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AWS

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ATIONS
TIONS C
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CATALOG
ATTALOG
Summer 2012

AWS
WS D1.1/D1.1M:2010

D1.1, A2.4, and other selected standards


are now available in Spanish
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WeldOffice

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WeldOffice is a registered trademark of ASMEIX Corporation


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and to audiotapes, videotapes, and software, which are not
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printing a part of the document as the one allowable print attempt, we
AWS standards on flash drives
recommend you print the entire document. For your convenience, your AWS standards can be delivered on
• Copy & Paste Restrictions: The ability to copy and paste text from the a one-gigabyte USB flash drive. Just add $50 to the cost of any
PDF file has been disabled. standard or any assortment of standards that you order.

2
Buy or lease? Table of Contents
Two ways to own a library of AWS standards
Structural ............................................4-5
You can buy AWS technical publications one-at-a-time as you
need them, or save time and money by purchasing an annual Welding Handbooks............................6-7
license to download from the full AWS collection on demand. Safety and Health ............................8-10
AWS now offers Licensing Services, providing online access
to all of its technical publications, including all AWS codes Qualification....................................12-13
and standards from A1.1 to Z49.1. As a licensee, you may Training ................................................13
choose either the Full AWS Collection or one of several custom
packages that allow your firm to hand-pick the lastest AWS Certification..........................................14
documents as needed. Everyday Pocket Handbooks ..............15
The AWS Licensing Service allows you to search, view, save,
and print documents on demand. The online AWS collection Inspection ............................................16
is updated daily, so you will always have the most current Operations ............................................16
editions.
For custom lease assistance, call toll-free:1-888-WELDING Base Metal Weldability ........................17
(1-888-935-3464, or 305-824-1177 outside of North America). Thermal Spraying ................................18
Complete Collection
LS-ALL $8500 Sheet Metal ..........................................21
Choice of up to 50 Documents
LS-50 $5850
Beam Welding ......................................21
Choice of up to 25 Documents Welding and Cutting Processes ....22-24
LS-25 $3200
Robotics................................................25
Plastics ................................................25
Free previews of standards Standard Welding Procedure
Browse before you buy Specifications ............................26-27
Most AWS standards can be previewed electronically at the Brazing and Soldering....................28-29
AWS Online Store! Tables of contents and sample pages are Pipe and Tubing....................................30
available for your review with no obligation. Just click on
“Free Preview” when you surf to an AWS standard at Food Processing Systems....................31
www.aws.org/standards Consumables ..................................32-33
Filler Material Specifications ........32-33
Automotive ..........................................34
Aerospace ............................................34
Marine ..................................................34
Machinery ............................................35
Railroad ................................................35
Resistance Welding..............................36
Business and Reference ......................37
Index ..............................................38-43
Advertiser Index ..................................43
AWS Membership Application ............44

NEW PUBLICATIONS AND EDITIONS THIS YEAR


q A2.1:2012, Welding Symbol Charts (page 37)
q A2.4:2012, Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and Nondestructive Examination (page 37)
q A4.5M/A4.5:2012 (ISO 15792-3:2011MOD), Standard Methods for Classification Testing of Positional Capacity and
Root Penetration of Welding Consumables in a Fillet Weld (page 32)
q A5.1/A5.1M:2012, Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (page 33)
q A5.9/A5.9M:2012, Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding Electrodes and Rods (page 33)
q A5.22/A5.22M:2012, Specification for Stainless Steel Flux Cored & Metal Cored Welding Electrodes & Rods (page 33)
q A5.31M/A5.31:2012, Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and Braze Welding (page 33)
q A5.36/A5.36M:2012, Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Flux Cored Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding and
Metal Cored Electrodes for Metal Arc Welding (page 33)
q B2.4:2012, Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification for Thermoplastics (page 25)
q C1.1M/C1.1:2012, Recommended Practices for Resistance Welding (page 22)
q D8.9:2012, Test Methods for Evaluating the Resistance Spot Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet Steel Materials (page 34)
q D9.1:2012, Sheet Metal Welding Code (page 21)
q D14.4/D14.4M:2012, Specification for the Design of Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment (page 35)
q D14.6/D14.6M:2012, Specification for Welding of Rotating Elements of Equipment (page 35)
q D15.1/D15.1M:2012, Railroad Welding Specification for Cars and Locomotives (page 35)
q G2.5/G2.5M:2012, Guide for the Fusion Welding of Zirconium and Zirconium Alloys (page 17)
q Z49.1:2012, Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes (page 8) 3
Structural
D1.1/D1.1M:2010, Structural Welding concrete applications. Includes sections on allowable stresses,
Code—Steel structural details, workmanship requirements, technique,
For everyone involved in procedure and performance qualification, and inspection.
any phase of welding steel Figures clearly illustrate important welding considerations:
structures – engineers, unacceptable weld profiles, effective weld sizes, details of
detailers, fabricators, joints of anchorages, base plates, and inserts. Now addresses
erectors, inspectors, etc. – precast concrete components. Clarification on prequalified
the latest D1.1 spells out details and essential variables for fillet welds. New table
the requirements for illustrates acceptance criteria for macroetch tests. 84 pages,
design, procedures, 19 figures, 12 tables (2011).
qualification, fabrication, Order Code: D1.4 $116/$87
inspection, and repair of
AASHTO/AWS D1.5M/D1.5:2010, Bridge
pipe, plate, and structural
Welding Code
shapes that are subject to
Get the facts and code requirements for bridge building with
either static or cyclical
carbon and low-alloy construction steels. Covers welding
stresses. U.S. Customary
requirements of the American Association of State Highway
and SI units of measurement. 570 pages, 21 annexes,
and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) for welded highway
171 figures, 78 tables (2010).
bridges made from carbon and low-alloy construction steels.
Order Code: D1.1 $524/$393
Chapters cover design of welded connections, workmanship,
Spanish, Portuguese or Russian
technique, procedure and performance qualification,
editons CALL FOR PRICE
inspection, and stud welding. Features the latest AASHTO
D1.1-SWJ-WC, Welded Joint Details for revisions and nondestructive examination requirements, as
Structural Applications Wall Chart well as a section providing a “Fracture Control Plan for
Nonredundant Bridge Members.” Revisions include:
A 36"-by-27" wall chart with selected joint details conforming • Revised procedure, personnel, and test equipment
to D1.1/D1.1M:2008 and 2010, applicable to low-carbon steel inspection requirements
plate and shapes for structural applications. (2008). • New materials and hybrid joint provisions
Order Code: D1.1-SWJ-WC $40/$30
• New guidance on electroslag and narrow-gap ESW
D1.1-BI, The Official Book of D1.1 478 pages, 17 annexes, 90 figures, 43 tables, 9 forms,
Interpretations commentary (2010).
Order Code: D1.5 $348/$261
A collection of responses to formal inquiries about the
requirements of AWS D1.1 from 1976 to 2006. An excellent D1.6/D1.6M:2007, Structural Welding
reference for AWS D1.1 users. 54 pages, 6 figures (2008). Code—Stainless Steel
Order Code: D1.1-BI $64/$48
Covers requirements for welding stainless steel structural
D1.2/D1.2M:2008, assemblies/components (excluding pressure vessels or pressure
Structural Welding Code—Aluminum piping) using gas metal arc welding, shielded metal arc
welding, flux cored arc welding, submerged arc welding, and
Covers welding requirements for any type of structure made stud welding. Allows prequalified Welding Procedure
from aluminum structural alloys, except aluminum pressure Specifications for the austenitic stainless steels based on
vessels and fluid-carrying pipelines. Includes sections on considerable experience with the most widely used stainless
design of welded connections, procedure and performance steels. Sections include design, procedure and performance
qualification, fabrication, inspection, stud welding, and qualification, fabrication, inspection, and stud welding.
strengthening and repair of existing structures. A 292 pages, 14 annexes, 80 figures, 29 tables (2007).
commentary offers guidance on interpreting and applying Order Code: D1.6 $240/$180
the code. 226 pages, 59 figures, 24 tables (2008).
Order Code: D1.2 $200/$150 D1.7/D1.7M:2010, Guide for
D1.3/D1.3M:2008, Strengthening and Repairing Existing
Structural Welding Code—Sheet Steel Structures
Provides engineers and contractors with general direction
Covers arc welding of structural sheet/strip steels, including
and guidance on weld repairs, weld strengthening, and other
cold formed members, equal to or less than 3/16 in. (0.188
procedures to correct problematic issues with existing struc-
in./4.8 mm) nominal thickness and having a minimum
tures made of steel (minimum yield strength of 100 ksi and
specified yield point no greater than 80,000 psi (550 MPa).
minimum thickness of 1⁄8 inch), cast iron, and wrought iron.
Applicable to welding of commonly used structural quality
52 pages, 4 tables, (2009).
low-carbon hot rolled and cold rolled sheet and strip steel,
with or without zinc coating (galvanized), to other structural Order Code: D1.7 $108/$81
sheet steels or to supporting structural steel members. Three
weld types unique to sheet steel – arc spot, arc seam, and arc D1.8/D1.8M:2009, Structural Welding
plug welds – are included. Includes sections on design, Code—Seismic Supplement
procedure and performance qualification, fabrication, A supplement to AWS D1.1, Structural Welding Code—Steel.
inspection and stud welding as well as a commentary. 98 Applicable to welded joints in seismic load resisting systems
pages, 7 annexes, 44 figures, 11 tables, 3 forms (2008). designed in accordance with the Seismic Provisions of the
Order Code: D1.3 $120/$90 American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc. Covers addi-
tional controls on detailing, materials, workmanship, testing,
D1.4/D1.4M:2011, Structural Welding and inspection necessary to achieve adequate performance of
Code—Reinforcing Steel welded steel structures under conditions of severe earth-
Covers welding of reinforcing steel in most reinforced quake-induced inelastic straining. Includes a commentary

4 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
offering guidance on interpreting and applying this supple-
ment. 124 pages, 9 annexes, commentary, 22 figures, 8 STRUCTURAL BUNDLES
tables (2009). Bundle A:2012
Order Code: D1.8 $132/$99 • D1.1/D1.1M:2010, Structural Welding Code–Steel
• A2.4:2012, Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing,
D1.9/D1.9M:2007, and Nondestructive Examination
• A3.0M/A3.0:2010, Standard Welding Terms and Definitions
Structural Welding Code—Titanium
Covers requirements for design, welding, and inspection of Individual catalog prices would be $844/$633…SAVE $127/$95
any type of titanium structure. Includes qualification Order Code: BUNDLE A:2012 $717/$538
requirements for weld procedures and personnel. 162 pages, Bundle B:2012
commentary, 6 annexes, 53 figures, 19 tables (2007). • D1.1/D1.1M:2010, Structural Welding Code–Steel
Order Code: D1.9 $116/$87 • D1.2/D1.2M:2008, Structural Welding Code–Aluminum
• D1.3/D1.3M:2008, Structural Welding Code–Sheet Steel
• D1.4/D1.4M:2011, Structural Welding Code–Reinforcing Steel
ASTM Standards for Welding • D1.5M/D1.5:2010, Bridge Welding Code
A compilation of all 60 ASTM standards referenced by AWS • D1.6/D1.6M:2007, Structural Welding Code–Stainless Steel
D1.1 Structural Welding Code–Steel. An excellent compan- Individual catalog prices would be $1,548/$1,161…SAVE $232/$174
tion to D1.1, it can be ordered at a savings bundled with Order Code: BUNDLE B:2012 $1,316/$987
D1.1/D1.1M:2010. 565 pages, 60 standards (2010). Bundle C:2012
Order Code: ASTMSW $475/$356 • A2.4:2012, Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing,
ASTM Standards bundled with D1.1/D1.1M:2010 and Nondestructive Examination
Order Code: ASTMD1 $899/$674 • D1.5M/D1.5:2010, Bridge Welding Code
Individual catalog prices would be $504/$378…SAVE $76/$57
The Everyday Pocket Handbook on Welded Order Code: BUNDLE C:2012 $428/$321
Joint Details for Structural Applications Bundle D:2012 (Seismic Bundle)
See page 15. • D1.1/D1.1M:2010, Structural Welding Code–Steel
The Everyday Pocket Handbook for • D1.8/D1.8M:2009, Structural Welding Code–Seismic
Visual Inspection of AWS D1.1 Structural Supplement
Welding Code’s Fabrication and Welding Individual catalog prices would be $656/$492…SAVE $98/$74
Requirements See page 15. Order Code: BUNDLE D:2012 $558/$418

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5
Own the Entire Library of AWS Welding Handbooks!
These are the must-have references for engineers, structural designers, technologists, inspectors, welders, welding educators
and others who need to understand this dynamic and evolving industry. Put all the facts at your fingertips and make sure
you’re on the cutting edge with new and updated material. Here are five good reasons
you should add these valuable editions to your library. The books represent:
• The largest body of knowledge on welding available anywhere.
• Practical, hands-on information that you can put to immediate use.
• The most current information on best practices regarding safety, quality, and
qualification issues.
• Unparalleled authority—chapters are written by leading scientists, engineers,
educators, and other technical and scientific experts. Everything is peer-reviewed for
accuracy and timeliness.
• The most valuable resource on welding on the market today, covering the entire
spectrum of welding from science and technology, history, welding processes, and
materials and applications.

Ninth Edition, Volume 1, Welding Science Ninth Edition, Volume 4, Materials and
and Technology Applications, Part 1
Presents the latest developments in the basic science and Extensively revised and updated from the eighth edition, this
technology of welding, and general descriptions of processes, comprehensive volume had more than 50 experts in materi-
continues with chapters on the physics of welding and cutting; als and materials applications assure its accuracy and the
heat flow; welding metallurgy; design; test methods; residual currency of its content. It is a great reference source for
stress; welding symbols; tooling and positioning; monitoring engineers, educators, welding supervisors, and welders.
and control; mechanized, automated, and robotic techniques; Covers carbon and low-alloy steels; high-alloy steels; coated
economics; weld quality; inspection; qualification and steels; tool and die steels; stainless and heat-resisting steels;
certification; welding codes and standards; and safe practices. clad and dissimilar metals; surfacing; cast irons; mainte-
932 pages, 17 chapters, 2 appendices, 530 illustrations, 168 nance and repair welding; and underwater welding and cut-
tables, hardbound. 8" x 10" (2001). ting. Includes more than 650 pages, 396 line drawings and
Order Code: WHB-1.9 $192/$144 photos, and 259 tables. 10 chapters, hardbound, 8" x 10"
(2011).
Ninth Edition, Volume 2, Welding Order Code: WHB-4.9 $192/$144
Processes, Part 1 Eighth Edition, Volume 3, Materials and
Presents comprehensive information on welding and related Applications – Part 1
processes. Contains detailed information on arc welding power Covers nonferrous metals, plastics, composites, and ceramics;
sources; shielded metal arc, gas tungsten arc, gas metal arc, flux specialized topics on maintenance and repair welding; under-
cored arc, submerged arc, and plasma arc welding processes. water welding and cutting. Includes applications of the specific
Includes chapters on electroslag welding, stud welding, oxyfuel metals and processes, weldability, safe practices. Best copy
gas welding, brazing, soldering, oxygen cutting, and arc cutting available, 538 pages, 10 chapters, softbound. 81/2" x 101/2"
and gouging. 736 pages, 15 chapters, 260 line drawings, (1996).
100 photographs, 148 tables, hardbound. 8" x 10" (2004). Order Code: WHB-3.8 $160/$120
Order Code: WHB-2.9 $192/$144
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Ninth Edition, Volume 3, Welding WELDING HANDBOOK SET AT A
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Over 600 pages of comprehensive information on solid-state Ninth Edition, Volumes 1, 2, 3, and 4, plus Eighth Edition,
and other welding and cutting processes. The book includes Volume 3.
chapters on resistance spot and seam welding, projection Order Code: WHB-ALL $762/$572
welding, flash and upset welding and high-frequency
welding. In addition to a chapter on friction welding, a new GET THE TWO HANDBOOK VOLUMES ON
chapter introduces friction stir welding, the process that has PROCESSES AT SUBSTANTIAL SAVINGS.
users excited about the significant advantages it offers. The Ninth Edition, Volume 2 (Welding Processes, Part 1) and
most recent developments in beam technology are discussed Volume 3 (Welding Processes, Part 2).
in the greatly expanded chapters on laser beam welding and Order Code: WHB-PRC $288/$216
cutting and electron beam welding. A diverse array of
processes are presented in chapters on the ultrasonic welding
of metals, explosion welding, diffusion welding and diffusion
brazing, adhesive bonding and thermal and cold spraying.
The last chapter covers various other welding and cutting
processes, including modernized water jet cutting.
Written, updated, and peer reviewed by a group of highly
respected technical and scientific experts, the book has 15
chapters, more than 400 line drawings and photographs,
and a comprehensive index. 669 pages, 15 chapters, 3
appendices, 438 illustrations, 59 tables; hardbound. 8" x
10" (2007)
Order Code: WHB-3.9 $192/$144

6 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
PURCHASE SPECIFIC AWS WELDING HANDBOOK CHAPTERS!
Get valuable information from the Welding Handbook on a specific topic without the need to
purchase the whole volume. Individual chapters of the Welding Handbook Volumes 1, 2, 3 and 4 are
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price: $15 each.
Vol. 1: Welding Science and Technology 13: Soldering
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12: Brazing 10: Underwater Welding and Cutting
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Most AWS publications are available for download, and can be previewed at www.aws.org/standards 7
Safety & Health welding environment, and presents a strategy for collecting
valid samples from the welder’s breathing zone.
NEW EDITION: ANSI Z49.1:2012, Safety in Recommendations for fume analysis for various elements
Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes found in AWS filler metal specifications are presented in a table.
Addresses safe practices for 30 pages (2006).
performing welding, cutting, and Order Code: F1.3 $56/$42
allied processes in the welding
environment, and addresses the F1.5M:2003, Methods for Sampling
mutual responsibilities for safety and Analyzing Gases from Welding and
in welding by management, Allied Processes
supervisors, educators, industrial Covers contaminants in the welding environment, including
hygienists, and welders. Suitable ozone, carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and
for issuance to the welder and gaseous fluoride. Uses OSHA and NIOSH analytical methods,
shop management to give and the International System of Units (SI). 54 pages, 9
practical information to help figures, 10 tables, softbound (2003).
them perform these functions safely. Specific provisions for Order Code: F1.5 $64/$48
oxyfuel gas and arc welding and cutting, resistance welding,
electron beam welding, laser beam cutting and welding, and F1.6:2003, Guide for Estimating
– new in this edition – brazing and soldering. Generally Welding Emissions for EPA and
applicable to other welding processes such as submerged arc Ventilation Permit Reporting
welding and allied processes. Contains information useful to Outlines methods of estimating airborne emissions from the
educators, industrial hygienists, engineers, and other arc welding process. Helps companies estimate welding
personnel responsible for safety and health in welding. emissions for EPA reporting. 16 pages, 1 table (2003).
Unions, societies, trade groups, and U.S. military and Order Code: F1.6 $48/$36
enforcement agencies – including AWS, Sheet Metal Workers,
OSHA, and NIOSH – contributed in the development of this F2.2:2001 (R2010), Lens Shade Selector
revision of Z49.1. 68 pages, 4 figures, 1 table, 11th edition 11" x 17" chart (Reaffirmed 2010).
(2012). Order Code: F2.2 $28/$21
Download free pdf at www.aws.org/technical/facts or
purchase the printed document. F2.3M:2011, Specification for Use and
Order Code: Z49.1 $68/$51 Performance of Transparent Welding
Curtains and Screens
D16.1M/D16.1:2004, Specification for Reasonable and adequate methods for testing, selection, and
Robotic Arc Welding Safety use of transparent welding curtains and screens. Includes an
Specifies safety requirements with respect to the design, annex on measurement of spectral transmittance. 24 pages, 3
manufacture, maintenance, and operation of arc welding robot tables (2010).
systems and ancillary equipment for gas metal arc welding and Order Code: F2.3 $52/$39
flux cored arc welding. Identifies and minimizes hazards
involved in maintaining, operating, integrating, and setting up F3.2M/F3.2:2001, Ventilation Guide for
of arc welding robot systems. 26 pages, 1 figure (2004). Weld Fume
Order Code: D16.1 $52/$39 Introduces various types of ventilation systems, including
general supply and exhaust, for control of welding fumes. Find
D16.3M/D16.3:2009, Risk Assessment health hazard information on air contaminants from fumes,
Guide for Robotic Arc Welding principles of systems design and selection, and drawings that
Provides recommendations and guidelines for the safe application illustrate ventilation techniques. 42 pages (2001).
of robotic arc welding systems. 28 pages, 1 figure, 4 tables Order Code: F3.2 $60/$45
(2009).
Order Code: D16.3 $52/$39 F4.1:2007, Safe Practices for the
Preparation of Containers and Piping for
F1.1M:2006, Method for Sampling Welding and Cutting
Airborne Particulates Generated by Necessary safe practices to be followed in the cleaning and
Welding and Allied Processes preparation of containers and piping for welding or cutting.
Explains the proper technique to sample welding fumes in the Describes various methods for cleaning, including water, steam,
workplace. Emphasizes positioning the sampling device and hot chemical, and mechanical, and techniques to be used for
calibrating the equipment. 22 pages (2006). their proper preparation, such as inerting. 18 pages (2007).
Order Code: F1.1 $52/$39 Order Code: F4.1 $48/$36

F1.2:2006, Laboratory Method for Arc Welding and Cutting Noise


Measuring Fume Generation Rates and Measurements of the noise produced by four arc welding
Total Fume Emission of Welding and processes and one arc cutting process were evaluated under
Allied Processes standardized measurement conditions. 40 pages (1979).
Outlines a laboratory method to determine fume generation Order Code: AWN $60/$45
rates and total fume emission, using a test chamber to collect
Arc Welding and Cutting Safely
representative fume samples under carefully controlled
conditions. 24 pages (2006). This booklet is a brief outline of precautionary measures that
Order Code: F1.2 $52/$39 will help avoid the hazards of arc welding and allied processes.
12 pages (2000).
F1.3:2006, A Sampling Strategy Guide for Order Code: AWS (25 copies) $28/$21
Evaluating Contaminants in the Welding
Environment
Provides advice on contaminants that may be present in the

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This booklet outlines precautionary measures and safe practices Learn precautionary measures and safe practices to help avoid
that promote safety and continued productivity. 14 pages the hazards of fire and explosion. 20 pages (1992).
(1992). Order Code: FSW (25 copies) $28/$21
Order Code: BRS (25 copies) $28/$21
The Independent Shop’s Guide to
Characterization of Arc Welding Fume Welding Safety and Health
Four carbon steel fumes (E6010, E7018, E70S-3, E70T-1), a Common potential health and safety hazards that may be
stainless steel fume (E308-16), and an aluminum fume present in a small welding and cutting shop, with practical
(E5356) were analyzed for particle size and chemistry by X-ray advice on protecting workers and property. 42 pages, 3
diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning figures, 1 table, glossary (2003).
transmission electron microscope, and automated electron Order Code: SGSH $60/$45
beam analysis. 68 pages (1983).
Order Code: CAWF $68/$51 Laboratory Validation of Ozone Sampling
with Spill-Proof Impingers
Effects of Welding on Health Describes the adaptation of an existing air sampling and
Reviews of worldwide medical literature on potential health analytical method for ozone to the personal monitoring of
effects of welding-related physical and chemical hazards. Each employee exposures to the substance inside a welding helmet.
volume summarizes studies of occupational exposures, 54 pages (1983).
information on the human health effects of welding, and the Order Code: LVOS $64/$48
effects of welding on experimental animals and cell cultures over
a particular time period. Offers industrial hygienists and safety Oxyfuel Gas Welding, Cutting, and
and medical professionals the necessary background and Heating Safely
knowledge to deploy effective protective devices and engineering A brief outline of precautionary measures that will help avoid
controls, and to respond to unique exposure situations. Compiled the hazards of gas welding and allied processes. 12 pages
for the AWS Safety and Health Committee. (1990).
Volume Coverage # Pages Order Code Order Code: OWS (25 copies) $28/$21
EWH-I 1940-1977 144 EWH-1 PCWC:2001, Preparing Containers for
EWH-II 1978-1979 70 EWH-2 Welding or Cutting
EWH-III 1979-1980 44 EWH-3 Informs the reader that all containers are hazardous unless
EWH-IV 1980-1982 58 EWH-4 they are verified to be safe. Explosions, fires, and health hazards
may result if welding or cutting is performed on containers that
EWH-V 1982-1984 52 EWH-5 contain hazardous substances, such as combustible, reactive, or
EWH-VI 1984-1985 64 EWH-6 toxic vapors, dusts, and gases. 12 pages (2001).
EWH-VII 1986-1987 68 EWH-7 Order Code: PCWC (25 copies) $28/$21
EWH-VIII 1988-1989 62 EWH-8 FREE: Safety and Health Fact Sheets
EWH-IX 1990-1991 78 EWH-9 Download individual fact sheets as free PDFs at
EWH-X 1992-1994 100 EWH-10 www.aws.org/technical/facts. New and revised fact sheets
regularly posted online as they become available. Bundles for
EWH-XI 1995-1996 80 EWH-11 specific industries are also available.
EWH-XII 1997-1999 104 EWH-12
EWH-XIII 2000-2002 86 EWH-13
Ultraviolet Reflectance of Paint
Preliminary to making recommendations concerning
EWH-XIV 2002-2005 106 EWH-14 reflectivity or embarking on a program of measurement is the
Price (each) $40/$30 collection of data already available. Toward this end, a search
has been made for data on the ultraviolet reflectance of paints,
resulting in the compilation constituting this report. 124
Effects of Welding on Health, Index—
pages (1976).
I through XIII
Order Code: ULR $92/$70
54 pages (2008).
Order Code: EWH-I $24/$18 Welding Zinc-Coated Steels
Results of a four-year work program sponsored by the
Effects of Welding on Health, Vol. I International Lead Zinc Research Organization, provides pro-
through XIV plus Index—I through XIII cedures and safe practices. 144 pages (1972).
Order the complete set (except EWH-14 is not indexed). Order Code: WZC $100/$75
Order Code: EWH-ALL CALL FOR PRICE
C4.2/C4.2M:2009, Recommended
Fumes and Gases in the Welding Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Cutting
Environment Torch Operation See page 22.
Summarizes five experimental studies and several literature
surveys (conducted by Battelle Memorial Institute-Columbus C4.3/C4.3M:2007, Recommended
Laboratories for the American Welding Society) to evaluate the Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Heating
extent to which ventilation may control the exposure of the Torch Operation See page 22.
welder to these fumes and gases and to investigate the nature of
the various fumes and gases generated in arc welding, in NEW: Online Safety Seminar
brazing with silver-based filler metals, in thermal spraying, and Three-hour overview of welding hazards, safety equipment,
in oxyfuel gas cutting. 244 pages, 82 figures, 99 tables ventilation, welding in confined spaces, and safety precautions
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Qualification
B2.1/B2.1M:2009, Specification for B5.4:2005, Specification for the
Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification of Welder Test Facilities
Qualification Details qualification methods and test facility and assessment
Covers all fusion welding processes and an exhaustive array of requirements including personnel, organization, procedures,
materials used in metal fabrication. Specifies requirements for equipment, and capability. Includes a non-mandatory annex
the qualification of welding procedures, and for performance covering qualification of assessors. 22 pages, 6 chapters, 4
qualification of welders and welding operators for manual, annexes (2005).
semiautomatic, mechanized, and automatic welding. Order Code: B5.4 $52/$39
WELDING PROCESSES INCLUDE: B5.5:2011, Specification for the
• Oxyfuel Gas Welding • Shielded Metal Arc Welding Qualification of Welding Educators
• Gas Tungsten Arc Welding • Submerged Arc Welding Includes major changes to requirements. 20 pages (2011).
• Laser Beam Welding • Gas Metal Arc Welding Order Code: B5.5 $52/$39
• Flux Cored Arc Welding • Plasma Arc Welding
• Electroslag Welding • Electrogas Welding B5.9:2006, Specification for the
• Electron Beam Welding • Arc Stud Welding Qualification of Welding Supervisors
B2.1 GIVES COMPLETE COVERAGE OF: ANSI Approved. 18 pages (2006).
• Base Metals • Filler Metals Order Code: B5.9 $48/$36
• Qualification Variables • Testing Requirements
304 pages, 43 figures, 25 tables, 5 forms (2009). B5.14:2009, Specification for the
Order Code: B2.1 $240/$180 Qualification of Welding Sales
Representatives
B2.1/B2.1M-BMG:2009-ADD1, Base Metal Establishes the minimum requirements to qualify as a
Grouping for Welding Procedure and Welding Sales Representative. This qualification is based on
Performance Qualification the individual’s education and experience, and his or her abil-
Key reference for standards that have welding procedure and per- ity to pass an examination. 16 pages, 1 table (2009).
formance requirements. Lists base and filler metals grouped into Order Code: B5.14 $48/$36
categories to minimize qualification testing. Extracted from AWS
B2.1/B2.1M:2009. 206 pages, 5 tables (2009). B5.15:2010, Specification for the
Order Code: B2.1-BMG $56/$42 Qualification of Radiographic Interpreters
Defines requirements for qualification of radiographic inter-
B2.2/B2.2M:2010, Specification for preters, including experience, knowledge, and skills unique to
Brazing Procedure and Performance interpretation of radiographic media and determination of
Qualification acceptance criteria for weldments and adjacent base metal. Now
Specifies requirements for qualification of brazing procedure provides examination subjects and weights. 24 pages (2009).
specifications, and for performance qualification of brazers Order Code: B5.15 $52/$39
and brazing operators for manual, mechanized, and automat-
ic brazing. 84 pages, 9 tables, 16 figures, 3 forms (2010). B5.16:2006, Specification for the
Order Code: B2.2 $76/$57 Qualification of Welding Engineers
20 pages, (2006).
B2.3/B2.3M:2008, Specification for Order Code: B5.16 $52/$39
Soldering Procedure and Performance
Qualification B5.17:2008, Specification for the
Provides the qualification requirements for soldering procedure Qualification of Welding Fabricators
specifications and for performance qualification of solderers and 20 pages (2008).
operators. 66 pages, 11 tables, 12 figures (2008). Order Code: B5.17 $52/$39
Order Code: B2.3 $68/$51
C1.5:2009, Specification for the
NEW EDITION: B2.4:2012, Specification for Qualification of Resistance Welding
Welding Procedure and Performance Technicians
Qualification for Thermoplastics See page 25. Establishes requirements for qualification of resistance welding
technicians. Defines minimum experience, examination, appli-
B5.1:2003, Specification for the cation, qualification, and requalification requirements and
Qualification of Welding Inspectors methods. Provides a method for technicians to establish a record
Defines qualification requirements for welding inspectors,
of their qualification and abilities, such as development of
including experience, satisfactory completion of an examina-
machine troubleshooting, processes controls, quality standards,
tion, and proof of visual acuity. 20 pages (2003). Available
and problem solving. 22 pages, 1 table, 2 annexes (2009).
in Spanish.
Order Code: C1.5 $52/$39
Order Code: B5.1 $52/$39

B5.2:2001, Specification for the Qualification C2.16/C2.16M:2002, Guide for Thermal-


of Welding Inspector Specialists and Spray Operator Qualification See page 18.
Welding Inspector Assistants
Defines the requirements and program for an employer to quali- C7.4/C7.4M:2008, Process Specification
fy Welding Inspector Specialists and Welding Inspector Assistants and Operator Qualification for Laser Beam
to contract or industry-specific inspector standards. 20 pages Welding See page 21.
(2001).
Order Code: B5.2 $52/$39

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D16.4M/D16.4:2005, Specification for the
Training
Qualification of Robotic Arc Welding CM:2000, Certification Manual for
Personnel Welding Inspectors
Provides requirements for the qualification of robotic arc
welding support personnel at three different levels: CRAW-L1, The best-selling reference and introduction used by
CRAW-O, and CRAW-T. The revisions in this edition align edu- thousands of CWI examination candidates since 1977.
cation and experience requirements more realistically with Chapters cover the welding inspector’s responsibilities;
those in industry. This standard is the basis for the AWS standards; joint geometry and terminology; symbols;
Certification of Robotic Arc Welding Personnel (CRAW) pro- weldability; destructive testing; procedure and welder
gram. (See AWS QC19:2002 on page 14.) 22 pages, 2 annex- qualification; welding, brazing, and cutting processes;
es, 3 figures, 4 tables (2005). discontinuities; nondestructive examination; and inspector
Order Code: D16.4 $52/$39 reports. Each chapter concludes with a self-administered test
similar in content and style to the actual CWI exam
EG2.0:2008, Guide for Training and questions. Features a contemporary layout that includes tip
Qualification of Welding Personnel— boxes. This book has been invaluable to literally thousands
Entry Welder of CWI applicants who studied on their own for the AWS CWI
A competency-based guideline detailing the minimum exam. Edited by Eugene Hornberger, SCWI. 314 pages, 11
acceptable skill requirements for training and qualifying chapters, 152 figures, 23 drawings, 8 tables, (2000).
entry-level welders. 150 pages (2008). Order Code: CM $180/$135
Order Code: EG2.0 $64/$48 CMWS:2005, Certified Welding Supervisor
ELW Set (EG2.0:2008 and QC10:2008) $76/$57 Manual for Quality and Productivity
EG3.0-96, Guide for the Training and Improvement See page 14.
Qualification of Welding Personnel: GWF-98, Guide for Setting Up a
Level II—Advanced Welders Welder Training Facility
A competency-based curriculum guideline detailing the min- Defines the physical requirements of a welding instruction
imum acceptable skill requirements for training and qualify- facility. Intended to give step-by-step guidance to institutions
ing advanced welders. 168 pages (1996). that want to build or convert facilities for welder training. 20
Order Code: EG3.0 $32/$24 pages (1998).
ELW Set B (EG3.0-96 and QC11-96) $76/$57 Order Code: GWF $52/$39
EG4.0-96, Guide for the Training and Reference Manual—Code Clinic for Study
Qualification of Welding Personnel: of AWS D1.1:2010 Structural Welding
Level III – Expert Welders Code—Steel
A competency-based curriculum guideline detailing the Official textbook for CWI preparatory seminar. Helps CWI
minimum acceptable skill requirements for training and candidates prepare for the open-book portion of the CWI
qualifying expert welders. 158 pages (1996). examination, which tests ability to navigate through a code
Order Code: EG4.0 $32/$24 and find correct answers within a specified time. Includes
practice questions similar to the exam questions, and the
ELW Set C (EG4.0-96 and QC12-96) $48/$36
answers. (2011).
ELW Set D (pkg. of 6 documents: EG2.0:2008, EG3.0-96, Order Code: D1.1 CCRM CALL FOR PRICE
EG4.0-96, QC10:2008, QC11-96, QC12-96) $200/$150
Study Guide for API Standard 1104
G1.6:2006, Specification for the Welding of Pipelines and Related
Qualification of Plastics Welding Facilities
Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, Official textbook for CWI preparatory seminar. Helps CWI
and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds candidates prepare for the open-book portion of the CWI
See page 25. examination, which tests ability to navigate through the
20th edicition of the API 1104 code and find correct answers
within a specified time. Includes test questions similar to the
The Professional’s Advisor on Procedure exam questions, and the answers. 104 pages, 2 tables, 8
Qualification Variables
figures (2008).
Provides insight and guidance in the preparation of Welding
Order Code: API-M $76/$57
Procedure Specifications and Procedure Qualification
Records for D1.1, D1.5, B2.1, ASME IX, and API 1104; and Visual Inspection Workshop Reference
highlights differences in documentation and qualification Manual, 4th edition
requirements. Concentrates on common arc welding process- Official textbook for CWI preparatory seminar. Helps CWI
es, including submerged arc welding, shielded metal arc candidates prepare for the hands-on portion of the CWI
welding, gas metal arc welding, flux cored arc welding, and examination. Includes information on use of visual
gas tungsten arc welding. Not to be used in lieu of applicable inspection tools and sample exam questions and answers.
standards and codes, which provide authoritative and com- 132 pages, 4 chapters, 80 illustrations (2008).
prehensive requirements for Welding Procedure Order Code: VIW-M $76/$57
Specifications and Procedure Qualification Records. 132
pages, spiral bound, tabbed, 51/2" x 81/2" (2006). Radiographic Interpreter Textbook
Order Code: PAPQV $92/$69 See page 16.
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Most AWS publications are available for download, and can be previewed at www.aws.org/standards 13
Certification QC12-96, Specification for Qualification
and Certification for Level III—
QC1:2007, Standard for AWS Certification Expert Welders
of Welding Inspectors (Description & preview online.) 32 pages (1996).
The Certified Welding Inspector (CWI) program identifies Order Code: QC12 $24/$18
proven professionals who improve product quality through QC13:2006, Specification for the
early detection of flaws and defects. Since 1976, over 52,000 Certification of Welding Supervisors
professionals have earned CWI certification. 12 pages (2007). 16 pages (2007).
Available in Spanish. Order Code: QC13 $7/$6
Order Code: QC1 $9/$7 FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
QC14:2009, Specification for the
QC4-89, Standard for Accreditation of Certification of Welding Sales
Test Facilities for AWS Certified Welder Representatives
Program 16 pages (2009).
12 pages (1989). Order Code: QC7C $9/$7
Order Code: QC4 $9/$7 FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification QC15:2008, Specification for the
QC5-91, AWS Standard for Certification of Certification of Radiographic Interpreters
Welding Educators 16 pages (2008).
10 pages (1991). FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
Order Code: QC5 $9/$7 QC17:2008, Specification for AWS
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification Accreditation of Certified Welding
QC7-93, Standard for AWS Certified Fabricators
Welders 14 pages (2008).
10 pages (1993). FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
Order Code: QC7 $9/$7 QC19:2002, Standard for the
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification AWS Certification of Robotic Arc
QC7-93 Supplement C, Welder Welding Personnel
Performance Qualification Sheet Metal 24 pages (2002).
Order Code: QC19 $9/$7
Test Requirements FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
38 pages (1993).
Order Code: QC7C $9/$7 QC20:2011, Specification for AWS
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification Certification of Resistance Welding
Technicians
QC7-93 Supplement F, Chemical Plant and 24 pages (2011).
Petroleum Refinery Piping Order Code: QC20 $9/$7
22 pages (1993). FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification
Order Code: QC7F $9/$7
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification CMWS:2005, Certified Welding
Supervisor Manual for Quality and
QC7-93 Supplement G, AWS Performance Productivity Improvement
Qualification Test Self-study guide for the AWS Certified Welding Supervisor
10 pages (1993). certification exam. Will appeal to everyone concerned with
Order Code: QC7G $9/$7 enhancing productivity in the welding workplace. Reviews
FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification management systems for welding supervisors, requirements of
welds, detailed descriptions of four welding processes (SMAW,
QC10:2008, Specification for Qualification GMAW, FCAW, and SAW), welding metallurgy, welding
and Registration of Level I—Entry Welders symbols, welding instructions, welding economics, the
(Description & preview online.) 34 pages (2008). application of welding standards, welding inspection, health
Order Code: QC10 $24/$18
and safety, and work reports and records. The welding
QC11-96, Specification for Qualification economics chapter will help the welding supervisor estimate
and Certification for Level II— and control costs for welding jobs. Includes practice questions
Advanced Welders and additional references. 400 pages, 14 chapters (2005).
(Description & preview online.) 38 pages (1996). Order Code: CMWS $180/$135
Order Code: QC11 $24/$18

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14
Everyday Pocket Handbooks
The Everyday Pocket Handbook The Everyday Pocket Handbook on Metric
for Arc Welding Steel Practices for the Welding Industry
Useful charts and drawings relevant to arc welding steel. Includes table conversions for common welding terms,
Includes classification, size, amperes, and deposition rates for length conversions, electrode sizes, fillet weld sizes, welding
selected shielded metal arc welding, gas metal arc welding, and travel and wire feed speeds, deposition rates, and gas flow
flux cored arc welding electrodes. Also covers weld positions, rates. 24 pages, spiral-bound. 31/2" x 6" (2000).
pipe size and wall thicknesses, basic welding symbols and Order Code: PHB-5 $20/$15
locations, and guide to electrode conditioning and storage. 34
pages, spiral-bound. 31/2" x 6" (1994). The Everyday Pocket Handbook for
Order Code: PHB-1 $20/$15 Visual Inspection of AWS D1.1 Structural
Welding Code’s Fabrication and Welding
The Everyday Pocket Handbook Requirements
for Visual Inspection and Weld Compilation of excerpts from D1.1/D1.1M:2004. Includes
Discontinuities—Causes and Remedies transitions between unequal thickness, access hold
Covers cracks, inclusions, incomplete fusion, incomplete requirements, pre-weld joint detail, base material surface and
joint penetration, overlap, porosity, undercut, and weld weld profile requirements, and five pages of visual acceptance
profiles. Compiled from AWS sources by Ted Weber, principal criteria. Useful when actual D1.1 code is too cumbersome for
consultant for Weber and Associates. 34 pages, spiralbound. tight, on-the-job areas. 38 pages, spiral-bound. 31/2" x 6"
31/2" x 6" (2000). (Revised 2004).
Order Code: PHB-2 $20/$15 Order Code: PHB-6 $20/$15
The Everyday Pocket Handbook on Welded The Everyday Pocket Handbook for
Joint Details for Structural Applications Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
Twenty diagrams of structural joints with prequalified details Emphasizes shielded metal arc welding electrode care,
from D1.1 in a pocket handbook format. 32 pages, spiral- handling, and use. Includes convenient classification suffix
bound. 31/2" x 6" (Revised 2004). charts, suggested amperage ranges, stub loss, electrode
Order Code: PHB-3 $20/$15 orientation, and suggested joint designs. 34 pages, spiral-
The Everyday Pocket Handbook for bound. 31/2" x 6" (1998).
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) and Flux Order Code: PHB-7 $20/$15
Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) The Everyday Pocket Handbook for Gas
Includes shielding gas information for gas metal arc welding Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) of Aluminum
using spray arc transfer, short-circuiting arc transfer, globular to Covers preparation of aluminum for welding, tips and
spray transition currents, arc voltages, wire-feed speed, melting troubleshooting, typical procedures for groove and fillet welds
rates, and typical welding conditions for carbon and low-alloy in aluminum alloys with argon shielding, aluminum filler
steels, stainless steels, and aluminum. Includes specification and metal properties (as-welded condition), and guide to
classification system for flux cored arc welding electrodes, and selection of filler metal for general-purpose welding. 32
same topics as gas metal arc welding portion for CO2 and self- pages, spiral-bound. 31/2" x 6" (1998).

LASERSHOWS.
shielding. Covers troubleshooting advice for mechanical and
electrical gas metal arc welding and flux cored arc welding. 50
pages, spiral-bound. 31/2" x 6" (2000).
Order Code: PHB-4 $20/$15
Order Code: PHB-8
Resistance Welding Pocket Handbook
See page 36.
$20/$15

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Inspection
The Practical Reference Guide for
Radiographic Inspection Acceptance Criteria
B1.10M/B1.10:2009, Guide for the Easy orientation to the levels of potential weld discontinuities
Nondestructive Examination of Welds that wont affect the weldments form, fit, or function. Provides
Addresses which examination method – visual, liquid penetrant, three levels of conditions that can be specified to determine
magnetic particle, radiographic, ultrasonic, electromagnetic radiographic acceptance of welds. 36 pages, charts and
(eddy current), or leak testing – best detects various types of diagrams (1995).
discontinuities. Note: Does not address acceptance criteria. 64 Order Code: PRG $56/$41
pages, 30 figures, 4 tables, fourth edition (2009).
Order Code: B1.10 $104/$78 Radiographic Interpreter Textbook
Official textbook for the AWS Certified Radiographic Interpreter
B1.11:2000, Guide for the Visual seminar. Includes review questions for each chapter. 260 pages
Examination of Welds (2011).
Provides guidance on visual examination of welds, including Order Code: RIT $152/$114
sections on prerequisites, fundamentals, surface conditions, The Practical Reference Guide for
and equipment. Sketches and color photographs illustrate Welding Inspection Management—
common weld discontinuities. 42 pages, 3 annexes, 48 Visual Inspection of Pressure Vessels
figures (2000). and Pressure Piping See page 30.
Order Code: B1.11 $104/$78
The Everyday Pocket Handbook for Visual
B4.0:2007, Standard Methods for Inspection and Weld Discontinuities—
Mechanical Testing of Welds Causes and Remedies See page 15.
Describes the most common mechanical test methods appli-
cable to welds and welded joints. Each test method gives The Everyday Pocket Handbook for
details concerning specimen preparation, test parameters, Visual Inspection of AWS D1.1 Structural
testing procedures, and suggested report forms. Acceptance Welding Code’s Fabrication and Welding
criteria are not included. Three new weldability tests (WIC, Requirements See page 15.
trough, and GBOP) and resistance weld tests have been
included in this new edition. (Note: Joint tests for brazements C2.21M/C2.21:2003, Specification for
are covered in AWS C3.2M/C3.2.) U.S. Customary Units. 152 Thermal Spray Acceptance Inspection
pages, 97 figures (2007). See page 18.
Order Code: B4.0 $104/$78 C3.2M/C3.2:2008,Standard Method for
Evaluating the Strength of Brazed Joints
B4.0M:2000(R2010) (metric only)
See page 28.
Metric only. 120 pages, 64 figures (Reaffirmed 2010).
Order Code: B4.0M $88/$66 NEW EDITION: D8.9M:2012, Test Methods
for Evaluating the Resistance Spot
WI:2000, Welding Inspection Handbook Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet
This invaluable training reference helps inspectors, Steel Materials See page 34.
engineers, and welders evaluate the difference between
discontinuities and rejectable defects. G1.2M/G1.2:1999(R2010), Specification
254 pages 18 chapters, index, 108 figures, 16 tables, for Standardized Ultrasonic Welding Test
61/2" x 9", third edition (2000). Specimen for Thermoplastics See page 25.
Order Code: WI $76/$57
G1.6:2006, Specification for the
WIT-T:2008, Welding Inspection Technology Qualification of Plastics Welding
For at-home study, this official reference textbook for the three- Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion,
day AWS core seminar for CWI exam preparation is readable, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds
informative, and comprehensive. 329 pages, 10 chapters, See page 25.
379 figures and photographs (2008).
Order Code: WIT-T $272/$204 G1.10M:2001, Guide for the Evaluation
of Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated
WIT-W:2008, Welding Inspection Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds See page 25.
Technology Workbook
A companion to Welding Inspection Technology. 83 pages
(2008). For brazing inspection/testing standards, see page 28.
Order Code: WIT-W $72/$54 For plastics inspection/testing standards, see page 25.
For thermal spray inspection standards, see page 18.

Operations
The Practical Reference Guide to The Independent Shop’s Guide to
Positioning Welding Safety and Health See page 10.
Describes the basic operation of weldment positioners and
welding head manipulators and gives information on their Design and Planning Manual
selection and use. 74 pages, 58 figures, 1 table (2008). for Cost-Effective Welding See page 37.
Order Code: PRGP $56/$42
D16.2M/D16.2:2007, Guide for
Components of Robotic and Automatic
Total Welding Management See page 37.
Arc Welding Installations See page 25.

16 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
Base Metal Weldability
C1.4M/C1.4:2009, Specification for The Practical Reference Guide to Welding
Resistance Welding of Carbon and Low- Titanium
Alloy Steels Topics include backing gas shielding, chambers, joint design,
Provides the shear strength and weld button diameter require- equipment, consumables, filler metal transfer, and special weld-
ments for carbon steel and low-alloy steel sheet resistance and ing conditions for gas tungsten arc welding, gas metal arc weld-
projection welds. 30 pages, 5 figures, 6 tables (2009). ing, plasma arc welding, electron and laser beam welding, and
Order Code: C1.4 $56/$42 resistance welding. 16 pages, 5 tables (1999).
Order Code: PRGT $48/$36
D11.2-89(R2006), Guide for Welding Iron The Practical Reference Guide to Welding
Castings Aluminum in Commercial Applications
Briefly presents the history and metallurgy of cast iron and its Covers mechanical properties of aluminum affected by welding
welding processes. A weldability test is described, with instruc- alloy and temper designations, filler metal selection, preweld-
tions for its application in specific cases. Qualification of proce- ing preparation, GTAW, GMAW, and SMAW defects, and disconti-
dures and welders and quality control practice are also included. nuities and problems in qualifying welding procedures. 38
135 pages, 69 figures, 26 tables (Reaffirmed 2006). pages, 24 figures, 14 tables (2002).
Order Code: D11.2 $96/$72 Order Code: PRGWA $56/$41
The Practical Reference Guide to Welding
G2.1M/G2.1:2002, Guide for the Joining of Metallurgy—Key Concepts for Weldability
Wrought Nickel-Based Alloys An intelligent introduction for the engineer new to weld-
Definitive guide to welding metals and alloys not covered by ing, and the up-and-coming senior technician. Tables
other standards. Guidelines for welding different wrought nick- and figures support these topics: metal structures, metal
el-based alloys, including solid-solution and precipitation- forms, diffusion, solid solubility, residual stress, shielding
hardening alloys. 56 pages, 5 figures,17 tables (2003). and purging, phase transformation, hardness and hard-
Order Code: G2.1 $64/$48 enability, grain size, stainless steels, aluminum and its
alloys, copper and its alloys, refractory alloys, and repair
G2.3M/G2.3:2009, Guide for the Joining of welding. 34 pages, 32 figures (1999).
Wrought Solid Solution Austenitic Order Code: PRGWM $56/$41
Stainless Steels
Welding Aluminum—Questions and
Presents a description of wrought solid solution austenitic
Answers
stainless steels and the processes and procedures that can be
This practical guide to troubleshooting aluminum welding-
used for the joining of these materials. Discusses the welding
related problems is based on real-life questions and answers
processes and welding parameters, qualifications, inspection
from author Tony Anderson’s long-running column in the
and repair methods, cleaning, and safety considerations. 88
Welding Journal. Includes dozens of color photos. 258
pages, 8 figures, 27 tables (2009)
pages, hard cover, 106 figures, 22 tables (2010).
Order Code G2.3 $76/$57
Order Code: WQA $152/$114
The Professional’s Advisor on
G2.4/G2.4M:2007, Guide for the Fusion Welding of Stainless Steels
Welding of Titanium and Titanium Alloys Focuses mainly on austenitic stainless steels (200 and 300
Best practices to allow first-time users of titanium as well as series). Also covers ferritic and martensitic (400 series), precip-
established fabricators to join titanium parts into quality com- itation-hardening series, and duplex stainless steels. Contains
ponents. 52 pages, 5 annexes, 8 figures, 20 tables (2007) chapters on definitions, stainless steel filler materials, preweld
Order Code G2.4 $64/$48 cleaning and preparation, welding and cutting of stainless
steels, postweld cleaning, heat treatments, weld discontinuities
NEW PUBLICATION: G2.5/G2.5M:2012, and defects, stainless steels in welding codes and standards,
Guide for the Fusion Welding of Zirconium
and safety and health considerations. 103 pages, 13 figures,
and Zirconium Alloys
47 tables, spiral-bound. 51/2" x 81/2" (1999).
First-time users of zirconium along with established fabrica-
Order Code: PASS $84/$63
tors will find this to be a useful guide to best practices for join-
ing zirconium parts. 46 pages, 6 figures, 10 tables (2012) Welding Zinc-Coated Steels
Order Code G2.5 $60/$45 Results of a four-year work program sponsored by the
The Practical Reference Guide for International Lead Zinc Research Organization, provides pro-
Corrosion of Welds—Causes and Cures cedures and safe practices. 144 pages (1972).
Order Code: WZC $100/$75
Succinct introduction to basic corrosion mechanisms. Includes
pitting, intergranular corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, ero- Guide to Weldability: Carbon and Low-
sion, crevice and galvanic corrosion, and selective leaching. Alloy Steels
Clear advice on how to avoid and correct corrosion, including Aimed at those responsible for the operation of fabrication
alloying for resistance. 28 pages, 44 photos (1999). shops and maintenance/repair facilities, this guide helps the
Order Code: PRGC $52/$39 non-welding engineer in the selection of method, materials,
and procedures to produce the “desired results and stay out of
The Practical Reference Guide for High trouble.” Compiled from information taken from the Welding
Quality Fusion Welding of Aluminum Handbook, George E. Linnert’s Welding Metallurgy, ASM
Gives engineers, designers, and technicians step-by-step direc- Handbook, and Jefferson’s Welding Encyclopedia, among oth-
tions in proper use of cleaning tools, assembling, and welding ers. 51 pages, 9 chapters, 2 appendices, 20 figures, 14 tables
procedures. 20 pages, illustrations, photos (2001). (2005).
Order Code: PRGQA $52/$39 Order Code: GTW $60/$45

Most AWS publications are available for download, and can be previewed at www.aws.org/standards 17
Thermal Spraying
C2.16/C2.16M:2002, Guide for Thermal- C2.23M/C2.23:2003, Specification for the
Spray Operator Qualification Application of Thermal Spray Coatings
Recommendations for thermal-spray operator qualification (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and Their
based on knowledge and skill testing. Twelve individual Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion
thermal-spray operator qualification tests are included for Protection of Steel
engineering and corrosion control applications: one each for Covers safety, job reference standards, equipment setup and
job knowledge, high-velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) spraying and preparation, surface preparation, aluminum and zinc
flame spray-fusing; two for arc spraying; and three each for application, and sealer and topcoat application. Does not
flame spraying and air-plasma spraying. 86 pages (2002). cover design and fabrication, thermal spray equipment
Order Code: C2.16 $76/$57 qualification, coating selection, and operator and inspector
certification. Same as NACE No. 12, SSPC-CS 23.00. 48
C2.18-93R, Guide for the Protection of pages, 9 figures, 5 tables (2003).
Steel with Thermal Sprayed Coatings of Order Code: C2.23 $60/$45
Aluminum and Zinc and Their Alloys and
Composites C2.25/C2.25M:2002, Specification for
Authoritative guide to select, plan, and control thermal Thermal Spray Feedstock—Solid and
sprayed coatings for preservation of steel. Indispensable for Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods
purchasers, architects, managers, supervisors, and Classifies solid and composite wires and ceramic rods for
contractors in the construction, marine, railroad, fabrication, thermal spraying, based on their as-manufactured chemical
and repair industries. 40 pages, 13 tables (Reaffirmed composition. Includes requirements for standard sizes,
2001). marking, manufacturing, and packaging. 26 pages, 4
Order Code: C2.18 $60/$45 figures, 7 tables (2002).
Order Code: C2.25 $52/$39
C2.20/C2.20M:2002, Specification
for Thermal Spraying Zinc Anodes on Thermal Spray Manual
Steel Reinforced Concrete Introduction to thermal spraying, including fundamentals,
Explains metalized zinc cathodic protection systems for sequencing the job, applications, processes, coating selection,
corrosion protection of concrete structures with steel finishing, training, certification, and safety. Excellent training
reinforcing. Useful to departments of transportation, port manual. 176 pages, 12 chapters, glossary (1996).
facilities, power plants, and other operations responsible for Order Code: TSM $112/$84
repair and maintenance of concrete structures affected by
corrosion of steel reinforcement. Includes information on job Thermal Spraying Practice, Theory,
safety, passfail reference standards, feedstock materials, needed and Application
equipment, and instructions for surface preparation, thermal The thermal spraying processes are specialized, yet have a wide
spraying, and quality control. 40 pages, 3 figures, 5 tables ranging utilization in both manufacturing and maintenance.
(2003). There are many components and variables involved, which,
Order Code: C2.20 $60/$45 when working together and properly applied, produce an effect
far greater than indicated when they are considered individual-
C2.21M/C2.21:2003, Specification for ly. Yet each component and variable must be understood to per-
Thermal Spray Equipment Acceptance mit the proper selection and operation of a particular process.
Inspection With this background, the user is then in a position to tailor the
Specifies thermal spray equipment acceptance requirements process to a particular application. 194 pages, 48 figures, 59
for plasma, arc-wire, flame-powder, flame-wire, flame-rod, tables (1985).
and flame-cord, and high-velocity oxygen fuel equipment.
Order Code: TSS $120/$90
Contains inspection report forms. 28 pages (2004).
Order Code: C2.21 $52/$39

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Sheet Metal Beam Welding
NEW EDITION: D9.1M/D9.1:2012, C7.1M/C7.1:2004, Recommended
Sheet Metal Welding Code Practices for Electron Beam Welding
Covers arc and braze welding requirements for Presents descriptions of electron beam welding equipment
nonstructural sheet metal fabrications using commonly and procedures for welding a wide range of similar and
welded metals available in sheet form up to and including dissimilar metals and thicknesses. Includes sections on
3 gauge, or 6.4 mm (0.250 in.). Applications of the code safety, process fundamentals, equipment and maintenance,
include heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems, metallurgical and general process considerations, inspection
food processing equipment, architectural sheet metal, and and testing of welds, training and qualification of operators,
other nonstructural sheet metal applications. Sections weld process and procedure development, practical
include procedure and performance qualification, examples, and power curves for various alloys. 128 pages,
workmanship, and inspection. Nonmandatory annexes 64 figures, 11 tables (2004).
provide useful information on materials and processes. Order Code: C7.1 $92/$69
Not applicable when negative or positive pressure exceeds
30 kPa (5 psi). Approx. 80 pages (2012). C7.2M:2010, Recommended Practices for
Order Code: D9.1 CALL FOR PRICE Laser Beam Welding, Cutting, and Allied
Processes
D1.3/D1.3M:2008, Structural Welding Covers common applications of the process, including drilling
Code—Sheet Steel and transformation hardening. Describes equipment and
Covers arc welding of structural sheet/strip steels, including procedures. Practical information, including figures and
cold formed members, equal to or less than 3/16 in. (0.188 tables, should prove useful in determining capabilities in the
in./4.8 mm) nominal thickness and having a minimum processing of various materials. 142 pages, 85 figures, 8
specified yield point no greater than 80,000 psi (550 MPa). tables (2010).
Applicable to welding of commonly used structural quality Order Code: C7.2 $100/$75
low-carbon hot rolled and cold rolled sheet and strip steel,
with or without zinc coating (galvanized), to other C7.3:1999R, Process Specification for
structural sheet steels or to supporting structural steel Electron Beam Welding
members. Three weld types unique to sheet steel – arc spot, Sister publication to C7.1, Recommended Practices for
arc seam, and arc plug welds – are included. Includes Electron Beam Welding, this standard discusses applicable
sections on design, procedure and performance specifications, safety, requirements, fabrication, quality
qualification, fabrication, inspection and stud welding as examination, equipment calibration and maintenance,
well as a commentary. 98 pages, 7 annexes, 44 figures, 11 approval, and delivery of work. Includes sample WPS and PQR
tables, 3 forms (2008). forms, as well as a Nondestructive Evaluation Discontinuity
Order Code: D1.3 $120/$90 Limits chart. 18 pages (Reaffirmed 2003).
Order Code: C7.3 $48/$36
NEW EDITION: D8.9M:2012, Test Methods
for Evaluating the Resistance Spot C7.4/C7.4M:2008, Process Specification
Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet and Operator Qualification for Laser
Steel Materials Beam Welding
See page 34. Covers processing and quality control requirements for laser
beam welding. 34 pages, 1 table (2008).
Order Code: C7.4 $56/$42

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21
Welding & Cutting Processes
NEW EDITION: C1.1M/C1.1:2012, C4.6M:2006 (ISO 9013:2002 IDT), Thermal
Recommended Practices for Resistance Cutting—Classification of Thermal Cuts—
Welding Geometric Product Specification and
Covers spot, seam, projection, flash, and upset welding, as Quality Tolerances
well as weld bonding for uncoated and coated carbon and Provides the quantitative and qualitative methods for describ-
low-alloy steels, aluminum alloys, stainless steels, nickel, ing and classifying oxyfuel flame, plasma, and laser cutting.
nickel-base alloys, cobalt-base alloys, copper and alloys, and 48 pages, 5 annexes, 27 figures, 8 tables (2006).
titanium and alloys. Details equipment and setup, welding Order Code C4.6 $60/$45
variables, joint preparation, cleaning, welding schedules and
parameters, weld quality testing, safety, and health. 132 C5.3:2000 (R2011), Recommended
pages, 54 tables, 30 figures (2012). Practices for Air Carbon Arc Gouging and
Order Code: C1.1 $96/$72 Cutting
Helps the operator establish the correct air pressure, amperage,
C4.1-77 (R2010) Set, Criteria for voltage, and techniques. Includes gouging recommendations
Describing Oxygen-Cut Surfaces, and and a handy troubleshooting guide. 38 pages, 11 figures, 10
Oxygen Cutting Surface Roughness Gauge tables (Reaffirmed 2011).
Consists of a plastic gauge with samples of oxygen-cut Order Code: C5.3 $56/$42
surfaces, a list of descriptive terms, and an accompanying
C5.5/C5.5M:2003, Recommended
chart. 5 pages (Reaffirmed 2009).
Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
Order Code: C4.1 SET $56/$42
Provides a fundamental explanation of the gas tungsten arc
C4.2/C4.2M:2009, Recommended welding process, describes basic practices and concepts, and
Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Cutting outlines advanced methods and applications. Addresses
Torch Operation current uses of gas tungsten arc welding in the metal-
Describes the oxyfuel gas cutting process and latest fabricating industry, new applications, and advances in
procedures and safety requirements, using terminology research and development. Presents many practical
compatible with ISO documents. Illustrations show torch and recommendations on the use of gas tungsten arc welding,
nozzle configurations, and examples of production-cut and a handy trouble-shooting section. Includes process
surfaces. 48 pages, 20 figures, 4 tables (2009). advantages and limitations; equipment and supplies;
Order Code: C4.2 $68/$52 tungsten electrodes; gas shielding, purging, and backing;
fixturing and tooling; welding techniques; quality control;
C4.3/C4.3M:2007, Recommended troubleshooting and safety; joint design, preparation, and
Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Heating welding positions; and welding characteristics of selected
Torch Operation alloys. 130 pages, 79 figures, 22 tables (2003).
Describes the best and most practical methods for safe and Order Code: C5.5 $96/$72
effective operation of oxyfuel gas heating torches, including C5.7:2000 (R2006), Recommended
information on equipment safety, setup, shutdown and Practices for Electrogas Welding
operating procedures, and equipment maintenance. 36 Fundamentals of the process, including the various methods of
pages, 10 figures, 4 tables (2007). welding. Equipment, consumables, applications, and
Order Code: C4.3 $56/$42
metallurgical advantages and limitations are discussed. Covers
C4.4/C4.4M:2007, Recommended selection of process variables and operating conditions and
Practices for Heat Shaping and typical EGW procedures. Inspection of welds, and training and
Straightening with Oxyfuel Gas Heating qualification of welding procedures and operators are
described. A troubleshooting guide, safety considerations, and a
Torches
supplementary reading list are presented. 68 pages, 23
Describes methods and techniques for shaping and straight- figures, 14 tables (Reaffirmed 2006).
ening metal parts (including steel plate, pipes, angles, chan- Order Code: C5.7 $68/$52
nel, T bar, and compound structures) by careful application
of heat. Presents theory and mathematical formulas for C5.10/C5.10M:2003, Recommended
developing heat shaping patterns. Topics include oxyfuel gas Practices for Shielding Gases for Welding
equipment (torches, tips, regulators, fuel gases, gas cylinders, and Cutting
and bulk supply); torch procedures for spot, line, and V heat- Covers six industrial gases – argon, carbon dioxide, helium,
ing patterns; and safety procedures. Figures show where to hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen – and various mixtures.
place heating patterns for straightening, forming, or bend- Covers gas properties, uses, safe handling, distribution, mix-
ing. 56 pages, 39 figures, 4 tables (2007). tures and effects of shielding gases on arc characteristics and
Order Code: C4.4 $64/$48 welds for flux cored arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding,
gas metal arc welding, electrogas welding, plasma arc weld-
C4.5M:2006, Uniform Designation System ing, plasma arc cutting, laser welding, and laser cutting.
for Oxyfuel Nozzles Includes sections on gas purging and backing gases as well
Proposes a marking system that includes the name, registration as shielding and cutting gas safety. 64 pages, 26 figures, 17
trademark, correct fuel gas symbol, nozzle cutting capacity, and tables (2003).
a code or part number to permit easy reference to the Order Code: C5.10 $68/$52
manufacturer’s operating data. Provides a common
identification system that will result in the safe operation of
oxyfuel nozzles, including cutting, welding, heating, and
brazing. 18 pages, SI (metric) units (2006).
Order Code: C4.5 $48/$36

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C6.1-89 (R2009), Recommended C7.3:1999R, Process Specification for
Practices for Friction Welding Electron Beam Welding See page 21.
Describes friction welding fundamentals and basic equipment
requirements. Suggested procedure qualification, inspection
C7.4/C7.4M:2008, Process Specification
methods, and joint designs are detailed. Typical mechanical and Operator Qualification for Laser
property data are referenced. 36 pages, 3 appendices, 9 Beam Welding See page 21.
figures, 2 tables (Reaffirmed 2009). D14.8M:2009 (ISO/TR 17844:2004 IDT),
Order Code: C6.1 $56/$42 Standard Methods for the Avoidance of
C6.2/C6.2M:2006, Specification for Cold Cracks
Friction Welding of Metals The U.S. adoption of ISO 17844:2004, Welding – Comparison
Provides for the qualification of friction welding machines, of standardized methods for the avoidance of cold cracks.
procedures, and training of welding operators. Qualification Retains the technical content, structure, and wording of the ISO
of welding procedure specifications includes the material document. Compares currently available methods for
determining welding procedures for avoiding hydrogen
specifications involved, weld joint design, and destructive and
induced cold cracking during fabrication. 92 pages, 27
nondestructive examination requirements, as well as guide-
figures 28 tables.(2009)
lines for categories of quality assurance. Qualification of
Order Code: D14.8 $80/$60
welding equipment includes weld parameter control and
weld reproducibility. 32 pages, 1 table, 4 forms (2006). The Practical Reference Guide
Order Code: C6.2 $56/$42 for Hardfacing
Introduction to hardfacing, the surfacing process that helps
C7.1M/C7.1:2004, Recommended protect against wear or corrosion exactly where needed. An
Practices for Electron Beam Welding excellent companion to A5.212001, Specification for Bare
See page 21. Electrodes and Rods for Surfacing. 20 pages, 4 figures, 12
C7.2M:2010, Recommended Practices for tables (2002).
Laser Beam Welding, Cutting, and Allied Order Code: PRGHF $52/$39
Processes See page 21.

24
Robotics
Arc Welding with Robots: Do’s and Don’ts D16.3M/D16.3:2009, Risk Assessment
Provides the novice as well as the seasoned user of industrial Guide for Robotic Arc Welding
robots with information that can promote and expand Provides recommendations and guidelines for the safe applica-
successful use of robots in GMAW and FCAW applications. 36 tion of robotic arc welding systems. 28 pages, 1 figure, 4 tables
pages (1995). (2009).
Order Code: AWR (25 copies) $24/$18 Order Code: D16.3 $52/$39

D16.1M/D16.1:2004, Specification for D16.4M/D16.4:2005, Specification for the


Robotic Arc Welding Safety Qualification of Robotic Arc Welding
Specifies safety requirements with respect to the design, Personnel
manufacture, maintenance, and operation of arc welding robot Provides requirements for the qualification of robotic arc
systems and ancillary equipment for gas metal arc welding and welding support personnel at three different levels: CRAW-L1,
flux cored arc welding. Identifies and minimizes hazards CRAW-O, and CRAW-T. The revisions in this edition align
involved in maintaining, operating, integrating, and setting up education and experience requirements more realistically
of arc welding robot systems. 26 pages, 1 figure (2004). with those in industry. This standard is the basis for the AWS
Order Code: D16.1 $52/$39 Certification of Robotic Arc Welding Personnel (CRAW) pro-
gram. (See AWS QC19:2002 below.) 22 pages, 2 annexes, 3
D16.2M/D16.2:2007, Guide for figures, 4 tables (2005).
Components of Robotic and Order Code: D16.4 $52/$39
Automatic Arc Welding Installations
Performance recommendations for evaluating components of QC19:2002, Standard for the AWS
a typical robotic or automatic welding installation. A pin Certification of Robotic Arc Welding
arrangement and specific pin function for each location in a Personnel
standardized 37-pin connector are proposed. 32 pages, 4 24 pages (2002).
figures, 4 tables (2007) Order Code: QC19 $9/$7
Order Code: D16.2 $56/$42 FREE - Download at www.aws.org/certification

Plastics
G1.1M/G1.1:2006, Guide to Ultrasonic G1.10M:2001, Guide for the Evaluation
Assembly of Thermoplastics of Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated
Details the ultrasonic equipment and processes used in Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds
fabricating thermoplastic parts. 94 pages, 45 figures, 9 Lists and describes defects in welded joints in thermoplastic
tables (2006). materials, and classifies each into one of three quality grades,
Order Code G1.1 $72/$54 allowing specific defects to be excluded or kept within limits.
G1.2M/G1.2:1999(R2010), Specification 44 pages (2001).
for Standardized Ultrasonic Welding Test Order Code: G1.10 $60/$45
Specimen for Thermoplastics
NEW EDITION: B2.4:2012, Specification for
Helps minimize variations in the geometry, welding, and testing Welding Procedure and Performance
of the ultrasonic welding test sample for thermoplastics. Qualification for Thermoplastics
Detailed figures show tolerances on critical dimensions that
may affect weldability. Use this specification for studies on the Includes requirements for qualification of Welding Procedure
ultrasonic welding of thermoplastics, weldability studies, and Specifications, welders, and welding operators for manual,
optimizations. 36 pages (Reaffirmed 2010). semi-automatic, mechanized, and automatic welding. Covers
Order Code: G1.2 $52/$39 electrofusion, hot gas, socket fusion, butt contact fusion,
infrared, extrusion welding, and flow fusion welding process-
G1.6:2006, Specification for the es, as well as base materials, filler materials, qualification
Qualification of Plastics Welding variables, and testing requirements. Adopted by NBIC. 54
Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, pages, 21 figures, 12 tables (2012).
and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds Order Code: B2.4 $64/$48
Defines the qualification requirements for plastics welding
inspectors. 22 pages (2006).
Order Code G1.6 $52/$39

A distinguished panel of aluminum-industry experts will survey the state of the art
in aluminum welding technology and practice during this two-day conference.

September 18–19 • Seattle


www.aws.org/conferences or call (800) 443-9353, ext. 264. 25
Development and qualification of welding
procedures can be time-consuming and expensive.

BASE METAL THICKNESS PROCESS FILLER METAL CONDITION ORDER NO.


.
SHEET METAL
Carbon Steel 10 – 18 gauge GMAW-S ER70S-6 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-004:2002
CARBON STEEL

Carbon Steel 10 – 18 gauge GTAW ER70S-2 or -3 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-008:2002

Carbon Steel 10 – 18 gauge SMAW E6010 or E6013 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-012:2002

Galvanized Steel 10 – 18 gauge GMAW-S ER70S-6 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-003:2002
GALVANIZED

Galvanized Steel 10 – 18 gauge GTAW ER70S-2 or -3 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-007:2002
SHEET METAL

Galvanized Steel 10 – 18 gauge SMAW E6010 or E6013 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-011:2002

Carbon to Stainless 10 – 18 gauge GMAW-S ER309 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1/8-006:2002
M-1 TO M-8

Carbon to Stainless 10 – 18 gauge GTAW ER309 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1/8-010:2002

Carbon to Stainless 10 – 18 gauge SMAW E309-15,-16 or -17 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1/8-014:2002

Stainless Steel 10 – 18 gauge GMAW-S ER3XX As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-8-005:2002
STAINLESS

Stainless Steel 10 – 18 gauge GTAW ER3XX As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-8-009:2002

Stainless Steel 10 – 18 gauge SMAW E3XX-15,-16 or -17 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-8-013:2002

Aluminum 10 – 18 gauge GTAW ER4043 or R4043 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-22-015:2011
AL

PLATE (ALL STANDARDS BELOW ARE ADOPTED BY NATIONAL BOARD INSPECTION CODE )
Carbon Steel 3/16" – 7/8" GTAW ER70S-2 or -3 As-welded, with or w/o backing B2.1-1-002:1990(R2006)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW followed ER70S-2 & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-021:1994
by SMAW
Carbon Steel 3/16" – 3/4" SMAW E7016 & E7018 As-welded, with backing B2.1-1-001:1990(R2006)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-016:1994

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E6010 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-017:1994


CARBON STEEL

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E6010 & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-022:1994
PLATE

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E6010* & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-026:1994

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" FCAW, E71T-8 As-welded B2.1-1-018:1994


self-shielded
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1/2" FCAW, E71T-11 As-welded B2.1-1-027:2011
self-shielded
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" FCAW-G, CO2 E70T-1 or E71T-1 As-welded B2.1-1-019:1994
gas-shielded
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" FCAW-G, Ar-CO2 E70T-1 or E71T-1 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-020:1994
gas-shielded
Stainless Steel 1/16" – 1-1/2" GTAW ER3XX As-welded B2.1-8-024:2001(R2012)
STAINLESS

Stainless Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW followed ER3XX & E3XX-XX As-welded B2.1-8-025:2001(R2012)
by SMAW
Stainless Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E3XX-XX As-welded B2.1-8-023:1994

*Downhill progression on root pass. All other vertical position passes are uphill.
Specifications with order numbers indicated in red are adopted by ASME with additional requirements.

PRICES:
The user-license one-time fee for each SWPS is $186 ($248 for nonmembers).
AWS publishes Standard Welding Procedure Specifications (SWPSs), which are reviewed and validated by the
Welding Procedures Committee of the Welding Research Council. They are balloted through the AWS standards-
development program as American National Standards. Standard Welding Procedure Specifications may be used
on work covered by the AWS D1.1, Structural Welding Code—Steel with the engineer’s approval. The National Board
Inspection Code has adopted all pipe SWPSs except B2.1-1-202. SWPSs with red order numbers may be used on
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel work with additional requirements spelled out in Section IX of ASME Boiler &
Pressure Vessel Code. All licenses are good for unlimited intracompany applications.

26 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
Let AWS Standard Welding Procedure
Specifications (SWPSs) do the work for you.

BASE METAL THICKNESS PROCESS FILLER METAL CONDITION ORDER NO.

PRIMARILY PIPE
ALL STANDARDS BELOW ARE ADOPTED BY NATIONAL BOARD INSPECTION CODE, except B2.1-1-202
GMAW-S
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" followed by FCAW-G** ER70S-3 & E70T-1M, E71T-1M or -12M As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-232:2006
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GMAW-S followed by ER70S-3 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-233:2006
GMAW spray transfer***
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" FCAW-G, Ar-CO2 shielded E70T-1M, E71T-1M, or E71T-12M As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-234:2006

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GMAW spray transfer*** ER70S-3 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-235:2006

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW ER70S-2 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-207:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW followed ER70S-2 & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-209:1996(R2007)
by SMAW
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW, INMs-1 & ER70S-2 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-210:2001(R2012)
CARBON STEEL

consumable inserts
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW, consumable INMs-1, E70S-2 & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-211:2001(R2012)
inserts/SMAW
Carbon Steel 1/8" – 3/4" SMAW E6010 & E7018 As-welded B2.1-1-201:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 3/4" SMAW E6010* & E7018 As-welded B2.1-1-202:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 3/4" SMAW E6010 As-welded B2.1-1-203:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 3/4" SMAW E6010* As-welded B2.1-1-204:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E6010 & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-205:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E6010* & E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-206:1996(R2007)

Carbon Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E7018 As-welded or PWHT B2.1-1-208:1996(R2007)

Carbon to Stainless 1/16" – 1-1/2" GTAW ER309(L) As-welded B2.1-1/8-227:2002


PRIMARILY PIPE

Carbon to Stainless 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW followed


by SMAW ER309(L) & E309(L)-15,-16 or -17 As-welded B2.1-1/8-229:2002
M-1 TO M-8

Carbon to Stainless 1/16" – 1-1/2" GTAW,


consumable inserts IN309 and ER309(L) As-welded B2.1-1/8-230:2002
GTAW, consumable IN309, ER309 & E309-15,-16 or -17, As-welded
Carbon to Stainless 1/8" – 1-1/2" inserts/SMAW or ER309(L) &E309(L)-15,-16 or -17 B2.1-1/8-231:2002

Carbon to Stainless 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E309(L)-15,-16 or -17 As-welded B2.1-1/8-228:2002

Stainless Steel 1/16" – 1-1/2" GTAW ER3XX As-welded B2.1-8-212:2001(R2012)

Stainless Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW followed ER3XX & E3XX-XX As-welded B2.1-8-214:2001(R2012)
by SMAW
STAINLESS

Stainless Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW, IN3XX & ER3XX As-welded B2.1-8-215:2001(R2012)
consumable inserts
Stainless Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW, consumable IN3XX, ER3XX & E3XX-XX As-welded B2.1-8-216:2001(R2012)
inserts/SMAW
Stainless Steel 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E3XX-XX As-welded B2.1-8-213:1997(R2012)
As-welded (≤1/2") or
Cr-Mo (M-4/P-4) 1/8" – 3/4" GTAW ER80S-B2 PWHT (all thicknesses) B2.1-4-217:1999(R2009)
Cr-Mo (M-4/P-4) GTAW followed
1/8" – 1-1/2" by SMAW ER80S-B2 & E8018-B2 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-4-219:1999(R2009)
PWHT (all thicknesses)
Cr-Mo (M-4/P-4) 1/8" – 3/4" GTAW, IN515 & ER80S-B2 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-4-220:1999(R2009)
consumable inserts PWHT (all thicknesses)
Cr-Mo (M-4/P-4) 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW, consumable IN515, ER80S-B2, & E8018-B2 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-4-221:1999(R2009)
CHROME-MOLY STEEL

inserts/SMAW PWHT (all thicknesses)


Cr-Mo (M-4/P-4) 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E8018-B2 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-4-218:1999(R2009)
PWHT (all thicknesses)
Cr-Mo (M-5A/P-5A) 1/8" – 3/4" GTAW ER90S-B3 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-5A-222:1999(R2009)
PWHT (all thickness-
GTAW followed
Cr-Mo (M-5A/P-5A) 1/8" – 1-1/2" by ER90S-B3 & E9018-B3 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-5A-224:1999
SMAW PWHT (all thickness-
Cr-Mo (M-5A/P-5A) 1/8" – 3/4" GTAW, IN521 & ER90S-B3 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-5A-225:1999(R2009)
consumable inserts PWHT (all thicknesses)
Cr-Mo (M-5A/P-5A) 1/8" – 1-1/2" GTAW, consumable IN521, ER90S-B3, & E9018-B3 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-5A-226:1999
inserts/SMAW PWHT (all thicknesses)
Cr-Mo (M-5A/P-5A) 1/8" – 1-1/2" SMAW E9018-B3 As-welded (≤1/2") or B2.1-5A-223:1999(R2009)
PWHT (all thicknesses)

**FCAW limited to uphill progression only when welding in the vertical position.
***GMAW spray transfer limited to flat position only.

Most AWS publications are available for download, and can be previewed at www.aws.org/standards 27
Brazing & Soldering
C3.2M/C3.2:2008, Standard Method for C3.9M/C3.9:2009, Specification for
Evaluating the Strength of Brazed Joints Resistance Brazing
Describes the test methods used to obtain reliable data on the Minimum fabrication, equipment, material, and process proce-
strength of metal-to-metal, metal-to-nonmetal, and nonmetal- dure requirements for resistance brazing of steels, copper and
to-nonmetal joints. 42 pages, 16 figures, 4 tables (2008). alloys, and heat- and corrosion-resistant materials, and other
Order Code: C3.2 $60/$45 materials that can be resistance brazed. Criteria for classifying
C3.3:2008, Recommended Practices for the resistance-brazed joints based on loading and consequences of
Design, Manufacture, and Examination of failure, and quality assurance criteria. 24 pages (2009).
Critical Brazed Components Order Code: C3.9 $52/$39
Procedures that should be followed in the design, manufacture, C3.11M/C3.11:2011, Specification for
and examination of brazed joints to ensure reliability of critical Torch Soldering
components. 42 pages, 4 tables, 1 figure (2008). Describes relevant equipment, fabrication procedures, and qual-
Order Code: C3.3 $60/$45 ity (inspection) requirements for torch soldering. Includes joint
C3.4M/C3.4:2007, Specification for Torch classification criteria based on loading and consequences of fail-
Brazing ure, and quality assurance criteria for each class. 28 pages.
Provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, process proce- (2011).
dure requirements, and inspection requirements for the torch Order Code: C3.11 $52/$39
brazing of copper, copper alloys, heat and corrosion-resistant D10.13/D10.13M:2001, Recommended
alloys, and other materials that can be adequately torch brazed. Practices for the Brazing of Copper Tubing
24 pages (2007) and Fittings for Medical Gas Systems
Order Code: C3.4 $56/$42
Provides the minimum requirements for brazing of copper tub-
C3.5M/C3.5:2007, Specification for ing for medicalgas and vacuum distribution systems in health-
Induction Brazing care facilities. Contains criteria for preparation and cleanliness
The minimum fabrication, equipment, material, process proce- of materials and equipment, joint heating and filler metal
dure requirements, and inspection requirements for the induc- application techniques, and inspection and testing options. 20
tion brazing of steels, copper, copper alloys, and heat and pages, 1 figure, 3 tables (2001).
corrosion-resistant alloys and other materials that can be ade- Order Code: D10.13 $56/$42
quately induction brazed. Criteria for classifying induction Brazing Footprints
brazed joints based on loading and consequences of failure, and Collection of case studies in high-temperature brazing, com-
quality assurance criteria defining limits of acceptability of each piled from Robert L. Peaslee’s “Brazing Q&A” column in the
class. Defines acceptable induction brazing equipment, materi- Welding Journal from 1989 through 1999. 299 pages (2003).
als, and procedures, as well as required inspection for each class Order Code: BFP $160
of joint. 24 pages (2007)
Order Code: C3.5 $56/$42 International Brazing & Soldering
Conference Proceedings
C3.6M/C3.6:2008, Specification for 2012 proceedings on CD. 510 pages, 93 papers, CD-ROM.
Furnace Brazing Order Code: IBSC2012 $84/$63
Provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, material,
process procedure, and inspection requirements for the furnace 2009 proceedings in book form. 425 pages, 74 papers.
brazing of steels, copper, copper alloys, nickel, heat- and corro- Order Code: IBSC2009HC $100/$75
sion-resistant alloys, and other materials that can be adequate- 2009 proceedings on CD. 425 pages, 74 papers, CD-ROM.
ly furnace brazed. Provides criteria for classifying Order Code: IBSC2009 $84/$63
furnace-brazed joints based on loading and the consequences
of failure and quality assurance criteria defining the limits of 2006 proceedings. 414 pages, 68 papers, on CD-ROM.
Order Code: IBSC2006 $84/$63
acceptability in each class. 26 pages (2008).
Order Code: C3.6 $52/$39 2003 proceedings. 619 pages, 88 papers, on CD-ROM.
Order Code: IBSC2003 $84/$63
C3.7M/C3.7:2011, Specification for
Aluminum Brazing
The minimum fabrication, equipment, material, process Braze Safely See page 10.
procedure, and inspection requirements for the brazing of B2.2/B2.2M:2010, Specification for
aluminum by atmosphere furnace, vacuum furnace, and Brazing Procedure and Performance
flux processes. Criteria for classifying aluminum brazed Qualification See page 12.
joints based on loading and the consequences of failure and
quality assurance criteria defining the limits of acceptability B2.3/B2.3M:2008, Specification for
of each class. 32 pages (2011). Soldering Procedure and Performance
Order Code: C3.7 $56/$42 Qualification See page 12.
C3.8M/C3.8:2011, Specification for the A5.8M/A5.8:2011, Specification for Filler
Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Examination of Metals for Brazing and Braze Welding See
Brazed Joints page 33
Specifies requirements for the contact and immersion pulse-
A5.31M/A5.31:2012, Specification for
echo ultrasonic examination of brazed joints. Provides the
Fluxes for Brazing and Braze Welding See
minimum requirements for equipment, procedures, and the
page 33
documentation of such tests. 28 pages, 4 figures (2011).
Order Code: C3.8 $52/$39

28 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
Brazing Handbook Soldering Handbook
A comprehensive, organized Covers soldering fundamentals,
survey of the basics of braz- technology, materials, substrate
ing, processes, and applica- materials, fluxes, pastes, assembly
tions. Addresses the processes, inspection, and envi-
fundamentals of brazing, ronment. Covers today’s advanced
brazement design, brazing joining applications and empha-
filler metals and fluxes, safety sizes new materials, including
and health, and many other higher strength alloys; predictive
topics. A must-have for all performance; computer modeling; advanced inspection tech-
brazers, brazing engineers, and students. 740 pages, 36 niques; new processing concepts, including laser heating; and
chapters, 3 appendices, 308 figures, 116 reference tables, the resurgence in ultrasonic soldering. 579 pages, 299 fig-
fifth edition (2007). ures, 112 tables (1999).
Order Code: BRH $136/$102 Order Code: SHB $152/$114

PURCHASE BRAZING AND SOLDERING HANDBOOK CHAPTERS


Get valuable information from the Brazing Handbook and Soldering Handbook on specific topics
without the need to purchase the whole book. Individual chapters of both books are now available as a
PDF download from www.aws.org/standards. Nonmember price: $20 each; Member price: $15 each.
BRAZING HANDBOOK CHAPTERS
1: Basics of Brazing BHC1 $20/$15 26: Low-Carbon, Low-Alloy, and Tool Steels
2: Brazement Design BHC2 $20/$15 BHC26 $20/$15
3: Brazing Filler Metals BHC3 $20/$15 27: Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys
BHC27 $20/$15
4: Fluxes and Atmospheres BHC4 $20/$15
28: Nickel-Based and Cobalt-Containing Alloys
5: Precleaning and Surface Preparation
BHC28 $20/$15
BHC5 $20/$15
29: Precious Metals BHC29 $20/$15
6: Assembly and Fixturing BHC6 $20/$15
30: Reactive Metals: Titanium, Zirconium, and
7: Corrosion of Brazed Joints BHC7 $20/$15
Beryllum BHC30 $20/$15
8: Inspection of Brazed Joints BHC8 $20/$15
31: Refractory Metals: Niobium, Molybdenum,
9: Codes and Other Standards BHC9 $20/$15 Tantalum, and Tungsten BHC31 $20/$15
10: Safety and Health BHC10 $20/$15 32: Stainless Steels BHC32 $20/$15
11: Introduction to the Brazing Processes 33: Electron Tubes and Vacuum Equipment
BHC11 $20/$15 BHC33 $20/$15
12: Torch Brazing BHC12 $20/$15 34: Honeycomb Structures BHC34 $20/$15
13: Induction Brazing BHC13 $20/$15 35: Pipe and Tubing BHC35 $20/$15
14: Furnace Brazing BHC14 $20/$15 36: Diamond BHC36 $20/$15
15: Dip Brazing BHC15 $20/$15
16: Resistance Brazing BHC16 $20/$15 SOLDERING HANDBOOK CHAPTERS
17: Diffusion Brazing BHC17 $20/$15 1: Fundamentals of Soldering Technology
18: Other Brazing Processes BHC18 $20/$15 SHC1 $20/$15
19: Braze Welding BHC19 $20/$15 2: Solder Materials SHC2 $20/$15
20: Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys 3: Substrate Materials SHC3 $20/$15
BHC20 $20/$15 4: Fluxes SHC4 $20/$15
21: Graphite and Carbon-Carbon Composites 5: Solder Pastes SHC5 $20/$15
BHC21 $20/$15
6: Assembly Processes SHC6 $20/$15
22: Cemented Carbides and Cermets
7: Inspection Techniques for Product Acceptance
BHC22 $20/$15
and Process Optimization SHC7 $20/$15
23: Cast Iron BHC23 $20/$15
8: Environmental, Safety, and Health
24: Ceramics BHC24 $20/$15 SHC8 $20/$15
25: Copper and Copper Alloys BHC25 $20/$15

IBSC 2012 Virtual Conference

Produced by the American Welding Society and ASM International, the IBSC 2012 Virtual Conference offers convenient access
to 52 video presentations totaling more than 13 hours of educational content.
The IBSC technical program consists of presentations from leading researchers focusing on the latest advances in brazing
and soldering science and technology. The IBSC virtual conference contains presentations from NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center, Boise State University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Georgia Institute of
Technology, and Sandia National Laboratories. Cost is $400 for AWS members or $450 for nonmembers for 30 days of unlimit-
ed access. For more information or a sample presentation, please visit http://awo.aws.org/conferences/IBSC2012

29
Pipe & Tubing
D10.4-86R, Recommended Practices temperature and color matching. 42 pages, 5 figures, 13
for Welding Austenitic Chromium-Nickel tables (2008).
Order Code: D10.7 $60/$45
Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing
Detailed discussion of the metallurgical characteristics and D10.8-96, Recommended Practices
weldability of many grades of austenitic stainless steel used in for Welding of Chromium-Molybdenum
piping and tubing. The delta ferrite content as expressed by Steel Piping and Tubing
ferrite number (FN) is explained, and its importance in
Recommendations for welding chromium-molybdenum steel
minimizing hot cracking is discussed. Figures and tables
pipe and tubing to itself and to various other materials. Covered
illustrate recommended joint designs and procedures. Appendix
in detail are filler metal selection, joint design, preheating, and
A presents information on the welding of high-carbon stainless
postheating. Emphasis is placed on maintaining interpass
steel cast pipe fittings. 42 pages (Reaffirmed 2000).
temperature and dangers inherent in interrupted heating cycles.
Order Code: D10.4 $60/$45
18 pages, 1 figure, 4 tables (1996).
D10.6/D10.6M:2000, Recommended Order Code: D10.8 $48/$36
Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding D10.10/D10.10M:1999(R2009),
of Titanium Piping and Tubing Recommended Practices for Local
Incorporates results of research on the effects of atmospheric Heating of Welds in Piping and Tubing
exposure during welding. Provides coverage on power
Provides information on recommended practices, equipment,
sources, tungsten electrodes, titanium base metal grades,
temperature control, insulation, and advantages and
filler metals, joint design and preparation, pickling and
disadvantages for the methods presently available for local
cleaning, fitting and tacking, preweld cleaning, gas
heating of welded joints in pipe and tubing. 116 pages, 8
shielding, welding procedures and techniques, and preheat
annexes, 23 figures, 16 tables (Reaffirmed 2009).
and postweld heat treatment. 28 pages, 4 figures, 7 tables
Order Code: D10.10 $88/$66
(2000).
Order Code: D10.6 $52/$40 D10.11M/D10.11:2007, Guide for Root
Pass Welding of Pipe Without Backing
D10.7M/D10.7:2008, Guide for the Gas
Shielded Arc Welding of Aluminum and Presents guidelines for welding the root pass of metal pipe butt
Aluminum Alloy Pipe joints with an open root or a consumable insert. Joint designs,
assembly, consumable insert configurations, base metals, filler
A comprehensive guide for the selection of filler metals which metals, and purging are discussed. Applicable arc welding
incorporates all the important weld metal characteristics. 56 processes and techniques are described. 34 pages, 11 figures
different base metals and 13 filler metals are evaluated for (2007)
weldability, strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, service Order Code: D10.11 $56/$42

30
D10.12M/D10.12:2000, Guide for D10.18M/D10.18:2008, Guide for Welding
Welding Mild Steel Pipe Ferritic/Austenitic Duplex Stainless Steel
Contains recommended practices for welding piping systems of Piping and Tubing
sizes DN 200 (NPS 8) and under and wall thickness of 13mm Enables you to take advantage of the increased corrosion
(0.5 in) and under for low-pressure heating, air conditioning, resistance and higher mechanical strength of duplex stain-
refrigeration, and water supply, as well as some gas and less steels. The metallurgy of duplex stainless steels is
chemical systems. Covers carbon steels such as ASTM A 53, A explained and methods for obtaining a high-quality root
106, A 135, A 179, A 524, A 587, and API-5L, Grades A25, A and pass are given for manual, automatic and orbital welding.
B, and X42 joined using oxyacetylene, shielded metal arc, gas Provides guidance for the selection of joint types and dimen-
tungsten arc, gas metal arc, and flux cored arc welding. sions and filler metals. 34 pages, 5 tables, 5 figures (2008).
Explains techniques for preheating, joint preparation, Order Code: D10.18 $56/$42
alignment and positioning, fittings, and root and hot passes.
Does not address the needs of pipe steels or service conditions The Practical Reference Guide for
which may require post weld heat treatment. 48 pages, 19 Welding Inspection Management—
line drawings and photographs, 10 tables (2000). Visual Inspection of Pressure Vessels
Order Code: D10.12 $56/$42 and Pressure Piping
A planning survey for visual inspectors new to major in-service
D10.13/D10.13M:2001, Recommended inspections of pressure vessels or pressure piping. Contains an
Practices for the Brazing of Copper annex on discontinuities. 32 pages (1999).
Tubing and Fittings for Medical Gas Order Code: PRGVT $52/$39
Systems See page 28.
D18.1/D18.1M:2009, Specification for
D10.14M/D10.14:2010, Guide for Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube
Multipass Orbital Machine Pipe Groove and Pipe Systems in Sanitary (Hygienic)
Welding Applications See page 31.
Extensive guidance on multipass orbital machine pipe
groove welding for both plant and transmission applications. D18.2:2009, Guide to Weld Discoloration
76 pages, 29 figures, 1 table (2010). Levels on Inside of Austenitic Stainless
Order Code: D10.14 $76/$57 Steel Tube See page 31.
COMING SOON: D10.17M:2012, Guide for F4.1:2007, Safe Practices for the
Welding Tubular Steel Vehicle Structures Preparation of Containers and Piping for
Covers low-carbon steels and chromium-molybdenum steel Welding and Cutting See page 8.
tubing and components with a maximum wall thickness of 3 For pipe welding Standard Welding Procedure Specifications (SWPSs),
see page 27
mm intended for limited production tubular frame vehicles
such as race cars.
Order Code: D10.17 CALL FOR PRICE

Food Processing Systems


D18.1/D18.1M:2009, Specification for D18.3/D18.3M:2005, Specification for
Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube Welding of Tanks, Vessels, & Other Equipment
and Pipe Systems in Sanitary (Hygienic) in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications
Applications Covers issues not addressed by D18.1, including welding of car-
Specifies requirements for gas tungsten arc welding of bon steels, stainless steels, and nickel alloys for construction of
austenitic stainless steel tube and pipe at least 1/4 inch (6 new tanks and other equipment. Includes welding of pipe to
mm) diameter in the fabrication of sanitary processing sanitary equipment. 38 pages, 3 nonmandatory annexes, 2
systems for handling products for human and animal figures, 3 tables (2005).
consumption. May also be applied to maintenance of food Order Code: D18.3 $56/$42
processing equipment. Addresses procedure and performance
qualification, fabrication, visual examination requirements,
and documentation. 34 pages, 2 figures (2009).
Order Code: D18.1 $56/$42

D18.2:2009, Guide to Weld Discoloration Fully searchable


Levels on Inside of Austenitic Stainless Welding Journals
Steel Tube
Laminated sheet with color photograph showing degrees of col-
from 1919 to
oration on the inside of an austenitic stainless steel tube with 2011 are now
increasing amounts of oxygen in the backing shielding gas. available in their
Suitable as a specifying tool and visual examination guide. entirety on DVDs
(2009).
81⁄2” X 11”
Order Code: D18.2 $40/$30
13” X 19” See page 37
Order Code: D18.2XL $52/$39

Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING 31
Consumables
A4.2M:2006 (ISO 8249: 2000 MOD), filler metal specifications clearly, concisely, and completely,
Standard Procedures for Calibrating including heat, lot, testing, and certification requirements.
Magnetic Instruments to Measure the 38 pages, 12 tables (2008).
Delta Ferrite Content of Austenitic and Order Code: A5.01 $60/$45
Duplex Ferritic-Austenitic Stainless Steel A5.02/A5.02M:2007, Specification for
Weld Metal Filler Metal Standard Sizes, Packaging,
56 pages, 17 figures, 14 tables, 7 annexes (2006). and Physical Attributes
Order Code: A4.2 $60/$45 Prescribes size, package, appearance, and identification
requirements for filler metals for solid, tubular, bare, covered,
A4.3-93 (R2006), Standard Methods for and strip electrodes used in fusion processes, but not brazing,
Determination of the Diffusible Hydrogen braze welding, thermal spraying, or granular products such
Content of Martensitic, Bainitic, and Ferritic as SAW fluxes. 28 pages, 4 figures, 4 tables (2007).
Steel Weld Metal Produced by Arc Welding Order Code: A5.02 $60/$45
26 pages (Reaffirmed 2006).
Order Code: A4.3 $60/$45 FMC:2000, Filler Metal Comparison Charts
Contains:
A4.4M:2001 (R2006), Standard • 83 national and international suppliers, with their mailing
Procedures for Determination of Moisture address, telephone, fax, and Web site address.
Content of Welding Fluxes and Welding • Handy indexes arranged by classification numbers (1,500)
Electrode Flux Coverings and brand names (11,000) for finding information quickly.
32 pages, 4 figures, 3 tables (Reaffirmed 2006). • AWS classifications used as “chapters.”
Order Code: A4.4 $60/$45 494 pages (2000).
Order Code: FMC $168/$126
NEW ADOPTION: A4.5M/A4.5:2012 (ISO
15792-3:2011 MOD), Standard Methods IFS:2002, International Index of Welding
for Classification Testing of Positional Filler Metal Classifications
Capacity and Root Penetration of Welding 55 pages, 4 figures, 42 tables (2002). CD-ROM only.
Consumables in a Fillet Weld Order Code: IFS CD $52/$39
24 pages, 3 figures (2012).
Order Code: A4.5 $60/$45 User’s Guide to Filler Metals
Contains user information on the filler materials contained
A5.01M/A5.01:2008 (ISO 14344:2002 in the A5 Filler metal classification standards. Provides guid-
MOD), Procurement Guidelines for ance on welding considerations and applications for the con-
Consumables–Welding and Allied sumables covered. 178 pages, 22 tables, 7 figures (2010).
Processes–Flux and Gas Shielded Order Code: UGFM $112/$84
Electrical Welding Processes
Essential to today’s purchaser. Describes how to state required

AWS Filler
AWS Filler Metal
Metal Specificationsby
Specifications byMaterial
Material and
andWelding
WeldingProcess
Process
GTAW
OFW SMAW GMAW FCAW SAW ESW EGW BRAZING THERMAL
PAW SPRAYING

Carbon Steel A5.2 A5.1 !s! ! A5.17 A5.25 ! !s! C2.25

Low-Alloy Steel A5.2 A5.5 !s! ! ! A5.25 ! !s! C2.25

Stainless Steel A5.4 A5.9 A5.22 A5.9 A5.9 A5.9 !s! C2.25

Cast Iron A5.15 A5.15 A5.15 A5.15 !s!

Nickel Alloys A5.11 A5.14 ! A5.14 A5.14 !s! C2.25

Aluminum Alloys ! A5.10 !s! C2.25

Copper Alloys ! A5.7 !s! C2.25

Titanium Alloys ! !s!

Zirconium Alloys A5.24 !s!

Magnesium Alloys A5.19 !s!

Tungsten Electrodes A5.12

Brazing Alloys and Fluxes !s!

Surfacing Alloys A5.21 ! A5.21 A5.21 A5.21 C2.25

Consumable Inserts !

Shielding Gases ! ! !

Ceramics C2.25

32 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
Save when you buy multiple A5 Filler Metal Specs
These crucial specifications give the purchaser and distributor of filler metals a dependable, efficient recognition system. The
classifications defined in these standards allow you to identify filler metals uniformly, without consideration of manufacturers’
trade names or brand names. AWS A5 Filler Metal Specifications are ANSI Approved and Dept. of Defense Adopted.
Price each . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$60/$45
Purchase 5 at a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Take 5% off
Purchase 10 at a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Take 10% off
Purchase 15 at a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Take 15% off
Purchase 20 at a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Take 20% off
Purchase 25 at a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Take 25% off

AWS A5 Filler Metal Specifications ORDER CODE


NEW! A5.1/A5.1M:2012 Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (approx. 60 pages) A5.1
A5.2/A5.2M:2007 Specification for Carbon and Low Alloy Steel Rods for Oxyfuel Gas Welding (26 pages) A5.2
A5.3/A5.3M:1999(R2007) Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Electrodes for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding (28 pages) A5.3
A5.4/A5.4M:2006 Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (52 pages) A5.4
A5.5/A5.5M:2006 Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (54 pages) A5.5
A5.6/A5.6M:2008 Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Electrodes for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding (36 pages) A5.6
A5.7/A5.7M:2007 Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Bare Welding Rods and Electrodes (30 pages) A5.7
A5.8M/A5.8:2011 Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing and Braze Welding (60 pages) A5.8
NEW! A5.9/A5.9M:2012 Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding Electrodes and Rods (44 pages) A5.9
A5.10/A5.10M:1999(R2007) Specification for Bare Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy
Welding Electrodes and Rods (40 pages) A5.10
A5.11/A5.11M:2010 Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Welding
Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (42 pages) A5.11
A5.12M/A5.12:2009 Specification for Tungsten and Tungsten-Alloy
(ISO 6848:2004 MOD) Electrodes for Arc Welding and Cutting (36 pages) A5.12
A5.13/A5.13M:2010 Specification for Surfacing Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (42 pages) A5.13
A5.14/A5.14M:2011 Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Bare Welding Electrodes and Rods (40 pages) A5.14
A5.15-90 (R2006) Specification for Welding Electrodes and Rods for Cast Iron (32 pages) A5.15
A5.16/A5.16M:2007 Specification for Titanium and Titanium-Alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods (36 pages) A5.16
A5.17/A5.17M-97(R2007) Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Fluxes
for Submerged Arc Welding (40 pages) A5.17
A5.18/A5.18M:2005 Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Rods for Gas
Shielded Arc Welding (42 pages) A5.18
A5.19-92(R2006) Specification for Magnesium Alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods (26 pages) A5.19
A5.20/A5.20M:2005 Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding (48 pages) A5.20
A5.21/A5.21M:2011 Specification for Bare Electrodes and Rods for Surfacing (40 pages) A5.21
NEW! A5.22/A5.22M:2012 Specification for Stainless Steel Flux Cored and Metal
Cored Welding Electrodes and Rods (approx. 66 pages) A5.22
A5.23/A5.23M:2011 Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and Fluxes
for Submerged Arc Welding (58 pages) A5.23
A5.24/A5.24M:2005 Specification for Zirconium and Zirconium-Alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods (18 pages) A5.24
A5.25/A5.25M-97(R2009) Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel
Electrodes and Fluxes for Electroslag Welding (34 pages) A5.25
A5.26/A5.26M-97(R2009) Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes
for Electrogas Welding (34 pages) A5.26
A5.28/A5.28M:2005 Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and Rods
for Gas Shielded Arc Welding (46 pages) A5.28
A5.29/A5.29M:2010 Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding (60 pages) A5.29
A5.30/A5.30M:2007 Specification for Consumable Inserts (36 pages) A5.30
NEW! A5.31M/A5.31:2012 Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and Braze Welding (36 pages) A5.31
A5.32M/A5.32:2011 Welding Consumables—Gases and Gas Mixtures for
(ISO 14175:2008 MOD) Fusion and Allied Processes (42 pages) A5.32
A5.34/A5.34M:2007 Specification for Nickel Alloy Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding (40 pages) A5.34
NEW! A5.36/A5.36M:2012 Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Flux Cored Electrodes for Flux Cored
Arc Welding and Metal Cored Electrodes for Metal Arc Welding (64 pages) A5.36
C2.25/C2.25M:2002 Specification for Thermal Spray Feedstock—Solid and
Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods (26 pages) C2.25

Most AWS publications are available for download, and can be previewed at www.aws.org/standards 33
Automotive Aerospace
D8.1M:2007, Specification for D17.1/D17.1M:2010, Specification for
Automotive Weld Quality—Resistance Fusion Welding for Aerospace
Spot Welding of Steel Applications
Establishes acceptance criteria for resistance spot welds in Specifies general welding requirements for welding aircraft
autos fabricated from steels, including Advanced High and space hardware. Includes fusion welding of aluminum-
Strength Steels. 38 pages, 24 figures, 4 tables (2007). based, nickel-based, iron-based, cobalt-based, magnesium-
Order Code: D8.1 $56/$42 based, and titanium-based alloys using arc and high energy
beam welding processes. Includes sections on design of
D8.6:2005, Specification for Automotive welded connections, personnel and procedure qualification,
Resistance Spot Welding Electrodes fabrication, inspection, repair of existing structures and
Supplement to RWMA Bulletin 16, Resistance Welding nonflight hardware acceptance. Additional requirements
Equipment Standards. Specifies chemical composition, cover repair welding of existing hardware. 98 pages, 7
physical requirements, dimensions, and identification of var- annexes, commentary, 33 figures, 18 tables (2011).
ious shapes and nose configurations of electrodes, electrode Order Code: D17.1 $160/$120
caps, and cap-adaptor shanks used in the automotive indus-
try. Annexes describe recommended electrode material for D17.2/D17.2M:2007, Specification for
spot welding similar and dissimilar metals, and standard Resistance Welding for Aerospace
gauges for confirmation of RWMA electrode tapers. 98 pages, Applications
8 annexes, 47 figures, 37 tables (2006). Requirements for aerospace resistance spot and seam weld-
Order Code: D8.6 $80/$60 ing of aluminum, magnesium, steel, nickel, cobalt, titani-
um, and their alloys. Intended to replace MIL-W-6858D and
D8.7M:2005, Recommended Practices for AMS-W-6858A. 42 pages, 13 figures, 13 tables (2007).
Automotive Weld Quality – Resistance Order Code: D17.2 $60/$45
Spot Welding
Presents recommended practices and criteria for evaluating D17.3/D17.3M:2010, Specification for
resistance spot welds typical of automotive sheet steel appli- Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloys
cations. Contains weld characteristics, metrics, and testing for Aerospace Applications
methods useful in evaluating spot welding quality on coated Requirements for designing, welding and inspecting alu-
and uncoated automotive sheet steels of all strength levels minum aerospace hardware with the friction stir welding
and compositions. The test methods are designed to assess process. Intended to replace MIL-STD-1595A and MIL-STD-
static and dynamic properties of automotive sheet steel welds. 2219. 54 pages, 28 figures, 5 tables (2009).
28 pages, 18 figures, 3 tables (2005). Order Code: D17.3 $64/$48
Order Code: D8.7 $52/$39
D8.8M:2007, Specification for Automotive Marine
Weld Quality—Arc Welding of Steel
Provides the minimum quality requirements for arc welding of D3.5-93R, Guide for Steel Hull Welding
various types of automotive and light truck components. Covers Best practical methods to weld steel hulls for ships, barges,
the arc and hybrid arc welding of coated and uncoated steels. mobile offshore drilling units, and other marine vessels.
26 pages, 17 figures (2007). Includes information on steel plates, shapes, castings, and
Order Code: D8.8 $52/$39 forgings, their selection, and their weldability. 118 pages,
72 illustrations, 9 tables (Reaffirmed 2000).
NEW EDITION: D8.9M:2012, Test Methods Order Code: D3.5 $88/$66
for Evaluating the Resistance Spot
Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet D3.6M:2010, Underwater Welding Code
Steel Materials Covers the requirements for the underwater welding of struc-
Helps predict performance of sheet steel that is resistance spot tures or components in wet and dry environments at one-
welded for use in auto manufacturing. Also addresses equip- atmosphere and ambient atmospheres. Includes
qualification and inspection requirements. 142 pages, 48
ment setup, electrode installation and dressing, electrode
figures, 13 tables (2010).
endurance testing, current level and range assessment, weld
Order Code: D3.6 $100/$75
property testing, current break-through testing, and design of
experiments testing. 124 pages, 47 figures, 22 tables D3.7:2004, Guide for Aluminum Hull
(2012). Welding
Order Code: D8.9 $92/$69 Guidance on proven processes, techniques, and procedures
for welding aluminum hulls and related ship structures.
D8.14M:2008, Specification for Applies chiefly to aluminum hulls over 30 ft. (9 m) long and
Automotive Weld Quality—Arc Welding of made of sheet and plate 3/16 in. (4.8 mm) thick and
Aluminum greater. Sections on hull materials, construction prepara-
Covers the arc welding of automotive and light truck compo- tion, welding equipment and processes, procedure and per-
nents that are manufactured from aluminum alloys. 32 formance qualification, welding techniques, and safety. 86
pages, 18 figures, 3 tables (2008). pages (2004).
Order Code: D8.14 $56/$42 Order Code: D3.7 $76/$57

D10.17M:2010, Guide for Welding Tubular D3.9:2010, Specification for Classification


Steel Vehicle Structures See page 27. of Weld-Through Paint Primers
Specifies the classification requirements for weld-through
paint primers for paint manufacturers, based on the maxi-
D14.3/D14.3M:2010, Specification for mum coating thickness and welding procedure used in test-
Welding Earthmoving, Construction, and ing. 20 pages (2010).
Agricultural Equipment See page 31. Order Code: D3.9 $52/$39

34 Lesser price shown is for AWS members. Always get the best price from the source: 888-WELDING
Machinery
D14.1/D14.1M:2005, Specification for particle, liquid penetrant), repair, and post weld treatments.
Welding of Industrial and Mill Cranes and Describes the effect of weld joint geometry, welding practices, and
Other Material Handling Equipment quality control on allowable stress levels, and provides practices
Specifies requirements for welding of all principal structural for qualification and examination of welded joints in machinery
weldments and all primary welds used to manufacture cranes and equipment fabrication. Contains figures and tables with
for industrial, mill, powerhouse, and nuclear facilities. Applies prequalified joint details, nondestructive examination
to other overhead material-handling machinery and techniques, and weld-inspection criteria. Approx. 135 pages
equipment that support and transport loads within the design (2012).
rating, vertically or horizontally, during normal operations. Order Code: D14.4 CALL FOR PRICE
When agreed upon between owner and manufacturer, it may D14.5/D14.5M:2009, Specification for
apply to loading caused by abnormal operations or Welding of Presses and Press Components
environmental events, such as seismic loading. All provisions Presents the current minimum standards and guidelines for the
apply to strengthening and repairing of existing overhead welded fabrication and repair of presses and press components.
cranes and material handling equipment. Contains figures Addresses classification, weld joint design, stresses, tolerances,
and tables with prequalified joint details, allowable stress welder qualification, and a welding quality program. 158
ranges, stress categories, and nondestructive examination pages, 69 figures, 24 tables, 3 forms (2009).
techniques. Does not apply to construction or crawler cranes or Order Code: D14.5 $104/$78
welding of rails. 150 pages, 60 figures, 21 tables (2005).
Order Code: D14.1 $104/$78 NEW EDITION: D14.6/D14.6M:2012,
D14.3/D14.3M:2010, Specification for Specification for Welding of Rotating
Welding Earthmoving, Construction, and Elements of Equipment
Specifies requirements for weld joint detail and welding of
Agricultural Equipment
rotating elements in new equipment of a few inches to over 200
For self-propelled, on- and off-highway machinery and agri-
inches (5 m) in diameter. Also applies to modification or repair
cultural equipment. Specifies requirements for structural
welding of rotating elements in existing equipment. Equipment
welds used in the manufacture and repair of crawlers, tractors,
types covered by this specification include crushers, fans, gears,
graders, loaders, off-highway trucks, power shovels, backhoes,
crankshafts, flywheels, centrifugal impellers, kilns, air moving
mobile cranes, draglines, and other heavy earthmoving, con-
devices, and blowers. Includes sections on materials, welding
struction, and agricultural equipment. Provides exhaustive
processes, procedure and performance qualification, fabrication
illustrations of prequalified complete and partial penetration
requirements, inspection and quality control, modification and
welded joints (butt, corner, T-, or combination) for shielded
repair. Contains a useful updated table on ferrous and
metal arc welding, submerged arc welding, gas metal arc
nonferrous material groupings for procedure qualification. Not
welding, and flux cored arc welding. Includes variables for
applicable to steam or combustion turbine rotors or blading,
prequalified fillet welds. Annexes include “Recommended
camshafts, or power transmission shafts. 86 pages, 10 tables,
Practices for Treatment of Shielded Metal Arc and Flux Cored
19 figures (2012).
Arc Electrodes.” Tables include “Weldability Classification—
Order Code: D14.6 $76/$57
Typical Steel Products” and “Minimum Preheat and Interpass
Temperatures.” 94 pages, 22 figures, 13 tables (2010). D14.7/D14.7M:2005, Recommended
Order Code: D14.3 $80/$60 Practices for Surfacing and
Heavy Machinery Design Bundle Reconditioning of Industrial Mill Rolls
Package of D14.3/D14.3M:2010, Specification for Welding Provides guidance on surfacing, repair, and reconditioning of
Earthmoving, Construction, and Agricultural Equipment, industrial mill rolls in the heavy metals, paper, plastic, and lumber
and B2.1:/B2.1M:2009, Specification for Welding Procedure industries. Emphasizes the use of submerged arc welding, but also
and Performance Qualification (see page 12). Individual addresses gas metal arc welding, and flux cored arc welding, with
catalog prices would be $320/$240. Save $48/$36. suitable modifications. Applicable to electroslag cladding. Covers
Order Code: BUNDLE E:2012 $272/$204 welding, postweld heat treating, finish machining, inspection, and
record keeping. Provides detailed guidelines, tables, figures, and
NEW EDITION: D14.4/D14.4M:2012, forms for use in establishing documented, qualified Welding
Specification for the Design of Welded Procedure Specifications. 66 pages, 20 figures, 13 tables (2005).
Joints in Machinery and Equipment Order Code: D14.7 $68/$52
Specifies common acceptance criteria for carbon and low-alloy
steel welded joints in machines and equipment subject to static D14.8M:2009(ISO/TR 17844:2004 IDT),
and dynamic loading. Covers classification of welded joints, weld Standard Methods for the Avoidance of
joint design, workmanship, quality control requirements and Cold Cracks See page 24.
procedures, welding operator and procedure qualification, weld
joint inspection (visual, radiographic, ultrasonic, magnetic

Railroad
NEW EDITION: D15.1/D15.1M:2012, D15.2:2003, Recommended Practices for
Railroad Welding Specification for Cars the Welding of Rails and Related Rail
and Locomotives Components for Use by Rail Vehicles
Specifies requirements for the manufacture and maintenance Covers the joining, repair, maintenance, and inspection of rail
of railroad equipment. Includes procedure and performance welds, and welding of related components. Processes include
qualification, including welder operator and tack welder qual- thermite welding and flash welding. Contains a special annex
ification, design of welded joints, inspection, and acceptance on welding austenitic manganese steel. 48 pages, annex,
criteria. Not applicable to tank car tanks or rails. Approx. 234 charts and figures (2003).
pages, 7 appendices, 85 figures, 33 tables (2012). Order Code: D15.2 $60/$45
Order Code: D15.1 CALL FOR PRICE
35
Resistance Welding
RWMA Bulletin #5: Resistance Welding A10.1M:2007, Specification for
Control Standard Calibration and Performance Testing of
Discusses weld controls, timing diagrams, input/output con- Secondary Current Sensing Coils and
nections, SCR sizing, and terminal markings. Explains voltage Weld Current Monitors Used in Single-
compensation and other critical performance standards, plus Phase AC Resistance Welding
safety, construction, installation, and operation standards. 62 Methods for testing performance of Rogowski-type air core
pages, (1994). current sensing coils (CSC) and weld current monitors used
Order Code: RW5 $55/$42 in the measurement of single-phase AC resistance welding
currents. Definitions relevant to this measurement are
RWMA Bulletin #14: Maintenance Manual included. CSC and system tests and calibration methods are
for Resistance Welding Machines detailed. Detailed information to available to the user is pre-
Explains installation, maintenance, and operation of a resist- scribed.54 pages, 15 figures, 5 tables, (2007).
ance welding machine’s electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic and Order Code: A10.1 $64/$48
cooling systems. Includes a trouble-shooting section. Useful for
maintenance personnel and operators. (1996). NEW EDITION: C1.1M/C1.1:2012,
Order Code: RW14 $38/$29 Recommended Practices for Resistance
Welding See page 22.
RWMA Bulletin #16: Resistance Welding
Equipment Standards C1.4M/C1.4:2009, Specification for
RWMA standards for welding equipment, including electrical, Resistance Welding of Carbon and Low-
electrode, and fluid-power standards. (1996). Alloy Steels See page 22.
Order Code: RW16 $150/$115
C1.5:2009, Specification for the
RWMA Bulletin #34: Manufacturer’s Cross Qualification of Resistance Welding
Reference of Standard Resistance Welding Technicians See page 12.
Electrode Numbers and Alloys
An extensive cross-reference of standard resistance welding elec- C3.9M/C3.9:2009, Specification for
trodes and alloys recognized by the RWMA. 13 pages, (1997). Resistance Brazing See page 28.
Order Code: RW34 $39/$30
D8.1M:2007, Specification for Automotive
RWMA Resistance Welding Manual, Weld Quality—Resistance Spot Welding of
Revised Fourth Edition Steel See page 34.
The latest and most complete compilation of basic information
on resistance welding available anywhere. 468 pages, 25 D8.6:2005, Specification for Automotive
chapters, 2 appendices (including an index), 308 figures, Resistance Spot Welding Electrodes
85 tables. 83/4" x 111/4", (2003). See page 34.
Order Code: RWM $125/$94
D8.7M:2005, Recommended Practices for
Introduction to Resistance Welding Video Automotive Weld Quality – Resistance
Comprehensive training video illustrates technique, control, and Spot Welding See page 34.
application. Covers spot, projection, seam, and flash/butt weld-
ing. Explains basic principles, machine components and setup, NEW EDITION: D8.9M:2012, Test Methods
electrodes, tooling, controls, and transformers. Ideal for class- for Evaluating the Resistance Spot
room and seminar use, and for introducing a company’s person- Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet
nel to resistance welding. DVD, 52 minutes, (1999). Steel Materials See page 34.
Order Code: RWVID $125/$94
D17.2/D17.2M:2007, Specification for
The Professional’s Advisor on Resistance Welding for Aerospace
Resistance Welding Applications See page 34.
This fits-in-a-briefcase book accompanies the busiest
professionals on resistance welding worksites. Addresses welding Resistance Welding Pocket Handbook
definitions, resistance welding electrodes, spot and seam Portable basic information and do’s and don’ts. Common
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A1.1:2001, Metric Practice Guide welding fabricators. Because this document is not a consensus
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Explains the base, supplementary, and derived International application. 28 pages, 8" x 10" (1997).
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Order Code: A1.1 $60/$45 industry. 768 pages, CD-ROM or 8" x 10" best copy
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A2.4:2012 (Book) and A2.1:2012-WC & DC (Charts) Welding Metallurgy, Carbon and Alloy
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Larger Wall Chart (36" x 27") Written by the late George E. Linnert, one of America’s most
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Nondestructive Examination available, 964 pages, 10 appendices, 248 figures, 62
Establishes a method of specifying certain welding, brazing, tables, 7" x 10”, fourth edition (1994).
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symbols. Contains detailed information and examples for the Total Welding Management
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and nondestructive examination, as well as the examination R. Barckhoff, P.E. gives a step-by-step plan to maximize the
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Order Code: A2.4 $156/$117 Explains the management principles, structure, and details
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Alphabetical glossary of over 1,400 standard terms and defini- The Industrial Hobarts
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37
Subject Index
AEROSPACE CERTIFICATION
D17.1/D17.1M Specification for Fusion Welding for Aerospace CM Certification Manual for Welding Inspectors . . . . . . . .13
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 CMWS Certified Welding Supervisor Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D17.2/D17.2M Specification for Resistance Welding for QC1 Standard for AWS Certification of Welding Inspectors 14
Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
QC4 Standard for Accreditation of Test Facilities for
D17.3/D17.3M Specification for Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum AWS Certified Welder Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Alloys for Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
QC5 Standard for AWS Certification of Welding Educators 14
ALUMINUM QC7 Standard for AWS Certified Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
B2.1-22-015 Standard Welding Procedure Specification QC10 Specification for Qualification and Registration
(Aluminum) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 of Level I — Entry Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
C3.7M/C3.7 Specification for Aluminum Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 QC11 Specification for Qualification and Certification
D1.2/D1.2M Structural Welding Code—Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 for Level II — Advanced Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D3.7 Guide for Aluminum Hull Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 QC12 Specification for Qualification and Certification
D8.14M Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—Arc for Level III — Expert Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Welding of Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 QC13 Specification for the Certification of Welding
D10.7M/D10.7 Guide for the Gas Shielded Arc Welding of Supervisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Pipe . . . . . . . . . . .30 QC14 Specification for the Certification of Welding
D17.3/D17.3M Specification for Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Sales Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Alloys for Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 QC15 Specification for the Certification of
PHB-8 The Everyday Pocket Handbook for Gas Metal Radiographic Interpreters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Arc Welding (GMAW) of Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 QC17 Specification for AWS Accreditation of
PRGQA The Practical Reference Guide for High Quality Certified Welding Fabricators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Fusion Welding of Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 QC19 Standard for the AWS Certification of Robotic
PRGWA The Practical Reference Guide to Welding Arc Welding Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Aluminum in Commercial Applications . . . . . . . . .17 QC20 Standard for the AWS Certification of Resistance
WQA Welding Aluminum–Questions and Answers . . . . . . .17 Welding Technicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
AUTOMOTIVE CHARTS
D8.1M Specification for Automotive Weld Quality— A2.1 WC & DC Welding Symbol Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Resistance Spot Welding of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 A3.1 Master Chart of Welding and Joining Processes . . . .37
D8.6 Specification for Automotive Resistance Spot D1.1-SWJ-WC Welded Joint Details Wall Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Welding Electrodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 D18.2 Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of
D8.7M Recommended Practices for Automotive Weld Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Quality – Resistance Spot Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .34 F2.2 Lens Shade Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D8.8M Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—Arc CORROSION RESISTANCE
Welding of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
C2.20/C2.20M Specification for Thermal Spraying Zinc Anodes
D8.9M Recommended Practices for Test Methods for on Steel Reinforced Concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Evaluating the Resistance Spot Welding
Behavior of Automotive Sheet Steel Materials . . . .34 C2.23M/C2.23 Specification for the Application of Thermal
Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum,
D8.14M Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—Arc Zinc, and Their Alloys and Composites for the
Welding of Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Corrosion Protection of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
D14.3/D14.3M Specification for Welding Earthmoving, Construction, PRGC The Practical Reference Guide for Corrosion of
and Agricultural Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Welds—Causes and Cures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
BRAZING AND BRAZE WELDING PRGHF The Practical Reference Guide for Hardfacing . . . . . . . . .20
A5.8M/A5.8 Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing and
Braze Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 CUTTING (SEE ALSO OXYFUEL WELDING AND CUTTING)
A5.31M/A5.31 Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and A5.12M/A5.12 Specification for Tungsten and Tungsten-Alloy
Braze Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 (ISO 6848 MOD) Electrodes for Arc Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . .33
B2.2/B2.2M Specification for Brazing Procedure and AWS Arc Welding and Cutting Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 C4.6M Thermal Cutting—Classification of Thermal
BFP Brazing Footprints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 (ISO 9013 IDT) Cuts—Geometric Product Specification
and Quality Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
BRH Brazing Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
C5.3 Recommended Practices for Air Carbon Arc
BRS Braze Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Gouging and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
C3.2M/C3.2 Standard Method for Evaluating the Strength C5.10/C5.10M Recommended Practices for Shielding Gases
of Brazed Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 for Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
C3.3 Recommended Practices for the Design, Manufacture, C7.2 Recommended Practices for Laser Beam
and Examination of Critical Brazed Components . .28 Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . .21
C3.4M/C3.4 Specification for Torch Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 F4.1 Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers
C3.5M/C3.5 Specification for Induction Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 and Piping for Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
C3.6M/C3.6 Specification for Furnace Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 FSW Fire Safety in Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
C3.7M/C3.7 Specification for Aluminum Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 PCWC Preparing Containers for Welding or Cutting . . . . . . .10
C3.8M/C3.8 Specification for the Pulse-Echo Ultrasonic DESIGN
Examination of Brazed Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
DPW Design and Planning Manual for
C3.9M/C3.9 Specification for Resistance Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Cost-Effective Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
D9.1M/D9.1 Sheet Metal Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 FWSH Design Handbook for Calculating Fillet Weld Sizes . .37
D10.13/D10.13M Recommended Practices for the Brazing of Copper
Tubing and Fittings for Medical Gas Systems . . . .31 EDUCATION AND TRAINING (SEE ALSO REFERENCE)
IBSC International Brazing & Soldering Conference API M Study Guide for API Standard 1104 . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 CCRM Code Clinic–Structural Welding Code–Steel . . . . . . . . . .13
BRIDGES CM Certification Manual for Welding Inspectors . . . . . . . . . .13
D1.5M/D1.5 Bridge Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 CMWS Certified Welding Supervisor Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
CARBON STEEL EG2.0 Curriculum Guide for Training and Qualification
of Welding Personnel: Entry Welder . . . . . . . . . . . .13
A5.1/A5.1M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes
for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 EG3.0 Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding
Personnel: Level II – Advanced Welders . . . . . . . . .13
A5.2/A5.2M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel
Rods for Oxyfuel Gas Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 EG4.0 Guide for the Training and Qualification of
Welding Personnel: Level III—Expert Welders . . . . . . . .13
A5.17/A5.17M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and
Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .33 GWF Guide for Setting Up a Welder Training Facility . . . . . . . .13
A5.18/A5.18M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes QC5 AWS Standard for Certification of Welding Educators 14
and Rods for Gas Shielded Arc Welding . . . . . . . . .33 VIW-M Visual Inspection Workshop Reference Manual . . . . . . . .13
A5.20/A5.20M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for WIT-T Welding Inspection Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Flux Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 WIT-W Welding Inspection Technology Workbook . . . . . . . . .16
GTW Guide to Weldability: Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels . .17 ELECTRODES (SEE FILLER METALS)
CAST IRON ELECTROGAS WELDING
A5.15 Specification for Welding Electrodes and Rods A5.25/A5.25M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel
for Cast Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Electrodes and Fluxes for Electroslag Welding . . . .33
D11.2 Guide for Welding Iron Castings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 A5.26/A5.26M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel
Electrodes for Electrogas Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

38
Subject Index
C5.7 Recommended Practices for Electrogas Welding . . .22 IFS CD International Index of Welding Filler Metal
Classifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
ELECTRON BEAM WELDING
UGFM User’s Guide to Filler Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
C7.1M/C7.1 Recommended Practices for Electron Beam Welding 21
C7.3 Process Specification for Electron Beam Welding . . .21
FILLER METALS AND FLUXES FLUX CORED ARC WELDING (SEE GAS METAL ARC)
A4.2M Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic FLUXES (SEE FILLER METALS AND FLUXES)
(ISO 8249 MOD) Instruments to Measure the Delta Ferrite
Content of Austenitic and Duplex Ferritic- FOOD PROCESSING SYSTEMS
Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal . . . . . . . . . .32 D18.1 Specification for Welding of Austenitic Stainless
A4.3 Standard Methods for Determination of the Steel Tube and Pipe Systems in Sanitary
Diffusible Hydrogen Content of Martensitic, (Hygienic) Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Bainitic, and Ferritic Steel Weld Metal D18.2 Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of
Produced by Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
A4.4M Standard Procedures for Determination of D18.3/D18.3M Specification for Welding of Tanks, Vessels, and Other
Moisture Content of Welding Fluxes and Equipment in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications . . . .31
Welding Electrode Flux Coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 FRICTION WELDING
A4.5M/A4.5 Standard Methods for Classification Testing of C6.1 Recommended Practices for Friction Welding . . . . . . . . .24
(ISO 15792-3 MOD) Positional Capacity and Root Penetration of C6.2/C6.2M Specification for Friction Welding of Metals . . . . . . . . . . .24
Welding Consumables in a Fillet Weld . . . . . . . . . .32
D17.3/D17.3M Specification for Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum
A5.01M/A5.01 Procurement Guidelines for Consumables– Alloys for Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
(ISO 14344 MOD) Welding and Allied Processes–Flux and Gas
Shielded Electrical Welding Processes . . . . . . . . . .32 GAS METAL ARC WELDING
A5.02/A5.02M Specification for Filler Metal Standard Sizes, PHB-4 Everyday Pocket Handbook for Gas Metal Arc Welding
Packaging, and Physical Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . .32 (GMAW) and Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) . . . . .15
A5.1/A5.1M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for PHB-8 Everyday Pocket Handbook for Gas Metal
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Arc Welding (GMAW) of Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
A5.2/A5.2M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING
Rods for Oxyfuel Gas Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
A5.22 Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for
A5.3/A5.3M Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Flux Cored Arc Welding and Stainless Steel
Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . .33 Flux Cored Rods for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding . . .33
A5.4/A5.4M Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for C5.5/C5.5M Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
A5.5/A5.5M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for D10.6/D10.6M Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Welding of Titanium Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . .30
A5.6/A5.6M Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Elec-
trodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . .33 GOUGING (SEE CUTTING)
A5.7/A5.7M Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Bare HEALTH (SEE SAFETY AND HEALTH)
Welding Rods and Electrodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 INSPECTION
A5.8M/A5.8 Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing and B1.10M/B1.10 Guide for the Nondestructive Examination of Welds .16
Braze Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
A5.9/A5.9M Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding B1.11 Guide for the Visual Examination of Welds . . . . . . . .16
Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 B4.0 Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of
A5.10/A5.10M Specification for Bare Aluminum and Welds, U.S. Customary Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Aluminum-Alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . .33 B4.0M Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of
A5.11/A5.11M Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Welding Welds, Metric Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . .33 C3.3 Recommended Practices for the Design, Manufacture,
A5.12M/A5.12 Specification for Tungsten and Tungsten-Alloy and Examination of Critical Brazed Components . .28
(ISO 6848 MOD) Electrodes for Arc Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . .33 C3.8M/C3.8 Specification for the Pulse-Echo Ultrasonic
A5.13/A5.13M Specification for Surfacing Electrodes for Examination of Brazed Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 D18.2 Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of
A5.14/A5.14M Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Bare Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 G1.2M/G1.2 Specification for Standardized Ultrasonic
A5.15 Specification for Welding Electrodes and Rods Welding Test Specimen for Thermoplastics . . . . . . . . .25
for Cast Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 G1.6 Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding
A5.16/A5.16M Specification for Titanium and Titanium-Alloy Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds . . . . . . . . . .25
A5.17/A5.17M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and PHB-2 Everyday Pocket Handbook for Visual Inspection and
Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Weld Discontinuities—Causes and Remedies . . . .15
A5.18/A5.18M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and PHB-6 Everyday Pocket Handbook for Visual Inspection
Rods for Gas Shielded Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .33 of AWS D1.1 Structural Welding Code’s Fabrication
and Welding Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
A5.19 Specification for Magnesium Alloy Welding PRG The Practical Reference Guide for Radiographic
Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Inspection Acceptance Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
A5.20/A5.20M Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for PRGVT The Practical Reference Guide for Welding
Flux Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Inspection Management— Visual Inspection
A5.21/A5.21M Specification for Bare Electrodes and Rods of Pressure Vessels and Pressure Piping . . . . . . . .31
for Surfacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 QC1 Standard for AWS Certification of Welding Inspectors 14
A5.22/A5.22M Specification for Stainless Steel Flux Cored and Metal QC15 Specification for the Certification of
Cored Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . .33 Radiographic Interpreters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
A5.23/A5.23M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes RIT Radiographic Interpreter Textbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding . . . . . . . . .33
A5.24/A5.24M Specification for Zirconium and Zirconium-Alloy VIW-M Visual Inspection Workshop Reference Manual . . . . . . . . .13
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 WI Welding Inspection Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
A5.25/A5.25M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel WIT-T Welding Inspection Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Electrodes and Fluxes for Electroslag Welding . . . .33 WIT-W Welding Inspection Technology Workbook . . . . . . . .16
A5.26/A5.26M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel LASER BEAM WELDING
Electrodes for Electrogas Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C7.2M Recommended Practices for Laser Beam
A5.28/A5.28M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . .21
and Rods for Gas Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . .33
C7.4/C7.4M Process Specification and Operator
A5.29/A5.29M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes Qualification for Laser Beam Welding . . . . . . . . . .21
for Flux Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
A5.30/A5.30M Specification for Consumable Inserts . . . . . . . . . . . .33 MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
A5.31M/A5.31 Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and Braze D14.1/D14.1M Specification for Welding of Industrial and Mill Cranes
Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 and Other Material Handling Equipment . . . . . . . .35
A5.32M/A5.32 Welding Consumables—Gases & Gas Mixtures for D14.3/D14.3M Specification for Welding Earthmoving,
(ISO 14175 MOD) Fusion & Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Construction, and Agricultural Equipment . . . . . . .35
A5.34/A5.34M Specification for Nickel-Alloy Electrodes D14.4/D14.4M Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery
for Flux Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
A5.36/A5.36M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Flux D14.5/D14.5M Specification for Welding of Presses and
Cored Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding and Press Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Metal Cored Electrodes for Metal Arc Welding . . . .33 D14.6/D14.6M Specification for Welding of Rotating Elements
FMC Filler Metal Comparison Charts (Book) . . . . . . . . . . .32 of Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

39
Subject Index
D14.7/D14.7M Recommended Practices for Surfacing and B2.3/B2.3M Specification for Soldering Procedure and
Reconditioning of Industrial Mill Rolls . . . . . . . . . .35 Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
D14.8M Standard Methods for the Avoidance of Cold Cracks .24 B2.4 Specification for Welding Procedure and
Performance Qualification for Thermoplastics . . . .25
MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS
B5.1 Specification for the Qualification of Welding
DPW Design and Planning Manual for Inspectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Cost-Effective Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
B5.2 Specification for the Qualification of Welding
TIH The Industrial Hobarts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Inspector Specialists and Welding Inspector
TWM Total Welding Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Assistants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
MARINE B5.4 Specification for the Qualification of Welder
D3.5 Guide for Steel Hull Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Test Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
D3.6M Underwater Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 B5.5 Specification for the Qualification of
Welding Educators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
D3.7 Guide for Aluminum Hull Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
B5.9 Specification for the Qualification of Welding
D3.9 Specification for Classification of Supervisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Weld-Through Paint Primers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
B5.14 Specification for the Qualification of Welding
METALLURGY Sales Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
PRGWM The Practical Reference Guide to Welding B5.15 Specification for the Qualification of
Metallurgy: Key Concepts for Weldability . . . . . . . .17 Radiographic Interpreters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
WM1.4 Welding Metallurgy, Carbon and Alloy Steels, B5.16 Specification for the Qualification of Welding
Volume 1, Fundamentals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Engineers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
NICKEL B5.17 Specification for the Qualification of Welding
G2.1M/G2.1 Guide for the Joining of Wrought Nickel-Based Alloys17 Fabricators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
C1.5 Specification for the Qualification of Resistance
OXYFUEL WELDING AND CUTTING Welding Technicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
C4.1 SET Criteria for Describing Oxygen-Cut Surfaces, and C2.16/C2.16M Guide for Thermal-Spray Operator Qualification . . . .18
Oxygen Cutting Surface Roughness Gauge . . . . . .22
C7.4/C7.4M Process Specification and Operator
C4.2/C4.2M Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Qualification for Laser Beam Welding . . . . . . . . . .21
Cutting Torch Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
D16.4M/D16.4 Specification for the Qualification of Robotic
C4.3/C4.3M Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Arc Welding Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Heating Torch Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
G1.6 Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding
C4.4/C4.4M Recommended Practices for Heat Shaping and Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and
Straightening with Oxyfuel Gas Heating Torches . .22 Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds . . . . . . . . . .25
C4.5M Uniform Designation System for Oxyfuel Nozzles . . .22 PAPQV The Professional’s Advisor on Procedure
C4.6M Thermal Cutting — Classification of Thermal Qualification Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Cuts — Geometric Product Specification
and Quality Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 RADIOGRAPHY (SEE ALSO INSPECTION)
OWS Oxyfuel Gas Welding, Cutting, and Heating Safely . . .10 B5.15 Specification for the Qualification of
Radiographic Interpreters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
PIPING AND TUBING PRG The Practical Reference Guide for Radiographic
D10.4 Recommended Practices for Welding Austenitic Inspection Acceptance Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel QC15 Specification for the Certification of
Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Radiographic Interpreters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D10.6/D10.6M Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc RIT Radiographic Interpreter Textbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Welding of Titanium Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . .30
D10.7M/D10.7 Guide for the Gas Shielded Arc Welding of RAILROADS
Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Pipe . . . . . . . . . . .30 D15.1/D15.1M Railroad Welding Specification for
D10.8 Recommended Practices for Welding of Chromium- Cars and Locomotives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Molybdenum Steel Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . .30 D15.2 Recommended Practices for the Welding of Rails and
D10.10/D10.10M Recommended Practices for Local Heating of Related Rail Components for Use by Rail Vehicles 35
Welds in Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 REFERENCE
D10.11M/D10.11 Guide for Root Pass Welding of Pipe A1.1 Metric Practice Guide for the Welding Industry . . . . .37
Without Backing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
A2.4 Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and
D10.12M/D10.12 Guide for Welding Mild Steel Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Nondestructive Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
D10.13/D10.13M Recommended Practices for the Brazing of Copper A3.0M/A3.0 Standard Welding Terms and Definitions . . . . . . . . .37
Tubing and Fittings for Medical Gas Systems . . . .28
A3.1 Master Chart of Welding and Joining Processes . . . .37
D10.14M/D14.10 Guide for Multipass Orbital Machine Pipe Groove . . . . .
Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 JWE Jefferson’s Welding Encyclopedia . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
D10.18M/D10.18 Guide for Welding Ferritic/Austenitic Duplex PHB-5 The Everyday Pocket Handbook on Metric
Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Practices for the Welding Industry . . . . . . . . . . . .15
D18.1 Specification for Welding of Austenitic PRGP Practical Reference Guide to Positioning . . . . . . . . . .16
Stainless Steel Tube and Pipe Systems in WJ-XXXX Welding Journal DVDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 WHB-X.X Welding Handbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
D18.2 Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of RESISTANCE WELDING AND BRAZING
Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
A10.1M Specification for Calibration and Performance testing of
F4.1 Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers Secondary Current Sensing Coils and Weld Monitors
and Piping for Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 used in Single-Phase AC Resistance Welding . . . .36
PRGVT The Practical Reference Guide for Welding C1.1M/C1.1 Recommended Practices for Resistance Welding . . .22
Inspection Management—Visual Inspection
of Pressure Vessels and Pressure Piping . . . . . . . .31 C1.4M/C1.4 Specification for Resistance Welding of
Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
PLASTICS C1.5 Specification for the Qualification of
B2.4 Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance Resistance Welding Technicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Qualification for Thermoplastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 C3.9M/C3.9 Specification for Resistance Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
G1.1M/G1.1 Guide to Ultrasonic Assembly of Thermoplastics . . . .25 D8.1M Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—
G1.2M/G1.2 Specification for Standardized Ultrasonic Resistance Spot Welding of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Welding Test Specimen for Thermoplastics . . . . . . . . .25 D8.6 Specification for Automotive Resistance Spot
G1.6 Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding Welding Electrodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, D8.7M Recommended Practices for Automotive Weld
and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds . . . . . .25 Quality – Resistance Spot Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .34
G1.10M Guide for the Evaluation of Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, D17.2/D17.2M Specification for Resistance Welding for
and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds . . . . . .25 Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
POWER SOURCES PARW The Professional’s Advisor on Resistance Welding . .34
PAPS The Professional’s Advisor on Arc Welding RWM Resistance Welding Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Power Sources and Related Equipment . . . . . . . .37 RWPH Resistance Welding Pocket Handbook . . . . . . . . . . .34
QUALIFICATION: PROCEDURES AND PERSONNEL RWVID Introduction to Resistance Welding Video . . . . . . . . .34
B2.1/B2.1M Specification for Welding Procedure and RW5,14, 16, 34 RWMA Bulletins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 QC20 Specification for AWS Certification of Resistance
B2.1-X Standard Welding Procedure Specifications . . . .26-27 Welding Technicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
B2.1/B2.1M-BMG Base Metal Grouping for Welding Procedure ROBOTIC WELDING
and Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
AWR Arc Welding with Robots: Do’s and Don’ts . . . . . . . .25
B2.2 Standard for Brazing Procedure and
Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 D16.1M/D16.1 Specification for Robotic Arc Welding Safety . . . . . . . .8

40
Subject Index
D16.2M/16.2 Guide for Components of Robotic and G2.3M/G2.3 Guide for the Joining of Wrought Solid Solution
Automatic Arc Welding Installations . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Austenitic Stainless Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
D16.3M/ D16.3 Risk Assessment Guide for Robotic Arc Welding . . . .8 PASS The Professional’s Advisor on Welding of
D16.4M/D16.4 Specification for the Qualification of Robotic Stainless Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Arc Welding Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 STEEL
PRGP Practical Reference Guide to Positioning . . . . . . . . . .16 ASTMSW ASTM Standards for Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
QC19 Standard for the AWS Certification of Robotic PHB-1 The Everyday Pocket Handbook for Arc
Arc Welding Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Welding Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
SAFETY AND HEALTH STRUCTURAL WELDING
AWN Arc Welding and Cutting Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 ASTMSW ASTM Standards for Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
AWR Arc Welding with Robots: Do’s and Don’ts . . . . . . . .25 D1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code—Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
AWS Arc Welding and Cutting Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 D1.1-BI The Official Book of D1.1 Interpretations . . . . . . . . . .4
BRS Braze Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 D1.1 CCRM Code Clinic for Study of AWS D1.1 Structural
CAWF Characterization of Arc Welding Fume . . . . . . . . . . .10 Welding Code—Steel, Reference Manual . . . . . . .13
D16.3M/D16.3 Risk Assessment Guide for Robotic Arc Welding . . . .25 D1.1-SWJ-WC Welded Joint Details Wall Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
EWH-1 thru 14 Effects of Welding on Health, Vol. I through XIII . . . . . . . .10 D1.2/D1.2M Structural Welding Code—Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . .4
F1.1M Method for Sampling Airborne Particulates D1.3/D1.3M Structural Welding Code—Sheet Steel . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Generated by Welding and Allied Processes . . . . . .8 D1.4/D1.4M Structural Welding Code—Reinforcing Steel . . . . . . .4
F1.2M Laboratory Method for Measuring Fume D1.5M/D1.5 Bridge Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Generation Rates and Total Fume Emission D1.6/D1.6M Structural Welding Code—Stainless Steel . . . . . . . . .4
of Welding and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D1.7/D1.7M Guide to Repair and Strengthening of Existing
F1.3 A Sampling Strategy Guide for Evaluating Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Contaminants in the Welding Environment . . . . . . . . . . .8
D1.8/D1.8M Structural Welding Code—Seismic Supplement . . . . .4
F1.5M Methods for Sampling and Analyzing Gases
from Welding and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 D1.9/D1.9M Structural Welding Code—Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
F1.6 Guide for Estimating Welding Emissions for PHB-3 The Everyday Pocket Handbook on Welded
EPA and Ventilation Permit Reporting . . . . . . . . . . .8 Joint Details for Structural Applications . . . . . . . .15
F2.2 Lens Shade Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 PHB-6 The Everyday Pocket Handbook for Visual
Inspection of D1.1 Structural Welding Code’s
F2.3M Specification for Use and Performance of Fabrication & Welding Requirements . . . . . . . . . .15
Transparent Welding Curtains and Screens . . . . . . .8
STUD WELDING
F3.2M/F3.2 Ventilation Guide for Weld Fume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code—Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
F4.1 Safe Practices for the Preparation of
Containers and Piping for Welding and Cutting . . . .8 D1.2/D1.2M Structural Welding Code—Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . .4
FSW Fire Safety in Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 D1.5M/D1.5 Bridge Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
FUMES & GASES Fumes and Gases in the Welding Environment . . . . .10 D1.6/D1.6M Structural Welding Code—Stainless Steel . . . . . . . . .4
LVOS Laboratory Validation of Ozone Sampling with SURFACING (SEE ALSO THERMAL SPRAYING)
Spill-Proof Impingers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 A5.13/A5.13M Specification for Surfacing Electrodes for
OWS Oxyfuel Gas Welding, Cutting, and Heating Safely . . .10 Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
PCWC Preparing Containers for Welding or Cutting . . . . . .10 A5.21/A5.21M Specification for Bare Electrodes and Rods
SGSH The Independent Shop’s Guide to Welding for Surfacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Safety and Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 SYMBOLS
SHF Safety and Health Fact Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 A2.4 Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and
SP Safe Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Nondestructive Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
ULR Ultraviolet Reflectance of Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 TERMINOLOGY
Z49.1 Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes . . . . . . . .8 A3.0M/A3.0 Standard Welding Terms and Definitions . . . . . . . . .37
SHEET METAL TESTING (SEE INSPECTION)
B2.1-X Standard Welding Procedure Specifications . . . . . . .26 THERMAL SPRAYING
D1.2/D1.2M Structural Welding Code—Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . .4 C2.16/C2.16M Guide for Thermal-Spray Operator Qualification . . . .18
D1.3/D1.3M Structural Welding Code—Sheet Steel . . . . . . . . . . . .4 C2.18 Guide for the Protection of Steel with Thermal
D9.1M/D9.1 Sheet Metal Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Sprayed Coatings of Aluminum and Zinc and
Their Alloys and Composites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING C2.20/C2.20M Specification for Thermal Spraying Zinc Anodes
PHB-7 The Everyday Pocket Handbook for Shielded on Steel Reinforced Concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 C2.21M/C2.21 Specification for Thermal Spray Equipment
SHIELDING GASES Acceptance Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
A5.32/A5.32M Specification for Welding Shielding Gases . . . . . . . .33 C2.23M/C2.23 Specification for the Application of Thermal
Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum,
C5.10/C5.10M Recommended Practices for Shielding Gases Zinc, and Their Alloys and Composites for the
for Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Corrosion Protection of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
SOLDERING C2.25/C2.25M Specification for Thermal Spray Feedstock—
SHB Soldering Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Solid and Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods . . . .33
B2.3/B2.3M Specification for Soldering Procedure and TSM Thermal Spray Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 TSS Thermal Spraying Practice, Theory and Application .18
C3.11M/C3.11 Specification for Torch Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 THERMITE WELDING
STAINLESS STEEL D15.2 Recommended Practices for the Welding of
A4.2M Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic Rails and Related Rail Components for
Instruments to Measure the Delta Ferrite Use by Rail Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Content of Austenitic and Duplex Ferritic- TITANIUM
Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal . . . . . . . . . .32 A5.16/A5.16M Specification for Titanium and Titanium-Alloy
A5.4/A5.4M Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 D1.9/D1.9M Structural Welding Code—Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
A5.9/A5.9M Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding D10.6/D10.6M Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc
Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Welding of Titanium Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . .30
A5.22/A5.22M Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for G2.4/G2.4M Guide for the Fusion Welding of Titanium and
Flux Cored Arc Welding and Stainless Steel Flux Titanium Alloys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Cored Rods for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding . . . . . . .33
PRGT The Practical Reference Guide to
B2.1-X Standard Welding Procedure Specifications . . . .26-27 Welding Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
D1.6/D1.6M Structural Welding Code—Stainless Steel . . . . . . . . .4
D10.4 Recommended Practices for Welding Austenitic
WELDING CURTAINS AND SCREENS
Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Piping and F2.3M Specification for Use and Performance of Transparent
Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Welding Curtains and Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D10.18M/D10.18 Guide for Welding Ferritic/Austenitic Duplex ZINC COATINGS
Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 WZC Welding Zinc-Coated Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
D18.1 Specification for Welding of Austenitic Stainless ZIRCONIUM
Steel Tube and Pipe Systems in Sanitary
(Hygienic) Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 G2.5/G2.5M Guide for the Fusion Welding of Zirconium and
Zirconium Alloys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
D18.2 Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of
Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

41
Index of Standards by Code Number
A1.1—Metric Practice Guide for the Welding Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 A10.1M—Specification for Calibration and Performance Testing of
A2.1—Welding Symbol Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Secondary Current Sensing Coils and Weld Monitors Used in
Single-Phase AC Resistance Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
A2.4—Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and Nondestructive
Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 B1.10M/B1.10—Guide for the Nondestructive Examination of Welds .16
A3.0M/A3.0—Standard Welding Terms and Definitions . . . . . . . . . . .37 B1.11—Guide for the Visual Examination of Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
A3.1—Master Chart of Welding and Joining Processes . . . . . . . . . . . .37 B2.1-X—Standard Welding Procedure Specifications . . . . . . . . . . .26-27
A4.2M (ISO 8249 MOD)—Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic B2.1/B2.1M—Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance
Instruments to Measure the Delta Ferrite Content of Austenitic and Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Duplex Ferritic-Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal . . . . . . . . . .32 B2.1/B2.1M-BMG—Base Metal Grouping for Welding Procedure and
A4.3—Standard Methods for Determination of the Diffusible Hydrogen Performance Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Content of Martensitic, Bainitic, and Ferritic Steel Weld Metal B2.2/B2.2M—Specification for Brazing Procedure and Performance
Produced by Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
A4.4M—Standard Procedures for Determination of Moisture Content B2.3/B2.3M—Specification for Soldering Procedure and Performance
of Welding Fluxes and Welding Electrode Flux Coverings . . . . . . . .32 Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
A4.5M/A4.5 (ISO 15792-3 MOD)—Standard Methods for Classification B2.4—Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance
Testing of Positional Capacity and Root Penetration Qualification for Thermoplastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
of Welding Consumables in a Fillet Weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 B4.0—Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of Welds, U.S.
A5.01M/A5.01 (ISO 14344 MOD)—Procurement Guidelines for Customary Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Consumables–Welding and Allied Processes–Flux and Gas B4.0M—Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of Welds, Metric
Shielded Electrical Welding Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
A5.02/A5.02M—Specification for Filler Metal Standard Sizes, B5.1—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Inspectors . . . . . .12
Packaging, and Physical Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
B5.2—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Inspector
A5.1/A5.1M—Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Shielded Specialists and Welding Inspector Assistants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
B5.4—Specification for the Qualification of Welder Test Facilities . . . .12
A5.2/A5.2M—Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Rods for
Oxyfuel Gas Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 B5.5—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Educators . . . . . .12
A5.3/A5.3M—Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy B5.9—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Supervisors . . . . .12
Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 B5.14—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Sales
A5.4/A5.4M—Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 B5.15—Specification for the Qualification of Radiographic Interpreters . . .12
A5.5/A5.5M—Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for B5.16—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Engineers . . . . .12
Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
B5.17—Specification for the Qualification of Welding Fabricators . . . .12
A5.6/A5.6M—Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Electrodes
for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C1.1M/C1.1—Recommended Practices for Resistance Welding . . . . .22
A5.7/A5.7M—Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Bare C1.4M/C1.4—Specification for Resistance Welding of Carbon and
Welding Rods and Electrodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Low-Alloy Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
A5.8M/A5.8—Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing and C1.5—Specification for the Qualification of Resistance Welding
Braze Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Technicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
A5.9/A5.9M—Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding C2.16/C2.16M—Guide for Thermal-Spray Operator Qualification . . . .18
Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C2.18—Guide for the Protection of Steel with Thermal Sprayed
A5.10/A5.10M—Specification for Bare Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Coatings of Aluminum and Zinc and Their Alloys and Composites .18
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C2.20/C2.20M—Specification for Thermal Spraying Zinc Anodes on
A5.11/A5.11M—Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Steel Reinforced Concrete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Welding Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C2.21M/C2.21—Specification for Thermal Spray Equipment
A5.12M/A5.12 (ISO 6848 MOD)—Specification for Tungsten and Acceptance Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Tungsten-Alloy Electrodes for Arc Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . .33 C2.23M/C2.23—Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray
A5.13/A5.13M—Specification for Surfacing Electrodes for Shielded Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and Their Alloys and
Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
A5.14/A5.14M—Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Bare C2.25/C2.25M—Specification for Thermal Spray Feedstock—Solid
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 and Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
A5.15—Specification for Welding Electrodes and Rods for Cast Iron . .33 C3.2M/C3.2—Standard Method for Evaluating the Strength of Brazed
Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
A5.16/A5.16M—Specification for Titanium and Titanium-Alloy
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C3.3—Recommended Practices for the Design, Manufacture, and
Examination of Critical Brazed Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
A5.17/A5.17M—Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Fluxes
for Submerged Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C3.4M/C3.4—Specification for Torch Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
A5.18/A5.18M—Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Rods C3.5M/C3.5—Specification for Induction Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
for Gas Shielded Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C3.6M/C3.6—Specification for Furnace Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
A5.19—Specification for Magnesium Alloy Welding Electrodes and C3.7M/C3.7—Specification for Aluminum Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C3.8M/C3.8—Specification for the Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Examination
A5.20/A5.20M—Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Flux of Brazed Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C3.9M/C3.9—Specification for Resistance Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
A5.21/A5.21M—Specification for Bare Electrodes and Rods for C3.11M/C3.11—Specification for Torch Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Surfacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C4.1 SET—Criteria for Describing Oxygen-Cut Surfaces, and
A5.22/A5.22M—Specification for Stainless Steel Flux Cored Oxygen Cutting Surface Roughness Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
and Metal Cored Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C4.2/C4.2M—Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Cutting
A5.23/A5.23M—Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and Torch Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C4.3/C4.3M—Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Heating
A5.24/A5.24M—Specification for Zirconium and Zirconium-Alloy Torch Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Welding Electrodes and Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C4.4/C4.4M—Recommended Practices for Heat Shaping and
A5.25/A5.25M—Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Straightening with Oxyfuel Gas Heating Torches . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Electrodes and Fluxes for Electroslag Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C4.5M—Uniform Designation System for Oxyfuel Nozzles . . . . . . . . . .22
A5.26/A5.26M—Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel
Electrodes for Electrogas Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C4.6M (ISO 9013 IDT)—Thermal Cutting—Classification of Thermal
Cuts—Geometric Product Specification and Quality Tolerances . .22
A5.28/A5.28M—Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and
Rods for Gas Shielded Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C5.3—Recommended Practices for Air Carbon Arc Gouging & Cutting .22
A5.29/A5.29M—Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Flux C5.5/C5.5M—Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding 22
Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C5.7—Recommended Practices for Electrogas Welding . . . . . . . . . . .22
A5.30/A5.30M—Specification for Consumable Inserts . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C5.10/C5.10M—Recommended Practices for Shielding Gases for
A5.31M/A5.31—Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and Braze Welding .33 Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
A5.32M/A5.32 (ISO 14175 MOD)—Welding Consumables—Gases C6.1—Recommended Practices for Friction Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
& Gas Mixtures for Fusion & Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C6.2/C6.2M—Specification for Friction Welding of Metals . . . . . . . . . .24
A5.34/A5.34M—Specification for Nickel-Alloy Electrodes for Flux C7.1M/C7.1—Recommended Practices for Electron Beam Welding . .21
Cored Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
C7.2M—Recommended Practices for Laser Beam Welding,
A5.36/A5.36M—Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Cutting, and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Flux Cored Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding and
Metal Cored Electrodes for Metal Arc Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 C7.3—Process Specification for Electron Beam Welding . . . . . . . . . . .21

42
C7.4/C7.4M—Process Specification and Operator Qualification for D17.1/D17.1M—Specification for Fusion Welding for
Laser Beam Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
D1.1/D1.1M—Structural Welding Code—Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 D17.2/D17.2M—Specification for Resistance Welding for Aerospace
D1.2/D1.2M—Structural Welding Code—Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
D1.3/D1.3M—Structural Welding Code—Sheet Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 D17.3/D17.3M—Specification for Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum
Alloys for Aerospace Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
D1.4/D1.4M—Structural Welding Code—Reinforcing Steel . . . . . . . . .4
D18.1—Specification for Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel
D1.5M/D1.5—Bridge Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Tube and Pipe Systems in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications . . . . . .31
D1.6/D1.6M—Structural Welding Code—Stainless Steel . . . . . . . . . . .4 D18.2—Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of Austenitic
D1.7/D1.7M—Guide to Repair & Strengthening of Existing Structures . .4 Stainless Steel Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
D1.8/D1.8M—Structural Welding Code–Seismic Supplement . . . . . . . .4 D18.3/D18.3M—Specification for Welding of Tanks, Vessels, and
OtherEquipment in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications . . . . . . . . . . .31
D1.9/D1.9M—Structural Welding Code—Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
EG2.0—Curriculum Guide for Training and Qualification of Welding
D3.5—Guide for Steel Hull Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Personnel: Entry Welder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
D3.6M—Underwater Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 EG3.0—Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel:
D3.7—Guide for Aluminum Hull Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Level II – Advanced Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
D3.9—Specification for Classification of Weld-Through Paint Primers .34 EG4.0—Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel:
D8.1M—Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—Resistance Spot Level III—Expert Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Welding of Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 EWH-1 thru 14—Effects of Welding on Health, Vol. I through XIII . . . . .10
D8.6—Specification for Automotive Resistance Spot Welding F1.1M—Method for Sampling Airborne Particulates Generated by
Electrodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Welding and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D8.7M—Recommended Practices for Automotive Weld Quality – F1.2M—Laboratory Method for Measuring Fume Generation Rates and
Resistance Spot Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Total Fume Emission of Welding and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . .8
D8.8M—Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—Arc Welding of F1.3—A Sampling Strategy Guide for Evaluating Contaminants in the
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Welding Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D8.9M—Recommended Practices for Test Methods for Evaluating the F1.5M—Methods for Sampling and Analyzing Gases from Welding
Resistance Spot Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet Steel and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 F1.6—Guide for Estimating Welding Emissions for EPA and Ventilation
D8.14M—Specification for Automotive Weld Quality—Arc Welding of Permit Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 F2.2—Lens Shade Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D9.1M/D9.1—Sheet Metal Welding Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 F2.3M—Specification for Use and Performance of Transparent
D10.4—Recommended Practices for Welding Austenitic Chromium- Welding Curtains and Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Nickel Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 F3.2M/F3.2—Ventilation Guide for Weld Fume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D10.6/D10.6M—Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc F4.1—Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for
Welding of Titanium Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Welding and Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D10.7M/D10.7—Guide for the Gas Shielded Arc Welding of Aluminum G1.1M/G1.1—Guide to Ultrasonic Assembly of Thermoplastics . . . . . .25
and Aluminum Alloy Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
G1.2M/G1.2—Specification for Standardized Ultrasonic Welding Test
D10.8—Recommended Practices for Welding of Chromium- Specimen for Thermoplastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Molybdenum Steel Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
G1.6—Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding Inspectors
D10.10/D10.10M—Recommended Practices for Local Heating of for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic
Welds in Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
D10.11M/D10.11—Guide for Root Pass Welding of Pipe Without G1.10M—Guide for the Evaluation of Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and
Backing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
D10.12M/D10.12—Guide for Welding Mild Steel Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 G2.1M/G2.1—Guide for the Joining of Wrought Nickel-Based Alloys . .17
D10.13/D10.13M—Recommended Practices for the Brazing of G2.3M/G2.3—Guide for the Joining of Wrought Solid Solution
Copper Tubing and Fittings for Medical Gas Systems . . . . . . . . . .28 Austenitic Stainless Steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
D10.14M/D14.10—Guide for Multipass Orbital Machine Pipe G2.4/G2.4M—Guide for the Fusion Welding of Titanium and Titanium
Groove Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Alloys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
D10.18M/D10.18—Guide for Welding Ferritic/Austenitic Duplex G2.5/G2.5M—Guide for the Fusion Welding of Zirconium and Zirconium
Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Alloys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
D11.2—Guide for Welding Iron Castings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 QC1—Standard for AWS Certification of Welding Inspectors . . . . . . . .14
D14.1/D14.1M—Specification for Welding of Industrial and Mill QC4—Standard for Accreditation of Test Facilities for AWS Certified
Cranes and Other Material Handling Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Welder Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D14.3/D14.3M—Specification for Welding Earthmoving, QC5—Standard for AWS Certification of Welding Educators . . . . . . . . .14
Construction, and Agricultural Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
QC7—Standard for AWS Certified Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D14.4/D14.4M—Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 QC10—Specification for Qualification and Registration of Level I —
Entry Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D14.5/D14.5M—Specification for Welding of Presses and Press
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 QC11—Specification for Qualification and Certification for Level II —
Advanced Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D14.6/D14.6M—Specification for Welding of Rotating
Elements of Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 QC12—Specification for Qualification and Certification for Level III —
Expert Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D14.7/D14.7M—Recommended Practices for Surfacing and
Reconditioning of Industrial Mill Rolls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 QC13—Specification for the Certification of Welding Supervisors . . . .14
D14.8M—Standard Methods for the Avoidance of Weld Cracks . . . . . .24 QC14—Specification for the Certification of Welding Sales
Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D15.1/D15.1M—Railroad Welding Specification for Cars and
Locomotives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 QC15—Specification for the Certification of Radiographic Interpreters 14
D15.2—Recommended Practices for the Welding of Rails and Related QC17—Specification for AWS Accreditation of Certified Welding
Rail Components for Use by Rail Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Fabricators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D16.1M/D16.1—Specification for Robotic Arc Welding Safety . . . . . . . .8 QC19—Standard for the AWS Certification of Robotic Arc Welding
Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D16.2M/16.2—Guide for Components of Robotic and Automatic
Arc Welding Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 QC20—Standard for the AWS Certification of Resistance Welding
Technicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
D16.3M/D16.3—Risk Assessment Guide for Robotic Arc Welding . . .25
Z49.1—Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes . . . . . . . . . . . .8
D16.4M/D16.4—Specification for the Qualification of Robotic Arc
Welding Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

Advertiser Index
Auburn Manufacturing (page 11) Hobart Institute (inside back cover)
American Technical Publishers (page 5) Koike Aronson (page 23)
Arc One (page 9) Liburdi (page 30)
C-Spec (inside front cover) Weld Engineering (page 1)
Diamond Ground (page 24)

43
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