Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

Carmen (Habanera) ~ Bobby Mc Ferrin & Aziza

Mustafa Zadeh
starts 0:18 mins

Carmen is an opera in four acts by French composer Georges Bizet.

The opera was commissioned by and first performed at the Opéra-

Comique in Paris on 3 March 1875, where its breaking of conventions
shocked and scandalised its first audiences.

The music of Carmen has since been widely acclaimed for brilliance of
melody, harmony, atmosphere, and orchestration, and for the skill with
which Bizet musically represented the emotions and suffering of his

It is one of the most popular and frequently performed operas in the

classical canon; the "Habanera" from act 1 and the "Toreador Song"
from act 2 are among the best known of all operatic arias.

It is set in southern Spain and tells the story of the downfall of Don José,
a naïve soldier who is seduced by the wiles of the fiery gypsy Carmen.
José abandons his childhood sweetheart and deserts from his military
duties, yet loses Carmen's love to the glamorous torero Escamillo, after
which José kills her in a jealous rage. The depictions of proletarian life,
immorality, and lawlessness, and the tragic death of the main character
on stage, broke new ground in French opera and were highly

Habanera (Act 1):

As the factory bell rings, the cigarette girls emerge and exchange banter
with young men in the crowd ("La cloche a sonné"). Carmen enters and
sings her provocative habanera on the untameable nature of love
("L'amour est un oiseau rebelle"). The men plead with her to choose a
lover, and after some teasing she throws a flower to Don José, who thus
far has been ignoring her but is now annoyed by her insolence.

Bobby McFerrin
(born March 11, 1950 - about 67 years of age) is an American jazz
vocalist and conductor. A ten-time Grammy Award winner, he is known
for his unique vocal techniques, such as singing fluidly but with quick
and considerable jumps in pitch—for example, sustaining a melody while
also rapidly alternating with arpeggios and harmonies—as well as scat
singing, polyphonic overtone singing, and improvisational vocal
His innovative style of improvisation relies heavily on the ability to switch
between chest and head voice very quickly and smoothly, with no
noticeable transition. He has also mentioned the importance of a flexible
tongue that can articulate rapidly. He describes improvisation as the
commitment and courage to keep going once something is started.
Circular breathing techniques allow him to sing while inhaling and
exhaling giving him the ability to accompany himself - multiphonic

McFerrin has also worked in collaboration with instrumentalists,

including pianists Chick Corea, Herbie Hancock, and Joe Zawinul,
drummer Tony Williams, and cellist Yo-Yo Ma.

(As a vocalist, McFerrin often switches rapidly between modal and

falsetto registers to create polyphonic effects, performing both the main
melody and the accompanying parts of songs. He makes use of
percussive effects created both with his mouth and by tapping on his

His 1984 album The Voice, is the first solo vocal jazz album recorded
with no accompaniment or overdubbing.[3]

Live recording of performance at Burghausen International Jazz Week

2002. It is a jazz festival that has been operating once a year in March
since 1970.

Burghausen is known as the “Bavarian New Orleans”. This most

probably refers to the anarchy and vibrant celebration of cultures that is
associated with the history of New Orleans - clash of African and
western cultures, voodoo ceremonies and parades.

Every year since 2009, the European Young Artists' Jazz Award is
conferred at the Burghausen International Jazz Festival. Every style of
jazz is allowed.

Aziza Mustafa Zadeh

(born December 19, 1969), also known as "The Princess of Jazz", "Die
Prinzessin des Jazz", or as "Jazziza", is an Azerbaijani singer, pianist,
and composer who plays a fusion of jazz and mugam (a traditional
improvisational style of Azerbaijan) with classical and avant-garde
influences. Some reviewers have compared her to Keith Jarrett.
Mugam comes from the Russian word for mode. The music has a strong
gypsy/folk element to it and is usually infused with great passion and
emotion. The word also refers to multi-movement form. This form
combines elements of a suite and a rhapsody, is symphonic in nature
and has its own set of structural rules. A particular mode is chosen for
the piece and this adhered to within the guidelines of the mode. A
mugam composition is improvisational in nature.

She currently resides in Mainz, Germany, with her mother, Eliza Mustafa
Zadeh, who is also her manager. Her two favorite leisure activities, she
says, are painting and sleeping. She is a vegetarian. She believes in
God, though she does not consider herself as belonging to any religion.

Aziza was born in Baku to musical parents Vagif and Elza Mustafa
Zadeh (née Bandzeladze[3]). Vagif was a pianist and composer, famous
for creating the mugam-jazz fusion in which his daughter now plays.
Elza is a classically trained singer from Georgia.[4] Aziza's father died of
a severe heart attack in Tashkent at the age of 39. In order to help her
daughter cope with this blow, Aziza's mother gave up her career as a
singer to help nurture her daughter's own musical talents.

Aziza visited Azerbaijan in June 2007 for the Baku Jazz Festival, starring
in her own concert at the Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet
Theater and headlining the end-of-festival concert at the open-air Green
Theater.[8] Here she presented a remarkable rendition of "Shamans",
involving harmonising with her own echo.

Rococo, or "Late Baroque", is an early to late 18th-century French

artistic movement and style. Rococo artists and architects used a more
jocular, florid, and graceful approach to the Baroque.
The Rococo love of shell-like curves and focus on decorative arts led
some critics to say that the style was frivolous or merely modish. When
the term was first used in English in about 1836, it was a colloquialism
meaning "old-fashioned". The style received harsh criticism and was
seen by some to be superficial and of poor taste,[4][5] especially when
compared to neoclassicism.

An exercise, composition, or arrangement in which a performer sings
solmization (solfeggi) syllables or other meaningless vocal sounds rather
than a text.

The whole performance has a quality of casualness and this
complements the festival atmosphere. The jazz festival takes place in
March, which is associated with Spring and is the time of Starkbierzeit -
strong beer season! Bavaria is the largest state of Germany and is
located in the south east.