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Proctored - Mock CAT 2

Answers and Explanations


1 5 2 4 3 3 4 4 5 4 6 2 7 3 8 5 9 5 10 3
11 3 12 3 13 4 14 2 15 4 16 3 17 4 18 4 19 1 20 4
21 1 22 5 23 5 24 2 25 5 26 3 27 1 28 4 29 5 30 2
31 5 32 5 33 3 34 3 35 1 36 4 37 1 38 4 39 5 40 3
41 3 42 1 43 5 44 2 45 3 46 2 47 4 48 1 49 5 50 2
51 3 52 1 53 2 54 1 55 3 56 3 57 2 58 4 59 1 60 1
61 5 62 5 63 4 64 2 65 1 66 4 67 1 68 3 69 5 70 3
71 5 72 3 73 1 74 1 75 2

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Test Prep
1. 5 Option (1) is given in the last paragraph of the passage. The 4. 4 Option (1) is incorrect because it negates the possibility of a
authors refer to Rose’s book and present an observation film to be a close version of a book. Also, the authors explain
about the screenplay writer’s act of plagiarism. However this that curiously the book goes unacknowledged in the movie
is just an observation and not the sole reason for mentioning but their views about how close the two versions of the story
the book. are is unclear.
Option (2) is a generalisation that cannot be made in the context Option (2) is inappropriate because even though it can be
of the passage. There is no evidence to justify this statement somewhat inferred from the second paragraph, the audience
from the passage. Hence, it is not the best choice. expectations cannot be measured. Therefore, it is only partially
Option (3) is another observation made by the authors in true.
order to comment upon all those critics who reviewed the Option (3) is incorrect because it contradicts the authors’
movie and did not bother to read up on the source. This views who clearly reveal their curiosity in the second and the
statement categorizes ‘most movie critics’ which cannot be last paragraph about giving no mention to Al Rose’s book in
justified from the passage. Hence, it is incorrect. the movie.
Option (4) is completely against the authors’ view presented Option (4) is correct because the authors comment that most
in the opening lines of the passage where the authors state critics who gave raving reviews of the movie did not bother to
that ‘the film fails, we think, as a serious visual statement of read the book that formed the basis of the movie. Their opinion
important moral issues’. Hence, it is a wrong inference. is mentioned in the last paragraph of the passage.
Option (5) is the best choice because the authors’ state in the Option (5) negates the idea of dealing with a serious issue like
last paragraph that as an ‘authentic history’ the film does pornography through the medium of a movie. This is completely
‘rather well’ even though on other grounds it fails. Hence, (5) incorrect because this suggests that movies cannot do justice
is correct. to such subjects in the first place.

2. 4 Option (1) is incorrect because it seems to contradict the 5. 4 The correct answer is option (4). The answer to this question
authors’ views who clearly state in the first paragraph that can be arrived at by reading the first seven lines of the second
they do not agree with the raving reviews given by other paragraph. The call for freedom is relational as ‘Attention is
critics. Hence, the authors do not believe that the movie always attracted to the agencies that prevent it from being
‘deserves plaudits’. realised – for example, the anti-colonial uprisings in Burma
Option (2) is incorrect because nowhere in the passage do .....’
the authors hint that the movie is making a mockery of the
issues. 6. 2 The correct answer is Option (2), ‘ As this term covers both
Option (3) is inappropriate because it contradicts the views the concepts of national independence and freedom and also
of the authors who clearly state in paragraph 5 that ‘Pretty finds resonance with Burmese culture and religion; this term
Baby poses a dozen perplexing moral ambiguities but deals was chosen as it can refer to both the political as well as the
with them only superficially, if at all.’ Hence, it is completely personal perspective of freedom and hence is perfectly in
wrong. sync with Burmese history. This can be gathered from the
Option (4) is the best choice because in the first paragraph first two paragraphs. Option (1) touches upon only the double
the authors reveal the judgement of other critics and then implication of the term and sounds incomplete in comparison
justify why they feel that the movie fails to treat the subject in to option (2). Option (3) is a completely alien idea; this linguistic
a proper fashion. perspective is not at all explored in the passage. Option (4) is
Option (5) is incorrect because nowhere in the passage do a mere conjecture. Moreover it would be taking things a bit too
the authors refer to the performance of the actors in the far to genaralise about the interest of the Burmese. Option (5)
movie and hence there is no evidence to justify this statement. is completely irrelevant.

3. 3 Option (1) is completely out of scope because the authors’ 7. 3 The answer is (3), ‘I only’ . Aung San Suu Ki is against the
tone is not dismissive. Throughout the passage, they explain military’s denial of personal liberty for the sake of national
why the film was unable to present a convincing and freedom. As a result she might highlight the personal aspect
responsible picture. Also, this option is not in sync with the more fervently. But this does not mean that she denies the
views of the authors who feel that the movie did not deal with political perspective completely. Perhaps, she would like both
the subject properly rather than ‘glorifying’ it. perspectives to be equally highlighted. All the other options
Option (2) is an extremely strong and sarcastic statement, can be gathered from the passage. Option II can be easily
which does not match with the critical style adopted by the gathered from the fourth paragraph. Option III can be inferred
authors. The authors justify their opinions by giving evidence from the first two paragraphs. Option IV is also easily inferred
from the film. Hence, (2) is inappropriate. from the last paragraph where the author speaks about how
Option (3) is the best choice because it adopts the same tone the military’s stance is ‘paradoxical’.
and style of the authors that critically identifies the mistakes
made by those responsible for making the film and reflects 8. 5 Refer to the line “And the slowdown has yet to affect one
disappointment. thing. For years, poor countries have been growing faster
Option (4) is incorrect because the authors’ tone does not than rich ones; so far, they still are….”. Hence option 1 can be
reflect caution. The authors are opinionated about the film and inferred. Option 3 can be inferred from the comment on
other critics but they do not tell a tale of caution. Germany and Japan in the last paragraph. Option 2 is too
Option (5) is completely incorrect because the authors’ tone definitive. The term ‘deglobalization’ is becoming popular and
is not praiseworthy. The given statement seems to be positive doubts are being raised about the efficacy of globalization
about the movie whereas the authors’ tone in the passage is due to the economic slowdown. But this does not mean that
critical. deglobalization is all set to become a reality.

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Test Prep
9. 5 Option 1 cannot be inferred as “sagging” means “falling” and 17. 4 Statement B which begins with ‘however’ and has a negative
not necessarily “fluctuating” in the context. The commodity tone–‘that many in India find themselves uncomfortable in
prices fell. Option 2 cannot be inferred from the paragraph as accepting the Darwinists’, requires a positive statement before
such a conclusion would require more discussion and data. it. C and E which talk positive about India being able to
Option 3 is flawed. Refer to the last paragraph where no accommodate Darwin would logically precede B. Also CE is a
concrete data is given about Taiwan and only a possibility of mandatory pair with E extending C and also getting into
shrinking growth- that too in 2009 is indicated. Option 4 is specifics about India. D is a conclusive statement which
incorrect as a data analysis of the last line of the fourth completes B. This gives us the correct sequence ACEBD.
paragraph does not give us any accurate figure regarding the
fall in 2001. Hence option 5. 18. 4 Statement A is talking about a reaction. E is the only statement
which talks about a reaction/reactionary movement. C talks
10. 3 In the context –prima facie means initial/first hand or ‘at first about ‘these modern social theories’ which can be linked to
sight’. In options (1) and (2) respectively, ‘Sound’ and the social theories in E. CB is a mandatory pair since B talks
‘Foreboding’ do not give the exact sense. We do not know if about the progeny of ‘these theories’. D talks about the
the evidence is foolproof/sound as the tone of the subsequent response to French Revolution and Marxism which has to
lines are doubtful. ‘Staid’, mentioned in the passage, can be come last. This gives us the correct sequence AECBD.
connected with traditional and conservative—which are
encompassed in the meaning of ‘sedate’. ‘Sedate’, which 19. 1 AE is a mandatory pair since E talks about or extends the idea
means marked by colourless propriety, which is the opposite of patriarchy. The pronoun ‘she’ in B is referring to Judith in E.
of capriciousness/whimsical/fanciful. ‘Tempestuous’ means DC is also a mandatory pair as Brocke has been introduced
turbulent, therefore it can be negated easily. only in D. This gives us the correct sequence AEBDC.

11. 3 The change in world views discussed by the author points 20. 4 The argument is descriptive in nature and it reports how the
towards a new world order with respect to sociology. Since, work of an author was received by the critics. The argument,
sociology deals specifically with the society this ‘fading out’ towards the latter half mentions that the work lacked the
points to its essential breakdown. All the other options are authority to engage the readers who were looking for
mentioned in the passage as pointers towards the new world something different from the works of 1920s. We have to
order. provide a replacement of the adjective used for the ‘ common
reader’. Looking at the context, option (4) suitably fits in as
12. 3 The author comments on the lack of depth in the workings of ‘disillusioned’ aptly describes a reader who is ‘weary’ of what
modern day sociologists making option 3 correct. All the other he has been reading- 1920 aesthetes. Option (1) would not fit
options are stated in the passage rendering them incorrect as in here as ‘sly’ has a negative connotation which doesn’t
inferences. match the context. Option (2) might appear to be close at a
tertiary glance, however it can be ruled out as the sentence
13. 4 The author recounts Tilly’s versions containing real people, talks of the ‘common reader’ who has become weary of the
history and drama, and have lessons for how change might themes adopted by the writers of the 1920s and repeated by
be achieved more successfully making option 4 correct. 1, 2, this author. In option (3) ‘flummoxed’ means confused or
3 & 5 are mentioned in the passage as facts about Tilly and do perplexed, which doesn’t fit the context here. In Option (5)
not lead to an inference. ‘vexed’ which means irritated might appear to be close but it
would be too strong a word to be used as in the argument
14. 2 Option 1 is too narrow and leaves out Quine. Option 3 uses there is no suggestion that the reader is ‘vexed’.
words like ‘apparently sound basis’ and ‘showing that’, which
cannot be substantiated by the passage. Quine is arguing- 21. 1 The argument talks of the dilemma that India faces with respect
not showing anything. Option 4 incorrectly states that the to China’s crack down on Tibet. Option (1) suitably fits the
basis of Logical Positivism is weakened. Option 5 incorrectly context as the paragraph suggests that the various countries
states that Quine shows –which is equivalent to proving of the world have reacted to China’s crackdown, the only
something. The paragraph does not display this proof. Option country that has remained silent on the matter until now is
2 correctly summarizes the paragraph. India, which makes it highly visible and noticeable. Option (2)
goes against the tone of the sentence. Option (3) would be
15. 4 Option 1 is too specific and leaves out any talk about reality. irrelevant here as ‘glorious’ means famous, which is out of
Option 2 is correct but not an apt summary. It is just describing context. ‘Obnubilating’ in option (4) means obscure, which
the impact on people. Option 3 is again narrow as it only makes it the incorrect answer choice. Option (4) is incorrect
negates the speculative aspect of Magical Realism. Option 5 as ‘splendiferous’ means brilliant, which doesn’t fit the context.
calls the reality of Magical Realism as objective which is
incorrect. Option 4 correctly summarizes the paragraph as 22. 5 A is incorrect because the correct phrase is ‘came and went’
along with negating Magical realism as being speculative, it (the tense also should be the same), C is incorrect because
also emphasizes what it actually is. Option 5 is too wayward the indefinite article ‘a’ is missing before ‘brief appearance’.
as it talks of a ‘different objective world, which alters the
meaning that is being conveyed by the argument. 23. 5 A is incorrect as the correct pronoun usage is ‘at’ instead of
‘for’. C has an error of subject verb agreement, should be ‘are’
16. 3 In this jumble , the only sentence which seems to have some instead of ‘is’ since the subject is ‘games’ which is in the
connection with the statement A is Statement B. From A, it is plural. D is incorrect as the definite article ‘the’ should precede
clear that the mind, which is internal, is being equated to all in ‘sneaker world’ as we are referring to a particular area of
a sense of it being an aspect of consciousness. Hence the business.
result in B which says that knowing anything external is also
self-knowledge follows A. CD is a mandatory pair as D is 24. 2 C is incorrect; it should be ‘companies’ in the plural form;
extending the idea in C. Note that both are talking of ‘seeing’. ‘company’s’ refers to a single company in the possessive
E is a conclusive statement. This gives us the sequence ABCDE. form. D is incorrect as C talks about ‘all the’ in C thus
‘organizations’ in D should also be in the plural.

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Test Prep
25. 5 A is incorrect as it has a tense inconsistency. The verb ‘learn’ and do not continue the tone. Option 2 seems to follow option
in A should have the past tense - ‘learnt’. D should be within 3- note that option 2 starts with ‘even audiences were
quotes as it is a question in direct speech. transformed’ which is logical after option 3 which talks of
transformation of theatre. Option 3 is closely linked to the para
26. 3 A is incorrect it should use ‘the’ before ‘tarot’. B uses the end which talks of unseen activities. Option 3 not only continues
singular ‘outcry’ incorrectly; it should be ‘outcries’, C is incorrect the paragraph but defines what this invisible theatre is all
as it uses the pronoun ‘whom’ instead of ‘which’ for a non about.
living object.
34. 3 The paragraph is descriptive and not biased towards any
27. 1 B is incorrect as it uses the incorrect contraction ‘it’s’, which particular side. It is merely informative and not opinionated or
means ‘it is’ the correct usage is the possessive ‘its’, C is subjective. Option 1 is not extending the last line which talks
incorrect, there should be a definite article before Moon, it of ‘means of production’. Option 2 slips back to an earlier
should be the Moon to make the sentence grammatically point and gets repetitive. Option 4 talks of capitalism suddenly
correct. and is also opinionated and not factual. Option 5 is again
highly opinionated and subjective- markedly different from the
28. 4 ‘Born’ is to come into existence, ‘borne’- to carry or give birth factual tone of the paragraph.
to; ‘cited’ is quoted, ‘sighted’ is seen; ‘dual’ is double, ‘duel’ is a
fight; ‘clause’ is a statement, ‘claws’ are nails of an animal; 35.1 The first line of the paragraph-‘much to commend and much to
‘cession’ is acceding or surrendering, as of territory to another ponder’- gives away the tone of the author- which is moderate
country by treaty, ‘session’ is an activity like a meeting or an and not extreme. Option 2 is too definitive in ‘Adiga can never
assembly. This leads us to (4). hope to explore’. Option 3 is too laudatory. Option 4 is extreme
in its negative tone. Option 5 suddenly jumps from- class
29. 5 ‘Gaff’ is an iron hook with a handle for landing large fish, discussions to spirituality. Option 1 continues the author’s
‘gaffe’ is a blunder; ‘hangar’ is any relatively wide structure view. Also note the words ‘my hunch is …..’ which is moderate
used for housing airplanes or airships, ‘hanger’ is a shoulder- in its import.
shaped frame with a hook at the top, usually of wire, wood,
or plastic, for draping and hanging a garment when not in use; 36. 4 Option (1) is incorrect because the action taken by the
‘millinery’ is a place for buying women’s hats, ‘millenary’ is company does not necessarily suggest that all those
consisting of or pertaining to a thousand, esp. a thousand consumers who make purchases in the ‘daily needs section’
years; ‘mordant’ is deathly pale, ‘mordent’ is a melodic will also buy items from the ‘lifestyle products section’. It is not
ornament; ‘ileum’ is a part of the intestine, ‘ilium’ is the broad, a definite conclusion that can be justified from the given
upper portion of either ‘hipbone’. This leads us to (5). argument.
Option (2) is incorrect because it is a general statement
30. 2 ‘Lane’ is a section of the road, ‘lain’ is the past participle of lie; regarding the purchasing power of the consumers. This cannot
‘flea’ is an insect, ‘flee’ is to run away from something/place; be concluded from the argument because the entire argument
‘hoard’ is a supply or accumulation that is hidden or carefully is focused on the company’s decision to motivate the
guarded for preservation, ‘horde’ is a group of animals; ‘feint’ consumers to make purchases in the lifestyle section. Hence,
is a movement made in order to deceive an adversary, ‘faint’ is this conclusion is not the best choice.
to pass out due to exhaustion; ‘Lama’ is a priest or monk in Option (3) is completely out of context because the argument
Lamaism, ‘Llama’ is a domesticated South American ruminant does not refer to the purchases made by the consumers in
mammal related to the camel. This leads us to (2). the children’s section.
Option (4) is the best choice because the action taken by the
31. 5 Since the paragraph has spoken about movies and has ended company suggests that the company wants to motivate the
with a general comment on transformations, the next thing customers to not just spend some time in the lifestyle section
would probably be examples of the same as in the choices. but to also convert those visits into real time purchases. Hence,
But the choice to follow immediately after the comment would this can be clearly concluded from the argument.
be an example on movies first as the paragraph ends with the Option (5) is incorrect because it cannot be justified from the
same. Hence option 5 is best. Then the other options could argument. There is no evidence that suggests that the
follow –which talk about TV Programmes as also American purchasing from the lifestyle section will be higher than the
adaptations of British Programmes. purchases made from the ‘daily needs section’. Also, the option
suggests that the number of items purchased will be more.
32. 5 The author in the argument disapproves of the Indians’ attitude So, even if the purchasing amount will be higher (due to the
of adulation towards the books that receive the Booker. The difference between the pricing of necessity products vis-à-
argument has a critical tone. Option (5) clarifies the author’s vis lifestyle products), it does not suggest that the number of
position in his expression of disapproval. The author mentions items purchased will also be greater.
that the unnecessary importance attached to the international
opinion neutralizes the sin of subversion. Option (1) is a too 37. 1 Option (1) is the best choice as it can be easily inferred from
general statement that to an extent restates the author’s opinion. the given argument. The above argument suggests that better
Option (2) confirms to the scope of the argument, however, it performance of, once considered, lousy workers is giving
would follow only after option (5). Option (3) goes against the competition to some of the best performers who are unable to
theme of the argument as in the argument the author mentions cope. Even though these, usually, best performers are unable
about the valuation of books by the Booker status is dismissing to consistently cope well with the others, the argument
the response of the readers in the native country. Option (4) suggests that the overall performance of the employees is
poses a wayward argument that doesn’t match the scope of increasing. Also, the argument suggests that they are able to
the original argument as it talks of a ‘superiority of culture’. cope; however, that is not ‘consistent’ which means that their
performance may increase at times but then on other occasions
33. 3 The tone of the paragraph is predominantly narrative and in the performance may falter.
the past tense. Option 1 is repetitive and is abruptly in the
present. Even options 4 and 5 abruptly jump to the present

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Option (2) contradicts the argument by suggesting that the Option (5) is the best choice because it suggests that nations
benchmark performance levels are still unachievable whereas are training people to speak in the regional and national
it is clear, from the above argument, that most lousy employees languages of India because most of the Indian traders are
have raised the performance bar much higher. more fluent in these languages. This seems to justify banning
Option (3) cannot be inferred from the argument because it English because the remaining world is supposedly adapting
seems to provide a general conclusion about the nature of the national and regional languages of India.
lousy workers in most companies. This option cannot be
justified from the given argument. Also, the option seems to 40. 3 Option (1) is incorrect because it does not reveal a flaw in the
generalise the economic situation and suggests that this is reasoning presented in the above argument. It seems to
usually how most lousy employees perform in crises weaken the above argument by suggesting that this treatment
situations. of overdose may lead to recovery; however, the recovery
Option (4) can be dismissed because it suggests a behavioural could be temporary. Hence, this option is inappropriate.
issue with most outstanding employees who are challenged Option (2) presents an inference from the argument as it
by their colleagues. This cannot be inferred from the argument. suggests that since only those suffering from Down’s
Also, the argument suggests that the tension levels of all syndrome and have high blood sugar level can be treated
employees have increased. successfully; those who do not have both these conditions
Option (5) is incorrect because it is out of scope. It refers to cannot hope of recovery. This does not present a flaw in the
the hiring of new candidates whereas the argument pertains argument.
to the comparison between the performances of outstanding Option (3) is the best choice because it explains that the
employees and that of lousy employees during recession. treatment suggested above could be specifically conducive
Hence, this option cannot be considered as an appropriate only in the case of those who have both conditions -high
choice. blood sugar level and Down’s syndrome. Hence, it cannot be
generalized for all patients who have high blood sugar level
38. 4 Option (1) is incorrect because it fails to have a drastic impact along with some other genetic disorder. This tends to point out
on the argument. Waiving the loans of some of the farmers in the flaw in the similar treatment suggested by the doctors.
selective areas does not suggest that it has brought relief to Option (4) seems to support and strengthen the above
a considerable number of farmers all across the country. argument by suggesting that the reasoning of the doctors is
Hence, this option does not considerably strengthen the above not flawed. This option supports the treatment suggested by
argument. the doctors and admits that the treatment of those with genetic
Option (2) suggests that the government is trying to educate birth disorders is quite similar and the difference lies only in
the farmers about making their own deals but this option does the prescribed dosage. Hence, this option cannot be
not strengthen the above argument. Also, because the considered as the answer.
argument explains that the government fails to control the Option (5) refers to providing the same treatment to those
situation. This option tends to weaken the argument by who are suffering only from Down’s syndrome. This cannot
suggesting that the government is trying to do something be justified from the argument because it is out of scope. The
about the situation. argument only refers to the treatment of those with both
Option (3) has no impact on the argument because it only conditions – High blood sugar level and Down’s syndrome.
pertains to the massive scale and level of difficulty of the The effects of treatments of those solely suffering from
situation that faces the government. Hence, this is irrelevant Down’s syndrome cannot be justified because there is no
to the argument. evidence present in the argument to support this option.
Option (4) is the best choice because it reinforces what the
argument suggests. It explains how the government has tried For questions 41 to 44:
to control the role of the brokers but fails to implement it on the Let, the number of students who had one, two, three, four, five and
ground level. This considerably strengthens the above six varieties of chocolates be ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, ‘d’, ‘e’ and ‘f’ respectively.
argument. So, the number of students who did not have any chocolate = (a + f).
Option (5) contradicts the above argument by suggesting that Therefore, a + 10 + 12 + 16 + 8 + f = 180 – (a + f)
the number of suicides have actually reduced in comparison a + 2 × 10 + 3 × 12 + 4 × 16 + 5 × 8 + 6f = 342
to last year’s figures. This is completely contradictory to the So, 2a + 2f = 180 – 10 – 12 – 16 – 8 = 134 and a + 6f = 342 – 160
above argument and hence is incorrect. = 182.
39. 5 Option (1) is incorrect because it strengthens the argument Solving, the above two equations we get that the value of ‘a’ and ‘f’ as
which is against banning the use of English. This option a = 44 and f = 23.
provides evidence to justify that a ban on English language
hampers the chances of career growth. 41. 3 a = 44
Option (2) also strengthens the argument by suggesting how
other nations are introducing English in schools in order to 42. 1 The number of students who did not have any variety of
equip their people with the tools for the nation’s future. chocolate on that day is 44 + 23 = 67.
Option (3) somewhat weakens the above argument by
suggesting that only a section of people within the society 43. 5 In the worst possible case, assume that all the students who
need to learn English for educational purposes. However, ate exactly two, three, four and five varieties of chocolates,
this option does not effectively weaken the argument that definitely had chocolates of variety D. Then, there will be
refers to the need of learning English for the entire nation. (10 + 12 + 16 + 8 + 23) = 69 students who not only had
Option (4) is an incorrect option because even though it seems chocolates of variety D but also had chocolates of at least
to weaken the argument, it is wrong because this option one more variety.
suggests that people within India prefer to speak Hindi and
not English whereas the argument implies that the preferred So, there will be at least 73 – 69 = 4 students who had
language of communication across nations is English. The chocolates of only variety D.
argument pertains to the international preference of this
language whereas the option seems to narrow the scope by 44. 2 Number of students who had chocolates of only variety F is
referring to the preference of Indians. 45 – (10 + 12 + 23) = 0.

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Test Prep
For questions 45 to 47: For questions 48 to 51:
Since none of the four students gets the same marks in any of the two Since, it is given that the number of games won by each person is
subject, therefore distinct, therefore P, Q, R, S, T and U won 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 and 0 games in
(I) Sum of marks obtained by Zoya in Life Sciences and Finance the whole tournament not necessarily in that particular order.
is 11 As U lost its games only against S and R, U must have won only 3 or
(II) Sum of marks obtained by Kate in Life Science and Public less games. Also, R and S must have won 4 and 5 games not necessarily
Service is 11 in that order.
(III) Sum of marks obtained by Frida in Life Sciences and Finance Also, T did not loose more than 3 games, T must have won 2 or more
is 7 games. So, we can conclude that U won 3 games and T won 2
(IV) Sum of marks obtained by Latika in Public Service and Finance games.
is 11 Between P and Q, they have won 0 and 1 game not necessarily in that
order. But, Q won its game against P. So, Q won 1 game and P won 0
Also Zoya, Kate and Latika get total marks in the range 21 to 23 while game.
Frida gets in the range 19 to 21. As per the information given in the question the possibilities for the
number of games won by each of the mentioned persons is listed in
Similarly the sum of marks obtained in Optics is in the range 19 to 21 the table given below.
while sum of the marks obtained in Life Sciences, Public Services and
Finance are in the range 21 to 23. Number of games won
Since total marks obtained in all subjects are different therefore sum
P 0
of marks obtained in Optics will be 19 or 20.
As marks obtained by Frida in Optics is 6, therefore the sum of marks Q 1
obtained in Optics will be 20. R 4 or 5
Marks obtained by Frida will also be equal to 20. S 5 or 4
Marks obtained by Zoya in Optics and Frida in Public Services will be
7. T 2
U 3
45. 3 Now if two cases are considered, which are as follows:
48. 1 The number of games won by Q is 1.
Case I: Kate obtained 3 marks in Optics
49. 5 Either R or S won 5 games.
Life Public
Students Optics Finance Total For questions 50 and 51:
Sciences Service
Given that R got 11 coins and won exactly four games in the whole
Zoya 7 5/6 4/3 6/5 22/21 tournament.
So, the number of games won by each of the mentioned six persons
Kate 3 5/6 6/5 7/8 21/22
is listed in the table given below.
Frida 6 4/3 7 3/4 20
Latika 4 8 5/6 6/5 23 Number of games w on Number of coins got
Total 20 23/22 22/21 21/23 - P 0 0
Case II: Kate obtained 4 marks in Optics Q 1 < 11
R 4 11
Life Public S 5 < 11
Students Optics Finance Total
Sciences Service T 2 < 11
Zoya 7 5/ 6 4/3 6/5 22/21 U 3 < 11
Kate 4 6/5 5/6 8 23
Since, S won all the five games then he must have necessarily got
Frida 6 3/4 7 4/3 20
10 coins. (Two coins in each game)
Latika 3 7/8 6/5 5/6 21/22
Total 20 21/23 22/21 23/22 - 50. 2 The minimum number of coins got by U, T, Q and P is 6, 4, 2 and
0 respectively.
46. 2 Clearly only ‘Public Service’ cannot have maximum marks. So, the total number of coins got by all the mentioned six
persons in the whole tournament cannot be less than 11 + 2 +
47. 4 Kate obtained 7 marks in Finance. The new table will look like 6 + 4 + 10 = 33.

51. 3 Given that the total number of coines got by all the mentioned
Life Public persons is 47. Now we already known that R, P and S got 11,
Students Optics Finance Total
Sciences Services 0, 10. So, we have 47 = (0, 10, 11) + (T, U, Q)
⇒ (T, U, Q) = 26
Zoya 7 5/6 4 6/5 22 which is only possible when T gets 10, Q gets 6 and U gets
Kate 3 6/5 5/6 7 21 10.
Frida 6 4 7 3 20
Latika 4 8 6/5 5/6 23
Total 20 23 22 21 -

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52. 1 Number of employee in the year 2007 should be multiple of 200 and in the year 2008 should be multiple of 50 other wise the actual
number of employees will be in fractions which is impossible.
As the total number of employee’s increases by 10 percent minimum possible number of employees in the year 2007 and 2008 should
be 1000 and 1100 respectively.

Number of Number of Minimum possible


% Break-up % Break-up
employees employees in Number of
in 2007 in 2008
in 2007 2008 employees Left
Engineers 27.5 275 32 352 0
CA/CS 8 80 6 66 14
MBA 18 180 24 264 0
Graduate 37.5 375 28 308 67
PG 4 40 6 66 0
Others 5 50 4 44 6
Total 100% 1000 100% 1100 87

Minimum number of employees left = 14 + 67 + 6 = 87.

53. 2 For calculating the minimum number of graduates in Edu-Media in the year 2009 we will have to take minimum possible number of
employees in the year 2007 which is 200. The corresponding value for 2008 is 350 to satisfy the criteria of minimum 20% increase in
the number of employees in each category in the year 2008.

With 20%
growth the
% Break-up No of employees % Break-up No of employees number of
in 2007 in 2007 in 2008 in 2008 employees
should have
been at least
Engineers 27.5 55 32 112 66
CA/CS 8 16 6 21 20
MBA 18 36 24 84 44
Graduate 37.5 75 28 98 90
PG 4 8 6 21 10
Others 5 10 4 14 12
Total 100% 200 100% 350 242

 (98 − 75 ) 
The number of graduates in the year 2009 should be greater than or equal to 98 +   × 200 = 158.1 ≈ 159
 75 
Minimum number of Graduates in the year 2009 = 159.

54. 1 If we take the number of employees as ‘x’ in Edu-Media in the year 2007, then
Productivity quotient =
(27.5% of x × 24 + 8% of x × 46 + 18% of x × 42 + 37.5 of x × 16 + 4% of x × 20 + 5% of x × 40 )
(27.5% of x × 6 + 8% of x × 12 + 18% of x × 11 + 37.5% of x × 5 + 4% of x × 6 + 5%of x × 10 ) = 3.7

Alternate method:
By observing Table-II it is obvious that productivity quotient of Engineers = 4, CA/CS = 3.8, MBA = 3.8, Graduate = 3.2, PG = 3.33, Others
= 4.
⇒ Productivity quotient cannot be 3.93 as value is very high. Similarly 3.33 and 3.35 are ruled out because these two values are very
low.
⇒ Only possible option = 3.7.

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55. 3 Revenue
Salary Per Total revenue Total salary
No of employees contributed per
Employee Combined Paid
employee
Engineers 96 24 6 2304 576
CA/CS 18 36 12 648 216
MBA 72 42 11 3024 792
Graduate 84 16 5 1344 420
PG 18 20 6 360 108
Others 12 40 10 480 120
Total 300 Rs.8160 L Rs.2232 L

 8160 
Total salary which should have been paid =   = Rs. 1813 .33 Lacs
 4.5 
Actual Salary Paid = Rs.2178 Lacs
Difference = 2232 – 1813.33 = Rs.418.67 Lacs

56. 3 It is given that mn = p, np = m and mp = n,


m c b a Number of Triplets
As mn = p ⇒ m × =p
p 2 5 to 12 8
⇒ m =p 2 2
1
3 7 to 12 6
Similarly, we can get n2 = p2 and m2 = n2. 4 9 to 12 4
⇒ m2 = n2 = p2 ...(i) 5 11 and 12 2
(mn)(np)(mp) = p × m × n
4 9 to 12 4
m2 n2 p2 = mnp 2
5 11 and 12 2
⇒ mnp(mnp – 1) = 0
⇒ mnp = 0 or mnp = 1 ...(ii) 3 5 11 and 12 2
Combining equations I and II either m = n = p = 0 or mnp = 1
So, m, n or p can be equal to 1 or –1. Total number of distinct triplets = 8 + 6 + 4 + 2 + 4 + 2 + 2 = 28
So, the required sets (m, n , p) that satisfies the conditions are
(0, 0, 0), (1, 1, 1), (1, –1, –1), (–1, 1, –1) and (–1, –1, 1). 60. 1 Since, A > 0, f(0) will be less than zero when the product of
⇒ Total five sets of solutions are there. the roots α and β (i.e. αβ) is negative.
For, α = −4, − 3, − 2 or − 1, β can be either 1, 2 or 3.
57. 2 Let x be the number of units of ‘Cool Blue’ produced everyday.
So, the number of units of ‘Kiss of Coffee’ produced everyday Total number of pairs (α, β) = 4 × 3 = 12
is x + 210. For β = −3, − 2 or − 1 , α can be either 1 or 2.
According to the question,
Total number of pairs (α, β) = 3 × 2 = 6
8100 9000 Hence, total number of distinct pairs = 12 + 6 = 18.
– =3
x (x + 210)
(As, ‘Cool Blue’ and ‘Kiss of Coffee’ are produced 3 days and
6 days earlier than the deadline respectively) 61. 5 P
we get x = 540.
A B
U Q
1
58. 4 Area of ABCD = × BD × (AM + CN)
2

BD = 6 3 cm (3 MN = 2 3 and BD = 3MN) T R
AM = 2 cm ( 3 AM2 = AD2 – DM2) D C
S
and CN = 13 cm ( 3 CN2 = BC2 – BN2)
Hence, the required area is Let, AU = x cms
∴ AP + PB = 2(2 – x)cms
1
2
( )
× 6 3 × 2 + 13 cm2 or 29.12 cm2 Consider the trapezium TUAD
∠UAD = 180° − ∠AUT = 60°
59. 1 Maximum possible value of ‘c’ will be 3 as if ‘c’ is 4, then the Also, UA = TD
value of ‘a’ has to be greater than 12 which is not possible. ∴ AD = UT + 2UAcos60° = 2 + x
Also, maximum possible value of ‘b’ will be 5 as if ‘b’ is 6, then 2(2 − x) 3
the value of ‘a’ has to be greater than 12 which is not possible. In ∆APB : AB = 2AP cos30° =
2
The following table summarises the possibilities:

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65. 1 As per the given information we can say that
Now, AB = AD ⇒ 2 + x = (2 − x) 3
P can be married to S, T or U
Q can be married to T or U
2( 3 − 1)
⇒x= R can be married to U only
3 +1 Therefore R will be married to U, Q will be married to T and
P will be married to S.
2( 3 − 1) 4 3
∴ AD = 2 + = cms
3 +1 3 +1 66. 4 180 = 22 × 32 × 51
Now, we should try to break-up 40 as a product of 3 factors
⇒ AD = 2 3( 3 − 1) cms
The only possible value of A satisfying all the given conditions
is 24 × 33 × 5
62. 5 Let the the number of boys and girls in 1st section are B1 and
G1 and in the 2nd section are B2 and G2. A 24 × 33 × 5
Value of = = 54
B 65 − 64 1 40 40
⇒ 1 = =
G1 68 − 65 3 ⇒ If B1 = x then G = 3x
67. 1 As per the question
B 71 − 65 6 2 g(2, 2) = 2
⇒ 2 = = =
G2 80 − 71 9 3 ⇒ If B2 = 2y then G2 = 3y g(2 + 1, 2) = g(3, 2) = g(2, 2) + 2 × 2 = 2 + 2 × 2 = 6
g(3, 2 + 1) = g(3, 3) = g(3, 2) – 2 × 2 = 6 – 2 × 2 = 2
As per the question: g(3 + 1, 3) = g(4, 3) = g(3, 3) + 2 × 3 = 2 + 2 × 3 = 8
x
3y = ⇒ x : y = 6 :1 Similarly:
2
g(5, 4) = 2 × 4 + 2 = 10
⇒ x = 6y g(6, 5) = 2 × 5 + 2 = 12
⇒ Ratio number of students of 1st section to 2nd section Hence : g(1007, 1006) = 2 × 1006 + 2 = 2014
= 4x : 5y = 24 : 5
65 × 24 + 71 × 5 68. 3 g(2, 2) = g(1 + 1, 2) = g(1, 2) + 2 = 2
⇒ Re quired Average = = 66
39 ⇒ g(1, 2) = 0
g(1, 2) = g(1, 1 + 1) = g(1, 1) – 2 = 0
63. 4 Let the distance be 630x km ⇒ g(1, 1) = 2
So the time taken by the fastest man = 9x hours g(2, 2) = g(2, 1 + 1) = g(2, 1) – 2 = 2
Similarly the time taken by the slowest man = 21x hours ⇒ g(2, 1) = 4
So the time taken by the other two men must be 13x and
17x hours in that order. 69. 5 |x|2 + 6|xy| + 9|y|2 = 64
630 630 (|x| + 3|y|)2 = 82
So the speeds of the other two men are and km / hr |x| + 3|y| = +8 (–8 is not possible)
13 17
Possible solutions of the equations for (x, y) are
in that order.
( ± 8, 0), ( ± 2, ± 2) and ( ± 5, ± 1)

y 1
64. 2 The region bounded by the lines y ≥ – |x| + 4, y ≥ |x| + 4 and Possible values of   are 0, ± 1 and ±
x 5
– 4 ≤ x ≤ 4 is given as follows.
y
Hence a total of 5 possible values of   exist.
y = |x| + 4 y = |x| + 4
x
y

70. 3 Let the product be P.


A P = (2 × 4 × 6 × 8 × 12 × 14 ..... × 192 × 194 × 196 × 198)
(– 4 , 8 ) (4 , 8 ) P = 24(1 × 2 × 3 × 4) × 24(6 × 7 × 8 × 9) × 24(11 × 12 × 13 × 14)
× ... × 24(96 × 97 × 98 × 99)
O The unit’s digit of the product in each parentheses is 4.
So, the unit’s digit of P is same as the unit’s digit of 280 × 420
or 2120
Remainder when 120 is divided by 4 is 0.
So, the unit’s digit will be same as the unit’s digit of 24, which
is equal to 6.
x’ B (4 , 0 ) x
(– 4 , 0 )
71. 5 Case 1: The length of the sides of the triangle can be 8 cm,
8 cm and 5 cm.
y = – |x | + 4 Case 2: The length of the sides of the triangle can be 5 cm,
y = – |x | + 4
5 cm and 8 cm.
x = –4 y’ x= 4
Using Statement I:
In both the above mentioned cases the area of the square
1 comes out to be less than 28 square cm.
Area of triangle OAB = ×8×4
2 Hence, statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the
= 16 question.
Area of required region = 32 sq. units

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Using Statement II: 74. 1
In both the above mentioned cases the circumradius of the Incom e Expenditure Savings
triangle LMN is greater than 4 cm. A 2Z 2Z – 20000 Rs. 20000
Hence, statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the
R Z Rs. 20000 Z – 20000
question.
S 5Z 5Z – 20000 Rs. 20000
The question cannot be answered even if we combine both
Using Statement I:
the statements.
Given that the expenditure of S is less than thrice the expen-
diture of A.
72. 3 Let the angles of the cyclic quadrilateral be ‘2x’, ‘3x’, ‘y’ and
5Z – 20000 < 3(2Z – 20000)
‘2y’ respectively.
Z > 40000
The following are the cases that are possible.
Hence, statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
Using Statement II:
Case 1:
Given that twice the expenditure of A is more than 5 times the
2x + 3x = 180 and y + 2y = 180
savings of R.
The measure of the four angles is 60, 72, 120 and 108 degrees.
2(2Z – 20000) > 5(Z – 20000)
Z < 60000.
Case 2:
Hence, statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the
2x + 2y = 3x + y = 180
question.
The measure of the four angles is 90, 90, 135 and 45 degrees.
Hence, option (1) is the correct choice.
Using Statement I:
75. 2 Using Statement I:
Given that the measure of the two angles of the quadrilateral
Given that 2m2 + 3nm is divisible by 2.
is the same, which means Case 2 is the only possibility. Hence,
m(2m + 3n) is an even number.
statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
This is possible in the following ways.
Case 1: m is an even number and n is an odd number
Using Statement II:
Case 2: m is an even number and n is an even number
Given that the difference between the smallest and the largest
Case 3: m is an odd number and n is an odd number
angle of the quadrilateral is greater than 60 degrees, which
Case 4: m is an even number and n is an even number
means that only Case 2 is possible.
So, the remainder cannot be calculated
Hence, statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the
Hence, Statement II alone is also sufficient to answer the
question.
question
Hence, option (3) is the correct choice.
Using statement II:
Given that 2n2 – 3m is not divisible by 2.
73. 1 Let P = ABC
2n2 is always in even number.
P – M = (100 A + 10B + C) – (100C + 10B + A)
Therefore, m has to be an odd number for 2n2 – 3m to be not
⇒ P – M = 99(A – C)
divisible by 2.
Since, the value of P – M is a two-digit number, therefore the
Hence, m – 2n will be an odd number.
value of (A – C) is equal to 1.
Therefore, the remainder when m – 2n is divided by 2 will be
Since, C is an odd number, the possible values of A and C in
equal to 1.
their particular order are as follows:
Hence, statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
(8, 7); (6, 5); (4, 3); (2, 1)

Using Statement I:
P > 890
Since, the tens digit of P is greater than the unit’s digit of P, the
only possible value of P is 897.
Hence, statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Using Statement II:


P < 351
There are more than one value of P satisfying the above given
inequality. For example P = 221, 231 and 241.
Hence, statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the
question.

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