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Detail calculations of element: Chilled Water Piping Insulation

Type of the element Pipe

Orientation Horizontal orientation
Element material Steel
Length l=1m
Wall thickness ge = 8 mm
Outer diameter DE = 355.6 mm
Nominal size DN = 350 mm

Calculation standard EN ISO 12241

Protection from external
Safety margin against external
Δθe = 0 K
Dew point θS = 32.09 °C

Minimum required insulation thickness D = 24.0 mm

Selected insulation thicknes Dins = 25 mm
Selected materials: NBR (λ = 0.033 W/m·K)

Intermediary results for a system with selected materials

Old total heat loss Φ 0 = -503.50 W

Total heat loss Φ = -49.42 W
Heat loss difference ΔΦ = -454.08 W
Performance Improvement ΔΦpi = 90.19 %
Heat loss per meter ql = -49.42 W/m
External surface temperature θe = 32.24 °C
Dew point θS = 32.09 °C
Internal surface temperature θi = 3.00 °C
Heat transfer coefficient from outside
hse = 14.07 W/m²·K
Heat transfer coefficient from inside
hsi = 0.00 W/m²·K
External heat resistance Rse = 0.06 m²·K/W
Internal heat resistance Rsi = 0.00 m²·K/W
Thermal resistance R = 0.65 m·K/W
Heat transfer coefficient U = 1.54 W/m·K

Medium data

Medium type Water

Internal surface temperature θi = 3.00 °C

Environment data

Environment type Outdoor

External surface temperature θe = 35.00 °C
Wind speed ν = 5.00 km/h
Relative humidity φ = 85.00 %

Surface finish type

Surface finish material Stainless steel

Emissivity factor ε = 0.15
Temperature chart

The program is a support to the work of the designer. The User bears full responsibility for the results and their


Project info
Name of the project Ammonia Refrigeration Project
Description of the project Upsizing of chilled water system
Client Wyeth Philippines

Project address