You are on page 1of 8

PUREMEG

MEG reclamation and regeneration technology


ABOUT CAMERON

Cameron is a leading provider of flow equipment products, systems and services to worldwide

oil, gas and process industries. Leveraging our global manufacturing, engineering and sales

and service network, Cameron works with drilling contractors, oil and gas producers, pipeline

operators, refiners and other process owners to control, direct, adjust, process, measure and

compress pressures and flows.

Cameron operates around the world from more than 300 locations, covering virtually all

of the world’s oil and gas operating basins.

PROCESS & COMPRESSION SYSTEMS

Cameron’s Process & Compression Systems division provides standard and custom-engineered

process packages for the separation and treatment of oil, gas, water and solids. The combination

of resources within the division enables Cameron to provide comprehensive solutions to satisfy

customer needs in a variety of oil and gas markets, including wellhead production; midstream

gathering and storage; floating production, storage and offloading units; refining; fuel gas

boosting; and more.

2
VALV E S & ME AS U R E M E N T

Hydrate Prevention with MEG


Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is widely used by the oil and gas markets in

wellheads and pipelines as a hydrate suppressor to prevent hydrate formation

at pipeline conditions. On offshore, deepwater gas-production facilities,

where the exposure to lower temperatures in subsea pipelines is common,

MEG typically is used for hydrate inhibition.

Hydrate inhibition is achieved by injecting MEG to decrease the hydrate

formation temperature below the operating temperature, thus preventing

hydrate blockage of the pipeline. During the gas-production process, the lean

glycol mixes with the produced water from the formation.

The production fluid containing natural gas with associated condensate,

produced water, and the injected MEG enters the production facility where

the fluids undergo phase separation. The produced fluids pass through a

slug catcher and are then flashed in a three-phase, production separator to

separate gas, hydrocarbon liquids and the produced water and MEG mixture,

commonly known as rich MEG. The produced gas and hydrocarbon liquids are

routed onshore for sales and further processing.

The rich MEG is regenerated by Cameron’s PUREMEG process into a lean, high-
®

purity, salt-free MEG for reuse. Separated salts are sent to disposal.

Cameron’s PUREMEG Technology


Cameron’s PUREMEG reclamation and regeneration process is designed to

deliver hydrocarbon and salt-free MEG for hydrate inhibition. The process

reduces MEG losses by decreasing the MEG content in the disposed salt.

Normally, up to 99.5% MEG recovery can be achieved. PUREMEG Pilot Plant installed at
The University of Manchester

PUREMEG reclamation and regeneration technology


can provide up to 99.5% MEG recovery.

3
MEG Reclamation The MEG regeneration section of the PUREMEG process

MEG reclamation is used to recover the MEG and water is a refluxed distillation column. The distillation column

components from a MEG-water-salt mixture by contacting also operates under vacuum and distills the water from

the MEG-water-salt stream with a heated recycle stream of the MEG-water vapors coming off the top of the flash

MEG. The MEG and water components are vaporized and separator. Salt-free, lean MEG or PUREMEG produced

subsequently separated by distillation. Salt accumulates at the bottom of the distillation column is pumped to

in the concentrated recycle stream, crystallizes and is storage for reuse. The vaporized water passes overhead

discharged from the process. MEG reclamation is unusual from the distillation column. The water is condensed and

compared to other equipment used in gas processing in collected in the reflux drum. A small amount is returned

that it occurs under a considerable vacuum to reduce the to the distillation column as reflux, and the remaining is

processing temperatures and the consequential risk of routed to treatment.

MEG degradation, which, if allowed to occur, leads to a The salt crystals that precipitate in the flash separator are
sharp rise in MEG losses and equipment fouling. separated by gravity to the bottom of the brine column,
where they are transferred to the salt tank. There,
The PUREMEG Process the salts are concentrated before removal through a
Cameron’s PUREMEG technology has been designed centrifuge.
to remove salts with reduced MEG losses, while also
The salts in produced water cover a variety of species, but
removing the water to achieve the required outlet glycol
generally are categorized into monovalent salts (typically
purity. The PUREMEG process is comprised of five sections:
sodium and potassium), and divalent salts (typically
• Pretreatment calcium and magnesium). The divalent salts cannot
• Flash separation be effectively precipitated in the same manner as the
• MEG regeneration monovalent salts, so a separate calcium removal process
• Salt management is installed with the PUREMEG process. Effective calcium
• Calcium removal control is accomplished as the divalent salts are collected,

In the pretreatment stage, the rich MEG containing some reacted and removed through a centrifuge with the

dissolved gas and hydrocarbon liquids must pass through centrate overflow returning to the process.

a three-phase separator vessel. The gas is flashed and The PUREMEG process applies specialist knowhow and
recovered hydrocarbon liquids are sent to the production patented design features. In brief, these features include:
separator. The rich MEG is sent to the flash separator.
• Use of spiral-type heat exchangers that are more
The rich MEG stream comprised of produced water and tolerant of salty conditions than other types of
MEG is fed to the flash separator where it is brought exchangers.
into contact with a hot recycle stream of MEG. The flash
• Patented design of the flash separator to reduce the
separator operates under vacuum. The MEG and water
population of salt crystals in the heated recycle stream.
components of the rich MEG stream are flashed and exit
• Extraction and cleanup of the salt using a patented salt-
through the top of the flash separator where they are
management technology.
sent to the MEG distillation column for regeneration. The
salt components of the rich MEG stream precipitate in the The result is a design that is best practice in extracting
flash separator. large quantities of salt with reduced MEG losses,
environmental impact and downtime.

4
VALV E S & ME AS U R E M E N T

Typical PUREMEG technology with fullstream reclamation

Key Process Differentiations


Reduced Population of Salt Particles in • The PUREMEG process uses HSE best practice by
Recycle Loops (Patented) operating the centrifuge at ambient temperature.

• Solids content is reduced by approximately 80% to 95%


Divalent Salt Removal System
in the recycle circuit.
Cameron offers optional modularized divalent salt removal
• Lower particle content reduces erosion and fouling, systems, which provide better reliability and higher MEG
resulting in reduced operating and maintenance costs. recovery overall.

Removal of Salt Crystals Chemical Dosing


• Salt particles that descend below the drawoff level settle Cameron’s system of chemical dosing controls pH, reduces

at the bottom of the flash separator and enter the salt oxygen, inhibits corrosion and has the following results:

removal system where they are stripped of MEG. • Significantly less auto-oxidation, which can otherwise

• Glycol-depleted waste salt can be disposed of directly cause the glycol to breakdown into organic acids

into the sea using either a batch or continuous process, or • Control of the precipitation and removal of calcium and
dried and disposed of as a cake. iron compounds and other contaminants to reduce the

• L ow overall MEG losses below 1 wt% in the waste salt fouling of heat exchangers and other equipment

are typically 10 times better than competing designs. • Use of lower cost materials of construction

5
The Process Solutions Group
The Process Solutions Group is our industry-recognized
in-house consulting service. Services are provided by
an integrated team of R&D specialists that routinely
develops solutions for challenging customer process
problems. This unique group of specialists is available to
work with customers to design efficient solutions that
meet project requirements.

Aftermarket Support
Cameron’s global aftermarket network, CAMSERV™,
provides site support using a dedicated team of
experienced service and project representatives.
Strategically located throughout the globe, this network
provides turnkey expertise and support for customers
for the duration of a project, from commissioning to
MEG module for offshore Brazil application. Rich MEG flow 5 m /h;
3
operation. From replacement parts and spares, field
300 tonne module.
service contracts to equipment repair, our mission is

High-Flux Heat Exchangers to provide the highest quality support to ensure our

Our recycle heater uses a spiral-type heat exchanger to customers’ satisfaction.

heat the high-flow salty recycle MEG without fouling,


without allowing suspended particulate matter to settle,
and without exposing the recycled MEG to high skin
temperatures that might promote thermal degradation.

Training
As part of Cameron’s commitment to providing full-
service solutions, we also offer a diverse Educational
Services Program for the oil- and gas-processing markets.
Our training capabilities include both open enrollment
and custom courses that can be designed to meet our
customers’ specific needs, in addition to the ability to
provide hands-on training. To obtain additional details,
please contact your local Cameron sales representative
or email prstraining@c-a-m.com.

CAMSERV has more than 400 highly trained technicians


around the world.

6
VALV E S & ME AS U R E M E N T

HSE Policy Statement


At Cameron, we are committed ethically,
financially and personally to a working environment
where no one gets hurt, nothing gets harmed.

L
ike the quest for the earth’s energy Management System, each Cameron busi-

resources, at Cameron, our commit- ness unit and facility develops its own

ment to health, safety and the safety management initiatives geared

environment runs deep. Protecting our toward its own employees and work

world and workplace is simply a mat- practices. These include HSE site com-

ter of respect, and a core value shared mittees, regular safety training sessions,

among all those who wear the Cameron employee HSE manuals, HSE compliance

name. But noble intentions are only realized audits, new employee orientation programs

through tangible, measurable actions. and incident investigation policies.

So at Cameron, we understand that a culture of safety Cameron takes seriously its role as a responsible cor-

and environmental responsibility must be built upon a very porate citizen, and is committed to a work environment

real foundation — a foundation of communication, high that exists in harmony with the natural environment.

expectations, accountability, achievement and continuous In addition to fully complying with all local laws,

challenge for improvement. Cameron business units also develop and maintain a

Cameron’s commitment to HSE is a work ethic that number of effective environmental protection pro-

carries throughout the Cameron organization from the grams. These include strict waste disposal policies, waste

corporate office to the shop floor. This commitment can mini-mization and recycling programs, and regular air

be seen in day-to-day activities throughout our worldwide and water monitoring.

network of sales, service and manufacturing locations. From our division headquarters in Houston to our

Cameron management actively works to incorporate operations in the Eastern Hemisphere, Asia Pacific and

HSE considerations into business decisions by implementing the Middle East, Cameron has adopted a multi-cultural,

programs designed to protect the health and safety of our worldwide philosophy that puts HSE first and foremost in

employees, contractors, communities, customers, partners the minds of our employees. Cameron has invested in the

and the environment. resources and training required to develop and imple-

At Cameron, a safe and healthy working environment ment HSE policies, management systems, programs and

is more than a matter of policy. It’s a matter of practice. procedures that ensure a working environment where

In addition to safety programs outlined in the HSE no one gets hurt and nothing gets harmed.

7
PRO CESS SYSTEMS

C A M E R O N ’ S G L O B A L P R O C E SS S YS T E M S T EC H N O L O G Y / R& D C E N T E R S
4901 West Sam Houston Parkway North Sluppenveien 12E
Houston, TX 77041 USA Trondheim, 7037

Tel 1 713 896 3600 Norway


Tel 47 73 40 17 00

C A M E R O N ’ S P R O C E SS S YS T E M S H E A D Q UA R T E R S
11210 Equity Dr., Suite 100
Houston, TX 77041 USA
Tel 1 713 849 7500

NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA EUROPE, AFRICA, CASPIAN, AND RUSSIA ASIA PACIFIC, MIDDLE EAST, AND INDIA

Brazil France India


Rua da Assembléia, 98, 20th Floor 45 Rue Louis Blanc 3rd Fl., Tidel Park, Vilankurichi Road
20011 000 Rio de Janeiro RJ Courbevoie, 92400 Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 640 014
Brazil France India
Tel 55 21 2172 9650 Tel 33 1 4717 6054 Tel 91 422 3995000
Canada Italy Japan
6908 42St Milan, Italy Homat Horizon Bldg.
Leduc, AB T9E 0W1 Tel 39 3453 743065 1fl, 6-2 Goban-cho
Canada andrea.cavara@c-a-m.com Chiyoda-ku
Tel 1 780 986 9803 Tokyo, Japan
Russia
Tel 81 33 288 1901
9423 Shepard Rd. SE 9 Trekhprudny Lane, Building 2
Calgary, AB T2C 4R6 Fifth Floor Malaysia
Canada 123001 Menara See Hoy Chan
Tel 1 403 236 1850 Moscow, Russia 374 Jalan Tun Razak, Suite 07-08
Tel 7 495 225 1818 Kuala Lumpur 50400
Colombia
Malaysia
Calle 110 No. 9 - 25 United Kingdom
Tel 60 3 9207 9555
Torre Pacific, Oficina 1008 5 The Heights, Brooklands
Bogota, Colombia Weybridge United Arab Emirates
Tel 57 1 7432876 Surrey, KT13 0NY 9th Fl., Al Jazira Office Tower A
England, UK Muroor Road, PO Box 47280
Mexico
Tel 44 1932 452000 Abu Dhabi, UAE
Calle 31 #173 Local 32
Tel 971 2 596 8400
Plaza Camarón
Col. Aviación
Cd. Del Carmen Campeche, México
Tel 52 938 2861175

ENVIRONME
ND N
A

TA
TH SAFETY

LE

HSE Policy Statement


XCELLEN

At Cameron, we are committed ethically, financially and personally to a


working environment where no one gets hurt and nothing gets harmed.
AL

CE
HE

CA
MERON

© 2015 Cameron | PUREMEG is a registered trademark of Cameron. CAMSERV is a trademark of Cameron. | AD01056P