canadian machine had a capacity of 21 inches. The

company who
installed the 21-inch machine is now in-
a rotary planer of the same make, 67 inches

Pig. 10.—Motor Drives Plate

i in diameter. Planers arc made up to 10 ft. diameter
cutting head capacity.
Universal Radial
Fig. 12 shows a Bertram Universal Radial Drill, the
latest product of the Bertram works), and is a new de-
sign. This machine is driven by means of a single pulley

one shown in Fig. 8 has a 40-inch face of ram for mul- through speed box, and back gears. There are 16 changes
tiple punching. With it 12 to 15 holes may be punched of spindlo speeds. The spindles are counterbalanced and
at once. Formerly S.,000 holes per day used to be a good provided with quick return- There are three changes of

day's work, now 90,000 holes per day is considered a positive feed controlled by a pull pin conveniently locat-
reasonable day's work. ed on the head.
shows one of the latest shearing machines.
Fig. 9 The drill head is of the full-swing type, being mount-
Formerly the beams were worked by cams. This method ed on a swiveling base and can be readily turned from a
defective and when different thicknesses of plate vertical to a horizontal position. It has lateral adjust-

ment along the arm by means of rack and pinion through London Machine Tool Co., Hamilton.
a band wheel convenient to the operator.
Another company which has made great strides in
The arm is of particularly rigid construction
with the redesign of machine tools is the London Machine
vertical adjustment by power and
arranged to swivel.
Tool Co. Practically their whole line of slotters, drills,
The inner column is rigidly bolted to the base plate and
shapers, boring mills, planers, lathes and railroad ma-
supports the outer column which rests on roller bearings,
chinery has been redesigned to keep pace with the de-
permitting easy swinging of the drill arm.
mand for heavier machine tools for use in railroad shops.
A conveniently arranged reverse lever in front of the
Pig. 14 shows a large Blotter
built in 1909 by the
drill head is used for tapping. The position of this lever
London Machine Tool Co. In designing this slotter ad-
vantage has been taken of the largest Often of slotters.
The essential features in the design are the movable bead
and the quick power adjustments to head and to nil
motions of .the table. Coupled with these arc other im-
provements of extra quick return of ram, stroke indicator,
automatic throw-out to feed, etc.
This slotter allows work being done requiring great
reach. The quick power feature, on certain work, mi m -
an increase of 200 p?r cent, in output. Generally i;
.~»0 per cent, more
than the original designed machine. The
machine illustrated' will cut to the centre of a circle 7 I,.
<i ins. in diameter, and will cut to flic outside of eirele
ft. 2 ins. in diameter.

Heavy Wheel Lathe.

Fig. 15 illustrates a massive wheel lathe built by the
London Machine Tool Co.. Hamilton. All parts are desij

Fig. 12.— New Bertram Universal Radial Dt ill.

up or down indicates the direction of the spindle traverse

while the drill spindle may be instantly stopped by lift-

ing lever to central position. These machines may be

readily changed from belt to motor drive at any time.

Bertram Boring Mills and Slctters.

Boring mills have been redesigned and increased from

42 to 100 inches. The Niles boring mill is built up to
20 ft.

Slotters are now made with motor drive and are con-
vertible. shows a 12-inch slotter with link
Fig. 13
slotting attachment. The worm of circular motion is
disconnected and the bar is set to the circle required.
Steam hammers have also been redesigned to keep
up with the demand made by the railroads for heavier
locomotives and therefore heavier locomotive frames.
New Machines of Stevens Co., G-alt.

About three years ago the Stevens Co. started to maa:--

facture in Canada the Jones & Lamson or Hartness typ
of flat turret- lathe. Although this lathe was previousi\
manufactured in United States it is the first of its class
to be manufactured in Canada.

A new manufacturing lathe of simple design. was re- Fig. 13.— 12" Slotter With Link Slotting Attachment.
cently placed on the market. It has powerful drive, being
made for use with high speed steel.
for exceptionally heavy strains. It has been estimated
Bawden 20-inch Drill. that the cutting pressure on the two tools reaches as high

The Bawden Machine & Tool Co., 22 Orillia Street, as 300,000 lbs. It can therefore be imagined that the
Toronto, manufacture a 20 in. drill which was placed on design of present day railroad shop machine tools must
the market about two years ago. It is a pewerful drill, be in excess of everything heretofore produced to take
furnished with back gear, power feed, automatic stop and care of wbee's used in present day practice, and tc stand

quick return. such enormous pressures.

The face plates are !M inches diameter, allowing wheels to have entered the machine tool trade and convertible
to be turned 86 inches diameter on the tread. The bear- machines is one result. Immediately after the introduc-
ings are 16 ins. by 22 ins.| long. The feeds vary from tion of high speed steel, there was an introduction of
16-100 of an inch per rev., to 48-100 of an inch per rev., geared feeds. It will be seen by a .perusal of this article,
having eight impulses per revolution. By means of however, tliat Canadian builders of machine tools as well
clutches and change gears, working speeds are provided as other companies have returned to belt drive, though the
for all wheels from S6 ins. to 34 ins. in diameter, so that convertible machine permits the attaching of heads for
coach wheels may be turned in the same machine. The either belt, motor or gear drive as desired. The latest
weight of the machine complete is about 102,000 lbs. machines as described, have belt-driven feeds.
Motor-Driven Boring Mill. Some of the best results removing metal have been
obtained from belt driven machines so that this is not
The motor driven boring mill shown in Fig. 16 is a
merely a whim of the manufacturers in adopting belt-
104 in. manufactured by the London Machine Tool Co.,
driven feeds, of good width and with wide pulleys. Old
patterns have been laid aside and all the machine tools
have been built on new plans. A machine of five years
ago is entirely out-of-date. Improvements have followed
each other, new features being rapidly added. What will
be developed in the next five years is hard to prophesy.
The demand for machine tools is increasing and when the
transcontinental railroads start equipping shops which

will inevitably follow, still greater improvements must be

made and new lines added to keep up with the demands
for tools for railroad work.

An Engineers' Standardized Publications Association
was recently formed in England, having its headquarters
at Craven House, Kingsway. London, W.C. Its object is
to persuade manufacturers to conform to mutually agreed
standards in the size and arrangement of price lists and
Fig. 14.— Improved Slotter Made by London Machine Tool Co.. catalogues, and facilitate reference to these publications
Hamilton. by scientific classification, of their contents.
While the shape and size of catalogues may seem a
Hamilton. This is operated by two D.C. motors. One
small matter, yet anyone who has attempted the classifica-
is connected by gearing to the driving mechanism, a,nd the
tion and arrangement of the catalogues issued by Can-
one for raising the crossrail is located on the top of the
adian and United States, British and'othi r manufacturers,
•will appreciate the great difficulty of making an orderly
Besides those illustrated the London Machine Tool
collection, of them. The result frequently is 'that the
Co., Hamilton, have redesigned their lathes, making should be.
catalogues are not carefully ''preserved as tliey
several improvements in the attachments as well. A new
and therefore carry oul the full purpose of their
fail to
radial drill, designed for using high speed steel and for
mission. When one considers the outlay un these publica-
heavy work has also been added to their line.
tions, which are often handsomely and' expeiipively gotten
Their heavy double axle lathe is worthy of mention.
It is designed to turning car, coach and locomotive axles,

Fig.lo. —Heavy Wheel Lathe. Fig. 16.— 10f Boring Mill.

using high speed steels. A few of the prominent features up. and the heavy expense of postage, the advisability of
of the machine are large bearing surfaces, powerful feed taking all possible steps to insure not merely a monetary-
through splined rod, positive locking tool post, automatic welcome and appreciation, but a permanent place in a,

stops to carriage feed, etc. reference collection is self-evident; This is the age of
A Review of Improvements. filing cabinets, which are more 'or less. of uniform size and

During the past few years many improvements have all manufacturers might with profit consider the matter
been made in all lines of machine tools. Fashions seem of standardizing their price lists.:and catalogues.

The Work of Overhauling Electric Railway Rolling Stock
Paper Read before the Canadian Street Railway Association, Dealing
with the Various Operations in the Shops, to Keep Cars in Commission
In presenting these remarks concern- Encourage New Ideas Among Workmen. 000 miles before overhauling is now un-
ing the periodical overhauling of rolling
It very necessary that the good
is der serious consideration.
stock, it is my intention to endeavor to
work of overhauling rolling stock should
convince those interested in the main- Overhauling a Car.
be done in a most thorough and syste-
tenance of electric railway rolling stock
matic way. The work should be laid
I now trace the course of over-
that periodical overhauling is absolutely hauling a car. Owing to the fact that
out so that there will be no confusion
necessary to obtain the maximum of overhauling was first started by rota-
of material, men or ideas. All the work
efficiency and also that when this work tion of car numbers, it is quite easy for
should be done in a pre-determined
is completed, the term, general over- us in the shops to know just about the
manner. Gauges, measurements and
haul will be amply justified. car or cars due to come in, and as ac-
tools should be supplied for the proper
curate mileage is kept on all cars, a
Prior to three years ago very few of carrying out of the same. When a sys-
glance at the mileage statements is
the cars on the Toronto system were tem of overhaul is finally decided upon
sufficient to procure the proper car for
overhauled with any degree of regular- as being the best suited to local condi-
overhauling. This done, the central car
ity. This neglect was responsible for tions, it should become a law in the
dispatcher is instructed to have that
some of the following results Average : shop, and any employe departing from
car delivered to the shops ready for the
daily cripple cars amounted to about the standard of practice should be dealt
following morning. The car is then
17 p.c. of all motor-operated rolling with accordingly. The introduction of
placed in a section set aside for the
stock, failures in service were very new methods or stunts or experiments
purpose, brake and cable connections
common, line blockades interrupted should not be permitted until they are
unfastened, car body raised and placed
schedules, cars out of service when re- carefully considered by the proper offi-
cials. I strongly recommend that em- on trestles, trucks are then pulled out
quired to fill schedules, inconvenience to
ployes be encouraged to promote new from under the body and shunted to
passengers, lost mileage and revenue.
ideas, and if on the presentation of truck overhaul section here the motors
This condition of affairs necessitated the
them to the proper officials, they are are removed and sent to motor over-
introduction of a method of repairs
found to possess even some small merit, hauling section.
whereby the average daily number of
every encouragement should be given The truck is completely stripped down,
cripples would be reduced to a mini-
the originator to perfect the same, and except side and end frame, wheel centres
mum. Instructions were issued by the marked, aud trammil points used to
on the adoption of his proposal in
management that all cars were to be test for truck frame being true. Journal
practice he should, so far as the shop is
put in first-class condition at once.
concerned, receive all the credit due boxes are stripped of brassed wedges
This was done, but not without a very
him. and waste, and thoroughly cleansed.
large expenditure of money the results
.Wheels and journals are now replaced if
obtained, however, were such as to Use Jigs, Patterns, etc.
necessary. The stripped material has
prove without the shadow of a doubt
In preparing the repair material in been placed on one side of the truck,
the wisdom of permitting the above-
the Toronto Ry. shops, carefully kept the floor on the other side is swept
mentioned expenditure. To-day in To- clean, the truck inspector inspects the
jigs, patterns and gauges are always
ronto there are comparatively speaking
used in production. By this means ab- old material and o.k's. that which is to
no motor breakdowns in service, and as be used again.
solute accuracy is assured, and the parts This o.k. material is
a comparison I may say, that instead now moved to the clean space on the
are interchangeable. The fact that the
of 17 p.c. of the cars being crippled as
pit men or fitters have no work other other side of the truck, the balance is
before stated every 24 hours, the daily
than to bolt together and put to place, taken to the shop storekeeper, who
average is now 3.7 p.c; and it must be gives in return a new or repair part for
is a strong argument in favor of the
borne in mind that every car that is re- every one sent in"; this is then delivered
repair material beiDg properly produc-
paired, whether large or small repairs, to the truck fitters, and is placed with
ed in the company's shops or by outside
is classed in the totals from which this
the balance of the o.k. material. The
percentage is struck. Those not includ- trucks are now built up, the journals
ed are those cars repaired by the night Toronto Railway Co.'s Methods. being packed with clean, oil-soaked
and day inspectors and repair men, af- waste the trucks
; having been thor-
ter the cars are housed and have com- 1 endeavor to explain some of
will oughly scraped and blown off with com-
pleted their day's run or, in other
; the methods in use in the Toronto Ry. pressed air, are now given a coat of
words, cars which have not caused any Co.'s central shops. This system no mineral quick drying black paint, and
interruption to service or schedules. doubt, would be more readily understood ready for the motors.
This a considerable
is reduction you by a visit to our works, which we will
will admit, but we are endeavoring to at all times welcome. The cars are Repairing Motors.
lower this record, and those in charge overhauled on a mileage basis 50,000 ; The motors are stripped of ar-

of the rolling stock are of opinion that to 55,000 miles being the limit of dis- matures and field these with the
coils ;

this can be done. The vastly superior tance a car travels before being brought lirushholders are sent to the armature
to the shops and thoroughly overhauled. and machine departments respectively.
service which we are now enabled to
Owing to the fact that our roadbed is The motor frame is next scraped inside
give has secured to the company a very
now in a very much better condition and. out, grease boxes cleaned out, bot-
valuable asset in the citizens' good-will.
than it formerly was, and the cars tom oiled, wells cleaned and washed
standing up so much better, the matter with kerosene. The inside of motor
• Master Mechanic of Toronto Railway Co. of permitting cars to run 70,000 to 75,- frames are next painted with black in-

sulating compound, oiled canvass liners cast steel sleeves lined with babbit be- 10 Safety appliances on ma-
are placed around permanent pole ing used for bearings. Next, the entire chinery 445
pieces, frames are now ready for as- armature is carefully cleaned, commu- 11 Library, reading rooms, lec-
sembling. Field coils are next put to tator turned and polished, string band ture rooms and bicycle sheds 6,206
place and magnet plates bolted home, and sent
carefully inspected or renewed,
finished steel bolts and hexagon nuts to the testing department. Here the Total $45,437
with spring lockwashers being used ex- millovolt drop test from bar to bar is In round figures, says Henry R. Towne,
clusively for motor and truck work. used and finally the armature is sub- the foregoing statements imply an in-
The motor frames are now bolted to- jected to a six hundred volt ground vestment for the above purposes of about
gether and a gauge inserted between the test, armature body then shellaced and
$100 per employe and an annual expen-
pole pieces to prove proper distances. placed in the o.k. rack. Field coils are
diture of about $20 per employe. While
The proper distance between magnets then placed in section of motor frame
admitting frankly that this expenditure,
having been secured, the armature is without magnet, and a millovolt read-
both fixed and current, is "good busi-
next put to place and armature boxes ing taken, next a magnet attached to
ness," because tending to increase the
bolted on. Equal clearance between ar- an air cylinder is lowered on field coil
efficiency of labor and the contentment
matures and magnets is next secured by and another reading taken while the
of employes, it can with equal fairness
use of a special gauge. coil is under pressure, if the coil reads
be stated that, if limited strictly to busi-
New spring felt feeder wicks are up to the standard and shows no varia-
ness requirements, these outlays, both
placed in bottom oil pocket of both ar- tion under pressure the outside tape is
repaired and the coil dipped in air dry-
fixed and current, would largely be re-
mature and motor axle bearings, and
duced, probably one-half, and that the
with clean oil. Next ing compound.
oil receptacles filled
A great reduction in motor lead excess over what is necessary represents,
a piece of felt is inserted in the grease
trouble has been secured by boring the on the one hand, a volutary contribution
hole at bottom of grease box touching
motor frames on the axle side and bring- by the employer to the welfare, comfort
the shaft, a square oil-soaked pad, half-
ing the leads out as near the king bolt and health of the employe, and, on the
inch in thickness, is then neatly fitted
as possible this, of course, refers to other hand, a substitute or equivalent to
to the bottom of the box, the balance ;

outside hung motors. This practically the employe of a direct contribution to

of space is then filled with hand-picked
covers the entire performance of over- an insurance or pension fund, because
pure wool waste, the waste having pre-
hauling a car. serving indirectly a similar purpose by
viously soaked iu oil 24 hours and
Brush-holder increasing the earning power, by pro-
dripped for 12 hours.
longing the activity and thus by aug-
yokes, and brushholders completely as- WELFARE OF EMPLOYES.
sembled, are now bolted to place. These menting the potential savings of the em-
is the investment and
The following
parts do not require any alteration for ploye.
maintenance in the works of Ya,le &
the reason that they have been built up
Towne Mfg. Co., Stamford, Conn.:
in a special jig, their coreect position MACHINE TOOL PRICES.
and alignment on the commutator be- Investment. The following prices supplied to the
ing both electrically and mechanically 1 Heating andventilating ...$74,200 17. S. Consul by Daimler, of Austrian
coreect. 2 Sanitation, drainage and wa- Daimler Works, Wiener-Neustadt, Aus-
The overhauled motor is now subject- ter supply 49.400 tria, are of interest. These tools are of
ed to a running test on the floor for 3 Lighting, electric and gas 18,000 . .
good design and the shop is one of the
three hours with 40 amperes of curreYit -1General cleanliness best in Europe.
for the purpose of proving the condition 5 Drinking water, filtration, re- The prices paid by Daim'er for vari-
of the bearings. While the motor
is and distribution 6.2O0
frigeration ous machine tools in use were as fol-
under test it is painted with a quick 6 Lavatories (included .in item lows:
drying mineral black paint. The gears, 2) John L. Bogert, machine for turning
pinions and gear case having been thor- 7 Locker rooms and lockers 57,200 . . . down crank pins. No. 22 $2,080. Pren-
oughly cleaned of grease, the motor is S Emergency room and equip- tice Bros. Co., lathe, 255 by 1,600 by
now swung to place on the trucks and ment 1,200 3,050 mm., $860; vertical drills, w.p. Id,
gears and pinions given an application 9 Apparatus for removal of $]1 1. Hendey Machine Co.. lathe, 250 by
of compound, the two or four
special dust and fumes 8,000 760 by 1,830 mm., $688. Gisliolt Ma-
motors all having come through at the 10 Safety appliances on ma- chine Co., turret lathe, No. II. $2,647;
same time the overhaul truck and motor chinery 4,000 vertical turret lathes. No. 0. $1,631.
equipment is now ready for service.
11 Library, reading rooms, lec- Landis Tool Co., grinders, No. iy2 -

Just as soon as car body is placed on ture rooms and bicycle sheds 7,000 $926. Worner & Swasey Co., hexagonal
trestles, the controller, rheostats, turret lathes. No. II. $1,700: hollow h:xa-
trolley stand and brake cylinder are re- Total $225,200 gon revolver lathe, $1,535. Potter &
moved and sent to their respective .1hnston Machine Co.. automate turret
they are at once Annual Operating Expenses.
repair departments ;
lathes, No.II, $2,619. Cleveland Auto-
replaced with new or overhauled mater- 1 Heating and ventilating ....$14,620 matic Machine Co., 51 mm. automatics.
ial. Cable ducts on car body are open- 2 Sanitation, drainage and wa- 3-spindle, $1,203; No. V/4 automatics. ">

ed, cleaned and repainted, renewals be- ter supply 6,324 spindle, $2,660. Gleason Works, g ar
ing made where necessary. Car :body, planers, No. $2,033. Becker-Brainard
3 Lighting, electric and gas . . 3,129 1.
wood and iron work repaired and paint- 4 General cleanliness 4,811 Machine Co.. vertical milling
ed. Overhauled trucks and motors are 932 machines, No. IV, C, $935. Cincinnati
5 Drinking water
now run under, and body put to place, 6 Lavatories (included in item Milling Machine Co., universal milling
brake and calJe connections made,
2) machine, No. IT. $805. Lucas Machine-
brakes adjusted and car given a severe
7 Locker rooms and lockers . . 6 467 Too Co., press for 30 atms., $545. C.

tryout under service conditions before

8 Emergency room , 1.303 C. Bradley & Son, hammers, A No. IV.,
being passed as o.k. by the inspector.
9 Apparatus for removal of $1,133. Yahley, pneumatic hammer, II,
Armatures are first inspected for bear-
dust and fumes 1,200 lh. IV, $1,789.
ings and renewals made where necessary,
Sides. An gle.
Sine. Hides. Ancle. Sine.

By H. J. McCaslin. 99
100 1°
5.45" .0317279 216 50' .0145439
.0314107 217 49' 46.17" 0144769
101 1° 46' 55.84" .0310998 218 49- 32.48" .0144104
The accompanying table of chords and 102 1° 45' 52.94" .0307950 219 49' 18.91" .0143446
103 1° 44' 51.26" 220
angles is used by an electrical concern 104 1° 43' 50.76"
49' 5.46" .0142794
.0302029 48' 52.13' .0142148
105 1° 42'
for spacing rator spiders, etc, I find 51.42" .0299154 222 48' 38.92" .0141508
106 1° 41' 53.20" .0296332 223 48' 25.83" .0140874
itvery handy in my shop work, and it 107 1° 40' 56.07" .0293564 224 48' 12.86" .0140245
108 1° 40' .0290847 225 48' .0139622
may be found useful by some readers of 109 1° 39' 4.95" .0288179 226 47' 47.26" .0139004
110 1° 38' 10.90" 227 47' 34.63"
Canadian Machinery. 111 1° 37' 17.83"
228 47' 22.11"
.0282488 .0137785

For tool work, chord=sine X
D. Angle
113 1°

is half of angle subtended by side at 114 34' 44.21" .0275543 231 46' 45.19" .0135995
115 1° 33' 54.78" .0273147 232 46' 33.10" .0135409
centre. 116 1° 33' 6.20" .0270793 233 46' 21.11" .0134288
117 1° 32' 18.46" .0268479 234 46' 9.23" .0134252
No. 118 1° 31' 31.52" .0266204 235 45' 57.45" .0133681
Sides. Angle. Sine. 119 1° 30' 45.38" .0263968 236 45' 45.76" .0133115
3 60° 866KM 120 1° 30' .0261769 237 45' 34.18" .0132553
4 45° 70"10G7 121 1° 29' 15.37" 238 45'
.0259606 22.69" .01319%
5 36° .5877852 122 1° 28' 31.47" 239 45'
.0257478 11.29" .0131444
6 30° .5 123 1° 27' 48.29" 240 45'
.0256386 .0130896
7 25° 42' 51.42" .4338837 124 1° 27' 5.80" 241 44'
.0253326 48.80" .0)30353
8 22° 30' .3826834 125 1° 26' 24" 242 44'
.0251300 37.68" .0129814
9 20° .3420201 126 1° 25' 42.85" .0249306 243 44' 26.67" .0129280
10 18° .3090170 127 1° 25' 2.36" .0247344 244 44' 15.74" 0128750
11 16° 21' 49.09" .2817325 128 1° 24' 22.50" .0245412 245 44' 4.90" .0128225
12 15° .2588190 129 1° 23' 43.25" .024.3509 246 43' 54.15" .0127704
13 13° 50' 46.15" .2393157 130 1° 23' 4.61" .0241637 247 43' 43.48" .0127187
14 12° 51' 25.71" .2225208 131 1° 22 26.56' .0239793 248 43' 32.90" .0126674
15 12° .2079116 132 1° 21' 49.09" .0237976 249 43' 22.41"
16 11° .1950903 133 1° 21' 12.18" .0236188 250 43' 12" .0125661
17 10° 35' 17.64" .1837495 134 1° 20' 35.82" .0234425 251 43' 1.67" .0125160
18 10° .1736481 135 1° 20' .0232689 252 42' 51.43" .0124663
19 9° 28' 25.26" .1645945 136 1° 19' 24.70" .0230978 253 42' 41.26" .0124171
20 9° .1564344 137 1° 18' 49.92" .0229292 254 42' 31.18" .0123682
21 8° 34' 17.14" .1490422 138 1° 18' 15.65" .0227631 255 42' 21.18" .0123197
22 8° 10' 54.54" .1423148 139 1° 17' 41.87" .0225994 256 42' 11.25" .0122715
23 7° 49' 33.91" .1361666 140 1° 17' 8.57" .0224380 257 42' 1.40" .0122238
24 7° 30' .1305262 141 1° 16' 35.74" .0222789 258 41' 51.63 .0121764
25 7° 12' .1253332 142 1° 16' 3.38" .0221220 259 41' 41.93" .0121294
26 6° 55' 23.07" .1205366 143 1° 15' 31.46" .0219673 260 41' 32.31' .0120827
27 6° 40' .1160929 144 1° 15' .0218148 261 41' 22.76" .0120364
28 6° 25' 42.85" .1119644 145 1° 14' 28.96" .0216644 262 41' 13.28" .0119905
29 6° 12' 24.82" .1081189 146 1° 13' 58.35" .0215160 263 41' 3.88" .0119449
30 6° .1045284 147 1° 13' 28.16" .0213697 264 40' 54.54" .0118997
31 5° 48' 23.22" .1011683 148 1° 12' 58.37" .0212253 265 40' 45.28" .0118548
32 5° 37' 30" .0980171 149 1° 12 28.99" .0210829 266 40' 36.09 .0118102
33 5° 27' 16.36" .0950560 150 1° 12' .0209424 267 40' 26.%" .0117660
34 5° 17' 38.82" .0922683 151 1° 11' 31.39" .0208037 268 40' 1Z.91" .0117221
35 5° 8' 34.28" .0896392 152 1° 11' 3.15" .0206668 269 40' 8.93" .0116786
36 5° .0871557 153 1° 10' 35.29" .0205318 270 40' .0116353
37 4° 51' 53.51" .0848058 154 1° 10' 7.79" .0203985 271 39' 51.14" .0115923
38 4° 44' 12.63" .0825793 155 1° 9' 40.64" .0202669 272 39' 42.35" .0115497
39 4° 36' 55.38" .0804665 156 1° 9' 13.84" .0201370 273 39' 33.63" .0115074
40 4° 30' .0784591 157 1° 8' 47.38" .0200087 274 39' 24.96" .0114654
41 4° 23' 24.87" .0765492 158 1° 8 21.26" .0198821 275 39' 16.36" .0114237
42 4° 17' 8.57" .0747301 159 1° 7 55.47" .0197571 276 39' 7.83" .0113823
43 4° 11' 9.76" .0729952 160 1° 7 30" .
.0196336 277 38' 59.35" .0113412
44 4° 5' 27.27" .0713391 161 1° 7 4.84" .0195117 278 38' 50.94" .0113004
45 4° .0697565 162 1° 6 40" .0193913 279 38' 42.58" .0112599
46 3° 54' 46.95" .0682423 163 1° 6' 15.46" .0192723 280 38' 34.28" .0112197
47 3° 49' 47.23" .0667926 164 1° 5' 51.21" .0191548 281 38' 26.05" .0111798
48 3° 45' .0654031 165 1° 5' 27.27" .0190387 282 38' 17.87" .0111401
49 3° 40' 24.49" .0640702 166 1° 5 3.61" .0189241 283 38' 9.75" .0111008
50 3° 36' .0627905 167 1° 4 40.23" .0188107 284 38' 1.69" .0110617
51 3° 31' 45.88" .0615609 168 1° 4' 17.14" .0186988 285 37' 53.68" .01102*')
52 3° 27' 41.53" .0603784 169 1° 3' 54.31" .0185881 286 37' 45.73" .0109844
53 3° 23' 46.41" .0592405 170 1° 3 31.76" .0184788 287 37' 37.84" .0109461
54 .3° 20' .0581448 171 1° 3' 9.47" .0183708 288 37' 30" .0109081
55 3° 16' 21.81" .0570887 172 1° 2' 47.44" .0182640 289 37' 22.21' .0108704
56 3° 12' 51.42" .0560704 173 1° 2' 25.66" .0181584 290 37' 14.48' .0108329
57 3° 9' 28.42" .0550877 174 1° 2' 4.13" .0180541 291 37' 6.80' .0107957
58 3° 6' 12.41" .0541388 175 1° 1' 42.85" .0179509 292 36' 59.18* .0107587
59 3° 3' 3.05" .0532221 176 1° 1' 21.81" .0178489 293 36' 51.60* .0107220
60 3° .0523360 177 1° 1' 1.01" .0177481 294 36' 44.08" .0106855
61 2° 57' 2.95" .0514787 178 1° 40.44" .0176484 295 36' 36.61' .0106493
62 2° 54' 11.61" .0506491 179 1° 20.11" .0175498 296 36' 29.19" .0106133
2° 1° .0174524 297 '36' 21.82"
63 51' 25.71" .0498458 180 .0105776
64 2° 48' 45" .0490676 181 59 ' 40.11" .0173559 298 36' ,
14.50" .0105421
65 2° 46' 9.23" .0483133 182 59' 20.43" .0172605 299 36' 7.22" .0105068
66 2° 43' 38.18" .0475819 183 59' 0.98" .0171663 300 36' .0104718
67 2° 41' 11.64" .0468722 184 58' 41.73" .0170730 301 35' 52.82" .0104370
68 2° 38' 49.41" .0461834 185 58' 22.70" .0169807 302 35' 45.69" . .0104024
69 2° 36' 31.30" .0455145 186 58' 3.87" .0168894 303 35' 38.61" .0103681
70 2° 34' 17.14" .0448648 187 57' 45.24" .0167991 304 35' 31.58" .0103340
71 2° 32' 6.76" .0442333 188 57 ' 26.30" .0167097 305 35' 24.59" .0103001
72 2° 30' .0436194 189 57' 8.57" .0166214 306 35' 17.65" .0102665
2° 56' 50.62" .0165339 307 35' 10.75" .0102330
73 27' 56.71" .0430222 190
2° 56' 32.67" .0164473 308 35' 3.90" .0101998
74 25' 56.75" .0424411 191
2° 56' 15" .0163617 309 34' 57.09" .0101668
75 24' .0418757 192
2° 22' 6.31" .0413249 55' 57.51" .0162769 310 34' 50.32" .0101340
76 193
2° 20' 15.58" .0407885 194 55' 40.20" .0161930 311 34' 43.60" .0101014
2° 18' 27.69" .0402659 195 55' 23.07" .0161100 312 34' 36.92" .0100690
2° 16' 42.53" .0397575 196 55' 6.12" .0)60278 313 34' 30.29" .0100368
54' 49.34" .0159464 314 34' 23.69' .0100049
80 2° 15' .0392598 197
2° 20" .0387753 54' 32.82" .0158659 315 34' 17.14' .0099731
81 13' 198
2° .0383027 54' 16.28" .0157862 316 34' 10.63" .0099415
82 11' 42.45" 199
2° 7.22" .0378414 54' .0157073 317 34' 4.16" .0099102
83 10' 200
53' 43.88" .0156294 318 33' 57.74" .0098791
84 2° 8' 34.28" .0373911 201
2° .0369515 53' 27.92" .0155518 319 33' .51.35' .0098482
85 7' 3.54" 202
53' 12.12" .0154752 320 33' 45' .0098174
86 2° 5' 34.88" .0365220 203
52' 56.47" .0153993 321 33' 38.69" .0097868
87 2° 4' 8.27" .0361023 204
2° .0356923 52' 40.97" .0153242 322 33' 32.42" .0097564
88 4' 43.63" 205
2° .0352914 52' 25.63" .0152498 323 33' 26.19" .0097261
89 1' 20.89" 206
52' 10.44" .0151764 324 33' 20" .0096961
90 2° .0348995 207
1° .0345160 51' 55.38" .0151033 325 33' 13.85' .0096663
91 58' 40.87" 208
51' 40.48" .0150310 326 33' 7.73" .0096367
92 1° 57' 23.47" 0341410 209
51' 25.71" .0149595 327 33' 1.65' .0096072
93 1° 56' 7.74" .0337741 210
.0334149 51' 11.09" .0148886 328 32' 55.61' .0095779
94 1° 54' 53.61" 211
50' 56.60" .0148183 329 32' 49.60" .0095488
95 1° 53' 41.05" .0330633 212
50' 42.25" .0147487 330 32' 43.64' .0095198
96 1° 52' 30" .0327190 213
50' 28.04" .0146798 331 32' 37.70" .0094911
97 1° 51' 20.41" .0323818 214
50' 13.96" .0146115 332 32' 31.81' .0094625
98 1° 50' 12.24" .0320515 215

No. No. In chapter IX and then in order "Standard
Sides. Angle. Sine. Sides. Angle. Sine.
Times and Bonuses" and "What the Efficiency
343 32' 25.95" .0094341 451 23' 56.81" .0069658
334 32' 20.12" ,0094059 452 23' 53.63" .0069504 System May Accomplish."
435 32' 14.33' .0093778 453 23' 50.46" .0069351 A STUDY OF THE OPEN HEARTH— Published
336 32' 8.57" .0093499 454 23' 47.31' .0069198
.0093221 455 23' 44.17" .0069046 by the Harbison-Walker Refractories Company.
337 32' 2.85*
338 31' 57.16' .0092945 456 23' 41.05" .0068894 Pittsburgh, Pa. 91 pages, 5x8 ins. Flexible
339 31' 51.50' .0092671 457 23' 37.94" .0068744 leather binding. For sale by R. S. Davis &
340 31' 45.88* . 0092398 458 23' 34.84" .0068594
31' .0092127 459 23' 31.76" .0068444 Co., Pittsburgh, Price $1.
341 40.29"
342 31' 34.74* .0091868 460 23' 28.69" .0068295 This book is a result of a study of the open
31' 29.21* .0091590 461 23' 25.64 .0068147
343 hearth steel furnaces for the use of the operat-
344 31' 23.72* .0091324 462 23' 22.60" .0067999
31' 18.26* .0091059 463 23' 19.57" .0067852 ing department and is unique as no author's
346 31' 12.83* .0090796 464 23' 16.55" .0067706 name is given nor does the name of the com-
34/ 31' 7.44* .0090534 465 23' 13.55" .0067561
466 23' 10.56" .0067416 pany appear except on the cover. Neither are
348 31' 2.07* .0090274
349 30' 56.73* .0090016 467 23' 7.58" .0067272 there any advertisements. The reason for the
350 30 51.43' .0089758 468 23' 4.61" .0067128 book appearing in its present form was because
351 30' 46.15' .0089502 469 23' 1.66" .0066985
.0089248 470 22' 58.72" .0066842 of the interest shown in the data gathered to-
352 30' 40.91'
353 30' 35.69" .0088996 471 22' 55.79" .0066700 gether by a number of open hearth superinten-
30" 30.51' .0088744 472 22' 52.88" .0066559
354 dents. The book presents in a concise form the
30' 25.35" .0088494 473 22' 49.98" .0066418
355 principles the manufacture of open
involved in
356 30' 20.22" .0088245 474 22' 47.09" .0066278
30' 15.12" .0087998 475 22' 44.21" .0066138 hearth steel, and
should be of interest to
30' 10.05" .0087753 476 22" 41.34" .0065999
358 iron and steel men generally. Detailed descrip-
359 30' 5.01' .0087508 477 22' 38.49" .0065861
30' .0087265 478 22' 35.65" .0065723 tions of the construction and operation of these
29< 55.01" .0087023 479 22' 32.82" .0065685 furnaces are given in simple language t at can
29- 50.05" .0086783 480 22' 30" .0065449
362 be readily understood by one familiar with no
29' 45.12" .0086544 481 22' 27.20" .0065313
364 29' 40.22" .0086306 482 22' 24.40" .0065178 more than the most elementary principles of
29' 35.34" .0086070 483 22' 21.61" .0065043 chemistry and metallurgy.
29' 30.49" .0085835 484 22' 18.84" .0064909
366 Practical instructions are given for building
29' 25.67" .0085601 485 22' 16.08" .0064775
29' 20.87" .0085368 486 22' 13.33" .0064641 the hearths and bottoms, front and back walls,
29* 16.10" .0085137 487 22' 10.59" .0064509
bulk heads, ports, regenerators, etc., while the
29' 11.35" .0084907 488 7.87" .0064377
370 various materials for the bottoms {acid, neutral
29' 6.63" .0084678 489 22' 5.16" .0064245
29' 1.94" .0084451 490 22' 2.45" .0064114 and basic), are discussed at length. One chap-
28' 57.27" .0084224 491 21' 59.75" .0063983
373 ter is devoted to fuels, including natural, arti-
28' 52.62" .0083999 492 21' 57.07" .0063853
375 28' 48" .0083775 493 21' 54.40" .0C 63723 ficial and producer gas and oil. Simple meth-
28' 43.40" .0083552 494 21' 51.74" .0063594 ods of estimating charges for both basic and
28' 38.83" .0083331 495 21' 49.09" .0063466
377 acid open-hearth furnaces are given, and these
28' 34.28" .0083110 496 21' 46.45" .00633J8
28' 29.76" .0082891 497 21' 43.82" .0063211 should prove of the utmost value to both shop
28' 25.26" .0082673 498 21' 41.20" .0063084
380 superintendents and rnelters. Tne elimination of
28' 20.78" .0082456 499 21' 38.59" .0062957
381 impurities during and after melting is explained
28' 16.33" .0082240 500 21' 36" .0062831
383 28' 11.91" .0082025 in detail, and also recarburization, melting,
384 28' 7.50" .0081812 method of charging, removal of slag, etc. The
385 28'
BOOK REVIEWS. special processes such as the Talbot, Monell.
387 27' 54.42" .0081177 METAL SPINNING—By Fred. D. Crawshaw, M. Bertrand-Thiel and the duplex are briefly de-
27' 50.10" .0080968 College of Engineering.
388 E., Assistant Dean. scribed.
27' 45.81" .0080760
390 27' 41.54" .0080553 University of Illinois, Popular Mechanics Co., MECHANICAL WORLD POCKET BOOK—Pub-
391 27' 37.29" .0080347 Chicago, 111. Cloth, 5x7 ins. 74 pages, illus-
; lished by Emmott & Co.. 65 King St.. Man-
27' 33.06" .0080142
trations. Price 25 cents. chester, Eng. 390 pages, 4x6 ins., illustrated.
393 27' 28.85"
27' 24.67" .0079735 This is the only book on the subject, Metal Price 6d or 12 cents. Postpaid 16 cents.
395 27' 20.51" .0079533 Spinning, a very old art handed down from In this, the twenty-third annual issue, numer-
27' 16.36" .0079322
.0079132 generation to generation without the medium of ous improvements have been effected and a con-
397 27' 12.24"
398 27' 8.14" .0078934 the printed page. It is a working manual of siderable amount of new matter introduced. The
27' 4.06" .0078736 instructions whicii is concise, yet com-
399 explicit section on Gas Engines has been thoroughly re-
27' .0078534
400 plete and r.dapted to the use of man/ual train- vised by W. A. Tookey, and the same author
26' 55.96" .0078343
402 26' 51.94" .0078148 ing and industrial schools, as well as those who has supplied an entirely new section, on Oil En-
26' 47.94" .0077954
403 desire to spin metal as an art recreation or to gines, including notes on Crude Oil Engines.
26' 43.96" .0077761
404 follow this work as a trade. Some condensed notes on the Design of Centri-
26' 40" .0077569
406 26' 36.06" .0077378 EFFICIENCY AS A BASIS FOR OPERATION fugal Pumps have been contributed by B. M.
32.14" .0077188
407 26'
26' 28.23" .0076999
AND WAGES—By Harrington Emerson. Pub- Woodhouse, and a new section on Ball Bearings
409 26' 24.35" .0076811 lished by the Eogineering Magazine, New York. has been included. Among other additions are
410 26'
Ill pages, cloth bound, 5 x 7J ins. Price $2. the following :
— Dimensions
Marine Boilers of :

411 The book is a result of a series of articles by Tapers and Angles Change Wheels for Cutting
26' 12.82" .0076251 :

413 26' 9.01" .0076067 Mr. Emerson published in the Engineering Ma- Metric Pitches Hobs for Cutting Involute

26' 5.22" .0075883

414 gazine. These are now issued in book form. In Gears Dimensions of Ring-oiled Bearings Notes
: ;
26' 1.45" .0075700
415 the early chapters he points out typical ineffi- on Double Helical Gears, Bevel, Spiral, and
25' 57.70" .0075518
417 25' 53.96" .0075337 ciencies in production and discusses the strength Worm Gears Emery Wheel Speeds etc. Va-
; ;

25' 50.24" .0075157

and weakness of existing systems of organiza- rious other tables and data have been introduc-
419 25' 46.54"
25' 42.86" .0074799 tion. Five general chapters covering the above ed and the work revised generally. The publish-
25' 39.19" .0074621 ground are followed by a chapter on "The Re- ers are to be commended upon their continued
25' 35.54" .0074444
25' 31.91" .0074268 alization Standards in Practice." Some de-
of enterprise.
424 25' 28.30" .0074093 tails are of the method
given employed in BRITISH TRADE IN CANADA— By Herbert J.
25' 24.70" .0073919 standardizing as to time and cost, the tasks in Rodger, "Canada," Newspaper
425 published by
25' 21.12" .0073745
426 a shop employing 2,000 men, each doing an Co., 34 Norfolk St., Strand. London. Eng. 72
25' 17.56" .0073573
428 25' 14.02" .0073401 average of four different jobs each day, a diagram pages. 4£ x 6 ins., illustrated. Price, one shil-
25' 10.49" .0073230
6.98" .0073059
is made illustrating graphically the effect on ling.
430 costs and profits of an increased output due to The book is a result of a business through trip
25' 3.48" .0072890
25' .0072721 staff stimulus and bonus to the line. In chap- Canada in 1908, by Mr. Rodger and
432 a reprint is
24' 56.54* .0072553
.0072385 ter VII on "The Modern Theory of Cost Ac- of thirteen articles contributed to Canada. His
434 24' 53.09"
24' 49.66* .0072220 counting" the author differentiates cost ac- report covers every line of British goods and
24' 46.24" .C072054 counting from the work of the efficiency en- manufactures for which there is a market in
24' 42.84" .0071889
24' 39.45" .0071725 gineer, which is to establish standards, ascer- Canada. Among the subjects treated are Alu-
439 24' 36.08" .007156'. tain current efficiency and provide remedies minium Goods. Machinery, Electrical Goods,
24' 32.73" .0071399
440 which will bring low efficiency up to 100 per Metals and Manufactures of Metals, Metals in
24' 29.39" .0071237
441 cent. Emphasis iB put on the co-operation of Raw State. Bolts and Nuts. Packing, etc. The
442 24' 26.06" .0071076
443 24' 22.75" .007C916 the comptroller and the efficiency engineer. In subjects include also railway and shipping facil-
24' 19.46" .0070756
444 chapter VIII "The Location and Elimination of ities, catalogues, cost of traveling, advertising,
445 24' 16.18* .0070597
24' 12.91* .0070439 Wastes " are discussed, and some examples are etc. The work should be of great practical va-
447 24' 9.66" .0070281 given of wide variations in costs in different es- lue to the British manufacturer looking to the
448 24' 6.43" .0070124
24' 3.21*
tablishments engaged in the same line of work. Canadian market to extend the sale of his out-
449 .0069968
450 24' .0069813 An efficiency system in operation is described put.

— —

Some Pertinent Paragraphs Selected From Our Exchanges

Many Useful Ideas Given in a Paragraph — Abstracts of Im-
portant Subjects Being Treated in the Technical Publications.

System in the Twentieth Century. tem is in vogue in regard to tools and Get next and don't lose your grip.
The old way for a workman to get their uses seem to get the work done American Shoemaking.
the big traveling crane, by going out in with less friction and less loss of time
Watch the Iron Prices.
the runway, waving his arms like a than is the case in those shops where
The foundryman who has an absolute
windmill and yelling until he was hoarse no card system exists. The card sys-
control over his mixtures, following up
at the sleepy crane operator two or tem that we refer to implies a syste-
each detail and studying the market
three hundred feet away, has all been matic method of numbering the pieces
carefully, is able to work in a consid-
done away with, and now the workman of work that may pass through the
erable tonnage of off grades of iron,
presses one of the buttons set at con- hands of the workmen. The number of
including malleable, Bessemer and var-
venient distances along the shop run- operations in their order, the number
ious other grades which at times can
way, a red light is flashed in plain view of tools required and their specific
be picked up at a special price. As the
of the crane man and, unless already markings, are set down, to which in a
price of foundry iron has a tendency to
employed, he at once runs his crane to general way the average time taken in
increase, the tonnage of this class of
where it is needed. Then, too, there is the operations may be added. The
iron by foundrymen generally
mere matter of storing the tools must
a messenger system in use that obviates increases.This in turn serves to pre-
the necessity of a machinist leaving his necessarilyremain an open question
vent the price of foundry iron from
which will readily be solved by the in-
work to get a new jig or tool, as he
telligent foreman and superintendent to
soaring unduly high. Castings. —
has only to press a button close to his
machine and an annunciator near the suit the requirements of the situation- The Devil of Debt.
tool room indicates to a waiting mes-
Railway and Locomotive Engineering. The devil of debt seems to be on the
senger boy where he is wanted, as all heels of almost everybody. The clerk,
To Furnish Apprentices.
machines are numbered; he then goes at he's in debt. The bookkeeper's in debt.
once and finds out what is wanted, gets "Canadian Machinery" devotes two Ditto the typewriter. Same wHth the
it for the man and returns to his place pages to Hamilton Technical School porter and drayman. As to the superin-

ready for another call. Machinery. with one page of illustrations. It re- tendent, he can't remember when he
gards the school as likely to furnish ap- wasn't. The office boy would be in debt
Making a Skilled Mechanic.
prentices for many of Hamilton's great if anybody would trust him. And all
The best way to obtain skilled labor manufacturing industries. —
Hamilton of them complaining and acknowledg-
is to make. it. Times. ing the miserableness of their condi-
This is the conclusion that the C.P.R. tion.
has reached after trying various me- The Designer and Shop Costs. Debt is a mortgage on your salary.
thods and watching how the corpora- Inefficiency in the operation of ma- Debt is a monument to a young
tions get their supply. It has further- chines, while not always readily dis- man's weakness, a grown man's folly
more determined that the making of it cernible, can be detected by experiment- and an old man's failure in the univer-
shall be thorough. ing with different methods, without sity of life.

It is said that although some rail- adding much to the cost of production, Debt is discounting to-morrow's lib-
ways and industrial firms which have even temporarily. Losses arising from erty for to-day's good time.
entered upon elaborate schemes for the badly arranged buildings and machines Debt is a quitclaim to your wife's
training of apprentices, the educational can be detected by close observation of confidence, your children's ambitions
schemes, with one or two exceptions, daily operations, and the cost of pro- and your own self respect.
lack continuity. They leave off where viding better facilities, as well as the Debt is a guaranteed insurance policy
they practically should commence, and saving to be expected by their use, can against happiness.
the apprentice or employe 'is turned out be within narrow limits.
ascertained "Then what are we going to do ?"
after a partial training and left to his Southern Machinery. say a chorus of yoiing fellows and busi-
own resources. ness men and aspiring women and lab-
The question of the "Making of a Get Next and Keep Near Your Em- orers and clerks and managers and
Skilled Mechanic" is discussed in an ployes. street car conductors and hundreds
article in Canadian Machinery, by Mr. more.
Are you an employer of men ? Get
F. D. Wilkes, B.Sc.who takes as
C. Do without
his object lesson the scheme of the

near them keep next. No man who It will

take some backbone. It will

cannot get next and then keep next can take some genuine courage.
('. P. R. for obtaining skilled labor-
control men successfully to the end of But you'll be able to hold your head
Montreal Herald.
eternal welfare and the permanent suc-
The Boss's Shadow. cess of an industry.

up and that's more than you can do
now, and you know it. You won't
A business demands the entire time
"I keep my employes in their place have palpitation of the heart when the
ami attention of the proprietor or man- during the work day. After hours they postman blows his whistle, and you.

ager. A word, a friendly nod goes a

are my friends," said a wise old fellow won't tremble every time the boss asks
long way. An old mechanic once said, who always had an open mind for a new you to come into the front office.
The boss's shadow is worth $5 every
or better idea. It keeps up a mutual Neither will you be ashamed to have
time it falls across the job.—Men's
interest that makes for harmony and your stenographer open your mail.
Wear. the absence of friction. We may be Because you'll be working to-day for
Tool Rooms and the Care of Tools. wrong, but it is our idea that "the ab- to-morrow's satisfaction, and not to
The has
fact grown upon us that sence of friction is a b'ig factor in a make good on account of yesterday's
those shops where a thorough card sys- profitable business. extravagance. —Pittsburg Press.

Unique Ways of Doing Things in the Machine Shop. Readers' Opinions
Concerning Shop Practice. Data for Machinists. Contributions paid for.

MILLING ON A PLANER. the superintendent, of the machine de- By M. E. D.

By K. Campbell. partment. The holder A is made of By K. Campbell.
machinery steel with the end slotted
Mr. Stevens of the Stevens Co., Gait,
Ont., has in use in the machine depart-
ment a milling machine which he con-
structed under his supervision. Since
am A
simple arrangement for holding
has resulted in a saving in drill
accounts in the shops of the Stevens
Co., Gait. An iron plate about 1-inch
then several have been made for other thick is used, it being drilled to hold
companies, the original one being shown various size drills. Formerly long drills
in the illustrations herewith. used to be taken and used for all work
Fig. 1 shows the machine at work but with the arrangement illustrated a
and Fig. 2 shows the driving mechan- workman finds it just as handy to take
ism. A piece of work is on the planer, An End Mill. short drills and use them for work
and the illustrations the miller is
in where short ones can t«e used.
shown at work, a large casting being for the cutter B, which is clamped with The drill plate contains two holes for
on the planer. The belt shown in Fig. an ordinary f-inch cap screw C. The each of the larger size drills and four
2 connects with an overhead, and power cutters are made from high speed steel holes for the smaller sizes. The holes

Fig. 1.— Milling Machine Milling on a Planer. Fig. -Driving Mechanism ot Milling Machine and Planer.

is taken to the miller by the belt blades of cutting-off tools, the top or are drilled the exact size of the drill

shown in Fig. 1. The machine is fast- widest part D being used as the back and when the machine hand is finished
ened to the planer head and is under when in the holder. These are used on
full control of the planer operator.
has been found that -with the miller,
work can be accomplished in a short
It steel and brass with a cutting face up
to 2J inches. §g go 0^0,0
time that formerly took hours to do.
By K.
Under this heading it was stated that
F. A. Rodgers devised the device shown
on page 43 of the December issue of Plate
for Drills— Plate May be Drilled
O to Suit
Canadian Machinery by means of which Drills Used.

The accompanying cut is an end mill he turned out "25 in nine minutes."
used in the works of Smart-Turner This should have read "25 in nine hours," with a drill he returns it to the plate.
Co., Hamilton, manufacturers of which meant a great saving over the old The plate is handily situated on a
pumps, cranes, etc., and designed by method. small stand beside the drill.

AUTOMATIC RELIEVING FRICTION pull. Should the torque transmitted paint as the application of relatively
CLUTCH. tend to exceed the capacity of the hard coats over relatively soft coats.
By C. J. Fensom.* springs, the springs will yield, thus al- This is an observation which should be

The friction clutch shown lowing the end friction plate "E" to kept in mind not only in the painting
in the il-
lustration was designed to drive a piece turn slightly in relation to the driving of metals, but in all painting. That the
of heavy, slow running machinery which casing "F." This motion allows the priming coat should have the power to
was liable to become "jammed" at any end friction plate (B) to screw back adhere tenaciously to the surface is self-
moment. The arrangement of the ma- until the pressure between the friction evident.
chine would not permit of the use of a surfaces of clutch is reduced to such an
The pigment constituents of a protec-
belt and it was feared that the ordin- amount as to just allow a driving force
; tive paint should be inhibitive of cor-
ary form of clutch, 'if made powerful to be exerted corresponding to the rosion. This means that it should tend
enough to drive when the friction sur- strength of the driving springs.
to give passivity to the particles of the
faces were smooth and oily and when This clutch can be made "reversible." iron itself—should by its nature tend to
the adjustment was slack, would be of It could be used, without hand operat- prevent that activity of molecules which
little use as a relieving coupling at ing mechanism, as a relieving coupling we have described as galvanic and
times when the adjustment was slack in cases where the ordinary form of which causes corrosion.
and the surfaces rough through disuse. clutch would Taccome in-operative A protective paint should be a non-
The design of the shown is
clutch through periods of disuse and conse- conductor of electricity. The corrosion
such that it can only transmit power quent "freezing together" of friction of iron and steel being the result of a
up to a definite pre-arranged maximum surfaces. galvanic action, it is necessary not only


Automatic Relieving Friction^ Clutch.

torque, regardless of the condition of PAINT FOR METAL SURFACES. to put on a paint which will be inhibi-
the friction surfaces. This means that By O. C. Ham. tive —that is, keep out those influences
the driving motor, or the machinery which will set up the galvanic action in
Regarding preservative coatings for
driven, cannot be subjected to an un-
iron and steel, we find it necessary to —
the iron itself but it is supremely ne-
due strain when the machinery is start- point out that a paint which may be a cessary also to bar the way to stray
ed against a heavy inertia load, or good paint for the under coats may electric currents from the outside. In
should a "jam" occur. prove to be an undesirable paint for these days, when electrically charged
The clutch is operated l«y hand in the the outer or finishing coats, and vice wires run everywhere, under the streets,
ordinary way. A motion
the sleeve
of versa. We will call the paint which is
overhead and through all buildings, the
"A" causes the four compressing bolts to go next to the metal the "protec-
leakage of electric currents is an every
"B" to act on the end friction disc tive paint," and the paint which comes day problem. The real solution of the

"C," thus relieving or pressing to- outside the "finishing paint." The fin-
problem would seem to be to confine
gether the four pairs of friction sur- ishing paint should be, in reality, a these electric currents where they belong
faces. "protective paint" also, but, for clear- instead of allowing them to run riot

The principle of the special regulating ness in discussion, it is necessary *we among neighboring property. Motives
make a distinction. of economy itself will doubtless some
feature of the is as follows
clutch : should
When action the torque
the clutch is in The protective paint should measure day lead the owners .of the runaway
electricity to correct this evil them-
b transmitted through the medium of up to the following :

the heavy driving springs "D," which It should form a hard, adherent found- selves, but until that day arrives we
are set to yield at a certain definite ation for subsequent coats. There is must do our best to protect our pro-
nothing else which tends so much to the perty against currents which are runn-
• Consuming Engineer, Toronto. cracking, checking and alligatoring of ing amuck.


DEVICE FOR DRAWING OVOIDS. vice if made flat and of the right height collar on A (screws not shown) . H is

By J. O. Brouillet. to carry tools or tool holder. the spring which holds the tool B with-
The cleats on the bottom are shaper- in the holder body A and strips the
The instrument illustrated herewith ed to fit the rest, while the set screw collar G down, after the work is done.
can readily be made by any handy man, When are together the
on the lug at the back is adjusted to the faces I I I I
and will enable him to draw ellipses of the tool after it is set. work is done.
various sizes and ovo'ids as well. It The tool B was also fitted to bear on
consists of a sheet-metal piece A, in K
AN ADJUSTABLE INSIDE FACILG to prevent the quick wearing on the
TOOL FOR THE DRILL PRESS pin C. It will be noticed that the tool
holder on the lower end is not cut
By Charles Eisler.
through so as to make it more solid.
The cut shows in section a facing tool The tool was used on brass, but there
for inside work on the drill press. The is no reason why it should not work or,
operation on this work was always other materials.— American Machinist.
made in a lathe where it required a
The heating of factories, machine-
shops, roundhouses and other buildings
having large doors is seriously retarded
Device for Drawing Ovoids. by the leakage of volumes of cold air in
over the doors at the top. The ordinary
which two slots are cut crossing each large sliding or swinging door almost
other at right angles. A lever B is pro- invariably bulges at the top, making a
vided with two blocks C and D, adapt- a crack of considerable width through
ed respectively to slide in the slots. A which the cold air blows in greater 01
lever F, which is fulcrumed at the less volume according to the exposure
centre of the plate A, is connected by and the velocity of the gale.
means of a lever G with the end of the Dining the past few years the heat-
lever B. A pencil may be fitted through ing of large shops and roundhouses has
a hole in the lever B, and as this is re-
volved around the plate A, it will trace
an oval or elliptical line. At the same
time a pencil in the lever G will trace
an ovoid, as indicated in the drawing.
Scientific American.


By Robt. Buchanan.
The accompanying sketch shows a
tool-post plate to be used when boring

A >s.i

An Inside Facing Tool.

skilledman. A man with very little

skillcan do the same job with greater
output now.
A is the body of the tool holder (a
round piece of tool steel) in which a
slot was made for the facing tool B.
Tool Post Plate. C is the pivot pin. D is an adjusting
screw. After the tool B is ground it
jn the lathe to prevent the tool from can be adjusted to the required size. F KOOO JO 3*11 401
swinging round. It may be made to is also adjustable to prevent the tool
going too Ar.oy. f: is
use the wedge or will give better ser- a sliding stop Shop Door Closing Device.
- 40
received a great deal of attention, and
no modern structure is considered com-
Figs. 1, 2 and 3 illustrate a cutting-off DRAWING OF V-THREADS.
tool for rapidly cutting to the same
plete without adequate means of heat- By Joseph Weaner.
ing. The old idea that the men should
length rods and pins. The tool A is
I found the drawing of V-threads to be
reciprocated by the lever B working on
keep warm by hustling has been general- very trying until I thought of the fol-
the fulcrum C. D is a stop for the lever
ly discarded, and now every up-to-date lowing scheme which makes this work
factory manager realizes the importance
B in the back position. The stock is in- much easier. The idea is as follows : File
of providing as nearly as possible a
uniform, comfortable temperature in all
workrooms. The cost of heating large
buildings in northern latitudes
is a heavy
item,and practical means that will shut
out the cold air where it should not
enter, merit attention.
Realizing the serious loss that results
from bulging doors in railway shops as
well as in other works having large
doors, through the lack of close fit at Fin. Fio. 2

the top, J. C. Hassett, technical instruc-

tor of apprentices of the Erie Railroad,
Meadville, Pa., has devised the shop-
Fio. «.
door closing davice, illustrated herewith,
in which the 'action of the device and
the details of the
component parts are

The arrangement provides means by

which the door is clamped and forced
o Corrwc-orr Tool..— Fio. 3. Fw. 8.

solidly against the jamb at the top by serted through a loose bushing E, which a number of 60-degree notches in the
means of the curved piece A, which is may be changed for different sizes. The inner edge of the triangle, as shown in
worked by a connection and lever con- adjustable gauge F fixes the length. We the illustration, for different thread
veniently located on the door. The con- used the tool in a small single gear hol- pitches. Make the top width x equal to
necting rod may be of any length re- low mandrel lathe, and the shank G was 1 divided by the number of threads per
quired to suit the door height. Machin- — held in the toolpost provided for the
ery. hand rest. The wire was drawn forward
each time against the stop F, after re-
HANDY BENCH TOOL. leasing the chueh. The chuck was then
tightened and the parting off rapidly
By F. B. Kennedy.
done by means of the tool and lever des-
The accompanying sketch shows a cribed.
very handy tool suited for all mechanics
Fig. 4 shows a simple centreing tool
who find it necessary to snip small
pieces of cottars,
used hi conjunction with the above. It Drawing V Threads.
rivets, etc. It will
cut with a clean fracture up to 5-16 or was made to drill exactly central, and
inch, and leave a small point A to stop
i inch soft steel or brass wire.
all to same depth, some thousands
the pencil. To use the triangle, place
The plunger should be made a good of small steel dies. The stock was held
the pencil against the left side of the
fit for the barrel and cupped out as in the chuck of the lathe, and the tool
notch and run it down that side and up
shown, but not too sharp an edge. The was held by the shank S in a lathe car-
the other to the stop; then move the
triangle to the right until the pencil

VZZEZZWZ2 is again against the left side. By re-

peating this operation as many times
\7 as is required, a uniform thread can be
-©- rapidly drawn. Another sugestion for
draftsmen is to have a 12-inch scale
fastened to the T-square as shown at B.

Handy Bench Tool.

w This is also a time-saver, as the scale is
in a position
for use.
— Machinery.
it is always ready

holes may be bored' of course, to suit rier, and was brought up by means of According to a writer in the Scientific
the convenience of the worker and good the back centre. The aperture T, of American, a very handy tool can be
steel should be used for the whole tool. course, exactly fitted he stock. After it
made from an old pair of scissors or
drilling they were parted off with the
shears by cutting one blade with a set
of saw teeth inclined toward the handle.
A CUTTING-OFF TOOL. tool described above.
These teeth hold the material fast,
By A. Strong. Figs. 5 and 6 show the articles we had and prevent it slipping toward the
The accomnaying sketches illustrate to produce in some thousands, and in point of the shears. Rubber sheeting,
a couple of tools we have found to be the rapid production of which- thesie strips, and all kinds of soft packing can
very handy. Perhaps they are not new, tools assisted not a little. —Mechanical be easily cut with square or inclined
but I have not seen them before. World. ends.
New Machinery for Machine Shop, Foundry, Pattern Shop, Planing
Mill ; New Engines, Boilers, Electrical Machinery, Transmission Devices.

SHELDON'S IMPROVED RE VERS- powdered coal into rotary kilns or other shown in Tig. 1. Fig. 2 shows the
IBLE EXHAUSTER. furnaces, ventilating toilet rooms in spindle -which, through the reverse turn-
Herewith are illustrated Sheldon's public buildings, etc. They are prac- bier, drives the stud gear shaft M. On
new reversible type medium blowers tically noiseless], even at very high this is bevel gear A that meshes with
and exhausters. These fans are reversi- speeds. pinion B driving shaft R and worm C.

Fig. 2.— Reversible Exhauster, Bolted to Wall or Post. Discharging Downward.

Kig. 1.—Medium Exhauster (Reversible Type.)

ble and interchangeable and can be These exhausters are manufactured by These are supported by swinging bracket
bolted to the floor, wall, post or ceil- Sheldons, Gait, Ont. G pivoted about shaft M. To shaft S,
in the gear box, is splined a triple-worm
ing. The bolt holes around the side
CINCINNATI 16-INCH LATHE. wheel D E P, that pass constantly
openings are drilled to a template equal
distances apart and are alike on both The Cincinnati lathe is furnished with through oil held in a resevoir. Any one
the arm and circular an geared device having an unlimit-
all of these wheels may be shifted into
sides, therefore
range in addition to the quick- position under worm C by fork T, oper-
plate supporting the bearings can be ed
change gear lathe for cutting screws ated on outside of box. The rate of
removed and attached to the opposite
side of the fan, the inlet side plate be-
ing interchangeable, thus reversing the
hand of the fan.
The circular side plates referred to
are diameter than the fan
larger in
wheel so that the wheel can be removed
without taking the whole fan to pieces.
The bearings on these fans are self-
oiling and self-adjusting and are of the
ring oiling type, capable of continued
operation without undue attention.
Every wheel is carefully and accurate-
ly balanced before mounting and all
fans are tested before leaving the works.
The sizes of the wheels on these fans
are practically the same as on our
standard type medium exhausters and
the fans are specially adapted for
handling gritty dust, such as comes
from emery wheels, tumbling barrels,
rattlers, etc., which quickly cuts into
and destroys sheet steel.
They are adapted for the
removal of smoke from forge fires,
steam from cooking vats or kettles in
dye works, breweries, packing houses or
other factories, blowing coal dust or Fig. 3.— A Reversible Exhauster. Bolted to the Ceiling and Discharging Horizontally!.

speed changed at once by pulling out
is ing the use of the change gears also taincd to suit special cases by sliding
bolt then raising arm G and shifting
P furnished. gear W
on lead screw m
mesh with gear
to the worm wheel giving the desired Twenty-two additional changes rang- J, on feed rod, which is driven direct
feed. When engaging sliding gear I H ing from 5 to 64 per inch may be ob- from spindle. Lead screw is operated
only when required for actual thread-
ing. Lock bolt U and arm G are so
placed that the former prevents gear W
being thrown into mesh with J until G
is raised when it is impossible to en-
gage worm wheels.
Both Figs. 1 and 3 are furnished
with apron of box type construction,
chasing dial, automatic stop, plain or
compound rest, centre rest, follow rest,
large and small face plates, necessary
wrenches, self-oiling counter-
shaft, etc., either or extra
five step
wide three step cone with double back
gears, and the metric system if desired.
Taper attachment may be added to
equipment when wanted. Drawn-in at-
Fig. 1.— Cincinnati Lnthc With Three-Step Cone. tachment, oil pan, turret on carriage,
pail be furnished, and a lathe with six

with either J or K, on feed rod, permits

six changes instantly varying from 16 to
100 turns per inch, a range of

Fig. 2.—Diagram of Positive Feed.

feeds enough on any 16-inch lathe for

general manufacturing, without requir- Improved 16" Steptoe Shaper.

positive geared feeds by merely shifting

a lever using the regular or any special
change gears for screw cutting.
These lathes are manulactured by the
Cincinnati Lathe & Tool Co., Cin-


The principal feature connected with
the drive is in the fact that the motor
- stand is set on the baise of the machine,
thus avoiding any vibration when the
motor is running, and at the same time
it is as close to the. column of the
machine as it is possible to get it. It
takes up no more room than is actually
required for the return stroke of the ram.

Lathe With Instantaneous Change Gear. This was necessary on aceb'unt of the
Fig 3 -Cincinnati
fact that the machine was built for the i inch down, or as a drill press up to IRON FIRMS CONSOLIDATE.
I . S. Battleship, "Deleware," and as 1£ inch. Following the recent consolidations of
the space was limited, it became neces- The illustration shows the machine of various iron and steel industries under
sary to take only as small a space as arranged as a grinder. It is manufac- the head of the Canada Iron Corpora-
possible. The controller was placed on tured by the Lancashire Dynamo &
the top of the motor so that the oper-
tion,and the merger of twelve cement
Motor Co., 152-4 Bay St., Toronto.
ator would not be compelled to leave companies, comes the announcement of
his position to change the speed of the the consolidation of four large iron
machine. The motor was manufactured NEW BEVEL PROTRACTOR. working companies operating six mills
by the General Electric Co., and has a in various parts of Ontario, these being
This toolis of the same general de-
speed variation of 2:1.
sign as the Starrett No. 12 protractor,
the Toronto Bolt & Forging Co., Toronto,
The new feature on this machine is
with the additional feature of having the having bolt mills at Swansea (Toronto)
the self-adjusting feed rod. The table
can be either raised or lowered by the head extend both sides of the blade. This and Gananoque, and rolling mills at Sun-
operator, and the feed rod will adjust greatly improves the usefulness of the nyside (Toronto), the Brantford Screw
itself. The device is a very simple one, tool, as the same angles may be trans- Co.. Brantford, the Belleville Iron &

as it consists of a friction box through

which passes the feed rod of flat cold
rolled. The hooks on the end of the
friction box will pull out the rod or ot ' €
shorten it as the table is raised or low- ?! :,>.!,. 1.4-

ered by the operator. By means of this

device, the breakages are prevented
which are usually due to the table feed-
ing to the end of the cross-rail, and the
nut on the back of the apron striking
the end of the cross-rail. New Bevel Protractor.
The shaper is manufactured by the
.John Steptoe Shaper Co., Cincinnati,
Horseshoe Co., Belleville, and the Gan-
ferred from either side of the frame
Ohio. anoque Bolt Co., Gananoque.
without re-setting. Another improve-
ment that the turret is graduated to
is These four concerns have been con-
PORTABLE DRILL REAMER, ETC. read both ways from to 180 degrees. solidated under the name of the Canada
The portable machine, illustrated here- Mechanics will clearly appreciate this
with, is made with various attachments Bolt & Nut Co., Ltd., with headquart-
point, as direct readings may be had
ers at Toronto, and having a capital-
from the turret, indicating the supple-
ment of the angle, as well as the angle ization of $2,500,000. Lloyd Harris, M.
required. The fact that there is but one P., of the Brantford Screw Co., is to be
zero line on the frame eliminates all pos- president of the new company and
H. T.
sible chance of confusion as to whether Watson, who recently resigned as man-
acute or obtuse angles are obtained. ager of the Toronto Bolt & Forging Co.,
The head of this protractor is 7 inches in order to give his attention to bringing
long and is supplied with an accurate
about the present consolidation, is to be
level attached to one side as shown by
cut. The blades are hardened and gra- vice-president and general manager.
duated with heavy figures reading both George Glilies, president of the Toronto
Bolt & Forging Co., has disposed of his
interests and is retiring.

Further details of the consolidation

are not yet completed, but announce-
ment will be made as to the composition
of the board of directors after the next
meeting. The question of enlarging the
Swansea plant is also being considered.
but the main changes likely to be made
are the concentration of certain lines
of work in the different plants, there
being at present some duplication in this

When the shop surveyor proceeds to

Portable Drill, Reamer, Grinder, etc. remove a chip or spark from a sufferer's
eye, he generally employs a knife blade.

so that it can be used for numerous ways. The heads are made with fine If he would have the blade thoroughly

operations such as grinding, drilling, smooth finish. magnetized before beginning the opera-
reaming or as a tube expander or cut- These protractors are manufactured by tion it would often draw out the souroj
ter. It is made as a breast drill from
- L. S. Starrett Co., Athol, Mass. of. pain without touching the eye.

For Manufacturers. Cost and Efficiency Articles Rather Than Technical.
Steam Power Plants ; Hydro Electric Development ; Producer Gas, Etc.

A 10,500 H.P. IMPULSE WATER area of the orifice and the amount of HANDLING OILS AND TURPENTINE.
WHEEL. water discharged. The needles do not A convenient and practical means of
The illustration shows a 10,500 H.P. make a hollow stream, both are so shap- handling oils and turpentine has been
Impulse Water Wheel, which was built ed as to draw the water down to .i adopted by Lockwood & Palmer, Stam-
in the shops of The John McDougali, solid stream before it leaves them. The ford, Conn. Three floors are used in
Caledonian Iron Works Co., Ltd., Mono- springs on the needle spindles approxi- the system. On the second floor are five
real. It is designed to deliver 10,500 mately balance the force of the wain- oil tanks holding from 30 to 50 gal-
brake horse power at 200 revs, per min. on the needles, thus taking the load from lons each. These are used respectively
under a head of 380 feet of water. It the governor. Underneath the wheels, at for turpentine, boiled oil, raw oil, ma-
was built for the British Columbia Elec- D, are the needle relief nozzles. Thes? chine oil and kerosene. An iron pipe
tric Railway Co., to be used at Lake are so connected to the governor that runs from each of these tanks down the
should the main nozz'es become sudden- elevator shaft and then through the
Buntzen, driving an alternating current
ly closed the relief nozzles will open wall partition on the first floor, where
generator 5,000 K.V.A., 22,000 volt, 3
and allow the surplus water each end in a brass cock. The oil is
phase, GO cycles. to run in-
drawn off here. The tanks are filled
There are four sets of buckets, all on to the discharge pipe preventing shock
from the equipment on the third floor.
the same shaft, two on each side of the in the inlet pipes. The needles of these An inclined plane, feet long and
fi '1 '.

feet high at the raised end, leads to a

sink directly above the tanks. Each
tank has attached a length of corru-
gated conductor pipe set at the right
angle to receive the adjustable pipe
which comes from the sink.
When desired to fill a tank tin-
it is

pipes areadjusted, a barrel of oil is

brought from the cellar on the elevator,
rolled up the incline and poured into
the sink.


The annual report of the Department
of Mines, Ottawa, for the calendar years
1907 and 1008, gives some interesting
statisticsregarding the output of ehrom-
ite in O.nada. Chrome iron ore is used
chiefly for the manufacture of terra
chrome alloys and salts for pigments, as
well as for linings in Bteel and copper
Ferro-chrome is produced at Bucking-
ham, Que., by the Electric Reduction Co..
and shipments of the ores have been
made to the Sydney and 8oo Steel plants,
A 10.500 h.p. Impulse Water Wheel. but their chief Markets is in the Tinted
States. The ore ranges in value from
$17 to $20 a ton, for 50 per cent. ore.
generator. These buckets are of the nozzles are handled by dash pots so that
Chromite Is mined in the Eastern Town-
ellipsoidal and are made of close
type, after being wide open they will gradually
ships of Quebec. In 1907, 7.196 tons
grained cast steel ground to a smoot.i close, thus preventing shock.
were mined, valued at $72,000. In 1908
finish. Each set consists of 16 buckets,
The main shaft is 43 ft. 6 ins. long, 20 a little more was mined.
24 inches wide, forming a wheel 6 feet diameter at the centre, tap-
inches in The world 's production of chromite
10 inches in diameter.
ering to 12 inches diameter at each end. in 1907 was about 90.000 metric tons.
The water enters the casing at A and It is made of nickel steel, hydraulic
B and is directed onto the buckets forged, oil tempered and runs in fo-ir
tli rough two needle nozzles. These water-cooled bearings. The four cast George C. Wells, assistant general
needles are connected with the Lombard iron inlet pipes are 36 inches in diam- passenger agent of the C.P.R. is giving
governor through the levers, and lay eter, and will be bolted to a cast steel a series of lectures this term to the stu-
shaft] as shown in the. illustration, and yoke pipe, 51 inches diameter. The hous- dents in the Railway Department of Mc-
move in a longitudinal direction within ings are of cast iron with machined bot- Oill University, Montreal, on "The Con-
the nozzle, thus changing the tom flanges. duct of Passenger Business."

45 .17
Practical Articles for Canadian Foundrymen and Pattern Makers, and
News of Foundrymen's and Allied Associations. Contributions Invited.

FOUNDRYMEN' S CONVENTION. The furnace is provided with a swing- position in Fig. 1. The opening in the

Theannual foundrymen's convention

ing cover, which is moved aside by de- furnace cover permits the products of
will be held in Detroit, June 6 to 10,
pressing the lever shown in an upright combustion to escape, and in addition
1910, instead of during the week of May
can be used for introducing metal into
the crucible, or for inspecting the con-
30, as previously announced. The change
American Foundrymen's dition of the metal as it melts. These
in date was made in view of the fact
Association. furnaces can be arranged for installa-
that May 30 is Decoration Day, and it
is doubtful if many foundrymen would American Brass Founders' tion in pits or above the floor level as

have been present at that time. Ar- Association.

rangements are already being made for ANNOUNCEMENT.
the exhibit which will be conducted un- On behalf of our association we
der the auspices of the Foundry and beg to announce that the invita-
Manufacturers' Supply Association, and tion so kindly issued by the Foun-
during this week the annual meetings of drymen of Detroit to our respec-
the American Foundrymen's Association, tive bodies, to hold the next con-
the American Brass Founders' Associa- vention in that city, has been
tion and Associated Foundry Foremen officially accepted by our Executive
will be held. Boards. The date has been set
for June 7th, 8th and 9th, 1910.
CRUCIBLE MELTING FURNACE. The hotel headquarters are to
To meet the demands
for a melting be at the Pontchartrain. Notice of
furnace having a removable crucible, details later on.

the Monarch Engineering & Mfg. Co.,

With announcement there

Baltimore, has designed the type shown are sent the Proceedings of the
in Figs. 1 and 2, which is equipped Associations, and an apology is
with a crane for setting the pot into due for the lateness with which
the furnace and for removing the same they reach you. The manuscript
after the metal has been melted. This copy was ready early in August,
buit at that time the printing
office at which our work is done
was undergoing a complete trans-
formation, and the monotype ma- 3 ^H I _B&
chines and new presses have taken
until now to get into the running
order necessary to turn out our
work properly. As our members Fig. 2. —Crucible Raised and in Position to be
have all had such experiences in Lowered Into Pot.
their own shops, we trust the
apology may be acceptable
Detroit promises to be one of desired, and are furnished with or with-
the big conventions, as from all out the lifting crane. Gas or oil can be
accounts the very energetic com- used for fuel.
mittee, headed by Dr. Stephenson,
of Cincinnati Convention fame, is
busily engaged even at this early
date. The exhibition to be held
during the week of June 6th, also The motor illustrated herewith is for
Fig. 1 .—Stationary Melting Furnace With Crane
promises to everything
eclipse use in the foundry or in dirty places.
in Position to Lift Crucible. heretofore shown, and hence visit- It is a pipe ventilated motor, the cut
ing Foundrymen will be amply re- showing the intake pipe at the back.
paid, and should make their pre- This pipe is connected with the outside
furnace is especially adapted for use in
shops where the pot is lifted out and parations early. of the building the other end blows
is ;

In the expectation of a very the air into the shop if wished, a fan
used for pouring the metal. In Fig. 1,
the furnace is shown with the crane useful and enjoyable gathering, we drawing the air in and forcing it out.
position for lifting the crucible into the remain. Respectfully, This motor is made for direct or al-
furnace, and in Fig. 2, the pot has been RICHARD MOLDENKE, ternating current, in all sizes. It is
raised,the crane swung over, in posi- Sec.Amer. Foundrymen's Ass'n. dust proof, being completely covered by
tion to deposit the crucible with its W. M. CORSE, a case. One of the features is that it
charge into the furnace. The crucible is Sec. American Brass Founders' is run with ball bearings and requires
liftedby a chain attached to the tongs, Association. lubrication once m two years. Grease
the chain being wound up on a small December 10th, 1909. is the lubricant and is inserted by re-
drum on the spindle of the hand wheel. moving the small cap at the end of the

bearing. A chimney cooled motor for would have an extra amount of coke Use about 40 to 50 lbs. of limestone to
outside work is built along similar
to hold over the dinner hour.
Our great
trouble at this time was with the cupola

one ton of molten metal better to use
too much than too little. Have the
These motors are being placed on the man, as he insisted that the iron would cupola shell large enough, as it is easy
Canadian market by the Lancashire
freeze at the tapping hole, but we final- to put in an extra lining for smaller
ly persuaded him that he would heats.
not be
held responsible should this occur. We
drained all the iron out at 12 o'clock
closing the slag hole wifjh sand, TEXT-BOOKS.
ping the tapping hole, and shutting The following unique scheme of teach-
other openings tight, so there would be ing English in the Cuban public schools
no draught. About ten minutes before of Habana Province, instituted by the
starting time we tapped out all that was supervisor of English, Miss Abbie
in the cupola and pigged it, then put the Phillips, is reported from Habana :

blast on full, so as to be ready when Miss Phillips has asked all the repre-
the starting whistle blew. Sometimes sentatives of English and American
we have to pig two or three hundred manufacturers in Habana to supply her
pounds on account of the metal not being with their catalogs, and especially those
hot enough. which are profusely illustrated. These
catalogs are
Enclosed Foundry Motor.
We had two sizes of cupola
and 60 in. inside the lining. When the
—48 in.
distributed among the
schools and students, and a large part
of the time devoted to English instruc-
heats were heavy we would run the 60 in.
tion is used in explaining the names
Dynamo & Motor Co., 152-4 Bay St., We had to enlarge the plant again so we
and uses of the articles illustrated.
Toronto. G. E. Mason is manager of took out the 48-in. cupola and installed
This seems to offer a rare opportun-
the Canadian branch of this company. two new cupolas, the shells 'being 90 ity for a great deal of free advertising
in., so that we could them up to 78
line for those manufacturers who are will-
CONTINUOUS MELTING.* in. if required. We have them lined at ing to send their illustrated catalogs
By S. D. Sleeth.** the present time to 70 in. When run- and pamphlets to the supervisor. The
When the Westinghouse Air Brake ning full, i.e., night and day, we melt
great value of this method of teaching
Co. found it necessary to enlarge their 280 tons, running each cupola about ten is that the rising generation of Cuban
plant, on account of increased business, hours. We have operated one cupola youth will learn the names and uses of
it was decided to move Wilmerding,
to from Friday night at 6 o'clock until the articles illustrated at the most im-
Pa., and install in the foundry flask and Saturday noon of the following day, clos- pressionable age, which in the near fu-
sand conveyors. This meant that the ing down at 11 p.m. for one-half hour ture will reflect to the advantage of
foundry would have to run so that iron for lunch, and again at 6.30 in the those manufacturers. Miss Phillips
could be poured all day, instead of two morning for three-quarters of an hour states that any kind of catalog is wel-
or three hours in the afternoon. "We for breakfast. This is rather hard on come, whether dealing with office sup-
knew of no plant where this was being the lining so we do not make a practice plies or machinery.

done, so it was up
our foundry to
to of it. It is suggested that interested manu-
work it out. As it required about two We have tried a great many experi-
facturers and exporters send a half
and one-half hours to run the heat off ments with cupolas, but as yet have been dozen sets or more of their illustrated
literature to Miss Abbie Phillips, Su-
at that time, we decided to see how unable to find any that will give better
pervisor of English, Obrapia, 57, Ha-
much longer we could hold the metal in results than the double row of tuyeres
the cupola and still keep it hot. The — the upper row about 10 in. above the
bana, Cuba.

first day we put the blast on one-half lower. It is not necessary to keep the
hour earlier and melted the iron with upper ones open all the time. Our 'blast
the same blast pressure, but would shut pressure about 11 ounces in the cupola
Polished steel work may easily be pro-
the blast off for five or ten minutes and bustle. We
use a fan for blast. When
tected from rust by 'the application of
then start to blow again. This we found running full we melt ten to eleven lbs.
the following compound :
to work satisfactorily for that day. The of iron to one pound of coke.
Lard 6 parts
second day we put the blast on one hour In charging the cupola we are very
Rosin 1 part
earlier, but this did not work so well, careful to have the charge level. We The two ingredients are melted to-
we, therefore, added more coke, which charge the pig by hand and the scrap is
gether and stirred until cold. The rosin
kept the metal hot but the melting was dumped in from a buggy through a door prevents the mass from becoming rancid
slower. above the regular charging door. All
and also acts as an air-tight film. If
When we work in the new
started the charges are the same from beginning rubbed upon a polished steel surface,
foundry at Wilmerding we ran two cu- to the end of the heat. As the iron even very thinly, it effectually preserves
polas, one in the morning, and one dn must come very soft and uniform we and protects the polish. It is easily
the afternoon. We were afraid to hold do not charge more than 4,000 lbs, at removed by gasoline or kerosene—Brass
over dinner hour. After running for one time. For a smaller cupola the World.
some time in this way we decided to run charge would naturally be less.
one cupola all day; at 11 o'clock, or a To sum up our experiences. I would W. G. Lotte, instructor in forge prac-
little later, we added 200 lbs. of coke advise: See that the coke bed is burn- tice at the college of engineering, Un-
for two or three charges so that we ing even all around, then charge just as iversity of Wisconsin, for 17 years, has
you would for an ordinary run, allow- been granted one year's leave of absence.
• Paper read before the American Foundrymen's ing an extra amount of coke for the He will spend the time as special inspec-
Association. In the February issue will be given
dinner hour. After running about one tor of steel for the International Harves-
a discussion on this subject by Geo. K. Hooper,
M.E.. New York City.
hour, open the slag hole and keep it ter Co., visiting its various plants in the

•• open, except during the dinner hour. United States and Canada.
Address : Wilmerding. Pa.
successfully made October 12th, under
Steel Foundry of Vancouver Engineering Works the supervision of the Whiting Foundry

New Equipment Company's Steel Foundry-

This Steel Foundry is the Only One in Canada West of the Great
Lakes — Equipment Includes Up-to-Date Cupola, Converter, Cranes, Etc.
The plant has a present capacity of
eight tons per day, and is so designed
The demand for steel castings in the portion of the Dominion, early in 1909,
that extensions for handling double
western part of Canada has increased the directors of the Vancouver Engin-
that capacity can be made as required,
with the rapid development of that sec- eering Works decided to add a steel
without interrupting the operation of
tion. Machinery used in the lumber foundry to their plant at Vancouver.
the present foundry. It is of steel con-
and mining industries must be con- The side blown converter for making
struction throughout, having a main
structed to withstand very heavy work. steel was adopted.
bay 120 feet long, and 50 feet wide,
with a side bay 120 feet long, and SO
feet wide, as — shown on the ground

plan Fig. 1. The side bay 4s designed
to provide the most compact grouping
of the melting and converting depart-
ment, tiie core room, sand mill, and
cleaning department, without in any
way interfering with
the economical
operation of each. In the design, every
effort was made to secure a continuous
system, in order that the raw material
might be converted into finished cast-
ings without any reverse movements.
The steelfoundry is so arranged in the
plot of the general plant, that the
movement of all departments is in the
direction of the castings store house.

The Cupola.
The cupola is the standard Whiting
No. 4, and the height from floor level to
top of the stack is 35 feet. In order
to properly charge the converter, the
melting capacity is about seven tons
per hour. The cupola charging floor is
22 feet long, and 20 feet wide, and is
served by a 2-ton electric elevator, hav-
»WAO)IO r*rt«VT ing a lift of 16 feet. In order to facili-
tate the handling of melting stock, an
Fig. 1.—Layout of Steel Plant. Vancouver Engineering Works.
industrial track of 24 inch gauge con-
Steel castings, which enter largely into Tn May, 1909, the Whiting Foundry nects the elevator with the stock yard.
the manufacture of this class of ma- Equipment Co., Harvey, 111., was com- Iron is tapped from the cupola into a
chinery, had to be shipped from the missioned to design and equip the steel b',000 pound ladle, carried by a pneu-

eastern part of Canada, or imported foundry according to the most up-to- matic jib crane of 4 tons capacity, as
from the United States, or England. date practice. Erection of the plant shown in Fig. 2. Two taps are made
This was expensive because of high was commenced in June, and the equip- to obtain a full charge for the conver-
freight rates and long deliveries. ment installed during the following ter. This is done to avoid holding the
Realizing the growing need in that September. The first blow of steel was molten iron in the hearth of the cupola,

Fig. 2.— Jib Crane of 4 Tons Capacity. Fig. 4.— Ladle Lowered to Ueceivc Finished Steel.

where it is exposed to the incandescent A large hoodis suspended aoo>e the pipe connects the cupola with the
coke from which it will absorb sulphur, converter, to carry the fumes outside blower. Regulation of the blast for the
especially if the manganese content is the building. The height of the con- cupola is accomplished by means of a
low. After the ladle is filled, the jib verter is 10 feet, when in blowing posi- standard blast gate.
crane hoists it to the pouring position, tion. It is lined with a composition of Core Room.
shown in Fig. 3, and the iron is trans- ganister, sand and fire clay, rammed The core room, core oven and mold
fered to the converter, to be blown around a wood form. This lining, if re- drying oven are in the side bay, ad-
into steel. paired when necessary, will give at joining the cupola room, and cover an
Since no phosphorus or sulphur can least 180 or 200 blows. area 40 feet long, and 30 feet wide. The
be removed, owing to the acid lining of Iron from the cupola is poured into mold drying oven, which holds two
the converter, it is necessary to melt the converter, which then turned to
is cars, is 18 feet long and 10 feet wide,
an iron running low in these elements, an upright position for blowing. The and is fitted with a Kinnear roller cur-
the maximum limit being 0.04 per cent, air pressure ranges from 3 to 5 pounds tain door. The core oven is 10 feet
for each. The manganese content a square inch, it being regulated by a by 10 feet, equipped with side shelves
ranges from 0.60 per cent, to 1.50 per valve at the operator's platform. The for cores, and has a swinging steel plate
cent. The cupola charge is so propor- Mowing operation requires from 15 to door. Coal is used for fuel.
tioned as to give about 1.00 per cent, 20 minutes, varying with the percentage Adjoining the core room, is the sand
of manganese, this limit being set be- of metalloids in the iron. It is neces- mill room, with a 72 inch mill, built
cause it counteracts the affinity of the sary that the time be as brief as pos- by the Vancouver Engineering Works,
iron for the sulphur in the coke, and sible), as upon the rapidity of the blow Ltd. This mill is of the undergeared
also minimizes the wear upon the con- depends the temperature of the bath. type, and is belt driven by a 25 h.p.
verter lining. As the percentage of sili- Fig. 5 shows the converter during the A.-C.-B. alternating current motor. A

k i !


in the
3.— Pouring Position Transferring

cupola charge should be from

Iro n to^ Converter.

progress of the blow. Reduction in the

- :

Fig. 5.
—Converter During

Progress of

pneumatic sand shaker, built by the



1.80 per cent, to 2.00 per cent, in the weight of metal is about 18 per cent. Hanna Engineering Co. is between the
iron it ranges from 1.20 per cent, to The steel comes from the converter at sand mill and core room.
3.50 per cent. The extensive manufac- 1,700 degrees, centigrade,— a tempera- The cleaning room adjoins the blower-

ture of boilers, tanks, etc., gives this ture insuring sufficient fluidity to yield room, and opens into the main bay.
company a heavy stock of punching* sharp, sound castings of light section. The equipment -consists of a cold saw
draw upon
for the Hack of the converteri, and on a level of the 2-B type, aud two power hand
and clippings to
cupola charge. order to produce
In with the foundry floor, is the blower saws, built by the Quincy, Manchester
steel castings of high grade, careful at- room, which is equipped with a positive Sargent Co. Two type C Diamond
tention is given the sulphur and phos- pressure blower for the converter, and emery grinders, built by Diamond Ma-
a steel pressure blower for the cupola. chine Co., provide ample facility for
phorus limitations.
The Converter. The positive pressure blower built by grinding the present out-put of the
The converter, having a capacity of the P. H. & F. M. Roots Co., is a No. foundry. Provision has been made for
2 tons, of
is the standard Whiting 5. It is connected to a 75 h.p.
belt the future installation of an annealing
type. occupies a floor space 20 feet
It Allis-Chalmers-Bullock alternating cur- furnace.

by 12 feet, and is separated from the rent motor. The steel pressure blower, The Vancouver Engineering Works,
remainder of the side bay by a steel cur- built by the B. F. Sturtevant Co., is a Ltd., manufacture an extensive line of

tain wall. It is carried on cast steel trun No. 6, belted to a 10 h.p. A.-C.-B. al- logging and saw-mill machinery, all

nions, which revolve in heavy cast iron ternating current motor. types of boilers, burners for sa-w-mills,
standards, and spans a concrete pit into The blast main to the converter is in and mining machinery. F. L. Leighton
which the ladle is lowered to receive a straight line to insure the minimum isgeneral manager and instalations were

the finished steel, as shown in F*ig. 4. loss due to friction. A 14-inch blast made under his supervision.

LOST HIS SUIT CASE. passed, "Why didn't you make the first equipment, in issuing a catalogue have
^casting like this ?" The answer will of included information
L. L. Anthes, of the Toronto Foundry j
in it useful for
course depend on many circumstances, foundrymen. While the "Steel-Harvey"
Co., has returned from a trip to Cal-
gary and Edmonton, during which he but taking a case in point— that of a Crucible Tilting Furnace, the Monarch
was a member of two hunting parties. valve seating shown in Fig. 1, having Portable Tilting Furnace, Monarch Non-
While in Winnipeg he, along with Alex. three machined faces, L, K, and M, lilting Furnace, blowers, etc., are used

and Garnet Irvine, of the Standard the answer is not knowing the
that, as illustrations, and the catalogue is an

Plumbing Co., and Sam Tait, manager parts to be machined were as shown advertisement for these special lines, yet
on the sketch, no precautions were there is a lot of useful information
of the plumbing department of the J.
H. Ashdown Co., made up a duck taken to ensure these parts coming out which should be perused by those inter-
shooting party, which visited Findlay, clean. It is only when viewing the re- ested. An article on "The 'Use' and
Man., Bob Green, master plumber, of turned casting that the molder knows 'Abuse' of Crucibles," contains sugges-
Winnipeg, also being along. He later anything about these machined faces, tions worth The footnote of
as the pattern supplied (Fig. 2) gives the opening "All goods manufac-
on went after big game south of Port
Arthur, getting a deer, and Alex Cam- no information in this respect. It would tured and shipped by us are guaranteed
be a great help to the foundry if en- as represented, otherwise subject to re-
eron, Fort William, a moose. H. An-
derson, Port Arthur, also got a shot gineers who get their castings made turn at our expense," gives a reader of
out were particular in having their pat- the catalogue, an impression of genuine-
at a moose, but failed to bring him
terns marked plainly where they are ness in the contents of the catalogue,
down. The best Ed. Higginbotham, of
Fort William, could get was a snap- machined, either by printing, say, the and in the goods described.
shot. word "Bright," or painting all machin-
While at Calgary "Lawrie" was in- ed parts a different color, attention be-
itiated into the society, which has re- ing drawn to this point on the order MAKING PREPARATIONS AT PITTS-
cently gained many members in the accompanying the patterns. BURG FOR FOUNDRYMEN'S
west, "The Native Sons," the password The remedy in this instance is to CONVENTION IN 1911.

to whose meetings is the "Indian Sign." cast the piece on its side, so that all The chairmen of the different com-
Several members of the society came bright faces are vertical. Fig. 3 is a mittees, which will be in charge of the
down to the depot to see "Lawrie" off sectional view of Fig. 4, which latter various arrangements for the annual
on his trip east, and while waiting for is a cross-section of the mold complete. convention of the American Foundry-

nr\ nr\ $»

4 i>w^v?K

^y;:-y^;:-v-.^^yy^-:-. i :

Fig, l. Fig. 2.— Molding a Valve Seating, Fig. 3. Fig. 4

the train, some one suggested that they A is a dry-sand core B, B are plates
; men's Association at Pittsburg in 1911,
have a cigar, so the party went across which are bedded on to the bottom and were announced as follows at the regu-
the road. On the return trip, however, top parts of the flask when the mold lar monthly meeting of the Pittsburg
Anthes and his suit case got separated, is being rammed up. These plates are Foundrymen's Association, Monday
but he took the train on condition that clamped as shown in Fig. 4. Two holes evening, Dec. 6 —
General committee,
his friends would send the baggage are cut in the flask at the joint, for H Jos. T. Speer, of the Pittsburg Valve,
along on the next train. a riser and L for the runner. N, N, N, Foundry & Construction Co.; reception,
"The best laid plans" oft go astray, N are dummy risers which take any E. A. Kebler, M. A. Hanna & Co.;
however, and though "Lawrie" tele- dirt out of the top flange. smoker and get-together, E. D. Froh-
graphed from Winnipeg, and went on his The mold ismade same way
in the man, S. Obermayer Co.; finance, J. S.
hunting trip at Port Arthur, that suit as before casting was re-
when the Seaman, Seaman, Sleeth Co.; plant vis-
case hasn't arrived yet, and as it con- turned, the same tackle being used. The itation, W. A. Bole, Westinghouse Ma-
tained his camera his friends have to alterations needed were the holes cut chine Co.; convention, H. E. F*ield,
take his word for it that he got "all in the flask joint and the two plates Mackintosh, Hemphill &) Co.; ladies'
the law allows" on his shooting expedi- bedded as shown to enable the mold to entertainment, O. W. Mason, Midland
tion. withstand the side pressure when being Steel Co.; boat ride, F. H. Zimmers,
poured. These pieces weigh 300 lbs., and Union Foundry & Machine Co.; press,
MOLDINGA VALVE SEATING. are made in batches of twelve at a W. B. Robinson, The Iron Trade Re-
By G. Buchanan. time. —Mechanical World. view.
It sometimes happens that the mold-
er turns out some piece of work for Louis Lavoie, formerly on the per-
which he is really not responsible, al-
MELTING FURNACES. sonal of the general manager of
though, when the casting is returned to The Monarch Engineering Co., Balt- the I. C. R., has been appointed gen-
the foundry and another piece is made imore, Md., engineers and specialists in eral purchasing agent of the road with
whicli turns out good, the remark is general oil and gas fuel for plant furnace headquarters at Ottawa, Ont., Canada.


tinually arriving and greatimprovements have been made
to the rolling stock. The Grand Trunk Pacific has com-

GnadianMachinery pleted ils line between Fort William and Winnipeg, the
line being now complete from Lake Superior to Edmonton.

^Manufacturing News»> Nor is the Canadian Northern lesa progressive. That

monthly newspaper devoted to machinery and manufacturing interests road increased its equipment by 25 locomotives, 1,950
mechanical and electrical trades, the foundry, technical progress, construction box cars, 5(H) flat, cars, L2G stock cars, 40 cabooses. 16
and improvement, and to all useis of power developed from steam, gas, elec-
tricity, compressed air and water in Canada. baggage and mail cars and 15 passenger cars, every one of
which was built in Canada. The Ontario division of the
The MacLean Publishing Co., Limited road will build during this winter a line to Ottawa, giving
JOHN BAYNE MACLEAN, President W. L. EDMONDS. Vice-President
H V. TYRRELL, Toronto Business Manager - - thereby a through line between Toronto and Quebec; and
G C KEITH, M.E., B.Sc, Toronto Managing Editor -
the bridging of the gap between Sudbury and Port Arthur
F. C. D.WILKES, B.Sc, Montreal - Associate Editor
(now under construction) will connect the eastern and

UNITED STATES western divisions, and give the Canadian Northern en-
Montreal Rooms 701-703 Eastern New York - • R. B. Huestis trance to the larger centres of the country. West from
Townships Bank Bldg 1109-1111 Lawyers' Title, Insur-
Toronto - 10 Front Street East ance and Trust Building Edmonton the same line is surveying a route that will
Phone Main 2701
Winnipeg, 511 Union Bank Building
Phone, 1111 Cortlandt take it to New Westminster, so that it is but a matter
Phone 3726
FRANCE of months until the third transcontinental railway will
F. R. Paris John F. Jones St, Co.,
British Columbia Vancouver
- 31bis, Faubourg Montmartre, connect the Atlantic seaboard with the Pacific.
11. Paris, France
Room 21, Hartney Chambers There cannot be much doubt as to the confidence of
London - 88 Fleet Street, E.C. Zurich Louis Wol the railroads in the future business conditions of the
Phone Central 12960 & Co
J. Meredith McKim Orell Fussli
country. The most sceptical can take heart when the
Cable Address shrewd business men controlling these interests make
Macpubco, Toronto. Atabek, London, Eng.
preparations for a greater strain on their rolling stock,
for there is this evident fact that unless the country is
Canada, United States, Great Britain. Australia and other colonies
4s. 6d., per year ; Advertising rates on request.
other countries, $1.50. prosperous, traffic cannot be.
Subscribers who are not receiving their paper regularly will
confer a favor on us by letting us know. We should be notified
at once of any change in address, giving both old and new.

Vol. VI. January, 1910 No. 1

There appeared in a recent issue of the Toronto Globe
what appeared to be an authentic account of an. investi-
better indication of the prosperity of a country
No gation of certain charges of graft in connection with the
can be found than in the equipment buying of its rail- administration of the Oxford county roads system. The
roads. When the corporations are launching out into article was published under the somewhat startling cap-
fresh rolling stock, and are providing for increased traffic tion, "Graft and Good Roads Seem Strange Bedfellows."
then there can be no doubt that the trade barometer is In the course of the evidence reported it was stated that
favorable. But if the buying is shut down, as was the one Jas. A. Vance, "agent of the Hamilton Bridge Works
case last year, then there is no doubt as to the conditions Co.," had sworn that he paid Reeve Sutherland, of East
being unfavorable. If railroad economizing tends further Zorra, $50 to secure his signature to a contract for a
to depress trade, railroad liberality has the opposite effect. bridge.
Not only does it mean that money will be circulating more The Hamilton Bridge Works Co. affirm that this man
freely, but that others are encouraged by the action of Vance was not an agent, is not an agent, and will never
men who are recognized as leading guides of trade pros- be an agent, of the Hamilton Bridge Works Co., and while
pects. the Globe is to be congratulated on any steps it takes to
For some time now our railroads have been buying expose graft, it would seem that steps should be taken to
heavily, confident in the prosperity wave that has arrived verify statements made.
and anxious to be prepared for further improvement. The It seems that Jas. A. Vance for a number of years was
been greatly added to during the summer
rolling stock has a broker or contractor, going out and taking contracts on
and the winter is to be no exception. The C.P.R. are his own hook and then buying the steel where he chose.
making extensive preparations Angus shops,
at their During the past few years the steel for a number of
Montreal) to prepare for next year's traffic. They have bridges was purchased from the Hamilton Bridge Works.
commenced by placing an order for 15 freight engines and This company on a few occasions gave him contracts to
three passenger engines of the Pacific type. Upwards of erect some small bridges when he happened to have work
150 passenger cars are also to be renovated, and eight new in the neighborhood and when it was inconvenient for the
sleepers constructed. A record winter of work is antici- company to send its own gangs.
pated at tin Angus shops, and it is evident that apart A letter received by the Hamilton Bridge Works Co.
from the benefit money circulating we have
of this the from Judge Finkle, chairman of the investigating com-
satisfaction of knowing that much heavier traffic is ex- mittee, says that t'here.was no evidence whatever brought
pected next year. out to show that this man was connected with the Hamil-
The Grand Trunk and Grand Trunk Pacific are also ton Bridge Works Co. It was therefore unfair, to say
making st tenuous arrangements as to equipment. During the least, for the Globe to publish such an article before
he past four months they have added to their rolling
endeavoring to find' out the full facts. It is a great in-
slock at of about $1,000,000 a month, while
f;he rate justice to the company mentioned
to connect them even

orders foil new engines and cars have now been given, indirectly with shady dealings. This company has a repu-
which wilAensure an even greater rate of progress during tation for fair dealings, not having to resort to any mean

the balancd of the year. Locomotives and cars are con- or petty acts to secure contracts.
FACTS ABOUT OURSELVES. information and ideas for manufacturers, superintend-
Canadian Machinery entered
ents, foremen ami mechanics. As a result, subscriptions
lias the sixth year of
continue to Bome in from all over Canada and our repre-
we believe, the confidence of the me-
publication, having-,
sentatives in the various provinces are meeting with ex-
chanicalmen of Canada. From the first, when Canadian
cellent results.
Machinery was launched into a distinctly new field, the
paper has been a success. From a sixty-four page paper,
it has grown to a ninety-six page paper. It is recognized
thai the support a paper receives from its advertisers is Discriminating advertisers who know where to get
positive proof of its value. In December, 1905, there were results are placing their business with us and each year
thirty-four pages of advertising, while four years later, in has shown a growth over the one previous, showing the
December, 1909, there were fifty-eight pages. confidence our patrons have in the advertising power of
When Canadian Machinery was started in January, Canadian Machinery.
1905, there was no machine tool paper in Canada. It is While the main function of our advertising pages is
still the only paper in Canada catering exclusively to the to provide a place wherein the advertiser may print his
machine tool and foundry trades. The quick and ready message, we realize that many advertisers, lacking time
response with which Canadian Machinery was received "copy," fail frequently to
or inclination to produce good
by the mechanical men of the Dominion showed that its make most of the opportunity which Canadian Ma-
future was assured. That their interest has not flagged chinery provides. For that reason we maintain an Art
is shown by the fact, that not only have practically all and Advertising Department whose business it is to co-
the original readers renewed their subscriptions, but the operate with such of our advertisers who desire it, in pre-
list has grown until now Canadian Machinery reaches over paring good advertising copy.
90 per cent, of the machine shops and foundries of Canada. Perhaps the most striking illustration of the efficiency
The industrial life of Canada has awakened and fac- of this department is contained in the factthat many of our
tories have been erected by the score during the past year, advertisers are using the copy prepared for them by the
while a great number more Art and Ad. Department, in
have been planned for 1910. other publications besides Can-
More than twenty salaried adian Machinery.
subscription men are covering
Canada simultaneously, from
coast to every city,
coast, A few kind expressions of
town and village being visited opinion received at our office
each year. These men must during the past few days, en-
show results or we want to tirely unsolicited, are illustra-
know the reason why. Be- tive of the position held by
sides these men we have a Canadian Machinery among
great number of shop agents, mechanical men.
and every industrial con- W. Dalgheish, Sidney, Man.,
cern, superintendent, foreman, writes: "I look forward to
purchasing agent and master sand foteyuA^J^^favLS monthly visits with a
mechanic has the paper deal of pleasure, and enclose
brought regularly before his $1 to place to my credit.
attention. The directors of Wishing you continued suc-
embryo concerns are also ap- cess."
proached, so that we are The following letters were
maintaining a list of paid-up subscribers in Canada, which received recently from British Columbia subscribers, at
includes the men who can influence the buying of machine our Vancouver office, 11 Haitney Chambers by H. Hodg-
shop and foundry equipment and supplies. son: "Canadian Machinery is a credit to Canada. It is
one of the best machinery papers I have seen. It is of
interest to every mechanical man whether he be employee
or employer."
With the growth of the paper and its increase in popu- "Yes, I got the paper all right and like it fine. If
larity among Canadian mechanical men generally, the edi- every issue is like the October number you can count on
torial staff has been increased and greater efforts are being
me as a permanent subscriber. Moreover, I will get others'
put forward to increase the value of the paper. Results for you. When you were talking to me I must confess
speak for themselves and comparisons of issues as they I had no confidence in the paper, but it is ahead of Eng-
appear, with previous ones, show a growth in the class of
lish and United States papers for Canadian mechanical
editorial matter published. This has been accomplished men."
by the most diligent effurts on the part of the publishers David Williams, one of our eastern representatives,
and by the suggestions received from time to time from after a tour of New
Brunswick, Prince Ec'ward Island
friends of the paper. We are always on the outlook for
and Nova Scotia writes: "There are very f«w managers
these suggestions whereby the paper may be made of
or foremen who are not on our list. All of them speak
greater interest, and we value the criticisms of our readers.
well of Canadian Machinery, especially late'y. I have
Among our eontributers during (he past year we have told a number of them that we propose enlarging the de-
numbered some of the best known mechanical men of partment of "Machine Shop Methods and Devices," and
Canada and numerous excellent articles will appear dur- they all approve of it. That department has been good
ing 1910. We spare no expense to get the mechanical lately. The article on the Moncton shops was very much
public what they want and we are ever looking for good, appreciated down here." Mr. Williams is no#r making a
live, reliable articles. In every issue is a good fund of complete tour of the British West Indies for us.
New Interesting Type of Boring and Turning Mills
The Colburn Machine Tool Co., Franklin, Pa., Have Just Brought Out An En-
tirely New Line of Vertical Boring and Turning Mills, the " New Model."

The "New Model" vertical boring and att'd with one hand, the belt c;ui he hand wheel one revolution, five changes
turning mills recently placed on the mar- changed from one step of the cone pul- of feed are obtained. movement of A
ket include many new features in their ley to another with great rapidity and the multiplying lever changes the com-
design. There are five sizes in the entire without any injury to the belt. In ac- bination of gears, and another revolution
line, 42, 48, 54, 60 and 72-inch swing. tual operation the entire range of speeds of the hand wheel gives five more
With the exception of the method of driv- obtained with the cone pulleys, from the changes, making ten in all. The vertical
ing the table, the same features are in- slowest to the fastest and back again, feed shaft extending upward from each
corporated' in all sizes and a description stopping momentarily on each step, has feed case engages with mechanism on
of any one size practically describes all been made in eight seconds. By chang- each end of rail, which conveys motion
the others. All sizes arc built with two ing the back gear lever Z, which is in to the horizontal rods and screws in
swivel heads,' and the three smallest close proximity to the handle which cross rail, which operate the heads ver-
sizes with turret heads as desired. operates the belt shifter, another run of tically and horizontally. Quick-adjust-
Referring to Fig. 1, the table spindle five additional speeds is obtained. A ing positive clutches are used, as shown
has a massive angular thrust bearing speed index plate, located on the hous- by D in Fig. 3, which enable the operator
which makes it self-centring, and, to- ing directly above the back gear lever to instantly change feed from vertical
gether with the large, straight, upright on euna pul-
Z, indicates t*he right step to horizontal and vice versa. Either feed
bearings, effectually resists vertical, an- ley for beltand position of clutches in- can be reversed instantly by the feed
gular and horizontal strains. All bear- side of speed box to give the correct reverse lever, shown at each end of rail.


Fig. 1.— Detail of Table Spindle Bearing and Internal Drive) as Used on RO Fig. 2. —Rear View* New Model Mills, Colburn
and 72 Inch New Model Mills. Machine Tool Co.

ing surfaces of the spindle are lubricated speed of table in revolutions per min- Rapid traverse of the tools, horizontal-
ute. ly, vertically, and in angular directions,
from one sight, feed oil cup.
Fig. 3 shows some of the details of the is obtained from the same vertical shafts
Driving Mechanism.
new model boring and turning mills. A as the feed, the manipulation being by
The drive is by means of five-step
front of
a vertical lever attached to tJhe
is the right-hand ram and tool holders,
cone pulleys of large dimensions, thence the feed case, marked "Rapid Traverse
through the speed box, which contains
B is the friction cone used on foot brake.
This has three hard maple ishoes or Lever" on 2. This lever has two
the back gears and positive clutches, operating positions: forward and back.
wedges, which are specially prepared by
which are constantly immersed in a bath The gear feed is always engaged when
being treated in paraffin. C is a fric-
of oil. The back gears are engaged and the lever in the back position, and
tion cone with cork inserts used on pow-
disengaged by means of positive clutches -the tool will feed in the direction de-
er rapid traverse. These frictions are
inside of speed box and operated by lever termined by the position of the feed re-
on of the vertical feed
the upper end
Z, conveniently located at sides of ma- verse lever at the end of cross rail.
ehine, shown in Fig. 2. Five speeds are shafts. D quick-adjusting
is a feed
clutch, used on the ends of both feed The rapid traverse is'always engaged
obtained with the back gears out, and
rods and screws on the ends of both when the lever is in the forward posi-
five more with the ba*k gears in, mak-
rods and screws in cross rail. tion, and t'he tool will travel rapidly in
ing ten speeds in all in geometrical pro-
The feeding mechanism for each 'head the opposite direction from the.gear feed.
A belt shifter (Fig. 2) is furnished is contained in a separate case, one on It is impossible for the operator to throw

on these mills, by means of which, oper- each side of the mill. By turning the the rapid traverse in the wrong way, and
there is no chance for an accident to oc- lows mill to be stopped-pnnd started with-
cur. out stopping motor.

The motion for the rapid traverse is

obtained from the horizontal shaft at WESTERN CANADA RY CLUB.
the top through friction cones having The regular November meeting of the
cork inserts, (see C, Fig. 2). The rapid Western Canada Railway Club was held
traverse in connection with the final ad- in the Royal Alexandra Hotel, Winni-
justing collars does away with the neces- peg, Nov. 8. H. H. Vaughn, assistant
sity of hand cranking, although the ends to vice-president,C.P.R., Montreal, read
of the rods and screws in cross rail are a papei on "Fuel Economy on Testing
squared so that a crank can be used in Plants and Railroads." Grant Hal !

an emergency or when preferred. superintendent motive power, C.P.R.,

Fig. 4. -Rear View of Saddle lor Swivel Head
Winnipeg, occupied' the chair. On Dec.
Final Adjusting Collars. on New Model Mill.
13, H. B. Lake, chemist, C.P.R., Winni-

Although the rapid traverse is an in- peg, presented a paper on "Water Sup-

dispensable feature, enabling the opera- ply."

tor to quickly move the tools in any di- The next regular monthly meeting of
rection, does not allow a fine adjust-
the club will be held in the Royal Alex-

ment to be made. In the Colburn mill andra Hotel, Winnipeg, on January 10th,
both feed screws and rods in the cross at 8 o'clock. A paper will be read by
rail are splined and each has a capstan
A. E. Cox, storekeeper, Canadian North-
collar slidably fittedthereto with keys, ern Railway, on "The Stores Depart-
which fit the spline so that by turning ment and its Relation to the Other De-
the capstan collars with a small lever
partments." There will also be the con-
tinued discussion on "Water Supply,"
furnished for this purpose, the rods and
screws are turned also, (see detail, Fig. and "Copper versus Steel Fireboxes."
John Stewart, heretofore locomotive
A safety shear pin device, Fig. 5,
engineer on the I. C. R., has been ap-
placed on the rear of each end of the
pointed acting master mechanic of the
cross rail prevents injury to feed me-
Eastern Division with offices at Monc-
chanism in case the heads are acci-
ton, N.B., vice Mr. N. L. Rand, master
dentally run together.
mechanic, placed on the pension list.
Figure 6 shows a new model mill equip-
ped with constant speed motor, mounted Do your work well to-day and you
on bracket and belted to friction clutch •won't have to do it over again to-
pulley on jack shaft. Friction clutch al- Fig. 6. —View of Safety Shear Pin Device. morrow.

Fig. 3.—Details of New Model Boring and Turning Mills, Colburr Fig. 5.—Constant Speed Motor Drive as Applied to 54. 60 and 72 inch
Machine Tool Co. Now Model Mills.
Establishment or Enlargement of Factories, Mills, Power Plants, Etc.; Construc-
tion of Railways, Bridges, Etc.; Municipal Undertakings; Mining News.

Foundry and Machine Shop. The Dominion & Tack Co., Gait, have
Nail extensive shipbuilding yards and a floating dock
moved new factory. Wire nails and
into their at Esquimau. The B. C. Marine Railway Cd. is
The telephone machine factory at Waterford
drawn market wire will likely be made by the said to be interested hi the venture.
has begun operations.
company in the near future. A communication received from Mr. Tennant,
The Wabi Iron Works. Temiskaming, plan
Mr. Moorehead.
U.S. Consul at St. John, is financial man for the syndicate which proposes to
t-xtenslons for this year.
making inquiries at that city lor a Wisconsin establish large wire nail and rolling mill plants
The C.P.R. will probably; build a new round- at Fort William, indicates that the plants are to
saw-making concern, which proposes locating a
house at London, in the spring. be established in *he immediate future.
branch factory in Canada.
The Parkin Elevator Co., Gait, have decided The Goold. Shapilcy & Muir McDonald Bros.. 0/ Grand Forks, the successful
Co., Brantford, has
to open a branch office in Winnipeg. tenderers for supplying the steel piping to be
decided to erect a large new machine shop on
It is officially announced that the C(.P.R. will Wellington Street, will enlarge the capacity of used in conveying the water from Coquitlam
enlarge their Montreal roundhouse next spring. the plant for traction engines. Lake to New Westminster, have commenced work
The Stewart Machinery Co. has applied for a The Union Iron Works Co. on their new factory at the latter place.
a new concernis
permit to erect a ?30,000 warehouse at Winnipeg. which proposes to locate at Parry Sound. John H. Glover, manager of the Aylmer Pump

Extensive Improvements have been made to Youngson of the Huntsville Engine Works Co., & Scale Co.. was In Toronto recently purchas-
the office floor of the Thos. Davidson Mfg. Co., is interested in the uew concern. ing a lot of now machinery for the manufac-
Montreal. ture of scales, which will be placed in the old
The Doty Engine Works. Goderich. started its
private electric light plant for the first time re-
pork factory building recently purchased.
The Ontario Engine & Pump Co. have decided
to locate at Calgary and will buy a big block cently. There are at present about seventy-live The Thomas Davidson Co., Montr*;-.!, ) r."e

ne.vt spring. incandescent lamps on the system. purchased a block of property adjacent to the
McFarlane & Douglas have purchased the pro- works and will extend their plant. The land is
The Regina Machine & Iron Works will have a at present occupied by dwelling houses, and the
solid brick or reinforced concrete building put up perty in the rear of their present sheet metal
price paid was in the neighborhood of $15,000.
next spring. factory, at Ottawa, and plans arc in preparation
for an extension to the building. The Ontario Iron & Steel Co., Welland. have
John Dennis, one of Lindsay's pump manufac-
leta contract to the Hamilton Bridge Co.. to
moved into his new premises, a mo-
turers, has Hudson, Howell, Ormond & Marlett. of. Winni-
baild an extension 170 by 50 feet also a wing ;

dern building. peg, have applied to Regina :or a building site

which must be completed by Feb. 1. The com-
on behalf of a client who proposes to erect a
Work has been commenced on a 13 -foot ad. pany wi|l increase its present pay roll 25 per
large foundry to employ 700 men.
dition to the Provincial Steel Company's plant cent.
at Cobourg. The Canadian Iron Corporation and Mackenzie
Barnett & McQueen will build a large machine
& Mann intend spending during the coming year
The Page-Hersey Steel Tube Works. Welland. shop and warehouse next spring at Fort William.
$120,000 on the Big Pier at Port Wade, N.S.. 1or
are expected to start work next month with The machine shop will be of reinforced concrete.
the loading and export of iron ore.
two hundred men. 50 feet by 135 feet, and two storeys in height.
The Ontario Brass Rolling
Mills, New Toronto, Work on a temporary structure will be started
The Nova Scotia Steel & Coal Co. has struck
are again in operation, the plant having been at once.
a 30-foot seam of iron ore on their Wabana pro-
thoroughly overhauled by the new proprietors.
perty in Newfoundland. The Canadian Northern is said to be behind
Brass rods and sheets will be produced.
Bonuses aggregating $300,000, have been offer- the large purchase of property on the south bank
The Vulcan Iron Works. Vancouver, have let of the Fraser. and a semi-official intimation has
ed to any shipbuilding company erecting a
the contract for the erection of their new plant
plant on Halifax harbor. been made that immense car shops will be es-
on the city water lots to W. R. Gilley. It is the tablished on the 200 acres held by a subsidiary
The Western Stove Mfg. Co., with headquarters intention of the firm to increase their staff. company.
in Portland, Ore., is likely to build a plant at
by-law to partially exemp from taxation T. F. Black, Winnipeg, is in Vancouver look-
Calgary, for their Western Canadian trade.
the property of the Burrell Rock Drill Co., ing for a site for a wire factory. He may find
The Ontario Iron & Steel Co.'s plant at Wel- manufacturers of rock drills and other mining a location on the Fraser river. Should the pro-
land, which formerly imported its steel billets machinery, will be voted on by Thurlow, Ont., position go through, it will be financed by a
from the States, are now making their own. ratepayers on Jan. 4. company composed principally of British Colum-
The 1000 Island Boat & Engine Co.. Morris- The railway Board has dismissed the applica- bia men.
town, has $10,791.27 worth of orders for spring tion of the Grand Trunk Railway for an order, George A. Clare, M.P., head of the firm of
l.-liviry. They have now a force of over fifty. authorizing a connection between the tracks of Clare Bros., stove manufacturers, Preston, Ont..
The National Iron Works have secured a permit the G.T.P. and of the Canada Iron & Foundry was In Winnipeg lately, and acting in conjunc-
for their first
building on the Ashbridge Bay Co., at Fort William. tion with his local agents, Clare & Brockest,
site. Toronto. It is a brick foundry estimated to T. McAvity & Sons, who have been in the they secured a site for n large warehouse to be
cost $20,000. foundry business in St. John, N.B., for a century, erected shortly.
The range manufactured by the new stove
first associated with the McLean, Holt Co., manufac- Four firemen were injured at a fire which
firm, The Stanford Steel Range Co.. Brantford. turers, of the same city, intend to establish a broke out at the works of the Canadian Iron
waB recently on exhibition in Howie .& Teely's foundry in Fort William. & Foundry Co., on Dec. 23. The building was
window there. The sheet steel works at Morrisburg have re- badly damaged, and the loss will be about $40,-
The Dominion Iron & Steel Co. will have built sumed operations, having been partially shut 000 to the Canadian Iron & Foundry Co.. which
for next season two 10, 000-ton steamers for down owing to making repairs at the power is covered by insurance.
carrying ore from their iron deposits at Wabana, house. Two new rolls have been installed as The Berry, Transformer Co.. of Helspy. Eng-
Nffd.. to Sydney. well as two new furnaces. land, one of the largest concerns of the kind
The Gurney Foundry Co. has been granted a D. D. Mann
states that the C.N.R. will erect in England, is lookingf or a location in Can-
permit to erect a three-storey warehouse to repair shops and a roundhouse in Toronto next ada, perhaps Id London. Thjs firm will employ
cost $36,000 on Adelaide Street close to their summer Should they be given the right of en- 500 men. Sherbrooke. Toronto. Hamilton, Gait
Toronto works. try, Ashbridge's marsh will probably be the site and other cities are after this concern.
The Canada Furnace and Iron Co. burned out on which they will be built. At a recent meeting of the Medicine Hat Water
a week ago at Three Rivers, are anxious to lo- The Widespread Implement has
Co., Buffalo, Commissioners it was decided .to equip a machine
cate at Farnham, Que. From 300 to 500 men been negotiating with the municipality of Port shop at the power house with a lathe, drill, 7
would be employed. Dover, regarding the establishment of extensive h.p. gas engine and small tools. It was further
works there, consisting of a planing mill, *
decided to accept the offer of the A. R. Wil-
The warerooms of the R. Watt Machine- Works,
foundry and machine shop. liams Machinery Co., Winnipeg, for above.
at Ridgetown, Ont., were destroyed by fire on
Dee. 10., at a loss. >f about $30,000. The jnachinc A report is current that debentures are being At a cost of $1,000,000, the Montreal Street
shops were also damaged. floated to the extent of $2,000,000 in England for Ry. Co. is about to commence the erection of


a plant, consisting of car-building shops, ma- delphia ; vice-president, John Mcintosh. Alexaij- has existed, the profits wiH exceed those of last
chine shops, electrical and winding shops, black- dria : directors. Hugh Munro, Alexandria Mar-
: year by at least $100,000.
smith and paint shops, and a large building tin O. Hess, and M. T. Williams, of Manheim. Work is rapidly progressing on the hew sewer-
for the stores and material of the company. Pa. pipe plant of the Alberta Clay Products Co.,
Medicine Hat, Canada. All concrete work in con-
The Jordan-Wells Railway Supply Co. propos- Dr. Becktel, of Cleveland, representing manu-
nection with the dry-press, brick-machinery room
es to establish a plant either in North Van- facturers in the wire business in that city, says
is completed and the machinery for making brick
couver or New Westminster, with an expenditure the Standard Chain Works, of Sarnia, the Can-
of 150.000, the plant to employ 30 skilled men. adian branch of the American Standard Chain has been set. The plant will be placed in oper-
ation as soon as possible so that the remainder
Sites arenow being looked over. A proposition Co., is to be bought by the company which he
of the brick construction work can be done with
has been made to the North Vancouver council. represents. Tho present building is to 1,0 imme-
diately enlarged, and a staff of *orty or fifty brick made on the job. As planned, the build-
The Morrisburg Tack & Mfg. Co. is now a ings to be constructed will be as follows : boiler
first-class chainmakers will be employed from
fully organized concern, with Wm. Eager, pres- room, 48 x 48 ft. engine room, 30 n 48 ft.
; clay ;
the outset.
ident ; Irwin Hilliard. secretary, George N. storage house. 140 x 45 machine room, 50 x
ft. ;

Hickey, treasurer, and C. B. Russell, manager. The Waterous Engine Works Co., Brantford.. The main
60 ft., and dry-press room 40 x 40 ft.
These officers wero chosen at a rr.e'jtlng held has purchased the Seagrave Fire Apparatus
building will bo four stories high and will mea-
last month. The company capitalized tt $40,- Works at Walkerville. and will remove them to
is sure 80 x 256 ft. in dimensions. The power plant
000. Brantford. where they will be merged with the the
will develop 450 h.p. The drier will use
Waterous works, which will be extended. The
The Hayes Mfg. Co., of Erie, Pa., has secur- steam exhaust from the engines during the day
conipany has already secured additional space,
ed an option on a large piece of land at and labor steam at night.
including the plant of the Waterous Wire Nail
Montreal on which they will construct a Can- Chatham's, Ont., new stove company was
Works which will locate elsewhere. About fifty
adian branch for the manufacture of waterworks formally organized last month. The concern will
additional hands will be employed.
supplies, thus escaping the 3b per cent. duty. A be known as the Modern Malleable Range Co.,
S50.000 plant is to be erected on this land next At the annual meeting nf t'e Siiljktr Car and is capitalized at $40,000. The officers are
year. Co., held at Halifax recently ihe fminelal state- President, W. R. Landon. Chatham vice-pres- ;

The Western Drydock & Shipbuilding Co. have ment showed a net on tVe year's
profit of St, GOO ident and general manager. Fred Reissner, Lea-
filed plans and specifications of the proposed operations, which!, with a balance of $14,000 mington ; secretary-treasurer, R. Ross. Leaming-
buildings to be erected on their site at Bare from last year, made approximately $18,0CO of ton : factory the Reissner Bros.' stove works at
Point. Port Arthur. The
buildings include a net profits carried forward. The report of the Leamington directors.
Robert Gray, Manson,
warehouse, blacksmith shop, foundry, pattern, directors recommended the increasing of the Campbell and John G. Kerr, Chatham. The
shop and storage, office, power house, machino capital stock from $500,000 to $750,000. This it company takes over the business of the Reissner
shop, boiler shop and joiner shop. proposed to do by authorizing the issue of Bros., stove works at Leamington, having
commencing exten- $250,000 in 5 per cent, cumulative preferred stock. bought that concern's machinery, and will
The Cockshutt Plow Co. is
Of this amount it is proposed at this time to manufacture the "Modern" steel ran^c hitherto
sions on their plant at Brantford,
which, it is
said, may result outlay of $100,000, next
in an
Issue $125,000. manufactured by the Reissner concern. The fac-
spring. It is also stated Frost & Wood concern Arrangements have just been completed at tory will be situated on St. George Street, im-
may go to Brantford, owing to recent selling ar- London. Eng., for the erection of a dry dock mediately opposite the Gananoque Spring &
rangements entered into with the firm by the at Levis. The interests involved are the Can- Axle Co.'s plant. The management will remain
CockBhutt Co., which may result in a merger. adian Pacific, the Allans. Harland and Wolff. largely in the hands of Louis aud Fred Reissner.
Sir Charles MacLaren. representing the John They hope to be turning out stoves from the
The Bedford Stove Co. are making extensive
Burn Co., of Sheffield Mr. Davie, of Levis, Chatham factory in the course of a couple of
improvements to their buildings and manufactur- ;

who conducted the present salvage and dry months.

ing works at Bedford, Que. They have moved
dock business there, and the McArthur Perks Co..
their offices and store rooms into their recently
acquired property across the street, which have
of Canada. The same interests have made a
definite proposal to the Canadian government Structural Steel.
been fitted up for the purpose, and are re-
which they expect will be accepted for a dry Three bridges are to be built at Melfort,
modelling the former offices into a tinshop and Saek., by the Government.
dock at St. John.
show rooms.
The Canadian branch of the Crocker-Wheeler Plans have been outlined for a bridge
It was rumored Iiondon that the Canadian
at across the Elbow River at Calgary.
Mfg. Co.. of Ampere. N.J., will be located at
British Insulating Co.. of Montreal, (would estab- The Hull council awarded the contracts for
St. Catharines. The firm has one contract on
lish' a plant there. The company asks for free site. the bridge over Brewery Creek to the Trust
hand now for the City of Winnipeg in connec- Concrete & Steel Co. at $1,115.
free taxes and free water, for a period of 15
tion with the big power works. This contract
years. In return, they would employ 500 men Saskatoon citizens have voted to issue $18.-
alone amounts to $250,000. The machinery will 009 of bonds for the erection of a footbridge
and use 500 horsepower. They have a capital-
be made in St. Catharines, and It will be ne- on Twentieth Street.
ization of $5,000,000. and are looking for a suit-
cessary to greatly enlarge the factory building The B.C. Provincial Government is abont to
able site in Ontario.
the company have purchased from the city. construct a suspension bridge at Chilliwack
R. E. Cushman, representing the Canadian While they agree to start with a hundred first- to replace the one washed away.
Lead Mining and Smelting Co.. has asked the class mechanics, the company say that within The contract for the ornamental iron work
Kingston city couucil for the lowest cash price a few years they will be employing perhaps a on the Chateau Laurier, Ottawa, has been
the city will make for a smelter site. If the awarded to the Canada Foundry Co.
price is satisfactory: and exemption from taxes Sherbrooke ratepayers are petitioning the
The Newfoundland Smelting Co.. with a capi-
for ten years is given, the company will gvar- a new bridge across the St.
city council for
antee to erect on the site, a smelter, iin<» have
tal of $100,000, has Just been registered at St.
Francis River to replace the old Aylmer
it in operation in eighteen i.'onths utvv the
John's. The intention of the company is to bridge.
property is purchased.
erect a smelter at York Harbor, Bay of Islands, The contract for the structural steel in con-
with a capacity of about one hundred tons a nection with the addition to the Montreal
The construction work new steel-casting
of the
day. The company wil(l get their supply of ore Arena skating rink has been awarded to the
plant at the Londonderry, N.S.. Iron Works is
from the York Harbor property, having already Dominion Bridge Co.
Hearing completion. The open-hearth furnace is
one year's supply ahead of them. They also The Canadian Bridge Co., Walkerville, has
practically completed, also the coke ovens. Af-
hope to get a quantity of ore from outside been awarded the contract for the super-
ter the instalation of a sand-mixer, a traveling structure of the Cambie Street bridge at
concerns, and anticipate that with it will give
crane, a metal saw, and some other machinery, Vancouver at 8439,210.
a boom tqj the copper mining industries in
the work of casting will commence. The plant H. C. Stone, Montreal, has awarded the con-
Vewfoundland. The company will export the
will use oil in place t5 coal for fuel.
copper to Swansea and New York.
tract for the steel work on the extension of
W. E. Redway. Toronto, submitted a propo- the Beardmore building to the Dominion
At a meeting of the directors of the Nova Bridge Co., of Lachine.
sition looking the establishment
to of a ship-
Scotia Steel & Coal
Co. held in Montreal, re- The contract for the extension to stores at
building industry at Belleville. He wants a free
cently, it was decided that as the profit and 1133 St.Catherine street west, for the David
site, $10,000 worth of dredging done by the city,
loss account on Dec. 31, 1908. showed a .bal- Ouimet Estate, have been awarded. The steel
a loan of $25,000 without interest, to be repaid work goes to the Phoenix Bridge Co.
ance of $1,219,221 of accumulated profits, a
at the rate of $1,000 a year, and exemption from The Montreal City Council will ask the
stock bonus or dividend of 20 p.c. to common
taxes other than school taxes. In return he pro- C.P.R. Co. to construct a bridge from La-
shareholders be recommended. Each shareholder
poses to build a plant valued at $30,000. croix to Montcalm streets, in order to main-
will receive one share of common stock for
The Canadian Bond Hanger & Coupling Co., a every five shares now held by him. It was also
tain the traffic on Notre Dame street.

Canadian branch of the Bond Co.. operating in resolved to pay a cash dividend of 1 per cent.
Work has begun on the pile driving in pre-
Manhefm, Pa., and capitalized at $75,000. will paration for an iron bridge to be placed
on the common stock of the company. It was
over the Dudgeon Creek, on the Salisbury
start operations in February at Alexandria. The stated that business for 1909 has been fairly- and Alfcert Railway at Hopewell Hill, N.B.
directors are : President, Charles Bond, Phila- good, and notwithstanding the depression which The bridge is to be a 50-foot span.
: .

The tender from the Jenks-Dreaser Co., of Mount Forest ratepayers will, on January izing plants will be put into operation as
Sarnia. for $1,000, for the supply, erection 3, vote on a by-law to aid the enlargement soon as possible. Some of the principals of
and completion of steel floor beams and of Leslie Brothers' planing mill and factory, these companies were in Toronto recently to
posts for the new engine room at the main in that town, by granting them free water consider the establishing of Canadian plants
pumping station at Toronto was accepted. for the use of the factory, and a limited controlled by a Canadian company, which is
It is understood that the O.P.E. has made assessment and taxes. now in process of formation. The Newfound-
Guelph a most important proposition to pro- Negotiations have been in progress for land operations would have in view only the
tect the Eramosa road and Heffernan street some time with Senator Thompson for secur- market of the Atlantic seaboard. Other
crossings by the erection of overhead bridges ing the Estey mill site near
Fredericton, plantB may be erected in Ontario and British
if the city will undertake the responsibility Columbia. The Newfoundland undertaking is
for the erection of the new
mill which a
of protecting Allan's crossing. company that is being organized intend to capitalized at $5,000,900, and the Canadian
The Ontario Railway and Municipal Board erect there next spring. company, with head offices in Toronto, at
ordered the City of Guelph and the Guelph The Royal City Shingle Mills, New West- $1,000,000.
Radial Railway Co. to forthwith construct a ii iuster, B.C., have been temporarily closed
new four-span steel bridge over the Speed down while the machinery is receiving its
River on the Dundas road, in accordance annual overhauling. Now boilers and smoke- General Manufacturing News. .

with the report of P. L. Somerville, C.E. stacks are being installed.

The Manitoba Pump & Windmill Bran- Co.,
P. H. Barnes, C.E., has made an examina- The dry kiln and heading mill at the Wal- don, extending its premises.
tion of the proposed bridge sites at Victoria laceburg Cooperage Co.'s plant, Wallaceburg,
for the Trinity Valley road, finding the sug The J. B. Snowball Co. will erect a grist
Ont., have been destroyed by fire. The ad-
gested locations suitable and estimating the mill at Chatham, Ont., next fall.
joining mills were saved through the efforts
cost of the bridge at §5.000. It is believed of the fire department. The heading mill is The construction of the Wetland glass
that the bridge will be built by the Govern- a complete loss, but will be rebuilt. works will be commenced next spring.
ment this season. Irwin & Sons, of Homings Mills, have pur- The Tudhope Carriage Co.'s works at
The Western Iron Works Co. are complet- chased the building formerly occupied by S. Orillia started operations last month.
ing the ornamental work on the new Canada Hill as a sash and door factory at Markdale. The San Francisco Stone Co., is considering
Permanent building at Winnipeg, and have and will fit up the building with modern a proposition of starting a plant at Calgary.
commenced the erection of elaborate orna- machinery for the manufacture of skewers, The manufacturers of the Chamberlain
mental work on the new McArthur building. fork handles, etc. They will employ 20 weather strip propose locating a branch fac-
They are also filling many important con- hands or upwards. tory at St. John.
tracts in Calgary and Edmonton.
The Canada Woodenware Co., whose plant J. Scott, of Port Huron, Mich., proposes
Tenders for the substructure of the new at Ossekeag, N.B., was burned in June, 1907, establishing a refrigerator
Quebec bridge, of which the estimated cost is manufacturing
is being reorganized, and sufficient capital is plant at Camrose, Alta.
to be $10,000,000, and which is to be completed being secured to build an up-to-date plant
in four years, were delivered to the Depart- Joseph Blairmore, B.C., contem-
Little, of
at South Bay. N.B. George C. Weldon, presi-
ment of Railways and Canals in Ottawa, plates establishing one of the largest lime
dent of the S. Hayward Co., is president of
November 30. The weight of the superstruc- burning industries in Canada, at Frank,
the company, and William Brown, of Hamp- Alta.
ture to be carried will be 130,000,000 lbs., ton, will be in charge oi the business.
whereas the weight of the superstructure of The pulp works at Swanson Bay (Prince
Statistics of the lumber industry in British Rupert) of the Canadian Pacific Sulphite
the bridge that collapsed was to be but 70,-
Columbia show that the total number of Pulp Co., are now working to their fullest
000,000lbs. The cost of the steel in the new sawmills is 204; capacity, approximate aver-
bridge is to be about $7,500,000. Nickel-steel capacity.
age, 8,080,000 feet a day; shingle mills, 45,
is be largely used. It is expected that
with a capacity of 2,250,000 yearly, logging A Vancouver syndicate, Auld, Gwynn &
tenders for the steel work will be called for McLarty, representing the Northern Oil Co..
comps, 265; donkey engines and logging
about May 1.
locomotives, 267; horses employed, 1,500; are looking for a site for an oil refinery near
men employed, 17,000; number of mills Esquimalt.
Planing Mill News.
closed, 17. Aid. Martin, Cobalt, will erect a $50,000
The Bruce Mines Sawmills Co. have just hotel before next spring, the building to be
completed a new plant. John Bell, of A. G. Lambert & Co., Nelson,
six storeys in height, of fireproof construc-
Russell & Son are erecting a heavy
B.C., and Thomas
B. White, of Johnson.
port- White & manufacturers of hardwood
tion throughout.
able sawmill at Thornloe, Ont.
lumber, staves and hoops, Kolapore, Ont.,
Prescott ratepayers will on January 3 vote
Hewson-Campbell & Dail have started a have acauired from the Boundary Develop- on the question of granting aid to the
shingle mill at Aldergrove, B.C. ment & Exploration Co., of Greenwood, B.C., Ogdensburg Soda Pulp Co. to establish a
A permit has been granted Elliott 4 Son, a ten-acre mill site near Midway, in the branch factory there.
for a furniture factory at Toronto. Boundary district, and will erect a good- The Collins Mfg. Co., Toronto, have moved
Keenan Brothers, Owen Sound, are build- sized sawmill before spring. into their new factory on Symington Avenue,
ing a sawmill at Miller Lake, Ont. The North Pacific Lumber Co., of Barnet, adjoining the C.P.R. tracks, in the north-
B.C., who were burned out recently, are re- western part of the city.
The Golden Lake Lumber Eganville,
Ont.. are making building their plant and are expected to use Mr. Sterett; of the Independent Asphalt
additions to their mill.
electric drive. They have placed their order Co., Seattle, is looking into the possibilities
A new
planing mill and sash and door fac- with the Vancouver office of the Allis-Ohal- for locating a branch plant at Vancouver,
tory is to be erected shortly at Vancouver. mers-Bullock, Limited, for one 600 k.w., 3- to cost in the neighborhood of $40,000.
A. and F. Fraser are about to construct a pl.ase, 60-cycle, 2,200-volt standard engine
M. Townsley & Son, Minneapolis, manufac-
sawmill at the head of Hazley's Bay, near type alternating current generator, one en-
turers of cable lightning arrestors, are look-
Pembroke. gine type direct current exciter generator,
ing over the ground at Brandon with a view
An up-to-date shingle mill is being added and a three-panel switchboard for the con- to finding a location for a branch.
t the Harriston Lake, B.C., plant of the Rat trol of generator, esciter and power circuits.
The Winnipeg Oil Co. have made applica-
1'ortage Lumber Co. Upon
the re-opening of traffic in the North
tion for a site at Moose Jaw, where they will
The Globe Furniture Co., of Walkerville, Arm, which is now blocked by the construc-
erect a plant, with storage, cooperage, bar-
Ont.. have sold their plant and are planning tion of the new bridge, the Westminster
reling and also a tank, capacity, 12,000
to shingle mill on Lulu Island, B.C., will com-
continue elsewhere. gallons.
mence operations. The mill will have a
The Brooks-Scanlon Lumber Co. are plan- daily capacity of 150.000 shingles. Six shingle The new plant of the Sydney Slag Brick
ning to erect a large sawmill on the Fraser machines are included in the plant. It is Sydney. C.B.. which has been under
Co., at
Kivir at New Westminster. the intention of the company to erect a construction the past several months, is now
The Saginaw Salt & Lumber Co. are to large lumber mill shortly, to which the completed and the manufacture of brick has
expend about $15,000 in improvements on shingle mill will be an auxiliary. Construc- been commenced.
their sawmill at Thessalon. tion will probably be started in the spring. The Brandon Shoe Co., whose factory was
Hugh Baird & Son, Markdale, Ont., intend The B.C. Gazette gives notice of the in- destroyed at Aylmer by a boiler explosion,
to erect a sawmill at Thornbury, with a corporation of the following companies will go to Brantford, backed by local capi-
capacity of 50,000 feet daily. Christie .& Co., capital $40,000, incorporated tal. A site has been secured and a new
to construct, build and operate sawmills, factory will be "erected as soon as possible.
U.S. capitalists have about completed ar-
rangements for the erection of a large basket shingle mills, sash, door and box factories The D'Israeli Asbestos Co., Que., have placed
and box works at New Westminster, B.C. and operate the same; J. A. Dewar Co., a contract for locomotives and cars in New
capital $250,000, incorporated to carry on the York, necessary for their railroad. The equip,
Donald Fra3er & Sons will erect another business of timber merchants, sawmill pro-
mill at Fredericton, to take the place of tbe
. ment is expected in February, when every-
prietors. shingle mill proprietors, lumber- thing will be ready for starting operations.
Aberdeen mill which was destroyed some men, manufacturers of woodenware in all or
years ago by fire. any of its branches, pulp or paper manufac- The People's Ice
financed by well-
The Canadian Pacific Lumber Co.'s saw and turers, etc.; Sechelt Logging Co., capital known business men of Toronto, with the
shingle mill at Port Moody, B.C., which has $5,000. assistance of practical 'ice manufacturers,
been closed down for some months, will re- Another large deal in Newfoundland lum- have decided to erect a plant at that place
mine cutting early in January. to produce "Absopure" ice, under rigid sani-
ber has been closed by American capitalists,
tary conditions.
The Hunting Lumber Co. whose sawmill Canadians are also interested. The National
was recently destroyed by fire, will build a Vt lcanization Corporation, of the United A creosoting plant will be erected on Bur-
new mill on a site recently secured on Bur Stutcs. and the Lumber Securities Corpora- rard Inlet. B.C., at a cost of several hundred
rard Inlet, between Barnet and Port Moody, tion, are associated with the purchasing In- thousand dollars. In association with several
lie. terests, and pulp and saw mills and vulcan- Vancouver capitalists, H. R. Rood, head of
57 . . .
the Pacific Creosoting Co., of Seattle, will be dition the Standard Engineering Co. have made Incorporators. E. F. Surveyer, G. V. Cousins
in charge of the undertaking. a number of large instalations of stoker fired and C. A. Hale, Montreal.
Among the British concerns which intend steel heating furnaces in the United States. Lcthbridge Collieries. Ltd., Montreal capital. ;

to locate branches in Canada are Doulton & to take over the Lethbridge Collieries
The Mumford Molding Mch. Co.. has been or- $3,000,000 :

Co.. makers of the famous Doulton ware;

ganized and will sell the foundry molding ma- Co., and operate coal, oil and mineral proper-
Haw A Co., one of the largest makers of
fancy tiles, and Hope 4 Co., of Birmingham, chines heretofore sold by the E. H. Mumford ties. Incorporators, E. F. Surveyer, G. V.
manufacturers of locks and ornamental iron Co.. Philadelphia. The machines will be manu- Cousins and C. A. Hale, Montreal.
work. factured by the Q.M.S. Co.. at Plainfield, N.J.. The British Columbia Gazette contains notice
The new fuel testing plant of the Depart, and the Mumford Molding Mch. Co., will have of the incorporation of W. J. Pendray Co.,
ment of Mines at Ottawa has been completed, its sales office at 30 Church St., N.Y. W. D. with a capital of $500,000 to take over the busi-
and it only remains to instal the machinery. Sargent is president, and E. H. Mumford, is ness carried on by W. J. Pendray under the
The first use which will be made of the build- vice-president and general manager of the new
ing will be to demonstrate that peat is an trade name of the B.C. Soap Works and the
ideal fuel for the production of power gas.
company. British American Paint Co.
Already 70 tons of peat have been delivered The Canadian Fairbanks Co.. announce that
at the building. Ihey have been appointed the exclusive sales
Two new industries will commence opera- agents for Canada for Dicks' Balata Belting McKinnon, Holmes & Co.
tions in Berlin during the next few weeks. and have purchased the business of J. S. McKinnon, Holmes & Co. have formed a
The Berlin Fuel Savers Co. have leased part Young. All orders in the future should be sent limited company under the above title with
of the old market building and will make
direct to their nearest branch house. Large J. W. Bowman, President; G. D. McKinnon,
the new fuel saver and heat generator, which
stocks are carried at the present time at Mont- E.A.Sc, Vice-President and General Man-
has been patented; and Wm. J. and Fred.
and Vancouver, and stocks are on the ager; and A. R. Holmes, O.E., Secretary and
Witte have returned from Newark, N.J., and treal
Treasurer. Their offices and works are
have leased a flat, where they will manufac- way to the branches at St. John, N.B.. To-
located at Sherbrooke, their specialty being
ture high-grade buttons. ronto and Winnipeg. steel plate and structural work, including
The West Canadian Co., which operates coal construction of bridges, water tanks, water
mines at Lille and Bellevue, and is opening wheels, boilers, elevators, etc. Steel shapes
a new mine at Blairmore, has under way New Companies. will be carried in stock for immediate ship-
the construction of an entire new operating Jones Hardware Co., Uxbridge share capital ment.
plant at its Bellevue collieries, which, when
completed, will constitute probably the finest
mining equipment yet installed in The Pass. Cassiar Coal Co.. Toronto : capital. $2,000,- An Industrious City.
The plant will include the most modern ap- C00 ; to develop coal and mineral properties. "Turn Wellandward," is one of the neatest
pliances for the expeditious and economical Incorporators, A. Dods, R. McKay and G. recent booklets issued by any industrial
handling of coal, and when ready for opera- centre. In Welland, at least a dozen branches
Grant, Toronto.
tions will enable the company to put on of United States industries have been estab-
the cars 2,000 tons of coal on an eight-hour Colonial Transportation Co., Ltd., Toronto ; lished during the three past years. Its
shift. The improvements complete will en- share capital, $100,000 provisional directors, A. ; population has increased over 300 per cent.
tail an expenditure of approximately M. Boyd. M. P. Arnold. M. McPhee, R. B. Hen- in the past five years. Among the industries
derson, andW. W. Sloan. illustrated are M. Beatty & Sons, Ontario
Port Arthur's industrial committee has Iron & Steel Co.; Robertson Machinery Co.;
Canada Pipe and Steel Co., Toronto share
closed an agreement with the Canadian Linen
Canada Forge (Jo.; Canadian Billings &
A Paper Co., represented by E. P. Bender, capital, provisional directors, J. L.
$100,000 ;
Spencer;Plymouth Cordage Co.; Supreme
Winnipeg; Dr. Phar, Winnipeg; H. F. Forest, Ross, A. W. Holmsted, O. R. Bickerstaff, W. L. Heating Co., etc. Welland is in the electric
Winnipeg, and Prof. Meygret, France, to Carr, and E. M. Carruthers. zone and is one of Canada's growing cities.
locate a manufactory there for the making The interesting booklet, full of information,
The Universal Electric Economy Co., Mont-
of linen and paper from flax. The company is issued by J. D. Payne, Secretary Board of
real capital, $20,000 to manufacture electrical
gets 50 acres site free, but no bonus, except : ;
Trade, and B. J. McCormick, Industrial Com-
tax elimination. It will start May 1, 1910, appliances. Incorporators, E. F. Surveyer, G. missioner, Welland.
on the erection of a $50,000 plant, and will V. Cousins and C. A. Hale, Montreal.
spend $250,000 in five years and employ at The Thetford Asbestos Syndicate, Montreal ;
least 150 men. The company will use an en- capital, $100,000 to develop asbestos properties
New Wire and Nail Plant.
tirely new and secret process, making linen Negotiations are in progress for the erec-
Irj Quebec province. Incorporators, G. V. Cou-
at a greatly reduced cost. One of the prin-
sins, C. A. Hale and P. F. Brown. Montreal. tion of a wire and nail plant at Fort Wil-
cipal reasons in coming here is to get water
liam. Prominent Montreal capitalists, in-
and air free from alkali. The F. and L. Co.. Toronto, capital. $75,000 ;
cluding H. S. Holt, president of the Montreal
to manufacture and deal in products of iron Light, Heat & Power Co., and F. W. Thomp-
and wood. Incorpotators, Jas. Fowler, Toronto, son, second vice-president and managing
Trade Notes. and Jas. Wilson and W. B. Campbell, Detroit. director of the Ogilvie Milling Co.. are in-
terested. Interviewed on the project, Mr.
The Canadian Inspection have removed
Co., The Electro-Steel Co., of Canada, Toronto ;
Holt said that they were progressing as
their Toronto offices fromMelinda St., to
37 capital, $100,000 ; to treat, smelt and refine rapidly as possible, but it was impossible to
Stair Bldg., cor. of Adelaide and Bay Streets. mineral ores by electric process. Incorporators. say how soon they would commence the erec-
J. S. Lovell. W. Bain and R. Gowans, Toronto. tion of the plant. Mr. Holt further said.
Smith. Kerry & Chace, consulting engineers,
The Stratford Carriage Motor Co.. Strat-
"The advantages of a plant at Fort William
Toronto, have opened up an office in the Winch ft
are threefold. There is cheap fuel, and cheap
Bldg., Vancouver, which will be the head office ford : capital, $100,000 ; to manufacture car- raw material, for the Soo Corporation will
for Western Canada. riages and automobiles. Incorporators, M. L. soon erect a steel rod mill at their plant,
J. L. Goodhue
Danville, P.O.., makers
Evely, F. J. Walker, and Alex. Faill. Strat- which will give us raw material practically
ford. at our doors. We will also have cheap water
o.f "Standard" and "Acme
the brands "Extra," power. No definite plans have yet been
Waterproof" of leather belting, have been in- Morrisburg Tack Mfg. Co., Morrisburg capital ;
drawn up, but we are progressing as fast as
corporated under the name J. L. Goodhue & $40,000, to manufacture and deal in tacks, possible with negotiations."
Co.. Limited, with capital of $190,000. There brads and small nails. Incorporators. Wm.
will be no change in the management. Eager. G. N. Hickey and Andrew Broder, Mor-
G % E. Mason, representing the Lancashire New Coke Ovens at Soo.
Dynamo Motor Co., has opened up offices at
ft TheAutomatic Gas Co.. Montreal capital. ;

$100,000 to manufacture and deal in gas en- The Lake Superior Corporation has placed
152-4 Bay St., Toronto and will manage tho ;

a contract for the instalation of a system of

Canadian business of this company. They spe- gines, etc. Incorporators. W. Farwell, Sher-
by-product coke ovens, at the Soo plant.
cialize in motors and dynamos motors being ;
brooke and F. Paul and W. G. McConnell.
The apparatus will consist of a series of 110
constructed for machine tools, foundries, etc. Montreal. ovens, arranged in two batteries, each of 55
The Shawinigan Cotton Co., Montreal capi- ovens. The type of oven will be the same as
The Mining ft Milling Co., Mexico,
Soledad ;

tal.$1,000,000 to construct and operate cotton

is being erected at Gary, Ind. The cost of
have Installed complete mills for amalgamation ;
the plant will be about 81.500.000. The charge,
and cyanidation. the machinery consisting of and woollen factories. Incorporators, A. C. of coal for each oven will be about 13 tons,
four Nissen Stamps, machinery complete tor re- Calder, T. E. Gadbois, and Oscar Gagnon. all making a total charge for the 110 ovens of
grinding, steam power plant, electrical equip- of Montreal. over 1,400 tons of coal. The yield of coke
ment, the complete order being placed with Canadian Bond Hanger and Coupling Co., Ot- per oven will be about 10% tons, or nearly
1,200 tons per day. For the generation of
Fairbanks-Morse ft Co. tawa capital, $4n,0O0
: to carry on business of ;
industrial power nearly 10.000.000 cubic foot
The StandardEngineering Co.. 47 Wellington founders, machinists, millwrights, etc. Incor- of surplus gas will be available. Indicated
St.. Toronto, have installed in tho works of the porators, W. C. Perkins, M. C. Edey, and A. by heat units, the quality of this gas repre-
Montreal Mills Co.. 1—No. 6. type R stoker W. Fraser. Ottawa. sents a heat value of about 200 tons of good
horseshoe furnace 1— No. 6. type R stoker bolt Calgary Power coking coal. The distinguishing feature of
; Co.. Montreal : capital, $3.-
this system is the extraction of ammonia
furnace 1 ; —
No. 6. type R stoker nut furnace, 000.000 ; to build and operate an electric light. direct from the gas in the form of sulphate
making the fifth order from this work. In ad- heat and power company throughout Canada. of ammonia, without the employment of a

water scrubbing process. An improvement cent, of the world's total production
in the coke quenching arrangement will of Musselburgh. Scotland, have issued a catalogue
be instituted, so that instead of having
aluminum. Last year, however, the company
a did not output more than 8,000,000 of cast steel drill rods and silver steel
rods for
coke bench the coke will be pushed into a at the present time is not operating
lbs. and
drills, taps. etc. Sizes,
coke quenching car. It is expected that 'more prices and directions for
the than half its capacity. Through reductions hardening are given. Steel wire
plant will be in operation by January, In any size Is
1911. in price the company expects made by
to popularize this company, the many shapes being
the use of aluminum and greatly
increase its illustrated in their catalogue.
Tallman Brass & Metal REFRIGERATION MACHINERY-Catalogue A
Co. from the Vilter Mfg. Co.. Milwaukee, Wis.,
Tallman Brass & Metal Co., which occu- CATALOGUES. scribes refrigeration and ice making

pied quarters tn Wellington street north machinery.

DROP FORGE OPEN TURNBUCKLES-Price The catalogue is well illustrated showing the
for 13 years, have opened up their large
new list with sizes turnbuckles
ol from Canadian progress of work through their shops
and com-
factory and foundry on Wilson street, east
of Sanford avenue, Hamilton, and are quick-
Billings & Spencer, Welland. pleted machinery for varioUB systems.
ly getting down to hard work to execute the UNDERWRITER STEAM PUMPS-Bulletin 35
are also given. Tho catalogue is full of
many orders they have on hand for the from Canada Foundry Co.. Toronto, describes
ation in regard to ice machinery.
winter trade. Tallman Brass & Metal Co. the Underwriter Steam CHUCKS—The
Pumps from 500 to 1.500 Skinner Chuck Co..
New Brit-
manufacture Arctic metal, and in their new gal. per min. capacity. ain. Conn., 1909 Price List,
x 7i. 48 pages. 4
establishment have more than doubled
every branch of their business. The Arctic BRIDGES & STRUCTURAL STEEL-Circular Lathe, drill and planer chucks, face plate
metal department has been increased to four from the Hamilton Bridge reamer and assembling stands, and drill press
Works showing a
times its previous capacity. The metals used bird's-eys-view of their works, including vises. Each different style of chuck
is illustrat-
by this enterprising firm are imported direct, the new
buildings recently constructed. ed by half-tone cuts. The company also
and the company does a fine jobbing busi- special chucks for holding automobile
ness in tin, lead, copper and aluminum HYATT STANDARD BUSHINGS-Bulletin MOM gears and
parts, in addition to those shown in Mdt.
ingots and antimony. Brass castings are a describing the high duty type of
Hyatt stand-
specialty and the instalment of new and up- ard bushings, has been issued by the FUEL OIL AND GAS BURNING APPLIANCES
Hyatt Rol-
to-date machinery and equipment enables the ler Bearing Co.. Newark,
N. J.
—The W. S. Rockwell
Church Street.
Co., 50
company to turn out orders in quick time in New York City,
the best of style. BEAM AND COLUMN DATA-This book of
is sending
pamphlet to the a
foundry trade, which illustrates a few of the
The very latest machinery, including an data is sent with the compliments of Ernest latest types of Rockwell furnaces, fuel oil
ore crusher, which effects a great saving in McCullough, C.E., chief engineer Northwestern and
gas burning appliances. A number of views of
metal, has been installed, and the brass Expanded Metal Co.. 930 Old Colony Bldg., fuel oil and gas burners, as well
furnaces are of the latest pattern. All gases Chicago, 111. as Rockwell
and fumes are carried putside of the building fuel oil pumping system are also included.
Catalogue on bond paper, describes punches and
NEW TOOLS-The L. S. Starrett Co., Athol.
Type metals, all grades of solder and ingot Mass.. have issued a booklet describing
metals are manufactured in the new plant. shearing machines, universal boilermakers - the new
tools, tools for machinists and engineers recently plac-
A fireproof pattern storage vault has been rolls, etc., manufactured by the
Covington Ma-
built and the whole place is practically ed on the market. These include protractors.
chine Co., Covington-, Va.
fireproof and equipped with fire and burglar gauges, verniers, micrometer, calipers, dividers,
alarms. HORIZONTAL MILLING MACHINES-A folder etc. Descriptions of a number of these
from the Fosdick Machine Tool Co., Cincinnati. ed in recentof Canadian Machinery.
Ohio, gives the features of No. and 2 Horizontal Copies of this booklet will be sent on request.
Boring. Drilling and Milling Machines recently
Another Canadian Industry. described in Canadian Machinery.
MILLING MACHINES—Catalogue 17 from
Kearney & Trecker. Milwaukee, Wis., is a hand-
The Northern Aluminum Co.,which recently FIRE CLAY. BRICKS— James Dougall & Sons. some volume, 80 pages. 6x9 Ins., printed on
established offices in the Traders Bank build- Bonnyside Fire Clay Works. Bonnyside, Scot- bond paper. The catalogue is very complete,
ing. Toronto, and which has secured large
land, represented in Canada by S. Galbraith, 73
orders for aluminum wire for the Hydro- showing the growth of the Kearney & Trecker
Electric power system, intends to inaugurate Dupont St., Toronto. The catalogue contains milling machine. Following this is a descrip-
an active campaign to introduce their cook- 134 illustrations of firebrick shapes, etc. tion in detail of their millers, each part being
ing utensils to the retail hardware trade in ELECTRIC FURNACES—A illustrated. Instructions
catalogue issned are given for their
Canada. For the present the stock will be by the American Electric Furnace Co., 45 Wall operation.
imported but a site has, it is understood,
St., New York, and Niagara Falls, Ont., de-
been selected for a Canadian factory at ANNEALING AND HARDENING FURNACES—
either Niaeara Falls or Brockville, near their scribes and illustrates in large half tones the W. S. Rockwell. Hudson Terminal Building, 50
existine plants at Niagara Falls and Mas- Kjellin, Colby and Rochling-Rodenhauser sys- Church St., New York, have issued a pamphlet
sena. New York. The company already has tems. dealing with furnaces suitable for annealing.
furnaces and a wire plant at Shawinigan
RECORDING INSTRUMENTS—Bulletin 103 is- hardening, tempering or case-hardening of tools.
Falls, Quebec. The Northern Aluminum Co.
sued by the Bristol Co.. Waterbury, Conn., deals taps. dies, punches, machine parts, etc. The
has already introduced its kitchenware in
Toronto, and other cities. with recording instruments for blast furnace, furnaces can be operated with either gas or oil
The Northern Aluminum Co. is a branch plants for steam and blast pressures. Record as fuel. Full information as to size, gas or oil
of the Aluminum Company of America, charts are illustrated, besides a number of other consumption, etc., is given.
whose headouarters are at Pittsburg, and recording instruments. TOOL HOLDERS—Armstrong
which recently declared a stock dividend of Bros.. Tool Co..
500 per cent, and gave notice that it would PORTABLE TOOLS— S. Obermayer Co., 641 339 N.
Francisco Ave., Chicago, have issued a
increase its capital from $3,200,000 to $25,000.- Evans St., Cincinnati, Ohio, have issued a new catalogue No. 18. listing. with prices, tool
000. The company is now paying the equi- catalogue of their Peerless A.C. and D.C. elec- holders for turning, planing, boring, slotting,
valent of 24 per cent, per annum on its com- tric tools. These include illustrated descrip- threading. cutting off and drilling metals.
mon stock, which sold some months ago as tions of chipping hammers, hand drills, breast Among the new goods listed in this catalogue
high as $350 per share and in 1907 at $500 are automatic drill drifts, pages 68 and 69. plain
drills, reamers, grinders, etc.
per share. The declaration of a stock divi-
drill drift, page and
dend has been expected lor the last three MOLDING MACHINES-Catalogue 23 from the 67 standard reversible
years, but was delayed by the 1907 panic and Arcade Mfg. Co., Freeport, 111., describes the ratchet drills, pages 60 and 61.
is part of the general plans of the company modern molding machine. The catalogue is an GEAR CUTTING MA CHINES-1909 catalogue
to enlarge the scope of its operations. The interesting article on the molding machine il- No. 1. of machines designed and manufactured
stock dividend entails the issuance of $16,000.- by Newark Gear Cutting Machine Co., 66 Union
lustrated throughout with the Arcade machine.
000 additional stock, brineine the outstand-
The jolting machine is also described. St., Newark. This company was formerly Eber-
ing common up to $19,200,000. In 1904 the
company had but $1,600,000 common out- hardt Bros. The catalogue contains illustrated
STANDARD GAUGES—Accuracy is the keynote
standing, but declared a 100 per cent, stock descriptions of automatic spur, bevel, skew and
of the catalogue describing the "Johansson"
dividend in that year. combination standard gauges manufactured by face gear cutting machines, hobbing machines,
The company, through one of its subsidi- etc. Tables and rules of gearing are included,
Gronkvist Drill Chuck Co., 18 Morris St..
aries, recently applied to the Canadian Gov- making a very complete
Jersey City, N.J. Different gauges are described. reference catalogue.
ernment for the privilege of damming the
St Lawrence River below Brockville, so as and illustrated with their applications. CONVEYING MACHINERY-Catalogue No. 81
to create 80,000 horse-power to be used at General Chain Catalogue from the Jeffrey Mfg.
EMERY WHEELS—No. from Prescott 20,
Massena, where the company has a $5,000,000 Emery Wheel Co.. Prescott, Ont. The catalogue Co., Columbus, Ohio. Contains full description
investment. and price lists of their various types of chains
In spite of the expiration in February last deals with emery wheels, grinders and polishers
and conveying machinery, trucks, hoists and
of the patents under which aluminum has of all kinds and various attachments for grind.
other accessories contingent on the rapid hand-
been made in the United States, the Alum- ers. Prices are given for the different machines.
ling and transmission of raw and finished pro-
inum Company has not as yet met with any This is a good reforence catalogue which should
new competition. ducts. The book contains 368 pages and is pro-
be kept on file.
The present capacity of the Aluminum fusely illustrated. They have also issued bulle-
Ccmnany is understood to be about 20,000,- STEEL DRILL RODS AND SPRING WIRES— tin No. 13 descriptive of the Jeffrey electric and
000 lbs. per annum, which is nearly 40 per W. N. Bruntorj & Son, steel wire manufacturers, air power coal cutters. This illustrates the cut-
the issued detailed information, these cata-
giving larger of the extensions contemplated is that
ters in actual service and describes fully
They have
of the Montreal Steel Works.
method of operation. Copies on request, if this logues being indicated by a letter. Section A
secured a splendid tract of land of about 36
paper is mentioned. deals with automatic cold press nut. bolt and acres in Longue Pointe, East Montreal. The
rivet machinery, B machinery for manufacturing land is bounded in front by the St. Lawrence
catalogue of grinding hinges and butts irom 6hect steel and brass, River. The tracks of the Montreal Terminal
Co.. Providence. R. I.,
cartridge machinery for making metallic cases, Railway, and the Canadian Northern cross at
and polishing machinery, comprises floor grind- the north giving first-class shipping facili-
etc., D drop presses, F foot presses and 6crew
ing machines, motor driven grinders, wet tool ties. It is expected that ground will be
presses, G chain draw benches for tubing and
grinders, automatic face grinders, locomotive broken as soon as the frost allows.
guide bar grinders, roll grinders, surface grind-
rods, H
hydraulic draw benches, knuckle K
ers, gun barrel machinery, internal grinders, joint embossing presses, L lathes burnish-

latho grinder attachments, drill grinders, polish-

ing, knurling, etc., M single acting open back

ing and buffing machines, polishing wheels, power presses, N single acting blanking and TORONTO.
drawing presses, P double acting power presses,
emery wheels, strapping machines, disc grinders, While business is a little dull around the
R rolling mills. S shear presses and alligator
etc. holiday season, yet the year closed with a
shears, T finishing machinery. Ij muffles, cast-
ing shops and furnaces.
good volume of business. The Government
Foundry Specialists, Erie, Pa., have trade returns show large increases of each
"Foundry Effi- month in 1909 over the corresponding month
issued an interesting booklet. in 1908. It is expected that the opening of
ciency Through Betterments in the Engineering BOOK REVIEWS. the year will see a great increase in the
and Accounting Branches." As stated on the buying.
front of the booklet. "Chemistry of results is
THE PREVENTION OF INDUSTRIAL ACCI- Canadian railroads will soon be on the
DENTS. By Frank E. Law. M.E., and Wil- market, placing some large orders. The
just as important to the success of the foundry
liam Newell, A.B.. M.E. Published by the C.N.R. and G.T.P. are arranging terminal
as a business, as chemistry of iron is to the
Fidelity and Casualty Co., New York. Price facilities and repair shops, and some good
success of the melting operations." The book-
25 cents. orders for heavy machinery will no doubt
let deals with the betterment of foundry ser- be the result. It is expected that the first
vice and may be had by mentioning Canadian This is a paper covered book of 190 pages and of the C.N.R. shops will be located in To-
Machinery. contains 72 illustrations. It contains a large ronto. This road has been rapidly extend-
ing its lines, and has yet no repair shops.
MACHINERY—The Waterbury Farrel Foundry amount of useful information in regard to the
Attention must soon be given therefore to
& Machine Waterbury. Conn., have issued
Co.. prevention of accidents in various kinds ol
repair shops for rolling stock.
a general catalogue of 205 pages. 6x9 ins., manufacturing and includes boilers, engines, ele- In the United States the leading manufac-
hard covers, printed on bond paper and well il- vators, together with wood-working and metal- turers of lathes recently announced an ad-
lustrated. It forms a general reference book, working machinery. Every manufacturer, his vance in prices. The reason given is that
briefly reviewing their most prominent types. superintendents and his foremen should read this many improvements have been made in
several classifications book for the information and suggestions that lathes. Sensitive drills have also been in-
These are divided into
creased. There is no question about the re-
from A to U. Separate catalogues have been it contains.
cent improvements made in lathes, the one
of to-day having more than double the
rapacity for work over the one of two or
three years ago.
Industries generally in Ontario are busy
and there is a good demand for foundry sup-
Canadian Machine Tool Markets plies and equipments. The jobbing foun-
dries are busy supplying castings, and ma-
chine shops are busier than they have been
trade in the finished articles. Lead has been for two years.
THE METAL SITUATION. fluctuating, and is the least satisfactory of The municipalities in the Hydro-Electric
Despite the usual dullness of trade in De- all the metals. The demand has been fair, zone in Western Ontario are working to-
cember, very fair buying has characterized but prices, although advancing, have not gether and as soon as the transmission line
the metal markets. Stocks being low, except done so in a confident way. Imported and is ready for delivery, large orders will be
in the case of the larger interests, metal is Trail lead are now commanding the same placed for electrical equipment. Several
being wanted all the time, and thus trading price. British companies have opened up offices in
keeps busy. From inquiries received it is Toronto and are getting a share of the
evident that all classes of consumers are orders for electrical machinery and equip-
keeping a very close watch on the markets. ment now being placed.
A very strong tone has developed in all
metals, and it looks as if 1910 will show With the advent of the holidays the gen-
higher prices all the way round. eral machinery trade in this district has dis-
The home pig iron and steel situation has played a tendency to simmer down. This METAL NOTES.
continued firm through the month. Al- fact, however, must not be taken to indicate
though there has naturally been some falling that deliveries will be hastened. The fac- The Northern Electric Co., of Regina,
off in new business, orders on the books are tories hereabouts and those supplying the
so heavy that this is not regretted. Delivery dealers here have plenty of orders that will has been awarded the contract for the
is behind hand, and furnaces and mills are keep them busy for a long time to come wiring of the public building at $1,098.
contracted away ahead. Imported business without any new business at all.
is on the quiet side as the larger users filled
Ingersoll ratepayers will vote on a
For a great many machine tool makers and
"ap their stocks before the close of naviga- dealers this is inventory time, and the time by-law for a civic power distribution
tion, but it is evident that before long they of the year when most travelers are in from plant in January. It is estimated that
must come into the markets again, and pay "the road." Many buyers defer plating of
the enhanced prices. Steel billets are hard the plant will cost $26,000.
business until after stocktaking time, and
to procure. The home plants are out of the this, too, has a quieting effect on the trade. Avlmer, Out., town council has decided
open market, and in consequence Continental Records and inventories show that the past water and light plant de-
The billet to rebuild the
billets are finding ready sale. year has been a very good one, particularly
situation promises to be a serious one in the last six months. Regarding the prospects
stroyed in the explosion some weeks ago.
for next year, even the most conservative and will insta! steam driven machinery
Tin has been fairly active, and the rising men in the trade are sanguine that 1910 will as before.
prices towards the end of December brought be a record-breaker in machinery lines.
in some extra business. The primary markets Ottawa electors will on January ''<

were marked by a strong jump in London, Power equipment has felt the same influ-
ence as machinery, although a good volume vote on a by-law to grant the Metro-
caused by some heavy buying on the part,
This buying is of business was signed this month, par- politan Electrical Co. the right to con-
it is said, of a syndicate.
ticularly in small units. Inquiries are num-
probably to anticipate a good consumption struct and operate an electric heat and
erous, but the actual orders resulting from
demand later on.
power distribution system.
Copper li;i- been rather quiet, but steady these will probably be held over into the
business has been done. Prices were ad- new year. Steam specialties are enjoying On March 1, 1910, the Ontario Power
vanced under the rumor of the great billion- marked activity, in fact, the last two
months' business has i;een exceptionally Co. must begin the delivery of current
dollar merger, and although the merger re-
port seems to have lost ground somewhat, good, and 1910 is expected to continue in the in t Hydro-Electric Commission, which

prices have not. Producers have not abated

same satisfactory manner. has contracted with the company for
their output, and heavy stocks are over- Prices in both machinery and power sup-
30,000 h.p.. at $10 a horsepower. The
hanging the market. Spelter has remained plies show a tendency to ease a little, this
under very strong control both in London being due to the fact that the large volume company is now generating 72,000 horse-
and St. Louis, and the firm prices in these of work, such as is on hand, lowers the cost power. The second tube will just double
markets have been reflected in Canada. The of production proportionately and salesmen
the output of the plant. The charter of
domestic galvanizing interests have bought are able to quote better discounts.
heavily, and are expected to be in the mar- Increased business is leading to increased the Ontario Power Company permits it
ket again before long, owing to the good facilities for handling the same. One of the to develop 200,000 horse-power.
It was agreed by the Hamilton board and defray the cost of erecting them, the is described in detail, with the following
of works to instal 52 street lamps in the lamps then to become the property of general conclusions. The saving due to
frown Point and Kenliworth districts. tlie company. Under this arrangement changing ten 2 7-16-inch plain ring-oiling
The lamps will be taken under the eon- it would cost the town $13 per 60 c.p.
babbitted bearings running at 214 revolu-
tract with the Cataract Power Co. at the lamp per year, instead of $12 per 32 tions per minute to ball bearings in-
contract price of $47.50 a lamp a year. c.p., as now paid.
creases with increasing belt tension from
At a special meeting of the Bridge- The East View Council has given the 14 to 36 per cent. With the usual belt
burg Board of Trade which considered first reading to the by-law for an agree-
tensions of good practice ranging from
the proposed franchise to be given the ment with the Ottawa Electric Com-
44 to 57 pounds per inch of width of
Canadian-Niagara Power Co., allowing pany. There will be practically two
transmit electricity through the
single belt the saving amounts to 36 per
them to contracts. One is for ten years, for
village, the submission of a by-law to lighting houses and stores, etc., in East cent, and 35 per cent.
the people was favored. View. The company is to have an ex- The paper concludes with a comparison
The Canadian Niagara Power has ap- clusive franchise for five years and the between the use of ring-oiling and ball
plied to the Council of Bridgeburg for rates charged are to be the same as bearings on a dollars and cents basis.
the privilege of using the streets, high- those paid by Ottawans for lighting of Here it is shown that taking electric
ways and public places for the purpose Stores, dwellings, here. There is
current at a cost of 3 cent* per kilowatt-
of supplying electricity for light, heat also an agreement for lighting the streets
hour for 3,000 hours, the ball bearing re-
and power. The electors will vote on of East View with 100 watt Tungsten
turns a saving of 37 per cent, on the ex-
this question on January 3. lamps at $13 each a year. It is claimed
cess of their cost over the ring-oiling
that Ottawa now pays $15 annually for
Prince Rupert will shortly have elec- type.
a 6-watt light, so it is asserted that the
tric light again if negotiations now pro-
new contract is a fairly good one for
ceeding between the people of the nor-
East View. The property owners will
thern town and the Prince Rupert Sash CENTRAL RAILWAY CLUB.
vote on this on January 3.
& Door Co. reach a successful issue. Re-
cently the mill of the B.C. Tie & Timber The work that the Ontario Power Co. The regular monthly meeting of the
Co. at Prince Rupert was burned and is doing in the Park at Niagara Falls Central Railway and Engineering Club
the electric light plant, which was in is almost as big as the original venture. was held at the Prince George I'otel,
the mill, was a total loss. Superintendent H. H. Wilson now has Toronto, Dec. 21. The business of the
350 men on the job and in the course evening consisted of an address on "The
The Canadian General Electric Co. of a month will have many more in his Manufacture of Commercial Gas," by C.
was awarded the contract for supplying force. Work will be continued through J. Herring, and the election of officers
the civic power house at Woodstock, the winter and Mr. Wilson expects to
for the ensuing year. C. Jefferis, the re-
Ont., with a complete five panel switch- have it completed some time in July of
board with instruments and regulators; tiring President, occupied the chair.
1910. In round figures the work means
3 300-kw. transformers; two 1,500- The second The following were elected officers for
an outlay of $1,500,000.
gallon per minute turbine pumps, each tube in which the company is working
1910 : President, J. Duguid, general
driven with one 175-horse-power motor represents an engineering feat that is
foreman G. T. R. ; first vice-pres., G.
and one 500-horse-power motor to drive unique. The first tube was of steel Baldwin, general yardmaster Canada
the present generator for the sum of eighteen feet in diameter, 6.500 feet in Foundry Co. ; second vice-pres., J. Ban-
$20,000. length. The second tube will be of re- non, chief engineer, city hall, Toronto.
Contracts for supplies were recently inforced concrete and of the same di- Executive Committee—Messrs C. A.
awarded London. The Northern Elec-
at mensions of the first tube. So far as is Jefferis,W. R. McRae, O. A. Cole, A.
tric Co. was awarded the contracts for known no concrete tube of that diameter M. Wickens, A. E. Till and A. Taylor,
5-16-inch guy wire for $122.50; J-inch has ever been built.
Toronto, and Mr. Patterson, Stratford.
wire strand at $76.50; light strain in-
sulators, in three sizes, at $105, $120 and
$107.50, a total of $332.50, and the Can- ANNUAL MEETING.
adian General Electric were awarded the
solid guv wire, No. 9, at $26.30; anchors, The annual meeting of the American A can of gasolene can be handled as
medium* at $58.41; heavy anchors at Society Mechanical Engineers was
of safely as a can of oil, for liquid gaso-
$26.93, and guy wire clamps at $20.80. held in New York, Dec. 7 to 10. A list lene does not explode. It is the gaso-
The Dominion Government have under of the papers presented appeared if lene vapor that is highly explosive when
constructionat Chambly Canton, Que.. the December issue of Canadian Ma- properly mixed with air. The Scientific
a new power house to take the place of chinery. The officers for 1910 are: Geo. American recently published three illus-
the present one. The capacity will be W. Westinghouse, president; G. W. trations showing the safety with which
about 150 horse power generated by a Baker, E. D. Meier, W. F. M. Goss, vice- burning gasolene may be handled. One
turbine water wheel. The power will be presidents; J. S. Bancroft. J. Hartness, showed a man pouring burning gasolene
used in the Chambly canal workshops at from one can into another. In a second
H. G. Reist, managers; W. H. Wiley,
Chambly Basin and for lighting the canal he was blowing into the spout of a can
and government property. The super- of gasolene to which a match had been
presented was one
intendent in charge is Mr. E. Duches- Among the papers
applied. The little blue flame that or-
"Line-shaft Ef-
neau. At the time of writing (Dec. 20) by Henry Hess, on dinarily plays around the mouth of the
no appropriation has been made by the ficiency, Mechanical and Economic,"
will can was transformed into a burning
government for the equipment but it
which states that the co-efficient of fric-
torch. The third showed a pool of burn-
probably go through this session. tion of plain babbitted or cast iron shaft
ing gasolene on the floor, and two gaso-
The St. Johns, Que., Electric Light bearings ranges from %
of 1 per cent."
lene cans aflame, but there was no ex-
the plant having
Co. have placed a proposition before to 8 per cent., and that a plosion.
the better lighting one to be
town council anent a coefficient of 3 per cent, is

The company offers to for this excessive

of the streets. proud of. The remedy
change all the 32 lamps for 60 c.p.
c.p. stated to lie in using ball- There is all the difference in the world
friction is
To do this the town would be required between an attempt to study by mere
lamps, bearing hangings on line shafting.
to purchase new brackets and reading and a real study through the
A test conducted by Dodge & Day on
which would amount to $600 or $700. feet long actual doing of work.—Prof. John Perry.
a line of 2 7-16-inch shaft 72
The company would supply the wiring
tectyou? There are points in connection with natural ventilation. Simple, inexpensive. Fresh A century ago accounting meant keeping books;
insurance policies that need expert handling
fire air introduced under window sash, is gradually today you can keep accounts cheaper, better, quicker
to secure proper protection. We are fire insurance diffused throughout room. All foul air in room and more accurately by throwing away all books and
experts. We can safeguard your Interests and procure expelled through special outlets. Use in store, office installing a McCaikey Account Register. Don't be
the lowest rates. Mitchell & Ryerson, Confederation and home. Send for free booklet. Win. Stewart & skeptical—investigation crsts nothing. Write us to-
Life Building, Toronto. (tf) Co., Saturday Night Bldg., Toronto; Board of Trade day. Dominion Register Company, Ltd., 100 Spadina
Bldg., Montreal Ave., Toronto.
Autographic Register. Three copies
issued at one writing. 1st, Invoice; 2nd, delivery
ticket; 3rd, charge sheet, perforated for filing. No
handling of carbons. High grade printing and neat
Invoice'*. Make full inquiry. Autographic Register
Co., 191-193*195 Dorchester St. East, Montreal.

SALE.— The right to manufacture

FORroyalty in the Province of Ontario,
and sell on
and also in
the Western Provinces, a fire escape which has been
proven to be the best and only complete fire escape in
the world. The right man can make a fortune out of
tbls proposition. For all information address, The
Universal Fire Escape Co., No. 234 Dufferin St.,
FIREPROOF Windows and Doors made
the Fire Underwriters' requirements reduce your
Insurance Rates and protect your building. We are
experts in this line, and guarantee you really fireproof
goods, and the maximum Insurance allowance. Let
us give you our figure. A. B Ormsby. Limited, Sheet
Metal Workers. Factories, Toronto, Wnnipeg.

PROBABLY the most talked about machine in

Canada Is the Hainer Book-keeping Machine. It
combines in one machine the cash and credit register,
The Art of Welding Metals
time recorder and account register. Representatives
wanted everywhere. Write for our proposition. The use of the Oxy-acotyleno blow-pipe in welding has greatly ex-
Book-keeping Machines, Ltd., 424 Spadlna Ave., tended the field in this class of work.
Simple or complicated fractures and breaks in all kinds of machinery may
YOUpaysDON'T BUY a National Cash Register-it be repaired and made almost equal to new in strength and appearance the ;
for itself. Saves money. Prevents mis-
takes. We
can prove it. National Cash Register broken edges of iron, steel, aluminum and other metals are melted together
Co , 285 Yonge St., Toronto. with the addition of more metal under a temperature of 6,000 to 7,000 degrees
best duplicating machine on the mar
C'—- buys the
vP7n ket. ACME will print anything a job-printer This plan is much superior to brazing or riveting and may be used for an
' '
can do. Complete outfit; Acme Duplicating infinite variety of new and repair work hitherto done by less efficient methods.
Machine; one tubulir stand fitted with type cases;
compartments plainly lettered and arranged like
universal keyboard of the standard make of type-
We have installed a plant for the purpose of welding by this process, and
shall be glad to send particulars and quote prices.
writers; one drawer for accessories and forms 201b. ;

font of typewriter type; one chase: one Acme ribbon Enquiries and correspondence solicited.
any color with typewriter ribbon to match one pair
tweezers; two quoins; one key; one oilcan and one
set of reglets.Sold with a guarantee.

Acme Dupli- 85 YONGE ST., TORONTO

cator Co., Baltimore, Md., U.S.A.

M': Special Subscription Offer With

"Emergency" Cupola The Financial Post
a most excellent little
melter, and has been exten- Melt- The pre-eminent financial and investment
sively adopted both at home ing
and abroad, including several from paper of Canada.
Government departments. 1 to 10
Full cwts. of
The Investor's Library:
Application hour. The Investor's Primer . . $1.00
We are also
makers of The Art of Wall Street Investing 1.00

The Rapid
Mining Investments and How to
Judge Them . . . 1.00
Pitfalls of Speculation . . 1.00

and complete Cycles of Speculation . . 1.50

Foundry All with The Financial Post, one year 5.00

Any two with The Financial Post,
one year .... 3.50

HEATERS, This offer applies to new subscribers or to

FILTERS, 4c. old subscribers who send a new subscriber's
name and the corresponding remittance.
The Financial Post - Toronto
L Cable Address: "CUPOLA," Keighley.


WE MANUFACTURE IN Power and Steam Pumps

CANADA Centrifugal Pumps, Paper Mill Pumps,
Rotary Pumps, Travelling Cranes, Etc.

A Complete Line of

Cotton Buffs
For all uses
In all sizes
Of all grades

F. L. & J. C. Codman
84 Sandwich St. West, - Windsor, Ont.
BOSTON, DETROIT, The Smart=Turner Machine Co., Limited

Made by



HIGH SPEED DRILL is much imitated, but not equalled either in quality or price.

Alexander Gibb, 13 St. John St., Montreal


We, ourselves, are large users of Cutters of all kinds, so it
stands to reason we make them of the best material and in the best
manner known. We
want the best that can be made and so do you.
You run no risk in buying "MORSE" CUTTERS.
Our goods are handled by Rice Lewis ct Son, Limited, Toronto, Aikenhead Hardware, Limited,
Toronto. Frothinjham & Workman, Montreal, Mechanics Supply Co., Quebec.



Geo.Anderson & Co., Ltd

157 Craig St. West,

Makers all sizes of

Travelling Cranes
Electric Derricks
Steam Derricks
Locomotive Cranes
Send for Catalogue and Price
Photo of 5-toniMotor Travelling Crane, 60-foot span

BROWN & SHARPE MFG. CO., Providence, R.I., U.S.A.

They Successfully Withstand SEVERE SERVICE
That is why Shop Foremen Recommend

to the manufacturer, and, in turn, the reason why manu-
facturers specify them in their orders. The foreman's
detailed knowledge of the uses and comparative merits of
cutters is especially valuable and his recommendation of
these cutters is conclusive proof of their worth.
Our cutter list, containing illustrations, dimensions

and prices of the entire line, will be mailed to you free

upon request.

37 Styles
3600 Sizes



To Our Readers— Use this directory when seeking to buy any machinery or power equipment.
You will often get information that will save you money.
To Our Advertisers— Send in your name for insertion under the heading of the lines you make or sell.
To Non-Advertisers — A nominal rate of $1 per line a year is charged non-advertisers.

Monarch Eog. k Mfg. Co., Baltimore, Md Brushes, Foundry and Core. Castings, Orey Iron.
Abrasive Materials. W. S. Rockwell Co., New York
Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd., Toronto Sheldon's Limited, Gait. Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Toronto Robt. k Son, Montreal
(Jar tn ; r,
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal.
Canadian Hart Wheels Ltd.. Hamiltou.
Blast Gauges
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Toronto
— Cupola. Hamilton Facing Mill Co Hamilton.
Francis Hvde k Co., Montreal.
Hall Engineering Works, Montreal.
Katie Foundry Co., Gait, Ont.
Carborundum Co., Niagara Falls, N.Y. Steveoa, F. B.. Detroit. Mich. Owen Sound Iron Work* Co., Owen
Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. Sound.
Stevet-B, F. B., Detroit, Mich.
Francis Hyde ft Co., Montreal. Buckets, Clam Shell. Smart-Turner Machine Co., Hamilton.
Air Receivers. Shelduns, Limited, Gait Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Montreal Jaa. Hm.rt Mf». Co Brockville Ont.

Whiting Foundry Equipm'nt Company, Waterous Engine Work! Co., Brautfor

Canadian Rand Co., Montreal. Boilers. Harvey, 111.
Canadian General k Shoe Machinery Buckets, Crab.
Alloys. Co., Levis, Que. Castings, Manganese Steel
Hermann Boker * Co Montreal .
General Supply Co. of Canada, Ottawa Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Moo* real Montreal Steel Works, Montreal
Franca Hyde & Co. Montreal. Goldie 4 McCulloch Co., Gait.

Ma-sens Limited, Mont-eal. Buffing and Polishing Wheels

Aluminum. Owen Sound Iron Works Co., Owen Castings, Phosphor Bronze.
Sound. l'\ !,. & J. C. Codman, Windsor, Ont.
Parke & Leith, Toronto Robb Engineering Co., Amherst, N.S. Lumen Bearing Co., Toronto
The Smart-Turner Mach. Co., Hamilton. Bulldozers.
Anvils, Bench. Standard Engineering. Co., Tort nto. John Bertram k Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. Castings, Semi-Steel.
Aikentead Hardwa e. Ltd., Toronto Waterous Engine Works Co., Brant ford. General Supply Co f Canada, tttawa. t

oeneral Supply Co. of Canada, Ottawa, London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton, Ont Montreal Steel Works, Montreal
Boiler Compounds.
National Machinery Co., Tiffin, Ohio.
Arbors. Aikenhead Hardware. Ltd., Toronto Niles-Bement-Pona Co., New York. Castings, Sewer.
Co., Montreal
Nichols Chenvcal Co., Montreal
The Canadian Fairbanks Hall Engineering Works, Montreal. Burners, Core Oven. J as. Smart Mfg. Co., Brockville. Ont.
Cleveland Twist Drill Co., C.eveland
Mors- Twist Drill and Machine Co., New Boiler Feed Regulators. Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton.
Bedford .
Standard Engineering Co., Toronto.
Francis Hyde & Co. Montreal. .
Cement Machinery.
Ja«. Smart Mfg. Co.. Brockville, Ont. Monarch Enir. k \tfg Co. Baltimore, Md
Boiler Makers' Supplies. W. S. Rockwell Co., New York The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal
Arbor Presses. Allen, John F. New York Gardner, Robt. & Son, ntrealM
New York.
Burners, Fuel Oil. Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Montreal
Niles-Bement-PondCo., Boiler Mountings. Owen Sound Iron Worka Co., Owen
Hyde A Co., Montreal.
Fra' cis Sound
Automatic Machinery. Standard Engineering Co., Toronto. Mon ilub Eng. & Mfg. Co.. Baltimore, Md Waterous Engine Worka Co., Brantford.
Gardner. Robt. & Son, Montreal Boiler Settings. W. Rockwell Co., New York
K i Hogg k Ho Toronto Whiting tfcundry Equipment Co., Har-

MuaBeiH Limited, Montreal. Harbison- Walker Refractories Co., Pitts- vey 111. Centreing Machines.
Burners, Natural Gas. John Bertram A Sons Co., Dundas, Ont.
Axle Cutters. Bolts and Nuts. Gardner Robt. k 8 id, Montreal
Butterfleld 4 Co., Rock Island, Que.
Monarch Eng. & Mfg. Co., Baltimore, Md Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Mon' real
Harris Forge Co., New Glasgow, N.8. Francis Hyde * Co., Montreal. London Mach Tool Co., Hamilton, Ont.
A. B. Jardine & Co., Hespeler, Ont. W. S. Rockwell Co., New York
Bolt and Nut Machinery. Niles-Bement-Pond Co, New York.
Babbit Metal. John Bertram k Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. Burrs, Iron and Copper. Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford, Conn.
Aikenhead Hardware, L'd., Toronto Gardner Robt. k Son, Mo treal
eneral Sunply C of Canada. Ottawa. Parmenter & Bul'ock Co Gananoque ,
Centrifugal Pumps.
Canada Metal Co.. Toronto. t- ».

The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Kellogg * Co., T —onto

Cables, Aerial and Under Prattk Whitney Oo Hartfard, Conn.
General Supply Co. of Canada London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton. ,

Mussens imited, Montreal. ground. Wateraus Engine Worka Co Brantfoid.

Lumen Bearirg Co.. Toronto. I

Tallman Brass & Metal Co., Hamilton National Machinery Co.. Tiffin, Ohio. Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd., Toron'o
Niles-Bement-Pond Co. New York. Phillip', Eugene F., Electrical Woiks,
Chain Blocks.
Balls, Steel. Waterbury Farrell Foundry It Machine Montreal Aike head hardware. Ltd Toronto

Co., Waterbury, Conn. Waterous Engine Works Co., Brantford. The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal
Hermann Boker & Co., Mont'eal
Bolt Cutters. General supply Co. of C
nada, Ottawa.
Barrels, Steel Shop. Canners' Machinery. Musaens Limited, Montreal.
Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd Toronto ,

Cleveland Wire Spring Co., Cleveland. Kellogg k Co T nr nto Bliss, E. W., Co., Brooklyn, N.Y
Muwens Limited, Montreal.
Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Montreal Charcoal.
Barrels, Tumbling. Boring Machines, Upright. Car Replacers Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Toronto
Hamilton Facing Mill o., Hamilton,
Calumet Engineering Works, Harvey, John Bertram & Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. Montreal Steel Works, Montreal rrancis Hyde k Co., Montreal.
Kellogg » Co. Tort nto Stevens, F. B., Detroit. Mich.
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Montreal London Mach Tool Co., Hamilton.
Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. Mus.ens Limited, Montreal.
Car Wheels, Mine
Fiancis Hy le k Co., Montreal.
Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York. Montreal Steel Works, Montreal Nichols Chemical Co., Montreal
Northern Engineering Works, Detroit.
Sbeld ns Limited Gait Boring Machines, Wood. Cars, Core Oven.
The Smart-Turner Mach. Co.. Hamilton. The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal
Chucks, Brass Finishers.
Whiting Foundry Equipment Co., Har- Calumet Engin ering Works, Harvey,
Independent Pneumatic Tool Co., 111 Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd., Toronto
vey, 111.
i htcago. III. Francis Hyde k Co., Montreal. Skinner Chuck Co., New Britain, Conn
Bars, Boring. Kellogg a Co., Toronto Whiting Foundry Equipment Co., Har-
London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton. vey, 111. Chucks, Combination.
Hall Engineering Works, Montreal. Massen Limited, Montreal.
Cars, Factory & Warehouse
Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York. Ja». Smart Mf<. C ., brockville, Ont. Aikenhead Harlwart, Ltd. Toronto
Franois Hyde k Co Montreal. Skinner Chuck Co., New Britain, Conn
Boring and Turning Mills. Hheldcns Limited, Gait

Belting, Chain. John Bertram & Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. Whiting Foundry Equirment Co., Har- Chucks, Outting-off.
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Kell .gift Co., Toronto vty, 111.
Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Montr, al London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton. Skinner Chuck Co., New Br tain. Conn
Jones k G asseo, Montreal Mussens imited Montreal.
- Cars, Foundry.
Waterous Engine Works Co., Brentford. Hamilton Facing Mill Co Hamilton. .
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Montreal
Chucks, Drill and Lathe.
Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York. Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. Aikenhead Hardware, L-d. Toronto
Belting, Cotton. H. W. Petrie. Toronto. Francii Hyde & Co , Montreal. John Bertram k Sons Co., Dundas, Ont.
Dominion Belting Co., Hamilton. Box Puller. Monarch E ••
g. a Mfg. Co., Baltimore, Md. Cleveland Twist Drill to., Cleveland
A * Co., Hespeler, Ont.
B. Jardine
Sheldona Limited, Gait Cuahman huck Co., Hartf rd, onn

Belting, Leather. Whiting Foandiy Equipment Co., Har- Gardner, Robt. k Son, Montreal
Boxes, Steel Shop. vey, IU. Gene al -npply t o. of Canada. Ottawa
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal- £er & Goodwin, Brantford.
General Suiply Co. of Canada, Ottawa Cleveland Wire Spring Co., Cleveland. Cars. Industrial. mdon Mach. Tool Co.. Hamilton.
McLaren, J. 0., Montreal. Franoit Hyde It Co., Montreal. Mors* Twist Drill and Maehlna Co., New
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal
Sadler k Haworth. Montreal Boxes, Tote. Francis Hide k to, Moi tieal Bedford
Cleveland Wire Spring Co., Cleveland. Mussens Limited Montreal. Musseno l.imi ed, Montreal.
Bending Machinery. F ancis Hyde k Co., Montreal. Whiting Foundry Equipment Co., Har- Nilee-Bement-Pond Co., New York.
vey, Ru sell Anti- riction Drill Chuck Co
John Bertram k Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. Brake Shoes 111.
Elmira, N.Y
Bliss, E W., Co Brooklyn, N.Y.
, Montreal Steel Works, Montreal Castings, Aluminum. Skinner Ohuok Co., New Britain. Conn
Kellogg k Co.,
loronto Standard Tool Co.. Cleveland.
Jardine, A B. » Co.. Hasp ler. Ont. Brass Melting Furnace*. Lumen Bearing Co., Toronto
Tallman Brass k Metal Co., Hamilton
London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton, Ont. Hamilton Faolng Millfo., Hamilton. Chucks, Grinding Machine.
National Machinery Co., Tiffin, Ohio. Francis Hytek Co.. Montrea'.
Nllee-Benient-Pond Co., New York. Mon.rchEnt kMfg.Oo. "altimore Castings, Brass. E Horton & Son Co., Windaor Looki,
W H. Rockwell Co., New
Fouud y Equipm,e-t Co., Har-
York Wm Coulter k Sons, Toronto Conn
Skinner Chuck Co., New Britain, Conn
Blowers. Whi ing Hall EngineeringWorks, Montreal.
vey 111. Lumen Bearing Co., Toronto
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Owen Sound Iron Works Co., Owen Chucks, Independent Jaw.
Dominion Foundry rj iiplyOo.. Toronto Brass Working Machinery. Sound.
General 8u ply Co. of Canada. Ottawa. Gardoer.Robt. k »on, Montreal Tallman Brass & Metal Co., Hamilton Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd.. Toronto
Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton and Mubs etutLimiwd Montreal. Skinner Chuok Co.,Naw Britain, Conn
Co.,01eveland, Ohio.
Waterous Engine Works Co., Brantford
Montreal. , Warner k Swasey
Francis Hyde k Co., Montreal.
Canadian machinery
Core Cutting-off and Coning Franois Hyde A Co., Montreal.
Chucks (Planer or Milling.) Northern Engineering Works, Detroit
Drilling Machines,
Gardner, Bobt. A Son, Montreal Machine. Sheldon's Limited. Gait
Skinner Chuck Co, New Britain, Oon
Multiple Spindle.
Hamilton Pacing Mill Co.. Hamilton. Cupola Linings. John Bertram A Sons Co., Dundas, Ont.
Francs Hyde A Co.. Montreal.
Ch ticks, Screw Machine, Hamilton Facing Mill Co Hamilton. ,
Kellogg • Co Toronto,

London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton, Ont

Ski iner New Britain, Ccnn
Chuck Co Core Compounds. Harbison-Walker Refractories Co., Pitts-
Musse <s Limited. Montreal.
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Toronto burg
Francis Hyde A Oo., Montreal. Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York.
Chucking Machines. Hamilton Facing Mill Co.. Hamilton.
S evens, F. B. Detroit, Mich. H. W. Petrie, Toronto.
Francis Hyde & Co., Mon real.
NUee-Bement-Pond Co., New York. Stevens, F. B., Detroit, Mioh. Drilling Machines, Radial.
Warner A Swaaey Oo . Cleveland, Ohio Oupalo Twyers.
Core-Making Machines. Francis Hyde A Co., Montreal. The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal
Chucks, Universal Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. Knoeppel Co.,Bulfa'o, N.Y. K ellogg A Co., Toronto
Francis Hyde & Co.. Montreal, London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton.
Aike-headH rd ware. Ltd.. Toronto •*rs, Flue. Mussens Limite Montreal.
torens, F. B Detroit, Mioh.

The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal r ,

Independent Pneumatio Tool Co., Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York.

Skinner Chuoa Oo. New Britain, Conn Core Ovens. Chicago 111. Drilling Machines, Turret.
Circuit Breakers. Ca'umet Eng. Works, Harrey, 111, Cutters, Gear.
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Montreal John Bertram A Sons Co. Dundas Ont
Canadian Westinghouse Co., Hamilton.
Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton and
Aikenhead Ha dware, I td , Toronto
London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton.
Clamps. Montreal Cutters, Pipe. Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York.
Franc s Hyde & Co., Montreal. Aikenhead Hardware, ltd., Toronto
J as. 8m .rt Mfg. Co., Brockrille, Ont. Sheldons Limited. Gait The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Drilling Machines, Upright.
Standard Engineering o.. Tcronto '
General Supp'y Oo. of Canada, Ottawa.
Clocks, Electric, Stevens, r B D< troit, Mich.
Bawden Machine A Tool Co., Toronto.

Whit ng Foundry Equipment Co., Har- A B. Jardine A Co , Hes' eler, Ont. John Bertram A Sons Co., Dundas, Ont
G. Br din, London, Ont. R ed Mfg. Co , Eri«, I a Fui Machine Co Grand Rap do ,
rey, 11L
Trim nt Mfg Co., Rxbury, Mass. A. B. Jardine A Co., Hesp ler, Ont.
Clocks, Portable, Core Prints Standard. Kell gg& o.. To onto

G. C. Bredin Loudon. Ont. Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. Cutter Grinder Attachment London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton.
Cincinnati Milling Machine Co., Cin- J.J Mcoabe. .New York City N.Y.
Counterbores, Mussens Limited, Montreal.
Clocks and Dials, Watch- cinnati
R. McDougall Co., Gait
Clev land Twist Drill Oo Cleveland .
Cutter Grinders.
men's, Morse Twist Drill and Machine Co., New Cincinnati Milling Machine Co., Cin- Drills, Bench.
G. C. Bredin London, Ont. cinnati Gene al Sue ply Co. of Canada, Ottawa
Countersinks. Ke logg A Co.. Toronto
Cloth and Wool Dryers Cutters, Milling. London Mach. Tool Co.. Hamilton.
Cleveland Twist Drill Co., Cleveland The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford, Conn.
B. Greening Wire Co., Hamilton. Cleveland Twist Drill Co., leveland
Sheldons Limited, Gait Couplings. Hamllt n Tool Co., Hamilton. nt.
Gardner Robt. A Son, Montreal Morse Twis- Drill and Machine Co., New
Drills, Bit Stock.
Coal Boring Machines. Owen Sound Iron Works Co, Owen Bedford Cleveland Twist Dri Co., Cleveland
Cumming, J. W., New Glasgow, N.8. Sound Mussens Ltmi'ed, Montreal. Mors., Twist Dril and Machine Co., Ntw

Pratt A Whitney Co.. Hartford, Conn. Bedford

Coal Handling Machinery. Couplings, Air.
Standard Tool Co.. Cleveland.
Canadian Rand Co., Montresl. Drills, Blacksmith.
Jeffrey Mfg. Co., MoLtreal
S'.andard Kngineerin* Co., Toronto.
Independent Pneumatio Tool Co., Cutting-off Machines. Aikenhead Hard
Chicago are, ltd., Toronto
Waterous Engine Works Co., Brauiford A mstrong Bros. Tool Co., Chicago Ce eland wi-t Lnll Co Cle eland ,

Cranes, Electric and John Bertram A Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. A. B. Jardine A Co., Hespeler, Ont.
Coal Miners' Tools. London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton. Kellogg A Co., Toronto
A kenhead Hardware, Ltd.. ToroDto Hand Power. Mussens Limited Montreal. London Mach. Tool Co.. Hamilton.
Cumming J. W., New Glasgow, W. S. Advanc} Machine Works. Walkerville, A. W. Petrie, Toronto. Morse Twist Drill and Machine Co., New
Calumet Eng. Works Harvey, III. Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford, Conn. Be ford
Collectors, Pneumatic. Canadian Rand Co., Montreal. Cutting-off Tools. Jas. Sma>t Mfg. Co., Brockville. ont.
Sheldons Limited, Gait Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Montreal Standard Tool Co., Cleveland.
Gardner, Robt Son Montreal Armstrong Bros. Tool Co., Chicago.
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Drills, Centre.
Combination Pliers. Hamilton Facing Mill Oo., Hamilton.
London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton.
Fiancis Hyde Co. Montreal. Ai'enbead Hardware. L'd . Toronto
Reed Mfg. Co.. Erie, Pa, Mus*ens Limited Mo treal.
H. W. Petrie, Toronto. Cleveland Tw st Drill Co., Cleveland
Nile*- Bement- Pond Co., New York. Pratt A Whitney, Hart ford. Conn. Morse Twist Drill and Machine Co., New
Compressors, Air. Northern Engineering Works. Detroit L. S. Starred Co.. Athol, Mass. Bedford
Canadian Rand Co., Montreal. Owen Sound Iron Works Co Owen Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford, Conn.
Canadian Westinghouse Co., Hamilton. Sound
Damper Regulators. Standard Tool Co., Cleveland, O.
Da ling Bros., Lid., Montreal Smart-Turner-Machine Co., Hamilton, The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal L. S. Starrett Co., Athol, Mass.
General supply o. of Canada. Ottawa
< Whitin Foundry Equipment Co. Har- , Darling Bros., Ltd., Montreal
Hall Engineering Wcks, Montreal, Que. vey, 111. Staudard Engineering Co., Toronto. Drills, Coal and Plaster.
Independent Pneumatic Tool Co., Chi-
cago- Cranes, Hydraulic. Dies. Cumming, J. W., New Glasgow, N.S.
Monarch Eng A Mfg. Co., Baltimore, Md. Calumet Eng. Works Harvey . 111. Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd., Toronto Drills, Electric.
Mu*s hi Limi ed, ontreal. >
Whiting Foundry Equipment Co., Har- Arm-trong Bros., Toronto
NUee-Bement-Pond Co.. New York. rey, IU. Banfleld, W. H. A 8on, To onto
Cincinnati Elect io Tool Co., C'ncin
The Smart-Turner Mach. Co., Hamilton. Bliss, E. W„ Co., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Crank Pin Turning Machine. Mussens Limited, Montreal.
Kisher, A. D., Co., Toronto
Concentrating Plant. London Mach. Tool Gardner, Robt. A "on, Montreal
Niles-Bement-Pond Co.. New York.
Co., Hamilton.
Gardner, Robt. it Son, Montreal Niles-Bement-Pond Co.. New York. Morse Twist Drill and Machine Co., New
Bedford Drills, High Speed.
Concrete Mixers. Crankshafts. Reed Mfg. Co.. Erie. Pa. Aikenhead Hardware, Ltd To-onto
The Canadian Fai.banks Co., Montreal
Soott, Ernest, Montreal.
New Glasgow, N.S.
Harris Forge Co., Hermann Bok r A Co., v, ntreal
Jeffrey M g. Co., Montreal
Die Stocks. The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal
Crossings, Diamond Bail Oleveiand Twist Drill Co Cleveland
Condensers. Montreal Steel Worts, Montreal
Aiken ead Hardware Ltd Toronto ,
Al. zander Gibb Mom. teal

Gold'e A McCulloch Co., Gelt, Curtis A Curtis Co Bridgeport, Conn.

J.J. McCahe, New York City, N.Y.
Hall E'kineerii g Works. Montresl. Crucibles. Jardine, A. B., A Oo , Hespeler, Ont. Mo-se Twist Drill and Machine Co.. N. w
Smart-Turner Machine Co Hamilton. .
B*rt ey, Jonathan, Cruiible Co., Tren- Dies, Self-opening. B- dford
Waterous Engine Co., Brentford. ton, N J. Mussens united. Montreal.
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Montreal (.eometrio ool Co., New Haven,

Conn. Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford, Conn.
Consulting Engineers. Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. Wortman & Ward Co., London. Standard Tool Co., Oleveiand, O.
Bain A Mitchell. Montreal F ii< -is Hyde A
Montreal. ,0

Death A Watson Toronto Siedel. R. B., Inc. Philade phia

v ,
Dies, Opening. Drills, Hand.
Fenaom, O. J., Toronto S. evens. F. B,, Detroit, Mich. W. H. Banfleld A Sons. Toronto A. B. Jardine A Co., Hespeler, Ont.
Hall Engineering Worts. Montreal. Jardine. A. B. A Co Hespeler, Ont. ,

Robertson J. M.. Ltd. Montreal Crushers, Bock or Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford Conn. Drills, Oil Tube.
T Pringle & Son, Montreal.
Standa d En.lneering Co.. Toronto.
Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Montreal Dies, Threading. Cleveland Twist Drill Co., Cleveland
Waterous Engine Works Cj., Brantfurd Aikenhead Hardware, Toronto
Ltd., Mors- Twi-t Drill andMachine Co., New
General Su.ply C of 'ana, la, Ittawa. Bedford
Controllers and Starters Cupolas. .

Jardine, A. B., A Co., Hespeler, Ont. Drills, Pneumatic.

Electric Motor. Adrance Machine Works, Walkerrille
Calumet Eng. Works Harvey III. Allen, John F.. New Y( rk
Canadian Westinghouse Co., Hamilton.
Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Montreal Draft, Mechanical.
T A H. Electric Co.. Hamilton. W. H. Banfleld A Sons, Toronto. Canadian Rand Co Montreal ,
George Green & Co., Keighley, Eng. Independent Pneumatic Tool Co., Chi-
Hamilton Facing Mill Co,, Hamilton. Hut tern. Id A Co., Rock Island, Que.
cago, New York
Conveyor Machinery. Frano a Hide & Co. M- ntrt-al. A B. Jardine A Co.. Hespeler
Mussens Limited, Montreal.
Montreal Northern Engineering Works, Detroit Pratt A Whitney Co., Hartford, Conn.
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York.
l.okll- k M.Culloch Co., Gait Sheldons Limited, Gait. Sheldon s Limited, Gait.
Jeffrey Mfg. Co., Montreal Wh ting Foundry Equipment Co., Har Drilling Machines, Horizon- Drills, Portable Electric.
Muse -s Limit"-!, Mo treal. rey, 111
SmanvTumer Machine Co., Hamilton. tal Cincinnati Electrical Tool Co., Cincinnati
Waterous Engine Works Co., Brentford. Cupola Blast Gauges. United States Electrical Tool Co., Cin-
Dominion Foundry Sunply Co., Montreal
John Bertram A Sons Oo.,Du ndas.On cinnati.
Kell gg Co.. Toronto
Coping Machines. Hamilton Facing Mil) Co., Hamilton.

London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton.

John Bertram A Sons Co., Dundaa, Ont. Fra cis Hyde A Co., Montreal. Drills, Ratchet.
J J MoOa e, New York City, N.Y. Aikenhead Hardwa e. Ltd, Toronto
London Mach Tool Co.. Hamilton. Sheldons Limited, ualt Mu-sens Limited Mo treal
Siles-Bement-Pond Co., New York.
Niles-Bement-Pond Co., New York. Armstrong Bros. Tool Co Chicago. .

Cupola Blocks. The Canadian Fairbanks Co. Montrt'ii'.

Corundum and Corundum Dominion Foundry SuM>ly Oo.. Toronto Drilling Machines, Cleveland Twist Drill Co.. Cleveland
Hamilton Fa ing Mil' Co.. Hamilton Genera' S ipply Co. of I* nada, Ottawa.
Wheels. Harbison-Walker Refractories Co., Pitts- Locomotive. A. B. Jardine A Co., Hespeb r
Aike ihead He-dware. Ltd Toronto .
burg John Bertram A Sons Co., Dundas, Ont. Morse Twist Dril and Machine Co., New
The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal Franci- Hyde & Co., Montreal. K ell g A o Toronto Be ford

Canadian Hart Wheels Ltd., Hsmllton

No- them Engineering Works Detroit London Mach. Tool Co., Hamilton, Ont. PrattA Whitney Co.. Hartford, Conn.
G> ner.l Supply Co. of Canada, Ottawa. Ontario Lime Association, Toronto The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Montreal. Standard Tool Co., Cleveland.
A. B. Jardine A Co., Hespeler, Ont.
Core Box Machines. Ou.ola Blowers. Mussens Limited. Montreal. Drills, Rock.
Fox Machine Co Grand Rapid*. . Dominion Foundry Supply Co., Toronto Niles-Bement-Pond Co., Now York. Canadian Rand Drill Co., Montreal.
Francis Hyde it Co., Montreal Hamilton Facing Mill Co., Hamilton. H. W. Petrie, Toronto. Jeffrey Mtg. Co., Montrea


First Aid to Injured on a Great Canadian Railroad

The System Used in theAngus Shops, Montreal, Giving Full Information
as to the Carrying Out of the Scheme on the C.P.R., with Illustrations.

One of the most popular movements on such as the tissues or artery, wen- He was killed by a well meaning but
the Canadian Pacific Railway, of recent injured or cut. The onlookers, with Ignorant public. Had the driver or
organization, is that of First Aid to the the idea of getting the poor fellow conductor in charge of the street car
Injured, as carried on under the auspices out of the way of passing traffic, in question been instructed in the
of the St. John Ambulance Association. lifted the man to a perpendicular elementary principles of first aid,
First of all, in order that the reader position with the weight of his body and made use of such knowledge, the
may understand the importance and va- on the broken leg, thereby caus'ng man would no doubt have been alive
lue of first aid both to employer and to-day, and the street car company
employe it may be well to give a brief saved heavy claims for damages.
outline showing what "First Aid" really Compare the above with an accident
is ; what its objects are and the results which occurred in a machine shop re-
of proper and improper first aid treat- cently, and where proper first aid was
ment, and I think the question, "What is rendered as below :

first aid ?" is best answered by stating "A man was caught by machinery
what its objects are. and had his arm so lacerated that
1st. To teach all people, outside of all the muscles were torn off and the
the medical profession, to render assist brachial (arm) artery severed. He
ance to any person suffering accident or would have died of hemorrhage in
sudden illness until the arrival of the a few minutes had it not been for
doctor. t he valuable aid afforded by a mem-
2nd. To teach people what not to do ber of a First Aid Corps, who
in case of accident, so that there shall caught up the artery and controlled
be no likelihood of a sympathetic but the bleeding by digital pressure until
ignorant public causing unnecessary pain a tourniquet was procured, which
and suffering through improper treat he placed in position. The man was
ment. then removed to the hospital, where
3. That in case of emergency, that is, the arm had to be amputated at the
bleeding, poisoning, choking or drowning, shoulder. The assistance rendered by
a life may not be sacrificed for the want the first aid man was highly spoken
of a little elementary knowledge on the of -by the medical officer of the hos-
part of the bystander. pital, as there was no doubt it sav-
The following particulars of an acci- ed the other man's life."
dent which occurred some little time ago
Fig. 1. — S. A. Gidlow. General Secretary. '1 hese are only two of hundreds of
show what terrible harm can be done cases where life has been lost, or, on the

by improper first aid treatment : the broken bones to become further other hand, saved, depending on the
"A man was knocked down by a displaced and to pierce the femoral ability the
of bystander to render
street car causing a simple fracture or main artery of the thigh. As a proper or improper treatment just

of the left thigh bone, that is to result of this well meant action on when the accident occurred.
say, the bone only was broken and the part of the public the man died One can readily see from the instances
none of the parts adjacent thereto, from loss of blood in a few minutes. given above what incalculable benefit

d * .VdH 31
1 t i ?
• 3

••*•* *• t.

Fig. 2— A First Aid Class at the Angus Shops.

first aid is to the railroad employe and have, for some time past, realized the skeleton, bones, joints, and the muscular
the public generally. value of this movement to their em- system.
ployes and to themselves, as is seen 0, Signs, symptoms and treatment of
The Need of Instruction.
from the fact that they have a large fractures, dislocations sprains and
The success of present day surgery is, and complete organization at their strains.
in a great measure, due to the atten- works in Montreal, both in the car and D. The triangular bandage and its ap-
tion given to simple details in the pre- locomotive departments, and now every plication.
paration of the case prior to operation. shop has its quota of ambulance men, Second Lecture.
Now, if preliminary care means success- so that no matter in what part of the
A. The heart and blood vessels. The
ful operation, why should it not have works an accident may happen theie you circulation of the blood.
B. The general direction of the main
arteries indicating the points where the
circulation may be arrested by digital
presssure or by the application of the
tourniquet, or by other means.
C. The difference between arterial,
"T*$ venous and capillary bleeding, and the
* | • various extemporary means of arresting

D. The triangular bandage and its ap-

The Third Lecture.
A. A brief description of the nervous
B. First aid to persons suffering from
shock or collapse after injury, injury to
the brain, collapse from drink, epilepsy,
fainting, hysteria, sunstroke, electric
Fig. 3. —A First Aid Class Composed of Lady Clerks at Angus, the General Secretary, Secre- shock, effects of lightning, and convul-
tary lor Montreal District C.P-R- and a Boy Patient.
sions in children.
every consideration in the treatment of will find an ambulance man, ready and C. First aid in cases of frost bite,
accidents constantly happening in all our willing to give immediate help. burns or scalds, injury by vitriol throw-
works and on the streets t The cost of instruction, and the books ing, wounds, bites of animals, stings of
and first aid material necessary, are fur- insects.
If an ambulance man, by reason of his
ability to render immediate attention, nished by the management free of charge. D. What to do when the dress catches
can sustain life until such time as med- A lecturer is provided who gives one fire.

ical assistance can be obtained, surely lecture per week to the men until the E. The triangular bandage and its
full course of five lectures has been giv- application.
he is rendering great service, not only
to the medical profession but to the per- en. Fourth Lecture.
son who suffers accident, also to the The syllabus of instruction is as fol- A. A description of the organs

firm for whom may

be working and
he lows : and mechanism of respiration.
whose employe he The need-
is aiding. First Lecture. B. The immediate treatment of the
less suffering caused by the ignorance of A. Preliminary remarks, objects of in- apparently drowned, or otherwise suf-
unskilled persons is as undoubted as it struction, etc. focated. Artificial respiration, treat-
is deplorable. By rough handling, or for B. A brief description of the human ment for choking.

want of the slight knowledge necessary

to enable one to support an injured limb,
very serious consequences may ensue. To
arrest bleeding from an artery is quite
easy, yet thousands of lives have been
lost in thepresence of helpless spec-
tators who had not been taught that
little knowledge necessary to enable
them to give intelligent first aid to the

Accidents are of daily occurrence in

all large works, yet, how many of their
employes are capable of rendering first
aid pending the arrival of the doctor.
All the great railroads in the Colonies
(outside of the Dominion) have had many
thousands of their employes instructed
in First Aid to the Injured, which goes
to show that it pays, aside from the
humanitarian standpoint, to have men
around our works who can give imme-
diate assistance in case of accident or
sudden illness.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Centre Fig. «.-Ambulance Instructors Back Row (Left to Righ>)-T. Pattison. Instructor T. Pemberton.

Instructor. Front Row (Left to Right)- W. Reid, District Secretary

of the St. John Ambulance Association, General Secretary; J. H. Britton, Instructor.
; S. A. Gidlow,


C. First aid to those poisoned. carrying the injured on stretchers, etc. 3. What is the history of a case?
D. The immediate first aid treatment The reader may not think the placing of 4. What is a fracture?
of injuries to and
the internal organs, a man on a stretcher of much import-
5. How many kinds of fracture are
to those suffering from internal hemor- ance, but it is really a very important
there 1
rhage. part of the work, as a great deal of
E. Foreign bodies in the eye, ear and damage may be done in placing a man (i. Name the different fractures.
nose. on a stretcher. 7. What color is arterial blood f
Fifth Lecture (for Males Only). Before the instructor allows his cla,ss 8. What color is venous blood?
A. Improvised methods of lifting and to go up for final examination they are 9. Where is the brachial artery, etc.?
carrying the sick or injured. expected to answer a series of test ques-
10. Where are the carpus bones, etc.?

Second Test.
1. What are the signs and symptoms
of fracture?
2. How would you treat simple frac-
ture ?
3. What is the first thing to do in
treating complicated fracture?
4. How would you distinguish frac-
ture of the lower jaw?
5. What are the signs of dislocation?
0. How would you
treat a dislocation?
7. What
are the signs and treatment
of fracture of the ribs?
8. What are varicose veins and how
would you treat them ?
9. What are the signs and treatment
for internal hemorrhage ?
10. What are the general rules for
treatment of insensibility, etc.?
Third Test (Practical).
1. Treat this man for compound frac-
ture of the left humerus.
2. Treat this man for hemorrhage
Fig. 5.— Treating a Broken Leg. from the left palmar arch.
3. Man is found lying on left side
tions and to do the practical work in with knees and hips bent. There is free
B. Methods of lifting and carrying the connection with them. spurting bleeding from wound in right
sick or injured on stretchers. Below are a few of the questions tak-
The conveyance
of such by rail or
palm; besides the above injuries (here
en from each test paper as given prior are evidences of a ruptured spinal cord
in country carts.
to the last examination at the Angus due to a fall of heavy rubbish on the
As soon as ever the lectures are fin- Works in Mantreal :

ished the men are then taken in hand by patient's back. Place on stretcher,
First Test. march home and put to bed.
one of the company's ambulance instruc-
tors. No man is allowed to give in- 1. What is first aid to the injured? 4. man is
This suffering from electric
struction in the practical work before 2. What are signs and symptoms? shock and wound on forehead. Place on
he is himself fully qualified, and before
any such man is fully qualified to act as
instructor he must hold the certificate,
voucher and medallion of the St. John
Ambulance Association, and these hon-
ors can only be obtained after three
years, at least, constant application to
first aid work, during which time he
must attend three courses of lectures
and undergo three examinatios in first
aid, each examination more exacting and
more difficult to pass than the previous
one before he obtains the coveted me-
dallion or full qualifying badge of the
Association, and one year must elapse
between each first aid examination, so
that it is impossible to obtain the me-
dallion under three years.
The class then, as I said before,
taken hand by one of
in the Company's
instructors, whose duty it is to teach
the practical work, such as the proper
application of bandages and splints to
Fig. -First Aid Work.
various parts of the body and lifting and 6.

stretcher, march to a given point and Work of First Aid. made out, that proper and efficient first

unload. One thing- strictly impressed on all aid is rendered, as it is also a check mi
5. A man repairing an electric cable ambulance men is. the exact relative the material used.
receives a shock which causes him to lose position first aid has to the medi- A record is kept showing the value of
his hold and fall from the top of the cal profession. The ambulance man each ''First Aider's' services to the

pole to the ground. He receives a com- is given to clearly understand that company after he has qualified for the
pound fracture of the right leg with se- he is not expected, or in a position, certificate of the association.

vere hemmorhag-e, fractured ribs and to supplant the doctor, or to treat any As an incentive to employees to ob-
tain the certificate, the management
grant certain privileges. For instance,
other things being equal, the man hold-
ing a first aid certificate has preference
of employment, preference for promotion
ami also granted an extra pass over and
above the usual annual pass and on the
same conditions.
Value of the Classes.
Of course, however much to be de-
sired, it is scarcely be expected that to
everyone should have the time or the
inclination to join such organized bodies
of "First Aiders" as the St. John Am-
bulance Association or the St. John
Ambulance Brigade, but certainly every
person should devote the time to attend
at least one course of lectures, because,
Fig. 7.—Practical Work in First Aid at Angus Shops.

collar bone on left side. Treat him, accident to its final solution, for the
place on stretcher, carry home and put simple reason, the work of the ambulance
to bed. man ends where the doctor's commences, St. 3obn Ambulance Hssociation,
that is to say, the duty of the ambulance
6.. This man
has broken his right thigh,
you have only one splint. How would
man is to prevent personal injury being
Tlbls la to certlfftfctt a
made worse by the ignorant but sym-
you treat 'him, etc. 7

As soon as the instructor considers

of his colleagues or
He would, if neces-

on ./nut lib
pupil, leas iRc«craininco tor tin first tutu

in tbt month of _ 190 ,

the class ready for examination he makes at anD satisBrb tbt iCramuirr.
sary, apply splints and bandages, ad-
his report to the proper quarter and a Xm/ !iV»
minister simple remedies, place the suf- Stc-n*^

medical officer of the Canadian centre of

ferer in the most safe and comfortable
the St. John Ambulance Association is
position, and await the arrival of the Fig. 10. — Voucher Given to Men Passing Second
appointed to examine the class as, for
doctor.In a less serious case he would Examination.
obvious reasons, no lecturer is allowed
give such treatment as was necessary
to examine his own class. After the ex-
and convey or send his patient to the from the poorest laborer to the presi-
amination the men are given one hour and there his responsibility ends. dent, we are all liable to accident and
per week in which to meet together for by an am- are dependent on the same aid
Every accident attended all first
practice, and are by this means kept up
bulance man is reported on a form spe- principles, so easy to realize that it is
to a proper state of efficiency, also, al the risk we run, one and all, every day
cially provided for the purpose so that
stated intervals the men are inspected by management can see for themselves, of our lives by reason of the general
a medical officer appointed by the man-
by the manner in which the form is ignorance which prevails of the men.-;
agement so that the company can find
out for themselves if their men ire np
to the mark and able to do the work re-
£t. Jfllm ^mtottoncfi Association,
quired of them.
Ubc ©rant* priori? of tbe ©r&er at tbe twspltal of St. 3obn of Jerusalem (n Eiifllano.

iBovtnigs Hud md Pltroo •( tta Otiul
Ambulance man's report in Connection with ac- F rt 9lo«ni I


cident at the Angus Locomotive Shops. Quad Prist of U» Oriwl.

Name of person injured

Diiwlat *f the Ai Dlrvctor mil DcpatT Cbiirai

Description of injury JOHN Pl'lLKT. C H

How accident was treated

Hjhla ts to certify that

Material used bus attcnutft a ronrsc of Instruction at tbt Centre

of tbr St. 3obn Hmbulance Hssociation, ano is qnalifito to rtn&er " Jirst
Ambulance man.
Aio to tbe Injnrtd."
Supt. Loco Shops. ftwlftMV*6MM

Note :—The above is to be filled in by the am-

bulance man who renders "First Aid" and sent
to the Office of the Supt. of Angus Loco Shops St. Jons'i 0»TB, Cxt»«n,w«u^

as soon as possible after the accident. Luhdoh, E.C Ueai Urn Steman,

Pig. 8. —Form to be Sent In by Ambulance Man

After Attending Personal Injury. Fig. 9.— First Aid Certificate Issued by Head Office to Men Who Pass the Examinations.


rudiments of aid treatment.
first As bearing upon the progress of the case. INTERNATIONAL STEEL CO.
siated every person should
previously, The first aid treatment is given an that
attend, at least, one course of first aid interval which intervenes between the A company has been incorporated un-
lectures, and then we should remove for occurrence of the accident and the ar- der the Ontario Companies Act to man-
ever those old time notions which are so ufacture high-grade steel, such as is
rival of the medical man; that anxious
hard to used in making edge tools, for planes,
kill: and trying moment (which most of us
lathes, drills, cutlery, etc., and for
Children after sustaining a severe
1st. know so well) before the patient can be
dental and surgical instruments, which
b!ow on the head through a fall, being taken to the doctor or the doctor brought
require a very fine high-grade material.
kept awake by their mothers for fear to the patient, when we feel that some-
The company is known as the Interna-
they should die if allowed to sleep. thing should be done, and when that
tional Tool Steel Co., capitalized at
2nd. Kind peop'e forcing neat brandy something is the right thing done, by one
$750,000, with its head office in the
not only qualified, but who is acting un-
down the throat of an unconscious per- Traders Bank Bldg., Toronto. The
der the teaching of the medical man who
directors of the company are John J.
will subsequently attend the case, it not
Main, who is vice-president and general
only aids the speedly recovery of the
manager of the Poison Iron Works J. ;
unfortunati person, but brings a great
E. Murphy, lumberman A. F. Mac- ;
sense of rehef to those looking on.
Laren, ex-M.P., who is also director of
Angus Shops Association.
Officers of the Trusts and Guarantee Co., Manson
Campbell, Chatham, president of the
Patrons— The Right Hon. Lord' Strath-
cona and Mount Royal, K.C.M.G.; Sir Chatham Waggon Co., and the Manson
Campbell Co., and W. J. Chapman,
Thomas Shaughnessy, K.C.V.O.; R. B.
Angus, Esq.
The company has secured 351 acres
President— D. McNicoll, Esq.
of magnetic iron oxide sands in Quebec.
Vice-Presidents— J. W. Leonard, Esq. It is intended to locate this plant in
Fig. 11.— Medallion Given to Those Who, After H. H. Vaughan, Esq.; G. P. Girdwood, Welland, the ores being transported by-
Three Years' Work, Pass the Third Exam- Esq.. M.D., boat.
M.R.C.S.. Eng.
Chairman— Major Lacey R. Johnson. The furnace to be used is of special
3rd. Kind people rushing about madly, C.A. design used in batteries of ten, each
and then carrying an unfortunate suffer- furnace being capable of producing 400
General Secretary— S. A. Gidlow, Esq.
er to the nearest doctor or hospital or ten hours. The furnace includes
else putting the patient hurriedly into a a combined reduction and crucible fur-
hack without any regard to the nature COACH WHEEL LATHE TEST. nace with an 8-inch melting zone. It
of the injuries sustained. A large party of railway and machin- is intended that these furnaces should
4th. Kind people picking up a person ery men visited the London Machine furnish power for forge hammers, rolls,
Tool Co., Hamilton, to witness a test etc.
who has had his leg run over by a pass-
ing vehicle, and trying to see if he can on a 42 inchcoach wheel lathe, on
walk, or else dragging or lifting him out Jan. 24. This machine is driven by a
40 h.p. motor, two 6 h.p. motors driv-
of the road to the pavement apparently SOCIETY NEWS.
with the idea of making the sufferer feel ing the tailstocks. During the rough-
more comfortable, by placing him out of ing operation a speed of 22 ft. per The regular monthly meeting of the
minute was maintained. Central Railway and Engineering Club,
the way of the vehicular traffic.
5th. Kind people standing helpless by The party visited the Berlin Machine Toronto, was held on Jan. 18, with J.
a friend or one of their own family see- Works, manufacturers of wood-working Duguid in the chair. J. Bannon, chief
ing the machinery. They were then entertai.iad engineer, Toronto City Hall, read a paper
life blood ebbing away.
at luncheon at the Hamilton Club. In <m Tlicinostats and Mechanical Regula-
Every medical man could, from his
own experience give instances where the
the afternoon the party visited the tions of Heat. A feature of the evening
want of a Canadian Wcstinghouse and the Hamil- was the presentation of a past-presi-
knowledge has led to
ton Steel & Iron plants. dent's jewel to C. A- Jeffries. Friday,
increased suffering and subsequent harm
to the injured person, and even to un- Among the visitors were R, Patter- February 25 will be a social evening.
necessary loss of life. Now if there as son, G.T.R., Stratford ;Thos. Trele-
ven, H.
On January 19, the S.P.S. Engineering
one fact more recognized than another J. G.T.R., London
Phillips, ;

Society, Toronto, entertained members

by medical .men, it is this, viz., that the Wm. Pitts, G.T.R., W. Petersen, C.P.
of the Canadian Manufacturers' Associa-
R., H. Marengo, C.P.R., Montreal ;

W. Flynn, M.C.R., St. Thomas C. M. tion at their twenty-first annual banquet.


Murray of Chapman Double Ball Bear- About 1,000 were in attendance, Louis
ing Co., M. R. Ferguson of Crucible Simpson, Ottawa, referring to electric
Steel Co. (expert dept.), A. E. Juhler, smelting, reviewed the work of produc-
G. C. Keith, editor Canadian Machin- ing iron from ores and pointed out the
ery, Toronto W. J. Press of Mussens,
value to Canada of this method of reduc-
C. M. Rudel of Rudel-Yeates Co., A. tion.
E. Tyler, Crucible Steel Co., Montreal ;

Mr. Usher, Mr. Adams and J. Christo- Robert W. Angus, Professor of Me-
Fig. 12.—C.P.R. Ambulance Badge Worn by Men pher of T. H. & B., W. K. Pearce of chanical Engineering, gave a lecture on
Qualified to Render First Aid. Dominion Bank, W. Currie of Hamilton Turbine Pumps, before, the Engineers'
Steel & Iron G. W. Robinson and D.
Club, Toronto, on January 20. The lec-
immediate treatment adopted in the case Ryan of Berlin Machine Works -C. H. ;
ture, which was given in the New Uni-
of any severely injured person has a Pook and B. Elshoff of Canadian West- versity Hydraulic Laboratory, was il-
positive influence, and a most -important inghouse, Hamilton. lustrated by numerous lantern slides.

' —
A Neglected Factor in Canada's Industrial Life
In the Rundschau for Technologic
The Giving of Fellowships by Manufacturers to Stimulate Re- Kolben states that pure silicon has a
search Work will Assist Investigations of Principles Underlying very high electrical resistance in com-

Specific Industries in the Interests of which they are Working. parison with metals, and approximates
in this respect closely to carbon. A
further point of similarity is found in
In ;\n address delivered to the mem- study and investigation of the principles
the effect of warmth on the resist;; nee.
bers of the Canadian
Manufacturers underlying the specific industry in the
both temperature co-efficients being neg-
Association on April 25th, 1901, by Pro- interests of which they are working.
ative, whilst those of all metals are posi-
fessor YV. R. Lang, of the University of
Subjects Treated. tive. The thermoelectric force between
Toronto, on the subject of chemistry and
Some idea of the nature of these in- pure silicon and antimony is more than
its relation to the arts and manufactures
dustries may be gathered from the fol-
thrice as great as that between bismuth
of the country, he said:
lowing list whose import-
of subjects, and antimony. The electrical resistance
"In discussing a subject such as you have ask- of iron is heightened by an addition of
ance in the manufacturing world has
ed me to bring before you to-night, it is only silicon, the maximum increase being at-
possible for me to take up the matter in a gen-
prompted liberal subscriptions for the
tained in presence of 4 per cent, of sili-
eral way, more with reference to the industries elucidation of the many problems met
At the same
of Canada, and, at the same time, to consider
how best these industries may be benefited and
with in the factory :
—Cements, casein,
hibits the valuable
time, this
property that the
alloy ex-

bread, laundry work, enamels, diatase, the

developed by the application to them of sound, resistance is practically independent on
general and scientific training. Chemistry may preservation of wood, borax, boracic
be defined as the science which
composition of matter, and, as all industries of
deals with the acid, glass — the relation between its
so that the
cellently adapted for the construction of
alloy is ex-

physical properties and it chemical com-

whatever nature involve chemical processes ol resistances. As regards the question of
one kind or another, it may salely be said that position.
magnetic important in the con-
losses, so
no industry can succeed without chemistry."
Each fellow must, of course, familiar- struction of transformers, iron with
In closing, the lecturer added :

izehimself with the present conditions about 3.5 per cent, of silicon gives about
If the various companies were to combine to the same loss by hysteresis as slightly
establish a research laboratory, they would have
of his particular industry. He is in-
formed as to the direction in which pos- silicised iron; but the losses by vortical
to place themselves and the problems entirely
in the hands of the chemist whom they appoint- sibleimprovements may lie, and must currents are far smaller, owing to the
ed chief, and who might or might not be capa- make himself master high electrical resistance.
of the rationale of
ble of bringing their research to a practical is-
sue. Is this not a case in which it is better to
each process. Then he tackles the real
invite chemists at large to take up the re- problems, with the knowledge of meth-
search ? Are the chances of finding the right ods of investigation that his college LECTURES ON GRINDING.
man for the work not enormously greater in Those interested in the subject
training has given him, aided by such
this way than they would be in any other sys-
advice as the head of the laboratory can of grinding, and living in Mont-
tem of selection ?
out this idea, then, let me
In order to carry give him, and anything he may discover, real and Toronto, will be given
suggest that when difficulties occur recourse be improve on or invent he conveys to the an opportunity of hearing two
had to those whose special training and circum- experts on this subject at the fol-
firm whose fellowship he holds.
stances permit of careful investigation of the
subject. Where no secrecy is required and the Professor Duncai. has seen, also, that lowing places:
services of the professional man consequently not the interests of the investigation are not Technical High School,
called for. why not offer a prize for the satis- Montreal, February 8th; En-
neglected, and the receipt of a percent-
factory solution of the problem ? At our uni-
age of the profits from any invention or gineering Building, McGill
versities there is always a sprinkling of gra-
duates carrying on original research and who improvement encourages the fellow to University, Montreal, on Feb.
would be glad of the additional financial incen- further efforts. 9th and 10th; at University
tive to exercise their ingenuity and skill in
of Toronto on Feb. 11th.
clearing up the difficulty. At the same time
So far, the scheme has been highly The lecturers will be C. H. Nor-
they would be benefiting the manufacturer and in-
directly the country while improving their own
successful, and it is safe to say that the ton, of the Norton Grinding Co.,
qualifications for an appointment in a sphere of chemist who devotes two years of his and E. W. Dodge, of the Norton
future usefulness.
time to investigation of some industry, Co., both of Worcester, Mass.
Daring the nine years that has elap- with the facilities that a university lab-
Mr. Norton will talk on Cylin-

sed since the above suggestion was oratory gives, must become a valuable drical Grinding," and as there is
thrown out practically no response has asset to the firm paying the scholarship,
probably no man on this contin-
come from the manufacturers of Can- and is more than likely to be given a ent better posted on this subject,
ada; but our neighbors to the south have responsible position in the firm's works. this will undoubtedly be a most
acted on similar advice given by another To the writer's knowledge, one firm interesting talk.
University of Toronto man. Professor R. already has benefited largely from the
Mr. Norton will explain the
Kennedy Duncan of the University of work done by its fellow, and an almost
manufacture and uses of grinding
Kansas, ami two years ago various (inns new class of scientific manufacturers
wheels; the origin and process of
institutedfellowships in the chemical bids fair to result from the institution
manufacture of the abrasive ma-
department of that University, varying of these industrial fellowships.
terials and various styles of ma-
in value from $500 to $1,500 per annum. chines.
Would it not be well for some of
The successful candidates for these Eel. our Canadian manufacturers to seriously These talks will be illustrated
lowships, who are all university grad- consider a similar line of action work- — by upwards of one hundred lan-
uates that have specialized in chemistry, ed out with the assistance of the heads tern slides and cover the subject
hold their appointment for two years of the chemistry department of our own thoroughly.
and devote themselves entirelv to the universities?

The Design of Bevel Gears with Shafts at Right Angles
The Design and Manufacture of Gears, whether Spur, Bevel or Spiral,
Giving Information and Tables of Great Use to Mechanical Men.


In this article and the one to follow, In the right hand corner of Fig. 2 will to the angle of edge, all three being
it is the intention to introduce a method be found a small right triangle, which found with one operation.
for the calculation of all bevel gears, has for its hypothenuse the addendum
The angle increment or angle of the
mitre gears, bevel gears with shafts at and its corner angle is equal to the
addendum next to be determined. Its
right angles, and bevel gears with shafts centre angle, or angle of edge. The base tangent could be found by dividing the
at acute and obtuse angles. In of this triangle is which
the distance
addendum by length of centre line of
part I. I shall deal with shafts must be added diameter on
to the pitch
teeth, which length is first found by di-
at right angles, and will introduce first each side of the gear, in order to deter-
viding the half pitch diameter of wheel
a table of tooth formulae, the careful mine the diameter of blank, and from
by sine of centre angle. However, a
which is derived the formulae 0, and 3 .
shorter method is to be had in the form-
Fig 2 contains all the angles and di-
sine C
mensions which are necessary to proper-
ly prepare the blanks, and cut the teeth
ula tangent A= which gives the
i N 2
of bevel gears. If a pair of bevel gears
same result. These two angles, the
are both of the same size they are said
centre angle and the angle increment are
to be mitre gears; and the calculations of
the onlv angles which require calcula-
one serve for both, since the speed of tion in bevel gears with shafts at right
the shaft is neither increased nor de-
angles, as all the other angles are readily
creased, but simply transmitted at right
determined from them.
angles. If, however, it is necessary to
Kig. 1. —90 Degree Bevel Gear. The cutting angle of gear is found by
increase or decrease the speed in one
deducting the angle increment from the
of the wheels, it is evident the gears
consideration of which enters largely centre angle of gear, and the cutting
will have unequal dimensions and both
into the successful design of all gears angle of gear is the angle of blank of
wheels must be calculated. Before going
whether spur, bevel, or spiral. pinion, while the cutting angle of pinion
into the actual operation of calculating,
is the angle of blank gear.
. Table of "Tooth FormulA4 I shall enter into a brief explanation
In the manufacture of bevel gears it
N -. number of N-BP of the angles, etc., in Fig. 2 and the pur-
P" diametral pilch P-JX P-*f* pose they serve.
is necessary to determine the diam-
D-ptrch a\omcfr. D- H.s B-U B-p.N.3,,, eter and angles of blanks that they may
The angle included between the centre
— riAiAw - 7 rvorAmy be turned correctly, after which we are
a oepih of loath. o-^ line of shaft, and a line drawn through
c — cJearonte al bottom of hootfi. c-^ c- ^p ready. to cut the teeth and unless the cut-
the centre of the working depth of tooth,
/ -full depth of fooih. f-(to)t c f-^M ting angle is correct and the machine set
I — m'M of loom on pitch rre'e. f- "f for cor near. t-Mv «-« is the centre angle, and being first in
true we have half a tooth at the last
importance its tangent may be readily
cut, whicha loss of time and material.
These formulae have been compiled determined by dividing the half pitch
It is also important to select correct
from standard authorities and represent diameter of one gear, by the half pitch
cutters, and in the list of formulae fol-
the relative proportions which exist be- diameter of its mate, when shafts are
lowing found two which are pre-
tween the diametral pitch, number of at right angles. In the formulae which
pared for this purpose.
teeth, pitch diameter, circular pitch, ad- follow, however, I have substituted the
dendum, etc., the diametral pitch being number of teeth since they bear equal Selection of Tooth.
the number of teeth to each inch of pitch proportions to the pitch diameters, thus In the selection of a tooth form the
diameter. The pitch diameter is the securing round numbers in calculating. involute or single curve tooth is now al-
diameter of the pitch circle, which is al- most used for bevel gears,
ways described through the centre of in place of the cycloidal or double curve
the working depth of teeth. In bevel
gears, it will be found on the edge line
J— L tooth
that the
and it may
number of
be well to also state
teeth and diametral
or upper slant of teeth, and on it is pitch or the pitch diameters, must be
measured the circular pitch, or distance selected in the design of a pair of bevel
from the centre of one tooth, to the geais, which selection is largely influ-
centre of the tooth adjoining. The ad- enced by the existing conditions. In
dendum is equal to the addenda; and is ordinary machine 'design the available
always one-half the working depth of space is a large factor from which we
tooth. The diameter of blank is readily may determine the pitch diameters. The
found in spur gears, by adding the work- Kig. 2. —Illustrating Tooth Formulae. numher of teeth in each wheel is deter-
ink depth of tooth or twice the adden- mined by the speed ratio required. If
dum, to the pitch diameter, but in bevel The angle of edge is equal to the cent re the wheel driven is to have :t revolu-
gears il must be calculated as the fol- WJgle, since the edge line or upper slant tions to one of the driver," the number
lowing diagram, Pig 2, indicates, since of teeth is at right angles with centre of teeth could be 30 and 10. 36 and 12,
the calculated dimensions of teeth are line of teeth. The angle of small tri- 24 and 8, etc. Following, are three form-
on the edge line. angle in right hand corner is also equal 'ae from table of tooth formulae- which

from which we shall proceed to calculate teeth to cutter tor pinion
aiilmaterially in determining the num- seleel

ber of teeth and diametral pitch the balance of tooth dimensions. N 16


The circular pitch = 2

= =18 teeth or on

N=DP P=— Dfc=— :U416 3.1416 Cos, C .8944

D P = =
=.7854". The adden- involute 4 pitch bevel gear cutter which
pair of bevel gears P 4 will cut 18 teeth. It is evident that two
Let us design a
dam is readily found by the formula cutters will be required to cut these
1 1 wheels, as gear cutters are usually ar-
s=—-=—=.25 ". The width of tooth is ranged in sizes, and each size has a

P 4 certain range of teeth to cover. The

found by the formula calculated numbers of teeth, are the
p .7854 numbers of teeth of an equivalent spur
t=—= =.3927". Clearance is gear and pinion having the same profile.
2 2 One cutter will often do for both wheels,
t .3927" but the formulae readily determine this.
= _^ =.039" and the full depth These quantities have been noted on Fig.
10 10 3. which practically completes the cal-
of tooth=(2.s)+c=(2x.25)-|-.039=.539 culations. The size of hub will, of
in. The foregoing: will be found noted on course, be goverened by the diameter of
shaft it is to be fastened to, and the

t length of teeth is largely influenced by

the power on shaft and particular pur-
* V| ,,.. . .
...J pose of the gears.

Machining Blanks.
Fig. 4. —Bevel Gears, Finding the Diameters.

If we are to have correct, smooth, and

Fig. 3. and we shall proceed to calculate
easy running gears, we must provide cor-
the angles. rectly turned blanks. A method to fa-
Bevel Gears, Shafts at Right The tangent of centre angle of gear cilitate the turning of blanks, may be
Fig. 3.—Pair of
Angles. N, 32 briefly described as follows. After the
or tangent G.=—=—=2. disc is turned toconform to the diameter
with shafts at right angles. Fig. 3 is a N, 16 of blank, we are ready to turn the lower
gear and pinion, and following are a and its angle is 63°—26\=H, the centre In order to de-
slant or face of teeth.
list of formulae necessary for their cal- angle of pinion or C=90 — G=90°— 63" termine how much metal to remove, we
culation, the angles and dimensions are —26 =26°—34=H 2
. The tangent of the
must define the end of teeth on bottom
lettered for convenience. angle increment is found by the form- of disc by a circle, which can be scribed
sine c .4472
Example. by the compasses, and its diameter found
ula tangent A= = =.0559 as in the following diagram Fig. 4.

Table of Formulas for so' Shafts. I N 2

The diameter of circle should be cal-
G—cenlee onole of aeor — o.^le of eJoe of aeor H, tonG^X and its angle is 3°—12'. The cutting
culated to insure greater accuracy, also
c- . . .
r'.,i»- . . f,;,„,„H . *n.c.& c-ifs angle of gear which is the angle of
the height; if we decide to make length

A— untie increment ton A ~ (J$L\ tonA-^jf

£— evt/mf oriole of oeoe — anale el elan* of oimoei blank of pinion is found by deducting
E-G-A of teeth li inches, the diameter of scrib-
... jniuen — the angle increment from centre angle
£/- # aeor • . tf 1>A
ed eircle=0— (2. J" cos B )=8.224"
of gear or E,=G— A=63°— 26'— 3°—12*
8— (melt of blonK of aeor — onele of p.n.en
B- . ...
. ,,,„,.,.- „,„ . . .
=60°—14=B The cutting angle of
— (2Xli"X-91 8 )=5- 929 inches and
Q—tionteter ef Ion' Ot aeor q-(£ S eon G)t D 2.
our height=U" sin B,=lJ"X-3966
Q- . .-• p-'f." . . G-{eo ee> C)t

Df pinion which is the ang'e of blank of

=.496 inches. This distance should
thephm o- 're'l. le teteet C.-.V. for Geo. -
7 ^ gear is found in the same way or E,=C on the side of disc
W — n-mktf of trrth ,n arc . . . .•*< >j*/. of
*<tofh fori'iirl-ir.
— A=26 — 34 — 1
3°— 12 =23° 22
— = B,.
be laid off

from bottom and a line scribed all

These angles will be found noted in their
D— mrlcA Jrantttn el ......
around the blank to define it, and after
-/tar. i . . . .
proper place on Fig. 3.
4- • - • r— the circle is scribed on the bottom we
We to determine the diam-
have yet have two lines to turn to. This opera-
eter of blanks and size cutters to use. tion completed we are ready to try the
In the design of a machine, we have as these formulae are calculated with angle with a protractor, which is il-
an available space of 10 inches, and have cosine ft and cosine C. We have been lustrated in Fig. 5.

decided to use 8 inches as the pitch obliged to leave them until the angles
diameter of gear, and as the speed ratio were calculated. The diameter of blank
is to be 2 to 1 we shall select 32 and 16 of gear will be found by the formula 0,
teeth. =(2.s cos G)+D,=(2X.25"X-4472) +
The diametral pitch may at once be 8"=8.224 and the diameter of blank

determined by the tooth formula of pinion 0,=(2.s. cos C) 2 (2X +D =

N 32 .25X-8944") +
4 "=4.447 inches. With
P=— P=—=4 Angle With
Fig. 5.— Trying Protractor.
or and our pitch di- respect to the cutters, the number of
D 8 teeth to select cutter for gear If the slant conforms tc angle B, we
ameter of pinion found by the formula N, 32 may proceed to cut the edge line or top
N 16 = = =18 teeth or an slant of teeth, and shall have a similar
D=— or D=—
=4 inches our gears will Cos, G .4472 diagram to the one before (Fig. 4) ex-
P 4 volute 4-pitch bevel gear cutter, which cept it is reversed. The angle of top
therefore be 32 and 16th teeth, 4 pitch will cut 72 teeth, and the number of slant is the angle of edge H„ or centre

angle, and the length of edge line is tin* cut ting angles as calculated are correct =1.99 inches for the gear, providing the
full depth of tooth .539 inches plus suffi- for both machines. We have, however, wheel is have no hub. If a hub is
cient margin to insure proper strength neglected to properly proportion our required, we must add its height to 1.39
to the wheel. We shall call the full disc, which is the starting point of our inches. The diameter of disc is the di-
length of edge line, one inch in this case, ameter of blank 8.224 inches. These
ami calculate diameter of top circle to turning operations may be reversed, and
turnto, which equals t (2X1X CCS H,) — the top slant turned first, if such a
=8.224"— (2X1X-4472) = 7.33 inches, course seems desirable, also the included
and our height is "Xsin 1=1"X
! H angle of the finished blank is readily
.894=.894 inch. After the operation of found by adding together angles II and
turning the edge line is completed, we B.

are ready to try the angle with a pro- In article 2. which is to follow, will
tractor, which is illustrated in Fig. 6. Fig. 6.— Trying Angle With Protractor. be described a method for the calcula-
This slant should conform to the angle
tion of all bevel gears other than those
of edge or angle H„ after which we are turning operations. These preceding
with shafts at right angles, or bevel
ready to cut the teeth. This operation calculations are necessary to determine
may be performed with an automatic itsthickness, which is the sum of the gears with shafts of acute and obtnse
gear cutter, or a milling machine. The two heights, as calculated, .496 "4-.894 angles.

A Great Saving Effected by the Use of the Disc Grinder

Figures Given Herewith by the Gardner Machine Co., Beloit, Wis.,

Show Great Savings in the Auto, Marine and Stationary Motor Industry

The Disc Grinder has found an in- parts being finished on a No. C Gardner hold the jacket-plate during the opera-
creased usefulness in the auto, marine Grinder. tion. Fig. 1 gives an idea of the belt
power and the heavy type grinder, equip-
ped with 23-inch disc wheels and lever
feed table.
Fig 2 shows the arrangement for
grinding cylinder covers, which required
only 11 minutes each. Fig, 3 shows the

Fig. 1.—Grinding Jacket Plates, Showing Special Jig.

and stationary motor industry, whereby Fig. shows a jacket plate being
the time of accomplishing certain work ground. Each piece was finished in 2J
has been considerably reduced. In most minutes. A special jig was used to
work (he grinder is used in conjunction

Fig. 2. — Grinding Cylinder Covers.

guilder equipped for exhauM connec-

tions, which were ground at the rale of
IS minutes cffeh.
Fig 4 shows the grinding of intake
Fig. 3.— Grinding Exhaust Connections manifolds at the rale of '(.] minutes each.
with a planer, shaper or lathe, but the This time includes grinding the large area
time given for the parts mentioned in and the single flange at a given angle,
thil article is for grinding alone, the pig, 4.— Grinding Intake Manifolds. Completing it in the lime mentioned.


The grinding of pump-cases shown
in Fig. 5. The time required

is 2 min-
Electric Lifting Magnet Now in Use in Canada
utes each, which includes grinding large
are:; and the bracket area parallel. Magnets are Now Used in the Canadian Locomotive Works, Kingston, and in

The pieces shown in Fig. 6 are univer-

the Angus Shops, Montreal — Used for Lifting Plates, Pig, Iron, Scrap, etc.

sal joints. The grinding operation takes

The magnet that boys of yesterday to six at a time, one under the other,
used for a toy to-day as men they are the number depending upon their thick-
employing as a useful instrument in ness. These may be dropped by the
their workshops. Within the last few magnet one at a time at the desire of
years particularly, it is being adapted the operator provided he is clever in

Fig. 5. — Grinding i'ump Cases. Fig. 1. — Front View. Pig.

minutes each. These pieces are malle- adjusting the switch at precisely the
1 1 to handle main shapes of metal, all
inches in di- right intervals.
able iron castings, about (i forms of iron and steel, from iron dust
Canadian Lccomoti;e Works.
ameter. to scraps, or small junk to weights of
Probably the first instalation made in
In addition to the operations mention- 20,000 pounds. In fact, the world's
magnet much Canada was that at the Canadian
ed there are a great many more in the largest will lift as as 50,-
Locomotive Works, Kingston, where a
engine factory lo which a modern disc 000 pounds.
maget was delivered by the Browning
grinder is adapted, flange seats, push The magnet is employed to break u|> Engineering Co.. Cleveland, on March.
i ods. cams, piston rings, thrust collars,
imperfect castings, to hold sheets of 13, 1908.
(rank cases, gear cases, manifolds, coup- metal in position while they are being This instalation includes a standard
lings, etc. The adoption of the grinder riveted in the building of ships, to lift No. 8, Browning Locomotive Crane.
has assisted in producing a greater out- a "sou and pis>;s" at the furnaces, also which i- designed to carrj a 7j or in
put with an equal or superior finish.

F. W. Cowic is giving a course of

lectures at McCiill University on Har-

Magnet Handling Ifacninc Scrap.

l)i)i Engineering. The course includes as a gigantic broom to sweep both the h.p. steam generating set to operate
instruction in the building of docks large and small pieces of iron, and in our lift magnets. For this purpose it
and wharves, the preparation of ap- numerous other ways. is equipped with extra large boiler, M
proaches, and all the general features The flat style of magnet is available in. diamter and 8 foot 6 inches high.
of port development lot picking up metal sheets, from two with corresponding increase in water

and coal capacity. Coalbunker holds 1 after his men he ran the shafting lathe day, and here is the story as told in
ton of coal. Watertank holds 300 gal- —or rather the shafting lathe ran itself Machinery :

lons, and engines have 8 by 10 inch even when he was looking after the men, Billy had made a particularly bad
cylinders. or when he was dozing on the top of guess as to the position of the centre of
Fig. 1 shows a front view of the his tool-chest, for in that shop there the shaft and had followed his usual
magnet beside a new C. N. R. locomo- was no tool-room and each man kept practice up to the point of swinging the
tive which is being tested. Fig. 2 his own special fancies in the way of shaft out of the lathe, when he was
shows a side view of the crane. When called away to attend to some other
used on a locomotive crane the current duty. As Harry lolled around waiting
for operating the magnet may be for the work to proceed again, the little
brought from an outside source, using fM chalk mark persistently stared him in
flexible cable or other convenient means the face in such a manner that finally
to connect to the magnet controller, so an idea struck him, that it would be
as to crane to perform all
allow the funny if he rubbed it out and placed
its functions or it may be gen-
freely, another on the opposite side. Of course,
erated on the crane itself by a steam as in most things of importance, the
driven generator set. main tiling was to have the idea, the
Angus Shops Instalation. rest was easy and was soon accomplish-
An instalation of an electro-magnet — "Now ed. It was too good a joke to be en-
Fig. 1. Billy's Method of Centering
and crane was made at the Angus joyed alone and several others soon
Shafts was Primitive."
Shops, Montreal, early in 1909, many- knew what had been done, amongst
uses being there found for it, loading them loing one of Billy's own particular
tools, etc., under lock and key- High-
scrap, unloading pig iron, etc. It also cronies. Billy returned soon afterwards,
speed steel was in the dim and distant
was made by the Browning Engineer- and resuming operations, drew the
future, and a cut over a shaft lasted a
ing Co., Cleveland. It is found to do centre towards the mark. His surprise
long time.
the work cheaply and efficiently. Fig. .was very pronounced when he saw the
Now Billy's method of centreing was
:? shows the electro-magnet handling result of his latest efforts and the re
as primitive as could be, the usual
scrap. • marks he made about shafts in general
tools consisting of a centre punch and
Description of Magnet. and this one in particular are unprint-
hammer only. A square centre was
The frame of the magnet is of open able, but he fairly lost his temper when
used sometimes, but this gave trouble
health steel of special analysis and caught sight of someone smiling, ap-
in changing centres, putting something
treatment suitable for electric magnet parently at him.
in the tool-post to press the shaft, and
use. The top of the frame is deeply worries which could be Boor Harry wanted to laugh, too,
other little
corrugated to provide radiating surface. avoided therefore, by placing the centre but dared not, so offered what consola-

The outer ring and inner pole are made where he guessed the centre of tion he thought would meet the case,
of the same special steel as the frame, suggesting that Billy had perhaps made
the shaft should be, and hitting it sev-
and are so designed as to be easily and eral good smart blows the thing was a mistake, and should have drawn the
cheaply replaced when worn. The inner —
done except, of course, when he had centre away from the mark, but Billy
faces of the magnet frame and ring are said he might do that when he started
miscalculated as to the exact position
machined to exact dimensions so that of the centre. It was then necessary to his second appreticeship and knew no
the t-oils fit closely, and the heat, gen- try the shaft in the lathe, and if too better. From his manner towards his
erated in the coil is quickly transmitted assistant the next day it was clear he
much eccentricity was found he would
to the metal on every side. had learned over night what had oc-
mark the "high side" with chalk, re-
The coils are wound with copper wire move the shaft and "draw" the centre curred, but he was not vindictive, and
which covered with special fire-proof
by means of the punch, the shaft being afterward enjoyed the joke as much as
non-absorbent insulating material The swung in and out of the lathe by means anyone.
coil is a homogeneous cushion having
of pulley blocks. How Billy Didn't Centre Shafts.
the requisite number of turns of wire
imbedded in it at uniform spaces from This startling sketch, Fig. 2, illus-

each other. The coils are made of such trates an amateur artist's weird con
size as to completely fill the space in ception of a shafting lathe and a ma-
the frame and when the several parts chinist's way of handling centreing
of the magnet are bolted together are tools. He was asked to make a draw-
tightly clamped in place. ing for "How Billy Centred Shafts" and
Two coils are used in standard mag- the result exceeded our wildest expecta-
nets which are connected in series for tions. We are impressed particularly
220 volt circuit, but which may be con- with the lathe legs. How well they
nected in parallel and used on circuits don't harmonize with modern ideas of

f 111) volts. For 500 or 550 volts machine design they appear to us
; to
is that we Don't Know the
Fig. 2.—'"Our Ilegret
special coils are furnished. belong to the !• lldog type of architec-
Tool-Smith who Forged that Centre-Punch and
tne Concern that Made the Hammer." ture Note
! tne "patent" head-stock
HOW BILLY CENTRED SHAFTS. and the "unpatent" foot-stock, and the
.Mr. William Collis, affectionately His assistant on the operation was doleful expression of the cub, who can't
known amongst boys as "Billy,"
the generally one of the newer lads knock- -for his life see how to swing an eight-
was the foreman of the turning shop ing around, and for the particular shaft foot shaft between five-foot centres.
some twenty years or so ago. He was in the story the services of Harry had —
The carriage is a gem but why proceed
a working foreman too not one of the — been secured. Now Harry's sense of further1 The makers are unknown and
kind who was afraid to dirty his hands humor (?) was strongly developed, and we don't care. Our regret is that we
—and to fill in his time between Mon- he hated this particular job just as don't know the toolsmith who forged
day morning and Saturday noon, when much as he was afraid of Billy, hut his that centre-punch and the concern that
he was not giving out work or looking love of a joke overcame his fears one made the hammer.
An Effecting of Savings by Studying Steel Heating Costs
A Review of the Most Economical Methods (or Heating Steel in

the Manufacturer's Plant, Giving Tables of Costs of Various Systems


Producer Gas. B.t.u. P.C. ent plants, principally due to the nature
Lost by carbon in ash 284.05 2.17
of the work in hand and the output of
Producer gas from soft coal finds its Lost by Radiation and Conduction 659.81 5.07
Lost by Sensible Heat in Hot Gas- the furnace. It is not unusual to find a
>peeial field in regenerative furnaces for coal consumption of 600 to 800 lbs. per
es and Steam 1.866.73 14.35
re-heating billets and slabs for the finish-
Ion of steel which with coal costing $.">
ing mills and for the soaking pits of the Total Heat Lost in Producer 2.810.59 21.59
per Ion, means a fuel cost per ton of
Calorific Value of Gas Produced.. .10,189.41 78.41
blooming mill.
steel of from $1.50 to $2.
Although some installations have been Calorific Value of one tb. of Coal 13,000.00 100.00 With furnaces burning soft slack coal
made in which a number of different By tlie above it will be seen thai there and mechanically fired, very much lower
sizes of small furnaces have to be heat- is 21.6 per cent, in ho
a direct loss of t
cosls are obtained, as will be seen from
ed, the system has many drawbacks and producer itself, and this loss cannot Ihe figures given below.
in such instances has no advantages over by any present means he prevented, Tests of a track bolt furnace burning
direct fired coal, either on the ground hence the coal consumption per ton of bituminous slack coal, and fired auto-
• if economy or output. steel will be 27.5 per cent, higher than matically by an American mechanical
with direct mechanical firing. stoker.
To those who consider the matter im-
partially, this conclusion is at once seen
In large plants this loss is partly over- No. 1 No. 2 So
Total weight of steel heated.
to be correct. In the first place with the come by the use of regenerative cham-
lbs 7.500 8.000 10.200
bers for heating the air and by the
bituminous coal producer, the same fuel Total weight of coal burned,
greater distribution of the flame, but
is burned as is required when the fur-
lbs 1.445 1.590 1,875

in moderate sized furnaces these feat- Pounds of coal per ton ol steel
naces are fired direct by mechanical heated, lbs 386 398 370
evident that whatever ures offer nothing to offset the loss of
stokers. It is Cost of slack coal per ton ?3.60 3.60 3.60
producer are entirely heat in the producer itself, and as a re- Fuel cost per ton of steel
losses occur in the $0.69 0.72 0.67

lost by the system and that the gases sult much better economy can be seemed Average of three days run $0.69

arriving at the furnaces are poorer by

by firing the coal direct, and especially The hard coal furnaces operating in

In the case of direct fir- if automatic stokers are used. the above plant will not average better
this amount.
Tn large plants, where one or two pro- than 700 of coal per ton of steel.
ing by mechanical means the heat units
ducers are supplying gas to a number of and hard coal at $5 per ton, fuel
in the coal are all liberated in the fire
furnaces, fairly good results can be ob- cost per ton of steel would be $1.75.
box of the furnace.
tained with all furnaces in operation, The saving due to the change is, there-
From a theoretical standpoint the
but in times of depression when sonic of fore, $1.06 per ton of steel or 60 per
losses in the furnace itself arising from cent.
the furnaces are out of commission, the In
addition to the reduction of
radiation, stack gases, chemical re-
coal consumption per ton of steel heated cost, theoutput has been very much in-
actions, etc, represent an enormous pro- creased as the operator does not have
on the remaining furnaces is much in-
portion of the heat units delivered in creased, and when the amount of gas to wait for the steel to heat up, and with
the coal, but these losses do not differ reqired is very much below the capacity the stoker the fire can be forced if de-
very much with the different
if at all
of the producers, the coal consumption sired.
methods of heating, and within certain is prohibitive. It will be noticed that Crude or Fuel Oil.
limitations, cannot be very much re-
this increase in coal consumption takes Much has been said or written regard-
duced. The losses which occur in the place at times when the management are ing the advantages of liquid fuel, but
producer are very much greater than most desirous of reducing operating after all the final test
is cost of heating
those occurring in the fire box — and in
costs,and therefore this system is very a ton of steei and while it is quite true
this way the ultimate economy will be
disadvantageous on that account. that fuel oil will show a considerable
higher with direct fired coal than with reduction in cost over other fuels in
<ras producers. Anthracite Coal.
some instances, it cannot be said that
Prof. J. W.
Richards, of Lehigh Uni- This fuel possesses one advantage in this is to he taken as being true for all

versity, has made a very extended in-

that itsmokeless and also in the fact
is classes of heating.

vestigation into the bituminous coal gas that the design of the furnaces does not It is not to he denied that for certain
producer, and in a paper written by him involve anything very difficult, but apart operations railroad or other shops
on the subject gives the following as the from these points there is nothing to where necessary to carry the heat
il is

losses which take place. Commend it, for at the prices now being to (he work, that the portable oil fur-
paid for hard coal, the cost of operation naces is by a long way the most desir-
is very high. Usually lie type of fur- able, hul
In the Nov. 1909 gave tables
issue-, Mr. Hiiro
in these eases, the actual cost
systems and
Tables of costs
nace adopted for this fuel would eon. of the completely overshadowed
of the various is
were also given comparing the cost of heating sist of a flat grate with a closed ash pit, by olher practical considerations. For
steel by stoker fired coal furnaces and natural bricked up at the sides, and with a roof such work as tool tempering, especially
-;as furnaces.
sprung across. The steel bars to be in very small furnaces, no fuel, unless
In Jacobs of the Krancis
an early issue Mr. heated are laid on the lire and are heal- il be gas, can be used with the Same
Hyde Montreal, will give an article with
tests on steel heating and will discuss costs of
ed in this way. The coal burned per cleanliness and complete control as fuel
operating. ton of steel varies very much in differ- oil. hut where a large oiifpur is required

aggregating over 1,000 lbs. uf stee' per Une dollar's worth of oil at 4 cents per Additional fixed charges on
day, a properly designed slack coal Imperial gallon, will generate 3,950,000 stoker furnace In Interest
furnace mechanically fired will show and depreciation per day.... 0.18
B.t.u., taking the sp. gr. at .79, and the
Total coBt of fuel, labor and
much lower costs of operation. calorific value at 20,000 B.t.u. per lb. The fixed charges per day $2.53 $4.05
The reason for this is due entirely ratio, therefore, of coal to oil in Total ditto per ton of output... $2.05 $3.50
In the high cost of the for in the dis- Relative cost of coal and oil... 58 p.c. 100
oil, units for t he same cost is as 2.42 to 1. p.c.
Saving per annum of 300 days
tribution of the heat units in the furnace In the test given below i< will be not- in favor of the stoker fnce. $456.00
Weight of steel heated for one
dollar, fuel only. lbs 1,274 579
Ratio of coal and oil In out-
put at same cost 220 100

In a recent conducted in one of

the largest plants
in Pennsylvania, a
coal furnace fitted with a No. 5 stoker,
averaged during 3 days a daily output
of 11,400 lbs. of steel with a coal con-
sumption of 288 lbs. of slack coal per
ton of steel. This coal would cost in
that location about $1.50 per ton. With
fuel oil at 3J cents per gallon, an oil
furnace would have to heat one ton of
steel with a consumption of 6.1 gallons,
in order to show the same fuel cost per
inn as with coal, i.e. 21.6 cents.
In Ontario, where the coal will cost
$2.75 per ton, and the oil 4J cents a
gallon, the. oil consumption per ton of
steel would have to be as low as 8.8
gallons in order to equal the fuel cost
with coal, or 39.6 cents per ton of steel

Taking everything into consideration,

the oil system has a number of advan-
tages over coal, such as the ability to
get up the heat without extra labor, no
handling of coal and ashes, etc., but
when this is all considered, and every-
thing accounted for, the cost of heat-
Carriage Axle Furnace
ing large quantities of steel will be
ami the efficiency of (he furnace itself iced that the coal furnace burning slack higher than with a properly proportion-
apart from the source of beat, oil or gas at $3 per ton. heated 1,274 lbs. of steel ed coal furnace, fired automatically by
will operate the furnace more econ- a mechanical stoker.
for one. dollar, while the oil furnace
omically than by any solid fuel. By burning oil at 4Jc per Imperial gallon,
Bituminous Stoker Furnaces.
this is meant that, owing to the less heated 579 lbs. for the same cost, or in
volume of air passing through the fur- the ratio of 2.2 to 1. The reverberatory furnace fired by
nace and consequently the nearer ap- In both tests the economy was very hand with lump coal ds perhaps one of
proach to exact theoretical requirements, poor, but they are both from the same the most popular type of furnace in
the higher the furnace temperature will furnace, being taken before and after use to-day, especially in the larger units,
be for the same number of British ther- a change of fuels. such as are used for billets, axles,
mal units liberated, and as a further slabs, etc. It possesses the advantage
Test of a nut furnace fired by oil and
result, lesswaste will be passing up the of being self-contained and not depen-
afterwards changed to stoker firing,
slack. Notwithstanding this advantage. dent on the operation of any other part
burning soft slack coal:
the final result of a trial between oil of the plant, with the exception of the
•Jut Furnace Coal Oil
and soft slack coal, stoker fired, is very forced blast blower, and unlike the gas
Output per day of nuts, lbs 2.460 2,316
much in favor of the coal. Taken on a Output per day of nuts, tons... 1.23 1.156
fired furnaces the economy is not in-
basis of B.t.u. purchasable for #1, the Inc. of coal tnce over oil, rbs — 144 fluenced by the number of furnaces in
difference is considerable. Inc. of over oil, p.c.
coal fnce 6.3 operation.
Soft slack
Cost of fuel per ton or per gal. $3.00 10.045
coal having the following analysis can
Quantity of fuel burned per day By hand however, the best re-
be purchased for $3 a ton (2,000 lbs.) lbs. and gals 1.333 90
sult is obtained from the coal,
and is known as Pittsburg gas slack: Cost of fuel per day $2.00 $4.05
though it was only within the last few
Fuel burned per ton of steel
Carbon . 62.64 p.c. years that furnaces of this type could
heated, lbs. or gallons 1.093 77.8
Volatile Matter 31.09 p.c. be automatically
Cost of fuel burned per ton of fired by mechan-
Ash 6.41 p.c.
steel heated $1.57 $3.49 ical stokers, as it required a great deal

100.14 p.c. Labor for handling coal and of experimenting to determine the best
Sulphur 1.00 p.c. ashes, one man for 4 furnaces proportions of the furnace when stokers
Calorific value 14.468 B.t.u. at $1.40 per day, cost per day
per furnace $0.35
were installed. Previous to ascertain-
One dollar's worth of this coal will Total cost labor and fuel per
ing the correct data for building stoker
when burned, generate 9,650,156 B.t.u. day $2.35 4.05 fired furnaces, many failures, resulted,


due to inability to distribute the heat still greater financial return than the small walertube boilers, which will ex-
where required. Happily a considerable above figures indicate. tinct fully 60 per cent, to 70 per cent.
advance has been made recently, and a If the above test had been conducted of the heat units remaining in the stack
great deal of accurate data secured, in Canada, where in some parts, prin- gases, and it is shown by the results of
which places the problem within the cipally in Ontario, a difference between many instalations of this kind, that the
field of easy solution. the cost of lump coal and slack amounts st i am so generated will be sufficient to
The results obtained by the applica- to nearly $1 per ton, the saving from supply all power for the
the necessary
tion of stokers to furnaces of this type the use of the stoker would have been operation of the forging machinery, and
are summed up under the following very considerable, amounting to about perhaps in some larger instalations, leave
heads: $5 per day, or $1,500 per year, thus re- a margin for other purposes.
Steady uniform heat, resulting from turning the entire investment in a few In this way, in a properly designed
continuous firing. months operation. plant, where furnaces, boilers, engines,
Increased output, as less time is lost The following test was made on a etc., have been carefully laid out as a
between heats, and as the furnace Guide mill furnace, after fitting same whole, it is possible to operate the plant
can be forced. with two mechanical stokers: with no further expenditure for fuel or
Lower grades of fuel possible, as slack Data other power than the soft slack coal
coal is burned instead of lump, and Type of furnace — Guide mill, rever-
necessary for the furnaces alone.
at a proportionately lower cost per Length of hearth ft. 16'—0" must not be assumed that this hap-
ton. Width of hearth ft. 6'— 2" py by purchas-
result can be arrived at
Smokeless combustion and clear flame, Grade of "coal"— West Virginia Nut ing equipment at random, for there are
Number of stokers 2
thus reducing the proportion of car-
Type and make of stokers
— "Amer- (Tertain conditions that must be met,
bon monoxide escaping up the stack. ican" Mechanical No. 9, Type M which can only be successfully sur-
A reduction of labor where a number Time of run 5 turns of 11 hrs each, mounted by proportioning the different
hrs 55
of furnaces can be attended to by units to one another.
Total weight of steel charged per
one fireman, as the stokers are oper- heat. lbs. 8,200
ated automatically. Total weight of finished steel ...lbs. 206,298 Several S. railways
I .are experi-
Easy regulation of the characer of the Total weight of coal burned lbs. 29,272
menting With mechanical stokers Eoi
Coal burned per ton of Bteel healed,
flame, owing to independent con- locomotives. In very few cases have ac-
lbs 284
trol over both coal and air supply. Fuel cost per ton of steel heated @ curate tests been taken, and those that
Reduction in amount of slag or scale, $3.00 per ton $ 0.426 have show results unfavorable to the
due to non-oxidizing nature of the
In a test of a furnace fitted with me-
chanical stokers in comparison with one
of practically the same general dimen-
sions, and fired by hand, resulting in
the following figures
Hand Stoker
Date of test Sept. 29. '08 Sept. 29. '08
Duration of test, hours 23.75 23.00
Furnace number 2 1

Method of Firing Hand Stoker

Make of stoker "American"
Size of stoker No. 9 Type M
Total weight of coal used. lbs. 9.880 9.720
Total weight of steel heated, lbs. 50.010 58.140
Steel heated per pound of coal... 5.065 5.93
Pounds of coal per ton of steel
heated 394.8 337.2
<••> per ton of steel

heated. lbs 57.8

Saving of coal per ton of steel
heated, p.c 14.33
Total weight of scale, lbs 1.447 1,436
I'ounds of scale per ton of steel.
lbs 58 49.5
Reduction in scale in favor of
stoker, p.c 14.7
Total ash, p.c 2.277 815
Per cent, ash 23 8.38
Total tons of steel per year 5,800 7,000
Total tons of coal per year 1,147.5 1.170
Inc. outuut of stoker fnce. p.c. 20.7
Increased economy of stoker fnce.
P-c 14.33
Axle Furnace, with Stoker.
Cost per ton of steel on basis of
$3.00 coal $0.59 $0.50

In the above instalation the applica- The economy shown in this test is stoker. Where the firing is well within
tion of the stokers resulted in an in- very much better than that obtained the capacity oi one man without mech-
crease of output of 20.7 per cent., and a era, and at which time the furnace was anical aid there does not appear to be
reduction of fuel cost per ton of output hand fired. much reason for installing mechanical
of 14.33 per cent. In addition to these Saving Waste Heat. stokers, although in America it is

savings, the stoker furnace was paying In connection with the coal Bred steel hoped that they will help to abate the
less for its coal, which resulted in B beating furnaces there can be installed black smoke nuisance.
Unique Ways of Doing Things in the Machine Shop. Readers' Opinions
Concerning Shop Practice. Data for Machinists. Contributions paid for.

MAKING SHOP BRIGHTER. condition as before without producing MACHINING LARGE GEARS.
In one machine shops of the
of the any increased light in the shop. The The William Hamilton Co., I'eterboro,
Canadian Locomotive Works, Kingston, machines shown and the others in the had to machine two large gear wheels of
experiments have been made in the shop are enamelled. It is an expensive large size. The pitch diameter was fob')
operation but it gives excellent results. inches and each gear was 1 inch face 1

Besides, the workmen can easily clean with 52 teeth of inch pitch
I These
their machines without fear of removing
the paint. In Fig. 2 the contrast be-
tween the white and dark machines mav
be seen, the one at the left not being


By Frank E. Booth.
As is well known, a large belt is

usually put in its place by tieing it to

the drive wheel rim and turning engine
The objection to this method is thai
the belt gets twisted and crumpled very
often, which might shorten its life of

While instaling an engine in an elec-

tric power house up the country, the Machining Two Large Gears.

Brighter. writer saw the engineer work a lirsi-

class scheme for putting on a large drive were for driving pump for the Petcrboro
painting of the machines which esulted belt, which is illustrated by the accom- water supply.
in a considerable brightening of this panying sketch. In order that they should be exactly
shop. Fig. 1 shows a planer and Fig. 2 A piece of wrought iron pipe was plac- the same they were fastened together in
a slotter. These give an idea of the ap- ed across the face of the wheel, as the manner shown. The gears were then
pearance of the machines when tinted shown, being with a piece of rope
tied treated as one gear with a 22 inch face
white. to the wheel arm C, at one end, while and the machining was proceeded with
Ordinary paint cannot be used ,.s the a longer rope was run to the arm, A, in the regular way.

i 11

To on

t'ut Drive


from the other end. The belt had ap-_
fc^^i proximately the location, as shown Ly
heavy line B, when the engine was turn-
writer in the Brass
formula for
World gives
a solution
Fig. 2.— Making Shop Brighter.
ed over the long rope being underneath
; making an acid test to distinguish
belt. The belt will slide on quite smooth- wrought iron from steel: water, 9 parts;
oil used to lubricate the machine, Mil
in time dissolve the paint so that, the ly when the wheel is moved in- the di- sulphuric acid, 3 parts; muriatic acid, 1

the same rection shown by arrow. part. These acids arc poured into the
machine would soon be left in

irate? and allowed to cool in a glass or Canadian Locomotive Works, Kingston, of an important nature care must be
porcelain dish. The test is made by this accomplished, a jig to hold the
is taken that they do not become lost or
immersing the samples in the solution valve port being constructed, and driven buried on some busy desk where they do
for 15 or 20 minutes. After being rinsed by an ordinary compsessed air motor. not belong. The envelope system is pro-
and dried, the specimens, if iron, will Both parts fit perfectly after the valve bably the best in use to-day, a copy of
show a series of fibres, with the slag in- and seats are thus ground to lit. which is shown on this page and the in-
terspersed between the fibres. Soft steel The jig consists of three arms attach- structions at the top show for what it is

dissolves uniformly and without the ed by bolts to a centre pin. The shape intended.

fibrous structure found in wrought iron. The envelope may he of any :i/e de-
Commenting on kind of a test,
this sired,but about 6" x 8" is a convenient
T. N. Thomson, principal of the School size. The paper should lie of - ioil qual-
ity and the best suited for erasing.
of Sanitary Engineering at the Inter-
national Correspondence Schools, Scran- In each department where messages are
ton, Pa., says this shows that the cor- delivered and received boxes or baskets
rosion of steel is different from the cor- are placed marked "inward" and "out-
rosion of wrought iron, the steel being ward." The messenger arranges a time
uniform and smooth as compared with table which is posted in each department

character of the
showing the time he will call at thai
the jagged, fibrous
wrought iron corrosion. It also shows
the reason why a piece of steel pipe In directing your simplyenvelope,
Valve Grinding Machine Parts.
should last longer than a piece of place a pencil mark thus
wrought iron pipe. The difference, how- the name of the department or party
ever, in favor of the steel — as far as
of the
arm is shown at A
These three arms grip the seat.
in the illus- you wish it delivered to and place it in
corrosion by that process was concerned the "outward" box where the messenger
— was so slight t'hat good steel pipe can
Underneath the arms is a triangular
plate, B, having three slots in which the
receives it, leaving the mark on until he
be considered to be at least equal to reaches the station it is to be delivered
three arms rest. A nut on the centre to where he erases the mark and drops
modern wrought-iron pipe in durability.
pin squeezes the triangular plate up, it in their "Inward" box.
thus holding the valve part tight while
BORING BAR HOLDER. the grinding operation is removed.
This system will be found very eun-
By venient to every manufacturer and espe-
P. A. Rodgers.
cially where there is a cost system in
I have a boring bar holder that will FACTORY MESSANGER SERVICE.
use, there being numerous time tickets,
perhaps be of good service to some ore. By D. A. McLean *
requisitions, etc., sent from the factory
Herewith is a sketch illustrating it. The
Considerable annoyance and delay has to the office.
length A should be the length of top of
been experienced by manufacturing con-
compound rest. The bottom should be
cerns in transmitting messages from one
planed and lug B fitted to T-slot on top • Chief Cost Clerk, Waterous Engine Works.
department to another, and as these are Rrantford.
of compound resl ; C is a T-headed bolt
which fastens same. I) is hole for bar
and should be carefully laid out as the Waterous, Brantford, Canada.
centre of the bar must be in line with
the lathe centres, 1 15-16 is what I use.
E a cap screw which clamps the bar.
is 'Io direct envelope place a check mark with a had pencil, not indelible, oppo-
For boring small holes bars can be site the Department name in the blank.

turned down to any size desired or bush-

no not Write other names on this envelope.
ings may be used. This holder grips

All envelopes arc to be sent to the departments, the memos they contain being
plainly marked for the parties for whom they are intended in the departments.

OFFICE- Bearings
Andrews, W. (Accounting Dept.) Boiler
Campbell,- I). (Customs, etc.) Brass
Cost Office
Fire Engine
Engineering Dept. Foundry
Fux, J. A., (Chief Engineer)
End View, Boring Bar Holder. Large, D. S., (Sales Dept.) Millwright
Mair, Walter T., (Treasurer) Main Stock Room
very fast and gives the bar a solid sup Paint
Order- Dept.
port. There is only one nut to tighten Pattern
and no clamps or packing blocks are re- Photographer Portable
quired. Specification Dept.
Saw Mill
Waterous, C. (Pies. (ien. Mgr.
Waterous, D. .1. (Vice-Pies. & Secy.) Stock Shed
In grinding valves and valve seats,
great care must be taken to have the Waterous, C. A. Sup't
two parts fit closely together thus com-
Waterous, L. M. Tool Room
pletely eliminating any chance of steam
leakage. By a simple contrivance at the
AN INCLINED HYDRAULIC compressed air piping of the factory
SYSTEM. If a closed tension spring
is wanted,
and the working of the elevator is ex- the piece A
By Frank out entirely.
is left The
C. Perkins. tremely simple.
wooden tension blocks are clamped with
A novel system utilizing an in-
lift In order to lower the car when the the proper tension in a vise. If no vise
cline plane is shown
in the accompany- platform is at the top of incline the can be procured, an ordinary clamp
ing illustrations Figs. 1 and 2. Fig. 1 compressed air is allowed to escape will answer the purpose.— Scientific,
shows the inlined plane elevator car and the valve between the inclined American.
loaded with a heavy engine casting,
while Fig. 2, shows the car platform of
the lift lowest position.
Very heavy engine castings had to be Vanadium steels, their classification
transferred between the two floors of and heat treatment with directions for
two workshops, where there was a con- application of vanadium to iron and
siderable difference of level. This form steel is the subject of an 84 page book-
of elevator was constructed as the let by J. Kent Smith and issued by
most practical and economical on ac- the American Vanadium Co., Frick
count of the castings in many cases Bldg., Pittsburg. Its toughening effect
being very long and producing unequal on steel is pointed out. Tables are
weights on the car. given with regard to composition and
It will be noted that the car provid- heat treatment, the results given being
ed is very long, moving on an incline deduced from experience with chrome-
plane of concrete with rails on the vanadium steels.
platform and
a track below with a The use of vanadium steel for rail-
hydraulic cylinder placed on the in- road work is dealt with, tables being
cline between the rail. given showing the application of vana-
By this construction there was no dium steel with the type of metal and
trouble encountered in loading very heat treatment. It is claimed that lo-
long pieces or placing the same on one comotive axles, springs, etc., may be
side as the difference in weight on the made much lighter than now in com-
various portions of the car had no in- mon use and yet possess better tenacity
fluence on the proper working of
the and longer life. These steels are also
Fig. 2.—Car Platform in Lowest Position.
machine. The
hydraulic cylinder on applied to bridge work.
the incline in the centre of the track
cylinder and vertical tank is opened by
communicates with a vertical tank
placed near the wall in the background
lifting a counterweight on the level of SCHOOL FOR RAILWAY MEN.
the cock. The car and platform A
School of Locomotive Instruction
and supplying the necessary power for
reaches the bottom of the incline in was recently started in Truro, N.S., in
raising the car. There is a valve pro-
about 30 seconds when the operation connection with the I.R.C. mechanical
vided in the piping connecting the cylin-
drops the counterweight and the valve department. A large room in the Rest
is closed. If desired the air cock is House at the Round House is used. The
then opened in order to be ready for room is provided with railway appli-
immediate hoisting when desired, at the ances, regular classes are held and the
proper moment it only being necessary men take a great interest in the dis-
to again raise the counter-weight. cussions. Among
the classes are those
in mathematics, care and des-
HOW TO WIND AN OPEN SPRING. patch of locomotives, best methods, etc.
An easy way to wind a spring of the Among those interested in the organi-
compression type will be found in the zation are Charles McCarthy, a brake

accompanying illustration. The mandrel instructor, and James D. Turner, chief

on which the spring is wound is select- car inspector, and Superintendent of
ed according to size of spring wanted. wrecking appliances of Moncton, and
In this case the mandrel and the end of M. M. McLaren, chief train despatcher
of Truro.

The faculty of science at McGill Uni-
versity have arranged for a course of
lectures with a view to giving engineer-
ing students some knowledge of busi-
ness. R. A. .Ross, M.P., secretary of
Ross & Holgate, has been secured to
Fig. 1.— Incline Plane Elevator Car. give a course of 25 lectures on business
engineering or engineering economics,
der with the tank, which is shut off in to third year students. For all depart-
order that the car remains stationary ments but electrical engineering this
wherever it is stopped. By closing this HSw to Wind an Open Spricg. course will be obligatory. Some of the
valve when the loaded car has reached subjects included in the course will be :

the top of the incline, there is no pos- the wire were fastened in the chuck of Property currency, documents, securi-
sible way for the platform to slide a carpenter's brace. The piece A is a ties, bonds, the Bank Act, the Com-
down the incline. The vertical tank narrow strip of metal, the thickness of panies Act, company financing and
near the wall is connected with the which regulates the spacing of the coils. trust companies.

For Manufacturers. Cost and Efficiency Articles Rather Than Technical.
Steam Power Plants ; Hydro Electric Development ; Producer Gas, Etc.

LOCOMOTIVE TYPE MARINE long and the boiler contains 156 tubes DODGE TRANSMISSION MACHIN-
BOILER. two indies diameter by 14 feet long. ERY.
By A. W. Spotton.* The longitudinal seams are double butt The Dodge All',;;. Cb., Toronto, are fill-
strapped and double riveted, while the ing some large contracts at the present
The Goldie & McCulloch Co., Limited, circumferential seams are lap and double time, including a complete machinery
Gait. Out., have recently supplied some riveted.
equipment for the C.P.R. million bushel
marine boilers for use in British Col-
Dimensions. grain elevator at Victoria Harbor. The
umbia. These boilers were built for a
The following table gives the principal contract covers over 400 tons of iron
working pressure of 200 pounds. The
dimensions. work. Several carloads of this have
accompanying cut shows the boiler in
been delivered and the rest is Hearing
course of erection and as will be noted Diameter of barrel GO in.

Diameter of wagon top completion in the shops.

the wagon top is of larger radius than 07 in.

Width of fire box Reproduced on the page opposite are

the barrel and joined to it by a taper •">(> in.
three views of a lar<re pulley recently
course. The fire box is exceptionally Length of fire box 7 ft.

deep and provided with two lire doors. Number completed in the Dodge shops, for a
of tubes 156
the upper one used when burning wood Diameter of tubes continuous rope drive, in one of the
2 in.

and the lower one when burning coal. Length of tubes 14 ft.
mines in British Columbia. Fig. 1 shows
The ash pit and smoke box are detach- Length of smoke box ihe 20-ft. wheel on the boring mill. The
4 ft.

able and are bolted to the body of the Overall length of boiler.... 2") ft. 5 in.
man on the centre will give an idea of
boiler. The smoke box is provided with Thickness of barrel shell .... 21-32 in.
the size of the wheel. An extension arm
a spark hopper and spark arrester. The Thickness of wagon top ,... .'52-32 in.
is used in boring large pulleys, and was
barrel of the boiler is 00 inches diameter Thickness of tube sheet 9-16 in.
used in this case.

and the wagon top 67 inches diameter. Thipkness of crown sheet.... 7-lfl in. Pig. 2shows half of the same pulley
The fire box is ofi inches wide bv 7 feet Heating surface 1,300 sq. ft. with a number of men from the works.
Grate surface 32.5 sq. ft. This gives a good idea of the size of the
Ratio of beating to "rate surface 40 pulley. Pig. 3 shows the 20' rope wheel
• Mechanical Engineer. Ooldie & McCulloch
Co.. Calt. Ont. Working pressure. 200 lbs. persq. in.
. . . on the balancing ways.

ik':iv\ Locomotive Type Marine Boiler, Goldie & McCulloch Co., Gait,

1 1/ * "
3 l

vfff V^/\

Fig. 1.— Machining 20' Rope Wheel.


; 7

|J%" * v
|!'- - -' ':

Fig. 2.— View Giving an Idea of i.he Size of the Pulle

Fig. 3.—20' Rope Wheel.

every man connected with a machine shop should have.
It's —
cheap information, too only a two-cent stamp and

(JnadianMachinery a few minutes' time per catalogue.

But, whatever you do, we want you to write to us
^MANUFACTURING NEWS»> about Canadian Machinery. We are making a frank con-
A monthly newspaper devoted to machinery and manufacturing- interests fession to you, that we are aware of the room
mechanical and electrical trades, the foundry, technical progress, construction for improvement, and we reiterate we want your

and improvement, and to all useis of power developed from steam, gas, elec-
r icity, compressed air and water in Canada. co-operation. After all, it is the readers' co-operation
that makes or breaks a paper. You pay for the publish-
The MacLean Publishing Co., Limited ing indirectly, because you make it pay the advertisers
JOHN BAYNE MACLEAN, President W. L. EDMONDS. Vice-President to use our columns, and therein is the paper's revenue.
H.V. TYRRELL, Toronto - - Business Manager
G.C. KEITH, M.E., B.Sc., Toronto Managing Editor So, you see, we are anxious to "get in right" with you,
F. C. D.WILKES, B.Sc, Montreal Associate Editor
and the only way for us to know when we have reached
OFFICES : this stage is to have you tell us (without gloves on)
CANADA UNITED STATES when and how we are in wrong. Won't you f
Montreal Rooms 701-702 Eastern
Niw Y«rk - - R. B. Huestis
Townships Bank Bldg 1109-1111 Lawyers' Title, Insur-
Toronto - 10 Front Street East ance and Trust Building
Pbone Main 9701 Phone, 1111 Cortlandt
Winnipio, 511 Union Bank Building
F. R. Munro Paris John F. Jones X Co..
British Columbia Vancouver
. 31bis, Faubourg Montmartre, Headers will be interested in the bill introduced in
H. Hodgson. Paris, France
Room 21. Hartney Chambers Parliament this week by Hon. Mackenzie King with the
London . 88 Fleet Street, E.C. object of preventing the formation and continuance of
Phone Central 12960 Zurich Louis Wol
Meredith McKim Orell Fussli Si Co organizations controlling the market on any commodity
Cable Address: in a monopolistic manner.
Macpubco, Toronto. Atabek, London, Eng.
It is proposed that any six persons who believe that
SUBSCRIPTION RATE. a combine exists may send a request for an investiga-
Canada, United States, $1.00. Great Britain, Australia and other colonies
4a. 6d., Advertising rates on request.
per year; other countries, $1.50. tion. The judge then orders a hearing, and if he finds
Subscribers who are not receiving their paper regularly will that there is a prima facie case, he may direct an in-
confer a favor on us by letting; us know. We should be notified
at once of any change in address, giving both old and new. vestigation to be made through the machinery provided
by the Act. The Board of Investigation will consist of
Vol. VI. February, 1910 No. 2 three members, one to be appointed on the recommenda-
tion of the complainants, another on the recommenda-
tion of the defendants, and the third by these two. If it
A CHAT WITH THE EDITOR. is found that an unfair combination exists, the duty
upon the article concerned may be removed or decreased,
We, the editors of Canadian Machinery, would veiy or a fine of a thousand dollars a day may be imposed.
much like to have a ten-minute chat with each and every
Provision is also made that in case the owner or
one of our readers at least twice a year. We want to do
holder of a patent makes use of the exclusive rights he
this because we want you to get confidential and tell us
controls so as to unduly limit the manufacture or supply
how you like the paper, what you would criticize about
of such article in a manner to injure trade or commerce
it, etc. It is in this way, and, we believe, only in this
such patents shall be liable to be revoked.
way, that we can make Canadian Machinery of greatest
use to you. Weakness of Bill.

The trouble that if each of you were to pass

is Every fair-minded man, every business man and every
through our office, stopping only for ten minutes, it student of economics recognizes that one of the conditions
would take over four months to go from A to Z, and in of modern business methods is the development of mergers
the meantime where would Canadian Machinery be 1 So and combinations in other words of agreements between

what we want you to do is to sit down some evening various classes of mercantile enterprises.
when you have ten or fifteen minutes to spare and write Some combinationsare no doubt based on illegitimate
us a letter containing your views, criticisms, etc. Call grounds. Their sole aim
is to bleed the public. But they
us down, if you think we reed it. It will probably do are not all of this type. On the contrary we believe the

us both good you, to get it out of your system, and majority of these mergers or agreements are not only
us, to have our weak spots shov-n up. Sometimes, you based on sound business principles, but on sound moral
know, editors like us are apt to get the idea that our principles as well. They are merely created with a view-
paper is just about perfect, when in reality there is loads to rectifying evils or curtailing cost of doing business.
of room for improvement. We will admit that we do
Hut as the law now stands the legitimate merger,
think Canadian Machinery IS a pretty good paper for combination, agreement, or whatever we may choose to
its field, but it can be made much better and we want
call it, is subject to irritating, costly and unjust legal
your help. proceedings. This ought not to be, and could easily be
If you don't want your letter published, .-a\ BO, and obviated if the Government would provide proper safe-
that settles THAT question. If you have any ideas about guards which would at the same time protect the public
machine shop and foundry management, labor-saving as well as the members of the combinations which were
dodges, jigs, systems, etc., tell us about them, because legally and morally sound.
we pay real money for those sort of letters. It appears to us that the most simple way of doing
Another thing you are interested in any line of
: If this would be for the Government to create a permanent
machinery, write to Canadian Machinery advertisers and board similar to that of the Railway Commission, which
get their catalogues. They will be glad to send them if is doing such good work in the interests of the shippers
you mention Canadian Machinery, and a good library and traveling public of the country. This board could
of up-to-date catalogues is a mighty good thing to have. make a tentative examination of any charges made, and
They g-enerally contain a fund of useful information that ii a prima facie case was made out take such steps as

would lead to a thorough investigation and the punish- the "old man" glowering aroundto see where he can
ment found guilty.
of the parties if find fanlt, the utmost harmony between me-
there is
No one denies to-day the right of labor to combine chanics, foremen, superintendent and proprietor.
for legitimate purposes. No one would probably deny The system that leads to this harmonious end should
that in theory business men enjoy the same right. be encouraged. Trusting the men will go a long way
Hut in practice they do not enjoy the same right. Wher- towards harmonious relationships. The benefit societies
ever and whenever business men combine, merge, or or- installed in many
shops, the rest and recreation rooms,
ganize in any way the fact is heralded by the daily press the educational systems, first aid to injured, etc., are
as a menace to the public welfare, and the authorities are developments in factory system and management which
forced to prosecute and the members of the combination cannot help but draw out the best in every conscientious
to protect themselves in a costly, and usually long-pend- workmen.
tng suit, whether they are innocent or guilty
The forman or superintendent of a few years ago.
A permanent board such as suggested would protect
who ruled by fear would look in wonder at the machine
the public, and at the same time prevent pernicious and
shop of to-day where the superintendent, foremen and
unjust prosecutions of business men, whose organizations
workmen are all friends. The eare workmen is an
ot the
are founded upon equity and justice.
important feature in machine shop management which,
The weakness of the bill now before the House of Com-
with the educational features, has united the managers
mons, is that it does not provide for this much needed
and workmen better than any forcible means could ever
accomplish. In this issue is described the system of
First Aid in the Angus Shops, Montreal. This system
ILLEGITIMATE SALESMANSHIP. can be applied to any shop where the management and
In spit) of i lit- rigorous provisions of the Secret Com- workmen co-operate.
- Ac i prohibits the giving of secret rebates One thing that the machine shop management, except
Bnd a 11 some salesmen who in their in a few cases, have neglected is the protection of ma-
desire to get business are resorting to practices which are chinery. Canadian Machinery has, in almost every
forbidden by the A;. issue, brought to the notice of managers, superinten-
Our attention frequently drawn to flagrant breaches
is dents, foremen and other readers, the necessity of pro-
of the Act and one of the most common practices in this tecting machinery. We are rewarded by many methods
regard appears to be the passing from the pocket of the being adopted—cages arc used to protect belting, floor
nan to the palm of the customer a sum of money countershafts arc being boarded over and other means
sufficient to induce the latter to place an order for goods are being used. There is still a large field for improve-
on wiieli there is a fixed selling price. ment along this line.
Aside altogether from the moral aspect of such prac- Other things, if adopted, will also increase the effi-
they are proofs of poor rather than good salesma-n- ciency of the shop. Toilet rooms, tool rooms and store
-aiji. When a salesman resorts to secret rebates and other rooms are often arranged at great distances. To concen-
dishonest practices in order to secure business it is an trate these, toilet rooms should be arranged so that the
acknowledgement of his own inefficiency to sell goods in men will not lose time by walking unnecessary distances.
rdinary way. Tool rooms and store rooms have been concentrated in
The true salesman is he who relies upon the merits of some shops by using boys to deliver tools, etc., thus
saving the time of expensive men. In this case a private
>ods, plus his own personality, to effect sales; not
he who unwise as to run telephone exchange is necessary. It can be computed in
is so the risk of incurring
dollars and cents, the loss of time caused by the average
severe legal penalties in order to accomplish that which
he cannot do by legitimate means.
man to walk one hundred yards and return. The man-
agement should not keep their view concentrated on
One thing that perhaps can be said in favor of the
direct expenses, but the indirect expenses should receive
salesman who is ready to break the law in order to effect
a sale is that he is at least courageous in view of the fact
attention. A
close following up of these items will
greatly increase the efficiency of the workmen and largely
that he is running the risk of a maximum penalty of a
increase the output of the shops, even more than at the
$2,500 fine or two years' imprisonment.
present time.
Those Who have to substitute crookedness for efficiency
should either learn the secret of true salesmanship or
embark in some vocation in which dishonesty rules all NOTES OF THE MONTH.
Some day somebody will be caught, when there will The French Treaty has been ratified by both the
tiling and gnashing of teeth. French and Canadian governments and will shortly be-
come operative.
* * *
MACHINE SHOP MANAGEMENT. The people of Toronto recognize the value to Canada
Those who have watched the development of the ma- of the Canadian National Exhibition, and have voted
chine shop cannot fail to be struck with the great im- $320,000 to provide new buildings, and other improve-
provement the present day shops over those of only
in ments at the Fair. These will be completed during the
a few years ago. Improvements in mechanism have kept next three years and will include Live Stock Arena,

Srith improvements in systems, factories arc better 1110,000; Machinery Hall. (75,000; Women's Building,
designed, they are more fireproof, cost systems have been $80,000 Poultry Building, $30,000
; Dotr Building, $25,-

ni-.talled, handled with greater facility by means

work i> 000; Lavatory accommodation, $20,000; Women's rest
of crane-, tracks, etc., and perhaps better than all these building, $7,000; Band Stand, $350. It is sincerely
is the fact that the near' sighted policies of dealing with hoped that the new Machinery Hall, which will be one
men arc being eliminated and forgotten, and mechanics of the most, educative features of the Exhibiyion, will be

are being taught to stand on their own feet. Instead of started at once.


New Machinery for Machine Shop, Foundry, Pattern Shop, Planing
Mill ; New Engines, Boilers, Electrical Machinery, Transmission Devices.

UNIVERSAL DIVIDING HEAD. ism. Large diameter worm wheel is inch swing head, and 6J inch diameter
The Universal Dividing Head is per- essential the best work.
to On this on the 13j inch swing head.
haps the most delicate and important dividing head the worm wheel is The worm one piece with the
is in
mechanism connected with the milling mounted centrally inside the head block, worm shaft which runs
in a long and
machine. It is subjected to frequent between the front and rear spindle liberal bearing. This bearing extends
and varied use, and the work done by bearings. It is keyed and pressed to up to the shoulder formed by the worm
it must, as a rule, be thoroughly ac- spindle, insuring positive movement to proper, and consequently affords strong
curate. The ideal dividing head there- spindle when engaged by worm. The bearing support close to the point of
fore must be essentially accurate must ; worm located at an angle, the worm
mesh. The worm runs constantly in
be of such construction as best to pre- shaft being at an angle of 36 degrees oil. The wear between the worm and
serve that accuracy, both by its rigid- from the horizontal. This brings the worm wheel is very easily taken up
through outside adjusting screw shown.
This adjustment is in a straight line,
• perpendicular to the axis of the worm

^m wheel, and thus preserves the align-

ment and accuracy in repeated adjust-

1 Ppijl .
m Hferri fr*
ments. The worm is easily disengaged
from the worm wheel for quick index
through worm wheel direct. This is
through means entirely independent of
its adjustment, which therefore is

Another advantage is that,
in the common necessity
tightening of
^^^~ the nut on arbors which have been put
in the spindle, the strain is relieved
^^L^*""^ from the worm wheel
~~ teeth.
99d plunger is mounted on the
Tin- index
ft?* » »-
worm shaft, therefore indexing directly
^^BP^^ <*—— to the worm wheel, leaving no chance
for error or inaccurancy. The fact that
the worm shaft is set at an angle as
already described, likewise locates the
Fig. 1. — Kempsmith New Style Universal Dividing Bead. index plate at. an angle from the verti-
cal. This makes it easy for the opera-
ity and by its method of adjustment ;
point mesh of worm with worm
of tor to read in indexing, because it is
must be compact and convenient, and wheel correspondingly around to an directly in his line of vision in his
universal in its scope. In their new angle from the vertical. This makes it natural operating position. Two index
and improved Universal Dividing Head, possible to utilize a great deal of extra plates are regularly furnished, providing
the Kempsmith Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, space for the worm wheel, otherwise all division changes up to 60, all even
Wis., have embodied these considera- occupied necessarily by the worm, when numbers and multiples of 5, up to 120,
tions in a marked degree. Its substan- located directly over or under the and a very liberal number of division
tial and compact construction is well worm wheel. The result is that the changes between 120 and 400. Three
indicated by Fig. 1. worm wheel can be made extremely special high number index plates can be
The most important feature of the large in proportion to the size of the furnished, which provide 122 additional
dividing head is the dividing mechan- —
head 5J inches diameter on the 101 division changes between 61 and 400,

f ^A *


HP- ^^> "' n

Fig. 2— Head Showing Work Paused Through Spindle. Fig. 3. — Head Arranged for Cutting Ordinary Spiral.
including all divisions up to 200, not the worm is driven direct from the top. This allows the use of large dia-
obtained through the standard index change gear shaft. Fig. 3 shows the meter shank or end milling cutters in
plates. This fact of the index plate be- dividing head set up with a train of squaring shafts, and similar work, as
ing at an angle will also permit of still change gears in the usual manner for shown in Fig. 2. The centre is firmly
larger plates being mounted in extreme- cutting an ordinary spiral, the job fixed in the tailstock and has rapid and
ly special individual instances without shown being a standard spiral milling easy adjustment. It oan be elevated by
requiring increase in the swing of the cutter 3 inch diameter, 18 teeth, with rack and pinion for milling tapers, and
dividing head. 48-inch lead of the spiral. On this can be tilted and chimped into align-
Direct indexing is easily accomplished dividing head a very interesting depar- ment with the work. This Universal
with worm and worm wheel disengaged. ture is provided for short leads, by Dividing Head is furnished in two sizes,
The plunger engages the circle of holes which the gear train is led direct from to swing 10J and 13J inches.
in the front of the worm wheel. The lead-screw to the dividing head spindle,
spindle is graduated to correspond, on an extension stud being provided on the CAMSHAFT GRINDER.
the front shoulder. spindle as already described. This is The camshaftof an automobile or
The spindle is large with liberal taper shown and this also shows
in Fig. 4, marine engine is an all essential factor.
bearings, and has a simple and power- the use of the Universal Milling Attach- Its cams, differing in angle one from
ful locking device, and is furnished with ment where the angle between cutter another, must be exact of form and
the same size taper hole and threaded and work is greater than can be ob- exact, of angle. The desirability
of hav-
nose as on the main spindle of the tained through the swivel table. In the ing them made one piece with their
universal millers on which the head is charts which accompany this dividing shaft is evident. For grinding the cam
regularly furnished, making all tools head, data is given for leads from .120 forms on a camshaft The Norton Grind-
interchangeable, has a large hole runn- to 1J inches through gearing direct, and ing Co., Worcester, Mass., has develop-

3m i^ R| wbbbm
1 !

/ i p •T

MBm " IE s
SSi : »-

7 .

- 'i
*-' a
yy, x
Fig. 4. — Short Lead ; the Gear Train is Led Direct from Lead Screw. ig. 5.— Testing Accuracy of Worm Teeth.

ing through, an idea of which can be for leads from 1.550 to 100 inches for ed an attachment to be used on its
gathered from Fig. 2, which shows the gearing through the worm. standard type of machine.
work passed through the spindle. The Fig. 5 shows a method employed in The fixture, as may be seen in Fig. 1,
rear end of the spindle is arranged to testing the accuracy of the worm wheel is fastened on the machine in the same

receive an extension stud for use in in every tooth. The master plate is manner as the head and tailstock and
gearing direct from the lead-screw to mounted in the spindle and has 40 per- is arranged to have a rocking motion,

the spindle for cutting fine leads as de- fect divisions. It is therefore possible that the line of the cam form may be
scribed later. The rotating block to test the relative and cumulative followed in the grinding. The work is
carrying the spindle swings through an error for the teeth individually. The mounted on centres and is held by a
arc of 150 degrees, from 10 degrees be- maximum relative error allowed is special dogging device, the dog being
low the horizontal to 50 degrees beyond .0005 on the master plate, and the held tight between two pins on a face
the perpendicular. Tt is powerfully maximum cumulative error at any point plate. The end of the work is splined
clamped in a horizontal or vertical or is on the master plate. The aver-
.002 and keyed into the dog, so that exact
angular position by two bolts. These age is less than half of this. The mas- alignment is maintained, until the last
bolts clamp the whole surface of flanges ter plate is 11 inch diameter, and worm operation, the grinding of the last cam
around the periphery at both front and wheel 5£ inch diameter, consequently completed. Upon the shaft of the at-
rear sides of the head. errors on the master plate are corres- .
tachment, in which is the head centre,
This dividing head is furnished with pondingly reduced on the worm wheel is mounted a group of master cams,
a series of 12 change gears for spiral proper. corresponding in number and form and
milling. The change gear bracket is The tailstock is of the side centre angle to the cams to be ground. This
very easily attached or removed. The type. The centre the tail-
is set into shaft is driven by gears from the main
mitre gear on this meshes with the stock at an angle, bringing the centre . (hiving plate of the machine. Fastened
mitre gear attached to the index plate ; within J-inch of inner side of the tail- to the table, like a back rest, is a
bracket which carries a rod upon which wheel mounted in a fixture. This wheel the regular type is that it is equipped
slides a roll carrier. The rod is drilled takes the place of the roll and is in the with an adjustable collar provided with
to receive a pin in the roll carrier, same relative position that the roll
integral keys, which slide in longitudinal
there being a pin position to bring the occupies to the master cams during the
grinding of camshafts, and in the final keyways in the arbor. The arbor is also
roll opposite each of the master cams.
The cam is held against the roll by operation is sized to micrometer to the threaded for a short distance to receive
spring pressure. This is accomplished ex-act size that the roll will be. Con- an adjusting nut, which bears on the

Fig. 1. —Cam Grinding Attachment. Fig- 2.— Grinder Arranged for Grinding Master Cams.

by a spring plunger, consisting of a sequently the conditions attending the eollar. The collar engages the shell
heavy casing with a plunger backed by grinding of the master cams are iden- reamers in the usual way.
a powerful spring, which is always act- tical with those which exist when these Perhaps the chief advantage of the
ing to keep the master cam in full con- cams are employed in commercial work, new arbor is the quickness and ease with
tact with the roller. As the roller is and a corresponding degree of reliance which it releases the shell tool, no mat-
fixed in position the camshaft is con- may be placed upon the accuracy of ter how tightly it may have become jam-
strained to oscillate as it rotates in the product. Fig. 3 shows a typical
med on the arbor; a turn or two of the
definite relation to the form of the solid camshaft ground with this attach-
adjusting nut does the trick, with no
master cam. In doing the work the ment.
necessity for removing the arbor from
the spindle, and no excuse for the vise
and hammer methods which often cause
considerable damage.
Another decided advantage is the fact
that the collar can always be set so as
to allow the shell tool to fit snugly on
Fig. 3.— A Solid Crankshaft Ground in the Cam Shaft Grinder
the arbor, and yet fully engage with its
slots the collar keys.
roll is pinned in position against the RELEASING ARBOR.
first master cam, and the grinding con- The Cleveland Twist Drill Co., Clare-
tinues until the first cam of the work land, has secured the patents and is about A. S. Herbert, manager of Canadian
has been finished. The roller then In place on the market new arbor tor
branch of Siemens Bros., Dynamo Works,
passes to its second position and the
second cam to the grinding wheel, and
so on until the shaft is completed.
The master cams themselves are pro-
duced in much the same manner, a
model cam being used to give the re-
quired form. The group of blanks is
mounted in the attachment, as shown
in Fig. 2. A stationary steel arc of the
same radius as the grinding wheel takes
its place and is maintained in contact
with the model cam which for the time
being is the master. Spring pressure is Patent K<l<asing Arbor of Cleveland Twist Drill Co.
applied to accomplish this function, bu:
the plunger is arranged to act in the sheii toois. As is indicated in the ac- Stafford, England, sailed for England on
reverse direction. The grinding of the companying illustration, the essential Jan-. 6, and will spend about two months
master cam blanks is done by a small difference between -this patent arbor and in the Old Country.
LARGE DOUBLE-DOUBLE-CRANK and weight is the adjustment of the quickly doing what would otherwise be
PRESS. slide. In the press shown, this taken is slow and laborious work, insures the per-
The E. W. Bliss Co., 20 Adams Street, off in a very effective and simple way fest alignment of the side in relation to
Brooklyn, N.Y., have recently designed
by a —
chain drive the chains running the bed. By shifting the lever to the
and built a large double-double-crank from the shafts carrying the adjusting right, the slide is raised, and by shift-
bevel pinions back to a small driving ing to the left lowered.
press, shown in the accompanying- illus- it is

tration. The large machine is of the

double-crank type, of a special design.
being in reality a double-double-crank
press. The machine is especially adapted
for the operation of very long and nar-
row dies, for punching, forming, piercing,
bending and similar operations which re-
quire great pressure. It embodies cert a in
improvements in detail which adapt il to
the special work it has to do. The ma-
chine, which is double-geared, is driver- Lang'si New Tool Holder.
by [lower friction clutch located on the
driving shaft, which clutch is engaged shaft, which runs the entire width of LANG'S NEW TOOL HOLDER.
and disengaged by means of the treadle the press. This shaft which derives its 1 lie principal of advantage
running along the entire front of the power by means of a belt from the main claimed for Lang's new tool holder is
press: the treadle being connected by driving shaft, is fitted with two friction that will take a much
it heavier cut
treadle levers with a treadle shaft lo- dutches. In order to raise or lower the than is possible with the ordinary tool
cated at the rear of the press, to which slide, it is only necessary for the operator holder. The cutter is of triangular sec-
is attached the counter weights and con- to shift the lever located above the slide tion, and is held rigid in the "V" slot,
which insures a perfect
between the (it

cutter and holder. It is also backed up

clear to the cutting end with a support
which prevents the cutter from spring-
ing down or back away from the work.
The tools are made in right and left
hand and are intended to be used exactly
as the solid forged tool. One of the
great disadvantages heretofore in using
an inserted cutter of this kind has been
the tendency of the cutter to slip back
in the holder. This is especially notice-
able on heavy, long cuts. This fault has
been overcome in this holder by the in-

Lang's New Tool Holder.


Sertion of an ordinary steel ball at the

rear of the cutter. These balls are ad-
vanced from pocket to pocket as the end
of the cutter is worn away and moved
forward. The pockets are connected to-
gether by a slot as shown, and when the
cutter is loosened, the balls are easily
changed from one pocket to the other
but after the cutter is back in position,
it is impossible for the ball to drop out,

as the cutter hits it above the Center,

forcing against the bottom of the
pocket where the entire thrust is taken.
Bliss Large Double-Double Crank Puss. This positive stop is not intended to be
used on ordinary work, as the clamping
nections which operate directly upon the between the two cranks at the left-hand bolt holds the cutter- sufficiently tight
clutch. side of the press, which engages the for all ordinary purposes for which tool
In the construction of large presses of clutch which operates the chain' drive, holders are usually used. These holders
the double-crank type, au important This, in turn, operates the four adjust- are manufactured by G. R. Lang Co.,
consideration on account of alignment ing screws in unison, and in addition to Meadville, Pa.

Practical Articles for Canadian Foundrymen and Pattern Makers, and
News of Foundrymen's and Allied Associations. Contributions Invited.

DETROIT CONVENTION. scene. The lady is at the piano, her ramming sand, and the development of
The convention in Detroit, June 6-10, face veiled in Shadow, while the medi- the machine has been corres-
promises to be a greater success than tative features of the father and the pondingly rapid, until to-day it is re-
ever. The American Foundrymen's As- face of the sleeping child are illumined cognized as a most practicable method
sociation, the American Brass Associa- by the firelight, the whole effect being of ramming large bodies of sand by
tion and the Foundry and Manufactur- one of soft peacef illness and solemn joy. power. It is probably safe to say that
ers' Supply Association have well or- Tlie managers of the Hamilton Facing ten years ago no one would have
ganized local committees for making; Mill Co. are to be congratulated on their thought of a jarring machine for molds
the convention a success. aesthetic taste. any larger than those used on a power
From present indications the Supply squeezer which one or two men could
Men will use twice the space used at handle, but it has since been found
TABER SHOCKLESS JARRING- MA- that large molds can be rammed as
the previous events to house the ex-
hibits, and it is urged that all who in- readily as small ones and to-day it is
lairing machines have been steadily
not uncommon to hear of jarring ma-

tend to exhibit complete their plans at

growing in favor for the last five or
an early date and at the same time in- chines capable of ramming molds weigh-
six years, prior to which, method this
ing ten to twenty tons. But with this
form Secretary C. E. Hoyt as to the
of ramming sand, although not new by
amount of space they desire, etc. The increase in capacity has come the very
permanent buildings will have concrete serious complaint of damage due to
floors on the ground level, and exhibits foundation shocks when such heavy
requiring foundations and pits masses fall upon their anvil. These
will have to be placed in the shocks are destructive to molds set up
temporary buildings. The main in the neighborhood of the machine and

building spat:e not be laid out or

"will the ground waves sometimes travel far
temporary building plans made until enough to cause serious annoyance in
information is received concerning mem- other departments of a manufacturing
bers' requirements. The cost of space plant. Chemists complain that they
will be 50 cents per square foot. The can not use their sensitive balances
Cadillac hotel has been chosen as head- while the jarring machine is running
quarters for the Foundry and Manufac- and the efficiency of offices and drawing
turers' Supply Associations. rooms is impaired by the distracting
The following are the secretaries : Dr. and disturbing influence of the jarring
Richard Moldenke,
Watching, N.J.. machine near by.
American Foundrymen's Association ; The present machine has therefore
W. M. Corse, Detroit, American Brass been designed to eliminate these objec-
Founders' Association C. E. Hoyt,
; tionable foundation shocks and to put
Chicago, American Foundry Foremen. upon the market a jarring machine
and Foundry and Manufacturers' Supply which can be used in any position and
Association. under any conditions where an ordinary
power squeezer would be practicable.
HANDY OFFICE RULE. Even in brass foundries on the upper
floors high buildings it is practical
The Dominion Foundry Supply Co.,
Montreal and Toronto, are remembering to instal a Tabor Shockless Jarring
Machine if the building is strong enough
their friends with a handy and useful
to carry its weight.
souvenir in the shape of a fifteen inch
office rule.On the front in addition to Fig.l. —Tabor Shocklcss Jarring Machine. To demonstrate this fact a small ma-
the name are the words, "Everything chine with 8 inch jarring cylinder has

you need in the Foundry." On any means, was not recognized or ap- been built by The Tabor Mfg. Co. and
the re-
preciated beyond a very limited field. the illustrations herewith are made
verse side is a list of the wide range of
equipment earned by the Dominion Like many other good things which from photographs of this machine, ex-
Foundry Supply Co. have not been pushed commercially or cept the sectional view which has been
advertised extensively, the jarring ma- taken from the design for a twenty-five
chine has had a long period of respose ton machine on order.
HANDSOME CALENDAR. Fig. 1 shows the machine as it ap-
by Hains-
since its original conception
The Hamilton Facing Mill Co., foun-
worth in Improvements were
1869. pears ready to instal. Fig. 2 shows
dcv^outfitters, Hamilton, remembered made from time to time by various in- the same machine set up in a pit made
their cusi^«i£rs on Christmas with one of ventors, notably by Jarvis Adams in to receive it with linkage connecting
the handsomest u?4ejidars yet issued for 1878, but the machines were not ex- the operating valve on the machine to
advertising purposes/"^?* >k a reproduc- ploited and were confined in their use the operating levers as conveniently ar-
tion of that beautiful home scene of Al- chiefly to the foundries controlled or ranged near the jarring table.
bert Herter, "Just a Song at) Twilight." operated by their inventors. Fig. 3 shows in section the jarring
The effect of the light from /the fireplace In the last decade, however, the pub- table the anvil cylinder and a simpler
is very marked, it greatly increasing the lic has gradually awakened to the ad- arrangement of connections to the op-
romantic, twilight sentim/nt of the vantages possessed by this method of erating valve than it was possible to

improvise for the photograph from the supporting
springs beneath the anvil cylinder while the table is falling.
which Pig. 2 was made. anvil carry the entire load of anvil, When the operating valve
is again
Fig. 1 shows the bell cranks con- table and mold, and they do this under- shifted tothe table, the valve is
trolling the variable stroke of the jarr- static conditions and also while the opened to exhaust and the anvil is,
ing table and the automatic cut-off of table is rising, but when the table therefore, free to drop.
the piston valve. This valve is of the reaches the upward limit of its travel, Use of Air.
differential pressure type operated by and when the air is exhausted to let it In this machine attention has been
constant and intermittent pressure drop, the anvil is suddenly relieved of given to the economical use of air and
through the pilot valve, shown connect- the air pressure, which supported the the operating valve is designed to use
ed by link to bell crank in front of table, and as a natural result the it expansively in the jarring cylinder as
photo. The position of stop which springs beneath the anvil expand and well as to expand it again in the anvil
controls length of stroke is designated accelerate its upward movement, while OJ Under, thus obtaining the benefit of
by an arrow, and is shown in its mini- the table is falling. As a result, the two expansions. Of course, it is not
mum position, when the latch lever on momentum of the falling table and load possible to use the air expansively in
the operating stand is in the lowest is substantially ecpaal to the momentum the jarring cylinder when the load car-
notch. See Fig. 3. of the rising anvil at the instant of ried on the table approaches the maxi-
Fig. 5 shows the stop which controls impact. These momentums neutralize mum capacity of the machine, but when
the variable stroke in its maximum each other, and the table is brought to the machine is used on lighter loads,
position. This machine consists of a rest without shock or jar upon any full air pressure can be admitted for a

tf. Air '"pflt.f ralvr

*e. O/M-ratiay lerrr
3. I.eterfore/nttigiiif I,,,.,!/, ofati „*,-
4. Le>irr /or attjuatiag eu/t^if
• >. Coaaeetion/ae air sii/yj/y
6. I tli.ui.'t
3".ffighprrMiire air inlet fa Jarring ryliaetrr oaa outlet
5. I.otefireMure air inlet to aaitl cy/ittJer amtoot/et
9. Blow ea/reemmieetion.

Fig. -Jarring Machine Installed in Pit With Linkage to Operate Levers. Fig. 3. —Se arring Table. Anvil Cylinder and Connections.

jarring table made in one piece with surrounding objects, as completely as short distance and then cut
, off abso-
the cylinder and mounted upon a cylin- if it had dropped upon an anvil of in- lutely and expanded in the cylinder.
drical anvil,which in turn is guided by finite weight. In order to do this the When the table reaches its maximum
a cylindrical base and rests upon sup- springs beneath the anvil have a very travel, the operating valve is automa-
porting springs calculated to give the long compression, so that their loss in tically shifted to exhaust, and the air
anvil a substantial upward velocity supporting power, as the anvil rises, from it may pass directly into the at-
while the table is falling. will not materially affect its velocity. mosphere, or into the anvil cylinder, if
Foundation Shock Eliminated. Ordinarily, the springs are sufficient the machine is large enough to make a.

to give the desired momentum to the second expansion worth while.

The evil effects of foundation shocks
in jarring machines have been recogniz- anvil, but in large machines, where the The cut-off is operated directly
ed and deplored, and various attempts consumption of air is an important through the bell-crank lever acting as
have been made to reduce the amount item, it is advantageous to utilize the an adjustable stop upon an arm at-
of shock transmitted to the founda- air discharged from the jarring cylin- tached to the valve stem. The valve is
tion, but hitherto nothing has been done der in augmenting the momentum of reversed through the action of a pilot
to effect its complete extinction, which the anvil. This is done by making an valve actuated by a similar bell-crank
is now accomplished by this machine. additional port in the operating valve, lever. There are, therefore, two adjust-

It will be seen from the drawing that which connects the jarring cylinder and able stops on the table of the machine,

the positions of which are controlled r.y ramming such as is frequently required paratively small percentage of the total
latch levers on an operating stand. in steel foundries, can only be effected load carried.
The cut-off can be adjusted to suit the by a considerable length of stroke. A Ordinarily the shock of impact in the
load carried on the table, and the oper- variation in the length of stroke from common type of jarring machines,
ating valve can be reversed by the pilot 1 inch to 4 inches is, therefore, pro- which est upon a solid foundation,

valve when the maximum uplift desired vided, depending upon the conditions with or without the interposition of
has been reached. It is possible, of to be met, and if any case should re- cushioning material, followed by an is
course, to substitute compressed air quire more than 4 inches drop, it could enormous increase the foundation in
for the supporting springs under the easily be provided for in the valve con- load. In one type of machine, the table
anvil in the simpler type of machine, trolling mechanism. drops upon an anvil of comparatively
where no attempt is made to use air Attention is called to the simplicity little weight, resting upon a wooden
expansively from the jarring cylinder of the construction, the enormous crib, which rests in turn upon a con-
to the anvil cylinder. b1 rength and stiffness of the cast steel crete block. The momentum of the
The use of compressed air to sup- table, ribbed around a central cylinder anvil and table is arrested in a very
port the anvil necessitates some provi- and acting as a beam of great depth to short distance by the compression of
sion for keeping pressure adjusted to distribute the central force of impact the wooden cribbing, and the founda-
the total load carried, without causing applied to it equally in all directions. tion load is immediately multiplied
undue variation in the height of the The anvil is solid, and the blow de- many times, perhaps a hundred time*
jarring table, as it is more or less livered in this way by impact between the weight of the loaded table.
loaded, and as air may leak in or out. two masses having approximately the
The use of long compression springs same momentums, is far more efficient
than can be obtained from a table
dropping freely upon a stationary anvil.
Parts exposed to wear are protected
by sand guards and provision is made
for the renewal of such bearings as may
in time become more or less worn.
The accumulation of sand in the pit
cannot affect the operation of the ma-
chine until it has attained great depth.
At the same time, very little sand can
find its way into the pit during the
normal operation of the machine, and
it will not be necessary to dig out the
accumulation of sand very often.
The small machine of this type,
weighing about three tons, which has
been built and tested, demonstrates
that no shock whatever on the founda-
tion is at all perceptible. This machine
was mounted upon two 8-inch channel
beams in a pit about ten feet wide, the
beams icsting upon the sides of the
pit and the machine resting in the niii'-
die of the beams. A man standing or Fig. 5.— Stop of Variable Stroke in Maximum
these floor beams, while the machine Position.
Kig. 4.— Stroke Control and Automatic Cut-oil. was running, could not detect any vi
brat ion whatever, and although there The Tabor Shockless Jarring ma-
somewhat simplifies the construction, was necessarily a slight change of load ehine is manufactured by the Tabor
and has the further advantage of mak- as the table rose and fell, the effect on Mfg. Co., Philadelphia.
ing it possible to utilize the complete the floor beams was no greater than it
expansion of the air. would be for an ordinary power squeez-
The effect of impact between the table er operating in the usual way. CONTINUOUS MELTING.*
and anvil in jar ramming is measured Ordinarily supporting springs under
By Ceo. K. Hooper, M.K.. New York
by the change in velocity of the table, about 8 inch compression are used to
and the square of this change in veloc- carry the full load and with 4 inch 1 am very glad to be able to discuss
ity is proportional to the work done stroke on the table the anvil movement the subject of Continuous Melting, as it-

upon the sand for any assumed condi- would probably not exceed 2 inches, is which I am deeply interested
one in
tion of the sand. Of course, the maxi- and ordinarily it would be very much and one with which in my experience of
mum work is done in the first few less. The maximum variation in floor the Inst ten years in designing and
blows when the sand is loose, and as load would, therefore, not exceed 25 per building foundries, I have been intimate-
the operation is continued, the sand be- cent, of the total load resting on the My first piece of work, in
ly connected.
comes more and more firmly compacted supporting springs, and this variation as an engineer was the develop-
together, until finally it acts as one is so gradual that it does not partake
ment of a very complete continuous
solid mass, and no further work can be of the nature of a shock at all. At
foundry system, and I have since de-
done upon it until the severity of the the moment of impact the supporting
signed several others and been eonnect-
blow has been increased. A short springs simply cease to expand and
stroke indefinitely repeated will com- therefore, cease to reduce the load on * A discussion on Mr. Sleeth's paper presented
pact sand up to a certain lensitv, a the foundation. Following this they at Cincinnati Poundrymen'a Convention and re-
long stroke will compact it to a greater again compress and gradually increase nroduced in the January issue of Canadian Ma'
degree of density, and very hard the load on the foundation by a com- chinery.

56 . ,
ed with other foundries containing sys- mold undoubtedly within another three retempering sand, and more lab