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Research Article Volume 6 Issue No. 9

Design and Analysis of Two Wheeler Cooling Fins


G. Angel1 , N. Sambasiva Rao 2
M.Tech (14UC1D1505)1 , Assistant Professor2
Talla Pad mavathi College of Eng ineering, Warangal, Telangana, India

Abstract:
An air-cooled motorcycle engine releases heat to the atmosphere through the mode of forced convection to facilitate this, fins are
provided on the outer surface of the cylinder. The heat transfer rate depends upon the velocity of the vehicle, fin geometry and the
amb ient temperature. Insufficient removal o f heat fro m engine will lead to high thermal stresses and lower engine efficiency. The
cooling fins allow the wind to move the heat away from the engine. Low rate of heat transfer through fins is the main problem of
air cooling system. An attempt is made to simulate the heat transfer for different materials and geometry of fins to analyze effects
on rate of heat dissipation from fins surfaces. The heat transfer surfaces of Engine are modelled in ANSYS, and the main aim of
this work is to study different materials and geometry of fins to improve heat transfer rate by changing fin materials under
different conditions.

Keywords: ANSYS, Pro-E Software

I.INTRODUCTION:
In Engine When fuel is burned heat is produced. Additional
heat is also generated by friction between the moving parts.
Only appro ximately 30% of the energy released is converted
into useful work. The remaining (70%) must be removed
fro m the engine to prevent the parts from melt ing [1]. For
this purpose Engine have cooling mechanism in engine to
remove this heat from the engine some heavy vehicles uses
water-cooling system and almost all two wheelers uses Air
cooled engines, because Air-cooled engines are only option
due to some advantages like lighter weight and lesser space
requirement [2]. In an internal co mbustion engine, the Figure 2: Pro-E model of circular fin (3 mm thickness)
expansion of the high-temperature and -pressure gases
produced by combustion applies direct force to some
component of the engine, such as pistons, turbine blades, or
a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance,
generating useful mechanical energy [3]. We know that in
case of Internal Co mbustion engines, combustion of air and
fuel takes place inside the engine cylinder and hot gases are
generated. The temperature of gases will be around 2300-
2500°C [4]. This is a very high Temperature and may result
into burning of oil film between the moving parts and may
result it seizing or welding of same. So, this temperature
Figure 3: Mesh model of circular fin (2 .5 thickness)
must be reduced to about 150-200°C at which the engine
will work most efficiently. Too much cooling is also not
desirable since it reduces the thermal efficiency [5].

II.EXPERIMENTAL DETAILS:

Figure 1: Pro-E model of circular fin (2.5 mm Figure 4: Mesh model of circular fin (3 mm thickness)
thicknesses)

International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, September 2016 2373 http://ijesc.org/
III.RES ULTS AND DISCUSS IONS:
Temperature distri bution for di fferent materials :

Figure 5: Temperature distributi on through circular fin Figure 9: Temperature distributi on through circular fin
for Aluminium Alloy 6061 (2.5 mm thickness) for Zinc Alloy (2.5 mm thickness)

Figure 6: Temperature distributi on through circular fin Figure 10: Temperature distri bution through circular
for Aluminium Alloy 5051 (2.5 mm thickness) fin for Zinc Alloy (3 mm thickness)

IV.CONCLUS IONS:
These fins are used for air cooling systems for two wheelers.
In present work, Alu miniu m alloy 6061 and Zinc alloy at
different thickness has been studied. The various parameters
(i.e., materials and thickness of the fin) are considered in the
study, materials (A lu minu m and Zinc alloys), thickness (3
mm and 2.5 mm). By varying the thickness of the circular
fin, alu minum alloy shows better results compared to Zinc
alloy, since heat transfer of the circular fin is more.

V.REFERENCES:
[1] Wang,Q., Cao,Y., and Chen,G., 1996b “Piston assembly
Figure 7: Temperature distributi on through circular fin design for improved thermal tribological performance.”
for Aluminium Alloy 6061 (3 mm thickness) Tribology transactions, vol.39 pp.483- 489Co mpression
Ignition Engines, Sadhana Vo l. 29, Part 3, pp: 275-284.

[2] Kern,D.Q., and A.D.Kraus, 1972, “Extended Surface


Heat Transfer”, McGraw-Hill Book Co mpany, New York.

[3] D.G.Ku mbhar, et al. (2009). Fin ite Element Analysis


and Experimental Study of Convective Heat Transfer
Augmentation from Horizontal Rectangular Fin by
Triangular Perforations. Proc. of the International
Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering.

[4] J.C.Sanders, et al. (1942). Cooling test of an air-cooled


engine cylinder with copper fins on the barrel, NACA
Report E-103.

[5] P. Agarwal, et al. (2011). Heat Transfer Simu lation by


CFD fro m Fins of an Air Cooled Motorcycle Engine under
Varying Climatic Conditions. Proceedings of the World
Figure 8: Temperature distributi on through circular fin
Congress on Engineering.
for Aluminium Alloy 5051 (3 mm thickness)

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