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8007

0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System

LabVolt Series

Datasheet

Festo Didactic
en 120 V - 60 Hz
02/2018
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Table of Contents
General Description _______________________________________________________________________2
Features & Benefits _______________________________________________________________________3
List of Available Training Systems ___________________________________________________________3
Additional Equipment Required to Perform the Exercises ________________________________________3
Optional Equipment_______________________________________________________________________3
Available Training Systems_________________________________________________________________4
Equipment Description __________________________________________________________________ 1 0
Optional Equipment Description __________________________________________________________ 3 8

General Description
The 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System is a complete program that extends training in protective
relaying beyond the operation and calibrations of individual relays into broader circuit applications. The
program provides hands-on training at the system level in Generator Protection, Transformer Protection, and
Induction Motor Protection.
The 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System consists of several modules, which can be divided into five
groups: Common Electrical Modules, Power System Modules (Series 3700), Protective Relaying Control Station,
Protective Relays (Series 3800), and Additional and Optional Equipment. These modules are described in detail
below:
Common Electrical Modules – Power supply, synchronous generator, induction motor, prime mover /
dynamometer, resistive loads, voltmeters, ammeters, and others. Most of these modules are part of the 0.2 kW
ElectroMechanical System (EMS), Model 8001 or 8006.
Power System Modules, Series 3700 – Modules specially designed for training in the protective relaying area,
including current transformers, voltage transformers, power transformers, source impedances, a transmission
grid, and others. These modules are designed to be installed in an EMS workstation.
Protective Relaying Control Station – A mobile rack for protective relay operation, including a dc power supply,
dc control relays for system studies, and an interconnection panel to facilitate connection of the protective
relays to the system to be protected.
Protective Relays, Series 3800 – Selection of protective relays. Each relay is mounted on a metal panel which
facilitates relay installation in the Protective Relaying Control Station. Each relay panel is equipped with fault
switches that allow fault insertion for troubleshooting at the system level. The following types of protective
relays are available: undercurrent/overcurrent, undervoltage/overvoltage, synchronism check,
underfrequency/over-frequency, phase balance, phase sequence, reverse power, and power factor.
Additional and Optional Equipment – Various modules, such as distribution busses, a ring bus, transmission
lines, distribution transformers, protective relays, and reactive loads are available. These modules can be
added to the basic 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System to allow the instructor to create more elaborate
hands-on exercises.
The 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System courseware consists of a student manual and an instructor
guide. The student manual is divided into several units, each consisting of a series of hands-on exercises
dealing with one of the fields of protective relaying mentioned above. Each exercise provides a clearly stated
objective, a discussion, textbook references, a summary of the exercise procedure, a detailed exercise
procedure, a conclusion, and a set of review questions. A ten-question test at the end of each unit allows the
student to verify what was learned in the unit. Completion of some exercises in the student manual requires a
digital storage oscilloscope and a digital multimeter, which must be purchased separately.

2 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

The instructor guide contains the practical results as well as the answers for each hands-on exercise in the
student manual. It also contains the answers to the unit test questions in the student manual. The reference
textbook provides more elaborate discussions of the theory presented in the student manual.
The prerequisites for the 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System include: completion of a course in relay
operation and calibration, and completion of a course in electric power technology that covers electric power
generation, power transformers, and induction motors.
The modular structure of the 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, together with the subdivision of
student manuals into topical units, enables instructors to choose equipment that matches their budgets while
progressively enhancing their systems over time.
For power utility users, it is possible to combine their own protective relays with a selection of modules from the
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System to obtain equipment setups that correspond to existing one-line
and three-line diagrams.

Features & Benefits


• Modular, industrial-grade system approach allowing:
selection of areas of interest for study, and tailoring to special training needs
equipment selection to match budgets
setup of complete power systems/generators feeding various devices such as transformers, transmission lines,
and others
progressive system enhancement with no replication of equipment
• Use of many modules from other well-known Electromechanical System (EMS)
• Wide range of protective relays: undercurrent/overcurrent, undervoltage/overvoltage, synchronism check,
underfrequency/overfrequency, phase balance, phase sequence, reverse power, and power factor.
• Fault insertion capability for troubleshooting at the system level
• Very safe operation and experimentation
• Ability of power utility customers to combine their own protective relays with the 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training
System to obtain equipment setups that correspond to existing one-line and three-line diagrams
• Comprehensive curriculum with detailed lab procedures, exercises, theory, tests, etc.

List of Available Training Systems


Model
Qty Description
number
1 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System _________________________________________________ 8007-00
1 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System Add-On __________________________________________ 8007-A0

Additional Equipment Required to Perform the Exercises


Model
Qty Description
number
1 Dual-Trace Digital Storage Oscilloscope _____________________________________________________ 798-10 1
1 Digital Multimeter ______________________________________________________________________ 8946-10

Optional Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Distribution Transformers ________________________________________________________________ 3776-10

1 Used in one exercise of the courseware.

© Festo Didactic 3
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Model
Qty Description
number
1 Ring Bus _____________________________________________________________________________ 3780-10
1 Distribution Bus 'A' _____________________________________________________________________ 3782-10
1 Distribution Bus 'B' ____________________________________________________________________ 3782-20
1 Transmission Grid 'B' ___________________________________________________________________ 3785-10
1 Faultable Transmission Line ______________________________________________________________ 3792-10
1 Protective Relay Rack ___________________________________________________________________ 3801-10
1 Single-Phase Under/Over Current Relay ____________________________________________________ 3810-10
1 Single-Phase Under/Over Voltage Relay ____________________________________________________ 3816-20
1 Phase Sequence Relay __________________________________________________________________ 3836-10
1 Workstation ___________________________________________________________________________ 8134-20 2
1 Inductive Load _________________________________________________________________________ 8321-00
1 Three-Phase Transmission Line ___________________________________________________________ 8329-00
1 Capacitive Load ________________________________________________________________________ 8331-00
1 Three-Phase Power-Factor Meter, 0.2 kW ___________________________________________________ 8445-20
1 Frequency Meter _______________________________________________________________________ 8452-10
1 Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter __________________________________________________________ 8651-00

Available Training Systems


0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System
8007-00
The 0.2 kW Protective Relaying
Training System extends training in
protective relaying beyond the
operation and calibrations of
individual relays into broader circuit
applications. The system provides
hands-on training in generator
protection, transformer protection,
and induction motor protection.
The complete system consists of five
groups of modules which include Common Electrical Modules, Power System Modules (3700 Series), Protective
Relaying Control Station, Protective Relays (3800 Series), and Additional and Optional Equipment.
Courseware consists of a Student Manual containing hands-on exercises in each of the module topics along
with unit tests, an Instructor's Guide, and a reference textbook.
The program requires completion of courses in relay operation and calibration, and electric power technology
with coverage of electric power generation, power transformers, and induction motors.
For power utility users, it is possible to combine industrial grade protective relays with a selection of modules
from the Protective Relaying Training System to obtain equipment setups that correspond to existing one-line
and three-line diagrams.

2 Can replace the Mobile Workstation, Model 8110.

4 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Features & Benefits

• Modular system approach allows:


Selection of areas of interest for study.
Equipment selection to match budgets.
Set-up of complete power systems/generators feeding various devices such as transformers, transmission lines,
and others.
Progressive system enhancement.
• Use of many modules from the tried and proven LabVolt Electromechanical System (EMS).
• Fault-insertion capability for troubleshooting at the system level.
• All device connections are terminated with 4-mm safety banana jacks mounted on the module front panels.
• Ability of power utility customers to combine their own protective relays with the 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training
System to obtain equipment set-ups that correspond to existing one-line and three-line diagrams.

List of Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Source Impedance _____________________________________________________________________ 3765-10
1 Current Transformers ___________________________________________________________________ 3770-50
1 Current Transformers ___________________________________________________________________ 3770-60
1 Voltage Transformers ___________________________________________________________________ 3772-20
1 Faultable Transformers __________________________________________________________________ 3778-20
1 Transmission Grid 'A' ___________________________________________________________________ 3784-10
1 Interconnection Module _________________________________________________________________ 3787-10
1 Universal Fault Module __________________________________________________________________ 3790-10
1 Protective Relaying Control Station ________________________________________________________ 3806-40
1 Three-Phase Over Current Relay __________________________________________________________ 3811-10
1 AC/DC Current Sensitive Relay ___________________________________________________________ 3815-10
1 Three-Phase Under/Over Voltage Relay ____________________________________________________ 3817-20
1 AC/DC Voltage Sensitive Relay ___________________________________________________________ 3818-10
1 Synchro-Check Relay ____________________________________________________________________ 3820-10
1 Under/Over Frequency Relay _____________________________________________________________ 3821-10
1 Phase Balance/Sequence Relay ___________________________________________________________ 3822-10
1 Reverse Power Relay ____________________________________________________________________ 3824-20
1 Motor Power-Factor Relay _______________________________________________________________ 3825-10
1 Mobile Workstation _____________________________________________________________________ 8110-20
1 Three-Module Workstation _______________________________________________________________ 8131-00
1 Storage Shelves _______________________________________________________________________ 8150-10
1 Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor ___________________________________________________ 8221-00
1 Synchronous Motor/Generator ___________________________________________________________ 8241-00
2 Resistive Load _________________________________________________________________________ 8311-00
1 DC Voltmeter/Ammeter _________________________________________________________________ 8412-00
1 AC Ammeter ___________________________________________________________________________ 8425-00
1 AC Voltmeter __________________________________________________________________________ 8426-00
1 Wattmeter / Varmeter ___________________________________________________________________ 8446-20
1 Synchronizing Module __________________________________________________________________ 8621-00
1 Power Supply __________________________________________________________________________ 8821-20
1 Power Diodes __________________________________________________________________________ 8842-10
© Festo Didactic 5
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Model
Qty Description
number
1 Timing Belt ____________________________________________________________________________ 8942-00
1 Connection Lead Set ____________________________________________________________________ 8951-40
1 Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply ________________________________________________ 8960-B0
1 Inertia Wheel __________________________________________________________________________ 9126-00

List of Manuals
Manual
Description
number
Introduction to Protective Relaying (Student Manual) ____________________________________________ 31302-00
Introduction to Protective Relaying (Instructor Guide) ____________________________________________ 31302-10
Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) ______________________________________ 38486-E0

Table of Contents of the Manual(s)


Introduction to Protective Relaying (Student Manual) (31302-00)
• 1-1 Differential Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-2 Reverse Power Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-3 Rotor Earth Fault Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-4 Loss-of-Excitation Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-5 Overvoltage Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-6 Overspeed Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-7 Overcurrent Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-8 Generator Synchronization
• 1-9 Synchronous Generator Protection Scheme
• 2-1 Transformer Magnetizing Inrush
• 2-2 Differential Protection of a Three-Phase Power Transformer
• 2-3 Restricted Earth Fault Protection of a Three-Phase Power Transformer
• 2-4 Overcurrent Protection of a Three-Phase Power Transformer
• 2-5 Three-Phase Power Transformer Protection Scheme
• 3-1 Stator-Winding Fault Protection
• 3-2 Overcurrent Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
• 3-3 Phase Reversal Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
• 3-4 Phase Unbalance and Undervoltage Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
• 3-5 Stall Protection of an Induction Motor
• 3-6 Mechanical Overload/Underload Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor

Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) (38486-E0)


• 1 General Safety Recommendations
• 2 System Power Requirements
• 3 Quick Start Installation Guide
• 4 Equipment Installation
• 5 Modules Handling, Installation, and Removal
• 6 Equipment Maintenance
• A Connection of the Power Supply to the AC Power Network
• B Description, Specifications, and Operation of the EMS Modules

Additional Equipment Required to Perform the Exercises

6 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Model
Qty Description
number
1 Training on Introduction to Protective Relaying, 1.4 days _____________________________________ 31302-TF 3

Optional Manual(s)
Model
Qty Description
number
1 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System (Manuals on CD-ROM) _____________________________ 31302-A0

System Specifications
Parameter Value
System Requirements
Maximum Current 15 A
Typical Current 1.5 A per student group
3 phases (120/208 V – 60 Hz), star (wye) configuration including neutral and ground wires, protected by a 20 A
AC Power Network Installation
circuit breaker
AC Power Network Connector NEMA L21-20
Physical Characteristics
Intended Location On the floor (stands on casters, except for the Storage Cabinet)
Dimensions (H x W x D) 1980 x 3000 x 800 mm (78 x 118.1 x 31.5 in)
Net Weight TBE

0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System Add-On


8007-A0
This equipment is an add-on to the
8001 Electromechanical Systems
(8001). It consists of a Source
Impedance, a Current Transformer, a
Voltage Transformer, a Faultable
Transformer, a Transmission Grid 'A',
an Interconnected Module, a Universal
Fault Module, a Protective Relaying
Control Station, a Three-Phase Over
Current Relay, a AC/DC Current
Sensitive Relay, a Three-Phase Under/
Over Voltage Relay, an AC/DC Voltage Sensitive Relay, a Synchro-Check Relay, an Under/Over Frequency Relay,
a Phase Balance/Sequence Relay, a Reverse Power Relay, a Motor Power-Factore Relay, a Three-Module
Workstation, a Resistive Load, a Three-Phase Wattmeter/Varmeter, a Power Diodes module, Connection Leads,
a Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply, and an Inertia Wheel.

Features & Benefits

• Modular system approach allows:


Selection of areas of interest for study.
Equipment selection to match budgets.
Set-up of complete power systems/generators feeding various devices such as transformers, transmission lines,
and others.
Progressive system enhancement.
• Use of many modules from the tried and proven LabVolt Electromechanical System (EMS).

3 Optional product training. Price provided on demand. For details and options, contact services.didactic@festo.com.

© Festo Didactic 7
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

• Fault-insertion capability for troubleshooting at the system level.


• All device connections are terminated with 4-mm safety banana jacks mounted on the module front panels.
• Ability of power utility customers to combine their own protective relays with the 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training
System to obtain equipment set-ups that correspond to existing one-line and three-line diagrams.

List of Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Source Impedance _____________________________________________________________________ 3765-10
1 Current Transformers ___________________________________________________________________ 3770-50
1 Current Transformers ___________________________________________________________________ 3770-60
1 Voltage Transformers ___________________________________________________________________ 3772-20
1 Faultable Transformers __________________________________________________________________ 3778-20
1 Transmission Grid 'A' ___________________________________________________________________ 3784-10
1 Interconnection Module _________________________________________________________________ 3787-10
1 Universal Fault Module __________________________________________________________________ 3790-10
1 Protective Relaying Control Station ________________________________________________________ 3806-40
1 Three-Phase Over Current Relay __________________________________________________________ 3811-10
1 AC/DC Current Sensitive Relay ___________________________________________________________ 3815-10
1 Three-Phase Under/Over Voltage Relay ____________________________________________________ 3817-20
1 AC/DC Voltage Sensitive Relay ___________________________________________________________ 3818-10
1 Synchro-Check Relay ____________________________________________________________________ 3820-10
1 Under/Over Frequency Relay _____________________________________________________________ 3821-10
1 Phase Balance/Sequence Relay ___________________________________________________________ 3822-10
1 Reverse Power Relay ____________________________________________________________________ 3824-20
1 Motor Power-Factor Relay _______________________________________________________________ 3825-10
1 Three-Module Workstation _______________________________________________________________ 8131-00
1 Resistive Load _________________________________________________________________________ 8311-00
1 Wattmeter / Varmeter ___________________________________________________________________ 8446-20
1 Power Diodes __________________________________________________________________________ 8842-10
1 Connection Lead Set ____________________________________________________________________ 8951-D0
1 Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply ________________________________________________ 8960-B0
1 Inertia Wheel __________________________________________________________________________ 9126-00

List of Manuals
Manual
Description
number
Introduction to Protective Relaying (Student Manual) ____________________________________________ 31302-00
Introduction to Protective Relaying (Instructor Guide) ____________________________________________ 31302-10
Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) ______________________________________ 38486-E0

Table of Contents of the Manual(s)


Introduction to Protective Relaying (Student Manual) (31302-00)
• 1-1 Differential Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-2 Reverse Power Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-3 Rotor Earth Fault Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-4 Loss-of-Excitation Protection of a Synchronous Generator

8 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

• 1-5 Overvoltage Protection of a Synchronous Generator


• 1-6 Overspeed Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-7 Overcurrent Protection of a Synchronous Generator
• 1-8 Generator Synchronization
• 1-9 Synchronous Generator Protection Scheme
• 2-1 Transformer Magnetizing Inrush
• 2-2 Differential Protection of a Three-Phase Power Transformer
• 2-3 Restricted Earth Fault Protection of a Three-Phase Power Transformer
• 2-4 Overcurrent Protection of a Three-Phase Power Transformer
• 2-5 Three-Phase Power Transformer Protection Scheme
• 3-1 Stator-Winding Fault Protection
• 3-2 Overcurrent Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
• 3-3 Phase Reversal Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
• 3-4 Phase Unbalance and Undervoltage Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
• 3-5 Stall Protection of an Induction Motor
• 3-6 Mechanical Overload/Underload Protection of a Three-Phase Induction Motor

Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) (38486-E0)


• 1 General Safety Recommendations
• 2 System Power Requirements
• 3 Quick Start Installation Guide
• 4 Equipment Installation
• 5 Modules Handling, Installation, and Removal
• 6 Equipment Maintenance
• A Connection of the Power Supply to the AC Power Network
• B Description, Specifications, and Operation of the EMS Modules

Additional Equipment Required to Perform the Exercises


Model
Qty Description
number
1 Training on Introduction to Protective Relaying, 1.4 days _____________________________________ 31302-TF 4

System Specifications
Parameter Value
System Requirements
Maximum Current 15 A
Typical Current 1.5 A per student group
3 phases (120/208 V – 60 Hz), star (wye) configuration including neutral and ground wires, protected by a 20 A
AC Power Network Installation
circuit breaker
AC Power Network Connector NEMA L21-20
Physical Characteristics
Intended Location Installed in the workstation of the 0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, Model 8007-0
Dimensions (H x W x D) 1890 x 546 x 711 mm (74.5 x 21.5 x 28.0 in)
Net Weight TBE

4 Optional product training. Price provided on demand. For details and options, contact services.didactic@festo.com.

© Festo Didactic 9
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Equipment Description
Source Impedance
3765-10
The Source Impedance consists of
three inductors, one for each phase of
a three-phase AC power network,
installed in a half-height EMS module.
An additional resistor, of small
resistance value, is connected in
series with each inductor to keep the
reactance-resistance (X/R) ratio of the
source impedance close to that of the
synchronous generator. The Source
Impedance module is designed to limit
the short-circuit current drawn from the ac power source when response of protective relays is being tested.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Impedance 55 Ω, 82°
Nominal Phase Current 1A
Line-to-Line Voltage 208 V
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 155 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 9.3 kg (20.5 lb)

Current Transformers
3770-50
The Current Transformers consist of a
set of six instrument-type current
transformers installed in a half-height
EMS module. Each transformer is
equipped with a switch, mounted on
the front panel, that allows the
secondary winding to be short-
circuited. Current transformer ratios
have been carefully selected to match
the power equipment with the
protective devices.

Specifications
Parameter Value
CT1 to CT6
Current Ratio 1:5 A
Primary Impedance 2.5 Ω
Apparent Power 5 VA
Accuracy ±2%
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 155 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 13.0 kg (28.6 lb)

10 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Current Transformers
3770-60
The Current Transformers consists of a
set of six instrument-type current
transformers installed in a half-height
EMS module. Each transformer is
equipped with a switch, mounted on
the front panel, that allows the
secondary winding to be short-
circuited. Current transformer ratios
have been carefully selected to match
the power equipment with the
protective devices.

Specifications
Parameter Value
CT1 to CT3
Current Ratio 2:5 A
Primary Impedance 0.63 Ω
Apparent Power 5 VA
Accuracy ±2%
CT4 to CT6
Current Ratio 5:5 A
Primary Impedance 0.1 Ω
Apparent Power 5 VA
Accuracy ±2%
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 155 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 13.0 kg (28.6 lb)

Voltage Transformers
3772-20
The Voltage Transformers consists of a
set of six instrument-type voltage
transformers installed in a half-height
EMS module. Voltage transformer
ratios have been carefully selected to
match the power equipment with the
protective devices.

Specifications
Parameter Value
VT1 to VT6
Voltage Ratio 208:120 V
Apparent Power 8 VA
Accuracy ±2%
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 155 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 10.2 kg (22.4 lb)

© Festo Didactic 11
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Faultable Transformers
3778-20
TheFaultable Transformers consists of
three single-phase power transformers
installed in a full-height EMS module.
Each transformer has multiple primary
and secondary windings. Fault taps
are wired to switches or banana jacks
on the front panel for insertion of
winding-to-earth5 and winding-to-
winding faults via current-limiting
resistors. A current sensor is provided
to observe the waveform of the
primary current on transformer
magnetizing inrush.

Specifications
Parameter Value
T1 to T3
Primary Voltag 120/240 V
Secondary Voltage 12/120/240 V
Apparent Power 120 VA
Faults 3 (primary-earth, secondary-earth, primary-secondary)
Fault Insertion
T1 and T3 Through switches
T2 Remote
Current Sensor
Current 3A
Resistance 0.2 Ω
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 21.5 kg (47.3 lb)

Transmission Grid 'A'


3784-10
The Transmission Grid 'A' consists of a
transmission grid installed in a full-
height EMS module. This module is
used to open and close an ac power
circuit under normal conditions or to
interrupt this circuit under fault or
abnormal situations. It can also be
used for the connection of EMS motor/
generator sets and loads as well as the
protective relaying equipment for
transmission grid protection. The
transmission grid is opened at
intervals by eleven three-pole relays
with normally open (NO) contacts.
These relays can be operated by switches located on the module front panel or through the action of dc control

12 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

relays or protective relays as part of a protection scheme. The module has a dc bus, energized from an external
dc power supply, to distribute power to the relay coils.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Transmission Grid
Voltage 450 V - 3 phases
Current 5A
Relays
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 10 A at 600 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 10.5 kg (23.1 lb)

Interconnection Module
3787-10
The Interconnection Module consists
of three sets of twelve 4 mm safety
banana jacks and three multiple-
contact connectors mounted on the
front panel of a full-height EMS
module. Three interconnection cables,
supplied with the module, are used to
connect the banana jacks on the
Interconnection Module to the banana
jacks on the interconnection panel of
the Protective Relaying Control
Station, Model 3806, via the multiple
contact connectors. This provides an
efficient means of interconnecting the electrical power system (EMS system) to the relays installed in the
protective relaying control station.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Voltage 450 V
Current 5A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 6.9 kg (15.2 lb)

© Festo Didactic 13
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Universal Fault Module


3790-10
The Universal Fault Module consists of
control relays, adjustable time delay
relays, contactors, a solid-state relay
(SSR), current-limiting resistors, and
an inductor, all installed in a full-
height EMS module. These
components allow faults to be inserted
into the electrical power system (EMS
system) for training in protective
relaying applications. Typical faults
include line-to-line and line-to-earth
resistive faults as well as resistive and
inductive faults.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Winding Inductive Fault
Nominal Voltage 208 V
Apparent Power 100 VA
Line-to-Line Fault
Type Resistive
Resistor Ratings 100 Ω, 500 W
Line-to-Earth Fault
Type Resistive
Resistor Ratings 50 Ω, 500 W
Shunt
Resistance 25 Ω
Power 100 W
10 A at 120 V ac 10 A at 240 V ac
Relay K1
Contact Ratings 25 A at 250 V ac
Solid-State Relay (SSR)
Maximum Current 25 A ac
Maximum Voltage 250 V ac
Relay TD1
Time Delay Range 0.1 to 3 s
Relay SST1
Time Delay Range 0.1 to 10 s
Relay SST2
Time Delay Range 0.6 to 60 s
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 12.4 kg (27.3 lb)

14 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Protective Relaying Control Station


3806-40
The Protective Relaying Control
Station is a standard 48 cm (19 in)
rack, mounted on castors, that forms
the basis of a typical protective
relaying control station. Two sets of dc
control relays, a dc power supply, and
an interconnection panel are mounted
on the rack.
The two sets of dc control relays (six
relays per set) allow basic contacts of
protective relays (either normally open
or normally closed contacts) to be
converted into multiple normally open
(NO) / normally closed (NC) contacts
to actuate ac circuit breakers
(contactors) in the electrical power
system. Two of the dc control relays
have adjustable time delay. The dc
power supply is used to energize the relay coils.
The interconnection panel consists of three sets of twelve 4 mm safety banana jacks mounted on a standard 48
cm (19 in) panel. Three multiple contact connectors, also mounted on the panel, allow connection of cables
from the Interconnection Module, Model 3787.
A set of metal rails and three standard 48 cm (19 in) blank panels are supplied with the Protective Relaying
Control Station. The metal rails are used to mount the protective relays in the control station. Customers can
use the three blank panels for mounting their own protective relays in the control station.

Specifications
Parameter Value
DC Power Supply
Input Voltage 120 V – 60 Hz
Input Current 6A
Output Voltage 120 V
Output Current 5A
Control Relays 1
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 3 A at 150 V dc; 10 A at 240 V ac
Control Relays 2 (CR1 to CR4)
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 3 A at 150 V dc; 10 A at 240 V ac
Control Relays 2 (TD1)
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 10 A at 240 V ac
Time Delay Range 0.1 to 10 s
Control Relays 2 (TD2)
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 10 A at 240 V ac
Time Delay Range 0.6 to 60 s
Interconnection Panel
Voltage 450 V

© Festo Didactic 15
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Current 15 A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 1890 x 546 x 711 mm (74.5 x 21.5 x 28.0 in)
Net Weight 107.3 kg (236.1 lb)

Three-Phase Over Current Relay


3811-10
The Three-Phase Over Current Relay is
a protective relay that is sensitive to
overcurrent conditions in three-phase
power systems. It trips when the
current in any one of the three phases
exceeds the current setpoint. Current
setpoint and time delay adjustments
are provided along with two sets of
contacts.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Current 5 A ac, each phase
Maximum Input Current 200% of nominal input current
Current Setpoint Range 40% to 120% of nominal input current
Time Delay Range 0.5 to 10 s
Output Contacts DPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Auxiliary Supply
Voltage 120 V ac
Burden 4 VA
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.5 kg (3.3 lb)

16 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

AC/DC Current Sensitive Relay


3815-10
The AC/DC Current Sensitive Relay is a
protective relay that is sensitive to
either alternating current (ac) or direct
current (ac). It can be set to respond to
either undercurrent or overcurrent
conditions. Current setpoint and
hysteresis adjustments, ac/dc and
undercurrent/overcurrent selection
switches are provided along with a
single set of contacts.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Current Metering Ranges 4 to 60 mA; 40 to 600 mA; 0.4 to 6 A
Maximum Input Current 200 mA for the 4-60 mA range800 mA for the 40-600 mA range8 A for the 0.4-6 A range
Current Setpoint Range same as selected current metering range
Hysteresis Range 5% to 50% of selected current metering range
Output Contacts SPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 8 A at 250 V ac
Auxiliary Supply
Voltage 120 V ac
Burden 2.5 VA
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 171 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 6.7 in)
Net Weight 1.0 kg (2.2 lb)

Three-Phase Under/Over Voltage Relay


3817-20
The Three-Phase Under/Over Voltage
Relay is a protective relay that is
sensitive to both undervoltage and
overvoltage conditions in three-phase
power systems. It trips when the
voltage of any one of the three phases
moves outside the set voltage limits.
Voltage setpoint and hysteresis
adjustments are provided for
undervoltage and overvoltage. Two
independent sets of contacts are
provided: one for undervoltage and
one for overvoltage.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings

© Festo Didactic 17
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Nominal Input Voltage 69 V, line to neutral
Maximum Input Voltage 120% of nominal input voltage
Undervoltage Setpoint Range 75% to 100% of nominal input voltage
Overvoltage Setpoint Range 100% to 125% of nominal input voltage
Hysteresis Range 1% to 15% of nominal input voltage
Output Contacts 2 x SPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.4 kg (3.1 lb)

AC/DC Voltage Sensitive Relay


3818-10
The AC/DC Voltage Sensitive Relay is
sensitive to either alternating current
(ac) or direct current (dc). It can be set
to respond to either undervoltage or
overvoltage conditions. Voltage
setpoint and hysteresis adjustments,
and ac/dc and undervoltage/
overvoltage selection switches, are
provided along with a single set of
contacts.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Voltage Metering Ranges 0.4 to 6 V, 4 to 60 V, 40 to 600 V
Maximum Input Voltage 50 V for the 0.4-6 V range150 V for the 4-60 V range650 V for the 40-600 V range
Voltage Setpoint Range same as selected voltage metering range
Hysteresis Range 5% to 50% of selected voltage metering range
Output Contacts SPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 8 A at 250 V ac
Auxiliary Supply
Voltage 120 V ac
Burden 2.5 VA
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 H x 229 x 171 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 6.7 in)
Net Weight 1.0 kg (2.2 lb)

18 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Synchro-Check Relay
3820-10
The Synchro-Check Relay checks the
synchronism between two
independent ac power sources (a
synchronous generator and an ac
power bus, for instance) and indicates
when the two sources are
synchronized (within predetermined
limits). This relay can be used to
control the interconnection of two ac
power sources to prevent damages or
disturbances in power systems. A
synchronizing limit adjustment and
two pairs of contacts are provided.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Voltage 120 V
Minimum Input Voltage 75% of nominal input voltage
Maximum Input Voltage 130% of nominal input voltage
Synchronizing Limit Adjustment Range 10% to 30% of nominal input voltage
Output Contacts 2 x SPST: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 305 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.6 kg (3.5 lb)

Under/Over Frequency Relay


3821-10
The Under/Over Frequency Relay is
sensitive to both underfrequency and
overfrequency conditions. For
instance, in an ac power plant, it can
be used to protect a generator against
underspeed and/or overspeed,
because frequency is proportional to
speed. Frequency setpoint and
hysteresis adjustments are provided
for underfrequency and
overfrequency, along with two
independent sets of contacts: one for
underfrequency and one for
overfrequency.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Frequency 60 Hz
Nominal Input Voltage 120 V

© Festo Didactic 19
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Maximum Input Voltage 120% of nominal input voltage
Frequency Setpoint Range 50 to 70 Hz
Hysteresis Range 0.1 to 3.0 Hz
Output Contacts 2 x SPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.3 kg (2.9 lb)

Phase Balance/Sequence Relay


3822-10
The Phase Balance/Sequence Relay is
sensitive to phase unbalance, phase
reversal, and phase loss in three-
phase power systems. It can be used
to initiate an action should any one of
the hazards mentioned above occur.
For instance, the sensitivity to phase
unbalance allows protection of a
three-phase induction motor against
excessive temperature rise due to
unbalanced supply voltages.
Unbalance setpoint and time delay
adjustments as well as two sets of
contacts are provided. The adjustable time delay is a useful feature which can prevent premature relay
operation on short duration supply fluctuations.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Voltage 120 V, line to line
Maximum Input Voltage 120% of nominal input voltage
Unbalance Setpoint Range 5% to 15 % of nominal input voltage
Time Delay Range 0.5 to 10 s
Output Contacts DPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.0 kg (2.2 lb)

20 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Reverse Power Relay


3824-20
The Reverse Power Relay is sensitive
to the reversal of active power in
single-phase and three-phase four-
wire power systems. In systems where
a generator is connected in parallel to
other generators or to a power system
bus, this relay can be used to prevent
the generator from motoring in the
event the driving force applied to that
generator fails. Reverse power
setpoint and time delay adjustments
are provided along with two sets of
contacts.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Voltage 69 V ac
Maximum Input Voltage 120% of nominal input voltage
Nominal Input Current 5 A ac
Maximum Input Current 200% of nominal input current
Reverse Power Setpoint Range 2% to 20%
Time Delay Range 0 to 20 s
Output Contacts DPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 305 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 6.7 in)
Net Weight 1.7 kg (3.7 lb)

Motor Power-Factor Relay


3825-10
The Motor Power-Factor Relay is a
protective relay that is sensitive to
power factor. Because the phase angle
between the motor current and
voltage, and thus, the power factor, is
dependent on the mechanical load
applied to the motor, this relay can be
used to detect either underload or
overload conditions for a three-phase
induction motor. Power factor setpoint
and start delay adjustments, and an
underload/overload selection switch
are provided along with a single set of
contacts. The adjustable start delay is a useful feature which prevents the relay from tripping while the motor is
starting.

Specifications

© Festo Didactic 21
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 171 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 6.7 in)
Net Weight 0.7 kg (1.5 lb)

Mobile Workstation
8110-20
The Mobile Workstation is a ready-for-
use workstation that consists of two
fully assembled modules: a
Workstation, Model 8134-2, mounted
on a Mobile Storage Cabinet, Model
89117-1. Four rubber-tire swivel
casters allow easy movement of the
workstation in the laboratory
classroom. The lower portion of the
workstation serves as a storage
cabinet with two hinged panels and a
lock handle. Immediately above the
storage cabinet is a pullout work
surface with a scuff- and burn-
resistant laminate finish. The upper
portion of the workstation consists of
three rows of compartments designed
to house EMS modules. Two of these
rows have full-height compartments while the other row has half-height compartments. Each row of full-height
compartments can accommodate up to three full-size EMS modules or six half-size EMS modules, whereas the
row of half-height compartments can accommodate up to three half-size EMS modules.

Module Installation
The EMS modules are guided into position along stainless steel guide rails. Separators between each bay of the
workstation ensure perfect alignment of the EMS modules and allow their easy insertion in the workstation. A
holding mechanism ensures that each EMS module stays in place once it is installed in a compartment of the
workstation. Front-mounted push levers allow all EMS modules on a single row to be released for easy removal.

22 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Safety Padlock Bars


Two safety padlock bars on the front of the workstation prevent students from removing EMS modules during
laboratory exercises. The bars can be removed and locked to the side of the workstation when the safety lock is
not necessary.

Additional Information
Six holes in the rear panel of the workstation allow connection to a power supply, as well as the connection of 2
kW machines to their interconnection modules. Assembly of the workstation before painting ensures that each
EMS module in the workstation is correctly grounded.

Manual
Manual
Description
number
Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) ______________________________________ 38486-E0

Table of Contents of the Manual(s)


Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) (38486-E0)
• 1 General Safety Recommendations
• 2 System Power Requirements
• 3 Quick Start Installation Guide
• 4 Equipment Installation
• 5 Modules Handling, Installation, and Removal
• 6 Equipment Maintenance
• A Connection of the Power Supply to the AC Power Network
• B Description, Specifications, and Operation of the EMS Modules

Optional Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Industrial Controls Single-Rail Workstation ________________________________________________ 3105-A0 5
1 Industrial Controls Double-Rail Workstation ________________________________________________ 3105-B0 6

5 This add-on workstation allows modules from the Industrial Controls Training Systems, Models 8036, to be installed in the EMS workstation. Refer

to the 8036 datasheet for more information.


6 This add-on workstation allows modules from the Industrial Controls Training Systems, Models 8036, to be installed in the EMS workstation. Refer

to the 8036 datasheet for more information.

© Festo Didactic 23
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Specifications
Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Intended Location On the floor (stands on casters)
Dimensions (H x W x D) 1660 x 935 x 665 mm (65.4 x 36.8 x 26.2 in)
Net Weight 77.1 kg (170 lb)

Three-Module Workstation
8131-00
The Three-Module Workstation is a
fully assembled workstation that
serves the same purpose as the
Mobile Workstation, Model 8110, but
without any storage cabinet or pull-out
work surface. This workstation is
intended for use on a bench (not
supplied) and is fitted with wooden
feet to protect the bench top.
The Three-Module Workstation consists of a single row of three full-height compartments that can
accommodate up to three full-size EMS modules or six half-size EMS modules.

Module Installation
The EMS modules are guided into position along stainless steel guide rails. Separators between each bay of the
workstation ensure perfect alignment of the EMS modules and allow their easy insertion in the workstation. A
holding mechanism ensures that each EMS module stays in place once it is installed in a compartment of the
workstation. A front-mounted push lever allows all EMS modules on the workstation to be released for easy
removal.

Safety Padlock Bars


Two safety padlock bars on the front of the workstation prevent students from removing EMS modules during
laboratory exercises. The bars can be removed and locked to the side of the workstation when the safety lock is
not necessary.

24 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Additional Information
Three holes in the rear panel of the workstation allow connection to a power supply, as well as the connection
of 2 kW machines to their interconnection modules. Assembly of the workstation before painting ensures that
each EMS module in the workstation is correctly grounded.

Manual
Manual
Description
number
Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) ______________________________________ 38486-E0

Table of Contents of the Manual(s)


Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) (38486-E0)
• 1 General Safety Recommendations
• 2 System Power Requirements
• 3 Quick Start Installation Guide
• 4 Equipment Installation
• 5 Modules Handling, Installation, and Removal
• 6 Equipment Maintenance
• A Connection of the Power Supply to the AC Power Network
• B Description, Specifications, and Operation of the EMS Modules

Optional Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Industrial Controls Single-Rail Workstation ________________________________________________ 3105-A0 7
1 Industrial Controls Double-Rail Workstation ________________________________________________ 3105-B0 8
1 Dust Cover for Workstation 8131 __________________________________________________________ 8991-10

Specifications
Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Intended Location On a table able to support the weight of the workstation and installed equipment

7 This add-on workstation allows modules from the Industrial Controls Training Systems, Models 8036, to be installed in the EMS workstation. Refer

to the 8036 datasheet for more information.


8 This add-on workstation allows modules from the Industrial Controls Training Systems, Models 8036, to be installed in the EMS workstation. Refer

to the 8036 datasheet for more information.

© Festo Didactic 25
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Dimensions (H x W x D) 375 x 930 x 530 mm (14.8 x 36.6 x 20.9 in)
Net Weight TBE

Storage Shelves
8150-10
The Storage Shelves module contains
five shelves, each of which can
accommodate four full-size EMS
modules or eight half-size EMS
modules. Stainless steel rails guide
the modules on the storage shelves
and protect them against wear. The
Storage Shelves module requires
assembly. A diagram is provided to
facilitate assembly. Note that this
model cannot stand by itself and must
be attached to a wall.

Optional Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Dust Cover for Model 8150 _______________________________________________________________ 8992-00

Specifications
Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Intended Location On the floor and attached to a wall
Dimensions (H x W x D) 1980 x 1225 x 480 mm (78 x 48.2 x 18.9 in)
Net Weight TBE

26 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor


8221-00
The Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction
Motor is a 0.2 kW squirrel-cage
induction machine mounted in a full-
size EMS module. The machine stator
windings are independently connected
(six jacks), allowing connection in
either wye or delta configuration.
Connections to the machine are made
through color-coded safety banana
jacks located on the front panel on the
module. A tensioner bearing can be
ordered as an option.
The front panel of the Four-Pole
Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor module can be opened to install a Timing Belt, Model 8942, on the pulley of the
machine shaft. This permits mechanical coupling of this machine to the Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power
Supply, Model 8960. When driven by a prime mover, the Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor operates as a
three-phase asynchronous generator.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Stator Voltage 120/208 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase
Mechanical Power 175 W
Nominal Speed 1670 r/min
Nominal Current 1.2 A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 420 mm (12.1 x 11.3 x 16.5 in)
Net Weight 13.5 kg (29.7 lb)

Synchronous Motor/Generator
8241-00
The Synchronous Motor/Generator is
a 0.2 kW three-phase synchronous
machine mounted in a full-size EMS
module. This machine can be operated
either as a three-phase motor or a
three-phase generator. Each phase of
the machine stator windings is
independently terminated and
identified on the front panel to allow
operation in either wye or delta
configuration. The machine rotor is
equipped with a squirrel-cage damper.
Variable dc excitation to the rotor field
windings is fed through externally mounted slip rings and brushes that are wired to a rheostat and control
switch located on the front panel.

© Festo Didactic 27
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Connections to the machine are made through color-coded safety banana jacks located on the front panel of the
module. This front panel can be opened to install a Timing Belt, Model 8942, on the pulley of the machine shaft.
This permits mechanical coupling of the machine to the Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply, Model
8960.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Motor
Stator Voltage 120/208 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase
Rotor Voltage 120 V dc
Output Power 175 W
Synchronous Speed 1800 r/min
Full-Load Current 0.8 A
Generator
Stator Voltage 120/208 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase
Rotor Voltage 120 V dc
Output Power 120 VA
Synchronous Speed 1800 r/min
Nominal Output Current 0.33 A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 14 kg (30.8 lb)

Resistive Load
8311-00
The Resistive Load consists of a
module housing nine wire-wound
power resistors arranged in three
identical banks. Each bank consists of
three resistors connected in parallel
that can be switched on or off with
toggle switches to obtain various
resistance values. This allows the total
(equivalent) resistance of each bank to
be increased or decreased by steps.
Six safety banana jacks on the module front panel provide access to each resistor bank. The three resistor
banks can be connected separately for operation in three-phase circuits. Also, the three resistor banks can be
connected together for operation in single-phase circuits.
The Resistive Load is commonly used in conjunction with other basic load modules, like the Inductive Load and
the Capacitive Load to experiment with the effects of different types of load on a circuit.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Resistors
Quantity Three identical banks of three resistors
Resistance Values (Each Group) 300/600/1200 Ω
Nominal Voltage 120 V ac/dc
Resistance Value Accuracy ± 5%
Load at Nominal Voltage (Each Bank)
Power 12-84 W
Current 0.1-0.7 A
Steps Seven, of equal increment
Current Increment 0.1 A

28 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 410 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 16.1 in)
Net Weight 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
Color
Front panel color Black

DC Voltmeter/Ammeter
8412-00
The DC Voltmeter/Ammeter module is
an EMS metering module. It is fitted
with one dc voltmeter, one dc
milliammeter, and one dc ammeter.
Meter ranges and scalar values of each
instrument have been carefully
selected for compatibility and are
appropriate for the electrical values to
be measured. All meter readings are
direct indications and do not require
the indicated value to be mentally
multiplied by a constant.
All meters are diode-protected against burnout, should the students miswire a meter by range or function. This
permits the greatest latitude of student involvement without fear of damaging equipment. All meters are
terminated by 4 mm color-coded safety sockets.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Voltmeter Ranges
Low 0-20 V
High 200 V
Milliammeter Range 0-500 mA
Ammeter Ranges
Low 0-2.5 A
High 5A
Accuracy 2%
Type of Instrument Panel meter - 65 mm (2.5 in)
Type of Movement d'Arsonval
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 3.5 kg (7.7 lb)
Shipping Weight 5.1 kg (11.2 lb)

© Festo Didactic 29
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

AC Ammeter
8425-00
The AC Ammeter module is fitted with
three separate multi-range ac
ammeters for simultaneous
measurement of three-phase currents.
Two of the three meters have identical
ranges while the third instrument has
one additional higher range for
measurement of the starting current of
single-phase motors. Meter ranges
and scalar values of each instrument
have been carefully selected for compatibility and are appropriate for the electrical values to be measured. All
meter readings are direct indications and do not require the indicated value to be mentally multiplied by a
constant.
All meters are diode-protected against burnout, should the students miswire a meter by range or function. This
permits the greatest latitude of student involvement without fear of damaging equipment. All meters are
terminated by 4 mm color-coded safety sockets.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ammeter Ranges
High (Two Meters) 0-0.5 A / 2.5 A / 8 A
Low (One Meter) 0-0.5 A / 2.5 A / 8 A / 25 A
Accuracy 2%
Type of Instrument Panel meter - 65 mm (2.5 in)
Type of Movement Moving vane and current transformer
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 4.8 kg (10.6 lb)
Shipping Weight 6.4 kg (14.1 lb)

AC Voltmeter
8426-00
The AC Voltmeter module is fitted with
three separate multi-range ac
voltmeters for simultaneous
measurement of three-phase voltages.
Meter ranges and scalar values of each
instrument have been carefully
selected for compatibility and are
appropriate for the electrical values to
be measured. All meter readings are
direct indications and do not require
the indicated value to be mentally
multiplied by a constant.
All meters are diode-protected against burnout, should the students miswire a meter by range or function. This
permits the greatest latitude of student involvement without fear of damaging equipment. All meters are
terminated by 4 mm color-coded safety sockets.

30 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Specifications
Parameter Value
Voltmeter Ranges
Low 0-100 V ac
High 250 V ac
Accuracy 2%
Type of Instrument Panel meter - 65 mm (2.5 in)
Type of Movement d'Arsonval, 1000 Ω/V, and rectifier current
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 3.6 kg (7.9 lb)
Shipping Weight 5.2 kg (11.4 lb)

Wattmeter / Varmeter
8446-20
The Wattmeter / Varmeter module is
one of the metering modules designed
for the Electromechanical (EMS)
System. It is fitted with one wattmeter
and one varmeter and is designed to
indicate direct measurement of active
and reactive power in balanced three-
phase circuits. Each meter has a zero-
center cable scale to show the
direction of power flow. Its electronic
design uses voltage and current
sensors to sample line voltage and current. Voltage and current circuits are internally connected so that
students only have to connect the "line" and "load" terminals of the module.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Rating
Wattmeter Range 300 - 0 - 300 W
Varmeter Range 300 - 0 - 300 var
Maximum Voltage 240 V
Maximum Current 1.5 A
AC Power Input 24 V
Accuracy 2%
Type of Instrument Panel Type – 100 mm (4 in)
Type of Movement d'Arsonval
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 3.9 kg (8.6 lb)

© Festo Didactic 31
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Synchronizing Module
8621-00
The Synchronizing Module is a power
control device enclosed in a half-size
EMS module. The Synchronizing
Module is mainly used to synchronize
two ac generators. It can also be used
to determine the phase sequence in
three-phase circuits. The
synchronizing Module has three
indicator lamps indicating the relative
voltage difference between two
circuits. The brightness of the
indicator lamps increases with the voltage difference between the two circuits. The Synchronizing Module has a
three-phase switch mounted on the module front panel. This three-phase switch is a triple-pole, single-throw
switch. Each phase leg of the three-phase switch is protected against overcurrents and short-circuits by a
thermal-magnetic circuit breaker.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Rating
Each Phase 240 V – 2 A ac
Light Bulbs 130 V – 2.6 W – BA9S
Circuit Breakers 2A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 410 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 16.1 in)
Net Weight 3.6 kg (7.9 lb)

Power Supply
8821-20
The Power Supply is enclosed in a full-
size EMS module. It can be used to
power most of the EMS modules of the
Electricity and New Energy Training
Equipment. This Power Supply
provides dc power and ac power, both
fixed and variable, single-phase and
three-phase. Color-coded safety
banana jacks provide access to all the
power sources in the Power Supply. All
these power sources can be used
simultaneously, provided that the total
current drawn does not exceed the
maximum current rating. A built-in voltmeter with selector switch and liquid crystal display (LCD) indicates the
voltage provided by any of the power sources. The input and outputs of the Power Supply are protected by
independent circuit breakers.

Specifications

32 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Module Requirements
3 phases (120/208 V – 60 Hz), star (wye) configuration including neutral and ground wires, protected by a 20 A
AC Power Network Installation
circuit breaker
AC Power Network Connector NEMA L21-20
Maximum Current 15 A
Outputs (*see note)
Three-Phase Fixed AC 120/208 V – 15 A - 60 Hz
Three-Phase Variable AC 0-120/208 V – 5 A - 60 Hz
Variable DC 0-120 V – 8 A
Fixed DC 120 V – 2 A
Low Power AC 24 V – 3 A - 60 Hz
Included Accessories
3 m (10 ft) ac power cord (1)
NEMA L21-20 wall connector with wall plate (1)
Padlock (1)
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 495 mm (12.1 x 11.3 x 19.5 in)
Net Weight 18.4 kg (40.5 lb)
The Power Supply cannot supply all the amounts of current indicated by the current ratings on its front panel at
the same time. The current indicated for the fixed ac three-phase output section can only be obtained if no current
is drawn from any other section, because this section is protected by the main circuit breaker common to every
section. If currents flow in other sections, the available current for the fixed ac three-phase output section
*Note decreases. The variable ac output section and the variable dc output section are protected by a common set of
circuit breakers placed after the fixed ac three-phase output section, which means that the current capacity has to
be shared between the two sections. For instance, if current of the variable dc output section is at 70% of its
nominal value, current drawn from the variable ac output section should not exceed 30% of its nominal value. The
fixed dc output section is also protected by circuit breakers placed after the fixed ac three-phase output section.

Power Diodes
8842-10
The Power Diodes consists of six
power diodes mounted in a half-size
EMS enclosure. Each individual diode
is protected against overcurrent and
short-circuits by a thermal-magnetic
circuit breaker. All the anodes and
cathodes of the diode are terminated
on the front panel by color-coded, 4
mm safety banana jacks. The diodes
are interconnected in three groups of
two, i.e., one group for each phase of
the power supply. To reduce the number of external connections on the front panel, the upper cathodes can be
connected together as well as the lower anodes, through the use of a toggle switch.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Rating
Peak Increase Voltage 600 V
Maximum Current 2A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 3.0 kg (7 lb)

© Festo Didactic 33
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Timing Belt
8942-00
The Timing Belt is a high-quality
industrial synchro-cog timing belt
made of rubber whose teeth exactly
mesh with the geared pulley fitted on
the shaft of all 0.2 kW EMS machines.
The Timing Belt is supplied in a fixed
length appropriate for coupling two
adjacent EMS machines together without slippage between them.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Pitch 9.5 mm (0.375 in)
Pitch Length 819 mm (32.25 in)
Number of Teeth 86
Dimensions (Width) 12.7 mm (0.5 in)
Net Weight 0.1 kg (0.2 lb)

Connection Lead Set


8951-40
This Connection Lead Set consists of extra-flexible leads terminated with stacking 4 mm safety banana plugs.
The leads are supplied in different lengths and are color-coded according to length.

Specifications
Parameter Value
4 mm Safety Banana Plug Leads Characteristics
Cross Section 1 mm² (1974 cmil)
Rated Current 19 A
Rated Voltage 600 V, CAT II
4 mm Safety Banana Plug Leads Quantities
Yellow, 30 cm (12 in) 30
Red, 60 cm (24 in) 36
Blue, 90 cm (36 in) 22
Black, 150 cm (60 in) 6

Connection Lead Set


8951-D0
This Connection Lead Set consists of extra-flexible leads terminated with stacking 4 mm safety banana plugs.
The leads are supplied in different lengths and are color-coded according to length.

Specifications
Parameter Value
4 mm Safety Banana Plug Leads Characteristics
Cross Section 1 mm² (1974 cmil)
Rated Current 19 A
Rated Voltage 600 V, CAT II
4 mm Safety Banana Plug Leads Quantities
Yellow, 30 cm (12 in) 20
Red, 60 cm (24 in) 21
Blue, 90 cm (36 in) 16
Black, 150 cm (60 in) 6

34 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply


8960-B0
The Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/
Power Supply is a highly versatile USB
peripheral designed to be used in the
Electric Power Technology Training
Systems. Two operating modes are
available: Dynamometer and Power
Supply. A wide variety of user-
selectable functions is available in
each operating mode.
In the Dynamometer mode, the unit
becomes a four-quadrant
dynamometer that can act as either a
fully configurable brake (i.e., a
mechanical load) or a fully configurable prime mover (i.e., a motor drive). In the Power Supply mode, the unit
becomes a four-quadrant power supply that can act as a dc voltage source, dc current source, ac power source,
etc.
In each operating mode, key parameters related to the selected function are displayed. Speed, torque,
mechanical power, and energy are displayed in the Dynamometer mode while voltage, current, electrical power,
and energy are displayed in the Power Supply mode. Optional functions, such as a small wind-turbine emulator,
a hydraulic turbine emulator, a solar panel emulator, battery chargers, an SDK (Software Development Kit) etc.,
can be added to the standard functions to further enhance the training possibilities of the Four-Quadrant
Dynamometer/Power Supply.
Two modes are available to control the function which the Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply
performs: Manual and Computer-Based.
In the Manual control mode, the module operates as a stand-alone unit, and the function performed is selected,
set, and monitored using front-panel mounted controls and display. This mode provides access to all basic
functions. In the Computer-Based control mode, the function performed by the module is selected, set, and
monitored using the LVDAC-EMS software. In this mode, communication between the Four-Quadrant
Dynamometer/Power Supply and the host computer running the LVDAC-EMS software is achieved through a
USB connection. This mode provides access to all basic functions, as well as to additional advanced functions.
Model 8960-B includes the Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply, Model 8960-2, with the following
function set activated:

• Standard Functions (Manual Control), Model 8968-1

Specifications
Parameter Value
Power Requirements
Maximum Current 6A
AC Power Network Installation 120 V - 60 Hz, must include live, neutral, and ground wires
Maximum Leakage Current 1.8 mA
Dynamometer Mode
Magnetic Torque 0 to 3 N·m (0 to 27 lbf·in)
Direction of Rotation CW / CCW
Speed 0 to 2500 r/min
Nominal Power 350 W

© Festo Didactic 35
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Power Supply Mode
DC Voltage 0 to ± 150 V
AC Voltage (RMS) 0 to 105 V (no-load)
DC Current 0 to ± 5 A
AC Current (RMS) 0 to 3.5 A
Maximum Output Power 500 W
AC Frequency 10 to 120 Hz
Control Functions
Activated Set Standard Functions (Manual Control), Model 8968-1
Liquid-Crystal Display (LCD) 76 mm (3 in), monochrome, background-illuminated, 240 x 160 dots
Control Inputs
Command Input 0 to ± 10 V
Thermistor Input 10 kΩ, type 1
Control Outputs
Shaft Encoder Quadrature encoder (A-B) - 360 pulses/revolution - TTL compatible
Torque Output Sensitivity 0.3 N·m/V (2.655 lbf·in/V)
Speed Output Sensitivity 500 r/min/V
Communication Port
Type USB 2.0
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 437 mm (12.1 x 11.3 x 17.2 in)
Net Weight 19.5 kg (43.0 lb)

Standard Functions (manual control) Set


8968-10
The Standard Functions (manual control) Set is a package of control functions that can be activated in the Four-
Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply, Model 8960-2, enabling the module to perform a wide variety of
functions in each of its two operating modes (Dynamometer and Power Supply).
The set allows only manual control of the functions. This means that the Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power
Supply operates as a stand-alone unit, and the function performed is selected, set, and monitored using front-
panel mounted controls and display. The following control functions are available in the set:
Dynamometer operating mode

• Two-Quadrant, Constant-Torque Brake


• Clockwise Prime Mover/Brake
• Counterclockwise Prime Mover/Brake
• Clockwise Constant-Speed Prime Mover/Brake
• Counterclockwise Constant-Speed Prime Mover/Brake
• Positive Constant-Torque Prime Mover/Brake
• Negative Constant-Torque Prime Mover/Brake

Power Supply operating mode

• Positive Voltage Source


• Negative Voltage Source
• 200 V DC Bus
• Positive Current Source
• Negative Current Source
• 50 Hz Power Source
• 60 Hz Power Source
• Lead-Acid Battery Float Charger

36 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Specifications
Parameter Value
Control Functions
Control Functions Two-Quadrant, Constant-Torque Brake
Clockwise Prime Mover/Brake
Counterclockwise Prime Mover/Brake
Clockwise Constant-Speed Prime Mover/Brake
Counterclockwise Constant-Speed Prime Mover/Brake
Positive Constant-Torque Prime Mover/Brake
Negative Constant-Torque Prime Mover/Brake
Positive Voltage Source
Negative Voltage Source
Positive Current Source
Negative Current Source
50 Hz Power Source
60 Hz Power Source
200 V DC Bus
Lead-Acid Battery Float Charger
Two-Quadrant, Constant-Torque Brake
Torque 0-3 N·m (26.55 lbf·in)
Clockwise/Counterclockwise Prime Mover/Brake
Speed 0-2500 r/min
Clockwise/Counterclockwise Constant-Speed
Prime Mover/Brake
Speed 0-2500 r/min
Positive/Negative Constant-Torque Prime Mover/
Brake
Torque 0-3 N·m (26.55 lbf·in)
Positive/Negative Voltage Source
Voltage 0 to ±150 V
Positive/Negative Current Source
Current 0 to ±5 A
50 Hz/60 Hz Power Source
No-Load Voltage 0-140 V
200 V DC Bus
Status On or off
Lead-Acid Battery Float Charger
Float Voltage 0-150 V

© Festo Didactic 37
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Inertia Wheel
9126-00
The balanced Inertia Wheel securely
attaches to any 0.2 kW machine. When
the inertia wheel is rotated at 1800 r/
min, it stores 790 joules of energy
(550 joules at 1500 r/min).

Optional Equipment Description


Dual-Trace Digital Storage Oscilloscope (Optional)
798-10
The Dual-Trace Digital Storage
Oscilloscope is a low-cost oscilloscope
that is ideally suited for general
purpose use in any classroom
laboratory. Two low capacitance
probes are included with the unit.

Features & Benefits

• Color, 17.8 cm (7 in) liquid crystal display


• Multi-language, on-display menu
• 50 MHz bandwidth
• 1 GSa/s maximum sampling rate
• 10 ns/div to 50 s/div time base
• 2 mV/div to 10V/div vertical sensitivity
• ±3% accuracy
• USB and RS 232 ports
• Compact design

38 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

• Light weight

Specifications
Parameter Value
Input
Input Coupling AC, DC, GND
Input Impedance (DC) 1 MΩ ±3%, 16 pF ±3pF
Maximum Input Voltage 400 V CATII
Horizontal System
Display Modes Y-T mode X-Y mode
Time base 10ns/div-50s/div, (1-2-5 sequence)
Time Window 14 Divisions
Horizontal displacement range 100 div
Display type Point display, vector display
Vertical System
Vertical Sensitivity 2 mV-10 V/div at input BNC (1-2-5 step-by-step)
Vertical Resolution 8 bit
Channels 2
Bandwidth 50 MHz (at input BNC)
DC Gain Accuracy (2mV/div) ≤±4.0%
DC Gain Accuracy (The rest gears) ≤±3.0%
Math operation +, -, *,÷, FFT
Bandwidth limit 20 MHz (-3dB)
Trigger System
Trigger Types Edge, Pulse, Video, Slope, Alternate
Trigger Modes Auto, Normal, Single
Trigger Sources Ch1, Ch2, EXT, EXT/5, AC Line
Trigger Coupling AC, DC, LF rej, HF rej
Control Panel
Auto Set Auto adjustment of the vertical system, horizontal system, and trigger position
2 groups of reference waveform, 20 groups of common waveform, 16 groups of setups; save and recall from USB
Save/Recall
flash drive of the waveform, setups.
Hardware Frequency Counter
Range resolution 6 Bytes
Range Alterning-current coupling, from 10 Hz to MAX bandwidth
Signal Type All sources capable of being triggered in pulse trigger or edge trigger type
Acquisition System
Sampling mode Real time sampling
Real Time Sampling Rate (Single Channel) 1 GSa/s
Real Time Sampling Rate (Double Channels) 500 MSa/s
Storage depth (Single Channel) 2 Mpts
Storage depth (Dual Channel) 1 Mpts
Acquire Mode Sampling, peak value detection, average value
Average time 4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
Measure System
Vpp, Vmax, Vmin, Vamp, Vtop, Vbase, Vavg, Mean, Crms, Vrms, ROVShoot, FOVShoot, RPREShoot, FPREShoot,
Auto Measure
Rise time, Fall time, Freq, Period, +Wid, -Wid, +Dut, -Dut, Bwid, Phase, FRR, FRF, FFR, FFF, LRR, LRF, LFR, LFF
Cursor Measure Manual mode, Track mode, and Auto mode
Display
Display Mode Color TFT 17.8 cm (7 in) diagonal Liquid Crystal Display
Resolution 800 horizontal by 480 vertical pixels
Display Color 64K color
English, French, German, Russian, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Portuguese, Japanese, Koran,
Language
Italian
Interface USB host, USB devices, RS232, pass/fail output
Power Supply
Input Voltage 100-240 V ac, CAT II, auto selection
Frequency Scope 45-440 Hz
Maximum Power 50 VA Max
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H×W×D) 399 x 111 x 149 mm (15.7 x 4.4 x 5.9 in)

© Festo Didactic 39
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Net Weight 2.4 kg

Distribution Transformers (Optional)


3776-10
The Distribution Transformers consists
of three single-phase distribution
transformers installed in a half-height
EMS module. This module is intended
to model the Edison three-wire
distribution system, common in North
America, and is only available in
120/240-V, 60-Hz.

Specifications
Parameter Value
T1 to T3
Primary Voltage 120/240 V
Secondary Voltage 120/240 V
Apparent Power 100 VA
155 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 9.3 kg (20.5 lb)

Ring Bus (Optional)


3780-10
The Ring Bus is a three-phase ring bus
installed in a full-height EMS module.
It is used for the connection of the
EMS motor/generator sets and loads
as well as the protective relaying
equipment for bus protection. The ring
bus is opened at intervals by seven
three-pole relays with normally open
(NO) contacts. These relays can be
operated by switches located on the
front panel of the module or through
the action of dc control relays or
protective relays as part of a bus
protection scheme. The module has a
dc bus, energized from an external dc
power supply, to distribute power to the relay coils. Three-pole circuit breakers are included at the bus bar as a
safety backup in the event of extreme fault conditions.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ring Bus
Voltage 415 V - 3 phases
Current 5A
Relays
Coil Voltage 120 V dc

40 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Contact Ratings 10 A at 600 V ac
Overcurrent Protection 2 x three-pole 5-A circuit breaker
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 8.7 kg (19.1 lb)

Distribution Bus 'A' (Optional)


3782-10
The Distribution Bus 'A', Model
3782-1, and Distribution Bus 'B',
Model 3782-2, each consists of two
three-phase distribution busses in
parallel, installed in a full-height EMS
module. These modules are used for
the connection of the EMS motor/
generator sets and loads as well as the
protective relaying equipment for bus
protection. The bus bars and inputs/
outputs are opened at intervals by
eight three-pole relays with normally
open (NO) contacts. These relays can
be operated by switches located on
the module front panel or through the
action of dc control relays or
protective relays as part of a bus protection scheme. Each module has a dc bus, energized from an external dc
power supply, to distribute power to the relay coils. Used together, these two modules create a complete
parallel bus bar.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Distribution Bus
Voltage 450 V - 3 phases
Current 5A
Relays
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 10 A at 600 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 8.7 kg (19.1 lb)

© Festo Didactic 41
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Distribution Bus 'B' (Optional)


3782-20
The Distribution Bus 'A', Model
3782-1, and Distribution Bus 'B',
Model 3782-2, each consists of two
three-phase distribution busses in
parallel, installed in a full-height EMS
module. These modules are used for
the connection of the EMS motor/
generator sets and loads as well as the
protective relaying equipment for bus
protection. The bus bars and inputs/
outputs are opened at intervals by
eight three-pole relays with normally
open (NO) contacts. These relays can
be operated by switches located on
the module front panel or through the
action of dc control relays or
protective relays as part of a bus protection scheme. Each module has a dc bus, energized from an external dc
power supply, to distribute power to the relay coils. Used together, these two modules create a complete
parallel bus bar.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Distribution Bus
Voltage 450 V - 3 phases
Current 5A
Relays
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 10 A at 600 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 7.8 kg (12.2 lb)

Transmission Grid 'B' (Optional)


3785-10
The Transmission Grid 'B' consists of a
transmission grid installed in a full-
height EMS module. This module is
used for the connection of the EMS
motor/generator sets and loads as
well as the protective relaying
equipment for transmission grid
protection. The transmission grid is
opened at intervals by eight three-pole
relays with normally open (NO)
contacts. These relays can be operated
by switches located on the module
front panel or through the action of dc

42 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

control relays or protective relays as part of a transmission grid protection scheme. The module has a dc bus,
energized from an external dc power supply, to distribute power to the relay coils. This module and the
Transmission Grid 'A', Model 3784, can be used together to create a complete multiple transmission grid when
used with the Transmission Lines.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Transmission Grid
Voltage 450 V - 3 phases
Current 5A
Relays
Coil Voltage 120 V dc
Contact Ratings 10 A at 600 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 308 x 287 x 440 mm (12.1 x 11.5 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 8.7 kg (19.1 lb)

Faultable Transmission Line (Optional)


3792-10
The Faultable Transmission Line
consists of a simulated three-phase
transmission line installed in a half-
height EMS module. The transmission
line provides for inserting both line-to-
earth and line-to-line faults, which can
be either transient or uninterrupted.
This module is intended to be used
with the Universal Fault Module,
Model 3790.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Line-to-Line Voltage 208 V
Nominal Phase Current 2A
Impedance 49 Ω, 72°
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 155 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 10.2 kg (22.4 lb)

© Festo Didactic 43
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Protective Relay Rack (Optional)


3801-10
The Protective Relay Rack is a
standard 48 cm (19 in) rack, mounted
on castors. Metal rails allow mounting
or storing of the protective relays.
Seven standard 48 cm (19 in) blank
panels, included with the rack, can be
used by the customer for mounting his
own protective relays.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 1890 x 546 x 711 mm (74.5 x 21.5 x 28.0 in)
Net Weight 82.3 kg (181.1 lb)

Single-Phase Under/Over Current Relay (Optional)


3810-10
The Single-Phase Under/Over Current
Relay is a protective relay that is
sensitive to both undercurrent and
overcurrent conditions in single-phase
power systems. It trips when the
current moves outside the set current
limits. Current setpoint and time delay
adjustments are provided for
undercurrent and overcurrent. Two
independent sets of contacts are
provided: one for undercurrent and
one for overcurrent.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Current 5 A ac
Maximum Input Current 200% of nominal input current
Undercurrent Setpoint Range 40% to 120% of nominal input current
Overcurrent Setpoint Range 40% to 120% of nominal input current
Time Delay Range 0.5 to 10 s

44 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Parameter Value
Output Contacts 2 x SPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Auxiliary Supply
Voltage 120 V ac
Burden 4 VA
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.5 kg (3.3 lb)

Single-Phase Under/Over Voltage Relay (Optional)


3816-20
The Single-Phase Under/Over Voltage
Relay is a protective relay that is
sensitive to both undervoltage and
overvoltage conditions in single-phase
power systems. It trips when the
voltage moves outside the set voltage
limits.
Voltage setpoint and hysteresis
adjustments are provided for
undervoltage and overvoltage. Two
independent sets of contacts are
provided: one for undervoltage and
one for overvoltage.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Voltage 69 V ac
Maximum Input Voltage 120% of nominal input voltage
Undervoltage Setpoint Range 75% to 100% of nominal input voltage
Overvoltage Setpoint Range 100% to 125% of nominal input voltage
Hysteresis Range 1% to 15% of nominal input voltage
Output Contacts 2 x SPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.4 kg (3.1 lb)

© Festo Didactic 45
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Phase Sequence Relay (Optional)


3836-10
The Phase Sequence Relay is a
protective relay that checks for correct
phase sequence in three-phase power
systems. It can be used to protect
electrical equipment from incorrect
sequence connection, which can result
in severe damages to equipment or
injuries to personnel due to reverse
rotation of motor driven equipment.
Two sets of contacts are provided.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Nominal Input Voltage 120 V, line to line
Maximum Input Voltage 120% of nominal input voltage
Output Contacts DPDT: 0.5 A at 120 V dc; 5 A at 240 V ac
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 203 x 229 x 184 mm (8.0 x 9.0 x 7.2 in)
Net Weight 1.0 kg (2.2 lb)

Workstation (Optional)
8134-20
The Workstation is a fully assembled
workstation that serves the same
purpose as the Mobile Workstation,
Model 8110-2, but has no storage
cabinet or pull-out work surface. This
workstation is intended for use on a
bench (not supplied) and is fitted with
rubber feet to protect the bench top.
Alternatively, this workstation can be
mounted on either a Mobile Storage
Cabinet, Model 89117-1, to make a
Mobile Workstation, Model 8110-2, or
on a Mobile Base, Model 88863, to
make a mobile workstation without
storage cabinet. In that case, it is
possible to mount and lock a second
Workstation, Model 8134-2, on top of the first Workstation to double the space available for EMS modules.
The Workstation consists of three rows of compartments designed to house EMS modules. Two of these rows
have full-height compartments while the other row has half-height compartments. Each row of full-height
compartments can accommodate up to three full-size EMS modules or six half-size EMS modules whereas the
row of half-height compartments can accommodate up to three half-size EMS modules.

46 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Module Installation
The EMS modules are guided into position along stainless steel guide rails. Separators between each bay of the
workstation ensure perfect alignment of the EMS modules and allow their easy insertion in the workstation. A
holding mechanism ensures that each EMS module stays in place once it is installed in a compartment of the
workstation. Front-mounted push levers allow all EMS modules on a single row to be released for easy removal.

Safety Padlock Bars


Two safety padlock bars on the front of the workstation prevent students from removing EMS modules during
laboratory exercises. The bars can be removed and locked to the side of the workstation when the safety lock is
not necessary.

Additional Information
Six holes in the rear panel of the workstation allow connection to a power supply, as well as the connection of 2
kW machines to their interconnection modules. Assembly of the workstation before painting ensures that each
EMS module in the workstation is correctly grounded.

Manual
Manual
Description
number
Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) ______________________________________ 38486-E0

© Festo Didactic 47
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Table of Contents of the Manual(s)


Electric Power Technology Training Equipment (User Guide) (38486-E0)
• 1 General Safety Recommendations
• 2 System Power Requirements
• 3 Quick Start Installation Guide
• 4 Equipment Installation
• 5 Modules Handling, Installation, and Removal
• 6 Equipment Maintenance
• A Connection of the Power Supply to the AC Power Network
• B Description, Specifications, and Operation of the EMS Modules

Optional Equipment
Model
Qty Description
number
1 Industrial Controls Single-Rail Workstation ________________________________________________ 3105-A0 9
1 Industrial Controls Double-Rail Workstation ________________________________________________ 3105-B0 10
1 Dust Cover for Workstations ______________________________________________________________ 8991-00
1 Mobile Base __________________________________________________________________________ 88863-00
1 Mobile Storage Cabinet ________________________________________________________________ 89117-10

Specifications
Parameter Value
Physical Characteristics
Intended Location On a table able to support the weight of the workstation and installed equipment
Dimensions (H x W x D) 890 x 935 x 465 mm (35.0 x 36.8 x 18.3 in)
Net Weight 31.8 kg (70 lb)

Inductive Load (Optional)


8321-00
The Inductive Load consists of a
module housing nine iron-core power
inductors arranged in three identical
banks. Each bank consists of three
inductors connected in parallel that
can be switched on or off with toggle
switches to obtain various inductance
values. This allows the equivalent
inductance of each bank to be
increased or decreased by steps. Six
safety banana jacks on the module front panel provide access to each inductor bank. The three inductor banks
can be connected separately for operation in three-phase circuits. Also, the three inductor banks can be
connected together for operation in single-phase circuits.
The Inductive Load is commonly used in conjunction with other basic load modules, like the Resistive Load and
the Capacitive Load to experiment with the effects of different types of load on a circuit.

9 This add-on workstation allows modules from the Industrial Controls Training Systems, Models 8036, to be installed in the EMS workstation. Refer

to the 8036 datasheet for more information.


10 This add-on workstation allows modules from the Industrial Controls Training Systems, Models 8036, to be installed in the EMS workstation. Refer

to the 8036 datasheet for more information.

48 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Specifications
Parameter Value
Inductors
Quantity Three identical banks of three inductors
Inductance Values (Each Bank) 0.8/1.6/3.2 H
Reactance Values (Each Bank) 300/600/1200 Ω
Nominal Voltage 120 V – 60 Hz
Inductance Value Accuracy ± 5%
Load at Nominal Voltage (Each Bank)
Reactive Power 12-84 var
Current 0.1-0.7 A
Steps Seven, of equal increment
Current Increment 0.1 A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 410 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 16.1 in)
Net Weight 10.1 kg (22.3 lb)

Three-Phase Transmission Line (Optional)


8329-00
The Three-Phase Transmission Line
consists of three iron-core inductors
enclosed in a half-size EMS module.
The inductors are specifically designed
to simulate a high-voltage ac
transmission line. The line impedance
can be adjusted to four different
values using a selector switch
mounted on the front panel. A three-
pole switch is used to induce
transients by momentarily interrupting the power flow. Both sides (sender and receiver) of the Three-Phase
Transmission Line are terminated on the front panel by 4 mm color-coded safety banana jacks.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Ratings
Line Reactance Settings 0, 60, 120, and 180 Ω
Nominal Line Current 1A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 8.2 kg (18 lb)
Shipping Weight 9.8 kg (21.6 lb)

© Festo Didactic 49
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Capacitive Load (Optional)


8331-00
The Capacitive Load consists of a
module housing nine capacitors
arranged in three identical banks. Each
bank consists of three capacitors
connected in parallel that can be
switched on or off with toggle switches
to obtain various capacitance values.
This allows the equivalent capacitance
of each bank to be increased or
decreased by steps. Six safety banana
jacks on the module front panel provide access to each capacitor bank. The three capacitor banks can be
connected separately for operation in three-phase circuits. Also, the three capacitor banks can be connected
together for operation in single-phase circuits.
A permanently connected discharge resistor reduces the voltage across the terminals of each bank of capacitors
to 5% of the applied voltage within 25 seconds after the load is disconnected from the supply. The Capacitive
Load may be used with both dc and ac power.
The Capacitive Load is commonly used in conjunction with the other basic load modules, the Resistive Load and
the Inductive Load to experiment with the effects of different types of load on a circuit.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Capacitors
Quantity Three identical banks of three capacitors
Capacitance Values (Each Bank) 2.2/4.4/8.8 μF
Reactance Values (Each Bank) 300/600/1200 Ω
Nominal Voltage 120 V – 60 Hz
Maximum Voltage 230 V
Capacitance Value Accuracy ± 5%
Load at Nominal Voltage (Each Bank)
Reactive Power 12-84 var
Current 0.1-0.7 A
Steps Seven, of equal increment
Current Increment 0.1 A
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 410 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 16.1 in)
Net Weight 5.7 kg (12.6 lb)

Three-Phase Power-Factor Meter, 0.2 kW (Optional)


8445-20
The Three-Phase Power-Factor Meter
is one of the metering modules
designed for the Electromechanical
(EMS) System. It consists of one meter
providing a direct measurement of
lagging or leading power factor in
three-phase balanced circuits. Its
electronic design uses voltage and
current sensors to sample line voltage

50 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

and current. Voltage and current circuits are internally connected so that students only have to connect the line
and load terminals of the module. Connections are made through 4-mm color-coded jacks. A 24 V ac power
source (available from the Power Supply, Model 8525-2) is required to operate the unit.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Rating
Range 0.5 (LAG) - 1 - 0.5 (LEAD)
Nominal Voltage 208V, 3-Phase
Maximum Current 5A
AC Power Input 24 V
Accuracy 1.5%
Type of Instrument Panel Type – 100 mm (4 in)
Type of Movement d'Arsonval
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 4.6 kg (10.2 lb)

Frequency Meter (Optional)


8452-10
The Frequency Meter module is one of the metering modules designed for the Electromechanical (EMS) System.
It is designed to measure the frequency of an alternating current source. It allows you to measure and compare
the frequency of two signals by using a built-in selector switch.

Specifications
Parameter Value
Rating
Range 55-65 Hz
Maximum Voltage 220 V – AC
Burden 5 VA
Accuracy +0.2 Hz
Type of Instrument Panel Type – 100 mm (4 in)
Type of Movement d'Arsonval with Electronic Transducer
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 154 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 3.6 kg (7.9 lb)

Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter (Optional)


8651-00
The Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter is
designed to start the Four-Pole
Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor, Model
8221, and Three-Phase Wound-Rotor
Induction Motor, Model 8231, directly
from the ac power network. The
module consists of a three-pole
magnetic contactor with a variable
overload relay. The components are
interconnected to the line and load
terminals. A power-on pilot lamp and I
and O push-buttons are also mounted on the module faceplate. The auxiliary contacts of the main contactor can
be accessed for use as an interlock in control circuits. Connections are made through 4 mm color-coded jacks.

© Festo Didactic 51
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Specifications
Parameter Value
Rating
Motor Power 0.2 kW
Line Voltage 208 V ac, 3-Phase
Full Load Current 1A
Reduced Voltage Starting Time 20 s
Physical Characteristics
Dimensions (H x W x D) 156 x 287 x 440 mm (6.1 x 11.3 x 17.3 in)
Net Weight 4.4 kg (9.7 lb)
Shipping Weight 6 kg (13.2 lb)

Digital Multimeter (Optional)


8946-10
The Digital Multimeter is a 3-1/2 digits
hand-held measuring instrument. It
can measure dc as well as ac voltages,
dc currents, resistances, diodes, and
transistors.
It is equipped with a Data Hold mode
and it comes with test leads, a holster,
a 9 V battery, and the operating
manual.

52 © Festo Didactic
0.2 kW Protective Relaying Training System, LabVolt Series, 8007

Reflecting the commitment of Festo Didactic to high quality standards in product, design, development, production,
installation, and service, our manufacturing and distribution facility has received the ISO 9001 certification.

Festo Didactic reserves the right to make product improvements at any time and without notice and is not responsible
for typographical errors. Festo Didactic recognizes all product names used herein as trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective holders. © Festo Didactic Inc. 2018. All rights reserved.

Festo Didactic SE
Rechbergstrasse 3
73770 Denkendorf
Germany
P. +49(0)711/3467-0
F. +49(0)711/347-54-88500

Festo Didactic Inc.


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United States
P. +1-732-938-2000
F. +1-732-774-8573

Festo Didactic Ltée/Ltd


675 rue du Carbone
Québec QC G2N 2K7
Canada
P. +1-418-849-1000
F. +1-418-849-1666

www.labvolt.com
www.festo-didactic.com

© Festo Didactic 53