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KemGuard® 2420 KEY BENEFITS

Fluorescent-Tagged Scale Inhibitor BEST PERFORMANCE


AGAINST OILFIELD
SULFATE SCALES
TAGGED POLYMERIC INHIBITOR IMPROVES TREATMENT
DIFFERENTIATED
CONTROL AND DETECTABILITY IN OILFIELD OPERATIONS DETECTION

Mineral deposition is a major concern for the oil and gas industry, causing PEACE OF MIND
severe disruptions in production and failure of safety-critical components. The THROUGH ENHANCED
ability to mitigate mineral scaling through scale inhibitor application in oilfield DETECTABILITY
waters is critical for operators.
IMPROVED PRODUCTION
Kemira has developed KemGuard® 2420 fluorescent-tagged polymeric OPTIMIZATION
inhibitor to improve treatment control and detectability. This innovative
technology provides oilfield operators with the ability to monitor residual IMPROVED SCHEDULING
levels down to low minimum inhibitor concentration (MIC) onsite, delivering & TREATMENT OF WELLS
flow assurance and maximizing uptime.

KemGuard 2420 is a scale-inhibiting polymer incorporating a fluorescent


tag for enhanced detectability. Using spectrofluorometry, it is now possible
to accurately determine residual inhibitor concentration levels in produced
water on location. Proprietary, quick pre–treatment steps are used to
remove background fluorescence, often found in produced waters. These KemGuard 2420 scale
follow a simple instrument calibration, where signal intensity is correlated inhibitor provides oilfield
to product concentration. operators with accurate
on-site analysis using
KemGuard 2420 has been field tested in the North Sea on scale squeeze unique and discreet
deployment in sandstone formations, where good, long squeeze-life was fluorescent tagging. This
obtained. Fluorescent detection, with pre-cleaning steps, was used to innovative technology
determine concentration levels without the need to pre-concentrate the is suitable for downhole
squeeze application.
return samples. Detection was achieved down to low single-digit ppm levels,
providing the field operator with treatment analysis over the full squeeze-life.
KemGuard 2420 scale inhibitor was developed to work with its parent technology, KemGuard 269, and phosphorous-
tagged KemGuard 2490. Combining deployment of the multiple, similar yet distinctive chemistries into separate
subsea wells or production zones where produced fluids are routed through a single co-mingled flow line, allows for
multi-detectability of the residual inhibitor concentrations. The benefits for production optimization and treatment
scheduling are significant, and may include the ability to tie new discoveries to existing host-production facilities
delivering a fit-for-purpose scale management program with significantly reduced project capital expenditure.

BARIUM SULFATE INHIBITION WITH KEMGUARD 2420 & 269

120

100
Percent Inhibition (%)

80
KemGuard 269
60

40
KemGuard 2420

20

0
0.90 1.40 1.90 2.40 2.90
Active Inhibitor Dosage (ppm)

Performance data illustrates BaSO4 inhibition benefits of KemGuard 2420


compared to best-in-class KemGuard 269 in oilfield brines. Testing simulated
severe barium sulphate scaling tendency of 3.1 at 20°C in static jar tests. Full
inhibition was reached at similar active inhibitor concentration of only 2.7 ppm.

BARIUM SULFATE INHIBITION WITH KEMGUARD 2420 & 269 UNDER DYNAMIC CONDITIONS

12
KemGuard 269
10
Differential Pressure (psi)

Ba 225 ppm Barium sulphate inhibition


SO4 1,480 ppm KemGuard 2420
Na 10,890 ppm was also tested using
8 Cl 18,900 ppm dynamic conditions simulated
Mg 720 ppm
Ca 390 ppm with PMAC equipment. Water
6 K 312 ppm scaling tendency of 3.15 was
Sr 21ppm
80ºC simulated with the addition of
4 15 psi 225 ppm of barium and 1480
ppm of SO4, at a temperature
2
of 80°C and 15 psi. Again,
KemGuard 2420 fluorescent-
0
0 20 40 60 80 100 tagged inhibitor showed
Time (min) similar levels of inhibition to
KemGuard 269.
KEMGUARD 2420 SCREENING TEST RESULTS 200°C Slanhydrite=1

4.0
3.5
Differential Pressure (PSI)

3.0 No Inhibitor
2.5
2.0
KemGuard 2420
1.5
10 mg/L 5 mg/L 3 mg/L 1 mg/L
1.0
0.5

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
Time (min)

Critical to scale squeeze inhibition performance is product stability


at downhole temperature. Results from an external oilfield research
laboratory show favorable performance with KemGuard 2420 for
anhydrite scale inhibition when product was subjected to 200°C.
Specifically, anhydrite scale formation was simulated to ascertain
product performance for potential application where downhole
capillary injection of the inhibitor would be applied in production
wells receiving assisted recovery from a large steamflood operation.

KEMGUARD 2420 CALCIUM TOLERANCE

100
90
% Transmission @ 420 nm

80 KemGuard 2420
70
KemGuard 2700
60
BHTPMP
50
40 DTPMP
30
20
0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000
Scale Inhibitor (ppm)

Significant improvement in tolerance of calcium in brine conditions compared


to Bis(hexamethylene)triamine Penta(methylenephosphonic acid (BHPTMT) and
Diethylene Triamine Penta(Methylene Phosphonic Acid) (DTPMP) demonstrates
an enhanced seawater tolerance . Under these conditions, KemGuard 2420
retains solubility and is available to inhibit scale nucleation and crystal growth.
LET US SHOW YOU HOW OUR TECHNOLOGY CAN WORK FOR YOU
Where oilfield scaling operations call for unique solutions, Kemira’s
KemGuard technology with its novel tagged derivatives can be the
answer. Let us show you how our innovative products and applications
expertise can help improve your operations.

oilandmining@kemira.com
www.kemira.com

Kemira makes this information available as an accommodation to its customers and it is intended to be solely a guide in customer’s evaluation of the products. You must test our products,
to determine if they are suitable for your intended uses and applications, as well as from the health, safety and environmental standpoint. You must also instruct your employees, agents,
contractors, customers or any third party which may be exposed to the products about all applicable precautions. All information and technical assistance is given without warranty or guarantee
and is subject to change without notice. You assume full liability and responsibility for compliance with all information and precautions, and with all laws, statutes, ordinances and regulations
of any governmental authority applicable to the processing, transportation, delivery, unloading, discharge, storage, handling, sale and use of each product. Nothing herein shall be construed as a
recommendation to use any product in conflict with patents covering any material or its use.
KemGuard is a registered trademark of Kemira Oyj or its subsidiaries.
6/2015