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14.

OUR EARTH AND ITS NEIGHBOURS

1. Fill in the blanks.

a. The sun and the eight planets moving around it form the ................................ system.

b. The earth spins from ........................ to ..................................

c. The two movements of the Earth are ........................................ and .............................

d. Time taken by the Earth for one rotation is .....................................

e. Time taken by the Earth for one revolution is ........................................

f. The planet nearest to the sun is ................................

g. The Moon is a natural ............................... of the Earth.

h. Stars and planets can be seen through an instrument called...................................

i. The planets orbit the.................................

j. Rotation causes ........................... and ...................................

k. Scientists who study stars, planets, moon etc are called ....................................

l. A group of stars forming a particular pattern is called.............................................

m. .................................... was the first person to state the Earth is round and rotates on

its own axis.

n. ........................................ an Italian scientist, made the first telescope.

o. Stars ........................................... in the sky at night.

p. Orion is one of the ..................................... in the sky.

q. The ................................ is an instrument which helps us to see stars and planets.

r. .............................. causes formation of seasons.

s. .......................... is the biggest planet of our solar system,

2. Write who am I.

a. An object that moves around the planet is known as a……………………………………….

b. The period of 365 days that the Earth takes to go around the sun is one…………………..

c. Planets do not have any light of their own. They reflects the ............................. that they

receive.
d. An instrument used to see the stars and the planets……………………………………….

e. A group of stars forming a particular pattern. ……………………………………………….

f. A person who study about heavenly bodies. ………………………………………………..

g. Huge holes on the surface of the Moon. …………………………………………………….

h. Heavenly bodies that revolve around the sun in a fixed orbit. …………………………….

i. The period between the full moon and the new moon is called. …………………………..

j. The spinning motion of the earth on its axis. ………………………………………….

k. Which is a dwarf planet? ………………………………………………………….

l. What is the time taken by the earth to complete one revolution? ……………………………

m. Which of the following is the hottest planet? …………………………………………………

n. I am known as the red planet and unlike the earth I have two satellites. …………………

o. The number of the planets in our solar system. ……………………………………………..

p. A heavenly body orbiting the earth or another planet. ………………………………………

q. The first Indian astronomer. …………………………………………………………..

r. The nearest star to the Earth. …………………………………………………….

s. Which planet is called red planet. ………………………………………………………….

t. Which planet is known as the evening star. …………………………………………………

u. Which plane is famous for its rings. …………………………………………………………

v. Which plane is known as dwarf planet. ………………………………………………………

w. Our Earth is placed between the which planets in solar system. ……………………………

x. Which plant is farthest from the sun ………………………………………………………..

y. The imaginary line around the which the Earth rotates around the sun. …………………

z. The imaginary line on which the Earth is revolves. ……………………………………….

aa. Sight of the quarter of the moon is called. ………………………………………………..

ab. After the end of the first quarter, we see half of the Moon is called. …………………..

ac. At the second quarter, we see the fully circular face of the Moon is called……………..

ad. Scientist who made the first telescope : …………………………………………


ae. The biggest planet in the solar system:………………………………………………

af. The movement of a body around another body ………………………………………..

ag. How many earth can fit inside the Sun. ……………………………………………….

ah. The period between new moon and full moon …………………………………………

ai. The moon is more than full, but less than completely full ………………………………..

aj. The phase of the Moon during which less than half the surface is illuminated:

……………………………………………………………

3. Define the following.

A. Planet.

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B. Orbit.

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C. Eclipse.

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D. Satellite.

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E. Constellation:

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F. Crescent Moon.

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G. Rotation:

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H. Revolution:

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I. Telescope:

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4. Write the answer of the following questions.

a. Do all the planets have heat and light of their own?

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b. A big rock smashed on the Moon. It made a loud sound which could be heard on the

earth. What is wrong with the statement?

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c. One day the earth stopped spinning around the sun. What effect would this have on the

day and night?

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d. How much time does the Earth take to complete one rotations and one revolution.

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e. The Sun is star and we get heat and light from it. Why don’t we get heat and light form

other stars in the sky.


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f. We in India cannot see the sum when it is night. Can anyone else see the sun. Why do

you think so?

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g. All the planets move in an elliptical orbit around the Sun. Mars, the naughtiest one want

to leave its orbit and move into the orbit of the Earth. It is possible? What would happen if

it does that?

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h. What is a constellation?

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i. Explain how rotation causes day and night.

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j. Name all the planets in the solar system.

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k. What is the shape of the Earth?

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l. What did Aryabhata discover?

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m. Write one thing that the sun does to make the earth a good place to live in.
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n. Annie was looking at the sky at night. Suddenly she noticed a group of stars looking like

shape of lion, What do you think it might be? Tell the name of the same.

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o. Write two differences between the star and planet.

Stars Planets

p. Write two differences between the revolution and rotation.

Revolution Rotation

q. Write two differences between Planets and Satellite.

Planets Satellite

5. Write true or False:

i. The earth is not the part of the universe.

ii. The Sun is a star.

iii. Scorpion, Orion are the constellations seen in the sky.


iv. The changing shapes of the moon are the phase of the moon.

v. The earth is a flat surface.

vi. The Sun gives us heat and light.

vii. The surface of the Moon is smooth.

viii. The Earth takes 24 hours to complete one rotation.

ix. Revolutions causes day and night.

6. Choose the correct option.

a. An object that moves around the planet is known as a

i. Star ii. Dwarf planet iii. Axis iv. Satellite

b. The period of 365 days that the earth takes to go around the sun is one

i. Week ii. Month iii. Year iv. Full moon

c. Planets do not have any light of their own. They

i. Reflect the sunlight that they receive

ii. Absorb all the light coming from the sun

iii. Just stop revolving around the sun

iv. None of these.

7. Unscramble the words to get the names of the planets.

a. ECRMYUR :

b. SUNEV :

c. RTEHA :

d. RMAS :

e. PIRJUTE :

f. TAURSN :

g. UNASRU :

h. EPNUNET :

8. Give reason:

a. The Earth is the only planet that has living things on it. Why?
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b. Reena was surprised to see that the moon keeps on changing every day. Can you tell

her why does it happen?

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c. Sita was watching the night sky and could see many things. Can you name any two

things she might have seen?

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d. Sometimes you see the moon in the sky. It disappears after some time. Where do you

think it goes?

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9. Match the following pairs:

1. A group of stars that form a fixed shape a. Planet

2. Heavenly body that moves around the planet b. Solar System

3. Sun and its planets c. Satellite

4. Heavenly body that moves around the sun d. Constellation