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OUTCOMES

PRE-INTERMEDIATE
and the Common European Framework of Reference

A2 – B1 David A. Hill
Introduction
What is the Common European Framework of the global levels, described as A2+, B2+, etc. The main levels
Reference? are summarised below:
The Council of Europe has developed the Common European
Students can use the language
Framework of Reference for Languages (or CEFR for short)
C2 Mastery precisely and fluently with near
with a view to promoting language teaching and learning native competence.
within Europe, and to provide a framework which permits Proficient
Effective Students are proficient in the
the comparison of individuals’ language levels in an
C1 Operational language and have a wide range
impartial way. of vocabulary.
Proficiency
What are the aims of the CEFR? Students are able to express
While the CEFR does not dictate a single method of teaching B2 Vantage themselves in increasingly
and learning, it encourages teachers and course providers to Independent abstract ways.
reconsider their course content, approach and assessment Students at this level can maintain
B1 Threshold
based on some core principles. These are stated at the beginning conversations.
of the book: Students are able to get by in
A2 Waystage an increasing range of social
1. To ensure that all sections of their populations have access to
Basic situations.
effective means of acquiring a knowledge of the languages
of other member states [. . .] as well as the skills in the use Students can express themselves
A1 Breakthrough
of those languages that will enable them to satisfy their in simple, basic language.
communicative needs [. . .]
Based on these global descriptions of the six levels, the CEFR
1.1 to deal with the business of everyday life in another
illustrates how these can be applied to a language user’s ability
country, and to help foreigners staying in their own
in the specific domains and skills we mentioned before. For
country to do so;
example, for Conversation, A1 level is described as ‘Can ask how
1.2 to exchange information and ideas with young people
people are and react to news’ and C2 as ‘Can use language flexibly
and adults who speak a different language and to
and effectively for social purposes’. This means language users
communicate their thoughts and feelings to them;
are able to describe their abilities more accurately, showing a
1.3 to achieve a wider and deeper understanding of the way
higher level in social situations than, say, academic writing and
of life and forms of thought of other peoples and of their
discussions.
cultural heritage.
2. To promote, encourage and support the efforts of teachers and CEFR levels, coursebooks and Outcomes
learners at all levels to apply in their own situation the principles It is important to realize that the CEFR is not a syllabus and
of the construction of language-learning systems [. . .] does not provide scales for every possible language situations
2.1 by basing language teaching and learning on the needs, for students. For example, a student’s needs and motivation
motivations, characteristics and resources of learners; may lead them to the task of talking about football (not
2.2  by defining worthwhile and realistic objectives as exemplified in the CEFR!). However, we can construct a scale
explicitly as possible; based on the global and specific scales in the CEFR and say
2.3 by developing appropriate methods and materials. that an A1 student ‘can exchange basic opinions on matches,
players and teams’, but a C2 student ‘can describe matches
Working from these principles the CEFR encourages us to think
and incidents in detail, using a range of language including
about the ‘domains’ in which we use language – social, public,
colloquial expressions and jargon’. As a teacher or materials
occupational and educational. It then suggests we consider
writer we can then think of the language students will need to
specific situations within these domains: the people we might
achieve these levels and how we might present and practise it.
need to interact with, the objects we may use, the things we
Furthermore, the can-do statements describe achievement
may read or listen to and the things we may need to do with
and current ability, not the student’s future level, the language
language. It then tries to describe not only what a language user
required to reach that level, or the time it will take. No
‘can do’, but also what they are able to do in the language, both
coursebook can guarantee a level a student will attain and it
generally and in specific skills, domains and situations such
is for you to judge whether the language presented will help
as ‘Informal discussion (with friends) or ‘Formal discussion
students achieve their objectives.
and meetings. The CEFR also encourages and comments on
areas such as intercultural awareness, self-directed learning, Finally, existing coursebook level descriptors in ELT (elementary,
paralinguistics (gesture, mime, etc.), mediating (i.e. interpreting pre-intermediate, etc.) do not exactly fit with the CEFR and nor
and translation), which have perhaps been less common are the CEFR levels necessarily even steps. It seems likely that
features of ELT materials. moving from C1 to C2, for example, will take a lot longer than
A1 to A2, largely because of the different amounts of vocabulary
How are the levels of the CEFR organised? learning each entails.
The six levels the CEFR describes range from A1 (students with For all these reasons, this book has been developed for students
an elementary level of English) to C2 (students who can use the who are at one level, and who are working towards the next level.
language fluently and with precision). However, note that there This means that some tasks and language input – particularly
is also a level below A1. A0 is the point at which people start, at the beginning of the book – are aimed more at revising and
with very little or no language. A1 is the first point at which we teaching language to achieve the lower level, while most other
can describe a (limited) range of abilities in a number of skills input is aimed at achieving the higher level. Note though, that
and domains. For example, students probably need to be able in any one class, students will achieve different levels in any one
to recognize a substantial number of words (say 300+) for basic task, including being below or above the level expected. If this
reading and listening. The CEFR also allows for steps between happens consistently, you are probably using the wrong level

2 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


book or the student is in the wrong class for them. That is for
you to assess.

How does Outcomes match the aims of the


CEFR?
Outcomes was written very much with the CEFR in mind. We
think about what we want students to be able to do and the
kind of conversation they’ll have first; we write some models,
we notice the specific language they may need (grammar,
words or phrases) and we try to present that language in
exercises to help them achieve these goals. When we teach
grammar or vocabulary, we try to think of clear examples that
might be used in particular situations. We also looked at a lot
of the can-do statements and specific situations that the testing
organisation, ALTE, describe. We tried to include as many of
these as possible. We have also tried to include a range of social,
public, occupational and educational contexts, in terms of all
four skills, even at low levels.
We have helped students and teachers see these clear
objectives at the beginning of each unit, so that students
understand what they should be able to do based on the
input and specific language areas. You can also see this in the
mapping to the CEFR here. We help students’ self-directed
learning with the Vocabulary Builder, the Grammar reference
with exercises and the online workbook which comes with all
the student’s books. We also help mediation skills through
translation exercises such as the Language Patterns box.
We encourage intercultural awareness and the exchange of
thoughts and ideas through many short speaking tasks, texts
about different countries and contexts, and hearing speakers
of different nationalities.

The CEFR and you!


It is not only coursebook writers that take the CEFR into
account. As a teacher, you can also meet CEFR goals by taking
language in the book and giving more examples that make use
of the students’ immediate knowledge and situation. This can
be done by asking questions that encourage students to think
about how they would use language, encouraging students
to exchange ideas and feelings and by creating a learning
environment that makes this possible.
You might also want to read the CEFR itself and use the ‘Users
of the manual may wish to consider’ sections it has throughout
for discussions with colleagues or self-reflection. Visit www
.coe.int to find out more about the CEFR and download a pdf
of the manual itself.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 3


Outcomes Pre-Intermediate CEFR Overview
Framework level: A2 – B1

Communicative activities
Reception (spoken)
Overall listening comprehension:
Can follow extended speech and complex lines of p12–13, Listening exA, B, C
argument provided the topic is reasonably familiar, and
the direction of the talk is sign-posted by explicit markers.

Can understand straightforward factual information


about common every day or job related topics, identifying
p12–13, Listening exA, B, C
both general messages and specific details, provided
speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent.

Understanding interaction between native speakers:


Can keep up with an animated conversation between p16, Listening exB, C, D
native speakers. [B2]

Can generally follow the main points of extended


discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly p8, Listening exA, B
articulated in standard dialect.

Listening as a member of a live audience: p18, Listening exA, B, C; p38, Listening exB; p40, Listening exB; p68,
Can follow a lecture or talk within his/her own field, Listening exA, B; p94, Listening exA, C; p102, Listening exA; p107,
provided the subject matter is familiar and the Listening exA; p107, Pronunciation exC; p113, Pronunciation exA; p114,
presentation straightforward and clearly structured. Listening exA, B, C

Listening to announcements and instructions:


Can understand simple technical information such as p86, Listening exA
operating instructions for everyday equipment

Listening to radio audio and recordings: p18, Listening exA, B, C; p38, Listening exB; p40, Listening exB; p58,
Can understand the information content of the majority Listening exB, C; p68, Listening exA, B; p94, Listening exA, C; p102,
of recorded or broadcast audio material on topics of Listening exA; p107, Listening exA; p107, Pronunciation exC; p113,
personal interest delivered in clear standard speech. Pronunciation exA; p114, Listening exA, B, C

Reception (written)
Overall reading comprehension:
Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related p8, Listening exC
to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of
comprehension.

Reading for orientation:


Can find and understand relevant information in everyday p76, Listening exA
material such as letters, brochures and short official
documents.

Reading for information and argument:


Can understand specialized articles outside his/her field, p68, Reading exA, B; p68, Listening exF
provided he/she can use a dictionary occasionally to
confirm his/her interpretation of terminology. [B2]

Can understand articles and reports concerned with


p10, Reading exA, B, C, D; p18, Reading exA, B, C, D, E, F; p50, reading
contemporary problems in which the writers adopt
exC, D, E
particular stances or viewpoints. [B2]

Can identify the main conclusions in clearly signalled


p10, Reading exA, B, C, D
argumentative texts.

4 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Can recognize significant points in straightforward p10, Reading exA, B, C, D; p18, Reading exA, B, C, D, E, F; p22, Reading
newspaper articles on familiar subjects. exC; p30, Reading exA; p39, Reading exA, B; p41, Speaking exA; p45,
Reading exC; p49, Grammar exB; p50-51, Reading exC, D, E; p56, Reading
exA, B, C; p66, Reading exA; p67, Grammar exE; p68, Reading exA, B; p68,
Listening exF; p69, Grammar exC; p72-73, Reading exA, B; p80, Reading
exB; p84, Reading exB; p96, Reading exB, D; p100-101, Reading exB, E;
p106, Reading exB; p112, Reading exA, B; p120, Writing exA, B; p124,
Writing exA; p126, Writing exA; p128, Writing exA; p129, Grammar exB;
p130, Reading exC; p132-133, Writing exA, D; p134, Writing exA, B

Interaction (spoken)
Overall spoken interaction:
Can communicate with some confidence on familiar
routine and non-routine matters related to his/her p9, Developing Conversations exA, B
interests and professional field. Can exchange, check and
confirm information, deal with less routine situations and
explain why something is a problem.

Conversation:
Can follow clearly articulated speech directed at him/her p17, Developing Conversations exA; p21, Developing Conversations exA;
in everyday conversation, though will sometimes have to p21, Grammar exD; p21, Conversation Practice exA, B; p22, Speaking exA
ask for repetition of particular words and phrases.

p87, Speaking exB, C; p93, Conversation Practice exB; p99, Conversation


Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may Practice exB; p105, Developing Conversations exB; p105, Conversation
sometimes be difficult to follow when trying to say exactly Practice exA, B; p107, Vocabulary exA, B; p109, Speaking exA; p110,
what he/she would like to. Vocabulary exC; p111, Developing Conversations exB, C, D; p111,
Conversation Practice exB; p113, Pronunciation exB; p114, Grammar exD

p15, Developing Conversations exA, B; p15, Conversation Practice exA, B;


Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise,
p17, Developing Conversations exA; p21, Developing Conversations exA;
happiness, sadness, interest and indifference.
p21, Grammar exD; p21, Conversation Practice exA, B; p22, Speaking exA

Informal discussion (with friends):


Can take an active part in informal discussion in familiar
contexts, commenting and putting point of view clearly, p10, Speaking exA
evaluating alternative proposals and making and
responding to hypotheses. [B2]

Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion p10, Speaking exA; p12, Speaking exA; p15, Listening exB; p16, Listening
by providing relevant explanations, arguments and exE; p19, Speaking exA; p28, Speaking exA; p30, Speaking exA; p30,
comments. [B2] Reading exB, D; p37, Conversation Practice exA, B; p40, Listening exA,
E; p41, Vocabulary exC; p43, Developing Conversations exB, C; p43,
Vocabulary exB; p43, Conversation Practice exB; p44, Speaking exA; p45,
Grammar exC, D; p45, Reading exA, D; p46, Speaking exA; p46, Listening
exC; p47, Speaking exA, B, C, D, E; p48, Vocabulary exC; p49, Conversation
Practice exA, B, C; p50-51, Reading exB, C, D, G; p51, Speaking exA; p52,
Listening exD; p55, Conversation Practice exA; p56, Speaking exA; p59,
Speaking exA; p64, Vocabulary exB, D; p65, Conversation Practice exA,
B; p67, Speaking exA, B; p68, Reading exC; p69, Speaking exA; p70,
Vocabulary exB, C; p70, Listening exD; p71, Pronunciation exC; p71,
Conversation Practice exA, B; p72, Vocabulary exC; p72, Speaking exA; p73,
Reading exB, C; p73, Speaking exA; p74, Listening exA, C, F; p75, Speaking
exA, B; p76, Speaking exA, B; p79, Listening exA, E; p80-81, Reading exA,
B, C, F; p81, Grammar exE; p84, Reading exA, D; p86, Speaking exA; p86,
Listening exC, E; p87, Grammar exC; p92, Speaking exA; p92, Vocabulary
exB; p93, Developing Conversations exB, C; p94, Vocabulary exB; p95,
Speaking exA; p96, Speaking exA; p96, Reading exA, B, D, E; p96, Speaking
exA; p98, Grammar exE; p100, Vocabulary exC; p100-101, Reading exA,
B, C, D, E; p102, Speaking exA; p102, Listening exD; p102, Vocabulary exB;
p103, Speaking exA; p104, Vocabulary exC; p104, Listening exC; p105,
Grammar exB; p105, Developing Conversations exC; p106, Reading exA,
C; p107, Listening exB; p107, Speaking exA; p108, Listening exA, D; p109,
Vocabulary exC; p110, Speaking exA; p110, Listening exC; p113, Speaking
exA, B, C; p114, Listening exD; p115, Speaking exB

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 5


Can compare and contrast alternatives, discussing what to
p13, Listening exE; p13, Grammar exA, B, C; p14, Vocabulary exB, D
do, where to go, who or which to choose, etc.

Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing p8, Vocabulary exB, C; p9, Conversation Practice exA; p10, Speaking exA;
topics of interest. p14, Vocabulary exB, D; p15, Listening exB; p16, Listening exA, E; p17,
Grammar exB; p18, Reading exG; p19, Grammar exD; p19, Speaking
exA; p20, Speaking exA; p20, Vocabulary exB; p21, Listening exC; p22,
Reading exB, D; p23, Grammar exB; p24, Speaking exA; p24, Vocabulary
exC; p25, Grammar exB, C; p26, Vocabulary exA, C, D; p26, Developing
Conversations exA, B, C; p27, Listening exC; p27, Grammar exB; p27,
Conversation Practice exA; p28, Listening exA, B; p28, Speaking exA;
p28, Vocabulary exB; p29, Grammar exC; p30, Speaking exA; p30,
Reading exB, D; p36, Speaking exA; p36, Vocabulary exC; p36, Listening
exB; p37, Speaking exA; p37, Developing Conversations exA, B; p37,
Grammar exE; p37, Conversation Practice exA, B; p38, Vocabulary
exC; p38, Listening exA, C; p38, Grammar exC; p39, Reading exD;
p40, Listening exA, E; p41, Vocabulary exC; p41, Speaking exB, C; p42,
Speaking exA; p42, Listening exA, D; p43, Developing Conversations
exB, C; p43, Vocabulary exB; p43, Conversation Practice exB; p44,
Speaking exA; p45, Grammar exC, D; p45, Reading exA, D; p46,
Vocabulary exC; p46, Speaking exA; p46, Listening exC; p46, Developing
Conversations exC; p47, Grammar exC; p47, Speaking exA, B, C, D, E;
p48, Vocabulary exC; p49, Grammar exC; p49, Developing Conversations
exA, B; p49, Conversation Practice exA, B, C; p50-51, Reading exB,
C, D, G; p51, Speaking exA; p52, Listening exD; p54, Vocabulary exC;
p55, Listening exC; p55, Conversation Practice exA; p56, Speaking
exA; p57, Grammar exC; p57, Pronunciation exC; p58, Vocabulary exC;
p58, Listening exA, E; p59, Grammar exC; p59, Speaking exA; p64,
Vocabulary exB, D; p65, Listening exB; p65, Developing Conversations
exA, B, C; p65, Conversation Practice exA, B; p66, Vocabulary exD;
p66, Reading exB, D; p67, Grammar exD; p67, Speaking exA, B; p68,
Reading exC; p69, Speaking exA; p70, Vocabulary exB, C; p70, Listening
exD; p71, Pronunciation exC; p71, Developing Conversations exA;
p71, Conversation Practice exA, B; p72, Vocabulary exC; p72, Speaking
exA; p73, Reading exB, C; p73, Speaking exA; p74, Listening exA, C, F;
p75, Grammar exC; p75, Speaking exA, B; p76, Speaking exA, B; p78,
Vocabulary exC; p79, Grammar exD; p79, Listening exA, E; p80-81,
Reading exA, B, C, F; p81, Grammar exE; p82, Vocabulary exB; p83,
Developing Conversations exB; p84, Reading exA, D; p86, Speaking
exA; p86, Listening exC, E; p87, Grammar exC; p92, Speaking exA; p92,
Vocabulary exB; p93, Developing Conversations exB, C; p93, Grammar
exB; p94, Vocabulary exB; p94, Listening exB; p95, Grammar exC;
p95, Speaking exA; p96, Speaking exA; p96, Reading exA, B, D, E; p96,
Speaking exA; p98, Grammar exE; p99, Vocabulary exC; p99, Developing
Conversations exB; p100, Vocabulary exC; p100-101, Reading exA, B, C,
D, E; p102, Speaking exA; p102, Listening exD; p102, Vocabulary exB;
p103, Speaking exA; p104, Vocabulary exC; p104, Listening exC; p105,
Grammar exB; p105, Developing Conversations exC; p106, Reading exA,
C; p107, Listening exB; p107, Speaking exA; p108, Listening exA, D;
p109, Vocabulary exC; p110, Speaking exA; p110, Listening exC; p112,
Reading exC; p113, Speaking exA, B, C; p114, Speaking exA; p114,
Listening exD; p115, Speaking exB; p120, Speaking exA; p121, Grammar
exB; p122, Speaking exA; p122, Vocabulary exB; p122, Writing exA;
p123, Practice exA, B; p124, Speaking exA; p124, Writing exB; p125,
Practice exB; p126, Speaking exA; p128, Speaking exA; p129, Grammar
exA; p129, Practice exB; p130, Writing exB; p131, Speaking exA; p132,
Speaking exA; p132, Vocabulary exB; p134, Speaking exA, B; p134,
Writing exC; p135, Vocabulary exB

Can express belief, opinion, agreement and disagreement


p12, Speaking exA
politely.

Can express his/her thoughts about abstract or cultural


topics such as music, films. Can explain why something is a p8, Vocabulary exB, C
problem.

Can give brief comments on the views of others. p12, Speaking exA

Formal discussion (meetings):


Can take part in routine formal discussion of familiar
subjects which is conducted in clearly articulated speech p81, Reading exD; p83, Conversation Practice exA, B
in the standard dialect, and which involves the exchange
of factual information, receiving instructions or the
discussion of solutions to practical problems.

6 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Goal-oriented co-operation:
Can explain why something is a problem, discuss what to p77, Conversation Practice exA, B
do next, compare and contrast alternatives.

Can make his/her opinions and reactions understood as


regards possible solutions or the question of what to do p77, Conversation Practice exA, B
next, giving brief reasons and explanations.

Transactions to obtain goods and services:


Can deal with most transactions likely to arise while p77, Developing Conversations exA, B, C
travelling, arranging travel or accommodation, or dealing
with authorities during a foreign visit.

Information exchange:
Can find out and pass on straightforward factual p9, Grammar exC; p11, Grammar exB, C; p24, Listening exB
information.

Interaction (written)
Correspondence:
Can write personal letters giving news and expressing p127, Practice exB, C; p129, Practice exC; p131, Practice exB; p133,
thoughts about abstract or cultural topics such as music, Practice exB; p135, Practice exB, C
films.

Notes, messages and forms:


Can take messages communicating enquiries, explaining p87, Speaking exA
problems.

Can write notes conveying simple information of immediate


relevance to friends, service people, teachers and others p55, Developing Conversations exC; p76, Listening exB; p82, Listening
who feature in his/her everyday life, getting across exA; p83, Conversation Practice exA, B
comprehensibly the points he/she feels are important.

Can write numbers and dates, nationality, address, age,


date of birth or arrival in the country etc. such as on a p77, Pronunciation exC, D
hotel registration form. [A1]

Production (spoken)
Sustained monologue (describing experience):
Can give straightforward descriptions on a variety of p13, Speaking exA; p99, Listening exB
familiar subjects within his/her field of interest.

Can give detailed accounts of experiences, describing


p13, Speaking exA; p53, Speaking exB; p85, p13, Speaking exA
feelings and reactions.

Sustained monologue (putting a case):


Can explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the p17, Speaking exA, B, C
advantages and disadvantages of various options. [B2]

Can develop an argument well enough to be followed


p17, Speaking exA, B, C
without difficulty most of the time. [B2]

Can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions,


p17, Speaking exA, B, C
plans and actions.

Production (written)
Overall written production:
Can write straightforward connected texts on a range of p19, Speaking exB
familiar subjects within his/her field of interest, by linking
a series of shorter discrete elements into a linear sequence.

Reports and essays:


Can summarise, report and give his/her opinion about p121, Practice exB; p123, Practice exD; p125, Practice exC
accumulated factual information on familiar routine and
non-routine matters within his field with some confidence.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 7


Communication strategies
Reception
Identifying cues and inferring:
Can identify unfamiliar words from the context on topics p8, Vocabulary exA
related to his/her field and interests.

Can extrapolate the meaning of occasional unknown


words from the context and deduce sentence meaning p8, Vocabulary exA
provided the topic discussed is familiar.

Interaction
Planning:
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/ p93, Conversation Practice exA; p99, Conversation Practice exA; p111,
she wants to get across, exploiting any resources available Conversation Practice exA; p115, Speaking exA
and limiting the message to what he/she can recall or find
the means to express.

Communicative language competence


Linguistic – range
Vocabulary range: p8, Vocabulary exD; p13, Listening exD; p20, Vocabulary exA; p22,
Reading exA; p24, Vocabulary exA, B; p26, Vocabulary exB; p28,
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with Vocabulary exA; p31, Vocabulary exA, B; p36, Vocabulary exA, B; p38,
some circumlocutions on most topics pertinent to his/her Vocabulary exA, B; p39, Reading exC; p41, Vocabulary exA, B; p41,
everyday life such as family, hobbies and interests, work, Speaking exC; p43, Vocabulary exA; p45, Reading exB; p46, Vocabulary
travel, and current events.
exA, B; p48, Vocabulary exA, B, D; p50-51, Reading exA, F; p51,
Vocabulary exA, B; p52, Vocabulary exA, B; p54, Vocabulary exA, B;
p55, Listening exB; p55, Developing Conversations exA; p56, Reading
exD, E; p58, Vocabulary exA, B; p64, Vocabulary exA, C; p66, Vocabulary
exA, B, C; p66, Reading exC; p68, Listening exC, D, E; p70, Vocabulary
exA; p72, Vocabulary exA, B; p73, Reading exD, E, F; p74, Vocabulary
exA, B; p76, Listening exC; p78, Vocabulary exA, B; p79, Listening exD;
p81, Reading exE; p82, Vocabulary exA; p83, Developing Conversations
exA; p84, Reading exC; p85, Vocabulary exA, B; p92, Vocabulary exA;
p94, Vocabulary exA; p96, Reading exC; p96, Vocabulary exA, D, E;
p98, Grammar exA, B; p99, Vocabulary exA, B, D; p99, Developing
Conversations exA; p100, Vocabulary exA, B; p102, Listening exB, C;
p102, Vocabulary exA; p104, Vocabulary exA, B; p104, Listening exB;
p105, Developing Conversations exB; p107, Vocabulary exA, B; p109,
Vocabulary exA, B; p110, Vocabulary exA, B; p110, Listening exB;
p112, Vocabulary exA, B; p120, Vocabulary exA, B; p122, Vocabulary
exA; p122, Writing exB, C; p124, Vocabulary exA, B; p126, Writing exA;
p129, Vocabulary exA, B, C; p130, Writing exA; p132, Vocabulary exA;
p132–133, Writing exB, C; p135, Vocabulary exA

Linguistic – control
Grammatical accuracy p9, Grammar exA, B; p11, Grammar exA; p15, Grammar exA; p17,
Grammar exA, C, D; p18-19, Grammar exA, B, C; p21, Grammar exA,
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used
B, C; p23, Grammar exA; p25, Grammar exA; p27, Grammar exA; p29,
‘routines’ and patterns associated with more predictable
Grammar exA, B; p30, Reading exC; p31, Grammar exA, B, C; p37,
situations.
Grammar exA, B, C, D; p38, Grammar exA, B; p44-45, Grammar exA,
B; p46, Developing conversartions exA, B; p47, Grammar exA, B; p49,
Grammar exA; p53, Grammar exA, B; p57, Grammar exA, B; p58,
Listening exD; p59, Grammar exA, B, C; p67, Grammar exA, B, C; p69,
Grammar exA, B; p71, Grammar exA, B; p75, Grammar exA, B; p78-79,
Grammar exA, B, C; p81, Grammar exA, B, C, D; p83, Grammar exA; p86,
Listening exD; p86-87, Grammar exA, B; p93, Developing Conversations
exA; p93, Grammar exA; p95, Grammar exA, B, D; p98, Grammar exC,
D; p101, Grammar exA, B; p105, Grammar exA; p109, Grammar exA,
B; p111, Developing Conversations exA; p113, Grammar exA, B; p114,
Grammar exA, B, C; p121, Grammar exA; p125, Grammar exA, B; p127,
Grammar exA, B, C; p129, Grammar exA, B; p131, Vocabulary exA; p131,
Key Words for Writing exB, C; p135, Key Words for Writing exA

8 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Vocabulary control:
Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major p13, Vocabulary exA, B; p14, Vocabulary exA, C
errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts
or handling unfamiliar topics and situations.

Phonological control: p13, Pronunciation exA, B; p19, Pronunciation exA, B; p29, Pronunciation
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent exD; p38, Pronunciation exA, B; p57, Pronunciation exA, B; p71,
is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations Pronunciation exA, B; p77, Pronunciation exA, B, C; p82, Pronunciation
occur. exA, B; p96, Vocabulary exB, C; p107, Pronunciation exA, B

Pragmatic
Coherence: p121, Key Words for Writing exA, B; p123, Key Words for Writing exA, B;
p124, Key Words for Writing exA, B; p127, Key Words for Writing exA;
Can link groups of words with simple connectors like p128, Key Words for Writing exA, B; p131, Key Words for Writing exA, C;
‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. p133, Key Words for Writing exA, B; p135, Key Words for Writing exB

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 9


Outcomes
FrameworkPre-Intermediate
level: B2 (units 7CEFR mapping
to 12)
Framework level: A2 – B1

Unit 1 Family and Friends


Vocabulary (page 8)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can identify unfamiliar words from the context on topics related to his/her
Identifying cues and field and interests.
A
inferring Can extrapolate the meaning of occasional unknown words from the context
and deduce sentence meaning provided the topic discussed is familiar.

Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
Informal discussion
Can express his/her thoughts about abstract or cultural topics such as music, B, C
(with friends)
films.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and D
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Listening (page 8)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding inter-
Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her,
action between native A, B
provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
speakers

Overall reading Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field of
C
comprehension interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension.

Grammar (page 9)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Information exchange Can find out and pass on straightforward factual information. C

Developing Conversations (page 9)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can communicate with some confidence on familiar routine and non-routine
Overall spoken matters related to his/her interests and professional field. Can exchange, check
A, B
interaction and confirm information, deal with less routine situations and explain why
something is a problem.

Conversation Practice (page 9)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can generally follow the main points in an informal discussion with friends
Informal discussion provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. A
(with friends)
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.

10 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Speaking (page 10)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can generally follow the main points in an informal discussion with friends
Informal discussion provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
(with friends)
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
A
Can take an active part in informal discussion in familiar contexts, commenting
and putting point of view clearly, evaluating alternative proposals and making
Informal discussion and responding to hypotheses.
(with friends)
Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (pages 10–11)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE

Reading for Can identify main conclusions in clearly signalled argumentative texts.
information and Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
argument familiar subjects
A, B, C, D
Reading for
Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in
information and
which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints.
argument

Grammar (page 11)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Information exchange Can find out and pass on straightforward factual information. B, C

Speaking (page 12)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE

Informal discussion Can express belief, opinion, agreement and disagreement politely.
(with friends) Can give brief comments on the views of others.
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (pages 12–13)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can understand straightforward factual information about common every day
Overall listening
or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details,
comprehension
provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. A, B, C
Overall listening Can follow extended speech and complex lines of argument provided the topic is
comprehension reasonably familiar, and the direction of the talk is sign-posted by explicit markers.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and D
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Can compare and contrast alternatives, discussing what to do, where to go,
Informal discussion who or which to choose etc. E
(with friends)
Can give and seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 11


Grammar (page 13)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can compare and contrast alternatives, discussing what to do, where to go,
Informal discussion who or which to choose etc. A, B, C
(with friends)
Can give and seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.

Vocabulary (page 13)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur
Vocabulary control when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and A, B
situations.

Pronunciation (page 13)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Speaking (page 13)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can give straightforward descriptions on a variety of familiar subjects within
Sustained monologue his/her field of interest. A
(describing experience)
Can give detailed accounts of experiences, describing feelings and reactions.

Unit 2 Shops
Vocabulary (page 14)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur
Vocabulary control when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and A, C
situations.

Can compare and contrast alternatives, discussing what to do, where to go,
Informal discussion who or which to choose etc. B, D
(with friends)
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.

Listening (page 15)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Developing Conversations (page 15)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
Conversation A, B
interest and indifference.

12 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Grammar (page 15)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Conversation Practice (page 15)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
Conversation A, B
interest and indifference.

Listening (page 16)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, E
(with friends)

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers
B, C, D
Understanding
interaction between Can keep up with an animated conversation between native speakers.
native speakers

Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
E
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Developing Conversations (page 17)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can follow clearly articulated speech directed at him/her in everyday
conversation, though will sometimes have to ask for repetition of particular
Conversation words and phrases. A
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
interest and indifference.

Grammar (page 17)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, C, D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Speaking (page 17)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Sustained monologue:
Can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions, plans and actions.
Putting a case

Can explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and A, B, C


Sustained monologue: disadvantages of various options.
Putting a case Can develop an argument well enough to be followed without difficulty most
of the time.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 13


Reading (page 18)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
and argument familiar subjects. A, B, C, D,
Reading for information Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in E, F
and argument which writers adopt particular stances and viewpoints.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. G
(with friends)

Listening (page 18)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Listening to radio audio Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or broadcast
A, B, C
& recordings audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear standard speech.

Grammar (pages 18–19)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. D
(with friends)

Pronunciation (page 19)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Speaking (page 19)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Can write straightforward connected texts on a range of familiar subjects


Overall written
within his/her field of interest, by linking a series of shorter discrete elements B
production
into a linear sequence.

Unit 3 Eat
Speaking (page 20)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 20)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

14 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Listening (page 21)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A, B
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Developing Conversations (page 21)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can follow clearly articulated speech directed at him/her in everyday
conversation, though will sometimes have to ask for repetition of particular
Conversation words and phrases. A
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
interest and indifference.

Grammar (page 21)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Can follow clearly articulated speech directed at him/her in everyday


conversation, though will sometimes have to ask for repetition of particular
Conversation words and phrases. D
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
interest and indifference.

Conversation Practice (page 21)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can follow clearly articulated speech directed at him/her in everyday
conversation, though will sometimes have to ask for repetition of particular
Conversation words and phrases. A, B
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
interest and indifference.

Speaking (page 22)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can follow clearly articulated speech directed at him/her in everyday
conversation, though will sometimes have to ask for repetition of particular
Conversation words and phrases. A
Can express and respond to feelings such as surprise, happiness, sadness,
interest and indifference.

Reading (pages 22–23)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B, D
(with friends)

Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
C
and argument familiar subjects.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 15


Grammar (page 23)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Speaking (page 24)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 24)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Listening (pages 24–25)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can find and understand relevant information everyday material such as
Reading for orientation A
letters, brochures and short official documents.

Can find out and pass on straightforward factual information. Can obtain
Information exchange B
more detailed information.

Transactions to obtain Can cope with less routine situations in shops, post office, bank, e.g. returning
C, D
goods and services an unsatisfactory purchase. Can make a complaint.

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between E, F
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Grammar (page 25)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B, C
(with friends)

Speaking (page 25)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Transactions to obtain Can cope with less routine situations in shops, post office, bank, e.g. returning
A, B
goods and services an unsatisfactory purchase. Can make a complaint.

Unit 4 Jobs
Vocabulary (page 26)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, C, D
(with friends)

16 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Developing Conversations (page 26)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B, C
(with friends)

Listening (page 27)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A, B
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Grammar (page 27)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Conversation Practice (page 27)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Listening (page 28)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B
(with friends)

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between C, D, E
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Speaking (page 28)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 28)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 17


Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Grammar (page 29)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Pronunciation (page 29)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Notes, messages & Can write notes conveying simple information of immediate relevance to
A, B, C
forms friends, service people, teachers and others who feature in his/her daily life

Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes


Phonological control D
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Speaking (page 30)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (pages 30–31)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A
and argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and


Grammatical accuracy C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Vocabulary (page 31)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 31)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

18 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Speaking (page 31)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can write a description of an event – real or imagined. Can narrate a story.
Creative writing Can write accounts of experiences, describing feelings and reactions in simple A
connected texts.

Can reasonably fluently relate a straightforward narrative or description as a


Thematic development B
linear sequence of points.

Unit 5 Relax
Speaking (page 36)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 36)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Listening (page 36)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A, C
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Speaking (page 37)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Developing Conversations (page 37)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B
(with friends)

Grammar (page 37)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C, D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. E
(with friends)

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 19


Conversation Practice (page 37)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 38)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Listening (page 38)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, C
(with friends)

Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or


Listening to radio audio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear B
& recordings
standard speech.

Grammar (page 38)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Pronunciation (page 38)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Reading (page 39)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, B
& argument familiar subjects.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. D
(with friends)

20 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Listening (page 40)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or


Listening to radio audio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear B
& recordings
standard speech.

Can take notes during a lecture, which are precise enough for his/her own use
Note-taking (lectures,
later, provided the topic is within his/her field of interest and the talk is clear C, D
seminars, etc.)
and well-structured.

Vocabulary (page 41)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 41)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A
& argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B, C
(with friends)

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Unit 6 Home
Speaking (page 42)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Listening (page 42)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, D
(with friends)

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between B
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Can take notes during a lecture, which are precise enough for his/her own use
Note-taking (lectures,
later, provided the topic is within his/her field of interest and the talk is clear C
seminars, etc.)
and well-structured.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 21


Developing Conversations (pages 42–43)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can find and understand relevant information in everyday material, such as
Reading for orientation A
letters, brochures and short official documents.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 43)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Can write straightforward, detailed descriptions on a range of familiar subjects


Creative writing C
within his field of interest.

Conversation Practice (page 43)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Planning Can work out how to communicate the main points he/she wants to get across. A

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 44)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 44)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Listening to radio audio Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or broadcast
A
& recordings audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear standard speech.

Can take notes during a lecture, which are precise enough for his/her own use
Note-taking (lectures,
later, provided the topic is within his/her field of interest and the talk is clear B, C
seminars, etc.)
and well-structured.

Grammar (pages 44–45)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

22 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C, D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (page 45)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
C
& argument familiar subjects.

Vocabulary (page 46)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Speaking (page 46)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 46)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can take notes during a lecture, which are precise enough for his/her own use
Note-taking (lectures,
later, provided the topic is within his/her field of interest and the talk is clear A
seminars, etc.)
and well-structured.

Listening as a member Can follow in outline straightforward talks on familiar topics provided these
B
of a live audience are delivered in clearly articulated standard speech.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Developing Conversations (page 46)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 23


Grammar (page 47)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Speaking (page 47)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B, C, D, E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 7 Mind and Body


Vocabulary (page 48)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B, D
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 48)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Grammar (page 49)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
B
& argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Developing Conversations (page 49)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B
(with friends)

24 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Conversation Practice (page 49)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (pages 50–51)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, F
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, C, D, G
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
& argument familiar subjects.
C, D, E
Reading for information Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in
& argument which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints.

Vocabulary (page 51)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Speaking (page 51)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 52)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Listening to
announcements and Can follow detailed directions. C
instructions

Listening (page 52)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A, B, C
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 25


Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Grammar (page 53)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Speaking (page 53)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main points he/she wants to get
Planning A
across.

Can reasonably fluently relate a straightforward narrative or description


Sustained monologue:
as a linear sequence of points. Can give detailed accounts of experiences, B
describing experience
describing feelings and reactions.

Unit 8 Getting There


Vocabulary (page 54)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Listening (page 55)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Developing Conversations (page 55)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Can find and understand information in everyday material, such as letters,


Reading for orientation B
brochures and short official documents.

Can write notes conveying simple information of immediate relevance to


Notes, messages &
friends, service people, teachers and others who feature in his/her everyday C
forms
life, getting across comprehensibly the points that he/she feels are important.

26 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Conversation Practice (page 55)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 56)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (page 56)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, B, C
information & argument familiar subjects.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and D, E
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 57)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Pronunciation (page 57)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 58)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Listening (page 58)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, E
(with friends)

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 27


Listening to radio Can understand the information content of recorded or broadcast audio
B, C
audio & recordings material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear standard speech.

Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and


Grammatical accuracy D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Grammar (page 59)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCIS E
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Speaking (page 59)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 9 Science and Nature


Vocabulary (page 64)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 65)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Developing Conversations (page 65)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B, C
(with friends)

Conversation Practice (page 65)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

28 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Vocabulary (page 66)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B, C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. D
(with friends)

Reading (pages 66–67)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for information Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A
& argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B, D
(with friends)

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 67)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. D
(with friends)

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


E
information & argument familiar subjects.

Speaking (page 67)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (page 68)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
information & argument familiar subjects.
A, B
Reading for Can understand specialized articles outside his/her field, provided he/she can
information & argument use a dictionary occasionally to confirm his/her interpretation of terminology.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 68)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or
Listening to radio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear A, B
audio & recordings
standard speech.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 29


Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C, D, E
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


information & argument familiar subjects.
F
Reading for Can understand specialized articles outside his/her field, provided he/she can
information & argument use a dictionary occasionally to confirm his/her interpretation of terminology.

Grammar (page 69)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


C
information & argument familiar subjects.

Speaking (page 69)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 10 Education
Vocabulary (page 70)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 70)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A, B C
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Pronunciation (page 71)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

30 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Developing Conversations (page 71)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Grammar (page 71)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Conversation Practice (page 71)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 72)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 72)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (pages 72–73)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and D, E, F
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 31


Speaking (page 73)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 74)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, C, F
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between B, D, E
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Vocabulary (page 74)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 75)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Speaking (page 75)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 11 Places to Stay


Speaking (page 76)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 76)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can find and understand relevant information in everyday material such as
Reading for orientation A
letters, brochures and short official documents.

32 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between B
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Can write notes conveying simple information of immediate relevance to


Notes, messages &
friends, service people, teachers and others who feature in his/her everyday B
forms
life, getting across comprehensibly the points he/she feels are important.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Developing Conversations (page 77)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Transactions to obtain Can deal with most transactions likely to arise while travelling, arranging
A, B, C
goods & services travel or accommodation, or dealing with authorities during a foreign visit.

Pronunciation (page 77)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B, C
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Notes, messages & Can write numbers and dates, nationality, address, age, date of birth or arrival
C, D
forms [A1] in the country etc. such as on a hotel registration form.

Conversation Practice (page 77)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can explain why something is a problem, discuss what to do next, compare
Goal-oriented and contrast alternatives.
A, B
cooperation Can make his/her opinions and reactions understood as regards possible solutions
or the question of what to do next, giving brief reasons and explanations.

Vocabulary (page 78)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Grammar (pages 78–79)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. D
(with friends)

Listening (page 79)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 33


Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between B, C
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and D
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Reading (pages 80–81)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B, C, F
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Can take part in routine formal discussion of familiar subjects which is


conducted in clearly articulated speech in the standard dialect, and which
Formal discussion D
involves the exchange of factual information, receiving instructions or the
discussion of solutions to practical problems.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and E
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 81)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C, D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 12 Phone
Vocabulary (page 82)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Listening (page 82)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can write notes conveying simple information of immediate relevance to
Notes, messages &
friends, service people, teachers and others who feature in his/her everyday
forms
life, getting across comprehensibly the points he/she feels are important.
A
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

34 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Pronunciation (page 82)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Developing Conversation (page 83)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Grammar (page 83)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Conversation Practice (page 83)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can take part in routine formal discussion of familiar subjects which is
conducted in clearly articulated speech in the standard dialect, and which
Formal discussion
involves the exchange of factual information, receiving instructions or the
discussion of solutions to practical problems. A, B
Can write notes conveying simple information of immediate relevance to
Notes, messages &
friends, service people, teachers and others who feature in his/her everyday
forms
life, getting across comprehensibly the points he/she feels are important.

Reading (pages 84–85)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Vocabulary (page 85)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 35


Speaking (page 85)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can reasonably fluently relate a straightforward narrative or description
Sustained monologue:
as a linear sequence of points. Can give detailed accounts of experiences, A
describing experience
describing feelings and reactions.

Speaking (page 86)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 86)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Listening to
Can understand simple technical information such as operating instructions for
announcements & A
everyday equipment.
instructions

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between B
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C, E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and


Grammatical accuracy D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Grammar (pages 86–87)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 87)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Notes, messages &
Can take messages communicating enquiries, explaining problems. A
forms

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B, C
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to do.

36 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Unit 13 Culture
Speaking (page 92)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 92)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 92)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Developing Conversations (pages 92–93)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Grammar (page 93)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Conversation Practice (page 93)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 37


Vocabulary (page 94)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 94)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or
Listening to radio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear A, C
audio & recordings
standard speech.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Grammar (page 95)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Speaking (page 95)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 96)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (pages 96–97)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B, D, E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


Reading for familiar subjects. B, D
information & argument
Can identify the main conclusions in clearly signaled argumentative texts.

38 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Vocabulary (page 96)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, D, E
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes


Phonological control B, C
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Speaking (page 96)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 14 Things
Grammar (page 98)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and


Grammatical accuracy C, D
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
E
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (pages 98–99)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Sustained monologue: Can give straightforward descriptions on a variety of familiar subjects within
B
describing experience his/her field of interest.

Vocabulary (page 99)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B, D
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 39


Developing Conversations (page 99)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Conversation Practice (page 99)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Vocabulary (page 100)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading (pages 100–101)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends) A, B, C,
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing D, E
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


B, E
information & argument familiar subjects.

Grammar (page 101)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Speaking (page 102)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

40 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Listening (page 102)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or
Listening to radio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear A
audio & recordings
standard speech.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B, C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 102)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 103)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Unit 15 Money
Vocabulary (page 104)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 104)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 41


Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Grammar (page 105)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Developing Conversations (page 105)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Conversation Practice (page 105)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to
Conversation A, B
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Reading (page 106)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Listening (page 107)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or
Listening to radio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear A
audio & recordings
standard speech.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

42 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Vocabulary (page 107)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation C
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Pronunciation (page 107)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes
Phonological control A, B
evident and occasional mispronunciations occur.

Listening to radio Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or broadcast
C
audio & recordings audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear standard speech.

Speaking (page 107)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Listening (page 108)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between B, C
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Grammar (page 109)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Vocabulary (page 109)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 43


Speaking (page 109)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to
Conversation A
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Unit 16 Dates and History


Speaking (page 110)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Vocabulary (page 110)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation C
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Listening (page 110)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Understanding
Can generally follow the main points of an extended discussion around him/
interaction between A
her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect.
native speakers

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Developing Conversations (page 111)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B, C, D
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Conversation Practice (page 111)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

44 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Vocabulary (page 112)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Reading (pages 112–113)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Grammar (page 113)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Pronunciation (page 113)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or
Listening to radio
broadcast audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear A
audio & recordings
standard speech.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation B
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Speaking (page 113)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
A, B, C
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Speaking (page 114)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Listening (page 114)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Listening to radio Can understand the information content of the majority of recorded or broadcast
A, B, C
audio & recordings audio material on topics of personal interest delivered in clear standard speech.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
D
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 45


Grammar (page 114)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Can maintain a conversation or discussion but may sometimes be difficult to


Conversation D
follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to.

Speaking (page 115)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest.
(with friends)
B
Informal discussion Can account for and sustain his/her opinions in discussion by providing
(with friends) relevant explanations, arguments and comments.

1 Writing: Personal Profile


Speaking (page 120)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Writing (page 120)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Vocabulary (page 120)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 121)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Key Words for Writing (page 121)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A, B

46 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Practice (page 121)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can summarise, report and give his/her opinion about accumulated factual
Reports & essays information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his field with B
some confidence.

2 Writing: Expressing Opinions


Speaking (page 122)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 122)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Writing (page 122)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B, C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Key Words for Writing (page 123)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A, B

Practice (page 123)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B
(with friends)

Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ C
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can summarise, report and give his/her opinion about accumulated factual
Reports & essays information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his field with D
some confidence.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 47


3 Writing: Describing Places
Speaking (page 124)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 124)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Writing (page 124)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A
information & argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Key Words for Writing (page 124)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A, B

Grammar (page 125)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Practice (page 125)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Can summarise, report and give his/her opinion about accumulated factual
Reports & essays information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his field with C
some confidence.

4 Writing: Plans and Schedules


Speaking (page 126)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

48 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Writing (page 126)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
information & argument familiar subjects.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions A


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Grammar (page 127)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Key Words for Writing (page 127)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A

Practice (page 127)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can write personal letters giving news and expressing thoughts about abstract
Correspondence B, C
or cultural topics such as music, films.

5 Writing: Writing Anecdotes


Speaking (page 128)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Writing (page 128)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A
information & argument familiar subjects.

Key Words for Writing (page 128)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE

Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A, B

Grammar (page 129)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 49


Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A, B
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Vocabulary (page 129)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A, B, C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Practice (page 129)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Can write personal letters giving news and expressing thoughts about abstract
Correspondence C
or cultural topics such as music, films.

6 Writing: Postcards
Writing (page 130)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on


C
information & argument familiar subjects.

Speaking (page 131)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 131)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Key Words for Writing (page 131)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A, C

Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and


Grammatical accuracy B, C
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

50 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning


Practice (page 131)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can write personal letters giving news and expressing thoughts about abstract
Correspondence B
or cultural topics such as music, films.

7 Writing: Complaints
Speaking (page 132)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 132)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Writing (pages 132–133)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, D
information & argument familiar subjects.

Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions


Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and B, C
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Key Words for Writing (page 133)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. A, B

Practice (page 133)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can write personal letters giving news and expressing thoughts about abstract
Correspondence B
or cultural topics such as music, films.

8 Writing: Invitations
Speaking (page 134)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. A, B
(with friends)

Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning 51


Writing (page 134)
COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Reading for Can recognize significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on
A, B
information & argument familiar subjects.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. C
(with friends)

Vocabulary (page 135)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions
Vocabulary range on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and A
interests, work, travel, and current events.

Informal discussion
Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. B
(with friends)

Key Words for Writing (page 135)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used ‘routines’ and
Grammatical accuracy A
patterns associated with more predictable situations.

Coherence Can link groups of words with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’. B

Practice (page 135)


COMPONENT DESCRIPTOR EXERCISE
Can work out how to communicate the main point(s) he/she wants to get
Planning across, exploiting any resources available and limiting the message to what he/ A
she can recall or find the means to express.

Can write personal letters giving news and expressing thoughts about abstract
Correspondence B, C
or cultural topics such as music, films.

52 Outcomes Pre-Intermediate © National Geographic Learning