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# CINCO, JUSTINE CHRISTOPER P.

## HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER – HOMEWORK

1. A mechanical – draft cooling tower receives 115 m 3 per second of atmospheric air at 103
kPa, 32°C dry bulb temperature, 55% RH and discharges the air saturated at 36°C. If the
tower receives 200 of water at 40°C, what will be the exit temperature of the cooled
water?

H2O IN (3)
𝑘𝑔
mH2O = 200
𝑠
T3 = 40°C AIR OUT (2)

T2 = 36°C
AIR IN (1)

Pa = 103 kPa
Tdb = 32°C H2O OUT (4)
RH = 55%
V o = 115 m3/s T4 = ?

@ (1) T db = 32°C

## Pv ap= 4.804 kPa

Psat = Pv ap(RH) = 0.55(4.804 kPa) = 2.642kPa
hvap = 2559.9 kJ/kg
Ħ1 = ( ) = 0.0163 kg/kg
H1 = Cp Tdb + Ħ1 hvap = 1.0062 (32) + 0.0163(2559.9) = 73.92477 kJ/kg
VH = (2.83x10-3+4.56x10-3(0.0163))(305.15) = 0.8863 m 3/kg
m air in = = = 129.753 kg/s

@ (2) T 2 = 36°C

## Pv ap= Psat = 6.002 kPa

hvap = 2567.1 kJ/kg
Ħ2 = ( ) = 0.0384 kg/kg
H2 = Cp Tdb + Ħ2 hvap = 1.0062 (36) + 0.0384(2567.1) = 134.7998 kJ/kg
@3 T 3 = 40°C

H3 = 167.57 kJ/kg

OMB:

## m 3+ m air in+ Ħ1 m air in = m 4+ m air in+ Ħ2 m air in

m 4 = m 3 + (Ħ1 - Ħ2) m air in = 200 + (0.0163 kg/kg - 0.0384 kg/kg)( 129.753 kg/s)

m 4 = 197.132 kg/s

Energy Balance:

## m air in H1 + m 3H3 = m 4H4 + m air in H2

( 129.753 kg/s) (73.92477 kJ/kg) +200 (167.57 kJ/kg) = 197.132 kg/s (H4) + ( 129.753 kg/s)(

134.7998 kJ/kg)

H4 = 129.9397kJ/kg

By interpolation: T 4 = 31.99 °C
2. An auditorium is to be maintained at 25°C dry bulb temperature and 50% RH. The
supply air enters the auditorium at 17°C. The sensible heat and latent heat loads are 150
kW and 62 kW, respectively. Determine the wet bulb temperature, relative humidity, and
volume flow rate of the supply air.

Ħ2 = 0.01kg/kg
H2 = 50.3 kJ/kg

m = 18.63 kg/s

## USING PSYCHROMETRIC CHART:

@ 17°C and H1 = 39.0 kJ/kg

T wet bulb = 14 °C

RH = 71 %

Ħ1 = 0.0087 kg/kg
VH = 0.834 m 3/kg
Vo = m VH = 18.63 kg/s (0.834 m 3/kg) = 15.537 m3/s

Vo = 15.537 m3/s