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QUALIFIED CONTRACTORS

Name Page
ACCO Engineered Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Air Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
De Bella Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Environmental Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Ray L. Hellwig Plumbing & Heating, Inc. . . . . . . . .30
W. L. Hickey Sons, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
ICOM Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Kinetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
O.C. McDonald Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Paragon Mechanical Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Purity Systems, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Southland Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Therma, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Thermal Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

TOXIC GAS
ORDINANCE
DATA BOOK
A Guide to the
A Guide to the
Latest
Latest Regulations
Regulations
Plus Certified Contractors
South Bay Piping Industry
Labor/Management Trust
400 Reed Street, PO Box 58032
Santa Clara, CA 95052
408.970.8578
Visit us on the web at www.sbaypipe.org/tgo/
QUALIFIED CONTRACTORS
Name Page
ACCO Engineered Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Air Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
De Bella Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Environmental Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Ray L. Hellwig Plumbing & Heating, Inc. . . . . . . . .30
W. L. Hickey Sons, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
ICOM Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Kinetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
O.C. McDonald Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Paragon Mechanical Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Purity Systems, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Southland Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Therma, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Thermal Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

TOXIC GAS
ORDINANCE
DATA BOOK
A Guide to the
A Guide to the
Latest
Latest Regulations
Regulations
Plus Certified Contractors
South Bay Piping Industry
Labor/Management Trust
400 Reed Street, PO Box 58032
Santa Clara, CA 95052
408.970.8578
Visit us on the web at www.sbaypipe.org/tgo/
Acknowledgment
The South Bay Piping Industry would like to
thank Reinhard Hanselka for his contributions
to the TGO Data Book 2008 Update.
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
DATA BOOK
TABLE OF CONTENTS

TGO Definitions .......................... 4

TGO Synopsis .............................. 6

General Requirements ................ 16

Common Toxic Gases ................. 21

Qualified Contractors ................. 26


TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
DEFINITIONS
The Toxic Gas Ordinance (TGO) and the California Fire
Code, chapters 27, 37 and 41, use similar terminology
and definitions. The most commonly used terms and
definitions are listed here.

CBC California Building Code.The Building Code


adopted by the State of California for all
local jurisdictions and State Facilities.
CEC California Electrical Code. The Electrical
Code adopted by the State of California for
all local jurisdictions and State Facilities.
CFC California Fire Code. The Fire Code adopted
by the State of California for all local
jurisdictions and State Facilities.
CMC California Mechanical Code. The Mechanical
Code adopted by the State of California for
all local jurisdictions and State Facilities.
CPC California Plumbing Code. Plumbing code
adopted by the State of California for all
local jurisdictions and State Facilities.

Ceiling Maximum concentration, expressed


Limit in ppm, to which one can be
exposed.
Control Space within buildings where regu-
Area lated materials can be stored, han-
dled, used or dispensed. A control
area is defined in the CBC and is an
area bounded by a one-hour separation.
Controls Means used to regulate materials to
prevent unauthorized discharges.

D.O.T. Department of Transportation. United


States Department of Transportation.

4 - Definitions
Guidelines TGO Draft Consensus Guidelines.
The Santa Clara County Fire Chiefs'
Association set forth a clarification
that has been adopted into the TGO.
IDLH Immediately Dangerous to Life & Health.
Material concentration, expressed in
ppm, that represents the maximum
level from which one could escape
without suffering any impair-
ment or irreversible health effects in a
30-minute time period.
LCLo Lethal Concentration (Low). The lowest
exposure level, expressed in ppm, at
which some testing animals died
following inhalation exposure.
LC50 Lethal Concentration (50). The median
exposure level, expressed in ppm, at
which 50% of the testing animals died
following inhalation exposure.
LDLo Lethal Dose (Low). The lowest dose at
which some test animals die when
exposed. The dose is given in milli-
grams per kilogram of body weight.
LD50 Lethal Dose (50). The dose at which
50% of the test animals die when
exposed. The dose is given in milli-
grams per kilogram of body weight.
Lab Std. Laboratory Standard for limited use of toxic
and highly toxic gases.

TGO Toxic Gas Ordinance. The regulating code,


adopted by most governmental agencies in
the California Bay Area, for the use,
distribution, handling and dispensing of
Toxic Gases. In other locations and
jurisdictions refer to chapters 27, 37 and 41
of the CFC.

Definitions - 5
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
A. Introduction
The Toxic Gas Ordinance has established a class
rating for all hazardous gases. The most hazard-
ous gases are rated as Class I, moderately
hazardous gases are rated as Class II, and Class
III hazardous gases have less stringent require-
ments. Very small quantities of hazardous gases
may fall into a separate category of Minimum
Threshold Quantities (Min. T.Q.).
B. Class I Hazardous Gases.
A material that has a median lethal concentration
(LC50) in air of 200 parts per million or less by
volume of gas or vapor, or 2 milligrams per liter
or less of mist, fume or dust, when administered
by continuous inhalation for an hour, or less if
death occurs within one hour, to albino rats
weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.
C. Class II Hazardous Gases.
A material that has a median lethal concentration
(LC50) in air more than 200 parts per million but
not more than 3,000 parts per million by volume
of gas or vapor, or more than 2 milligrams per
liter but not more than 30 milligrams per liter of
mist, fume or dust, when administered by
continuous inhalation for an hour, or less if death
occurs within one hour, to albino rats weighing
between 200 and 300 grams each.
D. Class III Hazardous Gases.
A material that has a median lethal concentration
(LC50) in air more than 3,000 parts per million but
not more than 5,000 parts per million by volume
of gas or vapor, or more than 30 milligrams per
liter but not more than 50 milligrams per liter of mist,
6 - Synopsis
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
fume or dust, when administered by continuous
inhalation for an hour, or less if death occurs within
one hour, to albino rats weighing between 200 and
300 grams each.
E. Minimum Threshold Quantities.
Minimum Threshold Quantities can be any minor
quantity of Class I, Class II or Class III Hazardous
Gas.
F. Class I Piping Requirements.
In general, Class I Hazardous gases need to be
dispensed in an inert piping system with welded
connections. Class I gases also require a double
containment system designed to withstand the sudden
rupture or gradual release of the primary system.
The secondary containment system must discharge
into an approved treatment system.
G. Class II Piping Requirements.
In general, Class II Hazardous gases need to be
dispensed in an inert piping system with welded
connections. Secondary containment is not required
unless the material is a corrosive and the primary
dispensing piping system is not inert.
H. Class III Piping Requirements.
In general, Class III Hazardous gases need to be
dispensed in an inert material piping system.
Secondary containment is not required.
I. Class I, II & III Special Requirements.
In general, the use of any hazardous gas requires
certain special requirements which depend on the
classification of the hazardous gas. The general
requirements for the various classifications are

Synopsis - 7
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
listed in this publication.
J. Exterior Storage.
In general, the design of exterior storage must
include the following criteria:
• Distance from all exposures is 75 feet.
• Storage, covered by canopy, with fire protec-
tion system.
• Tank pressure relief vents must discharge to
the treatment system.
• Local exhaust at dispensing area that cap-
tures fumes and directs materials to treat-
ment system.
• Stationary tank equipped with excess flow
valves on both inlet and outlet connections.
• Leaker cabinet.
K. Common gases which are not regulated by the
TGO
Silane, Nitrous Oxide and Sulfur Hexa-fluoride are
specifically not regulated by the TGO. Some addi-
tional gases commonly used in industrial applica-
tions are also not regulated by the TGO: Hydrogen,
Oxygen, Nitrogen, Helium and Argon. These gases
are not toxic, although large concentrations could
result in explosion, fire and/or asphyxiation. The
storage, use and handling of these and other gases
are regulated by the CBC, CFC, CMC and other codes.

8 - Synopsis
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS

I. Materials Regulated
6) Alternative materials for toxic gases, e.g.
Trimethyl Phosphite, Trimethyl Arsine, etc., shall
be regulated by the TGO based on toxicological
data or estimated by a qualified third party.
7) Mixtures of Regulated Materials
In the absence of an established LC50 for a
mixture containing a regulated material, the
following formula may be used per appendix
E103.1.3.1 of the CFC:
For mixtures where the hazardous component
is diluted with a non–taxic gas, the LC50 of the
mixture is estimated by using the following
formula:

LC50 (mixture) = 1
% of component gas – Ci
( )
LC50 i

If more than one toxic component:


LC50 (mixture) = 1
n fi
Σ LC50i
i=1
Where Ci is the concentration od]=f the component
and LC50i is the LC50 of that component based on a
one hour exposure.
10) Halogenated, non-carbon based gases may hydro-
lyze to their base mineral acid upon contact with
moisture. Therefore, the TGO requirements for these
Synopsis - 9
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
gases shall apply to their decomposition products, i.e.
monitoring, treatment, compatibility, etc.
Example: Tungsten hexafluoride decomposes to
hydrogen fluoride (HF), therefore, monitoring shall
be required for HF at PEL, treatment shall be
required for HF to 1/2 IDLH, and piping material
must be compatible with HF or secondary contain-
ment shall be required.
III. Piping and Controls
1) Partial gas system upgrades shall require permits
under the same conditions as upgrades to existing
underground fuel lines.
For example:
A.If a permit is required for a piping modifica-
tion, then upgrading of the entire system for that
gas will be required.
B. If a permit is not required, such as for connect-
ing an existing piping system to a new piece of
equipment, then upgrading will not be required
at this time.
2) All primary piping for toxic gas systems shall
pass a Helium Leak Test of 10-9 cc/sec, where
practical. Persons installing toxic gas piping
systems shall be qualified. Persons conducting the
tests must possess a certificate of training. Indi-
vidual jurisdictions may require “third party”
testing.
3) For the purpose of calculating the Maximum
Threshold Quantity, storage tanks, cylinders and
piping systems, which can be isolated in a manner
approved by the Fire Chief, may be designated as
separate storage vessels.

10 - Synopsis
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
IV. Inert Materials
1) Compatibility of materials shall be determined
by the National Association of Corrosion Engi-
neers.
V. Incompatible Materials
1) Materials which, when in contact with each other,
have the potential to react in a manner that generates
heat, fumes, gases or byproducts which are hazardous to
life or property.
VI. Seismic Protection
1) Automatic shut-down shall be required for the
toxic gas sources in the event of seismic activity as
specified by each individual jurisdiction.
VII. Gas Detection
1) Monitoring systems are to be tested at the point of
use.
2) The interval time for “continuous” gas detection
shall be determined by the Fire Chief in each
jurisdiction. The Maximum interval time is 5
minutes.
3) Automatic shut-down shall occur upon gas
detection at or below PEL in occupied areas, and at or
below 1/2 IDLH in unoccupied areas.
4) Continuous gas detection may not be required to
detect the presence of gas at or below the PEL when the
upper range of the odor threshold limit is less than the
PEL, as determined by the critiqued and approved data
published by the American Industrial Hygiene Associa-
tion, “Odor Thresholds for Chemicals with Established
Occupational Health Standards” (1989, or as amended
thereafter). Notwithstanding, monitoring may be
required, however, to provide for the proper
Synopsis - 11
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
function of the treatment system and other emer-
gency controls. Moreover, this exemption may
apply only in those jurisdictions which provide an
exception based on the physiological warning
properties of certain gases.
VIII. Treatment Systems
1) Maximum release rates shall be calculated based
upon a worst case, single event from a single
cylinder, taking into account all engineering
controls.
2) Restrictive flow orifices must be installed in the
cylinder valve to be considered in calculating the
maximum release rate from a cylinder.
3) Where cylinders are manifolded together, the
maximum release rate shall be the sum of the
release rates for all the manifolded cylinders.

X. Secondary Containment
1) Secondary containment systems shall be ap-
proved and tested on a case by case basis by
individual jurisdictions.
2) Secondary containment may not be required for
systems operating under subatmospheric condi-
tions (i.e. vacuum piping systems) if it is demon-
strated that equivalent protection is provided. For
example, when the system is equipped with an
alarm and a fail-safe-to-close valve activated by a
loss in vacuum pressure.

XI. Portable Tanks and Cylinders


4) Excess flow control valves, as defined in CFC,
Chapter 37, shall be permanently marked to

12 - Synopsis
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
indicate the maximum designed flow rate, based
on air under standard conditions.
5) Encapsulating equipment designed to contain
high pressure cylinders and their contents, as
approved by the Fire Chief, shall be acceptable in
meeting the intent of providing a gas cabinet or
exhausted enclosure for leaking gas cylinders.
XII. Inert Gas Purge Systems
1) A dedicated inert gas purge system may be used
to purge more than one gas provided that the gases
are compatible.
2) Purge gas systems must be located in an ap-
proved gas cabinet unless the system operates by
vacuum demand.
XIII. Existing Ammonia Refrigeration Systems
1) In facilities where ammonia refrigeration systems
store more than the Max T.Q. (8,000 lbs.) in a single
vessel, automatic valves shall be used to isolate zone
areas or equipment areas to less than the Max T.Q.
Isolation shall be achieved by shutting off the liquid
supply to an area within the system. The isolated area
shall then be evacuated by suction from the compressor.
A. The isolated area shall not contain more than 8,000
lbs. of ammonia (calculated at normal temperature and
pressure), and shall provide pressure relief for
both gas and liquid. Pressure relief devices shall
be directly connected to one or more of the
following:
1. enclosed expansion chamber
2. exhausted enclosure

Synopsis - 13
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
3. treatment
B. Automatic isolation shall be provided for:
1. seismic, fire, or other remote location alarm
2. ammonia detection at 100 ppm, or at a concentra-
tion acceptable to the individual jurisdiction, not to
exceed 250 ppm
3. emergency power failure
4. exhaust system failure
2) Redundant ammonia gas detection shall be used
to monitor non-welded connections located within
non-exhausted enclosures.
A. Pipe valves shall meet current, nationally
recognized standards (A.S.M.E./A.N.S.I. or
ASHRAE Standards) for threaded and flanged
valves.
B. Sensors shall automatically isolate zone or
equipment areas upon detection at 100 ppm, or at a
concentration acceptable to the individual jurisdic-
tion, not to exceed 250 ppm.
C. Gas sensors shall be tested, at the discretion
of the individual jurisdiction.
3) Approved vacuum procedures shall be used to
purge an ammonia refrigeration system.
A. Information shall be submitted to the indi-
vidual jurisdiction which documents the vacuum
purge procedure. Such information shall, at a
minimum, include:
1. valve sequencing
2. ammonia flow directions
3. destination vessels

14 - Synopsis
TOXIC GAS ORDINANCE
SYNOPSIS
B. A demonstration of the ammonia vacuum
purge method (i.e. the procedure used for a leak
repair) shall be performed at the discre tion of
the individual jurisdiction.
4) Appropriate nationally recognized standards
shall be used to verify a “tight” system.
A. Information shall be submitted to the indi-
vidual jurisdiction which documents that the
system has passed pressure testing in accordance
with current, nationally recognized standards for
pressure testing ammonia systems.
B. An ammonia gas sensing device, approved by
the individual jurisdiction, shall be used to
verify a “tight” system by a qualified, indepen-
dent testing firm or during inspection con-
ducted by the individual jurisdiction. Addi-
tional pressure testing (at 150% of maximum
anticipated operating pressure) may be re-
quired at the discretion of the individual
jurisdiction.
C. Optional pressure testing (at 250% of maximum
anticipated operating pressure) may be required at
the discretion of the individual jurisdiction.
N. Conclusion.
Please note that this synopsis is only intended to
serve as a set of guidelines. It is not to be used for
design purposes without due consultation of the
TGO and in accordance with local jurisdiction.

Copyright c All rights reserved by the South Bay


Piping Industry and Reinhard Hanselka.
Synopsis - 15
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
16 - Requirements

CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III MTQ

Regulated Material - Hazardous Material X X X X


General Obligation Storage & Use X X X X
Permit - Storage & Use X X X X
Compliance Plan X X X X
Plant Closure Plan X X X X
Seismic Protection - Seismic Bracing X X X X
Leak Testing - Material Delivery X X X X
Protective Plugs & Caps in place - Safety X X X X
Emergency Response Plan X X X X
Emergency Response On-Site Team X X X X
Emergency Drills - 3-Month intervals X X X X
Annual Maintenance - Safety Test X X X X
Flow-Limiting Orifices & Devices for Class I X NA NA NA
Fire Extinguishing System - Automatic Fire Sprinkler X X X X
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III MTQ
Automatic Shut Off For:
Gas Detection X
Manual - Remote X
Power Failure X
Seismic Activity X X
Primary Containment Failure X
Activation of Manual Fire Alarm X
Emergency Control Station:
Staffed during hazardous material use X
Requirements - 17

Local Gas Shut Off Required For:


Source and Point of Use X X
Emergency Power For:
Exhaust Ventilation X X
Treatment System X X
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
18 - Requirements

CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III MTQ


Gas Detection System X X
Emergency Alarm System X X
Temperature Control X X
Excess Flow Control X X
Gas Detection X X
Reduced Flow Valves X X
Seismic Shutoff Valves X X
Class II Corrosives:
Primary Piping Inert - w/o 2nd Containment: X
Primary Piping Not Inert - w/2nd Containment: X
Emergency Alarms X X X
Emergency Telephone in Corridor for:
Chemical Distribution X
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III MTQ
Signage:
Tank Placards Hazardous Signage X X X
No Smoking X X X
Inert Gas Purge System X X X
Dedicated Purge System X X X
Exhaust Ventilation System:
Gas Cabinets (Storage Room) X X X X
Separate Storage Room X X X X
Separate Gas Cabinet Exhaust System X X X X
Requirements - 19

Treatment System X X X X
Gas Cabinets:
Operated at Negative Pressure X X X X
Self-Closing Openings X X X X
Connected to Treatment System X X X X
Minimum of 12-Gauge Steel X X X X
20 - Requirements

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III MTQ
Treatment System:
Process all Exhaust to 1/2 IDLH at Discharge X X X X
Design to realistic worst case for multiple gases X X X X
Treatment System Sizing:
Design for worst case (one tank) X X X X
Stationary Tanks:
Labeled with Max Release Rate (CFM) X X X X
Rated for Highest Flow (CFM STP) X X X X
Liquid Flow Supercedes Gas Flow (CFM STP) X X X X
Portable Tanks and Cylinders - Max Release Rate:
Calculate Max Flow Release to 100% Tank Volume X X X X
Reduced Flow Valves, Sets Max Flow Rate X X X X
COMMON TOXIC GASES AS DEFINED BY THE TGO
CAS No./ UBC/CFC TGO MAX
GAS & FORMULA UN No. CLASS 1 CLASS 2 IDLH 3 LC 50 4 LOC TQ PEL 5

Ammonia - NH 3 7664-41-7 Corrosive 6,7 III 300 ppm 4000 ppm 30 ppm 8000 lbs 50 ppm
UN1005 Flammable
Arsine - AsH 3 7784-42-1 Highly Toxic I 3 ppm 20 ppm 0.3 ppm N/A 0.05 ppm
UN2188 Flammable
Boron Tribromide - Bbr 3 10294-33-4 Toxic II 50 ppm 380 ppm 5 ppm 760 lbs 1 ppm ©
UN2692 WR-2
8
Boron Trichloride - BCl 3 10294-34-5 Corrosive6 II 25 ppm 2541 ppm 2.5 ppm 5082 lbs 5 ppm
UN1741 WR-1
Boron Trifluoride - BF3 7637-07-2 Toxic II 25 ppm 806 ppm 2.5 ppm 1612 lbs 1 ppm ©
UN1008 WR-1
Bromine - Br 2 7726-95-6 HighlyToxic I 3 ppm 113 ppm 0.3 ppm N/A 0.1 ppm
Common Gases - 21

UN1744 Corrosive
Oxidizer
6
Carbon Monoxide - CO 630-08-0 Flammable III 1200 ppm 3760 ppm 120 ppm 7520 lbs 50 ppm
UN1016
Chlorine - Cl 2 7782-50-5 Toxic II 10 ppm 293 ppm 1 ppm 586 lbs 1 ppm ©
UN1017 Corrosive
Oxidizer
Chlorine Dioxide - ClO 2 10049-04-4 Toxic UR-3 II 5 ppm 250 ppm 0.5 ppm 500 lbs 0.1 ppm
NA9191 Oxidizer WR-1
22 - Common Gases

COMMON TOXIC GASES AS DEFINED BY THE TGO


CAS No./ UBC/CFC TGO MAX
GAS & FORMULA UN No. CLASS 1 CLASS 2
IDLH 3 LC 50 4 LOC TQ PEL 5

Chlorine Trifluoride - ClF3 7790-91-2 Toxic II 20 ppm 299 ppm 2 ppm 598 lbs 0.1 ppm ©
UN1749 Oxidizer WR-3
Diborane - B 2 H 6 19278-45-7 Highly Toxic I 15 ppm 80 ppm 1.5 ppm N/A 0.1 ppm
UN1911 Flammable WR-2
Dichlorosilane - SiH 2 Cl 2 (HCl) 4109-96-0 Toxic II 50 ppm 314 ppm 5 ppm 628 lbs 5 ppm ©
UN2189 Corrosive
Flammable
6
Ethylene Oxide - C 2 H 40 75-21-8 Flammable III 800 ppm 4350 ppm 80 ppm 8700 lbs 1 ppm
UN1040 UR-3
Fluorine - F 2 7782-41-4 Highly Toxic I 25 ppm 185 ppm 2.5 ppm N/A 0.1 ppm
UN1045 Oxidizer
8 9
Germane - GeH 4 7782-65-2 UR-3 Toxic II 6 ppm 622 ppm 0.6 ppm 1244 lbs 0.2 ppm
UN2192 Flammable
6
Hydrogen Bromide - HBr 10035-10-6 Corrosive II 30 ppm 2860 ppm 3 ppm 5720 lbs 3 ppm
UN1048
6
Hydrogen Chloride - HCl 7647-01-0 Corrosive II 50 ppm 2810 ppm 5 ppm 5620 lbs 5 ppm ©
UN1050
Hydrogen Cyanide - HCN 74-90-8 Highly Toxic I 50 ppm 40 ppm 5 ppm N/A 10 ppm
UN1051 Flammable
COMMON TOXIC GASES AS DEFINED BY THE TGO
CAS No./ UBC/CFC TGO MAX
GAS & FORMULA UN No. CLASS 1 CLASS 2 IDLH 3 LC 50 4 LOC TQ PEL 5

Hydrogen Fluoride - HF 7664-39-3 Toxic II 30 ppm 1300 ppm 3 ppm 2600 lbs 3 ppm
UN1052
Hydrogen Selenide - H 2 Se 7783-07-5 Highly Toxic I 1 ppm 2 ppm 0.1 ppm N/A 0.05 ppm
UN2202 Flammable
Hydrogen Sulfide - H 2 S 7783-06-4 Toxic II 100 ppm 712 ppm 10 ppm 1424 lbs 20 ppm
UN1053 Flammable
Methyl Bromide - CH 3 Br 74-83-9 Toxic II 250 ppm 1007 ppm 25 ppm 2014 lbs 20 ppm ©
UN1062 Flammable

Methylisocyanate - CH 3 NCO 624-83-9 Highly Toxic I 3 ppm 22 ppm 0.3 ppm N/A 0.02 ppm
UN2480 Flammable WR-2
Common Gases - 23

Methyl Mercaptan - CH 3 SH 74-93-1 Toxic II 150 ppm 1350 ppm 15 ppm 2700 lbs 10 ppm ©
UN1064 Flammable
Nickel Carbonyl - Ni(CO)4 13463-39-3 Highly Tox. I 2 ppm 18 ppm 0.2 ppm N/A 0.001 ppm
UN1259 UR-3
Flammable WR-1
Nitric Oxide - NO 10102-43-9 Highly Toxic I 100 ppm 115 ppm 10 ppm N/A 25 ppm
UN1660 Oxidizer
Nitrogen Dioxide - NO 2 10102-44-0 Highly Toxic I 20 ppm 115 ppm 2 ppm N/A 5 ppm ©
UN1067 Oxidizer WR-1
24 - Common Gases

COMMON TOXIC GASES AS DEFINED BY THE TGO


CAS No./ UBC/CFC TGO MAX
GAS & FORMULA UN No. CLASS 1 CLASS 2
IDLH 3 LC 50 4 LOC TQ PEL 5

Phosgene - COCl 2 75-44-5 Highly Toxic I 2 ppm 5 ppm 0.2 ppm N/A 0.1 ppm
UN1076 WR-1
Phosphine - PH 3 7803-51-2 Highly Toxic I 50 ppm 20 ppm 5 ppm N/A 0.3 ppm
UN2199 Pyrophoric
8 8,9
Phosphorus Oxychloride - POCl 3 10025-87-3 Highly Toxic I 0.96 ppm 96 ppm 0.096 ppm N/A 0.1 ppm
UN1810 WR-2
8
Phosphorus Pentafluoride - PF 5 7647-19-0 Toxic II 2.6 ppm 260 ppm 0.26 ppm 520 lbs 3 ppm
UN2198 Oxidizer WR-1
Phosphorus Trichloride - PCl 3 7719-12-2 Toxic UR-2 II 25 ppm 208 ppm 2.5 ppm 416 lbs 0.5 ppm
UN1809 WR-2 Oxidizer
Selenium Hexafluoride - SeF6 7783-79-1 Highly Toxic I 2 ppm 50 ppm 0.2 ppm N/A 0.05 ppm
UN2194 (as Se)
Silicon Tetrachloride - SiCl 4 (HCl) 10026-04-7 Toxic II 50 ppm 750 ppm 5 ppm 1500 lbs 5 ppm ©
UN1818 Corrosive
Silicon Tetrafluoride - SiF4 (HF) 7783-61-1 Toxic II 30 ppm 450 ppm 3 ppm 900 lbs 0.1 ppm
UN1859 WR-2
Stibine - SbH 3 7803-52-3 Highly Toxic I 5 ppm 20 ppm 0.5 ppm N/A 0.1 ppm
UN2676 Flammable
COMMON TOXIC GASES AS DEFINED BY THE TGO
CAS No./ UBC/CFC TGO MAX
2
GAS & FORMULA UN No. CLASS 1 CLASS IDLH 3 LC 50 4 LOC TQ PEL 5
6
Sulfur Dioxide - SO2 7446-09-5 Corrosive II 100 ppm 2520 ppm 10 ppm 5040 lbs 5 ppm
UN1079
6
Sulfuryl Fluoride - SO2 F 2 2699-79-8 Corrosive III 200 ppm 3020 ppm 20 ppm 6040 lbs 5 ppm
UN2191
Tellurium Hexafluoride - TeF6 7783-80-4 Highly Toxic I 1 ppm 25 ppm 0.1 ppm N/A 0.02 ppm
UN2195 (as Te)
Titanium Tetrachloride - TiCl 4 7550-45-0 Highly Toxic I 1.3 ppm 119 ppm 0.13 ppm N/A
UN1838 Corrosive
WR-2
Tungsten Hexafluoride - WF 6 7783-82-6 Toxic II 30 ppm 217 ppm 3 ppm 434 lbs 0.1 ppm
(HF) UN2196 Corrosive
WR-2
Notes:
Common Gases - 25

1. Class as defined in CFC: 1.) Health Hazards per Article 2; Highly Toxic = < 200 LC50, Toxic = 200 - 2,000 LC50. 2.) Physical
Hazards per UFC Standard 79-3.
2. TGO Class Defined As: Class I = < 200 LC50, Class II = 200 - 3000 LC 50, Class III = 3001 - 5000 LC 50
3. IDLH values published in 2005 by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
4. LC50 data: Lowest reported value, 1 hour adjusted, taken from DOT, CGA, RTECS.
5. PEL values published by OSHA (29 CFR, part 1910.1000, Table Z-1) dated 7/1/95. OSHA values used if available, otherwise
TLV from ACGIH or Cal OSHA values used. © = Ceiling Limit.
6. Moderately toxic as adopted by the cities of San Jose, Santa Clara, and Milpitas: LC50 = 2,000 - 5000.
7. When used as a refrigerant, UBC Class does not apply. See TGO consensus guidelines for additional information regarding
ammonia refrigeration systems. 9. Cal OSHA PEL, Title 8, Section 5155, 9/1/95.
10. Threshold Limit Va lues (TLV) from the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (1994-1995).
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

ACCO Engineered Systems


1133 Aladdin Ave.
San Leandro, CA 94577
Phone: 510.346.4300
FAX: 510.347.1317
Contact: John Hansen (Project Group
Manager)
Specialties: Your needs are our focus here at
ACCO. Our goal is to provide cost effective
solutions to your demanding projects. Whether
it requires basic plumbing or complex chemical
handling, our team will deliver a quality instal-
lation on-time and on budget.
Plan & Spec, Design/Build or Assist, our spe-
cialists can provide products and services to
meet your needs. From Bio-technology and
organic synthesis, to semi-conductor and pho-
tonics fabrication, we install process systems to
meet your manufacturing needs. For more
information, see us on the web at
www.accoes.com.
Established 1934
Service Area: Western United States
26 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Air Systems Inc.


940 Remillard Court
San Jose, CA 95122
Phone: 408.280.1666
FAX: 408.280.1020
Contact: Art Williams
Specialties: Process Piping, Gas Panels & Valve
Sticks, Plumbing, Clean Rooms, Energy
Management Systems, Process Controls &
Automation, Laser Aided Technology, C.R.P.
Distributor & Installer, Bio-Pharmaceutical,
Telecom & Data Centers, Commercial & Retail
Complexes, Electrical Systems & Services, HVAC
Service & Preventative Maintenance,
Design/Build Engineering, Architectural Sheet
Metal, HVAC Systems.
Service Area: National Market Coverage

Directory - 27
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

DEBELLA
MECHANICAL, INC.
De Bella Mechanical, Inc.
625 Nuttman Street
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone: 408.980.8741 • Fax: 408.980.8744
Contact: Paul De Bella
E-mail: office@debellamech.com
Specialties: De Bella Mechanical, Inc. was founded in 1987 and
has now enjoyed over twenty years of continued success as a
mechanical contracting company.
From our inception as an Ultra High Purity (UHP) Process Piping
contractor serving the high tech microelectronics/semiconductor
industry, DMI has evolved into a full service mechanical serving
the High-tech, Biotech, and Biopharmaceutical industries, as well
as standard commercial HVAC plumbing.
As a full service mechanical contractor, De Bella Mechanical, Inc.
is working with all forms of piping and sheet metal applications,
as well as providing preventative maintenance and 24-hour
service to our clients.
Our facilities houses welding and fabrication bays for both sheet
metal andpiping, including a Class 100 clean room designed for
pre-fabrication of custom high purity valve manifolds and gas
panels with the most experienced and professional staff you
could hope for.
We believe our persinalized, high quality service and commtment
to customer satisfaction separates De Bella Mechanical, Inc. from
our competition by delivering positive results with innovative
solutions.
Service Area: West Coast and Hawaii
28 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Your C
ep o
Ke e
ol s
Me

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or
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c al C ontra
a

Environmental Systems Inc.


3353 De La Cruz Blvd.
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone: 408.980.1711
FAX: 408.980.0714
Contact: Chris Enfantino
Steve Meyer
Specialties: Design Build Systems for piping,
plumbing and HVAC; environmental chambers,
chiller replacement; double-containment pip-
ing, high-purity gas and liquid piping, vacuum
piping; biotech, certified clean rooms, metal
fabrication, service and maintenance for all
systems.
Established in 1975.
Service area: California

e-mail: esi@esite.net

Directory - 29
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Ray L. Hellwig Mechanical, Inc.


Ray L. Hellwig Service Co., Inc.
1301 Laurelwood Road
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Contact: Lewis Louie
Plumbing, Process Piping
and HVAC Wet Side
Phone: 408.727.5612
FAX: 408.727.5619
Lonnie Michael, III
Sheet Metal and HVAC Dry Side
Phone: 408.727.5080
FAX: 408.727.5409
Doug Sudhi
Service and Equipment Start-Up
Phone: 408.727.8362
FAX: 408.727.1693
Specialties: High-purity gas and liquid piping;
deionized water systems; chemical distribution sys-
tems; toxic and hazardous waste; cryogenics
process vacuum systems and other process systems;
clean room process equipment hook-up and fume
scrubbing exhaust systems; demolition of contami-
nated piping and exhaust systems with hazardous-
waste-operations-trained employees; quality plumb-
ing, heating and air conditioning systems, medical
gas systems and OSHPD projects.
Service area: Greater San Francisco Bay Area and
Sacramento region.
30 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

W.L. Hickey Sons, Inc


P.O. Box 61209
190 Commercial St.
Sunnyale, CA 94088
Contact: Roger Campbell
T - 408.736.4938
F - 408.736.4055
Email - rcampbell@wlhs.com
Website: www.wlhs.com
Specialties:
W.L. Hickey Sons, Inc is a company which has been
installing quality plumbing systems for over 104 years.
The company has played an integral part in the
expansion of the Greater San Francisco Bay Area and
surrounding areas. Our company prides itself on being
one of the few conrtrctors to do both commercial and
residentioal plumbing installations. This diversity has
enabled us to do projects frommanufacturing facilities,
distribution centers, multi-story office buildings, hotels,
motels, restaurants, medical facilities, historical
buildings, apartment complexes, along with over ten
thousand residential homes.
Service Area: Greater San Francisco Bay Area
and surrounding regions.
Directory - 31
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

ICOM Mechanical, Inc.


477 Burke St.
San Jose, CA 95112
Phone: 408.792.2200
FAX: 408.292.4968
Contact: Dan Littleton
danl@icominc.com

Specialties: ICOM Mechanical, Inc. was founded


in 1981 with the intent to provide clients with
the most professional, highest quality service pos-
sible. Our firm represents excellence in design,
installation, maintenance and repair of HVAC,
process piping systems and plumbing.
ICOM is comprised of the following departments:
• Design and Engineering — HVAC,
Process Piping, Controls, Plumbing
• Construction — HVAC, Process Piping,
Plumbing, Controls
• Service — Commissioning (Start-up),
Maintenance & Repair on Mechanical Systems,
Back Flow Prevention, Environmental and
Process Controls, 24 Hour Emergency Repair
Service area: West Coast
ISO 9001 Certified
32 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Kinetics
48400 Fremont Blvd.
Fremont, CA 94538

Phone: 510.683.6000
FAX: 510.683.6001
www.kinetics.com

Specialties: Kinetics is a leading provider of


high-purity process systems to the semiconduc-
tor, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical indus-
tries. Kinetics offers a full range of products
and services including engineering, design fab-
rication, installation, chemical and slurry dis-
tribution, chillers, gas panels, MFCs, modular
gas systems, HVAC, and QA/QC. With 25 years
of experience, and resources spanning the
globe. Kinetics offers turnkey, design/build
solutions with the assurance of single-source
accountability.
Service area: West Coast

Directory - 33
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

O.C. McDonald Co., Inc.


1150 W. San Carlos St.
San Jose, CA 95126
Phone: 408.295.2182
FAX: 408.295.0626
email: ocm@ocmcdonald.com
web: www.ocmcdonald.com
Contact: Service Department for
*Certified Specialists
Specialties: Serving — Biotech Facilities; Pharmaceutical;
Semiconductor; Disc Manufacturers; Chemical Companies;
Telecommunication; Aerospace; Utilities; Government
Bldgs.; Manufacturing; Hospitals; Apartments; Hotels;
Office Complexes; Food Processing; High Rise Buildings;
General Contractors; Industrial Plants; Airports.
Isolation Containment — All Sizes up to 12"; Pressure
Vacuum Breakers; Double Check Valves; Reduced Pressure
Assemblies; Cross Connection; Custom Service Plan to
test, survey, repair, and certify all devices Annually.
Other Specialties — High Purity Process Piping; Medical
Gas Stations; Stainless Steel Piping; Mechanical & HVAC
Systems; Clean Room Fabrication; Ultra Pure Water
Systems; Preventive Maintenance For HVAC Systems.
Service Area: Santa Clara County, Alameda County, San
Mateo County, Santa Cruz, Carmel and the Central Valley.
34 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

PARAGON
MECHANICAL INC.

Paragon Mechanical Inc.


2460 Dela Cruz Blvd
Santa Clara, CA 95050
Phone: 408.727.7303
FAX: 408.566.6190
Contact: John Watson/Jeff Miller
Specialties: Design/Build; Microelectronics;
Bio-Pharmaceutical; Clean Rooms; Cryogenics;
Service Dept; Aerospace; Commercial & Industrial;
Hydronics; Laboratories; Medical Gases; Process
Piping; HVAC; Architectural Sheet Metal; and
Metal Roofing. Quality Craftsmanship.

Service Area: California

Directory - 35
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Purity Systems, Inc.


2109 O’Toole Ave., Suite I
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone: 408.435.9119
FAX: 408.435.1155
email: anthonya@puritysystems.com
shawnl@puritysystems.com
Contact: Anthony Aguillon
Shawn Lambeth
Specialties: Purity Systems, Inc. has provided
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services to
Microelectronics, Biotech, Pharmaceutical, and Aerospace
Industries since 1984. We specialize in Quality Assurance
Inspection and Testing of Ultra High Purity Process Piping
Systems including: Analytical Testing PPB range; Helium
Leak Detection, Borescope Inspection, Code Consulting,
HazMat Consulting, Design and Specification Review,
Metallurgical Consulting, Corrosion Consulting, ASME
Code Compliance, and Failure Analysis.
All Inspectors and Technicians are qualified to ASNT-SNT-
TC-1A MSLT Level II or VT Level II. On staff P.E.
Welding/Metallurgical Engineer & PhD Material Scientist.
Purity Systems is your partner in Quality
A veteran owned business.
36 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Southland Industries
775 Commercial Street
San Jose, CA 95112
Phone: 408.970.3777
FAX: 408.970.3776
www.southlandind.com
Contact: Scott Muxen
Specialties: As the 6th largest design build
mechanical contractor in the nation SI is
focused on our core purpose of "Building
Customers for Life".
SI specializes in design and construction of
HVAC, Plumbing, Process Piping systems, and
the service of them.
We have extensive experience in semiconduc-
tor, biotechnology, industrial, and commercial
applications. Call us and put our 55+ years of
experience to work for you helping with solu-
tions to your facilities needs.
Service Area: Nationwide

Directory - 37
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

Therma, Inc.
1601 Las Plumas Avenue
San Jose, CA 95133-1613
Phone: 408.347.3400
FAX: 408.347.3434
www.therma.com
Contact: Service Department
Specialties: Founded in 1967, Therma is the
largest full service mechanical contractor in
the Bay Area. Our focus has been on the multi-
faceted needs of the industrial, commercial,
electronic, and biopharmaceutical users. Our
installers include HVAC, Piping and Plumbing
projects throughout California.

38 - Directory
DIRECTORY OF CONTRACTORS

THERMAL
MECHANICAL

Thermal Mechanical Inc.


425 Aldo Avenue
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone: 408.988.8744
FAX: 408.988.0233
Contact: Richard Rood
thermal@thermalmech.com
Specialties: Commercial and industrial process
piping; plumbing; HVAC; design and installa-
tion; clean rooms; low-temperature and envi-
ronmental systems; special applications.
Design, Sales, Construction and Service
Department serving the San Francisco Bay
Area.
Since 1969.

Directory - 39
South Bay
Piping Industry
Get the Job
Done Right!
• Construction • Service & Repair
• Scheduled Maintenance • Plumbing
• High-Purity Systems • Air Conditioning
• Refrigeration
South Bay Piping Industry contractors keep pace
with swiftly advancing technology in industries like
green construction, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals,
energy management and health care. They're team
players, all the way from initial design through
construction to maintenance.
Only South Bay Piping Industry contractors come
to the job with technicians that have the
comprehensive training and skills certification
provided by the Pipe Trades Training Center in San
Jose. To stay ahead of the curve of advancing
technology requires a commitment to training and
education. Training Center programs allow our
technicians to master their skills and keep them up-
to-date.
Together, our contractors and technicians give our
customers the peace of mind of knowing the job's
done right. Visit our website - www.sbaypipe.org.
"Protecting the health and safety of our
community for over 100 years"
40 - Directory
QUALIFIED CONTRACTORS
Name Page
ACCO Engineered Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Air Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
De Bella Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Environmental Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Ray L. Hellwig Plumbing & Heating, Inc. . . . . . . . .30
W. L. Hickey Sons, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
ICOM Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Kinetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
O.C. McDonald Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Paragon Mechanical Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Purity Systems, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Southland Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Therma, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Thermal Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

TOXIC GAS
ORDINANCE
DATA BOOK
A Guide to the
A Guide to the
Latest
Latest Regulations
Regulations
Plus Certified Contractors
South Bay Piping Industry
Labor/Management Trust
400 Reed Street, PO Box 58032
Santa Clara, CA 95052
408.970.8578
Visit us on the web at www.sbaypipe.org/tgo/
QUALIFIED CONTRACTORS
Name Page
ACCO Engineered Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Air Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
De Bella Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Environmental Systems Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Ray L. Hellwig Plumbing & Heating, Inc. . . . . . . . .30
W. L. Hickey Sons, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
ICOM Mechanical, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Kinetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
O.C. McDonald Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Paragon Mechanical Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Purity Systems, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Southland Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Therma, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Thermal Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

TOXIC GAS
ORDINANCE
DATA BOOK
A Guide to the
A Guide to the
Latest
Latest Regulations
Regulations
Plus Certified Contractors
South Bay Piping Industry
Labor/Management Trust
400 Reed Street, PO Box 58032
Santa Clara, CA 95052
408.970.8578
Visit us on the web at www.sbaypipe.org/tgo/

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