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under the standard normal curve. P( 50< x < 70) = P( 0< z < 1.33) = [area to the left

of z = 1.33] - [area to the left of z = 0]

a) For x = 40, the z-value z = (40 - 30) / 4 = 2.5

= 0.9082 - 0.5 = 0.4082

Hence P(x < 40) = P(z < 2.5) = [area to the left of

2.5] = 0.9938 The probability that John's computer has a

length of time between 50 and 70 hours is

b) For x = 21, z = (21 - 30) / 4 = -2.25 equal to 0.4082.

Hence P(x > 21) = P(z > -2.25) = [total area] - 4. Let x be the random variable that represents

[area to the left of -2.25] the scores. x is normally ditsributed with a

mean of 500 and a standard deviation of 100.

= 1 - 0.0122 = 0.9878 The total area under the normal curve

represents the total number of students who

c) For x = 30 , z = (30 - 30) / 4 = 0 and for x = 35, took the test. If we multiply the values of the

z = (35 - 30) / 4 = 1.25 areas under the curve by 100, we obtain

percentages.

Hence P(30 < x < 35) = P(0 < z < 1.25) = [area to

the left of z = 1.25] - [area to the left of 0] For x = 585 , z = (585 - 500) / 100 = 0.85

585 is given by

2. Let x be the random variable that represents

the speed of cars. x has μ = 90 and σ = 10. We P = [area to the left of z = 0.85] = 0.8023 =

have to find the probability that x is higher 80.23%

than 100 or P(x > 100)

Tom scored better than 80.23% of the students

For x = 100 , z = (100 - 90) / 10 = 1 who took the test and he will be admitted to

this University.

P(x > 90) = P(z >, 1) = [total area] - [area to the

left of z = 1] 5.

a) P(4.98 < x < 5.02) = P(-1 < z < 1)

= 1 - 0.8413 = 0.1587

= 0.6826

The probability that a car selected at a random

has a speed greater than 100 km/hr is equal to b) P(4.96 < x < 5.04) = P(-2 < z < 2)

0.1587

3. Let x be the random variable that represents = 0.9544

the length of time. It has a mean of 50 and a

standard deviation of 15. We have to find the 6.

probability that x is between 50 and 70 or P( a) P(x < 7) = P(z < -2.5)

50< x < 70)

= 0.0062

For x = 50 , z = (50 - 50) / 15 = 0

b) P(7 < x < 12) = P(-2.5 < z < 0)

For x = 70 , z = (70 - 50) / 15 = 1.33 (rounded to

2 decimal places) = 0.4938

7.

a) P(x < 19.5) = P(z < -0.25)

= 0.4013

= 0.3413

8.

a) For x = 80, z = 1

Area to the right (higher than) z = 1 is equal to 0.1586 = 15.87% scored more that 80.

b) For x = 60, z = -1

Area to the right of z = -1 is equal to 0.8413 = 84.13% should pass the test.

9.

a) For x = 40000, z = -0.5

Area to the left (less than) of z = -0.5 is equal to 0.3085 = 30.85% earn less than $40,000.

Area between z = -0.25 and z = 0.75 is equal to 0.3720 = 37.20 earn between $45,000 and $65,000.

c)For x = 70000, z = 1

Area to the right (higher) of z = 1 is equal to 0.1586 = 15.86% earn more than $70,000.

EXPECTED MEAN

1. A fair six-sided die is tossed. You win $2 if the result is a “1,” you win $1 if the result is a “6,” but

otherwise you lose $1.

The Probability Distribution for X = Amount Won or Lost

X +$2 +$1 -$1

1/6 1/6 4/6

Probability

The interpretation is that if you play many times, the average outcome is losing 17 cents per play.

Thus, over time you should expect to lose money.

σ2 = [∑x2ipi] – μ2 = [22(1/6) + 12(1/6) + (−1)2(4/6)] − (−1/6)2

The variance of this discrete random variable is 1.472.

σ = 1.213

2. Using the probability distribution for number of tattoos, let's find the mean number of tattoos per

student.

Has in a Population of Students

0 1 2 3 4

Tattoos

Probability

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