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I THE NEW RAJIV GANDHI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT I

AT HYDERABAD
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH
I CONTENT I
PROJECT BRIEF
ARCHITECTURE
SUSTAINABLE
1. Greenbelt Cover
2. Green Buildings
3. Energy Conservation
4. GHG Management
5. Air & Noise Pollution Control
6. Water Management
7. Solid Waste Management

REFERENCE

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I PROJECT BRIEF I
INDIA’S FIRST GREENFIELD AIRPORT LEED ‘SILVER’ RATING CERTIFICATION

• Integrated Passenger Terminal Building with initial capacity of 12 million


passengers per annum
• Unique concept of airport village
• 130 check-in desks with CUTE and 16 self check-in-kiosks
• 46 immigration counters for Quick processing
• In-line baggage handling system with level-4 security system, the first of its kind in
India
• Awarded to L&T ECC on 25th November 2008.
• Completed all the works in a record span of 28 months.
• Built up area – 1.17 million sq.ft..
The commission was to design an airport of the highest international standard with
a future capacity of 40–50 million passengers a year.

It was to be a gateway to India, representative of a high level of culture and


technology, and to act as a locomotive for economic growth and development in
the region.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I LOCATION I
Hyderabad, where the airport is
located, is the fifth largest city in
India, with a population of
approximately 5 million, and
together with Bangalore it is one of
the main hubs of the rapidly
growing Indian IT industry.

The airport lies about 30 kilometres


outside the city centre, and covers
an area of approximately 25
square kilometres.

As one enters the sprawling Shamshabad facility having an area of 5500


acres, for some distance you will see a dry patch of land and from a long
distance you can see the towering air-traffic control tower and the passenger
terminal building with its massive and design contoured Kalzip roof.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I ARCHITECTURE I
Based on a systematic approach to the environment, the place and
the mood, the architects achieved diversity in the form of:

– A modern, efficient and attractive terminal building adapted to


local climatic conditions and available building technology,

– A spacious Airport Village for meters and greeters, with shops,


services and restaurants, protected from the sun and rain by a fabric
roof structure, in front of the terminal building,

– A large shady park beyond the Airport Village, with seating and
access to parking, bus terminal, hotels, etc.

The technological solutions were adapted to what was technically


and financially feasible, and energy and the environment were
emphasised throughout the planning and construction processes.

The shape of the roof has been specifically designed to cope with the
sun, and double glazing and insulation in the walls and roof reduce
the need for artificial cooling.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SITE I
The site is a gently rolling
agricultural landscape with
palms, fruit trees, rice fields
and small rocky knolls.

Two long ridges enclosing a


shallow valley form a natural
framework for the
development.

One of the main principles


of the project was flexibility
and the potential for rapid
growth in capacity, and the
airport has expanded
rapidly.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SITE PLAN I

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SITE -PLAN I

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I AIRPORT TERMINAL I
The airport is South Asia’s first A-380 aircraft compatible and has
India’s longest runway at 4,260 metres.

The passenger terminal building having an area of 1.17 million


sq.ft. is capable of handling twelve million passengers per annum.
It is provided with 42 stands consisting of 12 contact boarding
bridges and 30 remote stands.

There are 130 check in counters with common user terminal


equipment (CUTE), 16 self-check-in- kiosks, 46 immigration
counters, 30 escalators and 32 elevators.

In addition, it has conference facilities for business travellers,


hotel facilities, a hospital, retail shops and integrated information
technology systems – in short, all the modern gadgets expected
of a global standard airport.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I AIRPORT TERMINAL I
For the first time in the country an "Airport village “ has been created
between the terminal building and the public land side at level D.

This consists of a shopping arcade with a wide variety of stalls and food
courts to serve as a place for people to "meet and greet." Those not using
the airport can also drop in here for shopping.

This apart, there is a uniquely designed retail area inside the terminal
building based on the walkthrough concept that enables customers to
move from one shop to another without having to walk in and out of
shops.

Moreover, plans are afoot for 15 developing the area around the airport
as a modern aerotropolis.

In every respect, this is not just another airport. It is going to be the nucleus
of the country's first aerotropolis, a new urban form that would house
business parks, hotels, residential units and entertainment areas.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SECTION I

The technological solutions were adapted to what was technically and


financially feasible, and energy and the environment were emphasised
throughout the planning and construction processes.

The shape of the roof has been specifically designed to cope with the sun,
and double glazing and insulation in the walls and roof reduce the need for
artificial cooling.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I RGIA LEED I
India’s first Greenfield airport is
The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) undeniably among the top 10
created a program called: Leadership in green buildings in India and the
Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) first airport in Asia to be
awarded the LEED ‘Silver’ rating
Five key Areas: certification by US Green
Sustainable site development Building Council.
Water savings
Energy efficiency Featuring 100,005 sq. m. of
Materials selection glass encased terminal, this
Indoor environmental quality green building ensures optimal
use of natural light and minimal
Then certifies wastage of electricity or energy
consumption.
Certified : 29-36 points
Silver : 37–43 points Yet another of its green
Gold : 44–57 points features includes the recycling
Platinum : more than 57 of treated wastewater for
landscaping, air conditioning and
flBuCMs 5h01ing requirements.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I

1. Greenbelt Cover
2. Green Buildings
3. Energy Conservation
4. GHG Management
5. Air & Noise Pollution Control
6. Water Management
7. Solid Waste Management
8. Environmental Quality
9. -Monitoring
10.Environmental Promotion
11.Community Development

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
GREENBELT COVER
•In an area of 273 hectares, greenbelt developed with various plants

•971 hectares of natural greenery undisturbed

• About 124 tonnes of CO2 / annum removal from the environment

• RGIA received the best landscape award from the State Govt. in the years
2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
ENERGY CONSERVATION
GHIAL has achieved electricity savings of 3.397
million kWh (kilowatt hour)
on an average in the last three years;
GHIAL has been certified for ISO 50001, which is an
international standard for energy management
system

Some of the important energy conservation


measures include:

1. Introduction of energy efficient LED (Light


Emitting Diode )lighting

2. Implementation of Building Automation System

3. Optimization of air conditioning units according


to ambient temperature and weather
conditions
National Energy Conservation Award 2011
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH
I SUSTAINABILITY I
GREEN BUILDINGS
A structure that is
environmentally responsible
and resource-efficient
throughout the building's life-
cycle

The RGIA Passenger Terminal


Building has ‘Leadership in
Energy and Environmental
Design’ (LEED) certification for
its unique design, which
allows maximum natural
lighting, and other features that
enable optimal use of energy
and water.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
GREENHOUSE GASES MANAGEMENT

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventory has been conducted since 2009
and the sam e was verified and validated by a third party in line with ISO
14064: 2006 (Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantification, Reporting and its
Removal) requirements. RGIA has reduced scope 1 and scope 2 emissionS
over the years.

In recognition of carbon emission reduction achieved in 2010 and 2011,


GHIAL received ‘Level 2 – reduction’ of Airport Carbon Accreditation in
2012.
In 2012, the scope of the GHG was extended to the stakeholders (Aircraft LTO
& ground handlers vehicles) which helped RGIA to obtain 'Level

3 – Optmisation' Airport Carbon Accreditation in the year 2013. RGIA became


the 1st Airport in the country and 2nd airport in the Asia Pacific Region to get
the level 3 accreditation.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
CARBON OPTIMIZATION

Reduction of carbon emission is a global concern. GHIAL has taken major


steps to reduce the carbon emission at our premises.

We have introduced vehicle pooling at the airport, this includes promoting


public transport for commuting to and from the airport and usage of free
shuttle and pool vehicles for employees to commute to terminal building.

In the year 2012, GHIAL reduced 4080 tons of CO2 e compared to the
base year 2009 through ongoing energy conservation practices

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
AIR & NOISE POLLUTION CONTROL
Battery operated vehicles
• FEGP units for aircraft in place of Auxillary Power Unit
• Pollution Control Measures for DG sets
• Single engine taxing procedure / Restriction in the
use of reverse thrust

WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT

• Wastewater is being treated in Sewage


Treatment Plant (STP) at site and reused for
flushing and plantation

• Sludge from STP is being used as manure

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
RAINWATER HARVESTING

•The runoff water is collected from the


paved areas into three major drains in the
airside
•Total runoff water collection facility is
1,85,000 KL
•The water is treated through Oil & Water
separator
•The recharge basin contains 10 recharge
structures. Each structure contains 5
recharge wells
•The rainwater net recharge is estimated at
1.729 million cubic meter per annum
•The water is used for flushing and irrigation

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I SUSTAINABILITY I
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

• Food waste generated from the airport is


converted as compost on the site
• Compost generation is about 355 tonnes /
annum
• Compost and STP sludge are being used
as manure in place of chemical
fertilizers
• Paper and plastic waste are being
handed over to recyclers
• Used Oil, E-waste & Bio-medical waste
disposed off to State Pollution
Control Board authorised agency
• Used Lead acid batteries are handed over
to dealers on buyback basis

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH


I INTERIOR I
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH
I REFERENCE I
http://travelreviewssite.com/airport-reviews/rajiv-gandhi-international-
airport-reviews/
http://www.hyderabad.aero/our-company.aspx

https://www.landrum-brown.com/en/projects/rajiv-gandhi-
international-airport/
https://www.slideshare.net/shruthikrishnan31
/green-technology-42224253

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE I RGIA - LEED I M.ARCH I OSHIN BALASINGH