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Preventing Dating Violence Amongst Teens

Hailey Nicole Austin

February 7, 2018

Academy for the Arts, Science and Technology

Preventing Dating Violence Amongst Teens

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Teen dating violence (TDV) is a prominent issue in the 21st century that is affecting the

teens who are entering a new dating environment. TDV can cause a variety of long and short

term effects such as, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, antisocial behavior, and suicidal

thoughts (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016, pg 1). Teen dating violence is

described as “A type of intimate partner violence. It occurs between two people in a close

relationship. The nature of dating violence can be physical, emotional, or sexual” (Center for

Disease Control and Prevention, 2016, pg 1). TDV of any form is not okay and needs to be

prevented in order to stop the teen on teen violence of adolescence.


There are many types of teen dating violence that should not be tolerated but the main

three are emotional, physical, and sexual abuse. “A national survey found that ten percent of

teens, female and male, had been the victims of physical dating violence within the past year and

approximately 29 percent of adolescents reported being verbally or psychologically abused

within the previous year” (Youth.Gov, 2013, pg 1). This quotation proves that these types of

TDV are negatively impacting the lives of many teens causing harsh consequences. Abuse of

any form must not be tolerated especially not for impressionable teens who are just entering the

world of adulthood.

Emotional, Physical, and Sexual Abuse

Teen dating violence can come in many form but the three most common are emotional,

physical, and sexual (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016, pg 1). All three can be

very similar to one another however, the effects that they cause can differentiate between the

types. The center of disease control has defined each of the types of abuse to explain what each

looks like. Physical abuse in a relationship is when the one partner physically harms the other
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partner, emotional abuse is when one partner threatens or harms the other partners self worth,

and sexual abuse is when a partner forces the other partner into a sexual act without consent

(Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016, pg 1). Anyone can be the victim or abuser in

situations such as the ones explained so keeping an open mind when in reviewing TDV cases in


Signs and Effects

Teen dating violence doesn't just happen overnight, it has many signs and occurrences

that lead up to the effects of abuse. Although, some victims never report their abuse it can be

obvious when someone is in an abusive relationship. Unexplained injuries are the most common

sign of abuse and should not be treated lightly (Herrman, 2009, pg 4). Although physical signs

are more obvious the effects of abuse can hurt the victim the most. The signs and effects of TDV

are what have teared down the self esteem of many teens going through similar situations.

Signs of Teen Dating Violence

There can be major signs when it comes to TDV that no one thinks to ask about.

“Suspicious signs may include unexplained injuries, injuries that appear to be from questionable

sources (such as burns or bruises ) , wounds of various stages of healing, delays in seeking care,

strained partner relationships” (Herrman, 2009, pg 5). Other signs may include isolation from

loved ones, mood swings, insecurity, and submissiveness (Break the Cycle, 2014, pg 1).

Although, the signs may seem obvious “About 1 in 11 episodes of teen dating violence is

reported to adults or authorities, and many episodes are reported but not addressed” (Herrman,

2009, pg 2). This quotation helps to prove that teens need to be aware of what TDV is and how

to prevent it so this statistic can no longer be true.

Long and Short Term Effects

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The effects of TDV can be horrific to the wellbeing of a victim as they grow up. Effects

tend to follow the victim into adulthood creating a path of destruction. Some of the short term

effects of TDV are “fear of retaliation or revenge, ongoing emotional ties, denial, self-blame,

hope that the situation will improve, fear of escalation in levels of violence, and feelings of

helplessness”(Herrman, 2009, pg 3). These can create major tension between the victim and their

loved ones due to such drastic fears of disapproval. Some long term effects may include

“depression and anxiety, engage in unhealthy behaviors, like using tobacco, drugs, and alcohol,

or exhibit antisocial behaviors and think about suicide” (Center for Disease Control and

Prevention, 2016, pg 1). In total the effects of TDV can affect a victim's whole life and demeanor

so preventing TDV is the keys to ending the effects of it.


All in all Teen dating violence can cause extreme harm to the youth of the 21st century. TDV

must come to an end by “Actively encourage community involvement with the school to raise

awareness of dating violence” there are a myriad of options to stop this violence such as

“domestic violence shelters, abuse hotlines, and counseling agencies” (Stader, 2011, pg 4). With

the help of everyone we can stop the teen on teen violence that goes on everyday. I believe that

awareness is the number one way to stopping teen dating violence in order to protect the

adolescence of tomorrow.


Warning Signs. (2018, January 25). Retrieved February 09, 2018, from
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Violence Prevention. (2017, August 03). Retrieved February 09, 2018, from


Herrman, J. W. (2009). There's a Fine Line...Adolescent Dating Violence and

Prevention. Pediatric Nursing, 35(3), 164-170.

Orpinas, P. p., Hsieh, H. H., Song, X. x., Holland, K. k., & Nahapetyan, L. L. (2013).

Trajectories of Physical Dating Violence from Middle to High School: Association with

Relationship Quality and Acceptability of Aggression. Journal Of Youth & Adolescence,

42(4), 551-565.