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EQUALITY:
We cannot
WHY IT MATTERS
What’s the goal here? Most importantly, we
achieve
cannot achieve sustainable sustainable
To reduce inequalities within development and make
and among countries. the planet better for all if development
people are excluded from
Why? opportunities, services, and if we
exclude
Inequalities based on the chance for a better life.
income, sex, age, disability,
sexual orientation, race, What are some examples
class, ethnicity, religion and
opportunity continue to
of inequality? any part of
An estimated 69 million
persist across the world,
within and among countries.
children under five years the world’s
of age will die from mostly
Inequality threatens long-
term social and economic
preventable causes. Rural population.
women are three times
development, harms pov-
more likely to die while
erty reduction and destroys
giving birth than women
people’s sense of fulfilment
in urban centres. Many
and self-worth. This, in turn,
families in developing
can breed crime, disease and
countries are living in
environmental degradation.
societies where income economic and social and promote inclusive
is more unequally policies need to be uni- social and economic
distributed than it was in versal and pay particular growth. We can ensure
the 1990s. These are just attention to the needs of equal opportunity and
a few examples, but it is disadvantaged and mar- reduce inequalities of
an issue that affects every ginalized communities. income if we eliminate
country in the world. discriminatory laws,
Recent statistics have
policies and practices.
Why should I need to care shown that this is possible.
From 2007 to 2012, Among countries, we
about inequality if I don’t the average income of need to ensure that
face any discrimination? some of the poorest developing countries are
In today’s world, we are all families in more than 50 better represented in
interconnected. Problems countries, particularly in decision-making on global
and challenges, be they Latin America and the issues so that solutions
poverty, climate change, Caribbean, and Asia, grew can be more effective,
migration or economic cri- faster than their national credible and accountable.
ses are never just confined averages, reducing
Governments and other
to one country or region. the income inequality
stakeholders can also
in those countries.
Even the richest countries promote safe, regular and
still have communities What can we do? responsible migration,
living in abject poverty. including through planned
Reducing inequality and well-managed
The oldest democracies
requires transformative policies, for the millions
still wrestle with
change. Greater efforts of people who have left
racism, homophobia
are needed to eradicate their homes seeking
and transphobia, and
extreme poverty and better lives due to war,
religious intolerance. A
hunger, and invest more discrimination, poverty,
recent UNICEF report
in health, education, lack of opportunity and
noted growing inequality
social protection and other drivers of migration.
among children in several
decent jobs especially
high-income countries. To find out more
for young people,
Global inequality affects migrants and other about Goal #10 and
us all, no matter who we vulnerable communities. the other Sustainable
are or where we are from. Development Goals, visit:
Within countries, it is
http://www.un.org/
important to empower
Can we actually achieve sustainabledevelopment
equality for everyone
in this world?
It can be and should be
achieved to ensure a life
of dignity for all. Political,