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User’s manual and Technical description

Document No: 1MDV07203-YN NI 40/41


Issued: July 2007 Numerical Three phase Over current
Version A and Earth Fault Relay

Data subject to change without notice

Contents

Sr. Description Page


No. No.
1 About this manual 3
2 The use of the relay 3
3 Feature 3
4 application 4
5 Brief description of operation 4
6 Connection diagram 6
7 Power supply module and output relay card 10
8 HMI features 11
9 Menu systems 14
10 Main Menu 14
11 Group menu, subgroup menu and Parameter menu. 14
12 Measurements 15
13 Recorded data 17
14 Settings 22
15 Configuration 27
16 Time current characteristics 32
17 Technical Data 37
18 Maintenance & Repair 41
19 Internal relay failure 41
20 Dimensions and mounting 41
21 Ordering Details 42
3

1 About this manual


This manual provides information on the protection relay NI 40/41 and its applications, focusing on giving
a technical description of the relay. The manual also provides basic information on the protection relay NI
40/41 and presents detailed instructions on how to use the Human-Machine Interface (HMI) of the relay,
also known as the Man-Machine Interface (MMI).

2 The use of the relay


NI 40/41 is a versatile protection relay mainly designed to protect incoming and outgoing feeders in a
wide range of feeder applications. NI 40/41 is based on a microprocessor environment. A self
supervision system continuously monitors the operation of the relay. The HMI has a Liquid Crystal
Display (LCD) which makes the local use of the relay

3 Features
Protection functions ANSI Code MODEL
NI40 NI41
Three-phase over current protection 51 X X
low-set stage (IDMT or DT)
Three-phase over current 50 X
protection, high -set stage (DT)
Earth fault protection, low-set 51N X X
stage (IDMT or DT)
Earth fault protection, 50N X
high-set stage (DT)
Facility of site selection of IDMT curves for low set stage X X
Four standard IDMT curves (NI, VI, EI, LI) as per IEC standard. X X
Wide and accurate numerical settings with perfect long time stability. X X
Measurement, Monitoring and Recording Function
Measuring of 3 Phase current in primary or secondary terms X X
Measurement of Neutral current in primary or secondary terms. X X
Latest Five fault data recording
Extensive relay internal self supervision monitoring relay hardware and software. X X
Trip lockout function X X
Display and Indications
16 x 2 Alpha numeric LCD display with backlit X X
Aux. supply on, Fault alarm / trip, Internal Relay Failure indication LED's X X
Display of fault cause indication X X
Inputs and Outputs
Four accurate current inputs X X
Normally open heavy duty output contacts X X
Two change over signaling output contacts X X
Freely configurable output contacts X X
Dedicated output contact for relay internal self supervision X X
Low burden on current transformer X X
Relay Design
Relay case with a degree of protection according to IP54 X X
Design confirming to requirements of IEC 60255 X X
Design immune to any kind of electromagnetic interference X X
Dimensions: 196 (H) x 166 (W). Depth behind panel only 158 mm. X X
4

4 Application
This composite relay facilitates combined three phase over current and neutral current relay functions
for use with selective short-circuit and time-over current protection of distribution feeders. It can also be
applied to feeder earth fault protection in solidly earthed, resistance earthed and isolated neutral
networks.
As multi-function solutions, these relays can be flexibly adapted to different kind of incoming and
outgoing feeders in varying substation environments. The NI 40/41 series of relays can be used for
protection of feeders of utility and industrial applications.
With its compact size and unique technical features, NI 40/41 is an ideal relay for retrofit, small
switchgear and switchgear with limited space. A small mounting depth makes it possible to install the
relay in places where space is money and every millimeter counts.

5 Brief description of operation


In addition to its comprehensive protection functions, the relay provides additional features such as
measurement data in primary value, RMS value in terms of In, fault data recording, fault indications etc.
LCD display and three front LEDs enable fast fault indication. The fault recorded data helps user for
quick fault diagnostics and analysis. The relay also has freely configurable output relays for tripping and
signaling. These value-added features make NI 40 / 41 a product beyond compare.
The combined over current and earth-fault relay is a secondary relay to be connected to the current
transformers of the object to be protected. The three phase over current unit and the earth-fault unit
continuously measure the phase currents and the neutral current of the protected object. On detection of
a fault, the relay trips the circuit breaker, provides alarm, records fault data etc. in accordance with the
application and the configured relay functions.
When the phase current exceeds the set start current of the low-set stage I>, and when the set operate
time at definite time elapses or the calculated operate time at inverse time operation elapses, the over
current unit operates.
In the same way, the high-set stage I>> of the over current unit ( for NI 41 ) operates and delivers a trip
signal when the set start current exceeds and the set operate time elapses. When the earth-fault current
exceeds the set start current of the low-set stage Io>, and the set operate time at definite time operation
elapses or the calculated operate time at inverse time operation elapses, the earth-fault unit operates. In
the same way the highset stage Io>> of the earth fault unit ( for NI 41 ) operates and delivers a trip signal
when the set start current exceeds and the set operate time elapses.
The low-set stage of the over current unit and the low-set stage of the earth-fault unit may be given
definite time or inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic. When the IDMT characteristic is
chosen, four time / current curves are available that comply with BS 142:1962 and IEC 255 standards
and are named "Normal inverse", "Very inverse", “Extremely inverse” and "Long-time inverse".
By appropriate configuration of the output relay matrix, the trip signals of the over current and earth fault
units are obtained as contact functions.
5

IL1 TRIP

THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME


IL2 OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET 51 SIGNAL 1
OVER CURRENT PROTECTION

IL3 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME SIGNAL 2


OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET 51N
EARTH FAULT PROTECTION

Io IRF

Figure 1: Protection function of Three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 40

IL1 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME TRIP


OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET 51
OVER CURRENT PROTECTION

IL2 THREE PHASE INSTANTANEOUS SIGNAL 1


OR DEFINITE TIME HIGH SET 50
OVER CURRENT PROTECTION

IL3 THREE PHASE INVERSE TIME SIGNAL 2


OR DEFINITE TIME LOW SET 51N
EARTH FAULT PROTECTION

Io THREE PHASE INSTANTANEOUS IRF


OR DEFINITE TIME HIGH SET 50N
EARTH FAULT PROTECTION

Figure 2: Protection function of Three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 41
6

6 Connection diagram

INTERNAL RELAY FAILURE

IRF

Figure 3 Connection diagram for three phase Numerical overcurrent and earth fault relay
type NI 40/41 with core balance CT for earth fault.
7

Connection diagram

Figure 4 Connection diagram for three phase Numerical overcurrent and


earth fault relay type NI 40/41 with residual connection of CT’s for earth fault.
8

Uaux Auxiliary voltage


Tr, S1, S2, IRF Output relays
IRF Self-supervision (Internal relay failure)
TRIP Trip output relay
SIGNAL 1 Signal on operation of the overcurrent / Earth fault unit
SIGNAL 2 Signal on operation of the overcurrent / Earth fault unit
T1 Power On indication
T2 IRF indication
T3 Start / Trip Indication

Figure 5 Terminal arrangement of Numerical three phase over current and earth fault relay Type NI 40/41
9

The energizing currents of the over current unit protection function.


are connected to terminals R1-R2, Y1-Y2 & B1-
On delivery from the factory all the protection
B2
stages are routed to the trip relay. A latching of
The relay can also be used in single-phase or the output relay Tr can be selected by setting
two-phase applications simply by leaving one the configuration of TRIP as HR (Hand Reset).
or two energizing inputs unoccupied.
Output relays S1 and S2 can be used for
The energizing current for the earth-fault unit is signaling on operation of the relay module. The
connected to terminals E1-E2. signals to be routed to the output relays S1 and
S2 is carried out by selecting relay configuration
The auxiliary supply voltage of the relay is
submenu in Configuration menu and then
connected to terminals 14-16. At d.c. supply the
routing over current or earth fault for desired
positive lead is connected to terminal 16. The
signaling relays S1& S2
level of the voltage to be applied to the terminals
depends on the type of power supply module . Both signaling relays, S1 & S2 are configured
Available levels are 18-80v DC or 80-265v for signaling on operation of the over current
AC/DC. For further details earth see the unit and earth fault unit which is the default
description of the power supply module. The setting of the relay on delivery from the factory.
permitted auxiliary voltage range of the relay is
Output relay IRF functions as output relay for
marked on the relay front panel.
the self-supervision system of the protection
Output relay Tr is a heavy-duty trip relay relay. The relay IRF is energized under normal
capable of controlling most circuit breakers. operating conditions and contact gap 27-28 is
The operate signals of the different protection closed. If a fault is detected by the self-
stages are routed to the trip relay by selecting supervision system, or on loss of auxiliary
relay configuration inside the main menu of the supply, the output relay drops off and the NO
relay and routing the desired relay for that contact 28-29 closes.

Signal Diagram

Figure 6 The figure below schematically illustrates how the trip and control signals can be
configured to obtain required protection function.
10

Signal IL1, IL2, IL3 Energizing current of phase L1, L2 & L3


Abbreviation Io Neutral Current (Residual Current)
Tr Trip relay
S1 Signal Relay 1
S2 Signal Relay 2
IRF Internal relay Failure

7. Power Supply Module and


Output relay Card
To be able to operate the relay needs a secured The power supply unit is a pulse-width
auxiliary voltage supply. The power supply modulated (PWM) dc/dc converter with
module forms the voltages required by the galvanically isolated primary and secondary
protection relay cards and the auxiliary relays. sides. It forms the dc secondary voltages
The power supply module contains the power required by the protection relay module; i.e.
supply unit and the control circuits of the output +24 V, + 12 V and +8 V. The output voltages +12
relays. Output relay card contains trip and V and +24 V are stabilized in the power supply
signal output relays. module, while the +5 V & + 3.3 V required by the
The primary side of the power supply module is processor card are stabilized by linear power
protected with a fuse, F1, located on the PCB of supply on it.
the module. The fuse size is 1 A (slow).

A green LED indicator POWER ON on the Insulation test voltage between the primary and
system front panel is lit when the power supply secondary side and the protective earth
module is in operation. The supervision of the 2 kV, 50 Hz, 1 min
voltages supplying the electronics is located in
Rated power Pn 5W
the power supply module. If a secondary
voltage differs too much from its rated value, a Voltage ranges of the power supply modules :
self-supervision alarm will be generated. An 1. Uaux = 80...265 V dc/ac
alarm is also issued on loss of auxiliary supply.
2. Uaux = 18...80 V dc
There are two versions of power supply
The power supply module for 80...265v can be
modules available. For both types, the
fed from either an ac source of a dc source. The
secondary sides and the relay driver circuits are
18...80V power supply module is designed for
identical, but the input voltage ranges differ.
dc supply only. The permitted auxiliary voltage
range of the relay is marked on the relay system
front panel.
11

8 HMI features
Front panel
The front panel of the protection relay includes:
• An alphanumeric 16 x 2 characters LCD (Liquid crystal display) with backlight which makes the
local use of the relay safe and easy.
• Three indicator LEDs (Green, Red, Green/Red)
• An HMI push button section with four arrow buttons and buttons for clear/cancel and enter

3
4

Figure 8 Front view of Numerical three phase overcurrent and earth fault relay Type NI 40/41

1 LCD
2 HMI push button section
3 Indicator LEDs:
• Top: Power On (green)
• Middle: IRF (Red)
• Bottom: Alarm (Green) / Trip (red)*
4 Voltage rating, Current rating, Article No., Relay Serial No. details

Navigation
Push Button
The front panel of the relay module contains four arrow push buttons and buttons for Clear [C] and enter
[E]. The arrow buttons are used for navigating the menu structure and for adjusting the setting values.

Figure 9 Navigation, Clear and Enter buttons

* In order to reset the trip indicating LED press Enter Key [‘E’] and left arrow button [ ]for three seconds after
entering the main menu.
12

The next table gives short explanations of the push-buttons and their functions.
Table 1. Push Button functions

Key Functions
Left Key - Used to come out of the given sub-menu
- Also used to change the digit location to left
in settings mode

Up Key - Used to scroll up in the menu/sub menu


- Also used to increment the value of the
digit in settings menu

Down Key - Used to scroll down in the menu/sub-menu


- Also used to decrement the value of the
digit in settings menu

Right Key - Used to go inside the given menu/sub-menu


- Also used to change the digit edit location to
right in settings mode

E Enter Key - Used to store the data in the settings

C Escape Key - Used to come at the top of the menu


from anywhere

Password Key - Used to enter the edit mode in Settings and


E + C Configuration menu

+ E Release Key - Used to release the latched indication / Relay

Display
Display Test at power up
When connecting the auxiliary voltage to the relay:
1. The "Power on" indicator glows green.
2. The display shows the relay type “NI 40” or “NI 41”.
3. Simultaneously start/trip indication glows, if the same existed before the last power failure.
4. The backlight is lit.
5. The display will be returned to the idle mode and the backlight turned off.
6. The display will continuously show three phase dynamic current and earth fault leakage current in
secondary terms per unit value.
13

Display modes
When the display is in idle mode, the dynamic values of phase and earth current will be displayed in
secondary terms per unit values.

Figure 10 Display in idle mode

When the display is in the view mode, you can only view the parameters. The below figure shows
current in phase L1 in primary terms.

Figure 11 Display in view mode

When the display is in the setting mode, you can also edit the settings.

Figure 12 Display in setting mode


Display backlight

Normally the backlight of the display is off.


• The backlight is lit in approx 5 sec. after pressing any arrow button on the HMI. This displays “ABB” on
the LCD.
• If the HMI panel is not used for approximately ten seconds, the backlight will be turned off automatically,
and relay will resume idle mode.
14

9. Menu system
The menus are used for reading and setting the parameters, reading recorded values, and so forth. The
menu system is divided into three or four levels (depending on the parameters):
• MAIN MENU
• Group menu
• Subgroup menu
• Parameter menu

10. Main menu


The main view is the MAIN MENU, which is followed by the hierarchical structure of group, subgroup and
parameter menus. In all menu levels, the first row of the display is dedicated for the header text that
shows the name of the current menu.
The main menu contains four main groups:
• MEASUREMENTS
• RECORDED DATA
• SETTINGS
• CONFIGURATION

To enter the main menu press the down arrow button for approximately 5 seconds after back light is
displayed.

Figure 13 The display shows one of the main menu group

To navigate between the main menu groups, use UP and Down arrow keys.
To return the display to the top of all menu press [C] button
The display will be returned to the idle mode on expiration of the time out.

11. Group menu and Sub group menu and parameter menu

The menu structure contains several Groups and Subgroups. The name of the main menu group is
always shown on the first line. The second line displays either the name of the group menu, the name of
the parameter and the parameter value, or just the parameter value, in which case it is also the name of
the parameter.

Figure 14 The display showing the first group menu


of the main menu “recorded data”
15

Figure 15 The display showing the first sub group menu


of group menu. “Recorded data-current”.

Figure 16 The display showing the first parameter menu of first


subgroup & group menu of recorded data menu.

1 To enter a Group or sub group menu, press right arrow key & to return back / exit, press Left arrow
key.
2 To navigate between the main levels in the submenus, use up or down arrow keys.
3 On entering group/subgroup menu, use right arrow key to enter parameter menu.
4 To navigate between the levels in the parameter menu, use up or down arrow keys.
5 Press [C] push button to return the display to the top of main menu.

12. MEASUREMENTS

You can monitor all measured values via MEASUREMENTS in the HMI menu. In the measurement
menu, the values on phases L1, L2, L3 & neutral current are displayed in
• Secondary term per unit values
• Primary terms

To access the measured values on phases L1, L2, L3 and Io via the HMI menu
1. Press the down arrow button to access the main menu.
2. The first main menu is the Measurement
3. Press the right arrow key to enter the group menu.
4. The first group menu is the "Nominal".
5. Use of right arrow key allows you to enter the parameter menu directly, which has 4 parameters
showing the current of phases L1, L2, L3 and Earth fault current Io in secondry terms.
6. From the group menu “nominal” push the down arrow button to go the next Group menu of
measurement menu. This is the second & the last group menu "AMPERE".
7. Use of right arrow key allows you to enter the parameter menu directly, which shows 4 parameters,
the currents of Phase L1, L2, L3 and Earth fault current Io in primary terms respectively.

‘Nominal’ group displays the PU value of currents in secondary terms. The 'Ampere' group menu
displays the current in primary terms, e.g. when the relay is connected to 300/5A CT & the current of 150
A is flowing, the current displayed in nominal measurement is 0.50 and the current in Ampere will be
150A*

* Refer note on sheet 22.


16

The below figure represents measurement main, group and parameter menu

Main Menu Group Menu Parameter Menu


M E A S U R E M E N T M E A S U R E M E N T M E A S U R E M E N T

N O M I N A L N O M L 1 : X X . X X

M E A S U R E M E N T

N O M L 2 : X X . X X

M E A S U R E M E N T

N O M L 3 : X X . X X

M E A S U R E M E N T

N O M I 0 : X X . X X

M E A S U R E M E N T M E A S U R E M E N T

A M P E R E A m p L 1 : X X X X X A

M E A S U R E M E N T

A m p L 2 : X X X X X A

M E A S U R E M E N T

A m p L 3 : X X X X X A

M E A S U R E M E N T

A m p I 0 : X X X X X A

Figure 17 Measurement menu and its sub menu's


17

13. Recorded Data


The menu displays
• stored event values of the protection functions I>, I>>, Io> & Io>>
• stored duration between start and unit trip situation of the protection functions I>, I>>, Io> & Io>>
• registers number of trips of I>, I>>, Io> & Io>>
The parameter values measured at the trip instance are recorded in the registers. The recorded data, in
the event list will keep rolling with first in first out principle. The data are stored in the registers even if the
auxiliary voltage supply to the relay is interrupted. All settings and fault records are maintained in a
non - volatile memory.

How to monitor recorded data

1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.


2. Use DOWN arrow key to select RECORDED DATA which is the second in the main menu.
3. Press right arrow to enter the first group menu "Current".
4. Use right arrow key to enter into the sub group menu "Event 1" of the submenu Current.
5. Further use of right arrow key displays the Parameter menu showing Current value in phase L1
during that particular event.
6. Use Down arrow keys to view current value in phases L2, L3 and Earth current.
7 In order to return to the event 1 press left arrow key
8. Using the navigation keys currents of previous 4 events can be viewed as described above.
9. On returning to Current menu Use Down arrow to go to other group menu "Time" and "Trip Count"
10. Similarly Duration of start to unit trip situation of I>, I>>, Io> & Io>> can be viewed in event subgroup
menu of Time group menu & trip counts of individual fault in "Trip count" group menu.

Main Menu Group Menu

Figure 18 The below figure represents the main menu "Recorded Data" and its group menu's
18

Group Menu Sub Group Menu

Figure 19 The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data - Current" and its
Subgroup menu's "Events 1-5"
19

Sub Group Main Menu Parameter Menu

Figure 20 The below figure represents the subgroup menu "Event 1" and its parameter menu's showing
the value of current L1, L2, L3 & Io for event 1.

In the same manner Each Current Events (Event 2- Event 5) have recorded data of Three phase currents
and earth current
20
Main Menu Group Menu

Figure 21 The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data - Time" and its Subgroup menu's
“Events 1-5"
21

Sub group menu Parameter menu

Figure 22 The below figure represents the subgroup menu "Event 1" of Time group menu and
its parameter menu's t>, t>>, to>, to>>

Similarly each time events (Event 2- Event 5) have recorded data of three phase currents and earth
current duration between start & trip of unit.

Group menu Parameter menu

Figure 23The below figure represents the group menu "Recorded data - trip count" and its parameter menu's
22

14. Settings
This menu is used to change the value of primary and secondary* currents and setting of overcurrent
and earth fault lowset and higset** values.
In order to secure all parameters, all settings and values are recorded in non volatile memory. If for any
reason, the content of memory are disturbed, all default setting from the DSP controller are written in the
memory. If the memory is damaged the relay will set an alarm signal through IRF output relay and will
display IRF code on LCD screen.
How to change the setting values.

1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.


2. Use DOWN arrow key to select SETTINGS which is the third in the main menu.
3. Pressing right key shows group menu "Primary CT ratio"

Main Menu Group Menu

Figure 24 The display shows first group menu of main menu "Settings”

4. further use the right key to enter the parameter menu.


5. The first parameter menu is for setting the primary current

Group Menu Parameter Menu

Figure 25 The display shows first parameter menu for setting primary of group menu "Primary Settings"

6. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed.
7. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.
8. Use up or down keys to select the appropriate digits and left and right arrows to move between
digits thereby set the desired value of primary current #.
9. Press Enter key to save the setting.
10. The second parameter menu is for setting secondary CT ratio 1 or 5 Amps.

* The secondary current rating 1A / 5A of the relay is fixed as per article no/name plate. Relay is programmed with
default factory setting of 100A primary and 1 A secondary. The relay should be ordered such to have In = 1A or 5A in
line with CT specification. "I primary" & “I secondary” should be set accordingly in order to observe correct
measurement in measurement parameter menu.
** For NI 41 only
#
Maximum primary current that can be set is 1600A. (Primary current for measurement purpose only)
23

1st Parameter menu

2nd Parameter menu

Figure 26 The display shows second parameter menu for setting secondary current

11. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed
12. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.
13. Use up or down keys to choose between 1 or 5 Amp.
14. Press Enter key [’E’] to save the setting.
15 The next group menus are settings for Low and High** set of Over current and earth fault i.e. I>,I>>,
Io>, Io>>.

**
For NI 41 only
24

Main Menu Group menu

Figure 27 The display shows group menus in order for Main menu "Settings”
25
The low set stage of the overcurrent unit and the low set stage of the earth fault unit may be given definite
time or inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic. When the IDMT characteristic is chosen
four time/current curves are available. These curves comply with the BS 142 and IEC 60255 and are
named "Normal inverse", "Very inverse", "Extremely inverse" and "Long-time inverse".
The high set stage (for NI 41 only) can be used for instantaneous application by keeping the minimum
setting of 50ms or for DMT with Maximum time duration of 64 Seconds.

How to set a parameter for I>, Io>

1. The first parameter menu for I> or Io> is the selection of Characteristic Curve*.

Group menu Parameter Menu

Figure 28 The display shows parameter menus for selection of setting curve.

2. In order to select/change, first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else the
screen will return to top of all menu.
3. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD blink.
4. Use up or down keys to choose between DMT and other different types of curves.
5. Press [E] key to save the selected curve.
6. The next parameter menu is for setting the value of I> (or Io>).

Group menu Parameter Menu

Figure 29 The display shows parameter menus for setting of I>

Group menu Parameter Menu

Figure 30 The display shows parameter menus for setting of Io>


*
All new characteristics curve, if added in future, shall be located at the end of existing curve’s in
parameter menu.
26
The relay can be set for 0.50 - 2.00 in step of 0.01for Overcurrent i.e. I> and 0.10 - 0.80 of In in steps
of 0.01 for Earth fault.
7. In order to change the setting, first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else
the screen will return to top menu.
8. Releasing the key will show the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
9. Use up or down keys to choose between values and left - right arrows for selecting digits.
10. Press [E] key to save the selected value.
11. The next parameter menu is for setting of time (t> to to>) for DMT curve, if selected, or TMS
Factor 'K' incase any IDMT curve is selected. The relay will only show t> (for I>) or t0> (for I0>) or
"k" based on the type of curve characteristic selected.

Parameter Menu for I> setting Parameter Menu for Io> setting

1st
parameter

2nd
parameter

Figure 31 The display shows parameter menus for setting of t> to to> when DMT characterisitics is selected.

13. t0 can be set between 0.05 sec - 64 Sec. The method of changing the time in sec for t> to to> is
the same as that of setting the Values of I> & I0> as shown above. (Steps 7-10)

Figure 32 The display shows parameter menus for setting of k> when any IDMT curve is selected.

The setting range of time multiplier 'k' is 0.05, 0.1-1.0 in the steps of 0.1. In order to change the value of
“K” , simply use up or down key after entering the edit mode.

How to set parameter for I>> & Io>>


1. The first parameter menu of group menu “High set I>>” or “High set I0>>” is for setting the value
of I>> or I0>>.

Figure 33 The display shows parameter menus for setting of I>> & Io>>

The setting range of I>> is from 50-2000% of In (In = 1 or 5A).


The setting range of Io>> is from 10-1000% of In (In = 1 or 5A).

2. The next parameter menu is the time 't>' or 'to>'.


27

Figure 34 The display shows parameter menus for setting of t> and to>>.

The setting range of time 't>' & 'to>' is 0.05 to 64Sec. The procedure of changing the the Values of
I>> & Io>> and time t> & to> is the same as mention above.

15. Configuration
This menu is used for
l Blocking of particular protection
l Assigning Hand reset (HR) or Self reset (SR) to trip relay Tr.
l Relay configuration - to route particular protection to trip and/or signaling relay.

Configuration Blocking
The first group menu of the configuration menu is "Blocking”
Main menu Group menu

Figure 35 The display shows the first group menu Blocking of the main menu "Configuration".

How to enable blocking of protection function.


1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu.
3. Pressing right key shows group menu "Blocking"
4. Further use the right key to enter the parameter menu.
5. The first parameter menu is for blocking the Low-set over current.

Group menu Parameter Menu

Figure 36 The display shows first parameter group for blocking of I>.

6. As a company default setting all the protection funcitons are unblocked.


7. In order to change the value first press Enter key [E] and then [C] with E key still pressed else
will return out of all menus
8. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
9. Use up or down keys to select 'YES' for blocking or 'NO' to keep protection in USE.
10. Press Enter key to save the setting.
11. Use the down arrow to go to next parameter menu(s).
28

Figure 37 The display shows second parameter group for blocking of I>>**.

Figure 38 The display shows third parameter group for blocking of Io>

Figure 39 The display shows fourth and last parameter group for
blocking of Io>>**

The procedure of blocking of I>>, Io>, Io>> is same as mentioned above for blocking I>.

Configuration Trip
The second group menu of the configuration menu is "Trip”

Main menu Group menu

Figure 40 The display shows the second group menu "TRIP" of the main menu "Configuration".

This menu is used to latch (the output relay remains picked up after operation ) the trip relay Tr on a fault,
although the energizing current falls below the start current. The trip signal is to be manually rest by
pushing the push button [E] and left arrow key ( )simultaneously after accessing main menu.
How to latch & reset the trip relay Tr.
1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu.
3. Press right key to enter group menus. Press down arrow for"Trip" which is second in the group
menu.
4. Use the right key to enter the parameter menu.

Figure 41 The display shows parameter menu for selecting Trip relay Tr. for Hand or Self reset.
29
5. As a company default setting the trip relay Tr. is set as SR or self reset.
6. In order to change the mode of reseting the trip relay Enter key [E] and then [C] with [E] key
still pressed else will return out of all menus
7. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
8. Use up or down keys to select 'HR' for selecting trip relay Tr. in latched mode or 'SR' or self
reset which allows the trip relay Tr. to reset as soon as energizing input goes below setting
level.
9. Press Enter key [E] to save the setting.
10. In order to reset the Tr. relay when latched, press any key and wait till the backlight glows. Then
press left arrow key with “E” key pressed for 3 seconds.

Relay Configuration

Relay configuration' is the third and last group menu of 'Configuration' menu.
Main Menu Group Menu

Figure 42.The display above shows the group menu 'Relay configuration' in configuration menu.

How to route desired protection to trip and/or signal relay


1. Press an arrow button to access the main menu.
2. Use DOWN arrow key to select CONFIGURATION which is the last in the main menu.
3. Press right key to enter group menus. Press down arrow for "Relay config." which is third/last in
the group menu.
4. Use the right key to enter the sub group menu.

Group Menu Sub group menu

Figure 43 The display shows subgroup menu for routing Over current protection.

5. Further use of right arrow key button allows us to enter into the parameter menu. The first parameter
menu is for routing low set overcurrent stage to desired relay.
30

Sub group menu Parameter Menu

Figure 44 The display shows Parameter menu for routing Lowset overcurrent protection

6. As a company default setting all the protection trip are routed to trip and signalling relay.
7. In order to change the desired relay for routing this protection, press the Enter key [E] and then [C]
with [E] key still pressed.
8. Releasing the keys will show that the cursor on right hand side of LCD to blink.
9. Use up or down keys to select individual or group of relays.

Figure 45 The display shows the various selection available for routing protection
to desired relay or group of relays.

10. Press Enter key [E] to save the setting.


11. Use the down arrow key for routing Highset overcurrent to desired relay.

Figure 46 The display shows the parameter menu for configuration of overcurrent protection.

12. The High set stage of over current is routed to trip and/or signal relay in similar manner.
13. The second subgroup menu is for routing earth fault to trip or signal relay.

* None means no relay shall be energized for trip operation.


31

Group Menu Sub Group Menu

Figure 47 The display shows the group & subgroup menu for configuration of earth fault protection

Sub-Group Menu Parameter menu

Figure 48 The display shows the parameter menu for configuration of Earth fault protection.

14. Navingation and selection of relay for the E/F protection is same as mentioned above for
Overcurrent.

** High set available for NI41 only


32

16 Time/current When IDMT characteristic has been selected,


the operate time of the stage will be a function of
characteristic the current; the higher the current, the shorter
the operate time. The stage includes four
The operation of the low-set overcurrent stage time/current curve sets - four according to the
I> and the low-set earth-fault stage I0> is based BS 142 and IEC 60255 standards
on definite time or inverse time characteristic,
as selected by the user. The operation charac-
teristic is selected with selection of configura-
tion of curve for the low set overcurrent stage I>
The stope of the time/current curve sets is
and low set earth-fault stage I0>
determined by the constants a and b as follows :
(refer “How to change parameters for I> or I0>”)
IDMT Slope of the time/ a b
characteristic current curve set

Four standard curves named extremely Normal inverse 0.02 0.14


inverse, very inverse, normal inverse and long- Very inverse 1.0 13.5
Extremely inverse 2.0 80.0
time inverse are available. The relationship
Long-time inverse 1.0 120.0
between current and time complies with the BS
142. 1966 and IEC 60255-3 standards and can
be expressed as follows : According to the standard BS 142.1966 the
kxb normal current range is defined as 2...20 times
t [s] = the set start current. Additionally the relay must
I a start at the latest when the current exceeds 1.3
-1
I> times the set start current, when the
time/current characteristic is normal inverse,
very inverse or extremely inverse. At long-time
where
inverse characteristic, the normal range is 2...7
t = operate time in seconds times the set start current and the relay must
k = time multiplier start when the current exceeds 1.1 times the
setting.
I = measured current value
I> = set start current value
The relay includes four time/current curve sets
according to BS 142. 1966 and IEC 60255-3.

The following requirements with regard to operate time tolerances are specified in the standard
(E denotes accuracy in per cent, - = not specified):

I/I> Normal inv. Very inv. Extremely inv. Long-time inv.


2 2.22 E 2.34 E 2.44 E 2.34 E
5 1.13 E 1.26 E 1.48 E 1.26 E
7 - - - 1.00 E
10 1.01 E 1.01 E 1.02 E -
20 1.00 E 1.00 E 1.00 E -

The actual operate time of the relay, presented in the graphs in Fig. 40…43, includes an additional filter and
detection time plus the operate time of the trip output relay. When the operate time of the relay is calculated using
the mathematical expression above, these additional times of about 30 ms in total have to be added to the time
received.
33

If the set start current exceeds 2.5 x In, the At inverse time characteristic the effective
maximum permitted continuous current setting range of the low-set overcurrent stage is
carrying capacity of the energizing inputs (4 x In) 0.5…2.5 x In, although start current settings
must be observed. within the range 2.5…5.0 x In can be set on the
relay. At inverse time characteristic any start
current setting above 2.5 x In of the low-set
stage will be regarded as being equal to 2.5 x In.

t/s
70
60
50

40

30

20

10
9
8
7
6
5

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3
k

0.2 1.0

0.8

0.6

0.1 0.4
0.09
0.08 0.3
0.07
0.2
0.06
0.05
0.1
0.04
0.05
0.03

0.02
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I>

Figure 49 Extremely inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit


34

t/s
70
60

50

40

30

20

10
9
8
7
6
5

1
0.9
0.8 k
0.7 1.0
0.9
0.6
0.8
0.5 0.7
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.3 0.4

0.3
0.2

0.2

0.1
0.09 0.1
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I>

Figure 50 Very inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit


35

t/s
70
60
50

40

30

20

10
9
8
7
6
5

3 k

1.0
2 0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
1
0.9 0.4
0.8
0.7 0.3
0.6
0.5
0.2
0.4

0.3

0.1
0.2

0.05

0.1
0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I>

Figure 51 Normal inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit


36

t/s
700
600
500

400

300

200

100
90
80
70
60
50

40

30

20

10
9
8
k
7
1.0
6 0.9
5 0.8
0.7
4
0.6
0.5
3
0.4

2
0.3

0.2

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.1
0.6
0.5

0.4
0.05
0.3

0.2
I/I>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20

Figure 52 Long-time inverse-time characteristics of the overcurrent and earth-fault unit


37

17 Technical Data
Energizing quantities, rated values & limits
Type designation NI 40/41
Energizing Inputs
Rated Current In 1A 5A
Thermal Withstand
a) Continuous 4A 20 A
b) For 1 Second 100 A 500 A
Dynamic current withstand 250 A 1250 A
Input impedance <100mW <20mW

Auxiliary power supply


Rated auxiliary supply 18 - 80 V DC or
80 - 265 V AC/DC
Rated Frequency 50 Hz
Power Consumption
a) Under quiescent condition -4W
b) Under Operating condition -6W

Indications
Relay supply healthy Green LED
Protection start Green LED
Protection trip Red LED
Relay internal failure Red LED
Relay display 16 x 2 Alpha numeric LCD display with
backlit

Over current and earth fault relay settings


Over Current Protection
Low Set (I>) Stage
a) Current Range 50-200% of In in steps of 1%
b) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec
c) Item/current characteristic at Normal Inverse
IDMT mode (site-selectable) Very Inverse
Extreme Inverse
Long-time Inverse*
d) Time Multiplier “K” 0.05, 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.1

High Set (I>>) State


a) Current Range 50-2000% of In in steps of 1/5
b) Operate time at Inst. mode 50 m Sec
c) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec

* Any new characteristic curve shall be added at the end of the existing list.
38

Over current and earth fault relay settings


Earth Fault Protection
Low Set (I0>) Stage
a) Current Range 10-80% of In in steps of 1%
b) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec
c) Item/current characteristic at Normal Inverse
IDMT mode (site-selectable) Very Inverse
Extreme Inverse
Long-time Inverse*
d) Time Multipier l ‘k’ 0.05, 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.1
High Set (Io>>) State
a) Current Range 10-1000% of In in steps of 1%
b) Operate time at Inst. mode 50 m Sec
c) Operate time at DMT mode 0.05 - 64 Sec in steps of 0.01 sec

Output contact ratings


Tripping Contact
Terminals 11.12 (NO)
Rated Voltage 250V AC/DC
Continuous Carrying capacity 5A
Make and Cary 3.0 sec 15 A
Make and carry 0.5 sec 30 A
Breaking capacity for DC when control circuit time constant L/R <40 ms and at
voltage
a) 220V DC 1A
b) 110V DC 3A
c) 48V DC 5A

Signaling & IRF contact


Terminals 21, 22, 23 (C/O) &
24, 25, 26 (C/O) &
29, 28, 27 (C/O)
Rated Voltage 250V AC/DC
Continuous Carrying capacity 5A
Make and Cary 3.0 sec 8A
Make and carry 0.5 sec 10 A
Breaking capacity for DC when control circuit time constant L/R <40 ms and at
voltage
a) 220V DC 0.15 A
b) 110V DC 0.25 A
c) 48V DC 1A

* Any new characteristic curve shall be added at the end of the existing list.
39

Electrical Tests
Insulation Requirement
Dielectric test voltage (IEC 60255-5) 2.0 kV. 50 Hz.1 min
Impulse test voltage (IEC 60255-5) 5.0 kV. 1.2/50 ms. 0.5J
Insulation resistant (IEC 60255-5) >100 MW, 50 Vdc

Interference Test
High Frequency (1 MHz) disturbance test (IEC 60255-22-1), common mode 2.5 kV
High Frequency (1 MHz) disturbance test (IEC 60255-22-1), differential mode 1.0 kV
Fast transient (IEC 60255-22-4, class III and IEC 801-4, level 4), power supply port 4 kV, 2.5 kHz, 50W
Fast transient (IEC 60255-22-4, class III and IEC 801-4, level 4), other ports 2 kV, 2.5 kHz, 50W
Electrostatic discharge (IEC 60255-22-2 and IEC 801-2, Class III), air discharge 8 kV
Electrostatic discharge (IEC 60255-22-2 and IEC 801-2, Class III), contact discharge 6 kV
RF electromagnetic field test (IEC 61000-4-3 and ENV 50140) 10 V/m, f=80...1000MHz
Conducted RF disturbance test (IEC 61000-4-5 and ENV 50141) 10 Vm, f=150 kHz ....
1000 Mhz
Surge immunity test (IEC 60255-22-5 and IEC 61000-4-5), common mode 2 kV, 1.2/50ms, 12W
Surge immunity test (IEC 60255-22-5 and IEC 61000-4-5), differential mode 1 kV, 1.2/50ms, 2W
Conducted and radiated RF emission test (IEC 60255-25, EN55011-CISPRII), Class A
conducted emission (main)
Conducted and radiated RF emission test (IEC 60255-25, EN55011-CISPRII), Class A
conducted emission (main)
Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8), continuous 100 A/m
Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8), Short duration 300 A/m

Power Supply Test (IEC 60255 - 11, IEC 61000-4-11)


Variation voltage 68...255 V
Interruption 80 V - 50% 0... 200ms
Interruption 80 V - 100% 0... 30 ms
Interruption 255 V - 100% 0... 160 ms
Ripple in DC voltage Max. 12% of DC value
40

Mechanical Tests
Seismic test (ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987), operating basis earthquake test 0.5...5.25 g
Seismic test (ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987), safe shut down earthquake test 0.5...7.5g
Vibration response and endurance test (IEC 60255-2-1) 2...13.2 Hz, + 1.0 mm
13.2...100 Hz, + 0.7g
Shock response and endurance test (IEC 60255-21-2) Class 1, 11 ms
Bump test (IEC-60255-21-2) 20g. 1000 bumps/direction

Environmental test
Service temperature range -10 0C....+550C
Transport and storage temperature range (IEC 60068-2-48) -40 0C....+700C
Dry heat test, (IEC 60068-22-2) -55 0C....+700C
0
Cyclic (12+12 hour cycle) damp heat test, (IEC 60068-2-30) <95%, +40 C, 96% Rh
0 0
Cold heat test, (IEC 60068-22-1) -10 C....-20 C
Corrosion test Battelle test
Degree of protection by enclosure, IP test (IEC 60529) IP 54
41

18 Maintenance & Repair


When the protection relay is operating under the
conditions specified in the section "Technical proper overhaul. No parts of the relay are site
data", the relay is practically maintenance free. replacable.
The relay modules include no parts or Please contact the manufacturer or his nearest
components subject to an abnormal physical or representative for further information about
electrical wear under normal operating checking, overhaul and recalibration of the
conditions. relay.
If the environmental conditions at the relay Note !
operating site differ from those specified, as to
Numerical protection relays contain electronic
temperature, humidity, or if the atmosphere
circuits which are liable to serious damage due
around the relay contains chemically active
to electrostatic discharge. Before removing a
gases or dust, the relay ought to be visually
module containing electronic circuits, ensure
inspected in association with the relay
that you are at the same electrostatic potential
secondary test.
as the equipment, for instance, by touching the
On request, the relay can be given a special relay case.
treatment for the protection of the printed circuit
Note !
boards against stress on materials, caused by
abnormal environmental conditions. Static protection relays are measuring
instruments and should be handled with care
If the relay fails in operation or if the operating
and protected against moisture and mechanical
values remarkably differ from those of the relay
stress, especially during transport.
specifications, the relay should be given a

19 Internal relay failure (IRF)


In addition to the protection functions, the relay of the self-supervision system (IRF relay) of the
module is provided with a self-supervision protection relay NI 40/41.
system which continuously supervises the In most fault situations, a fault code indicating
function of the microprocessor, its program the nature of the fault, appears on the display of
execution and the electronics. the module. The internal relay fault code shown
Shortly after the internal self-supervision on the display remains active until the internal
system has detected a permanent relay fault in fault possibly disappears.
the relay module, the Red IRF indicator on the When such internal relay fault occurs, the fault
front panel is lit. At the same time the module code should be recorded for statistical and
puts forward a control signal to the output relay maintenance purposes and immediately stated
with order of service.

20 Dimensions and mounting


The relay is housed in normally flush mounted (poly butylene terephthalate) , which holds the
case. The relay case is made up of mild steel relay firmly.
power coated with RAL 7035. A front cover
Two terminal strips and two multipole
frame with rubber gasket provides a degree of
connectors are mounted on the back of the relay
protection by enclosure to IP54 between the
case to facilitate all input and output
relay case and the panel surface when the relay
connections. To each multipole connector i.e.
is panel mounted.
measuring input, one 6 mm2, one 4 mm2 or one
The relay is fixed / mounted on the panel with the or two 2.5 mm2 wires can be connected. The
support of two relay holder on top and bottom of power supply input, trip contacts and signalling
the relay. These holders are made up of PBT outputs are available on two ten pole detachable
connectors.
42

21 Ordering details
Relay Type Current Input Aux Supply Article No.
NI 40 1A 80-265 V AC/DC 1MYN742837-A
NI 40 5A 80-265 V AC/DC 1MYN742837-B
NI 40 1A 18-80 V AC/DC 1MYN742837-C
NI 40 5A 18-80 V AC/DC 1MYN742837-D
NI 41 1A 80-265 V AC/DC 1MYN742838-A
NI 41 5A 80-265 V AC/DC 1MYN742838-B
NI 41 1A 18-80 V AC/DC 1MYN742838-C
NI 41 5A 18-80 V AC/DC 1MYN742838-D
1MDV070203-YN 07 - 2007

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