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Automation Studio is a unique circuit design, simulation, and project documentation software
package that meets the needs of engineers, technicians and instructors for automation,
electrical controls, and fluid power applications.


A New Generation of Tools for the Automation and Fluid Power Industries
Automation Studio is an innovative schematic capture, simulation and project documentation software
package for automation and fluid power systems design. Based on a proven concept that has gained
worldwide acceptance in the fields of engineering and training, Automation Studio is a modular package
that integrates all of the necessary features for elaborating systems, from small to large. It is intended to be
used by engineers and instructors in a wide variety of related fields. If you are involved in the design,
maintenance, and training of industrial or mobile applications, discover why Automation Studio will become
an indispensable part of your workflow and help your organization increase both quality and productivity.
A Wide Range of Fields of Activities
Automation Studio will play a useful role in both design
and training in the following array of interrelated fields
of activities:
• Industrial hydraulic systems
• Industrial pneumatic systems
• Mobile hydraulic systems
• Electrical controls systems
• PLC controls applications
• Automated controls applications
• Technical publications
• Service and troubleshooting

Engineering Design and Industrial Training 2
A Unique and Innovative Suite of Tools 3
Truly User-Friendly Software for Industrial 4
Training and Engineering
Extensive Hydraulic and Pneumatic Libraries 6
Dynamic and Realistic Simulation for 8
Engineering and Training
Engineering Proportional and Servo Hydraulics Library 10
Extends the Use of Automation Studio

Maintenance Simulation Fluid Power Component Sizing Module 12

Testing Electrical Controls Library 13
Sequential Function Chart Module 14
Project PLC Ladder Logic and Digital Libraries 16
Documentation Interface to PLCs with OPC Client Module 17
Training Implementation
Bill of Material and Report Module 18
Parts Catalog and Accessories 19
I/O Interface Kit for Training Systems 20
Technical Service and Innovative Customized Software Solutions 21
Publications Troubleshooting
A Worldwide Standard for Training 22
2 Testimonials 23
With more than 60,000 copies sold worldwide, Automation Studio has become the gold standard
in training software. Its powerful simulation capabilities and project documentation features
make it the solution of choice for industrial design and maintenance applications.


An Open and Evolving Concept This modular design makes Automation Studio a cost effective and easily
deployable solution. Its short learning process increases the synergy between
The objective of Automation Studio is to make available a common development
fields of expertise that most often interact with each other.
and project documentation environment with intuitive editing and reporting capa-
bilities. This helps shorten the learning curve and the deployment of the
software. The Automation Studio environment then provides tools to the Simulation Specific to Each Technology
different fields of application and is complemented by the following optional
libraries and modules: Each library and module is supported by dedicated and powerful simulation
models that allow users to see the evolution of a system and provide an
• Pneumatics • OPC Client outstanding training and troubleshooting platform.
• Hydraulics • Digital Electronics
• Proportional Hydraulics • Sequential Function Chart (SFC)
• Fluid Power Component Sizing • Hardware Interface
• Electrical Controls • PLC Ladder Logic
• Bill of Material and Parts Catalog • PLC Code Export Filter
• Man Machine Interface & Control Panel
Hydraulics Fluid Power Component Sizing

Languages Electrical Controls AUTOMA Proportional Hydraulics
French TUD N

Circuit Design


Grafcet (SFC DIN and IEC)


Spanish Export DXF, EMF Import Grafcet (SFC)

Italian and other formats Simulation Export to Siemens S7 Code

Project Engines
Portuguese Documentation Generic IEC 1131 Code Generator




Ladder Logic for


Arabic Allen-BradleyTM AUTOMA
SiemensTM I/O Interface Kit
IEC 1131 Communication to PLCs (SPS)
and External Devices
Man Machine Interface Digital Electronics
& Control Panel Bill of Material
and Parts Catalog Link

A Suite of Tools that Evolves with your Needs An Open Solution we Can Adapt to Specific Needs
Famic Technologies's software specialists understand the needs of our users and Automation Studio is not just a "what you see is what you get" type of
continuously develop and refine the solutions that allow them to improve their application. As opposed to other engineering solution providers, Famic
productivity and innovation. Visit our website at Technologies’s development team is geared towards customizing Automation
regularly as new libraries, options, and modules become available. Studio to a customer’s specific workflow or process. Should your organization
require additional features or modifications to increase the benefits of using
Automation Studio, we welcome your demands and can tailor a solution in a
timely and cost-effective manner.

Automation Studio is a completely integrated package that allows users to design, document,
simulate, and animate circuits consisting of various technologies including pneumatics,
hydraulics, proportional hydraulics, PLCs, sequential function charts (SFC), electrical controls,
and many more.


Troubleshooting with Simulation
With intrinsic simulation features like pace control, component
color-coding and animation, designers can monitor the actual circuit
operation and find faults that may occur. This helps functionally
validate designs, a capability that no other CAD system can even

Thousands of Symbols in Modular Libraries

Automation Studio's libraries incorporate internationally recognized
graphics standards, including ISO, DIN, IEC, and JIC standards.
Each library displays component categories in a comprehensive
manner. Simply browse through the list, select then drag and drop
the component onto the schematic.

Make your Own Symbols, Components,

Templates, and Libraries
By using the standard components, the flexible drawing tools, and
the grouping function, you can create and customize your own
libraries and templates. For training, instructors can create libraries
that are specific to their application, thereby limiting the number of
components only to what is needed.
The Ideal Standalone Package for Easy and
Integrated Circuit Design Present Designs that Work
Most CAD systems are expensive, difficult to learn and use, and are designed to Automation Studio is perfect for preparing designs and quotes. Projects can be
support functions that are not adapted to schematic layout. Furthermore, most presented to customers dynamically through simulation, proving concepts and
existing solutions rely on "add-on" software that is used in conjunction limiting risks during implementation and start-up.
with other systems. Automation Studio is intuitive and is the affordable
application-oriented tool for integrators, OEMs, engineers, and instructors. All the Professional Printouts
expected features of a schematic design package are available in a user-friendly The software allows printing to standard engineering sizes including ANSI A-E
approach, shortening the learning curve and increasing productivity. With and ISO A4-A0. Users can define title block contents, borders, map locators, bills
Automation Studio, there is no need for additional editing software. It provides of materials, and schematic scaling factors.
component libraries, drawing tools, basic shapes and elements that allow you to
create special symbols of any complexity and to customize diagrams and project
templates. Automation Studio can be equally useful for sales people as well as
for engineers.

Dynamic and Realistic Simulation in Full Color

Automation Studio includes simulation capabilities that meet the requirements of
all the supported technologies. During simulation, components become animated
and lines are color-coded according to their states. Users can also precisely
monitor variable values, pressures, flows, and displacement values at any point
in a circuit simply by inserting measuring instruments or using the plotting
functions. The simulation pace can also be adjusted with functions such as
Normal, Step by Step, Slow Motion, and Pause.

Automation Studio is easy to use, economical, and adapts to your workflow. Its user interface
makes it easy to deploy and truly helps engineers and instructors implement solutions that
support the entire life cycle of any project.


BOM, Parts Catalog and Database Link Features and Benefits
This feature makes it possible for you to generate project documentation. Users • Intuitive and user friendly interface
can assign specific catalog data to each component, enter part numbers, prices,
• Short learning curve
descriptions, and all the technical data quickly and easily. They can
also customize and create reports. Furthermore, users can print or export • Multiple scrolling using mouse-key combinations and the panning function
information to another application such as a spreadsheet, a word processor, or • Rubberbanding in order to keep pressure lines connected to
an inventory system. components as they are moved
• Technology specific editing features depending on the library in use
• Copies and Pastes to other windows applications
Multi-Document Projects • Customizable symbols and libraries
Automation Studio allows the creation of multi-document projects. This is • Automatic and configurable line jumping display
helpful when separating diagrams by functions and categories. During simulation, • Saves cost in troubleshooting open and closed loop systems
all diagrams interact with each other. Users can also include other types of
documents such as Word, Excel, or any Windows-based application. This is • Supports project history
useful when adding notes and instructions to a project. • Supports both Imperial and Metric unit systems
• Multi-layer capabilities
• Configurable fills, line styles, colors for all elements
Communication to Controllers and Equipment via • Configurable grid snapping options
OPC and CANBUS • Configurable page setup for each document
To connect Automation Studio to the outside world, users can choose one of two • Variable plotting functions
options: the I/O Interface kit or the OPC Client module. The Automation Studio • Customizable diagram templates
I/O Interface kit is a hardware solution that allows the user to connect 8 inputs • Merges other Windows application documents to a project
and 8 outputs directly into a PLC I/O or to real equipment such as relays, • Imports images to complement circuits
contacts, valves, sensors, etc. The OPC Client is a standard software interface
that allows Automation Studio to exchange data with any device for which an • Global symbol attribute editing
OPC server software is supplied by its manufacturer. OPC turns Automation • Exports to DXF format
Studio into a versatile I/O simulator or a Soft-PLC. For mobile applications, the • Auto device ID assignment
use of an OPC - CANbus server can allow an interface between controllers and • Text and parts list can be inserted onto drawing page
Automaiton Studio. • Helps design engineers present projects that conform to ISO-1219-2
recommendations to document fluid power projects
• Simulation that can be activated for selected documents or for
Customize your Libraries for Increased Productivity entire projects
By customizing your symbols and libraries, you can recreate your company's • Can be installed on a network
engineering standards and make them available to everyone in your organization. • A cost-effective solution; reduces the need to purchase expensive
This allows designers and engineers to quickly implement projects that meet your equipment
corporate specifications.
• Allows experimentation with virtual equipment that may not otherwise
be purchased or manipulated (i.e. large cylinders, large loads, complete
• Accurate simulation reinforces learned principles
+ = • Simplifies teaching with the help of demonstrations
• Simulation stimulates learning
• Customizable libraries for each lab exercise
• Increases knowledge retention
• Makes testing and learning safer by using a virtual factory instead of
operating real equipment
• Enables instructors to teach more course content by saving time with
• Capacity to quickly build, load, modify, and manipulate circuit examples
• Capacity to show relationships between moving components and
automated systems
• Safe and efficient way to experiment and to learn which complements
hands-on hardware curriculums

If you are involved in the engineering, training, sales, or maintenance of fluid power systems,
Automation Studio is the solution of choice for all your applications.

Configurable Information Display
You can choose the attributes to be displayed for each component
or group of components with a few keystrokes. This is very helpful
to quickly display the required information for a diagram.

Automatically Create ISO 1219-2 Compliant

The Tool of Choice for all your Applications Automation Studio automatically assigns internal identifiers that
conform to the ISO 1219-2 standard. The ID will automatically state the
Automation Studio was originally designed for the Fluid Power industry in 1986 installation number, circuit number, component code and unique identifier. The
when PneuSim and HydrauSim were developed. Since then, all the requirements identifiers can be renamed in any way you choose.
of users and new simulation technologies have been implemented in order to
fulfill the needs of pneumatic and hydraulic engineering.
Automation Studio is the only solution that implements such functions as
Component Properties and Catalog Information
schematic design, simulation, and project documentation in a manner that makes For all components, users can assign real physical values such as diameters,
it the most useful software suite for system integrators, OEMs, instructors, and lengths, etc. To complement a design, users can also enter catalog descriptions,
industry professionals to conceptualize, design, and supply training on Fluid Power attributes, and accessories belonging to a specific component. This is very
systems and components. helpful when generating a complete project’s bill of materials.

Thousands of Symbols in a Comprehensive Library

The Pneumatic and Hydraulic libraries include
thousands of ISO 1219-1 compliant symbols
that will satisfy the requirements of most
applications. All components are available in a
structure that fluid power specialists are used
to working with.

Automation Studio brings an entirely new dimension to project development that no other
solution can match. It includes unique and integrated tools specifically designed for hydraulic and
pneumatic component sizing and circuit design.


Unit Systems
Automation Studio includes Metric and Imperial unit systems. Although the
global unit system is determined during the installation, it can later be changed
for each component individually or in a multiple selection. When the unit system
is changed, the values are automatically converted to the new selected unit. This
represents a great advantage for international companies exchanging
projects with other branches in different countries since information can be
quickly converted and displayed.

Make your Own Libraries and Part Catalogs

With its standard components, builders, and drawing tools, Automation Studio
makes it easy to create symbols not found in the supplied library and to link them
to an external parts catalog.

Valve and Cylinder Builders

Automation Studio allows you to design your own valve and cylinder
configurations to obtain components that are graphically consistent with the
standards, and that will display the appropriate behavior during simulation.

Features and Benefits

• Thousands of pneumatic and hydraulic symbols in comprehensive libraries
• All basic symbols are compliant to the ISO 1219-1 standard
• Rubberbanding keeps pressure lines connected to components as they
are moved
• Sizing of lines can be determined
• Linkable to an external parts catalog
• Configurable simulation animation colors and variable values display
• Configurable editing display levels to show comments, statements,
syntax checking, etc
• Jump-to labels to transfer pressure and pilot lines from one diagram to another
• Verify connection option for easy troubleshooting
• Configurable unit systems (Metric or Imperial)
• Automatic conversion of units (Metric or Imperial)
• On-line help on all components for quick understanding of behavior
and connection
• Components can be freely rotated, flipped, mirrored, enlarged, and formatted
(colors, fills, thicknesses, etc.)
• Exports diagrams into DXF format
• Connect lines directly from components ports
• Automatic connection of components when dropped on pressure lines
• Automatic generation of IEC 1219-2 Component ID for rapid documentation
• Helps present projects that conform to ISO-1219-2 recommendations of
documenting fluid power projects
• Generates complete Bill of Materials and quotations when using the Bill of
Material Report and Parts Catalog

The dynamic models used in Automation Studio make it a unique environment that allows you to
quickly and functionally validate designs. The specialized simulators will make remarkable
presentations for engineering, sales, and training.


Simple Simulation Setup and
Automation Studio's pneumatic and hydraulic systems'
simulation features were designed for ease of use and
quick setup.
With Automation Studio, users do not need specific
training or to spend time developing models. The models
are included for all supplied components and users only
need to determine a limited number of parameters. This
makes the software useful for a broader range of users
and eliminates the need for advanced training and

Quick Simulation
After a circuit is completed, you can simply click on the
simulation start button to animate your circuit.

Simulation Parameter Setup

The default simulation parameters supplied with the
hydraulic and pneumatic components eliminate the need
to perform an initial setup. Just lay out the components
and start the simulation. For most components, users can
modify simulation parameters such as applied loads,
dimensions, and angles, as well as advanced parameters including internal Dynamic Parameter Tuning
leakage, friction, etc. Calculated variables such as area and volume are
automatically displayed. To illustrate more complex concepts, users can modify Lines and piping can be sized in length and diameter to reflect the effect of
the simulation parameters and show different behavior including dynamic friction and pressure drops in the system. Adjustable flow control and regulator
friction, static force, etc. Wherever applicable, characteristic curves can be values can be modified during simulation.
entered to obtain a more realistic behavior of the system using numerical

The hydraulic and pneumatic simulator is based on sound and reliable modeling techniques such
as Bernoulli’s law and gradient method. During simulation, and at any point in a circuit, users can
monitor pressures, flows, displacements, etc.


Plotting Simulated Parameters A Unique Environment for Engineering Testing and
With a simple drag and drop operation, you can setup a plot of simulated Systems Training and Maintenance
parameters and variables for any component. The Plotter's appearance can Automation Studio is currently an unsurpassed tool for making and simulating
be modified to display thicker lines, reassign colors, and re-scale the plotted schematics of fluid power systems. No other software fulfills the needs of
parameters in any unit. engineers like Automation Studio.
Furthermore, the results can be transferred to a text file and used in any The simulation of Automation Studio helps engineers perform many important
spreadsheet or database compatible application. functions in the life cycle of a machine: design, test, and train. No other tool
currently offers all those features in one package.


Automation Studio

Engineering Training
& Maintenance

Cross Section Animations

Automation Studio includes animated cross sections that illustrate the internal
functioning of components for a wide range of devices. These animations are
synchronized with the circuit simulation.
Features and Benefits
• Dynamic and realistic simulation of flows and pressures
• Quick simulation setup: no need for advanced training to implement
• No need for implementation of models
• Full color simulation and animation
• Adjustable simulation pace
• Can simulate entire projects or a selection of diagrams
• Configurable simulation color codes and display options
• Configurable plotter scales, time base, and appearance
• Can manually force valve positions during simulation and yield control back
to automatic functions
• Shows flow direction in lines during simulation
• Adjustable dimensions and simulation characteristics for accumulators,
pumps, cylinders, flow controls, pressure regulators, cartridge valves, etc.
• Dynamic adjustment of flow controls, regulators, etc.
• Interfaces with and simulates all of Automation Studio's libraries and
The Proportional Hydraulics Library completes the Automation Studio basic hydraulics library,
providing all that is needed to implement open and closed loop systems.


This library provides a very wide array of
commonly used components in the field
of mobile and industrial hydraulics to
perform control of position, force and
velocity. The library comes with ISO
compliant symbols and includes simulation
models for servo and servo proportional
valves, variable displacements pumps,
proportional pressure regulators and flow
To complete system design and allow
flexibility in control and interaction, the
library provides a PID controller, measuring
devices as well as set point generators.
The Proportional Hydraulic Library makes
Automation Studio the most unique,
Configure Actuator Load and Force Profiles
innovative and indispensable tool for any All forces and loads applied to cylinders and motors can be determined as a
hydraulic systems designer in all applicable function of the position. Users can therefore enter loading scenarios in
fields. accordance to the use and geometry of an equipment which will reflect real
behavior during simulation. To add more flexibility, loads can be applied by
Flexible PID Control variables at any time. The emulation of complex mechanical systems and
unforeseen events becomes easily accessible without creating a burden on the
The Proportional Hydraulic Library includes a PID controller that can be preset in designer.
any required fashion with configurable gain values. Furthermore, a transfer
function equation can be easily implemented using the provided user friendly
keypad editor.

Load Sensing Applications

Pressure feedback can be tapped anywhere in a circuit and used for control
applications. Along with configurable loading of actuators, this feature can now
10 be fully exploited to show real systems in action.
This library makes Automation Studio a truly advanced engineering tool for just about any
application in hydraulics systems design including: mobile, mining, agriculture, industrial,
aerospace, naval, etc.


Extended Valve Configuration Features Ideal for Open and Closed Loop systems
The list of parameters that can be determined for proportional valves is All control loops can use signals coming from the provided sensors or from
extensive, comprehensive, and requires minimal user intervention, making external controllers provided by an OPC server or an OPC compatible CANBus
Automation Studio more user friendly when dealing with complex systems. server (See OPC library for details). The signals are all configured by variables and
By opening the valve properties dialog box, users can determine the flow offer full flexibility to the designer.
characteristics for each spool position. Also, using the curve editor, they can Values measured by sensors can be used in any of the Automation Studio
easily set the spool position vs. signal control libraries such as Electrical Controls, Grafcet and PLC Ladder Logic. The
function as well as the profile of the flow conversion and scaling of signals are also fully user configurable.

Furthermore input signals can be scaled to

Steering Systems Library
fit a specific component requirement. To complete the design of most mobile applications, the library includes all the
building blocks to create steering units. These can be controlled by the provided
Proportional valves can be set point generating devices.
controlled electrically and/or
hydraulically to suit mobile
and industrial applications

Control Panel Devices and Connection to External

The library includes joyticks and steering wheels to let users modify set point
values during simulation. The users can define the scale and amplitude of the set
point values. It is also possible to interface a real external joystick for a more
realistic interaction during simulation.
To insure complete flexibility, a set point value generator is also provided to force
input values during a simulation scenario.

Features and Benefits

• Saves time and money in systems design and prototyping
• Includes an extensive number of ISO compliant components including valves,
pumps, pressure regulators, flow controls, and sensing devices
• Fits for any open or closed loop applications
• Includes a fully configurable PID controller
• Includes a signal generator to create control scenarios
• Easily configurable signal amplitude, limits and thresholds
• Can be interfaced with joysticks, steering wheels, and other external devices
• Allows easy setting of valve flow characteristics (Cv)
• Supports load sensing applications
• Allows the implementation of more complex control algorithms using the
SFC Gracet control library
• Integrates and simulates with all other Automation Studio libraries
• Ideal to perform customer training on complex systems
• An excellent tool for application in: mobile, mining, agriculture, industrial,
aerospace, naval, lifting and just about any application in hydraulics
The fluid power component sizing module provides valuable computer aided engineering
capabilities, particularly when designing systems. The user can have quick access to the
applicable equations and parameter definitions. This reduces time spent on searching in data
books or deriving equations.


Automation Studio’s component sizing module offers Quick Access to Equations and Definitions
a quick and user friendly access to pneumatic and At any time, the user can have quick access to the applicable equations and
parameters definitions. Hence Automation Studio becomes an online reference,
hydraulic component parameter calculations. saving time in researching from data books or deriving equations.
Calculation sheets are provided for cylinders, pumps, The unit systems can be defined, and results shown in any unit system the user
wishes, making conversion quick and easy, especially when entering component
flow controls, tubing and piping, motors, accumulators, data retrieved from various catalogs.
fittings, compressors, valves and relief valves.
A Multidirectional Approach
As opposed to traditional means of solving equations where users have to select
an entry point, Automation Studio’s calculation worksheets allow parameter
modification from any point. There is no need to proceed in a predetermined step
by step approach. This in itself is consistent with Automation Studio’s care in
innovation and increased productivity.

From Component to System with Simulation

After quickly sizing each component, it becomes easy to establish the overall
requirements of a system by running a simulation and establishing operation
sequences. This turns Automation Studio into a valuable tool for quickly designing
workable circuits. For example, one can rapidly determine the air consumption in
a pneumatic circuit and optimize the installation costs.
When users modify or recalculate parameters, variables modified by the
calculation process appear in a different color, making it easy to locate affected
parameters. In turn, the new parameters can be validated and applied to the
component’s simulation parameters. Features and Benefits
• Increases productivity
Printing a Data Sheet • Allows rapid pneumatic and hydraulic system prototyping
Once a component has been sized, • Easy access to formulas, equations, definitions and help
users can click on the print button to • Saves time and money in sizing components, and sizing results can be
print the complete datasheet. It then validated by simulation
becomes easy to search for a matching
• Multi directional calculation
device from a manufacturer’s catalog.
• Quick viewing of equations and definitions
• Quick unit system interchange between metric and imperial
• Printing and saving of calculated results for ease of communication
• Instant results for parameter variation
Automation Studio features a complete electrical controls library that allows the implementation
and testing of virtually any application.


A Large Electrical Symbol Library
The Electrical Controls Library includes all the components required to build
schematics of any complexity. It comes complete with switches, relays,
solenoids, counters, push buttons, and much more.

JIC and IEC Symbol Standards

The library comes with all the symbols that adhere to JIC and IEC standards.
This feature makes Automation Studio a unique solution for international

Quick Project Implementation

With all the editing functions of Automation Studio, building projects for
electrical control becomes fast and very easy. Since Automation Studio is a
standalone application, its deployment is made even simpler.

Simulation of Electrical Systems

Automation Studio is a unique software solution that provides both the CAD
functionality required to build electrical systems, and the possibility of testing
circuits using the simulation feature. This opens the doors to the use in many
new applications that traditional methods do not provide, such as system
troubleshooting and training.

A Seamless Simulation with all the Other Libraries

All the components of the Electrical Control library interact with their matching
component families in other libraries. Therefore, building complete interactive
systems becomes quick and easy. Furthermore, by using the OPC module, it is
possible to test a PLC program as you can connect it to the simulated electrical
system for testing purposes.

Features and Benefits

• Fast schematic design
• Does not require additional CAD software
• Large electrical symbol library that includes hundreds of symbols
• Comes with JIC and IEC standards symbols
• Allows custom symbol and library creation
• Allows to assign symbol properties
• Connects to the OPC module for PLC testing
• Allows the simulation of all electrical controls to validate designs
• Interfaces with and simulates all of Automation Studio's libraries and modules

With the Sequential Function Chart (SFC) Module, Automation Studio becomes a complete
automation project specification environment. It is the tool of choice for the implementation of
SFC control structures according to the IEC 61131-3 international standard for programmable
controllers programming languages.


A Structured Approach and a Powerful Tool
Although the interface is simple, there is more depth to this module than meets
the eye. During the creation of SFCs, you can access all the internal
status variables and SFC control elements to implement fault management. SFCs
can also be “Forced” or “Frozen” during the simulation. Sequence and step
execution intervals can also be defined to increase fault management.
A higher hierarchy level can be exploited by defining macro steps from which
entire control structures can be used.

Make Reusable Control Structure Templates

With Automation Studio, you can create SFCs and save them as templates. This
helps generate libraries of reusable logic structures that are often found in
projects, and it also helps implement more rigorous rules in managing large projects.

The Benefits of Simulation

Design Automation Controls Faster The SFC Simulation mode allows users to easily troubleshoot simple and
complex projects. With the ability to simultaneously simulate with other libraries
Sequential Function Chart (SFC) is rapidly becoming the method of choice to and modules of Automation Studio, I/Os can be directly simulated to test
design structured automation controls. With this module, Automation Studio the control logic.
brings a new dimension to building projects easily and efficiently. SFC helps to
design sequences of operation quickly and to validate a project prior to Automation Studio becomes an indispensable tool to secure commissioning of
implementation. It complements project documentation by helping engineers, systems, assist in training personnel on operations, and improve the overall
customers, and maintenance personnel in understanding equipment operations. quality of projects.
It’s worth noting that ISO1219-2 recommends the use of SFC for project
documentation. SFC also helps implementing air logic or electrical controls by Application Monitoring and Supervision
following simple and structured procedures.
By using the Automation Studio's OPC Client module, SFCs can be directly
animated by the PLCs that are operating, thereby allowing an accurate level
A Specialized Editor of supervision of applications and better troubleshooting whenever problems
The SFC module of Automation Studio is more than a symbol library. It includes do occur.
special editing functions and features especially adapted to create Sequential
Function Charts. Combined with the schematic capture features, this
provides a user-friendly and efficient environment and helps users gain in
productivity. When a user selects an SFC document, a specialized tool bar
is accessible to quickly create SFC structures.

Grafcet Code Export Module

Automation Studio can import Grafcet code either in XML format or
generated by the CadepaTM software. This module allows users to export
Automation Studio Grafcet into:
1) Siemens S7 PLC format that can inturn be imported directly into
the Siemens programming software;
2) XML format that can be read by a device specific compiler and
further create virtually any type of machine code.

Process Control Monitoring

Using the Grafcet library and the OPC server allows users to monitor their
processes by animating the flowcharts steps, transitions and variables.

Whether you program PLCs, manage large projects or commission installations, Automation
Studio’s SFC module will help you in the entire workflow.


Commands that are Easy Syntax Checking During Editing
to Learn When editing your command statements, Automation
With Automation Studio, you don't need to Studio automatically assigns a color code to each word,
know SFC syntax. Each time you insert an allowing you to quickly locate possible syntax errors.
action or a transition, a configuration
window appears showing the various Add Comments to Enhance
commands alongside each description and Documentation
definition. On-line help is always available
for all commands. Comments can be assigned to every SFC element
of your automation project, including steps,
transitions, actions, and statements.

Automation Studio Guides you

Variable Tag Name Listing Automation Studio guides you when creating SFC
elements and writing statements, which eases
While entering commands, you have
the process of making correct syntax.
immediate access to all of the defined
variable tag names. A simple click of
the mouse can add a variable to a Quick Operator and Command
statement. Should you need to create a Keypad
new variable, you can have direct To simplify the process of entering command
access to Automation Studio’s Variable statements, you can quickly choose the desired
Manager to define new variables command and click to add it to the statement.
and specify their data types and scope
of use (local, internal, or global for the

A Completely Configurable Environment Features and Benefits

In line with the philosophy governing the other options of Automation Studio, • Integrates automatic color-coded statement syntax checking
the SFC’s editing and simulation environment can be completely configured
• Integrates a Guided Mode editing for steps, transitions, and statement list
to your preferences.
• Configurable simulation animation colors and variable values display
• Active step scrolling monitoring during simulation
• Configurable editing display levels to show comments, statements, syntax
checking, etc.
• Automatic replacement of links by labels
• Configurable watchdog timing
• Quick layout of SFCs using alternate step/transition dropping tool
• Allows you to save SFCs as templates (tasks) that can be re-used
• Gives access to all SFC internal status variables such as sequence time
supervision, initialization, standard fault variables, etc.
• Allows "forcing" and "freezing" of SFCs
• Automatic creation of AND / OR convergences and divergences
• Automatic SFC structure checking
• Allows the definition and use of macro steps
The SFC Module, a Logical Addition to your • Integrates the complete IEC-61131-3 instruction set for Sequential Function Chart
Automation Studio Library • Integrates complete fault management and multi level security features
• Allows the manual forcing of elements during simulation
Based on the established IEC-61131-3 and DIN-40719 standards for industrial
controls, the Sequential Function Chart library integrates perfectly with the
pneumatic, hydraulic, and other libraries. Often referred to as Grafcet, SFC is the
ideal tool to clearly describe operating sequences often found in pneumatic and
hydraulic applications.
The PLC Ladder Logic and Digital Electronics libraries are perfect additions that complement
projects and increase the value of Automation Studio in both troubleshooting and training.


PLC Ladder Logic Library PLC Training Made Simple
The PLC Ladder Logic library includes all the basic Ladder Logic functions such as Automation Studio PLC libraries were originally designed with training in mind.
contacts, input/output, timers, counters, logic test, and mathematical. Using Users can build, simulate, and monitor a PLC Ladder Logic diagram without the
Automation Studio to learn basic or advanced PLC controls is extremely easy as need of the cumbersome manufacturer interface. This allows the trainee to focus
users do not have to learn complex PLC programming environments, which are on the logic and to learn principles instead of being slowed down by the tools.
not specifically designed for training. Combined with the other libraries, the
Ladder Logic library allows users to implement a complete virtual factory.

Multiple Vendors’ Symbology

The PLC libraries include options for Allen-Bradley, Siemens, and IEC61131-3
symbols. Users can therefore choose the required module.

Digital Electronics Library

The Digital Electronics Library comes complete with standard devices including
inverters, logic gates, flip-flops, counters, shift registers, comparators, switches,
LEDs, 7-bar display, decoders, multiplexers, etc. Everything needed to teach basic
to complex logic is available.

Features and Benefits

• Optional vendor symbols available
• Includes all PLC functions (Timers, Math, Trig, File, and Program Control)
• Simulates the PLC functions
• Allows the implementation of simple and complex logic
• Allows you to implement basic logic controls
• Interfaces with and simulates all of Automation Studio's libraries and modules
Automation Studio’s OPC Client module (OLE for process control) allows to exchange data with
PLCs. This transforms Automation Studio into an integrated I/O simulator and a controls
monitoring tool for a wide variety of small or large applications.


Complete Connectivity to PLCs and Other OPC About OPC
Compatible Devices OPC (Object linking and embedding for Process Control) is an industry standard
With Automation Studio's OPC module, users can exchange data with any PLC created with the collaboration of a number of leading worldwide automation and
or other control devices for which a manufacturer supplies an OPC server hardware software suppliers working in cooperation with Microsoft. The
software. After installing the OPC server for the device of your choice, simply organization that manages this standard is called the OPC Foundation.
map the addresses and turn Automation Studio into a versatile I/O simulator or The Foundation has over 270 members from around the world, including nearly
a Soft-PLC. all of the world's major providers of control systems, instrumentation, and
process control systems. For more information on OPC, please consult


Server Programmable
STUDIO Logic Controller

O P C Client

*OPC Server and PLC are not included with Automation Studio

Features and Benefits

• Low cost, flexible, and powerful option
• Allows connectivity to any PLC for which an OPC Server software exists
including: Allen-BradleyTM, SiemensTM, SchneiderTM, OmronTM, MitsubishiTM,
GE FanucTM, and many more
• Allows connectivity to I/O devices to use Automation Studio as a Soft-PLC
• Allows the exchange of data variables of any type
Industry Standard Interface to Simplify • Allows the exchange of a virtually limitless number of variables
Connectivity with Multiple Vendors’ PLCs • Turns Automation Studio into a virtual factory for I/O simulation
This module provides a connection between the industry standard OPC interface • Allows troubleshooting of PLC programs
applications and Automation Studio. The OPC Client module allows any • Turns Automation Studio into a unique training platform for process and
OPC compliant server software to interface easily with Automation Studio and control operators
exchange data. • Permits the monitoring of control applications developed with the Sequential
Function Chart module
• Interfaces with and simulates all of Automation Studio's libraries and modules

This feature makes it possible to generate complete project documentation. You can assign
specific catalog data directly to each component. Enter your part numbers, prices, descriptions,
and any technical and commercial data quickly and easily.


An Indispensable Tool for Design and Sales Filtering Project Report Information
Engineering You can select which component will appear in the report or BOM by
The Bill of Material and Report module is an indispensable feature for all design configuring filters on each component and/or entire component categories. For
and sales engineers who wish to document their projects with catalog example, you can create a report on pneumatic cylinders only or on pneumatic
information. Users can quickly assign data to all the components of a project in cylinders and valves. This is very handy for creating different types of reports.
order to generate bills of materials and requests for quotes or budgetary
estimates. Configure BOM and Report Table Format and Save
This feature also makes it possible to add more documentation to pneumatic, as Templates
hydraulic, and electrical projects. You can now assign specific catalog data
to each component. Enter your part numbers, prices, description, and all the When configuring a BOM or a report, you can customize the table format and
technical data you wish to have quickly and easily. organize field headers according to your project requirements. Save your Reports
as Templates for later use in any new or old project.
You can customize and create reports, and print or export information to
another application such as a spreadsheet, a word processor, or an inventory

Assigning Catalog Information

Make your Own Parts Catalogs and Database Link

ODBC Database

Circuit with Parts List & Title Block

Configure BOM and Generate

Report Table Format your Report

Automation Studio allows users to define their own catalogs and search for their part numbers.
This represents a great increase in productivity for your organization.


Printing BOM and Reports Features and Benefits
All reports and BOM can be printed with configurable headers and footers to your • Fully customizable report and project templates
• Includes predefined fields for common information on components such as
part numbers, prices, discounts, descriptions, manufacturers, etc.
Make your Own Catalogs and Parts Database Link • Copies and pastes to your preferred spreadsheet, word processor, etc.
The BOM module interfaces with a database structure that can be configured by • Supplied with preconfigured report templates for quick BOM and purchase
users to increase development productibility. You can therefore create your own order generation
catalogs that will link to Automation Studio's or custom libraries. • Report tables are updated automatically while you edit your diagram
• Allows the easy addition and modification of user-defined fields globally or
Predefined Fields only to a component category
• Fully customizable parts catalog
In addition to the standard simulation parameters, standard fields have been
added that allow you to enter information such as part number, manufacturer • Lets you design, modify, and save your own report templates for later use
name, item identifier, price, discount, etc. • Allows quick project documentation creation
• Helps sales engineers, project designers, and fluid power specialists
efficiently prepare professional proposals and quotations
Configure User-Defined Fields • Integrates calculations based on quantities, discounts, taxes, and other fees
Provisions are made to allow you to create user-defined fields to enter any type • Saves time and money in circuit design and report preparation
of data and assign it to components. • Helps summarize reports on identical field contents to obtain item quantities

Export your Projects

All data contained in the Report table can be copied and pasted to any other
Windows applications. Users can use project data and make other calculations,
add other types of data and use documentation templates from other systems.

Customized Catalogs and Configurators

To enable your organization to fully benefit from the catalog linking capabilities
of Automation Studio, Famic Technologies offers a service for implementing
customized symbols and libraries as well as catalogs. Contact us for more
information or to obtain a proposal for customization.

Print Report from Automation Studio

Generated Report
Save Report as Template

Customize the Results

Paste Report into

Spreadsheet Software

Connect Automation Studio directly to external devices such as PLCs, pneumatic, hydraulic, and
electrical training panels. The I/O interface kit is a perfect addition for smaller training
applications and increases the value added to any training system.



1 CONTROL your hardware

External Devices
2 CHECK your PLC program

I/O Interface Kit
Automation Studio as a PLC Trainer
By using libraries such as Electrical Controls, Sequential Function Chart, or PLC Ladder Logic, Automation Studio becomes the tool of choice for teaching automated
control concepts prior to using a real PLC.
In this way, users benefit from the user friendliness of the software and can concentrate on the automation controls design. By using the I/O Interface Kit, users can
immediately connect Automation Studio to external devices found in training labs. Automation Studio can then be used as a substitute PLC to control the equipment.

Control Input / Output Automation Studio as an Input/Output

Simulator for Real PLC Training
AUTOMATION STUDIO The I/O Interface Kit connects a PLC directly to Automation
Studio. Automation Studio then becomes an Input/Output

simulator and enables users to create PLC programs

controlling entirely simulated systems.


Pneumatic or Hydraulic
Trainer or any Other

Features and Benefits
• Provides 8 digital inputs and 8 digital outputs
• You can stack more than one kit to increase the
number of possible I/Os
• Connects directly to 24 VDC devices
Input/Output • Supports ISA and PCI slots
Interface • Can be connected to USB ports
Box • Makes an excellent addition for training purposes
• Turns Automation Studio into an I/O simulator or a
Soft PLC
Programmable Logic
• Quick installation using banana plugs
• Connects to virtually any training equipment
• Interfaces with and simulates all of Automation
Studio's libraries and modules
Automation Studio is an open system that can be adapted to customer requirements. For special
features, Famic Technologies’ team of experts will make the modifications and additions required
to better benefit your organization.


Famic Technologies’s Mission Software Project Development Steps
Our mission is to develop, integrate, and market software solutions that will We manage projects in a way to insure customer satisfaction. This is why we
fulfill the needs of the automation and fluid power industries, particularly with proceed initially with complete requirements specifications documents that state
regards to operations, management, and training. Furthermore, we want to all requested features and needs.
provide our customers with comprehensive services and solutions for the Once the specifications are validated, the development and implementation can
engineering, marketing, and sale of engineered products to accelerate their be performed with minimal customer intervention. This represents great savings
time-to-market, and enhance their ability to reach and satisfy their customers. for customers since we have all the in-house expertise to manage projects with
The key in achieving our mission is to establish Automation Studio as the a low level of supervision.
number 1 software package for design and training in industrial technologies.
Customer requirements definition Customer and Famic meet

Automation Studio Customization

Software requirement specifications Customer proof-reading
Famic Technologies’ software designers, automation specialists, and fluid power Final approval of software requirements specifications
engineers provide professional services in software design and development as
well as industrial automation. We have offered these services both locally and Design and development
Testing & Development &
Certification Implementation
internationally to a diverse clientele since 1986.
Software certification specifications
Our people, who have applied their broad knowledge of software engineering to
a variety of industrial fields of activities, have the ability to understand end users’ Software documentation
needs and provide the right solution. We are therefore called upon to play a key Incremental testing
role in the development of our clients’ strategic processes, leading to the Release of Beta versions
improvement of productivity and a higher return on investment. Our experience
allows us to foresee potential difficulties that may be associated with a project Customer testing
and to avoid them using a detailed and well organized plan that describes every
aspect of its development. Corrections
Customer testing
Expertise Directly Related to your Field of Activities Release of final versions
Over an above software and system design, our expertise covers many fields in Customer intervention
applied industrial engineering including: mechanical, electrical, and automation

Our Services
Software Development + Engineering + Automation Systems Famic Technologies is active primarily in the industrial
sector. We actively participate in the following types of
User-interface CAD system PLC programming projects:
Database design (Oracle, Pneumatic system SCADA systems
SQL Server, Access) • Automation Studio customization
Hydraulic system Man Machine Interface • Consulting services in Software Engineering
Multimedia applications Mathematical modeling (MMI) • Industrial automation
Object-oriented and Electrical controls • Modeling and development of CAD and simulation
Mechanical engineering software
Web-enabled applications Electrical systems
Electrical engineering • Electronic catalog and product configurators
Simulation and modeling On-site installation • Multimedia applications
Automation engineering
Real-time applications Process simulation • Computer-based training applications
Electronic document Predictive maintenance
User documentation
Software specifications
Software certification

Automation Studio was designed to respond to industrial and educational needs. We have provided more
than 60,000 licenses to thousands of high schools, vocational institutions, technical colleges,
universities, corporate training centers, and application developers around the world.


Training with Automation Studio
Automation Studio allows instructors to quickly draw circuits and perform demonstrations. By using schematics, help files, cut-away animations, and data monitoring, it
becomes an indispensable tool that helps to explain equipment and control operations from the component right up to the system level. Automation Studio makes it easy
to experiment with all types of systems, from basic to complex. As trainees advance, the simulation reinforces the understanding of the interaction between the various
electrical, automation, and fluid power technologies. Not only can they learn by observing the states of switches and components, but also by observing the color schemes
of symbols and using the variable plotting functions.

Seamless Synergy from Engineering to Training

While Automation Studio’s features are ideal for engineering, expanding the use of the package at the design stage makes it a tremendous time saver for elaborating
training material. Projects created at the engineering stage can readily be used for training purposes. Automation Studio will improve the workflow from engineering to
training at all levels.

Multiple Technology Training for a Wide Range of Equipment

If your goal is to create schematics for training on a specific type of equipment or system, Automation Studio gives you the possibility to integrate all of the various
technologies to create the complete system. Trainees will be better able to understand how Ladder Logic, PLC controls, motor controls, and digital electronics function
while they control the fluid power circuits. This is why Automation Studio has become the worldwide standard in education and training at all levels for fluid power and
automation technologies.

Automation Studio easily integrates with any course syllabus and completes your lectures, textbooks, lab notes, and maintenance manuals for all types of equipment and
systems. These include:

• Industrial hydraulic systems and equipment

• Industrial pneumatic systems and equipment
• Mobile hydraulic systems and equipment
• Electrical controls systems and equipment
Features and Benefits
• PLC controls applications
• Automated controls applications • User-friendly with a very short learning curve
•Cost-effective solution that reduces the need to implement expensive training equipment
• Allows experimentation with virtual equipment that may not otherwise be purchased or
Check our website at, as we
regularly make lab exercises, complementary courses, and other manipulated (i.e. large cylinders, large loads, a complete factory)
resources available to assist in the implementation of training • Accurate simulation helps demonstrate real operations based on specific equipment
material related to Automation Studio. parameters
• Simplifies the training process through animated and interactive visual display as it can be used
for demonstrations
• Simulation creates a more lively and interactive atmosphere
• Multiple technologies allow users to build integrated systems
• Customizable libraries to quickly modify and adapt specific components to circuits
• Increases knowledge retention
• Shortens the time spent on creating training material for demonstration when projects are
previously implemented by design engineers
• Creates a safer training environment in which you can experiment on larger and more hazardous
equipment operation
• Enables instructors to cover more material by accelerating trainees’ understanding of equipment operation
• Quickly build, load, modify, and manipulate circuit examples
• Show relationships between moving equipment, controls, and automated systems

In Automation Studio, our users find a user-friendly, yet uniquely rich and powerful environment.
Trusted by thousands of satisfied users, Automation Studio can also contribute to your success.

“My main use of Automation Studio is to give training on hydraulic controls for paper machine “I became acquainted with Automation Studio about 7 years ago when I was instructing at
equipment. I find that the use of animated components and dynamic colors helps the students Shelton State Community College in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. I needed something that I could use
truly understand the operation of each hydraulic circuit. in the classroom to draw basic circuits for the students. Since this program not only allowed
me to draw them, but to simulate them as well, it was the choice for the time. Since then, I
The new version 5 is a big step in making animations very close to the way things work in real have seen several others on the market, but none seem to have all the “bells and whistles” that
life. For me, this is the best tool available to demonstrate the physical properties of hydraulic this program has. One of our customers at SSCC saw a demonstration during a tour of our
controls.” facility, and liked the program so much that they purchased it for their plant and put all their
hydraulic systems on it. They installed it on the machine computers and use it for
Alderic Arseneau troubleshooting and for making design changes in their circuits.
Metso Paper Inc.
Quebec, Canada Here at AIDT, I am having it installed on student computers so that they can draw the
circuits that we build on our trainers. This allows them to try their circuits to see if they will
work before building them. We are also installing it in our Electro-Pneumatic lab where they
"Parker has been working with Famic for over seven years providing our training teach troubleshooting. We have had very good response from all who have used or viewed this
customers with an interactive fluid power tool. More recently we have taken advantage of the program.”
enhanced design capability of the new generation of Automation Studio. We look forward to
using the suite of Automation Studio products for training and design for many years to come." Will Hadden, Instructor
Alabama Industrial Development Training at Mercedes Benz Institute
John A. Miller, System Integration Manager Alabama, USA
Automation & Hydraulics Groups
Parker Hannifin Corporation
Ohio, USA “I have found that Automation Studio provides an excellent “bridge” from
theory to application. Students who use the software more readily develop the ability to build
real circuits and demonstrate the understanding of the theories behind the circuitry. It is a very
"I Have been using Automation Studio for nine years. It is the best simulator for training and effective teaching tool and I would highly recommend it for the technical instructor.”
design work.
David Hubbert, Program Chair
Having a full suite of industrial motion control simulation resources at my finger tips helps my Industrial Maintenance Technology, Texas State Technical College
clients see the big picture as well as the small details. I can’t think of any other program that Brownwood, USA
does this so well.

I have been training industrial maintenance personnel for over four years now on topics in “...Here at Warwickshire College, I had it installed on student computers in our “Applications
hydraulics, pneumatics and PLC’s. My trainees give Automation Studio top marks for helping Centre” so that they can draw the circuits that they build on our training rigs. This allows them
them understand their own factory systems." to try their circuits to see if they will work before building them. The simulated cut-away views
allow the student to see “inside”. This provides a positive feedback as well as reinforcement.
Carl Dyke, President Then as the student advances, Automation Studio simulation software reinforces the circuitry
Carl Dyke Industrial Consulting and interaction between the various electrical, pneumatics and hydraulic components. We find
Alberta, Canada Automation Studio an excellent teaching tool.”

Paul Todd
"This easy to use software allows very fast creating pneumatic and hydraulic schematics. Warkwickshire College, Leamington Spa Centre
Warwickshire, United Kingdom
The features “bill of material”, “userdefined reports” and the “interface to existing product
catalogs” make Automation Studio useful for industrial applications.
“Automation Studio has been taught and used for about four years now in BEP Automated
Other nice features like simulation, dimensioning, interface to PLC, ect. supports the user in the Mechanical System Maintenance; this tool allows us to create diagrams with simulation in
early project phase (layout of the schematic and testing). This makes sure, that the application order to prepare for the electrical wiring. The context sensitive help allows students to
functions, before the machine or the application is assembled." personally look for component behaviors and wiring methods!

Rainer Kemmler, Dipl. Ing., Marketing This process allows to verify if the right choices were made in the creation of pneumatic and
Bosch Rexroth AG. electropneumatic systems. The fact that this software allows us to create circuits with a min-
Stuttgart, Germany imum error rate is a plus for students.”

Jean Louis Poignant

"Our company designs and manufactures eletro pneumatic products. Lycée Bernard Palissy, France
We have been using Automation Studio for several years in order to train our new technical
employees. One of the main purposes of the training is to better understand the actual “Automation Studio is a good tool for designing circuits before the students build them in the
operation of pneumatic products and automation robots. Hence, Automation Studio helps our lab. The simulation capabilities will tell them if their circuit will work in the real world. It is also
employees increase their productivity and creativity. much faster than for example AutoCad since most symbols are already there.”

Since electric and pneumatic circuits can be easily created, our employees can test new designs Dr. Jan Brink
immediately using the simulation function in order to detect possible errors. Automation Studio Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Midwestern State University
helps both the instructors and the trainees to achieve an important objective: shorten the Texas, USA
learning curve.

We are thinking to introduce Automation Studio widely to all our customers and make them
benefit of its advantages not only for training but also for design."

Shinobu Takamatsu, Superintendent, Sales Promotion Dept.

KOGANEI Corporation
Tokyo, Japan
Web Demonstration and Training
You may quickly get a good understanding of Automation Studio by scheduling a free on-line
presentation with one of our technical representatives. With current Internet technology, you can
save time and have a complete personalized demonstration of Automation Studio in your home or
We also provide convenient training over the Web. Whether you need complete training on
Automation Studio, or wish to quickly increase your expertise on a particular topic, you can be in
contact with an Automation Studio specialist at any time and from anywhere in the world. Call us
or check our website for further details.

Annual Maintenance and Extended Support Plan

By signing up for our Annual Maintenance and Extended Support Plan, you are entitled to receive
an upgrade of your existing Automation Studio licenses. You will also benefit from our technical
assistance whenever required. For more information, call us or check our website.

Minimum Requirements
• IBM PC or compatible with a Pentium II 500 MHz
• 256 MB RAM
• Microsoft Windows NT, 2000, or XP
• Hard disk with at least 350 MB of free space
Network licenses are also available.

Optional Libraries and Modules

• Pneumatics
• Hydraulics
• Proportional Hydraulics
• Fluid Power Component Sizing
• Electrical Controls
• PLC Ladder Logic
• Digital Electronics
• OPC Client
• Bill of Material and Catalog Link
• Sequential Function Chart (Grafcet)
• Sequential Function Chart (Grafcet) Export to Siemens S7 PLC
• Man Machine Interface & Control Panel
• I/O Interface Kit (including card and relay box)

For more information, visit our website at

Distributed by:

Famic Technologies Inc.

9999, Cavendish Blvd., Suite 350
Saint-Laurent (Quebec) Canada H4M 2X5
 (514) 748-8050 • Fax: (514) 748-7169 All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Printed in Canada FT-PRE-80025