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1. Course Name: Mass and Energy Balance


2. Course Code: UGPA1193
3. Classification: Engineering Subject
4. Credit Hours: 3
5. Trimester / Year Offered: 1 & 2 / 1
6. Pre-requisite (if any): -
7. Mode of Delivery: Lectures and Tutorials

8. Assessment Methods:
Continuous Assessment 40%
Final Examination 60%
9. Name (s) of Academic Staff:
To be assigned

10. Course Objective


•To provide students with the knowledge of the fundamental principles and calculation
techniques used in chemical engineering.
•To provide knowledge of the principles of mass and energy balance involved in chemical
processes.

11. Course Learning Outcomes:

On completion of this course, students shall be able to:


1. Convert between systems of units.
2. Explain processes and process variables such as flow rate, chemical composition,
temperature and pressure.
3. Perform calculations on mass balance for chemical processes.
4. Perform calculations on energy balance for chemical processes.

12. Course Synopsis:

This course covers the fundamental engineering calculations from the unit conversion to data
analysis. Concepts of mass and energy balance in chemical processes will be discussed in
detail and be applied in the analysis of non-reactive and reactive systems with and without
phase changes.

Topics and Notional Hours:


13.
Learning L T P SL TLT
Outcome
Topic 1: Introduction to Engineering 1 3 - - 6 9
Calculations
• Units and dimensions
• Conversion of units
• System of units
• Numerical calculation and estimation
• Dimensional homogeneity and dimensionless
analysis
• Process data representation and analysis

Topic 2: Processes and Process Variables 2 6 1 - 12.5 19.5
• Mass and volume
• Flow rate
• Chemical composition
• Pressure
• Temperature
Topic 3: Material Balances 3 9 1 - 18.5 28.5
• Fundamentals of material balances
• Material balance calculation
• Balance on multi-unit processes
• Recycle and bypass
• Chemical reaction stoichiometry
• Balance on reactive processes
Topic 4: Single-phase Systems 3 2 - - 4 6
• Liquid, solid and gas.
• Equations of state for ideal and non ideal gases

Topic 5: Multi-phase System 3 3 1 - 6.5 10.5


• The Gibbs phase rule.
• Gas–liquid systems.
• Solids in liquids.
• Equilibrium between two liquid phases.
• Adsorption on solid surfaces.

Topic 6: Energy Balances 4 6 1 - 12.5 19.5


• Forms of energy.
• Energy balance on closed system.
• Energy balance on open system at steady state.
• Energy balance procedure.

Topic 7: Balances on Non−Reactive Processes 4 5 1 - 10.5 16.5


• Changes in pressure at constant temperature.
• Changes in temperature.
• Phase change operations.

Topic 8 : Balance on Reactive Processes 4 5 1 - 10.5 16.5


• Heats of reaction and its measurements (Hess's
• Law), heats of formation.
• Heats of combustion.
• Energy balances on reactive processes.

Assessment methods - - - 6 6
Includes Test/ Quiz /Assignments / Lab Assignment/ Final
actual exam time
Total Notional Hours 39 6 - 87 132
Equivalent total lecture hours 39 3 - - -
Total Equivalent Lecture Hours 42 - -
Credit Value 3
Main Reference(s):
1. Felder, R.M., Rousseau, R.W. & Bullard L.G. (2015). Elementary principles of Chemical
Processes. 4th ed. New York,John-Wiley & Sons.
2. Himmelblau, D.M. & Riggs, J.B. (2013). Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical
Engineering (7th ed.). New Jersey, Prentice Hall.

Additional Reference(s):
3. Perry, R.H. & Green, D.W. (2008). Perry's chemical engineers' handbook. (8th ed.). New
York,McGraw-Hill.
4. Ghasem, N. & Henda R. (2009). Principles of chemical engineering processes. Boca Raton,
CRC Press.