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IRREGULAR VERBS MISCELLANEOUS

PAST AND PARTICIPLE TENSE ENDS VOWELS CHANGE VOWEL CHANGE VOWEL CHANGE
from /d/ to / t/ /i/ to /ᴧ/ /ai/ to /au/
PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING PRESENT PAST PARTICIPE MEANING PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING

/d/ / t/ (GHT) /i/ /ᴧ/ /ai/ /au/


build built built construir buy bought bought comprar win won won ganar Find Found Found Encontrar
send sent sent enviar think thought thought pensar dig dug dug cavar Bind Bound Bound Amarrar
lend lent lent prestar seek sought sought buscar fling flung flung lanzar Fight Fought Fought Pelear
rend rent rent rasgar teach taught taught ensenar sling slung slung lanzar Grind Ground Ground Moler
spend spent spent gastar bring brought brought traer slink slunk slunk escabullirs wind wound wound bobinar
e
bend bent bent flexionar catch caught caught atrapar spin spun spun girar VOWELS CHANGE
/ i / to / Ԑ /
VOWEL CHANGE ALL FORMS ARE THE SAME spring sprung sprung brotar PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING
/i/ to /ae/ to /ᴧ/
PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING stick stuck stuck pegar /i/ /Ԑ/
/i/ /ae/ /ᴧ/ sting stung stung picar Feel Felt Felt Sentir
Swim Swam Swum Nadar Hit Hit Hit Golpear string strung strung ensartar Keep Kept Kept Mantener
Drink Drank Drunk Beber Cut Cut Cut Cortar swing swung swung balancears Deal Dealt Dealt Negociar
e
Begin Began Begun Empezar Bet Bet Bet Apostar wring wrung wrung estrujar Bleed Bled Bled Sangrar
Ring Rang Rung Sonar Cost Cost Cost Costar cling clung clung agarrarse Breed Bred Bred Criar
Shrink Shrank Shrunk Encogerse Hurt Hurt Hurt Lastimar CONSONANT ENDING Creep Crept Crept Arrastrarse
(ew) – (wn)
Sing Sang Sung Cantar Let Let Let Permitir PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING Dream Dreamt Dreamt Sonar

Sink Sank Sunk Hundirse Put Put Put Poner (ew) (wn) Feed Fed Fed Alimentar
Stink Stank Stunk Apestar Quit Quit Quit Abandon Fly flew Flown Volar weep wept wept Chillar
er
spring sprang Sprung brotar Set Set Set Establec Blow Blew Blown Soplar Flee Fled Fled Huir
er
SAME PATTERN Split Split Split Divider Draw Drew Drawn Dibujar Leave Left Left Dejar
(o-e) – (o – en)
PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING Spread Spread Spread Difundir Know Knew Known Conocer Mean Meant Meant Significar

(o-e) (o – en) Wet Wet Wet Mojar Throw threw thrown Lanzar Meet Met Met Conocer
Break Broke Broken Quebrar Wed Wed Wed Casarse grow grew grown crecer Read Read Read Leer
Steal Stole Stolen Robar Thrust Thrust Thrust Empujar SAME PATTERN Sleep Slept Slept Dormir
Choose Chose Chosen Escoger Rid Rid Rid librar PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING Sweep Swept Swept Barrer
freeze froze Frozen Congelar SAME PATTERN Light Lit Lighted Encender SAME PATTERN

weave wove woven tejer PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING Hide hid Hidden esconder PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING

speak spoke spoken Hablar (a – e) (o-o) (a – en) bite bit bitten morder (w) (wed) (wn)
SAME PATTERN Shake Shook Shaken Agitar PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING show showed Shown Mostrar

PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING Take took Taken coger Hold Held Held Sostener Sow sowed Sown Sembrar

(i – e) (o-e) (i – en) Lay Laid Laid acostarse sew sewed Sewn Coser
PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING
Drive Drove Driven Conducer Give gave Given Dar Pay Paid Paid Pagar ENDING PARTICIPLE (n)

Stride Strode Stridden Andar Forgive Forgave Forgiven Perdonar say Said Said Decir PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING

strive Strove Striven Esforzarse Sell Sold Sold vender do did Done Hacer
PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING
write Wrote Written Escribir forget Forgot Forgotten Olvidar slide Slid Slid Resbalar Go Went gone ir
rise rose risen surgir get got gotten obtener understan Understood Understood Entender Awake awoke awaken Despertar
d
ride rode ridden montar Make Made Made Hacer Beat beat Beaten Golpear
PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING
Come came Come Venir Have had had tener Eat ate Eaten Comer
become became Become Llegar a stand stood stood pararse fall fell Fallen Caer
ser
run ran run correr tear tore Torn Lagrimear
Be Was/were been Ser/estar