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IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRONIC CRUISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IN A BIKE

ABSTRACT:

This paper mainly intends to deal with the installation of a new design
in electronic cruise control system in a bike. It aims at increasing the safety
and to reduce stress and fatigue challenged by a bike rider and with all many
constraints like space, allowance, road conditions were considered and come
up with a new idea which overcome these difficulties faced by bike riders. This
paper involves the adaptation of cruise control in bikes as we are using in cars
now a days with Microprocessor unit,,sensors,actuators etc..

INTRODUCTION:
Few decades ago engine speed were controlled manually and also
with the help of governors. However today engine speeds are controlled by
computer aided electronic system. The advent of computers has influenced
every field around the world. Hence the project aims to design and fabricate a
cruise control system in a bike.

Engine and other automobile systems are increasing by controlled


through electronic system. This has led to reduced pollution, improved driving
safety and eventually to improved economy. Some electronic systems are used
to control the speed of the engine.

An electronic system which is fitted to the modern vehicles is a


cruise control system which keeps a vehicle speed constant on long drive and
help to prevent driver fatigue.

Cruise control is not suitable for all road condition it is applicable


only for high ways. It should not operate at low speed range.

This system is implemented in bike to increase driver comfort. In


future many automobile systems are works on electronic control unit because its
accuracy is more when compared to other system.

In future, we hope this system is adapted by India and other


countries.
OBJECTIVES:
 To adapt cruise control system in motor bikes
 Reduce the human effort while riding the motor bike.
 Control and steady the speed of the vehicle over long time without
effort.
 Control the speed of motor bike by using ECM and actuator.
 Control engine emission and high fuel efficiency.

METHODOLOGY:

Speedometer Throttle Brake Clutch


sensor valve sensor sensor sensor

BATTERY
ECM

THROTTLE
ACTUATOR
VALVE
This project aims at designing a cruise control system for a motor bike. The
CCS must be able to maintain the speed of the motor bike and to accelerate the
motor bike upon the setting speed of the driver. It must also measure the current
speed of the vehicle.

It consist of three sensors namely speedometer sensor, brake sensor


and clutch sensor. These sensors are connected to the ECM engine control
module. The ECM is electronic unit it received input from these sensors and
gives output to control the speed of the vehicle.

The cruise control system is actuated by just pushing the ON


button which is placed in the handleof the vehicle. The output signal from the
ECM is transferred in to the actuator connected to the throttle of the vehicle.
This actuator can put the throttle value in any position.

The driver can put the throttle valve in any position by using the
acceleratorpedal. The cruise control is applicable only when the vehicle speed is
more than 30 kmph. The CCS set measure the current speed and set the desired
speed of the vehicle.

The vehicle accelerates smoothly without pushing the accelerated


pedal. If the driver pushes the brake pedal the sensor sense the brake position
and send signal to ECM.

The ECM analyzes that signal and gives an output to actuator. The
actuator release the throttle valve and the engine comes to rest there after there
is no raise in speed till the driver need to set the cruise speed.

The resume button is used to recall the previous cruise speed of the
vehicle. When the driver pushes the resume button it will automatically control
the speed of the vehicle.

WORK PLAN:
The Cruise control system is placed in between front wheel and
engine of the vehicle. The three sensors are used in this system one is placed in
the brake pedal, another is placed in the clutch which is located in the handle of
the vehicle and other is located at the speedometer to sense the speed.
This system is placed below the fuel tank and covered with plastic
box to avoid water in to the system. The actuator is placed near the throttle
valve. Cables are connected between actuator cylinder and throttle valve.A
battery is connected to ECM and actuator

These sensors sense the position and sense input signal to the ECM
unit. This ECM unit analyses these signal and execute output and output is fed
in to the actuator. This actuator works on ECM output signal.

Because this is a routine process it is necessary to program the


ECM which is works with the help of set of programs. In this process a special
program need to operate this system. This program just like “c” program and it
is easy to execute.

COST ESTIMATION:
COMPONENT QUANTITY COST

ECM 1 2000

SENSORS 4 1800

ACTUATOR 1 1500
FOUR STROKE
ENGINE 1 2500

BATTERY 1 400
CONNETING WIRES &
CABLES AS REQUIRED 400

TOTAL 8600
FUTURE WORK:

1. Implementation of adaptive cruise control .


2. Optimization using MATLAB and SIMULINK interface.
3. Conducting various performance test and to know its characteristics on
all engines.
4. Manipulation of results using characteristic curves by adapting in some
engines.

CONCLUSION:

Thus this paper mainly emphasized on the implementation of electronic


cruise control in bikes. We would like to extend this project by using
optimization in MATLAB and we would to impart adaptive cruise control
system in the upcoming future. This paper encompasses us to the better
accompolishment of this project by conducting various performance tests and
manipulation of results will be improvenised in the forthcoming days .

REFERENCES:

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