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Briquetting Presses

The BIOMAX briquetting presses with their robust and sturdy design can be used for
heavy and continuous duty.

The welded and stress relieved structure, special designed bearings and an automatic
central lubrification system are important features for an unlimited lifespan.

The motor driven flat-belt power-transmission, multiplicities by the static balance


flywheels, poceeding by continuous motion of the crankshaft, piston, crosshead and ram,
develop a pressure of 1200 kg/cm² in the rigid mounted press-cylinder.

BIOMAX Briquetting Press

BIOMAX furnishes, besides BRIQUETTING PRESSES, complementary equipament for whole briquetting plants, such as:

 SILOS
 TRANSPORT CONVEYER
 DRYERS
 SHEDDER
The briquetting presses BIOMAX are provided according to the demand of each client. The various models differ especially in
briquette prodution capacity:

MODEL Briquette [Ømm] Capacity[kg/h] Capacity [m³/h] Motor [HP] Flywhell [Ømm] Net Weight [kg]

B-55/120 56 280 (1) 1,5 20 1000 2000

B-55/160 56 450 (1) 2,5 30 1190 2500

B-65/160 66 600 (1) 3,3 40 1190 2700

B-75/190 75 800 (1) 4,5 50 1200 6200

B-85/210 82 1100 (1) 6,2 60 1390 7000

B-95/210 93 1550 (1) 8,6 75 1390 7600

B-95/210R 93 2000 (1) 11,2 100 1390 8100

B-105/210 * 103 700 (2)/ 1750 (1) 12 75/100 1390 8500

B-105/240 * 103 1000 (2)/ 1500 (3) 12 75/100 1390 8500

B-115/220 * 115 1500 (2) / 2100 (3) 17 100 1390 9000

* Exclusive models for light wastes as sugar cane bagasse and cotton wastes.
(1)
Output data based on specific weight of 180 kg/m³ (wood wastes) and 16% moisture content (maximum moisture content for
briquetting process).
(2) Output data based on specific weight of 90 kg/m³ (sugar cane bagasse) and 16% moisture content.
(3) Output data based on specific weight of 120 kg/m³ (cotton wastes) and 16% moisture content.

EXCLUSIVE SYSTEM OF PROTECTION AGAINST OVERLOAD

Consisting of an automatic electronic system which stops the feeding system of wastes if the main motor is overloaded .
In a few seconds automatic adjustment is made and the equipment goes back to running position.

 Protects the main motor and the belt drive


 Prevents the constipation of cylinder by excess of wastes material

Briquetting Plant

SET OF EQUIPMENTS USED TO COMPACT PLANT RESIDUES AND PROCESSING THEM INTO BRIQUETES

The simplest briquetting equipment is composed by a briquetting press and a feeding system, used for dry and fine wastes.
Wheatever the volume reduction process and the equipment involved, is not possible to compact materials with more than 16% moistur
The residue solid mass is compressible, but when the water exists in a larger quantity, prevents the formation of briquettes because can

To be compressed, the wastes should contain 16% maximum moisture (wet basis).
The maximum fibers and pieces size is also important for the briquetting process.

In the case of wood, the maximum dimensions shall be 15 mm.


For others materials, like fibers and shells, the length can exceed 15 mm, it is necessary to analyse each case specifically.

EQUIPMENTS BRIQUETTING
REQUIRED PRESS

X - Rice husk

TYPE OF - Dry wood sawdust

WASTES - Cotton husk

- Peanut shell

- Coffe husk

Note:
Wood wastes from furniture indsutries and window frames are usually dry and can be inserted directly into a briquetting press.
Wood wastes from sawmills typically have high moisture content, in the order of 40% to 50%, and need to pass
through a dryer process to being inserted into the briquetting press.

Briquetting process

Briquetting is a process of compacting, destroying the elasticity of the natural fibers. Thiscan be done by means of two methods
only: high pressure and/or high temperature. The elasticity of the residue must be broken to obtain a briquette with reasonable
resistance and durability for transport and storage.

The BIOMAX briquetting presses submitting the waste materials up to 1200 Kg/cm² of ressure simultaneous control the
temperature na ideal level to obtain distraction of consistence of the fibers from the residues, also to keep electrical energy
consumption low as possible.

The influence of pressure and temperature for the compacting process depends upon the type of residue, umidity and dimensions
of the particles. In both cases the BIOMAX briquetting machines show a vast flexibility in regulation.

Feeding System

The furnishment of the residues for briquetting should be continuous and even as possible, to avoid overloading of the equipment.

The most common feeding system is a silo with an conveying screw. This screw has on variable geardrive coupled on and one
can set the desired velocity. The silo can be installed below or above ground-level (see the following figures).
They are other feeding systems, which can be used like: ciclones, vibration and convoyer belts etc.

Pre-compacting

The reason of pre-compacting is to reduce volume and guide the residues to the feeding-chamber where the piston drags the
residues into the press-cylinder for compacting. See working scheme below; the main parts for pre-compacting are screw (01),
funnel (02) and feeding chamber (03).

Following some advantages of the BIOMAX equipments:

- Feed-screw with adjustable angle


- Feeding-chamber with cooling system
- Feed-screw with special outflow
- Stronger screw support
- Special formed feeding chamber
Compacting

At this phase briquetting is accomplished. On hand of the working scheme one can find, that the pre-compacted residue is
situated in the feeding-chamber (3) with the piston (05) pressed into the comical die (04) and continuous movement. The residue
passes thought the comical die, each stroke of the piston, raises the temperature due to friction and pressure.
High temperature and pressure destroying the elasticity of the fibers and forming a new product with different fractures: the
briquette.
The constant movement of the piston-crankshaft and fly-wheel (7) system provides immerse also to raise an kinetic and steady for
the briquetting.

Briquette - Alternative Energy

Product obtained by mechanical densifying waste


materials, such as:

 Sawdust
 Sugar cane bagasse
 Rice husk
 Cotton husk
 Coffee husk
 Coconut shell

Used as fuel in boilers, brick-works, bakery ovens,


fireplaces, and others.
Advantages:

 High calorific power


 Higher temperature of the flame
 Thermal adjustment
 Easy handling
 Less storage space
 Lower contents of pollution
 Environmentally correct, reduces deforestation

BRIQUETTES Calorific power Especific weight Weight in bulk


Humidity
COMPARATIVE LIST Sup. kcal/kg g/cm³ kg/m³

RICE HUSK 3.800 1,10 650 – 700 12 %

COTTON HUSK 4.300 1,10 650 – 700 12%

PINE RESIDUE 4.600 1,17 700 – 750 12%

SUGAR CANE BAGASSE 4.700 1,10 650 – 700 14%

HARD WOOD WASTE 4.900 1,20 750 – 800 12%

EUCALYPTUS RESIDUE 4.800 1,18 720 – 780 12%

COMMERCIAL WOOD 2.200 a 2.500 0,60 350 – 400 25 – 30%

Characteristics of briquettes

 1 tonne of briquettes equals, approximately, 4 - 5m³ of wood, in terms of calorific power.