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# VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

## SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203

DEPARTMENT OF
ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

VI SEMESTER

EI6602–Process Control

Regulation – 2013

Prepared by

## Mr. C. Praveen kumar, A.P.(O.G) - EIE

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203.

## DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK
SUBJECT :EI6602 –PROCESS CONTROL
SEM / YEAR : VI Semester / III Year EIE

## UNIT I - PROCESS DYNAMICS

Need for process control – Mathematical model of Flow, Level, Pressure and Thermal processes –
Interacting and non-interacting systems – Degrees of freedom – Continuous and batch processes – Self
regulation – Servo and regulatory operations – Lumped and Distributed parameter models – Heat
exchanger – CSTR – Linearization of nonlinear systems.
PART - A

## Q.No Questions BT Competence

Level
1. What is non-self regulation? Give an example. BTL 1 Remember
2. Any process can exhibit self regulation, Yes/No. Justify. BTL 5 Evaluate
3. What are the input and output variable for continuous and batch BTL 1 Remember
process?
4. Compare continuous process and batch process. BTL 2 Understand
5. Differentiate servo and regulatory operations with example. BTL 2 Understand
6. Define controlled variable, manipulated variable and load variable in BTL 1 Remember
process control.
7. Define degrees of freedom. BTL 1 Remember
8. Write the different mathematical models used in process control. BTL 1 Remember
9. List down key objectives of process control. BTL 1 Remember
10. Generalize the list of control variables in Heat Exchanger and CSTR. BTL 6 Create
11. A tank operating at 10 ft head, 5 lpm outflow through a valve and BTL 4 Analyze
has a cross section area of 10 sq. ft. Evaluate the time constant.
12. Classify systems based on their interacting levels and give example. BTL 3 Apply
13. Outline the need for mathematical model. BTL 2 Understand
14. Illustrate the second order system using its general form of transfer BTL 3 Apply
function.
15. Discuss the need for process automation. BTL 2 Understand
16. Point out the significance of "degree of freedom". BTL 4 Analyze
17. Examine the need for servo operation. BTL 3 Apply
18. Categorize the ways to obtain the mathematical modeling of higher BTL 5 Evaluate
order process.
19. Illustrate the steps involved in linearizing the nonlinear systems. BTL 4 Analyze
20. How lumped and distributed systems are developed? BTL 6 Create
PART – B
1. Derive the transfer function H(s)/Q(s) for the liquid level system BTL 1 Remember
shown below when
(a) The tank level operates about the steady-state value of hs = 1 ft.
(b) The tank level operates about the steady-state value of hs = 3 ft.
The pump removes water at a constant rate of 10 cfm (cubic feet per
minute); this rate is independent of head. The cross-sectional area of
the tank is 1.0 ft2 and the resistance R is 0.5 ft/cfm. (13)

2. Derive the transfer functions H2(s)/Q(s) and H3(s)/Q(s) for the three- BTL 1 Remember
tank system shown below, where H2, H3 and Q are deviation
variables. Tank 1 and Tank 2 are interacting. (13)
3. Derive the mathematical model for the given process C1, C2 BTL 1 Remember
capacitances of the tank I and tank II respectively, h1, h2 and A1, A2
heights of liquid level and areas of the tanks tank I and tank II
respectively, q1, q2 inflow and outflow of tank I and q3 is the outflow
of tank II. (13)

4. Evaluate the material balance equation for the two tank hybrid system BTL 5 Evaluate
shown below and determines the transfer functions h1(s) / F1(s) and
h2(s) / F2(s) (13)
5. Differentiate the following with the help of suitable examples: BTL 2 Understand
(i) Servo and Regulatory operations. (7)
(ii) Interacting and Non-interacting processes. (6)
6. Obtain the mathematical model of a process comprising two non- BTL 3 Apply
interacting tanks. Assume that the area of cross section of tank 1 is
A1 ft2 and tank 2 is A2 ft2. The inlet flow to tank 1 and tank 2 is F1
and F2 ft3/min respectively and outflow of tank 2 is F3 ft3/min. The
level of liquid in tank 1 and tank 2 are h1 and h2 respectively. (13)
7. (i) Obtain the mathematical model of first order thermal process. BTL 3 Apply
(7)
(ii) For the above thermal process, identify the process variables,
BTL 1 Remember
including the disturbance variable and obtain the degrees of
freedom of the process. (6)
8. (i) Distinguish between the continuous and batch process with the BTL 2 Understand
help of neat diagram. (7)
(ii) Give the merits and demerits of the continuous and batch process.
(6)
9. (i) Describe with neat diagrams the CSTR and its characteristics in BTL 1 Remember
detail. (7)
(ii) Discuss the instrumentation and controls in CSTR. (6) BTL 2 Understand
10. (i) Explain heat exchanger with a neat sketch. (7) BTL 4 Analyze
(ii) Explain the instrumentation and controls in Heat Exchanger. (6)
11. (i) Discuss the need for mathematical modeling. (6) BTL 2 Understand
(ii) Obtain the mathematical model of a first order pneumatic BTL 3 Apply
process. (7)
12. (i) What is inverse response? Explain the inverse response noticed BTL 4 Analyze
in level control of feed water in boiler. (6)
(ii) Explain the self-regulation process with an example. (7)
13. Develop a mathematical model for the system shown in figure. BTL 6 Create
Assume that the effluent stream from a tank is proportional to the
hydrostatic liquid pressure that causes the flow of liquid. Cross-
sectional area of tank 1 is A1 (ft2) and of tank 2 is A2(ft2). The flow
rates F1, F2, F3are in ft2/min. take necessary assumptions. (13)

14. Explain any one method for linearization of non-linear system with BTL 4 Analyze
example. (13)
PART – C
1. A temperature having a time constant of 0.5 min is placed in a BTL 5 Evaluate
temperature bath and after thermometer is placed in the temperature
bath the temperature comes to equilibrium the temperature of the bath
Ti increased linearly at the rate of 10 C/ min. what is the difference
between the indicated and bath temperature. (15)
(a) 0.25 min after the changes in temperature begins
(b) 3 min after the changes in temperature begins
2. Develop a jacketed coolers as a multi capacity process with BTL 6 Create
appropriate block diagram. (15)
3. Develop a continuous stirred tank reactor with cooling socket and BTL 6 Create
explain the operation. (15)
4. Explain storage-vessel control of continuous process. (15) BTL 5 Evaluate
UNIT II - CONTROL ACTIONS
Characteristic of on-off, proportional, single speed floating, integral and derivative controllers – P+I,P+D
and P+I+D control modes – Electronic PID controller – Auto/manual transfer - Reset windup – Practical
forms of PID Controller.
PART – A

## Q.No Questions BT Competence

Level
1. Why the minimum output of an electronic controller is 4 mA and not BTL 1 Remember
0 mA?
2. Write the advantages of I and D control actions. BTL 3 Apply
3. Design an electronic ON-OFF controller, which provides an output BTL 6 Create
of 5 V, when the temperature measured by a J-type thermocouple is
equal to or greater than 250 0C. Otherwise the controller output
should be 0 V. The sensitivity of the thermocouple is 40µV / 0C. Also
draw the circuit diagram.
4. What is the need for integral action in P.I. controller BTL 1 Remember
5. Compare P, I and D controller. BTL 2 Understand
6. What is the importance of bias term in a controller? BTL 1 Remember
7. Define differential gap. Why is it introduced in a process? BTL 2 Understand
8. Identify two parameters of ON-OFF controller. BTL 1 Remember
9. Develop the open loop response of an inverse response process when BTL 6 Create
excited with unit step Input.
10. Define neutral zone in ON-OFF controller. BTL 1 Remember
11. Discuss integral windup and Anti reset windup. BTL 2 Understand
12. Examine about single speed floating control. BTL 3 Apply
13. Derivative controls cannot be used alone. Justify your answer. BTL 5 Evaluate
14. Point out the dead time with block diagram. BTL 4 Analyze
15. Illustrate auto/manual transfer in controller. BTL 4 Analyze
16. Summarize the advantages and disadvantages of 2-position control. BTL 5 Evaluate
17. Analyze why derivative mode of control is not recommended for a BTL 4 Analyze
noisy process?
18. Justify the need for auto/manual transfer in Industrial PID controller. BTL 2 Understand
19. Calculate the ri and rf values for an electronic P-controller with a BTL 3 Apply
proportional gain 5.
20. Define reset time. BTL 1 Remember
PART – B
1. (i) Obtain the response of P,PI,PID controller for a step change in BTL 3 Apply
input. (7)
(ii) Illustrate the need and benefit of each component of composite
PID controller. (6)
2. (i) With a neat block diagram, explain the functioning of a BTL 4 Analyze
pneumatic PD controller. (7)
(ii) Describe about pneumatic controller to realize proportional and BTL 2 Understand
integral control action. (6)
3. (i) Discuss about the characteristics of on-off control and the effect BTL 2 Understand
of differential gap of ON-OFF controller. (7)
(ii) How to avoid bumbles transfer and reset windup? (6) BTL 4 Analyze
4. (i) Explain about single speed floating control in detail. (6) BTL 4 Analyze
(ii) Describe the working of P+I+D pneumatic controller with neat BTL 1 Remember
sketch. (7)
5. (i) Discriminate when an on-off controller is recommended? How its BTL 5 Apply
performance affected by process dead time. (7)
(ii) Enumerate the characteristics of ON-OFF control. (6) BTL 1 Remember
6. (i) A PID controller has a constant input of 1 V. The proportional BTL 4 Analyze
gain is 2, integral gain is 0.1 sec-1 and derivative gain is 0.1 sec.
Find the output of the controller for the first 10 secs and sketch
its response. (8)
(ii) Explain why derivative and integral control is not separately BTL 2 Understand
recommended for any application. (5)
7. (i) Discuss the factors involved in the selection of parameters of BTL 2 Understand
ON/OFF controller. (5)
(ii) A PI controller has proportional band of 20% and integral time of BTL 5 Evaluate
10 seconds. For a constant error of 5%. Evaluate the controller
output after 10 seconds. The controller offset is 25%. (8)
8. Find the response of P, I, D, PI, PD, PID controllers for the following BTL 4 Analyze
ramp input r(t) = 0.5t. Given KP = 2 %/%, KI = 1%/% sec-1, KD =
0.1%/% sec. (13)
9. A PID controller has KP = 5, KI = 0.7sec-1, KD = 0.5 sec and PI(0) = BTL 1 Remember
20%. Plot the controller output for an error input as shown in fig. (13)
10. A PI controller has KP = 5, KI = 1sec-1 and PI(0) = 20%. Plot the BTL 1 Remember
controller output for an error input as shown in figure. (13)

11. Describe the electronic circuit for realizing the P, PD, PID controller BTL 1 Remember
modes. (13)
12. (i) Design an electronic PI controller with PB=50% and Ti=0.5min. BTL 6 Create
(7)
(ii) Discuss the reset windup problem and explain any one scheme
BTL 2 Understand
to avoid the same. (6)
13. (i) Design an electronic PI controller with PB = 50% and Ti = BTL 6 Create
0.5min. (7)
(ii) Describe electronic controller to realize Proportional and Integral BTL 2 Understand
control actions with neat sketch. (6)
14. Compare the practical forms of P, I and D controllers available BTL 3 Apply
commercially. (13)
PART – C
1. Develop a pneumatic PI controller and explain its functions. (15) BTL 6 Create
2. Explain the representation of feedback controller for various BTL 5 Evaluate
processes. (15)
3. Develop an electronic PI controller with proportional gain = 10 and BTL 6 Create
integral gain = 0.1 s-1 (15)
4. Explain the basic hardware components of process control system. BTL 5 Evaluate
(15)
UNIT III - FINAL CONTROL ELEMENTS
I/P converter - Pneumatic and electric actuators – Valve Positioner – Control Valves – Characteristicof
Control Valves:- Inherent and Installed characteristics – Modeling of pneumatic control valve –
Valvebody:-Commercial valve bodies – Control valve sizing – Cavitation and flashing – Selection criteria.
PART – A

## Q.No. Questions BT Competence

Level
1. Give the functions of an actuator and list different types of actuators. BTL 2 Understand
2. What is range ability of a control valves? BTL 1 Remember
3. Design the size coefficient of a fully open 3 inch valve has flow rate BTL 6 Create
of water is 150gpm, at a differential pressure of 6 PSI.
4. Mention the functions of valve positioner. BTL 3 Apply
5. Classify the different types of process parameters to be considered in BTL 3 Apply
selection of control valves.
6. Summarize the factors to be considered in control valve sizing. BTL 5 Evaluate
7. Differentiate flashing and cavitation in a control valve. BTL 2 Understand
8. Analyze why equal percentage valve is mostly used in process BTL 4 Analyze
industries?
9. Why installed characteristics of a control valve is different from BTL 4 Analyze
inherent characteristics?
10. Mention the use of electrical actuators. BTL 3 Apply
11. Brief the role of I/P converter. BTL 1 Remember
12. Discuss “quick opening” control valve. BTL 2 Understand
13. Define Control Valve sizing. BTL 1 Remember
14. Point out the function of control valve in a flow control system. BTL 4 Analyze
15. Why an equal percentage valve is called as “equal percentage” valve? BTL 1 Remember
16. What is an electric actuator? BTL 1 Remember
17. Compare pneumatic and electric actuators. BTL 5 Evaluate
18. State the characteristics of control valve. BTL 1 Remember
19. A valve with a Cv rating of 4.0 is used to throttle the flow of glycerine BTL 6 Create
for which G = 1.26. Develop the maximum flow rate through the
valve for a pressure drop of 100 psi.
20. Draw the inherent valve characteristics of an equal percentage valve. BTL 2 Understand
PART – B
1. (i) Explain the operation of spring actuator with positioner and BTL 4 Analyze
without positioner. (7)
(ii) With neat sketch explain the principle of Current to Pressure
converter. (6)
2. (i) What is the need for a valve positioner? (4) BTL 1 Remember
(ii) List the factors that decide the lag in a pneumatic transmission BTL 1 Remember
line. (4)
(iii) Explain with neat sketches the construction and salient features BTL 2 Understand
of butterfly and ball valves. (5)
3. (i) Describe the working of a pneumatic actuator with positioner. (7) BTL 1 Remember
(ii) Explain flow-lift characteristics of a control valve and explain BTL 4 Analyze
why the flow-lift characteristics of a control valve change after
installation of the valve in a pipeline? (6)
4. For a linear control valve installed in the flow system for handling BTL 5 Evaluate
water at 50C, having the following data where pipe length is 50ft,
inside pipe diameter is 1.0 inch, density of water is 62.4 lb/ft3,
viscosity of water is 1.5 cp, valve coefficient is 3.5, total pressure
drop is 50 psi, flow rate is 40 gpm. Evaluate the pressure drop across
the valve and flow through wide open valve. Assume fanning friction
factor as 0.005. (13)
5. Design a pneumatic actuated control valve with and without BTL 6 Create
positioner and explain its working. (13)
6. (i) Examine the principle and working of flapper nozzle BTL 1 Remember
arrangement. (7)
(ii) Describe the construction and working of a Solenoid. (6)
7. Describe sliding stem control valves .Discuss in detail about control BTL 2 Understand
valve sizing. (13)
8. (i) Explain the basic types of valves. Elaborate the selection of BTL 3 Apply
valves for different applications. (7)
(ii) Explain the inherent and installed characteristics of valves. (6)
9. (i) With the necessary diagram, explain the characteristics of control BTL 4 Analyze
valve. (7)
(ii) Describe the steps to be followed for control valve sizing. (6) BTL 1 Remember
10. (i) With a neat diagram, explain the functioning of a valve BTL 4 Analyze
positioner. What are the advantages of using the same? (7)
(ii) Explain Cavitation in control valves. (6)
11. (i) When are single seated and double seated valves used? List and BTL 2 Understand
(ii) Write down the flow equation of an equal percentage valve and BTL 3 Apply
sketch its characteristics. (6)
12. (i) Point out the factors involved in selection of control valve. (7) BTL 4 Analyze
(ii) List the different types of valves that are commercially used and BTL 1 Remember
explain any two in detail. (6)
13. (i) A double seated valve is used in a system for liquid flowing at a BTL 3 Apply
maximum rate of 10 gpm. Its specific gravity being 0.9 and
viscosity 36,000 cp. The drop across the valve is 1 psi. Obtain the
valve size. (7)
(ii) Describe about Flashing in control valves. (6) BTL 1 Remember
14. Describe the working of an electric actuator with neat diagram. (13) BTL 1 Remember
PART – C
1. Explain commercial valve body having different types of valve with BTL 5 Evaluate
appropriate diagram. (15)
2. A
A heating furnace requires a control valve passing 10 gpm preheaded BTL 5 Evaluate
light fuel oil (sp. Gr = 0.8) at full load and only 0.2 gpm at the smallest
heating load. The pressure differential at wide open is 20 psi. The
source pressure is constant at 50 psi gage, but there is 10 psi drop in
the oil preheater and 20 psi drop at the furnace burner nozzles.
Determine the valve size. (15)
3. Design a programmed adaptive control system with gain scheduling BTL 6 Create
adaptive control unit as an example. (15)
4. Design a black box model approach type adaptive control system BTL 6 Create
with neat sketch. (15)
UNIT IV - CONTROLLER TUNING
Evaluation criteria – IAE, ISE, ITAE and ¼ decay ratio - Tuning:- Process reaction curve
method,Continuous cycling method and Damped oscillation method – Determination of optimum settings
for mathematically described processes using time response and frequency response approaches –Auto
tuning.
PART - A
BT
Q.No Questions Competence
Level
1. Assess the use of evaluation criteria in controller tuning. BTL 5 Evaluate
2. Define ultimate gain and auto tuning. BTL 1 Remember
3. What are ITAE and when to go for it? BTL 1 Remember
4. State the Zeigler Nichols closed loop tuning formula. BTL 1 Remember
5. Formulate the tuning criteria for continuous cycling method. BTL 6 Create
6. Name any two performance criteria. BTL 1 Remember
7. Distinguish between Z-N and C-C methods of tuning. BTL 2 Understand
8. Define One-quarter decay ratio. BTL 1 Remember
9. Give the satisfactory control for gas pressure process. BTL 2 Understand
10. Distinguish between IAE and ISE. BTL 2 Understand
11. What performance criterion should be used for the selection and BTL 3 Apply
tuning of controllers?
12. Draw the Process reaction curve for first order system with transport BTL 3 Apply
lag.
13. Write the tuning criteria for Damped Oscillation method. BTL 3 Apply
14. Point out the parameters required to design a best controller. BTL 4 Analyze
15. Analyze the need for controller tuning. BTL 4 Analyze
16. Define Integral of Time weighted Absolute Error (ITAE) and Integral BTL 1 Remember
of Square Error (ISE).
17. Give the precautions to take in applying the Z-N method. BTL 2 Understand
18. Why is it necessary to choose controller settings that satisfy both gain BTL 5 Evaluate
margin and phase margin? Justify.
19. Formulate the Cohen Coon controller settings for PID controller. BTL 6 Create
20. Point out the satisfactory control for temperature process. BTL 4 Analyze
PART - B
1. (i) Discuss in detail about damped oscillation method. (7) BTL 2 Understand
(ii) Explain the basis of selection of type of controller for various
processes. (6)
2. (i) Illustrate the process of tuning feedback controller using process BTL 4 Analyze
reaction curve method. (7)
(ii) Write short notes on ISE and IAE. (6)
3. (i) How controllers are tuned based on frequency response methods? BTL 4 Analyze
(7)
𝑒 −0.5𝑠
(ii) Give optimum controller settings for the model G(s) =
4𝑠+1
obtained by Reaction curve method. (6)
4. (i) What are the drawbacks of process reaction curve method? How BTL 1 Remember
to overcome it? (7)
(ii) Describe controller tuning using continuous oscillation
technique. (6)
5. Briefly explain the Zeigler-Nicholas closed loop method of controller BTL 5 Evaluate
tuning. (13)
6. (i) Examine ¼ decay ratio criteria with example. (7) BTL 3 Apply
(ii) Write short notes on time response method of controller tuning.
(6)
7. (i) Enumerate Integral of Time weighted Absolute Error for a simple BTL 1 Remember
system. (6)
(ii) Describe open loop transient response method of tuning. (7)
8. Design and describe the process reaction curve method of controller BTL 6 Create
tuning with appropriate tuning criteria. (13)
9. Discuss the tuning procedure when mathematical model of the BTL 2 Understand
process is available. (13)
10. (i) Write short notes on selection of evaluation criteria. (7) BTL 1 Remember
(ii) Explain the auto tuning method with block diagram. (6)
11. Discuss the procedure for setting controller parameters by using BTL 1 Remember
frequency response method. (13)
12. (i) How is ITAE criterion different form IAE? (5) BTL 4 Analyze
(ii) In an application of ZN method, a process begins oscillation with
a 30% proportional band in an 11.5 min period. Find the nominal
three mode controller settings. (8)
13. (i) What do mean by optimum controller setting? (5) BTL 3 Apply
(ii) Given the transfer function of the system C(s)/U(s) =1/6s+1 with
5 sec transportation lag. Find the optimum setting using process
reaction curve for
(1) P controller
(2) PI controller
(3) PID Controller. (8)
14. (i) Suggest a method which is more accurate than continuous cycling BTL 2 Understand
method and list out the reasons. (6)
(ii) Discuss the procedure for setting controller parameters by using
time response method. (7)
PART – C
1. Explain how to determine the optimum setting for mathematically BTL 5 Evaluate
described process. (15)
2. Design a PID controller using Auto tuning. (15) BTL 6 Create
3. How is the evaluation criteria selected for a particular application? BTL 6 Create
(15)
4. Evaluate the procedure to tune the PID controller for a higher order BTL 5 Evaluate
system. (15)

## UNIT V - MULTILOOP CONTROL

Feed-forward control – Ratio control – Cascade control – Inferential control – Split-range
andintroduction to multivariable control – Examples from distillation column and boiler systems – IMC–
Model Predictive Control – Adaptive control – P&ID diagram.
PART – A

## Q.No Questions BT Competence

Level
1. Identify the input and output variables of distillation column. BTL 1 Remember
2. What is split-range control? BTL 1 Remember
3. Develop the logic used for the implementation of ratio control. BTL 6 Create
4. Discriminate the purpose of cascade control for heat exchangers. BTL 5 Evaluate
5. State the significance of the sizing of control valves. BTL 1 Remember
6. Define IMC controller and multi variable control. BTL 1 Remember
7. Give the advantages of cascade control over conventional control. BTL 2 Understand
8. Sketch any four P&ID symbols of valves. BTL 3 Apply
9. Give an application example that needs ratio control. BTL 2 Understand
10. Differentiate split-range control and selective control. BTL 4 Analyze
11. What is ratio control? Where is it needed? BTL 3 Apply
12. Draw the split range control block diagram. BTL 3 Apply
14. What are decouplers? BTL 1 Remember
15. Differentiate feedback and feedforward controllers. BTL 4 Analyze
16. How to select secondary controller in a cascade control scheme? BTL 4 Analyze
17. Give an application example that needs ratio control. BTL 5 Evaluate
18. Give the importance of P&ID diagram. BTL 2 Understand
19. Develop the structure of IMC. BTL 6 Create
20. What is the need for inferential control? BTL 1 Remember
PART – B
1. (i) What is split range control? Explain a simple application, where BTL 1 Remember
it is used? (7)
(ii) Describe the implementation of ratio control for a blending
process. (6)
2. What is multivariable control? Explain the three element control in BTL 5 Evaluate
Boilers. (13)
3. Explain the cascade control scheme with a typical example and also BTL 4 Analyze
explain when to use cascade control? (13)
4. (i) Examine inferential control scheme with an example. (7) BTL 1 Remember
(ii) Describe an open loop controller which maintains the ratio of air
and fuel in a boiler system. (6)
5. (i) Discuss with necessary diagram a multi variable control process BTL 2 Understand
using distillation column. (9)
(ii) Discuss the challenges involved in multivariable control. (4)
6. Explain the operation of adaptive control scheme with the help of a BTL 4 Analyze
neat block diagram. (13)
7. (i) Illustrate Model Predictive control scheme with an example. (7) BTL 3 Apply
(ii) Examine the importance of Internal Model Control in process
industries. (6)
8. (i) Demonstrate the concept of feed forward control with the aid of BTL 3 Apply
block diagram. (8)
(ii) Compare feed-forward controller with feedback controller. Also
bring out its merits and demerits. (5)
9. (i) Examine the control schemes for top and bottom products in BTL 1 Remember
binary distillation column. (8)
(ii) List the difficulties involved in controlling multivariable system
from distillation column. (5)
10. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of combining two BTL 2 Understand
controllers in series? For what kind of processes can you employ that?
Explain with neat sketch. (13)
11. An oil furnace is controlled by cascade control system where the inner BTL 6 Create
loop regulates the flow of oil. The inner process is approximated by a
first order one having a lag of 2 sec in which loop measurement lag is
0.5 sec. Assuming the lag to be zero and the outer process lag to be 5
sec, obtain the controller parameters for effectively controlling the
process. The outer loop measurement lag is zero. Compare the results
with the case when the cascade control is not used. (13)

12. (i) Explain the model reference adaptive control with neat sketch.(7) BTL 4 Analyze
(ii) Order the hierarchal level of control in detail with their functions
and interfaces. (6)
13. Draw and discuss the P&ID diagram of the following: BTL 2 Understand
(i) Boiler. (7)
(ii) Distillation column. (6)
14. Describe the functions of IMC with block diagram. (13) BTL 1 Remember
PART – C
1. Explain relative gain array and the methodology to find relative gain BTL 5 Evaluate
array. (15)
2. Design a cascade control system for a distillation column and furnace BTL 6 Create
process. (15)
3. Explain self-tuning regulator and develop a rolling mill system with a BTL 5 Evaluate
self-tuning regulator. (15)
4. Design a temperature control model for batch reactor process. (15) BTL 6 Create