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CINCO, JUSTINE CHRISTOPER P.

FEBRUARY 15, 2018

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER – HOMEWORK

1. A mechanical – draft cooling tower receives 115 m 3 per second of atmospheric air at 103
kPa, 32°C dry bulb temperature, 55% RH and discharges the air saturated at 36°C. If the
tower receives 200 of water at 40°C, what will be the exit temperature of the cooled
water?

H2O IN (3)
𝑘𝑔
mH2O = 200
𝑠
T3 = 40°C AIR OUT (2)

T2 = 36°C
AIR IN (1)

Pa = 103 kPa
Tdb = 32°C H2O OUT (4)
RH = 55%
V o = 115 m3/s T4 = ?

@ (1) T db = 32°C

Pv ap= 4.804 kPa


Psat = Pv ap(RH) = 0.55(4.804 kPa) = 2.642kPa
hvap = 2559.9 kJ/kg
Ħ1 = ( ) = 0.0163 kg/kg
H1 = Cp Tdb + Ħ1 hvap = 1.0062 (32) + 0.0163(2559.9) = 73.92477 kJ/kg
VH = (2.83x10-3+4.56x10-3(0.0163))(305.15) = 0.8863 m 3/kg
m air in = = = 129.753 kg/s

@ (2) T 2 = 36°C

Pv ap= Psat = 6.002 kPa


hvap = 2567.1 kJ/kg
Ħ2 = ( ) = 0.0384 kg/kg
H2 = Cp Tdb + Ħ2 hvap = 1.0062 (36) + 0.0384(2567.1) = 134.7998 kJ/kg
@3 T 3 = 40°C

H3 = 167.57 kJ/kg

OMB:

m 3+ m air in+ Ħ1 m air in = m 4+ m air in+ Ħ2 m air in

m 4 = m 3 + (Ħ1 - Ħ2) m air in = 200 + (0.0163 kg/kg - 0.0384 kg/kg)( 129.753 kg/s)

m 4 = 197.132 kg/s

Energy Balance:

m air in H1 + m 3H3 = m 4H4 + m air in H2

( 129.753 kg/s) (73.92477 kJ/kg) +200 (167.57 kJ/kg) = 197.132 kg/s (H4) + ( 129.753 kg/s)(

134.7998 kJ/kg)

H4 = 129.9397kJ/kg

By interpolation: T 4 = 31.99 °C
2. An auditorium is to be maintained at 25°C dry bulb temperature and 50% RH. The
supply air enters the auditorium at 17°C. The sensible heat and latent heat loads are 150
kW and 62 kW, respectively. Determine the wet bulb temperature, relative humidity, and
volume flow rate of the supply air.

USING PSYCHROMETRIC CHART:

@ 25°C AND 50% RH


Ħ2 = 0.01kg/kg
H2 = 50.3 kJ/kg

QS = mCP(Tdb2 – Tdb1) ; 150 = m(1.0062)(25-17)


m = 18.63 kg/s

H1 = H2 - = 50.3 - = 39.0 kJ/kg

USING PSYCHROMETRIC CHART:


@ 17°C and H1 = 39.0 kJ/kg

T wet bulb = 14 °C

RH = 71 %

Ħ1 = 0.0087 kg/kg
VH = 0.834 m 3/kg
Vo = m VH = 18.63 kg/s (0.834 m 3/kg) = 15.537 m3/s

Vo = 15.537 m3/s