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I. How much work is done in moving a 500 µC charge between two points on an equipotential surface?

2. Use the lens maker's formula to write an expression for the (relative) refractive index µ, of the material in terms
of its focal length/; and the radii of curvature r 1 and r2, of its two surfaces. �
3. Give the direction in which the induced current flows in the coil mounted on an insulating stand when a bar
magnet is quickly moved along the axis of the coil from one side to the other as shown in the figure. c§l
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4. Two wires A and B are of same metal have the same area of cross-section and have their lengths in the ratio
2 : I. What will be the ratio of currents flowing through them respectively when the same potential difference is
applied across the length of each of them?
5. The maximum kinetic energy of a photoelectron is 3 eV. What is its stopping potential?
6. Two fixed point charges+ 4e and+ e units are separated by a distance 'a'. Where should the third point charge
be placed for it to be in equilibrium?
7. Define resolving power of a compound microscope. How does the resolving power of a compound microscope
change when
(i) refractive index of the medium behveen the object and objective lens increases?
(ii) wavelength of the radiation used is increased?
8. Define electric potential. Deduce an expression for the electric potential at a point distance 'r' from a point
charge (Q > 0).
9. Write two factors justifying the need of modulation for transmission of a signal.
10. The output of an OR gate is connected to both the inputs of a NAND gate. Draw the logic circuit of this
combination of gates and write its truth table.
Or
(i) Identify the logic gates marked P and Q in the given logic circuit.
A o---------r--
p
B D-OX

(ii) Write down the output at X for the inputs A= 0, B = 0 and A= 1, B = 1.


11. Two cells of emf l ·5V and 2V and internal resistances I ohm and 2 ohm respectively are connected in parallel
to pass a current in the same direction through an external resistance of 5 ohm
(a) Draw the circuit diagram.
(b) Using Kirchhoff's laws, calculate the current through each branch of the circuit and potential difference
across the 5 ohm resistor.
Or
For the circuit shown here, calculate the potential difference between points B and D.
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74 I Oswaal CBSE (Sample Question Paper) Physics Class-XII
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12. A short bar magnet of magnetic moment m =0·32 Jr- 1 is placed in a unifom1 external magnetic field of0· 15 T.
If the bar is free to rotate in the plane of the field, which orientations would correspond to (i) its stable and (ii) �
unstable equilibrium? What is the potential energy of the magnet in each case?
13. Name the phenomenon associated with the production ofback emfin a coil due to the change ofelectric current c§l
through the coil itself. K
Name and define the S.J. unit used for measuring this characteristic of the coil.
14. !flight passes near a massive object, the gravitational interaction causes a bending of the ray. This can be thought �
of as happening due to a change in the effective refrative index of the medium given by n(r) = I + 2GM/re2 ,
where r is the distance of the point of consideration from the centre of the mass of the massive body. G is the
universal gravitational constant.Mis the mass ofthe body and c is the speed of light in vacuum. Considering a
spherical object, find the deviation ofthe ray from the original path as it grazes the object.
15. A 12·5 eV electron beam is used to bombard gaseous hydrogen at room temperatme. Upto which energy level
the hydrogen atoms would be excited?
Calculate the wavelength of the first member of Lyman and first member of Balmer series.
16. A cell of emf 4V and internal resistance 0·50, is connected across a load of resistance (i) 7·50, (ii) 11 ·50.
Calculate (i) the ratio of the difference-s in the emf of the cell and the potential drop across the load and (ii) the
ratio of the currents in the two cases.
17. (i) Consider a thin lens placed between a source (S) and an observer P1
2
(0). Let the thickness ofthe lens vary as w-(b) = w0 - b , where bis
a
the vertical distance from the pole, w is a constant. Using Fermat's S ..C....----1---L4-----=::,,,Q
principle i.e., the time of transit for a ray between the source and V
observer is an extremum, find the condition that all paraxial rays
starting from the source will converge at a point O on the axis. Find
the focal length.
(ii) A gravitational lens may be assumed to have a varying width of the fom1

w(b) = k1 ln(k2) . < b < bmax


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b < bmin

Show that an observer will see an image of a point object as a ring about the centre of the lens with an angular
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18. State Bohr's postulate for the permitted orbits' for the electron in a hydrogen atom.
Use this postulate to prove that the circumference ofthe nth permitted orbit for the electron can 'contain' exactly
11 wavelengths of the de-Broglie wavelength associated with the electron in that orbit.
.19. Define the term 'modulation index' for an AM wave. What would be the modulation index for an AMwave for
which the maximum amplitude is 'a' while the minimum amplitude is 'b'?
20. (a) Write the formula for the velocity of light in a material medium of relative permittivity e, and relative
magnetic penneability µ,.
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(b) The following table gives the wavelength range of some constituents ofthe electromagnetic spectrum.
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2. 0·1 m to I mm "O
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Select the wavelength range, and name the (associated) electromagnetic waves, that are used in []J �
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(i) Radar systems for Aircraft navigation
(ii) Earth satellites to observe growth ofcrops. �
21. (a) Why photoelectric effect cannot be explained on the basis ofwave nature of light? Give reasons. �
(b) Write the basic features of photon picture of electromagnetic radiation on which Einstein's photoelectric
equation is based. c§l
22. A capacitor of unknown capacitance is connected across a battery ofV volts. The charge stored in it is 360 µC. K
When potential across the capacitor is reduced by I 20 V, the charge stored in it becomes 120 �tC.
Calculate: �
(i) The potential V and the unknown capacitance C.
(ii) What will be the charge stored in the capacitor, ifthe voltage applied had increased by 120 V?
23. l MW power is to be delivered from a power station to a town 10 km away. One uses a pair of Cu wire of radius
0·5 cm for this purpose. Calculate the fraction ofohmic losses to power transmitted if
(i) power is transmitted at 220 V. Comment o□ the feasibility ofdoing this.
(ii) a step-up transformer is used to boost the voltage to I 1000 V, power transmitted, then a step-down
transformer is used to bring voltage to 220 V. (p"" = l ·7 x IO-li SI unit)
24. State the principle which helps us to determine the shape of the wavefront at a later time from its given shape at
any time. Apply this principle to
(i) Show that a spherical/plane wavefront continues to propagate forward as a spherical/plane wavefront.
(ii) Derive Snell's law of refraction by drawing the refracted wavefront corresponding to a plane wavefront
incident on the boundary separating a rarer medium from a denser medium.
Or
What do we understand by 'polarization' of a wave? How does this phenomenon help us to decide whether a
given wave is transverse or longitudinal in nature? Light from an ordinary source (say a sodium lamp) is passed
through a polaroid sheet P 1 . The transmitted light is then made to pass through a second polaroid sheet P2 which
can be rotated so that the angle (0) between the two polaroid sheets varies from 0° to 90°. Show graphically the
variation ofthe intensity oflight transmitted by P2 and P" as a function ofthe angle (0). Take the incident beam
intensity as I0. Why does the light from a clear blue portion of the sky, show a rise and fall of intensity when
viewed through a polaroid when it is rotated?
25. Describe an expression for the magnetic :field at a point on the axis ofa current carrying circular loop.
Or
(a) Draw a labelled diagram of moving coil galvanometer. Prove that in a radial magnetic field, the deflection
ofthe coil is directly proportional to the current flowing in tbe coil.
(b) How a galvanometer can be converted into a voltmeter to measure upto:
(i) 'V' volts by connecting a resistance R 1 in series with coil.
V
(ii) volts by connecting a resistance Ri in series with its coil.
2
26. With the proper circuit diagram show the biasing of a (i) n-p-n trdnsistor, (ii) p-n-p transistor in common base
configuration. Explain the movement ofcharge carriers through different parts of the transistor. Hence show that
IE= le+ I B'
Why in a transistor, base is made thin and doped with little impurity atoms? Explain briefly.
Or
Draw the circuit diagram for n-p-n transistor in common emitter configuration. With the help of typical input­
output characteristics, write the expressions for (i) input resistance, (ii) output resistance and (iii) current
amplification factor.
When would you prefer to use a transistor as a common base or a common emitter amplifier?