You are on page 1of 38

PROJECT ON

AUTOMATIC MULTI LEVEL


PARKING

By
Vaibhav Verma, Siddharth Jain, Mandeep Singh, Nissar Ahmed, Adhirath Mandal,
Ashish Shukla, Amit Tyagi.

Northern India Engineering. College, GGSIP University, Delhi


PROJECT PLANNING
Tool Used – Arrow Diagram

Origination of Idea
1-2 Nov 2010

Paper Presentment
10-15 Days Making of Team

10 Days
1 Week Brainstorming
Preparing Presentation/Report For Conclave

1 week Development Of Idea

Registered for
DCE Innovation Conclave 2010
10 th Nov Actual Cost Estimation Of Project

Green font indicates work


completed as per plan
Presentation Of Report/Presentation For College
Red font indicates work not
2 weeks completed as per plan
NEED OF SMART PARKING SOLUTION??
 With more and more vehicles' adding to city roads
daily there is a urgent need of a smart parking
solution
 In Delhi itself 1 Lakh cars are added to roads per
month
 With Cars penetrating to every section of the
society
 Development of parking system on small level is
important for small housing complex
 These system should be cost effective without
compromising on the security and safety
CONVENTIONAL SOLUTIONS
 Large scale project
 Heavy investment
 Maintenance cost is high
 Larger Area
THE PROBLEMS
The problems that are not being covered in the
conventional parking solutions:
 Less parking space in residential area

 Cap

 Less investment

 Less maintenance cost


OUR SOLUTION
 Optimization of space
 Using a space of 4 cars
 Parking 11 cars
 4 Floors
 Less maintenance
 Less investment
 Only 3 motors used
 Security
 No car damage
 No theft
 Password protection
 Fully automatic
 Environment friendly
 Reliable
HARDWARE USED
 8051 & its standard connections
 Motor driver L293D
 3 stepper motors
 12 light sensors
 Matrix keyboard
 Keil Software to program
 Assembly language
PROTOTYPE DESCRIPTION

 Building Description
 Parking Slot
 Elevator
 Gear system
BUILDING DESCRIPTION
 Height
 4 floors
 Floors can be increased
X
 Space
 Using space of 4 cars
 Our prototype is 4X4 matrix

 Motor
 Motor “X”
 At the top for the building

 Light Sensors
 11 for parking slots
 1 for elevator
PARKING SLOTS

C
A B
 Column “A & B” same conveyer
 Column “C” separate conveyer

 No motors
ELEVATOR
 Separate conveyer
 2 motors
 Motor Y
 Motor Z

 Gear system
Y

Z
GEAR SYSTEM
 Y motor is giving drive to the
Z
platform
 Alternate gears in turn moves Y
the conveyer of the elevator
 Z motor allows to engage and
disengage the conveyer of the
elevator and parking slot

Plat Form
WORKING OF Z MOTOR

Ideal Position

Left Position

Right Position
PARKING LOGIC

Case 2 Case 1

• Entry
• Case 1
• Case 2
• Exit
• Case 1
• Case 2
ENTRY

Case 2
 Case 1 Case 1

 Highest priority zone


 Acts like an interrupt

 Case 2
 Parking of car acc. to priority
 Priority will be redefined after every parking
ENTRANCE OF CAR AT VACANT SPACE
7 3
8 6
9 5 2
10 4 Car 1
7 3
8 6
9 5 2
10 4 Car 1
7 Car 3
c

8 6
9 5 2
10 4 1
7 Car
11 7 3
c

8 6
9 5 2
10 4 1
EXIT
 Case 1
 Direct retrieval Case 2 Case 1

 New car will be parked in the same space

 Case 2
1. Column B
a) Retrieval direct
b) Redefining of priority
2. Column A
a) Buffer space (x) is used
b) Priority maintained after retrival
EXIT OF 11TH CAR
11 7 3
8 6
9 5 2
10 4 1
11 7 3
c

8 6
9 5 2
10 4 1
11 3
8 6 7
c

9 5 2
10 4 1
11 3
c

8 6 7
9 5 2
10 4 1
3
8 6 7
9 5 2
10 4 1
3
8 6 7
c

9 5 2
10 4 1
7 3
c

8 6
9 5 2
10 4 1
BENEFITS
 Optimization of the space as compare to conventional
parking
 Use of 3 motor only
 Less initial cost and less maintenance required
 Fully automatic
 Can be used in large infrastructure like hospital, malls,
official area.
 No human error
 More safety and reliability
 Simple infrastructure/design
 Converting 4 slots parking space into 11 slots space
 Probability of accidents is very less
 Environment friendly as car engine are off while being
parking in or out
OUR PLANNING FOR
NEXT SEMESTER
20th Jan 2011
Tool Used – Arrow Diagram
Start of work for working Model

Purchase through tryindia


15 April 2011
Project Ready for submission
10 Days Delivery of products
It Depends
Detection and correction of model
5Days Finalizing the workshop
2 Weeks
Programming
2 Weeks Making of gears 1 Weeks Test Run

Construction of Structure Installing electrical system


2 Weeks
2 Weeks
IMPLEMENTATION STUDY AT:
NEHRU PALACE PARKING,
NEAR PARAS CINEMA,
DELHI
WHY NEHRU PALACE ??
 largest IT market in Asia with
over 700 computer dealers .
 Computer dealers from all
over India come to Nehru
place to make their
IT purchases everyday.
 Limited parking spaces
available
 Very High commercial value
of land
 Parking mafia harasses the
costumers by overcharging,
parking vehicles illegally etc.

Article in Hindustan Times,Delhi


Date:20-04-2011
Page:2
PRESENT PARKING CONDITION
Total Available Parking Space
= Parking A + Parking B
= 45 * 81 + 40 * 30 m2
= 3645 + 1200
=4845m2
81 Meters

Average No. Of Cars Parked Daily


=Parking A + Parking B
45 Meters = 150 + 50 = 200
30 Meters
120 Meters
Current Scenario Peak Parking
Space Requirement
~400 Cars (A+B)

Nehru Palace Parking, Image Courtesy: Google


PURPOSED PARKING LAYOUT AND SPACE SAVING
: FOR PARKING A
Total Area Covered(Parking A)
= 81 * 45 m2

Area Left(Parking B)
= 1200 m2
Commercial value of Land in
Nehru Palace Area ~ 6.50 Lakh/ m2 *

Commercial value of Area Saved (Parking


B)
= 1200* 6.50 Lakh
= 78 Crore

Earlier Max. Peak Load = 200 45 m


Now,The Capacity Designed For = 396
Dividing it into 36 Parking Buildings (As shown in fig. Above)

Therefore,
Percentage Increase in parking space = 46.96%
*As inquired with Property Dealer
INVESTED COST PAY BACK PLANS
Plan 1: Instant Payback/Profit plan
 Total cost of the project = 7.80 Crore**
 Commercial Value of land Saved(Parking B) = 78 Crore
 Instant Profit if the Parking System is installed

Plan 2: Payback through parking charges


Total Parking space : 396 Cars
Parking Charges in Delhi : 10 Rs per hour
It is assumed Nehru Palace parking would be full for 15 hours and 50%
occupied for night 9 hours

Daily parking charges collected = (15*10+9*10/2)= Rs.195 Daily for one


parking slot(after paying running and maintenance charges)
Cost Per Parking Slot = 7.80/396 = Rs.1.96 Lakh**
Pay Back Period= 196000/195 Days
=1006 days = 2.75 Years **Cost analysis on page no XXX of project report
PROJECT PROGRESS SCHEDULE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2
S.no Job Next Job
1 Conceiving the idea for Study and optimization of idea
Project and design

2 Comparison and Optimizing the Designing a Layout


design for maximum efficiency
against a conventional parking
system (and other present systems)

3 Rough layout of the concept Making it on CAD

4 Rough layout on CAD is made using Alterations in design


CATIA

5 Corrections and Alterations in Drafting a rough flow chart for


design are made algorithm

6 Drafting the Algorithm for lift and Design of main key


entry/exit operation components (lift mechanism,
conveyer belt etc.)

7 Gears and motors are decided for the Presenting it to mentor


job

8 Animations and flow chart is Faults and recommendations of


presented to mentor mentor is noted

9 Final Components decided Progressing to build a


according to theoretical concept prototype and drafting a
synopsis

10 Economic Feasibility

11 Learning to Program
THANK YOU