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MAT1581/101/3/2018

Tutorial Letter 101/3/2018

Mathematics 1 (Engineering)
MAT1581

Semesters 1 and 2

Department of Mathematical Sciences


This tutorial letter contains important information about your module.
The information in this letter was correct on 15 July 2017. Any updates and
follow-up tutorial letters will be posted on myUNISA under additional resources.

Have you claimed your UNISA login and mylife e-mail?


If not go to http://my.unisa.ac.za

BARCODE

Open Rubric
CONTENTS

Page

1  INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................ 4 
1.1  Study material ................................................................................................................................. 4 
2  PURPOSE AND OUTCOMES ........................................................................................................ 4 
2.1  Purpose .......................................................................................................................................... 4 
2.2  Outcomes ....................................................................................................................................... 4 
3  LECTURER(S) AND CONTACT DETAILS .................................................................................... 5 
3.1  Lecturer(s) ...................................................................................................................................... 5 
3.2  Department ..................................................................................................................................... 5 
3.3  University ........................................................................................................................................ 5 
4  RESOURCES ................................................................................................................................. 6 
4.1  Prescribed books ............................................................................................................................ 6 
4.2  Recommended books ..................................................................................................................... 6 
4.3  Electronic reserves (e-reserves) ..................................................................................................... 6 
4.4  Library services and resources information .................................................................................... 6 
5  STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES ................................................................................................. 7 
5.1  Tutor Support .................................................................................................................................. 7 
5.2  Discussion classes ......................................................................................................................... 7 
5.3  Science Foundation Project or the Extended Pathway ................................................................... 7 
5.4  Other services @ Regional offices ................................................................................................. 7 
6  STUDY PLAN ................................................................................................................................. 8 
7  PRACTICAL WORK AND WORK-INTEGRATED LEARNING ..................................................... 9 
8  ASSESSMENT ............................................................................................................................... 9 
8.1  Assessment criteria ........................................................................................................................ 9 
8.2  Assessment plan .......................................................................................................................... 11 
8.3  Assignment numbers .................................................................................................................... 11 
8.3.1  General assignment numbers ....................................................................................................... 11 
8.3.2  Unique assignment numbers ........................................................................................................ 11 
8.4  Assignment due dates .................................................................................................................. 11 
8.5  Submission of assignments .......................................................................................................... 12 
8.5.1  Written assignments ..................................................................................................................... 12 
8.6  The assignments .......................................................................................................................... 13 
8.6.1  Assignment 01 Semester 1 .......................................................................................................... 13 
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MAT1581/101/3/2018

8.6.2  Assignment 02 Semester 1 .......................................................................................................... 14 


8.6.3  Assignment 01 Semester 2 .......................................................................................................... 16 
8.6.4  Assignment 02 Semester 2 .......................................................................................................... 17 
8.7  Other assessment methods .......................................................................................................... 18 
8.8   The examination ........................................................................................................................... 19 
9  FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS .......................................................................................... 19 
10  SOURCES CONSULTED ............................................................................................................. 19 
11  IN CLOSING ................................................................................................................................. 19 
ADDENDUM ............................................................................................................................................. 20 
12.1  Formula Sheets ............................................................................................................................ 20 

3
Dear Student

1 INTRODUCTION
Welcome as a student to Mathematics I, MAT1581.
Check your registration papers now to confirm for which semester you are registered.
Call the lecturer if in doubt or check on myUNISA.

If you are registered for semester 1 you will write your final examination in May/June 2018 and
qualify for this by doing assignments for semester 1.

If you are registered for semester 2 you will write your final examination in October/November
2018 and qualify for this by doing assignments for semester 2.

1.1 Study material


The content of this module is covered in three study guides. The study guides of all the
modules you are registered for can be downloaded from myUNISA. Please forward possible
mistakes to the lecturer for errata to be posted on myUNISA.
You need to work on your mathematics regularly. See an example of a study plan further on in
this letter. The amount of time you study is not important, but how efficient you use that time is
very important.

2 PURPOSE AND OUTCOMES


2.1 Purpose
This module will be useful to students in developing basic skills which can be applied in the
natural sciences and engineering sciences. Students credited with this module will have
understanding of basic ideas of algebra and calculus in handling problems related to: Cramer’s
rule to solve systems of linear equations, complex number system, binomial theorem, basic
differentiation and integration. The focus is on building strong algebraic skills that will support
the development of analytical skills that are crucial in problem solving in more advanced
mathematics and related subjects.
This module will support students in their studies in the field of engineering and the physical
sciences as part of a diploma.

2.2 Outcomes

Formulate and apply the binomial theorem to expand  a  b ) 


n
1.

2. Solve a system of linear equations using Cramer’s rule


3. Compute calculations with the complex numbers
4. Graph straight line, parabola, hyperbola, central hyperbola,ellipse
5. Apply basic differentiation techniques
6. Apply basic integration techniques

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

3 LECTURER(S) AND CONTACT DETAILS


Please have your student number at hand before contacting any department at UNISA.
If you have access to a computer that is linked to the internet, you can quickly access resources
and information at the University. The myUnisa learning management system is Unisa's online
campus that will help you to communicate with your lecturers, with other students and with the
administrative departments of Unisa .
To go to the myUnisa website, start at the main Unisa website, http://www.unisa.ac.za, and then
click on the “Login to myUnisa” link on the right-hand side of the screen. This should take you to
the myUnisa website. You can also go there directly by typing in http://my.unisa.ac.za.
You can access myUnisa at your regional office learner centre (without any cost) if you do not
have internet at home.
3.1 Lecturer(s)
Your lecturer at the time of compiling this tutorial letter (July 2017) is Miss LE Greyling, Science
Campus, Florida, Roodepoort.

If you experience any problems with the mathematical content you are welcome to contact the
lecturer:
1) by e-mail ( Lgreylin@unisa.ac.za )
2) by sending a message using the Questions and Answers function on myUNISA.
3) by telephone (011-471-2350) If you do not have sufficient funds on your phone you may
ask the lecturer to return your call.
4) by fax ( 086 274 1520)
5) or personally. For a personal visit you must make an appointment by telephone or e-mail.
You must be prepared to come to the Florida Campus in Roodepoort for a personal visit.

You should spend time on a problem but do not brood over it, in most cases you only need a
hint from the lecturer or tutor to solve the problem or to move forward with your studies. You can
save valuable time if you contact your lecturer when needed. If you disagree with a solution in
the study guide make contact so that we can work together to correct mistakes.

You must mention your student number and the code MAT1581 in all enquiries about this
module. Any question without your student number and code MAT1581 will be ignored.

3.2 Department
The department of Mathematical Sciences is situated on the UNISA Science Campus in Florida.
The secretary of the department is available on 011-670-9147.

3.3 University
Read the brochure on Study@Unisa2018. Check this brochure on where to direct
administrative enquiries. Your student number should be in the subject line of any e-mail to a
service department at Unisa.

5
Tip: Do not write any administrative requests like the change of contact details or examination
venue in your assignment. The markers cannot help you. Likewise any messages for the
lecturer must be directed to the lecturer by e-mail or telephone.

4 RESOURCES
4.1 Prescribed books
There are no prescribed books for this module. You need not buy any additional books, the
study guides are sufficient.
4.2 Recommended books
You may consult the following book in order to broaden your knowledge of MAT1581 and next
year of MAT2691: Engineering Mathematics, K. A. Stroud (with Dexter Booth) 5th ed. Palgrave
ISBN: 0-333-91939-4. The sixth and seventh edition of this book is also suitable. Please consult
your local library, you might find other interesting books on the topics covered in the lectures.
(Dewey system 510-515.)

A limited number of copies are available in the Library and at learning centers.

MAT1581 2018

Recommended Books

Books supplied subject to availability

Engineering mathematics / K.A. Stroud, Dexter J. Booth.


7th ed.
Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, c2013.
OR
Engineering mathematics / K.A. Stroud, with additions by Dexter J. Booth.
6th ed.
New York : Industrial Press, c2007.

4.3 Electronic reserves (e-reserves)


There are no e-reserves for this module.
4.4 Library services and resources information
For brief information, go to www.unisa.ac.za/brochures/studies

For detailed information, go to the Unisa website at http://www.unisa.ac.za/ and click on


Library.

For research support and services of personal librarians, go to


http://www.unisa.ac.za/Default.asp?Cmd=ViewContent&ContentID=7102.

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

The library has compiled a number of library guides:

 finding recommended reading in the print collection and e-reserves –


http://libguides.unisa.ac.za/request/undergrad
 requesting material – http://libguides.unisa.ac.za/request/request
 postgraduate information services – http://libguides.unisa.ac.za/request/postgrad
 finding, obtaining and using library resources and tools to assist in doing research –
http://libguides.unisa.ac.za/Research_Skills
 how to contact the library/finding us on social media/frequently asked questions –
http://libguides.unisa.ac.za/ask

5 STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES


5.1 Tutor Support
After registration has closed tutorial services will send a sms informing you about your group,
the name of your e-tutor and instructions on how to log onto MyUnisa in order to receive further
information on the e-tutoring process.
Online tutorials are conducted by qualified E-Tutors who are appointed by Unisa and are offered
free of charge. All you need to be able to participate in e-tutoring is a computer with internet
connection. If you live close to a Unisa regional Centre or a Telecentre contracted with Unisa,
please feel free to visit any of these to access the internet. E-tutoring takes place on MyUnisa
where you are expected to connect with other students in your allocated group. It is the role of
the e-tutor to guide you through your study material during this interaction process. For your to
get the most out of online tutoring, you need to participate in the online discussions that the e-
tutor will be facilitating.
There are modules which students have been found to repeatedly fail, these modules are
allocated face-to-face tutors and tutorials for these modules take place at the Unisa regional
centres. These tutorials are also offered free of charge, however, it is important for you to
register at your nearest Unisa Regional Centre to secure attendance of these classes.
Note: E-tutors and classes at regional offices are organized by student support services.
The lecturer is not responsible for organizing any tutorial activities.

5.2 Discussion classes


There are no discussion classes by the lecturer for this subject.
5.3 Science Foundation Project or the Extended Pathway
This project is financed by the Department of Education. Students identified as “AT-RISK” to
fail will be registered on an extended program in which the same study material will be covered.
You cannot register yourself on this program.

5.4 Other services @ Regional offices


For information on the various student support systems and services available at Unisa (e.g.
student counselling, language support, academic writing), please consult the publication
Study@Unisa2018 that you received with your study material.

7
6 STUDY PLAN
To successfully prepare for submitting your assignments you have to work according to a time
table. Use the following table or draw up your own table to schedule your studies for this
subject.

Be realistic. You need to add additional factors like work, family commitments and rest. If you
do not schedule your “play time” you will feel guilty and stressed instead of relaxing and building
up energy for your studies.

Your study material is compiled in such a way that you should be able to complete a unit per
day. The post-test should take you another day or a bit longer if you need to revise some of the
work.

Warning: Do not study selectively. To explain, do not take the assignment and try to find
similar questions in the study guides and only work through those questions.

Chapter Learning CONTENT to study Week Comments


unit
1 1 Binomial Theorem 1 Revise exponents
Binomial Post-test
Theorem
2 1 Properties
Determinants 2 Value of n x n determinant 2
3 Cramer's Rule
Post-test
3 1 Introduction 3
Partial 2 Proper Fractions
Fractions 3 Improper Fractions
Post-test
4 1 Imaginary and Complex 4 Revise Grade 11 and
Complex Numbers Grade 12 Trigonometry
Numbers 2 Operations with Complex
numbers
3 Polar and exponential form
4 Operations in polar and 5
exponential form
Post-test
5 1 Co-ordinate Systems 6 Together these topics
Co-ordinate 2 The Straight Line cover the conic sections.
Geometry 3 The Parabola Some of the content is
4 The Rectangular Hyperbola revision and some content
5 The Circle will be new. There are no
6 The Ellipse questions on this section

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

Chapter Learning CONTENT to study Week Comments


unit
7 The Central Hyperbola in assignment 1. You will
Post-test be examined on this
section.
6 1 Functional Notation 7
Differentiation 2 Limits
3 The Derivative
4 Standard Forms
5 Rules of Differentiation I
6 Rules of Differentiation II
7 Higher Order Derivatives 8
8 Applications I
9 Applications II: Maxima and
Minima
Post-test
7 1 Reverse of Differentiation I 9
Integration 2 Reverse of Differentiation II
3 Method of substitution
4 Standard Integrals
5 Partial Fractions 10
6 Trigonometric Functions
7 The Definite Integral
8 Areas
Post-test 10

7 PRACTICAL WORK AND WORK-INTEGRATED LEARNING


There are no practical work for this module

8 ASSESSMENT
8.1 Assessment criteria

Specific outcome 1: Formulate and apply the binomial theorem to expand  a  b ) 


n

 The expansion for n a positive integer is written down


 The expansion for n a negative integer is written down
 The expansion for n a rational number is written down
 The rth term of an expansion is written down

Specific outcome 2: Solve a system of linear equations using Cramer’s rule


9
 The value of a 2x2 and 3x3 determinant is found
 The properties of determinants are used to evaluate a determinant
 Cramer’s rule is written down in terms of determinants
 Cramer’s rule is used to solve a system of linear equations

Specific outcome 3: Calculations with the complex numbers

 A number is expressed as a complex number


 The complex conjugate of a complex number is found
 A complex number is represented on an Argand diagram
 Any quadratic equation is solved
 Complex numbers are added, subtracted, multiplied and divided
 Equations that include complex numbers are solved
 Complex numbers are rewritten in rectangular, exponential and polar form
 A complex number is raised to a power
 De Moivre’s Theorem is used to raise a complex number to a power and to
find the nth roots of a complex number.

Specific outcome 4: Graphs of conic sections.

 Conversion between Cartesian and polar coordinates


 The graph of the straight line, the parabola, the rectangular hyperbola, the
circle, the ellipseand the central hyperbola

Specific outcome 5: Apply basic differentiation techniques

 A limit is explained and its value found


 The rate of change of a function is related to the gradient of the tangent at a
point
 Simple expressions are differentiated from first principles
 The following rules of differentiation are used to differentiate composite
functions: rule for sums and differences, product and quotient , chain rule
 Higher order derivatives are found
 Differentiation is applied to determine Limits of the form 00 with l’Hospital’s
rule
 Differentiation is applied to determine the gradient to a curve and find the
equations of the tangent and normal to a curve
 Differentiation is used to find the local maxima and minima of a function and
sketch the function.
 A real life problem is modelled and questions answered related to maximum
and minimum values using differentiation

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

Specific outcome 6: Apply basic integration techniques

 Indefinite integrals are solved using a standard list of integrals


 The techniques of simplifying the integrand, using substitution, using partial
fractions and using trigonometric identities are applied.
 Definite integrals are solved
 Integration is applied to find the area under a function
 Practical problems are solved

8.2 Assessment plan


Your performance in your assignments plays a vital part in your final mark. Submission of
an assignment gives you admission to the examination. Your assignment marks for assignment
1 and 2 will be used to calculate your year mark. Your year mark will form part of your final
mark for the module.

Assignment % of Year mark Description and Instructions

01 50 Written assignment on study guide 1

02 50 Written assignment on Study guide 2

Your final mark will be calculated as follows: 20%  Year mark + 80%  Examination mark

You need a final mark of 50% in order to pass the subject with a subminimum of 40% on your
examination mark. A subminimum of 40% means that if you receive less than 40% in the
exam you fail and in this case your year mark does not count.

Each module in your study guides contains a post-test with solutions to help you prepare for the
compulsory assignments and the final examination.

8.3 Assignment numbers


8.3.1 General assignment numbers
You must submit assignment 01 and 02 for the semester you are registered. Assignment
questions per semester are given in 8.6 below.
8.3.2 Unique assignment numbers
All assignments have their own unique number per assignment and per semester given in the
table below
8.4 Assignment due dates

Semester1 Unique nr. Semester 2 Unique nr.


Assignment 01 Written 26 February 840218 14 August 698643
Assignment 02 Written 4 April 734238 11 September 821200

11
8.5 Submission of assignments
Plan your programme so that study problems can be sorted out in time. The dates on myUNISA
may differ from dates in your tutorial letter and messages from the university. You may confirm
dates with the lecturer if a message seems suspect.
8.5.1 Written assignments
The rules for assignments are:
- Please keep a copy of your answers.
- Submit answers in numerical order.
- Keep to the due dates.
- Write clearly with a black pen.
- Marks may be deducted or not given if answers are scratched out or difficult to read.

Write your answers down in the correct order and make sure that every answer is numbered
clearly. Make sure that your answers are clear and unambiguous.

Do not string a series of numbers together without any indication of what you are calculating.
Be careful with the use of the equal sign (=). The correct units must be shown in you answer.

Note that we are not only interested in whether you can get the correct answer, but also in
whether you can formulate your thoughts correctly. Mere calculations are not good enough
– you have to make sure that what you have written down consists of mathematically correct
notation, which makes sense to the marker.

Students must send in their own work. Of course, it is a good thing to discuss problems with
fellow students. However, where copying has clearly taken place disciplinary action will be
taken.

An information sheet containing the formulas is enclosed at the end of this letter for your
convenience. Keep this sheet at hand when completing your assignments. The same sheet
will be supplied during the examination. Consult this sheet regularly, it may mean the difference
between success and failure in this module. Make sure you know how to use the table of
integrals in reverse to find derivatives. You need not memorize all formulas and can check
memorized formulas.

You may submit written assignments either by post or electronically via myUnisa. Choose one
way to submit, do not use both. Double submissions waste not only my time but also cause
extra work for the assignment department. If the marker cannot access an electronic submission
we will send you an e-mail. Assignments may not be submitted by fax, e-mail or registered
post.

Assignments by post:

Ensure that you complete the assignment cover. If the subject or assignment number is
incorrect your assignment cannot be noted as received. Each assignment must have a separate
cover with the unique number. Submit one assignment per envelope. All regional offices have
Unisa post boxes. Only use the SA postal services if you cannot get to a regional office or one
of the drop-off boxes listed in Study@Unisa2018.

Assignments should be addressed to: The Registrar, PO Box 392, UNISA, 0003

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

Your marked assignment will be posted back to you.

To submit via myUnisa:

You can scan your handwritten assignment answers to be submitted electronically. Don’t scan
the assignment cover as the system will create a cover for you when you upload the
assignment. You assignment will be marked electronically. Please make sure that it is easy to
read. Your assignment must be combined in one pdf document. Only one document can be
uploaded per assignment. Login with your student number and password. Select the module.
Click on assignments. Click on the assignment number you want to submit. Follow the
instructions on the screen.

Your marked assignment will be available on myUNISA for viewing.

8.6 The assignments


8.6.1 Assignment 01 Semester 1

ONLY FOR SEMESTER 1 STUDENTS


Assignment 01
Due Date: 26 February
Unique number: 840218

This assignment is a written assignment based on study Guide 1.


Submission of this assignment by the due date will give you admission to the examination
This assignment contributes 50% to your year mark.
Source: Paper May 2011, October 2011 and October 2016

 
15
2
1. Find the first three terms in the binomial expansion of x  1 . (3)

 
4
Expand x  3 x
2
2. using the binomial theorem. Simplify each term. (3)

3. An alloy is composed of three metals X,Y and Z. The percentage of each metal
is given by the following set of equations:
X  Y  Z  100
X  2Y  0
4 X  Z  0
Use Cramer’s rule to determine the percentage of metal X in the alloy.
Use the percentage for X and the method of substitution to find the percentage
of Y present in the alloy. (6)

4. Forces on a beam produce the equilibrium equations:


R1  500  10  500   R2  0
10 R1  4  500    5 10  500   100  10 R2  0

Use Cramèr's rule to calculate the forces R1 and R1 (in newton). (5)
13
5. Resolve into partial fractions:

3x 2  4 x  4
5.1 (5)
x3  4 x
3x 2  15 x  15
5.2 (7)
 x  3 3
6. Given V  35  70 j and I  7  5 j . Rewrite V and I in polar form and

V
then find Z  . Leave your answer in polar form. (6)
I
2
7. Solve for x if x  1  0 . Give the answers in the form a  bj . (2)

8. Represent the complex number 2 2  i graphically and find the polar form of the

number. (3)

3
9. Two AC voltages are given by the expressions  j  y  1 and  7  x   3 j.
2
If the voltages are equal what are the values of x and y? (6)

x2 y 2
10. Identify and sketch the following curve: 16  25  1 (4)

TOTAL: 50
8.6.2 Assignment 02 Semester 1

ONLY FOR SEMESTER 1 STUDENTS


Assignment 02
Due Date: 4 April
Unique number: 734238

This assignment is a written assignment based on Study Guide 2.


This assignment contributes 50% to your year mark.
Source: Paper May 2011, October 2011 and October 2016

1. Determine

x2  4 x  4
1.1 lim (3)
x  2 x2  4
x 2  3x  2
1.2 lim (3)
x 2 x 2  x  3

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

x
1.3 lim (1)
x0 cos x

2. Differentiate the following with regard to x :


2.1 y  4 sec x (3)

2.2  
y  n 3 x 2e tan x by first using logarithm rules to simplify y . (4)

2.3 y  4 x5 .cos(3 x 2 ) (3)

x 1
2.4 y Simplify your answer. (3)
x2
3 2
3. The current through an inductance is given by i  4t  2t  17.
3.1 Find the times, t  0 when the current is a relative maximum
or minimum. (4)
3.2 Find the current at these times. (2)
3 2
4. The displacement of a car is given by the formula s  2t  2t  16t  1 where
s is in metres and t is in seconds.
4.1 Find the formula for the velocity of the car at any time t. (2)

4.2 Find the acceleration of the car when t  5 seconds. (4)

5. Determine the following integrals:

 x x
 
3
5.1  e e  1 dx (2)

 2  4x
5.2  dx (3)
 2
 x  x 1

 x2  2x
5.3  dx (5)

  x  2 2
 5 5x 
5.4 
   e  dx (2)
 x 

6. Determine the area enclosed between the curve y  4 x 2  3 x  1 and the

x  axis between x  0 and x  2 . (6)

TOTAL: 50

15
8.6.3 Assignment 01 Semester 2

ONLY FOR SEMESTER 2 STUDENTS


Assignment 01
Due Date: 14 August
Unique number:698643

This assignment is a written assignment based on Study guide 1.


Submission of this assignment by the due date will give you admission to the examination
This assignment contributes 50% to your year mark.
Source: Paper May 2011, October 2011 and May 2017

1
 x 3
1. Find the first four terms in the binomial expansion of 1   .
 3 
Simplify each term. (5)

2. Expand 1  x 2 to three terms using the binomial theorem. (3)

3. The relationship between the displacement, s, velocity, v, and acceleration,

a, of a piston is given by the equations:


s  2v  2 a  4
3s  v  4a  25
3s  2v  a  4
1 2 2
Find the displacement s using Cramèr's rule, given that 3 1 4  41. (4)
3 2 1
4. Use Cramer’s rule to solve for x and y in the following system of equations and

then find z by substitution:

3x  y  2 z  1
2x  3 y  z  2 (9)
x  2 y  2 z  10

x4
x  
5. Resolve into partial fractions 2
(8)
 1 x2  1

6. Name the following curves and draw a sketch of each:

6.1 16 x 2  9 y 2  144 (4)

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MAT1581/101/3/2018

6.2 49 y 2  196  4 x 2  0 (4)

Show the vertices and foci clearly on your sketch.

7. Write the complex number 8 225 in exponential form. (2)


2  j
2

8. Solve for x and y if x  yj  (6)


3 j
9. Solve the equation x 2  4 x  20  0 and plot your solutions on an Argand diagram.

Express these solutions in polar form. (5)

TOTAL: 50
8.6.4 Assignment 02 Semester 2

ONLY FOR SEMESTER 2 STUDENTS


Assignment 02
Due Date: 11 September
Unique number:821200

This assignment is a written assignment based on Study Guide 2.


Submission of this assignment by the due date will give you admission to the examination
This assignment contributes 50% to your year mark.
Source: Paper May 2011, October 2011 and May 2017

1. Determine

1.1
x3

lim n  3x   33 x  (2)

 x  5
2

1.2 lim (3)


x 5 x2  5

2. Differentiate the following with regard to x :

tan x  2
2.1 y (3)
tan x  2
2.2 
y  x 2  a 2 e2 x  (2)

 
3
2
2.3 y  sec x  cosec x 4
(3)

2.4 
y  n 23 x x  (4)

17
l
3. The period T of a simple pendulum of length l is given by T  2 , where g
g

dT
is a constant called the acceleration due to gravity. Find (3)
dl

Determine the relative maximum and/or minimum points for y  1  x  4  x


2
4. (7)

5. Determine the following integrals:

5.1   3x  1 x  2  dx (2)

 x
5.2  dx (2)

 1  2x 2

 sin 2 x
5.3  dx (2)

 1  sin 2 x


2
5.4 sin 2 x cos x dx (4)
0



 1 
5.5   n 4   dx (3)



 n  e 2 x  

Determine the area bound by the straight line y  x and the parabola y  x .
2
6. (5)

7. Suppose that liquid flows into a tank at a variable rate of q(t) litre per second.
It can be shown that the area under the graph of q against t represents the
volume of liquid in the tank. Consider a chemical storage tank with liquid entering

t t2
at a rate of q (t )  6   .
10 100
If at time t = 0 the tank is empty, calculate the volume of liquid in the tank at
time t = 20 seconds (5)
TOTAL: 50

8.7 Other assessment methods


There are no other assessment methods for this module.

18
MAT1581/101/3/2018

8.8 The examination


Particulars about the examination will be sent to you by the examinations division during the
semester. To write the examination you must have one assignment registered on the student
system before 30 March for semester 1 students and before 8 September for semester 2
students. Note that lecturers cannot give admission to the examination if you failed to obtain
access to the examination nor can we change the examination date or your chosen venue.

Please check your permission to write the examination on 16 April for semester 1 and 17
September for semester 2 on myUNISA. Also check your examination date and center.

Copies of previous examination papers are not available on request from the lecturer.
The most recent paper is available on MyUnisa under official study material without
memorandum.

9 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS


Question: Can I get an extension on the due date for my assignment 01?
Answer: No, this assignment gives you admission to the examination and for administrative
purposes no extension can be given.
Question: May I use a calculator in the examination?
Answer: Yes, it must be non-programmable.
Question: Can I request more past papers from the lecturers?
Answer: No, past papers are on MyUnisa under official Study material.
Question: Where do I get memorandums for past papers?
Answer: No memorandums are supplied, but the lecturer may decide to post some solutions
or answers only under additional resources on myUNISA.
Question: Why don’t I receive any follow-up Tutorial letters from UNISA?
Answer: All follow-up letters are only posted on myUnisa, so no post is sent to students.
Question: What does the letters FC after my module code mean?
Answer: FC stands for Financial Cancellation. You may continue your studies and even write
the examination but no results will be released before your student account has been
paid in full.

10 SOURCES CONSULTED
Study Guides and past papers for MAT1581

11 IN CLOSING
The semester system affords you more flexibility in planning your studies. The guideline is that
you must be able to spend 72 minutes per day (including weekends) per module. Planning is
the key to success.
May you achieve your dreams!

19
ADDENDUM
12.1 Formula Sheets

ALGEBRA
Factors
Laws of indices

a 3  b 3  a  b  a 2  ab  b 2 
 a  b a 
mn
1. a a a
m n
a b3 3 2
 ab  b 2

am
2.  a mn Partial Fractions
an
3. a m n
 
 a mn  a n
m
f x  A B C
  
4. a
m
n
 n am
 x  a  x  b  x  c   x  a   x  b   x  c 
1 1
5. a n  n and an  f x  A B C D
a a n    
6. a0 1 x  a  x  b 
3
x  a  x  a  x  a  x  b
2 3

7. ab  a b
n f x  Ax  B C
a an  
8.    n
b b  2
 2

ax  bx  c  x  d  ax  bx  c  x  d  
Logarithms Quadratic Formula

If ax 2  bx  c  0
Definitions:
If y  a x then x  log a y  b  b 2  4ac
then x
If y  e x then x  n y 2a
Laws:
1. log A  B   log A  log B
 A
2. log   log A  log B
B
3. log An  n log A
log b A
4. log a A
log b a
5. a loga f  f  e n f  f

DETERMINANTS

a11 a12 a13


a a 23 a a 23 a a 22
a 21 a 22 a 23  a11 22  a12 21  a13 21
a 32 a 33 a 31 a 33 a 31 a 32
a 31 a 32 a 33
 a11 a 22 a 33  a 32 a 23   a12 a 21 a 33  a 31 a 23   a13 a 21 a 32  a 31 a 22 

20
MAT1581/101/3/2018

SERIES
Binomial Theorem

nn  1 n  2 2 nn  1n  2  n 3 3


a  b n  a n  na n 1b  a b  a b  ....
2! 3!
and b  a
nn  1 2 nn  1n  2  3
1  x n  1  nx  x  x  ...
2! 3!
and  1  x  1

Maclaurin’s Theorem

f 0 f 0 2 f 0 3 f n 1 0 n 1


f  x   f 0  x x  x  x 
1! 2! 3! n  1!
Taylor’s Theorem

f a 
 x  a   f a   x  a 2  f a   x  a 3    f a   x  a n1  
  n 1
f  x   f a  
1! 2! 3! n  1!
h2 h n 1 n1
f a  h   f a   f a   f a     f a   
h
1! 2! n  1!

COMPLEX NUMBERS

1. z  a  bj  r cos   j sin   r   re j , 7. De Moivre's Theorem


 r    r n n  r n  cos n  j sin n 
n

where j 2  1 1

Modulus : r z  a 2
b 2
 8. zn has n distinct roots:
1 1
  k 360
b z  rn
n
with k  0, 1, 2,  ,
Argument :   arg z  arc tan n
a
9. re j  r  cos   j sin  
2. Addition :
a  jb   c  jd   a  c   j b  d 
  
  re j  r cos  and  re j  r sin  
10. e  e  cos b  j sin b 
a  jb a

3. Subtraction :
11.  n re j   n r  j
a  jb   c 
jd   a  c   j b  d 
4. If m  jn  p  jq, then m  p and n  q
5. Multiplication : z1 z 2  r1 r2 1   2 
z1 r1
6. Division :  1   2 
z 2 r2

21
GEOMETRY MENSURATION
1. Circle: (  in radians)
1. Straight line:
y  mx  c Area   r 2
y  y1  m x  x1  Circumference  2 r
1 Arc length   r
Perpendiculars, then m1 
m2 1 2 1
r   r
Sector area 
2. Angle between two lines: 2 2
m  m2 1
tan   1 Segment area  r 2   sin  
1  m1 m2 2
3. Circle:
x2  y2  r 2 2. Ellipse:
Area  ab
 x  h 2   y  k 2  r 2 Circumference  a  b 
4. Parabola: 3. Cylinder:
y  ax 2  bx  c Volume  r 2 h
b
axis at x  Surface area  2rh  2r 2
2a 4. Pyramid:
5. Ellipse: 1
Volume  area base  height
x2 y2 3
 1
a2 b2 5. Cone:
1
6. Hyperbola: Volume  r 2 h
xy  k 3
Curved surface  r
x2 y2
  1 round x - axis  6. Sphere:
a2 b2
A  4r 2
x2 y2
 2  2  1 round y - axis  4
a b V  r 3
3
7. Trapezoidal rule:
 y  yn 
A  h 1  y 2  y 3    y n 1 
 2 
8. Simpsons rule:
A  F  L   4 E  2 R 
s
3
9. Prismoidal rule
V   A1  4 A2  A3 
h
6

22
MAT1581/101/3/2018

HYPERBOLIC FUNCTIONS TRIGONOMETRY


Definitions: Compound angle addition and subtraction
formulae:
e x  ex sin(A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B
sinh x 
2 sin(A - B) = sin A cos B - cos A sin B
e  ex
x
cos(A + B) = cos A cos B - sin A sin B
cosh x  cos(A - B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B
2
tan A  tan B
e  e x tan  A  B  
x
tanh x  x 1  tan A tan B
e  ex
tan A  tan B
tan  A  B  
Identities: 1  tan A tan B
cosh 2 x  sinh 2 x  1 Double angles:
1  tanh x  sech x
2 2
sin 2A = 2 sin A cos A
cos 2A = cos2A – sin2A
coth 2 x  1  cosech 2 x
= 2cos2A – 1
1 = 1 – 2sin2A
sinh 2 x  cosh 2 x  1 2
2 sin A = ½(1 – cos 2A)
1 cos2 A = ½(1 + cos 2A)
cosh 2 x  cosh 2 x  1 2 tan A
2 tan 2 A 
sinh 2 x  2 sinh x cosh x 1  tan 2 A
cosh 2 x  cosh 2 x  sinh 2 x Products of sines and cosines into sums or
 2 cosh 2 x  1 differences:
sin A cos B = ½(sin (A + B) + sin (A – B))
 1  2 sinh 2 x
cos A sin B = ½(sin (A + B) – sin (A – B))
cos A cos B = ½(cos (A + B) + cos (A – B))
sin A sin B = –½(cos (A + B) – cos (A – B))
TRIGONOMETRY
Sums or differences of sines and cosines into
Identities products:
sin 2   cos 2   1 x  y  x y 
sin x  sin y  2 sin   cos 
1 + tan 2  = sec 2   2   2 
cot 2  + 1 = cosec 2   x  y   x y 
sin x  sin y  2 cos sin  
sin(-) = - sin  2   2 
cos (-) =  cos x  y  x y 
cos x  cos y  2 cos  cos 
tan (-) = - tan  2   2 
sin  x  y   x y 
tan  cos x  cos y  2 sin   sin  
cos  2   2 

23
DIFFERENTIATION d f '( x)
10. sin 1 f ( x) 
1   f ( x)
dx 2
dy f  x  h  f  x
1.  lim
d  f '( x)
dx h 0 h 11. cos 1 f ( x) 
1   f ( x) 
d dx 2
2. k 0
dx d f '( x)
d n 12. tan 1 f ( x) 
1   f ( x)
2
3. ax  anx n 1 dx
dx
d 1  f '( x)
d 13. cot f ( x) 
4. f .g  f .g ' g. f ' dx 1   f ( x) 
2
dx
d f g. f ' f .g ' d
sec1 f ( x) 
f '( x)
5.  14.
g2 f  x   f ( x)   1
dx g dx 2

d
 f ( x)  n  f ( x) . f '( x)  f '( x)
n n 1 d
6. 15. cosec 1 f ( x) 
dx
f  x   f ( x)  1
dx 2
dy dy du dv
7.  . . d f '( x)
dx du dv dx 16. sinh 1 f ( x) 
dx
 f ( x)2  1
8. Parametric equations
d f '( x)
17. cosh 1 f ( x) 
dy
dy dx
 f ( x)2  1
 dt d f '( x)
tanh 1 f ( x) 
dx dx 18.
1   f ( x)
dx 2
dt
d  dy  d f '( x)
coth 1 f ( x) 
d y dt  dx 
2 19.
1   f ( x)
dx 2

dx 2 dx
d  f '( x)
dt 20. sech 1 f ( x) 
f  x  1   f ( x) 
dx 2

9. Maximum/minimum d  f '( x)
For turning points: f '(x) = 0 21. cosech 1 f ( x) 
f  x   f ( x)   1
dx 2
Let x = a be a solution for the above
If f '' (a) > 0, then a is a minimum point z z z
If f ''(a) < 0, then a is a maximum point 22. Increments: z  . x  . y  . w
x y w
For points of inflection: f " (x) = 0
23. Rate of change:
Let x = b be a solution for the above
dz  z dx  z dy  z dw
Test for inflection: f (b – h) and f(b + h)  .  .  .
dt  x dt  y dt  w dt
Change sign or f '"(b) ≠ 0 if f '"(b)
exists.

INTEGRATION
b
1. By parts :  udv  uv- vdu 2.  a
f(x)dx  F(b)  F(a)
1 b 1 b 2
b-a  a b-a  a
3. Mean value = y dx 4. (R.M.S.) 2  y dx

24
MAT1581/101/3/2018

TABLE OF INTEGRALS
a x(n 1 )
   c, n  1
n
1. ax dx
n 1

 f(x)
n 1

  f(x)
n
2. .f'(x) dx   c, n  1
n 1
f (x)
3.  f(x)
dx  n f(x)  c

4.  f (x).e f(x) dx  e f(x)  c

a f(x)
5.  f (x).a f(x) dx 
n a
c

6.  f (x).sin f(x) dx   cos f(x)  c

7.  f (x).cos f(x) dx  sin f(x)  c

8.  f (x). tan f(x) dx  n sec f(x)  c

9.  f (x). cot f(x) dx  n sin f(x)  c

10.  f (x).sec f(x) dx  n  sec f(x)  tan f(x)  c

11.  f (x).cosec f(x) dx  n  cosec f(x)  cot f(x)  c

12.  f (x).sec 2 f(x) dx  tan f(x)  c

13.  f (x).cosec 2 f(x) dx   cot f(x)  c

14.  f (x).sec f(x). tan f(x) dx  sec f(x)  c

15.  f (x).cosec f(x).cot f(x)dx  cosec f(x)  c

25