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Detail calculations of element: Chilled Water Piping Insulation

Type of the element Pipe


Orientation Horizontal orientation
Element material Steel
Length l=1m
Wall thickness ge = 8 mm
Outer diameter DE = 355.6 mm
Nominal size DN = 350 mm

Calculation standard EN ISO 12241


Protection from external
Criterion
condensation
Safety margin against external
Δθe = 0 K
condensation
Dew point θS = 32.09 °C

Minimum required insulation thickness D = 24.0 mm


Selected insulation thicknes Dins = 25 mm
Selected materials: NBR (λ = 0.033 W/m·K)

Intermediary results for a system with selected materials

Old total heat loss Φ 0 = -503.50 W


Total heat loss Φ = -49.42 W
Heat loss difference ΔΦ = -454.08 W
Performance Improvement ΔΦpi = 90.19 %
Heat loss per meter ql = -49.42 W/m
External surface temperature θe = 32.24 °C
Dew point θS = 32.09 °C
Internal surface temperature θi = 3.00 °C
Heat transfer coefficient from outside
hse = 14.07 W/m²·K
surface
Heat transfer coefficient from inside
hsi = 0.00 W/m²·K
surface
External heat resistance Rse = 0.06 m²·K/W
Internal heat resistance Rsi = 0.00 m²·K/W
Thermal resistance R = 0.65 m·K/W
Heat transfer coefficient U = 1.54 W/m·K

Medium data

Medium type Water


Internal surface temperature θi = 3.00 °C

Environment data

Environment type Outdoor


External surface temperature θe = 35.00 °C
Wind speed ν = 5.00 km/h
Relative humidity φ = 85.00 %

Surface finish type

Surface finish material Stainless steel


Emissivity factor ε = 0.15
Temperature chart

The program is a support to the work of the designer. The User bears full responsibility for the results and their
application.

PROJECT DATA

Project info
Name of the project Ammonia Refrigeration Project
Description of the project Upsizing of chilled water system
Client Wyeth Philippines

Project address