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Tumukunde praises Besigye
By Caleb Bahikaho

Added 3rd March 2018 04:27 PM

Tumukunde made the remarks during the burial of Timothy Mark Kainamura Rukikaire, a
son to Mathew and Sheeba Rukikaire in Kabale district.

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PIC: Gen. Tumukunde laying a wreath on the casket containing the remains of Timothy
Mark Kainamura

EULOGIES

KABALE - Security minister Lt. Gen. Henry Tumukunde has praised Forum for
Democratic Change�s Kizza Besigye and former state minister for privatisation
Mathew Rukikaire for their outstanding support to the bush war that brought the
National Resistance Movement (NRM) Government in power.

�If it was not the first aid that Besigye gave me when I was shot in the leg, I
would be dead or my leg would be completely off,� he said.

Tumukunde made the remarks during the burial of Timothy Mark Kainamura Rukikaire, a
son to Mathew and Sheeba Rukikaire in Kabale district.

Kainamura was eulogised as innocent.

�My son has not left any possession such as certificate, wife, child or any
property and did not quarrel with anybody,� Rukikaire said.

Besigye honouring Timothy Mark Kainamura

The bishop of North Kigezi, Benon Magezi, thanked the Rukikaire family for looking
after the Kainamura until he passed on.

Tumukunde urged leaders with ideological differences to devise means of resolving


their issues them so that the country can move forward.

�How I wish to hear that Besigye, Amama Mbabazi, Rukikaire and President Yoweri
Museveni have resolved their differences as key players in fighting for the peace
we enjoy today,� he said.

Fomer Prime Minister Amama Mbabazi promised to unveil his second move soon, urging
Rukikaire to continue with the struggle to reunite the NRM liberators for the good
of our country,� he said.

Secretary to the treasury Keith Muhkanizi laying a wreath on the casket

On the other hand, Besigye said the history of Uganda and NRM is incomplete without
the Rukaikaires.
He said the first 27 people who started guerrilla war in 1981 sat Rukaikaire�s home
in Nsambya, Kampala.

�Museveni and his group started the bush war at Rukikaire�s, who funded them as he
headed Shell Petrol Station in the whole of East Africa,� he said.

�You can imagine a family which hosted rebels and supported them through keeping
their ammunitions and giving them food, as well as other logistics until they
finished the war, only to be forgotten soon after getting into power.�

�I was ashamed to be appointed minister at 27, before Rukikaire was appointed one."

"Rukikaire was appointed minister when I was no longer minister, which was
embarassing due to his contribution to the success of NRM Government.

SOUTH KOREA - North Korea on Saturday lambasted the US for attaching preconditions
to any dialogue between the states, as Seoul prepares to send an envoy to Pyongyang
to help open talks on easing the nuclear stand-off on the peninsula.

A spokesperson for the North's foreign ministry said a dialogue with the US is
"possible", but added that Pyongyang is open to talks only "on an equal footing"
and will not give up its nuclear and missile programmes to come to the table.

In the decades-long history of North-US talks, "there had been no case at all where
we sat with the US on any precondition, and this will be the case in future, too",
the spokesperson was quoted as saying by the North's KCNA news agency.

"We have intention to resolve issues in a diplomatic and peaceful way through
dialogue and negotiation, but we will neither beg for dialogue nor evade the
military option claimed by the US", he said.

Pyongyang has long expressed its desire to talk to Washington without


preconditions.

But the US says it must first take concrete steps toward disarming, and has ruled
out any possibility of talks before Pyongyang -- which last year staged multiple
missile and nuclear tests -- moves towards denuclearisation.

US officials also fret that the North's offer of talks could be an effort to drive
a wedge between Washington and its ally Seoul.

Pyongyang's latest message comes as Seoul prepares to send an envoy to the North to
help open talks on easing the nuclear stand-off, the most recent development in the
Olympic-driven detente between the two Koreas.

The marked rapprochement saw the two Koreas march into the Games opening ceremony
together behind a unification flag, and Moon share a historic handshake with North
Korean leader Kim Jong Un's sister Kim Yo Jong.

Moon has sought to use the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics that ended last Sunday to
open dialogue between Washington and Pyongyang, while the North mounted a charm
offensive during the Games, sending athletes, cheerleaders and high-level
delegations.

Moon, who advocates dialogue with the North to defuse tension, said on Monday that
Washington needs to "lower the threshold for talks" with the North.

In a meeting with North Korean General Kim Yong Chol on Sunday, Moon also urged the
North to open dialogue with the US as soon as possible -- to which Kim responded by
saying the North was "very willing" to hold talks.

But the White House earlier this week reaffirmed that denuclearisation is a key
part of any dialogue with Pyongyang.

"President Trump and President Moon noted their firm position that any dialogue
with North Korea must be conducted with the explicit and unwavering goal of
complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearisation," it said in a readout.

There was no known interaction between the North and the US during the Games and
Washington last week imposed what Trump described as the "heaviest ever" sanctions
on the isolated regime.

By Michael S. Rosenwald March 30, 2016 Email the author


Alexandra Elbakyan is a highbrow pirate in hiding.

The 27-year-old graduate student from Kazakhstan is operating a searchable online


database of nearly 50 million stolen scholarly journal articles, shattering the $10
billion-per-year paywall of academic publishers.

Elbakyan has kept herself beyond the reach of a federal judge who late last year
issued an injunction against her site, noting that damages could total $150,000 per
article � a sum that Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis, a journal in her
database, could help calculate. But she is not hiding from responsibility.

�There are many ways to argue that copyright infringement is not theft, but even if
it is, it is justified in this case,� she said in an instant-message interview via
Google. �All content should be copied without restriction. But for education and
research, copyright laws are especially damaging.�

Elbakyan is pursuing a master�s degree in the history of science while pursuing the
worldwide liberation of knowledge from, as she sees it, the tyranny of for-profit
publishers. Her ideology was shaped growing up in a former Soviet republic where
access to information and the Internet was difficult.

Alexandra Elbakyan is shown in this undated handout photo. She is the creator of
Sci-Hub, which provides free access to 50 million research articles that are
supposed to be behind paywalls. (Courtesy photo)
She has been compared to Robin Hood, although she said: �Sometimes I think it is
not a good comparison, since what he was doing was illegal. And sharing books and
research articles should not be illegal.�

Many academics, university librarians and longtime advocates for open scholarly
research are closely following Elbakyan�s efforts. They think she is finally giving
academic publishers their Napster moment, a reference to the illegal music-sharing
service that disrupted and permanently altered the industry.

�While we don�t condone fraud and using illegal sources, I will say that I
appreciate how she is shining a light on just how out-of-whack the system is of
providing easy access to basic information that our universities and scholars need
to advance science and research,� said Heather Joseph, executive director of SPARC,
an organization that advocates for open access to research. �This has been a
problem for decades.�

But to publishers, the only example Elbakyan is setting is that of a thief.


�This is outright piracy,� said Lui Simpson, executive director of international
enforcement and trade policy for the Association of American Publishers. �Nobody is
justified in doing this.�

A publish-or-perish world
Like other content businesses, the journal industry has largely moved online. But
unlike newspapers, magazines or other information industries, academic publishers
have avoided giving their content away free. Scholarly publishing, the Financial
Times has said, is �the business the Internet could not kill.�

[Why digital natives prefer reading in print. Yes, you read that right.]

In many ways, academia has itself to blame for its dilemma. Higher education is a
publish-or-perish world in which administrators judge professors based on their
scholarly output, basically outsourcing the validation of a scholar�s worth. That
gives journals enormous intrinsic value, if not to society then to academics
themselves. Brands such as the Academy of Management Annals and the Annual Review
of Condensed Matter Physics matter.

Scholars and librarians say that the publishers use this to take advantage of them.

Researchers sign over the copyright and provide their work, often taxpayer-funded,
free to publishers who get other researchers to review the papers � also free. The
publishers sell journal subscriptions � some titles cost more than $5,000 a year �
back to universities and the federal government. And if someone wants an article,
that costs about $35, so that person is paying for the research and to read the
results.

�That means that I, as a taxpayer, [am] paying for the research and paying again
for the benefit of reading it,� a man who identified himself as John Dowd wrote to
the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy as part of a forum on
public access. �This seems patently unfair.�

Critics also say that publishers raise prices faster than inflation � each side
argues pricing �changes in differing and confusing ways � and further increase
their revenue by continually adding new journals for universities to subscribe to
individually or in packages. There are 28,100 journals publishing 2.5 million
articles a year. Expenses for journals and other subscriptions have risen 456
percent since 1986, according to the Association of Research Libraries.

[Where are the books? Libraries under fire as they shift from print to digital]

For researchers whose libraries have cut back on journal spending or for those
working in Kazakhstan and other developing countries, spending $35 per paper or
using interlibrary loans is, they complain, too onerous and slows down their
research. Some trade articles on Twitter and Reddit.

Pirating was a skill Elbakyan learned growing up in Almaty, the largest city in
Kazakhstan, where Internet access was extremely limited and content � books, music,
movies � was expensive. That experience shaped this belief: �All content,� she
declares, �should be copied without restriction.�

Elbakyan has studied neuroscience and consciousness in laboratories at Georgia Tech


and Albert-Ludwigs University in Freiburg, Germany. At first, she pirated papers
for herself and other researchers. She noticed so many requests that she decided to
automate the process, setting up Sci-Hub four years ago.
Sci-Hub connects to a database of stolen papers. If a user requests a paper in that
database, Sci-Hub serves it up. If the paper is not there, Sci-Hub uses library
passwords it has collected to find a paper, provides it to the searcher, then dumps
the paper in the database. The site can be clunky to use, often sending users to
Web pages in foreign languages.

Elbakyan and her supporters have said that the passwords were donated by those
sympathetic to her cause. But she also acknowledges that some passwords were
obtained using the kind of phishing methods that hackers use to dupe people out of
financial information.

�It may be well possible that phished passwords ended up being used at Sci-Hub,�
she said. �I did not send any phishing emails to anyone myself. The exact source of
the passwords was never personally important to me.�

A legal war launched


The industry watched closely as Sci-Hub use grew, with more than 150,000 stolen
papers downloaded per day, according to Elbakyan. Although publishers say those
downloads represent a small fraction of all papers legally obtained, the industry
decided to fight back last year.

Elsevier, the world�s largest journal publisher, sued Elbakyan in federal court in
New York, alleging copyright infringement and computer fraud. The company says that
she and others operate �an international network of piracy and copyright
infringement by circumventing legal and authorized means of access.� Elbakyan was
offered help to retain an attorney, but she never got one, instead writing a letter
to the court explaining her actions.

�Elsevier,� she wrote, �operates by racket: if you do not send money, you will not
read any papers. On my website, any person can read as many papers as they want for
free, and sending donations is their free will. Why Elsevier cannot work like this,
I wonder?�

A judge issued a preliminary injunction against Sci-Hub. Elbakyan simply switched


domains, keeping the database available.

Publishers acknowledge that they probably can never catch up with Elbakyan, yet
they are adamant that Sci-Hub will not harm them or evolve into a future business
model the way that Napster ultimately led to Apple�s iTunes � and dramatic revenue
losses for record labels.

But the risk for publishers is that if library funding struggles continue, forcing
deep cutbacks on subscriptions, professors will turn to Sci-Hub more, causing a
slow erosion of the industry. A recent survey by University of Southern California
and California State University librarians of more than 250 academics found that 41
percent �don�t care� about copyright. Thirty percent think that �information should
be free.�

Publishers and experts on academic publishing acknowledge that the industry has a
tougher story to sell these days.

�People often say to me, �You don�t pay the authors. You don�t pay the reviewers.
You hardly print anymore. The Web is free. Why do you charge?�?� said H. Frederick
Dylla, the former director of the American Institute of Physics and board member of
the Association of American Publishers. �It sounds like a compelling argument. But
it actually isn�t.�

Albert Greco, a publishing expert at Fordham University who is working on a book


about scholarly publishing, said those making that argument are forgetting
everything they learned or should have learned in economics class.

�There are costs,� he said. �Does The Washington Post have a paywall?�

Yes.

�So is it fair then if some high school student wants to really follow the Supreme
Court and doesn�t have the money to pay?� Greco said. �Life is a bitter mystery. We
can�t give everything away for free. It�s not that kind of country.�

Even with the shift away from print, publishers say they provide valuable services.
Kent Anderson, an academic publishing consultant, has posted a list of �96 things
publishers do� on the blog Scholarly Kitchen � from training and managing peer
reviewers to preventing plagiarism to building interactive components into digital
versions.

Anderson said in an interview that the controversy over academic publishing has
become �an emotional and social crusade� that bends the facts. Sure, there are more
journals and articles being published, but he said the increases are in line with
the growth in federal research funding. The real problem: Library budgets haven�t
kept up.

�Ultimately,� he wrote in a post on Scholarly Kitchen, �the root cause of larger


information expenditures is a growth in research funding, researcher numbers, and
research-driven careers.�

An open-access movement
Librarians, of course, disagree.

They say that publishers are too opportunistic in generating ideas for revenue.
They also point to data showing that journals from nonprofit publishers are cheaper
than for-profit journals, sometimes by more than 50 percent.

Whether Elbakyan�s actions and the resulting controversy fuel a massive disruption
to the industry, it is clear, critics say, that for-profit academic publishing is
facing regulatory and competitive head winds.

The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy is mandating that agencies
funding more than $100 million in research require the final, peer-reviewed version
of the manuscript � if not the published paper � to be freely available within 12
months of publication.

A movement for open-access journals is building momentum, with about 7,300 in


circulation.

Open-access journals, which include the popular PLOS One, typically charge
researchers more than $1,000 for publication but make the papers instantly
available for free online. Universities also are setting up repositories for their
faculty members to post papers, although only in manuscript form. Cold Spring
Harbor Laboratory hosts a Web site for scientists to post their papers � without
peer review � before submitting them to journals.

Industry representatives said they welcome competition from open-access journals,


but they also said that those publications lack the intellectual rigor and clout
that professors need to advance their careers.

Instead, they are adding open-access options to their journals � sometimes with
fees double that of what the start-ups charge, frustrating researchers. Elsevier
said it is the fourth-largest open-access publisher, publishing 20,000 open-access
articles last year.

How this all ends, nobody really knows.

In the meantime, Elbakyan is adding to her collection of stolen papers every day.

Where is she?

�The exact location is secret,� she said.