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Waste Management Summary

and Instructions

Effective Date: July 29, 2002


Waste Management Summary

Copyright © 2002 WesternGeco. All rights reserved.

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Manual Title: Waste Management Summary and Instructions


Custodian: WesternGeco QHSE Manager

Revision History

Rev. Effective
No. Date Description Prepared by Reviewed by Approved by
July 29, 2002 Final Approval Shawn Rice Shawn Rice
July 2002 Draft Mike Crane

2 O F 15
Waste Management Summary

3 O F 15
Waste Management Summary

Waste Generating Process

WASTE
Raw materials:
Waste classification:
Waste stream name:
Amount/frequency:
Hazard information:
STORAGE
Storage location:
Container:
Special instructions:
Storage evaluation:
TRANSPORT
Transport company:
Shipping name:
Documentation:
Special instructions:
Evaluate transportation:
DISPOSAL
Dispose or recycle:
Technique:
Evaluate technique:
Alternate technique:
Status of audit:
Date audit expires:
Special instructions:

COST
Per disposal unit:
Material:
Overhead:
SRWM
Incentives:
Priority:
Best technology:
Evaluate alternative:
Goal:
Target:
Procedures/Training:
Potential waste:
Future effort:
Last review:
Review expires:
INTRODUCTION

Each line of the Waste Management Summary is explained in the instructions that follow.

One objective of the Waste Management Plan is to meet the requirements of the
Schlumberger (SLB) Environmental Standard. The Environmental Compliance Scorecard
measures crew compliance to the Environmental Standard. This Waste Management
Summary provides an itemized list of the Standard and Scorecard requirements.

Individuals who are assigned to participate in gathering the information required in this
Summary must complete the PowerPoint training entitled “WesternGeco Implementation of
the Schlumberger Worldwide Environmental Standard. This training is available on CD or on
the WesternGeco QHSE web page (contact Mike Crane, WesternGeco QHSE, Houston).

WASTE GENERATING PROCESS

Utilizing the Waste Management Summary begins with identifying a process that generates a
waste or has a potential to generate a waste. On the top line provide the name or a brief
description of the process that generates the waste. Review all processes under control of
the location. Some processes may generate more than one waste. When this occurs, use a
separate column for the additional waste but continue to use the same process name.

Identify processes that consume utilities, water, or fuel for potential reduction in consumption.
Some processes create waste under upset conditions. This waste should be included in the
management plan to ensure proper management if an upset was to occur.

All new processes shall consider waste management prior to implementation. This Summary
shall be used for the review.

When naming the process, use a name such as “Engine Maintenance,” then create a
column for each waste; such as, “used lead-acid battery,” “neutralized spilled battery acid,”
“used oil,” “absorbents contaminated with oil,” “used oil filters.” Or break the process down
into “Battery Maintenance” and “Oil Changes.” The first step is to name and organize the
process. The Crew Manager will determine the best method for identifying processes at the
location.
WASTE

Raw Materials
List components of the waste before it was a waste. Many waste streams are what they
were at the beginning of the process; some waste streams are mixtures of several products.
For processes that use utilities, fuel, or water, identify the type of energy as a raw material
(natural gas, electricity, water, diesel…).

Waste Classification
The proper response is “hazardous” or “non-hazardous”; however, you must understand local
regulatory definitions to make the determination. In the absence of local regulations the
Crew Manager may declare a waste hazardous because of its potential danger to health
and/or the environment. For more information see the Waste Classification Form.

Waste Stream name


Name or title that has been assigned to this waste or the waste stream name this material
will be mixed with. Names usually are assigned by, agencies, waste disposal companies,
recyclers, and those who generate the waste. This name should appear on every document
concerning the waste; do not assign this name to any other waste stream. Try to describe
the waste in one or two words. The waste stream name does not have to reflect the name of
the process. Some example waste stream names are “used oil” and “general rubbish”.
These examples could describe waste materials generated from several processes, as
opposed to “incinerator ash,” which describes a waste stream from a specific process. All of
these examples are appropriate waste stream names.

Amount/Frequency
Determine the amount of waste generated by the process in a period of time. For an energy
or utility, try to determine the amount of energy or utility used by the process. Try to be
consistent with units of measure; e.g., pounds or kilograms, gallons or liters, kilowatts, cubic
feet, hour, week, month or year. Use whatever works best for your location and that provides
an accurate, useful accounting of the volume of waste generated, energy or utility used.

Hazard Information
How did the location classify this waste? Where is the information on health and
environmental hazards? If using analytical reports from a laboratory or test instruments,
state “Lab Report” or name the instrument used; e.g., “pH meter.” If using Material Safety
Data Sheets, list the MSDS by name of product(s) or its MSDS file number. Retain these
records in the Site Environmental History File (or another record keeping system), under the
name of the waste stream.
STORAGE

Storage Location
Where is the approved storage area(s) for the waste? The waste may be in satellite storage
located near the process and/or another official waste storage area or a device called a
waste management unit. Describe the location in such a way that it is familiar to process
participants. They must know where to put the waste while working and where the container
goes when it is full. A description such as “waste storage shed” is fine as long as the
employees know where it is. A few examples of waste management units are, oil water
separator, container storage area and incinerator.

Container
Name the container used to store the waste. Where possible, use the container in which the
waste will be shipped for disposal or recycling. Some materials are regulated and require
specifically rated containers. If the container needs to meet a specific requirement, such as
an approved United Nations Performance Oriented Package for Packing Group II, abbreviate
as “UN POP PGII.” If the disposal or recycling company will only accept certain types of
containers state the requirements here.

Special Instructions
Do special instructions pertain to the storage of this waste? Instructions may be about
incompatible materials, labeling requirements, how to access the waste storage area,
whether the waste is mixed into a waste stream, who is authorized to bulk the waste into
another container. Reference here any written procedure to describe proper storage such as
bonding and grounding.

Storage Evaluation
Evaluate how the storage of this material and the area in which it is stored measure up to
local regulations, client requirements, corporate standards, or common sense. Grade “poor,”
“fair,” “good,” or use your own grading terminology familiar to your location. Evaluate storage
at least annually. ”Fair” or “poor” evaluations should be reported in Quest. Describe what is
needed to make the storage “good.”

TRANSPORT

Transport Company
Enter the name of the company that transports the waste to the disposal or recycling facility.
This name may be the same as your disposal or recycling company, it could be our company
vehicle or a third party. If your vendor is responsible for transporting the waste, enter the
name of the waste vendor even when they use a third party transporter. However, the third
party transporter must be listed on any shipping documents as the transporter.
Shipping Name
Enter the name of the waste as it appears on shipping forms. Local regulations may require
specific names on the shipping document and containers. If the shipment is not regulated try
to use the waste stream name. Use the correct name so everyone involved will know what is
expected.

Documentation
List the documents that need to be completed to ship the waste. This list is determined by
local regulations, transporter requirements, disposal/recycle vendors, and crew requirements.
A few examples of required documents are, hazardous waste manifest, bill of lading,
hazardous material shipping paper, receipt, equipment or material transfer.

Special Instructions
Do any special instructions pertain to the shipment of this waste? What markings are
required on the container? Who is authorized to request a pick up?

Evaluate Transportation

How does the transportation of this material measure up to local regulations, client
requirements, corporate standards, or common sense? Grade “poor,” “fair,” “good,” or use a
grading terminology familiar to your location. “Fair” or “poor” grades should be reported in
Quest. Describe what is needed to make the transportation “good.” Evaluate transportation
whenever you audit your disposal or recycling vendor for this waste stream.

DISPOSAL

Dispose or Recycle
Is the waste disposed of or is the waste being minimized? Insert one or both of the following:
(1) disposal, or (2) Source Reduction Waste Minimization (SRWM).

Technique
How is the waste disposed of, or what type of recycling is being used? Disposal could be by
injection well, landfill, treatment to remove the contaminant, incineration and others.
Recycling or minimizing includes, activities to replace by using a less toxic material, reduction
of the volume of waste, reuse as another material, on- or off-site recycling to recondition the
waste into a usable product or component of another product. What technology or process
currently is used?

Evaluate Technique
The Crew Manager, or designee, will review the technique mentioned above to determine
whether it is effective and appropriate for today’s technology. Grade “poor,” “fair,” or “good.”
(Reference the last section of this document, Source Reduction, for comparison.)
Alternate Technique
Have other disposal or recycling technique(s) to manage the waste stream been considered?
List the methods considered as alternative techniques. (Reference the last section of this
document, Source Reduction, as well as the Schlumberger Waste Minimization and
Management Template document on the CD or web site for comparison.)

Status of Audit
Has the current disposal or recycling facility been audited? Possible responses are
“Regional QHSE,” which means the facility is approved by the Regional QHSE entity; “Third
Party,” which means the audit was conducted by a third party auditor; “Complete,” which
means someone at the site has completed the audit; or “None,” which means the audit has
not been done. Public utilities that provide energy, fuel, water and wastewater services are
not required to be audited.

Date Audit Expires


How often are vendor audits conducted for this waste stream? Insert the appropriate audit
expiration date. Audit frequency is established in the Waste Management Plan. Hazardous
waste vendors should be audited once every two years, non-hazardous waste vendors
should be audited once every three years.

Special Instructions
Identify special instructions about disposal or recycling that should be communicated to
process participants. Examples: identify when or who calls for waste pickup, or advise
manager when container is 90% full.

COST

Per Disposal Unit


How much does it cost to dispose of or recycle the waste? Include transportation per unit.
Here, unit is a method of measurement determined by the Crew Manager that best
represents the cost of the waste. Units can be in pounds or kilograms, gallons or liters,
kilowatts, cubic feet, drums or cubic yard box, or 30-yard dumpsters. Use the unit
appropriate to the waste. Try to be consistent within the waste stream, but realize that every
waste stream will not need to use the same unit of measure. Here, consistency means using
the same accounting units that measure volume or amounts, as purchased, generated, and
disposed. This item relates only to the cost factor associated with waste removal and
disposal. The monetary value can be expressed in local currency, however Key
Environmental Performance Indicators may require reporting in a different currency. Items
sold as scrap can be expressed with a “+” (a positive sign) or other indicator demonstrating
revenue rather than cost.
Material
The cost of the material at the time of its purchase, if possible, per disposal unit. There are
several methods of bookkeeping to consider. You can identify the “unutilized material”
portion or you can use the entire purchase price. This response depends on the material, the
process, and the potential alternative. Use the “unutilized material” method when
considering processes that generate excess materials, such as raw materials that generate
scrap, chemicals that expire, or solvents that are used once or twice, then disposed of. Use
the entire cost of the product when reduction efforts are directed at replacing the material
with a less hazardous material, recycling the waste, or when there is no unutilized material,
such as parts washer solvent, used oil, and utilities. The intent is to identify potential savings
or additional costs that may be encountered when implementing an alternative.

Overhead
Estimate the cost of managing the waste. Divide out the appropriate (hidden) costs as they
apply to cost of storage containers, square footage of floor space, labor, regulatory agency
documentation, equipment (spill supplies, funnels, personal protective equipment), and
training. Use these cost factors when evaluating alternatives.

SRWM (Source Reduction Waste Minimization)

Incentives
What is the incentive to implement an SRWM effort? How would the crew benefit from this
effort? Consider regulatory relief, cost savings, elimination of a hazardous waste, energy
savings, client demands, reduced liability, compliance with the corporate policy, or just
because it’s the right thing to do.

Priority
How important is the SRWM effort? The crew should determine importance and set the
priority. The SRWM Incentives should help the crew set the priority. The crew should
develop a ranking system by assigning numbers or using general terms, such as high,
medium, and low.

Best Technology
What is the best technology available to manage the waste? (Reference the last section of
this document, Source Reduction.) Note that if the technology is not available, it should not
be listed here. When considering minimization efforts (such as “use less by: recycling,
reusing, or reducing”), the crew is limited only by their imagination and the availability of
resources. Respond with the best effort to be attempted.
Evaluate Alternative
What other effort was evaluated? This includes source reduction or waste minimization
technologies that either is not available to the crew, or that came in second. The
Schlumberger Environmental Standard requires that all options be evaluated. This response
demonstrates that more than one option was considered.

Goal
What is the desired result of the SRWM effort? The response should reflect the reason the
effort was selected. The goal should be measurable or of value; such as a volume, money,
time, elimination or reduction in toxicity.

Target
When will the goals be achieved? What milestones will identify success? These targets
should be measurable; indicate time frames and values. For example, the crew may aim for
20% of the goal in the first year (20% 1st yr), or have a device purchased by the 2nd quarter.

Procedures/Training
Are written SRWM procedures required? What about training? Note the name of the
procedure or reference training required beyond orientation. List existing procedures or
training requirements; e.g., NAM Environmental Procedures for various waste streams or
client requirements. Make sure that procedures created by the crew follow the WesternGeco
Document Generation and Control Procedure. These procedures will receive a document
number when they are published. Enter the document number here.

Potential Waste
Will changing from the current disposal/recycling technique to an SRWM effort create a new
waste? Evaluate the new waste. The crew should ensure the integrity of the SRWM without
creating a worse situation.

Future Effort
Will there be an opportunity (that currently is not available) for further improvement? Identify
opportunities that may have been discovered during the evaluation.

Last Review
When did the crew last review the management of this waste? Record the date. The review
should evaluate current waste minimization efforts. The time should be consistent with crew
goals and targets.

Review Expires
When should this SRWM effort be re-evaluated? The Incentives, Best Technology and
Priority sections may help establish this time frame.
Source reduction

Good Operating Practices:


 Segregate types of hazardous waste to make them easier to recycle.
 Segregate hazardous waste from non-hazardous waste.
 Improve maintenance scheduling, record keeping, or procedures.
 Change production schedules.
 Consider other changes in operating practices.

Inventory Control:
 Institute procedures to reduce outdated material.
 Test outdated material.
 Eliminate shelf-life requirements for stable material.
 Improve labeling procedures.
 Create a clearinghouse to exchange material.
 Consider other changes in inventory control.

Spill and Leak Prevention:


 Improve storage and stacking procedures.
 Improve procedures for loading, unloading, and transferring operations.
 Install overflow alarms or automatic shut-off valves.
 Install vapor recovery systems.
 Implement an inspection or monitoring program to identify potential spills and leaks.
 Consider other spill and leak prevention activities.

Raw Material Modifications:


 Increase purity of materials.
 Substitute non-hazardous for hazardous raw materials.
 Consider other raw material modifications.

Process Modifications:
 Institute re-circulation within a process.
 Modify equipment, layout, or piping.
 Use a different process catalyst.
 Institute better controls on operating bulk containers to minimize empty container
disposal.
 Change from small containers to bulk containers to minimize empty container
disposal.
 Consider other process modifications.

Cleaning and Degreasing:


 Modify stripping/cleaning equipment.
 Change from hazardous solvents or other materials to mechanical stripping/cleaning
devices.
 Change from hazardous solvents or other materials to aqueous cleaners.
 Modify containment procedures for cleaning units.
 Improve drainage procedures.
 Redesign parts racks to reduce drag-out.
 Modify or install rinse systems.
 Improve rinse equipment design and/or operation.
 Consider other cleaning and degreasing modifications.

Surface Preparation and Finishing:


 Modify spray systems or equipment.
 Substitute coating materials used and/or improve application techniques.
 Change from spray to some other system.
 Consider other surface preparation and finishing modifications.

Product Modification:
 Change product specifications.
 Modify design or composition of product.
 Modify packing.
 Consider other product modifications.