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Title: Hamlet (1996)

Setting: Late middle ages (14th and 15th centuries) Elsinore Castle, Denmark, cold winter

Genre: Tragedy


 Main Characters
a) Protagonist is Hamlet the Prince of Denmark son of King Hamlet and Queen Gertrude
and the nephew of Claudius, He is melancholy, cynical and full of hatred he always wear
black clothes to reflect his deep sorrow in the death of his father and also romantic with
deep feeling to Ophelia, starred by Kenneth Branagh
Objective: To kill king Claudius
Motives: To seek revenge for the death of his late father Commented [G1]: Inserted: r
b) Antagonist is Claudius he killed King Hamlet and marry Queen Gertrude and become the Commented [G2]: Inserted: f
king, He is ambitious for power, starred by Derek Jacobi
Commented [G3]: Deleted:t
Objectives: To be the King
Motives: to become more powerful
 Minor Character
a) Horatio is Hamlet’s closest and best friend, he is loyal trustworthy and reliable, starred
by Nicholas Ferrer
 Round Character
a) Gertrude is the Queen of Denmark, mother of Hamlet she has problem with her sexual
life as she gets married to Claudius soon after his husband's death, she is a beautiful
woman, but always hungry for affection she cares and loves Hamlet very much, starred Commented [G4]: Inserted: r
by Julie Christie Commented [G5]: Inserted: f
b) Polonius father of Ophelia and Laertes, he is the right hand of King Hamlet and the new Commented [G6]: Inserted: o
King Claudius, he is hypocrite, mean and slithery, he is the one convince everyone that
Commented [G7]: Deleted:wi
Hamlet is mad, starred by Richard Briers
c) Ophelia is Polonius’s daughter and Laertes’s sister she is beautiful and noble women Commented [G8]: Deleted:h

she is innocent and naïve she loves Hamlet but sill obey her father and brother, she died Commented [G9]: Deleted:f
as she drowns in the river near the garden, starred by Kate Winslet Commented [G10]: Inserted: c
d) Laertes Polonius's son and Ophelia’s brother, he is an educated young noble men, he Commented [G11]: Inserted: s
spends his life studying in France., he is obsessive of killing Hamlet after the death of his
Commented [G12]: Inserted: P
father and sister, he is slithery like his father because when he is having fencing deal
with Hamlet he puts poison in the point of sword, starred by Michael Maloney Commented [G14]: Deleted:p
e) Rosencrantz is former friends of Hamlet and summoned by Claudius to discover why Commented [G15]: Deleted:u
Hamlet is acting strangely, starred by Timothy Spall Commented [G16]: Deleted:k
f) Guildenstern is former friends of Hamlet and summoned by Claudius to discover why
Commented [G13]: Inserted: al
Hamlet is acting strangely, starred by Reece Dinsdale
Commented [G17]: Deleted:m
g) Fortinbras, starred by Rufus Sewell ( Enemy who wants to invade the land and take the
throne of Denmark Kingdom Commented [G18]: Inserted: r
 Static Character Commented [G19]: Deleted:r
a) The Ghost, starred by Brian Blessed Commented [G20]: Inserted: K
b) Ostric, starred by Robin Williams
Commented [G21]: Deleted:k
c) The guards
d) The officers


 Exposition

Exposition is the part of the plot that introduces the setting and characters and presents
the events and situations that the story will focus on. The story of Hamlet begins with the view
of Elsinore Castle. Outside the castle, a guard sees the statue of King Hamlet moves its hand. The
scene introduces the character of the Ghost.This part of the story also introduces all of the
important characters of Hamlet, which are Prince Hamlet, Claudius, Gertrude, Polonius, Ophelia,
and Laertes. All of them are introduced in the event of the wedding of Claudius and Gertrude.
Hamlet feels sick of his mother's wedding while he is still mourning after his father's death.In Commented [G22]: Inserted: i
this part of the story, Fortinbras is also introduced as the enemy who wants to invade the land Commented [G23]: Inserted: the
and take the throne of Denmark Kingdom.
Commented [G24]: Inserted: ter
 Rising Action Commented [G25]: Inserted: a

Rising action of a plot is the series of events that build up and create tension and Commented [G28]: Deleted:o
suspense. This tension is a result of the basic conflict that exists and makes the story interesting. Commented [G29]: Deleted:o
The rising action can be identified as the ingredients that complicate matters in a plot.The Commented [G26]: Inserted: the
complication comes after Hamlet meets the Ghost and finds out that his uncle, Claudius, is the
Commented [G27]: Inserted: K
murderer of his father. He starts to act mad and strange that complicates all of the people in the
castle. The coming of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern complicates even more as they are paid as Commented [G30]: Deleted:k

the spies to find out what is happening with Hamlet and his madness. The relationship between
Hamlet and Ophelia also becomes complicated because Polonius does not give his approval to
their love.

 Conflicts

Conflict is the struggle in a work of literature. This struggle may be between one person
and another person or between a person and an animal, an idea or a thing (external conflict). It
may also be between a person and himself or herself (internal conflict). The internal conflict
happens as Hamlet tries to manage his sorrow and act mad. He struggles with himself by faking
crazy after his father’s death. There are several external conflicts happen in Hamlet. The conflict
between Hamlet and Claudius happens along the story. Hamlet shows the conflict with Claudius
open to the public through the play. The conflict between Hamlet and Polonius happens Commented [G31]: Inserted: the
because Polonius does not agree with their relationship. When Hamlet shows that he really
cares of Ophelia, Polonius calls him mad. His conflict with Ophelia's father drives new conflict
with Ophelia because she obeys her father more than to love Hamlet. The peak of the conflict
with Polonius is when Hamlet and Gertrude are having a quarrel. Hamlet finds out that Polonius
is hiding over the curtain, and stabs him. Ophelia becomes crazy and drowns in the river. That Commented [G32]: Inserted: a
situation drives the conflict between Hamlet and Laertes. Laertes frustrated of planning revenge
for the death of his father and sister.
 Climax

The climax is the highest point in a story. In Hamlet, this point occurs when Hamlet and
Laertes finally get their revenge. They have fencing duel and wound each other. They fight Commented [G33]: Inserted: The c
violently. Laertes cheats by using a poisoned sword. Hamlet grabs Laertes's sword and wound Commented [G35]: Deleted:C
him with his poisoned sword.
Commented [G36]: Deleted:s
 Falling Action Commented [G37]: Deleted:s

Falling action is the sequence of events that follow the climax and end in the resolution. Commented [G38]: Deleted:s
This is in contrast to the rising action which leads up to the plot's climax. Falling action of the Commented [G34]: Inserted: a
story is when Gertrude dies after drinking poisoned water that supposed to be drunk by Hamlet.
She finds out that the poison is prepared by Claudius, his husband she loves so much.

 Denouement

The denouement is the point close to the resolution. The denouement of this story is
when Fortinbras comes, and everybody lying on the floor, dies, except Horatio. Horatio tells the Commented [G39]: Inserted: The d
story to Fortinbras. Commented [G40]: Deleted:D

 Resolution Commented [G41]: Deleted:n

Resolution is the part of the story's plot line in which the problem of the story is
resolved or worked out. This occurs after the falling action and is typically where the story ends.
The resolution of the story is when Fortinbras takes the throne and becomes the king of
Denmark. After the funeral of Prince Hamlet, the statue of King Hamlet is torn down.


 Madness
a) Hamlet’s madness of his father’s death
b) Accusation of Claudius to Hamlet as a murderer of his father
 Revenge
a) Hamlets avenges his father
b) Laertes avenges his father
 Mystery
a) appearance of the Ghost indicates the values believed as the mystery of death and the life
after death

Language: Renaissance English Commented [G42]: Inserted: E

Commented [G43]: Deleted:e

The Analysis of Hamlet.”, Fitrie, 4 Dec. 2011,

Shmoop Editorial Team. (2008, November 11). Hamlet Themes. Retrieved September 9,
2017, from
Bagwell, Monique. “HAMLET: KENNETH BRANAGH.”, 8 Dec. 2015,