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ESSENCE - International Journal for Environmental Rehabilitation and Conservation

Deepika Vats/Vol. VIII [1] 2017/57 - 59


Volume VIII: No. 1 2017 [57 – 59] [ISSN 0975 - 6272]
[www.essence-journal.com]

Water Pollution and Fish Diversity in between Marathoa To Chalang,


Dehradun

Vats, Deepika

Received: June 12, 2016  Accepted: January 22, 2017  Online: June 30, 2017

Abstract Introduction
The water may contain desirable substances Water is an essential need for all increase in
has received less attention in guidelines and human beings. The determinate of an aquatic
regulations, but on increased awareness of system is as old as civilization
the biological value of water has occurred in industrialization, utilization, and
the past several decades. The anthropogenic characterization of activities. The result of an
process has physically, chemically and unprecedented increase in human population
biologically modified our great river and industrialization has caused pollution of
ecosystem. Thus it will create the problem of water and air through excessive, discharge of
degradation of water river ecosystem. waste material into the environment. The
Doon valley is surrounded by the outer
Himalayas (Mussoorie hills) in the North
Keywords: Water pollution | Fish Diversity |
Shivalik ridge in the south, River Ganga in
Ecosystem | River | Degradations
the east and river Yamuna in the west. The
minimum and maximum annual temperatures
vary from 4-70C in November to February. A
qualitative assessment of the various
components of the fish fauna of the area
together with the study of the related aspects
such as habitat structures, food and feeding
habits. The streams fishes communities
reproductive seasonally, migration, spawning
and attitudinal distribution.
The study area is situated in the Doon Valley
For Correspondence: of the Shastradhara streams covering
Department of Zoology, Uttaranchal College of Science
Marotha, nagsal and chalang on the upwards
& Technology, Dehradun and downwards on hills.

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Maps: Site area covering stretch up to the webs a person can see how even the smallest
range of 1 Kms, 2 Kms, 3 Kms of the microorganism play a significant role in the
villages Marotha, Nagal and Challang. cycle of life (Mondal et al., 2010) showed the
Materials and Method results on water quality parameters and fish
The study is carried during July to June 2015 diversity indices as measures of ecological
degradation a case study in two food plans
Place of work: Dehradun
lakes of India .It is essential to study the
Different types of net used for capturing of
groups of animals in an aquatic ecosystem to
fishes, handmade net, hooks and wildlife understand the quality of habitat. Fishes are
surveyors.
the keystone species which determine the
After capturing fishes, preservation distribution and abundance of another
techniques are applied by using organism in the ecosystem.
formaldehyde and deposits in specimen’s jars
Conclusion
or bottles.
Fish diversity enrolls the description of fish
Preservation solution, distilled water, belong to their morphological characters
formalin solutions. surrounding atmosphere and their habitat
Now goes to the laboratory and identification structure. Change in the biodiversity causes
of fishes is done on the basis of their disturbance in the life of aquatic as well as on
morphology body scales, fin rays, counting land animals. The Doon valley is surrounding
barbles, lateral lines sex separation, fins by the outer Himalayas is North, Shivalik
verifications etc. also freshwater biology or ridge in south River Ganga in the east and
by experts. River Yamuna in the west. The total length
Results and discussion of doon valley covers in length up to 6.7kms.
Some of the doon valley fishes, exhibits in an References
interesting range of variation in the body Dobriyal Anoop Kumar, (1983): Biology of
scales, fin rays, color differentiation etc. some cold water fishes correlated
There is a lot of fish diversity in Dehradun with hydrobiology of the mandakni
during our study period. They belong to the and the nayar, UttarPradesh. J.Zool.,
families Blonidae, Cyprinidae, Channidae, 3-30-34.
Clarideea, Xenthedon Cancila, Puntius ticto,
Jayaram, K.C.: Fundamentals of fish
P.sophore P.Chola Barillus bola Garagotyla. taxonomy. Narendra publishing
In addition to physical and geographical house. p. 53, 54, 60.
Characteristics of rivers planktons Kant, Sashi and Anil K. Raina, (1990):
encountered in the water body reflects the Limnological studies of two ponds in
average ecological condition. Jammu. J. Enviorn. Biol., 11(2): 137-
Bagridae, Nemachillidae, Cobitidae, Tor Tor, 144.
Torp itura, Labeo Calbasu, L.Devo, L.Bata, Rana, Deepali and Bhatt, Ganesh Datt,
Channa gachua, Channa punctata and Mystus (2014): Factor analysis of association
teengara were identified with the use of food for fish genera in stream of doon
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Deepika Vats/Vol. VIII [1] 2017/57 - 59

valley International Journal of Singh, P. P., (1964): Fishes of doon valley


innovative research in Science Icthycological, 3(1-2): 86-92.
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