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Herausgegeben von der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Verbindung mit der Universität zu Köln

Vol. XIX







edited by

Robert W. Daniel


In Zusammenarbeit mit der Arbeitsstelle für Papyrusforschung im Institut für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln Leiter: Professor Dr. Reinhold Merkelbach

Das Manuskript wurde von der Klasse für Geisteswissenschaften am 18. April 1990 in die Sonderreihe der Abhandlungen aufgenommen.

CIP-Titelaufnahme der Deutschen Bibliothek

Two Greek magical papyri in the National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden. - A photogr. ed. of J384 and J395 (= PGM XII and XIII) / ed. by Robert W. Daniel. [In Zusammenarbeit mit der Arbeitsstelle für Papyrusfor- schung im Institut für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln]. - Opladen : Westdt. Verl., 1991 (Abhandlungen der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften : Sonderreihe Papyrologica Colo- niensia ; Vol. 19)

ISBN 978-3-663-05378-1 DOI 10.1007/978-3-663-05377-4

ISBN 978-3-663-05377-4 (eBook)

NE: Daniel, Robert W. [Hrsg.]; Rheinisch-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Düsseldorf): Abhandlun- gen der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissen- schaften / Sonderreihe Papyrologica Coloniensia

Der Westdeutsche Verlag ist ein Unternehmen der Verlagsgruppe Bertelsmann International

© 1991 by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

Ursprünglich erschienen bei Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, Opladen 1991

ISSN 0078-9410

ISBN 978-3-663-05378-1



































Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII (J 384)



Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XIII (J 395)



J 384: Photographs

and Transcription



























J 395: Photographs and Transcription


A.Brinkmann, "Ein Schreibgebrauch und seine Bedeutung für die Textkritik," reprinted from Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 57 (1902) 481-497




I would like to extend my thanks to Dr. M.l Raven, the curator of the Egyptian Department of the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden, who granted permission to publish the photographs of J 384 and 395 and allowed me to inspect the originals, as weIl as to the museum's photographers, M.J. Bomhof and A. De Kemp, for providing the prints. My gratitude also goes to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for supporting this project, and to the Rheinisch-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften for including this volume in the present series and for a subsidy towards the cost of its publication. Finally I would like to thank R. Merkelbach for his help in connection with this project.

Robert W. Daniel


The papyri J 384 (previously V) and J 395 (previously W) of the National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden are now usually consulted in K. Preisendanz' standard edition, Papyri Graecae Magicae (Stuttgart 1974 2 ), and referred to as PGM XII and XIII respective1y. These two large papyri are among the most important magical texts that have survived from late antiquity - especially J 395 with its famous 'Leiden Cosmogony'. The papyri were fIrst published more than a hundred years ago by C. Leemans, thereafter by A. Dieterich, and then by K. Preisendanz (see pp. xii-xiii for editions and abbrevi- ations). Our understanding of these texts has progressed by stages over the last hundred years due to the efforts of these and other scholars, but numerous diffIculties in both texts still await solution. It is primarily towards this end that the present photographic edition with diplomatic transcriptions is offered to the scholarly public. It is also hoped that this edition may be used in university classrooms for exercise in palaeography and textual criticism. Because of its marginal notations and occasional false insertions of such material into the text, J 395 (PGM XIII) has already been the object of text-critical scrutiny. It was discussed at length by A. Brinkmann in "Ein Schreibge- brauch und seine Bedeutung für die Textkritik," Rheinisches Museum 57 (1902) 481-97, where he recommended various ways to diagnose and heal passages that were corrupted by uncomprehending copyists who had falsely inserted marginalia into the text. Because of this article scholars have occasionally spoken of emending texts by the application of 'Brinkmann's rule', although it is probably better said that his recommendations amount not so much to a fIxed rule, but to a methodology that can be applied flexibly. Because of the importance of his article, whieh deals largely with J 395 (PGM XIII), it is reprinted here in an appendix. The transeriptions were prepared largely on the basis of photographs, and where the photographs left room for doubt, I eheeked the readings against the originals in Leiden. In the course of preparing the transeriptions, a number of suggestions oeeurred to me towards the improvement of the texts as edited in PGM XII and XIII. These are presented below on pp. xiv-xxviLMost of them merely eorreet typographie or mechan- ical mistakes, but new readings and interpretations are offered as weIl. These suggestions are by no means a comprehensive treatment of the many diffleuities that still beset the text, and I have generally refrained from evaluating the merits of other seholars' eonjeetures.

Deseription of the Papyri

J 384 (= PGM XII)

J 384 is a roll that is now divided and glassed in six sections. The height of the roll is 22-23 cm; its length when intaet was 360 cm. Both sides of the roll are often in a poor state of preservation; there has been eonsiderable abrasion, especially damaging to Co!. I



of the Greek text; and both sides of the roll were lacquered with a 'protective covering' that has darkened and wrinkled, which makes for difficult reading in a number of places. The recto of the roll contains an important demotic text first edited by W. Spiegelberg, Der ägyptische Mythos vom Sonnenauge (Straßburg 1917). This text is now best consulted in Fr. de CenivaI, Le mythe de l'oei! du soleil. Translitteration et traduction avec commentaire philologique (Demotische Studien 9, Sommerhausen 1988), which is accompanied by a compiete set of excellent photographs of the entire recto. The Greek text of J 384 that is dealt with here is inscribed on the verso against the fibers in thirteen columns. The Greek text is flanked by demotic - two columns on the

left 1 and four on the right. 2 This

edited with photographs by Janet H. Johnson, "The Demotic Magical SpeIls of Leiden I

384," Oudheidkundige Mededelingen uit het Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden 56

(1975) 29-64 with plates VIII-XII. Demotic columns 15, 16 and 17 contain Greek sec- tions of which transcriptions are provided here, but not photographs, as these can be consulted in Johnson's edition. What were transcribed as magical words in PGM XII 445-52 (Co!. 14) have been shown to be Old Coptic glosses to the demotic text,3 and hence nothing is transcribed of Co!. 14 in the present edition. Most of the Greek columns have widths varying between 18 and 20 cm; exceptions are columns 10 (16 cm broad) and 13 (11 cm broad). Intercolumnia vary between 0.5 and 4 cm, but as a rule they are about 2 cm. The Greek hand can be dated to ca. 300-350 AD. The photographs of J 384 that are reproduced here have been reduced by some 15%.

demotic text consists of magical speIls that have been

J 395 (= PGM XIII)

J 395 is a papyrus codex consisting of a single quire 4 that was constructed out of 8 sheets = 16 leaves = 32 pages. The first leaf is missing, and so the pages that are now numbered 1, 2, 3 etc. were originally 3, 4, 5 etc. Page size (H x W) is 26.5 x 15-15.5

cm. Before the 8 sheets were folded, all rectos faced upwards with the fibers running

horizontally. The surviving folded pages show the following arrangement of recto and verso:













1213 14 15

16 17 18 192021 2223


The sequence ~ ~ ~ ~ shows that pages 13-16 constituted originally the middle of the quire. The formal, angular, generally cramped hand that inscribed most of the codex (h 1 ) tends to slope to the right. At page 21, line 23 XOAOUE (or perhaps some words earlier) a

1 Demotic columns 11* and 1*. 2 Columns 14, 15, 16, 17 =demotic columns IV, III, 11, I. 3 See J.H. Johnson, loc. eit., pp. 38-39, 48-49; eadem in Betz, Translation, pp. 169-70.

For the

same reasons PGM XII 453 from Col. 15 as weIl as 466-68 and 471-73 from Col. 16 have not been

transcribed in the present edition. 4 On single-quire codices, see E.G. Turner, The Typology 0/ the Early Codex, pp. 57-60.



second hand (h 2 ) took over and wrote to the end of page 25; pages 26-30 are blank. By comparison with the first hand, the second is round, relaxed, upright, and sometimes semi-cursive. The second hand strikes me as being responsible also for the flrst four

lines in the upper margin of page 4, the last two lines in the lower margin of page 9, and

the three lines in the lower margin of page 19. The flrst hand is characteristic of the

middle of the fourth century AD; by itself the second hand might have been dated somewhat earlier. The photographs of J 395 that are reproduced here have been reduced by some 25%.

Method of Publication

The transcriptions that accompany the photographs are semi-diplomatic. The Greek is printed without accents; breathing and punctuation appear only were the scribe supplied them. However, when word division is certain or close to certain, it is given, and so are certain or nearly certain restorations. The following editorial signs with their usual meanings are used in the semi-diplomatic transcriptions:




[ II

lacuna now a lacuna, but read on the papyrus by earlier editors deletion by the scribe insertion above the line

The high strokes' , are not used consistently; for the sake of clarity, letters are put above the line of writing when the supralinear letter is supposed to replace the letter written fIrst, Le. 't~and 't1~)Vrather than the uneconomical and confusing 'to'ro'v 5 and 't[oB'ro'v. All

dots under the line of writing are editorial: 6 those within brackets indicate the estimated

number of letters lost or deleted, those outside brackets illegible letters, and those under

letters uncertain readings.

A raised asterisk * in the apparatus criticus of the transcriptions marks words or Ionger passages that are discussed in the suggestions towards the improvement of PGM XII and

XIII in pp. xiv-xxvii below.

Three editorial signs which are not to be found in the semi-diplomatic transcriptions are used in the suggestions towards the improvement of PGM XII and XIII below in pp. xiv-xxvii. These signs are:




editorial deletion mistaken omission in the original

* asterisk under a letter indicates that it has been changed from what one sees on the papyrus.

5 When

't~v was intended to mean 'toov, neither 't R0 r 00' v nor 't {0 }' 00' v seems appropriate in a

diplomatie transeription.



Preisendanz rarely printed dots under letters, probably to spare printing costs, and he tended to give letters either without dots as if they were completely preserved and certain,

or to put them inside brackets as if they were not to be seen at an, whereas in both cases a

dot under the letter would have been the preferable practice. Most of these minor diver- gences between the present dotted transcriptions and Preisendanz' by and large undotted ones are not noted in the apparatus criticus. In other respects the apparatus is as spare as possible and concemed exc1usively with readings; for most matters it is assumed that scholars who consult this book have at hand PGM's normalized transcriptions and fuller critical apparatus as an aid to interpretation. 7


The abbreviations for the names of scholars whose readings are referred to in the apparatus are the same as those used in PGM:


For J 384 and 395: C. Leemans, Papyri Graeci Musei Anti-

quarii Publici Lugduni-Batavi, Tomus 11 (Leiden 1885).


C.J.C. Reuvens. Leemans' edition was based almost com- pletely on Reuvens' hand-drawn transcriptions (see e.g. intro-

ductions to PGM XII and XIII), and so as to credit the latter an

R is usually placed before L(eemanns). Reuvens' transcrip-

tions were not available to me, but when it was possible to tell from the remarks of earlier editors that there was a difference

in reading between the two Dutch scholars, then R(euvens)

and L(eemans) are referred to separately.

D = Dieterich

For J 384: A. Dieterich, Papyrus Magica Musei Lugdunensis Batavi quam C. Leemans edidit in Papyrorum Graecarum

Tomo II (V), Jahrbücher für c1assische Philologie, Supplbd. 16 (Leipzig 1888), pp. 747-828. The introductory section (pp. 749-792) of this edition was reprinted in Dieterich's Kleine Schriften (Leipzig - Berlin 1911), pp. 1-47.

For J 395: A. Dieterich, Abraxas: Studien zur Religions- geschichte des späteren Altertums (Leipzig 1891).

7 For further material on PGM XII and XIII, see K. Preisendanz, "Die griechischen Zauberpapyri," Archiv für Papyrusforschung 8 (1927) 104-167, esp. 120-123. More recent literature on these texts is to be listed in W. Brashear's forthcoming Greek Magical Papyri: A Survey, scheduled to appear in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt



Pr = Preisendanz

For J 384 and 395 (PGM XII and XIII). K. Preisendanz, Papyri Graeci Magicae II. Die griechischen Zauberpapyri,

zweite, verbesserte Auflage durchgesehen und herausgeben

von A. Henrichs (Stuttgart 1974).


An arrow ~ meaning 'should be changed' to is used here for the sake of convenience.

2 1crEPE<X, av[EA]('ttrov ~ K. pt<x Vor a similar diplomatie transeription (see the app. er. for palaeographieal possibilities). Preisendanz' suggestion is based on his reading K'tEpt<X<XV. ~t't'trov, but <Xv. ~t't'tcov eannot be read (the spaee available allows for five or at most six letters before the last v, eertainly not eight), and before this K'tEPE<X is at best a possibility. Preisendanz eorreetly rejeeted Reuvens' tc1tptrov (r. OC1tptcov) bttetrov (aeeepted also by Dieterieh).

9 Ei [B]e OVEtP01t?Il1tEt, ava'VEtc ~ Ci,": e~' ?VEtp01tOIl1tEl<XV (e.g. aq>uc), ä'Vnc (cf. the following parallel sentenee in 10 Civ e1tt q>ovov 1tEIl1tnC, Boc [<XJ\>'t'ft 'to ~tq>oc 1crA). In Ci,":, the <X is dear, and so are the left vertieal and part ofthe oblique of,":. In ~', the right side of 1t is visible (neither Etc nor EC seems possible). Apparently the verb of the protasis has fallen out, and so one should supplement probably OVEtP01tOIl1tEl<XV (aq>uc), ä'Vnc (assuming a kind of haplography) or perhaps OVEtp01tOIl1tEl<XV (1tEIl1tnc), ä'Vnc.




[1t]Otrov 'taBE eannot be verified and should be changed to a diplomatie rendering of

the traces such as r.]


~. RL transeribed


Tl, for which D

proposed [a1to]A[UOIlEv]Tl. Given the palaeographieal diffieulties and open eontext, it is probably pointless to guess at what the papyrus contained. 15-16 1to[t]d Be 1tpa~E[t]c 't<x'\h<xc K<Xt ovn~[o]I1tOIl1tEl<XV, aYP'\)1tvt<xv 1tOtEt K[<x]l Bt<XAAaccEt K[<XK]OB<xtIlO[VO]C, [e]av op8roc <Xu'tq> XPTtCn K<x[t] a:yvroc. The Greek is neither dear nor idiomatic, and hence translators have had to fudge: "Er erzielt folgende Wirkungen, Traumsendung, Schlaflosigkeit bewirkt er und befreit von bösem Dämon - - - " (PGM); "among his operations, he sends dreams or

causes sleeplessness; and he releases from an evil spirit - - -" (H.Martin in Betz, Translation). In 16 one might better restore the accusative plural K[<XK]oB<xtIlO- [v<x]c after Bt<XAAaccEt. 1 Later in the line, the reading of K[<x]l after 1tOtet is unsound. Where Kwas read, I dearly see a piece of writing that can be regarded as the base of Band part of its right side; after this there is spaee for one letter only; my guess is that 1tOtEt is followed by B[E] here as in 15. The new reading 1tO[t]Et Be 1tpa~E[t]c 't<Xut<Xc K<Xt OVEt~[o]I1tOIl1tEl<XV, aYPU1tVt<XV 1tOtEt B[e] Bt<XAAaCCEt lC[<XK]oB<xtIlO[V<X]c 1crA. at first sight does not appear to solve the difficulties, but it allows for the application of Brinkmann's methodology and the restoration of

normal idiom: 1t?[t]~t Be {1tpa~E[t]c t<XUt<XC K<xt} ovn~[O]1tOIl1tEl<XV, aYPU1t-

Vt<Xv. 1tOtE~ B[e] (1tpa~E[t]C t<XUt<XC K<xt) Bt<XAAaCCEt K[<XK]OB<xtIlO[V<X]C KtA.

17 &'ttv yap excov 1tfrc<Xv 1tpfr~tv. Here yap excov ~ 1t<xpEXCOV. Palaeographically it is difficult to decide whether the first letter is a round y that deseends into the following <x, or whether it is a round 1t. But 1t<XPEXCOV yields better sense, and it is

Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J 3R4)


supported by POM P21 (p. 229), 19-20 1W.PEXOlltvOl 1l0t vlKac, XaptV, 1tpii;lV 1tPOC 'tov Betva K'tA.; cf. also POM XII 271-72 BaK'tuAlBlOV 1tPOC E,1tlU:'IJ;lV Kat XaPlV Kat ViKllV. EvBo~ouc 1totet Kat IltyaAOUC KaI. 8auIlactQuc KCl.l

1tAOUctOUC Ka'ta. BuValltV 11 'tOtOu'trov qnAiac

19 EKBe~[t]v ['t]roVBE is certainly wrong and, until a better reading is found, should be

1tap e x€.t·

changed to a diplomatie rendering of the traces more or less like that proposed here:

,-:. [ft BE aptc'tE]pa. xeip ~ ::ß [aptc'tE]~~ ~Epi with the papyrus and, in substance, with Dieterich. For the spelling XEpi, cf. Gignac, Grammar I, p. 259.

20 1t[av'ta 'talh]a as restored by Preisendanz is almost certain; I see 1tav't[a 'tau't]a.

23-27 Eha 'ta[1h]a 1 24 1totTtcac Kat 1tapa8eic, roc U[1t]oK€.t'tat xo't~~~c (so P~p.; 1totTtcetc Pr following L) 'tov "Epro'ta Ext 'tp[a]xE~l'lC xav1Capl25 x ou

EXOUCl'lC 'touc "t Äuxvouc 1C~xt~J1EVOUC AEU1Cep ~Aa{cp Kat öca xpoeYEypax'tat 1 26 roC'tE 1tei8nv 'tOV 8aUllac'tov "Epo)'ta. 1tpo)'tn Il€V

E~~~~ V BE ~

ftllep~ Ext~~~:<?<: COU au'tov '1 27 EXt 'tilv

'tp6:xe~av Kat KOcJ1,,~av­

This passage is confused and

repetitive. In the two sections that are printed bold I believe that we are dealing with variant versions: the same operation is described twice, and in my opinion the fIrst

is pointlessly elaborate; roc 1tpoyeYPa1t'tat and the inferior öca 1tpocyeYPa1t'tat appear to be the nearly identical ends of the variant passages. The curious Coc U1tO-

Kettat, furthermore, if it is not a slip for the expected Coc 1tPOKEt'tat, can be ex- plained as the introduction of the Ionger version that was originally in the upper margin: i.e. 'as is given below (in the other exemplar)', in other words the equiv- alent of a marginal Ka'tro introducing a variant. 2 If this analysis is correct, the originally marginal material may be set within braces and the punctuation altered as follows: etta 'ta[,ha] I 1totTtcac Kat 1tapa8eic, {roc U[1t]OKEt'tat· 3 1tOlTtcac

'tOV "~p(,:)'ta E1tt tp[a]1te~l'lc 1tavKapl1tou EXO{)(l'lC 'touc ~ AUXVOUC

vouc AeUK<p p,aicp Kat öca 1tpocyeypa1ttat} 1 roC'tE 1tei~~~v 'tov 8aullacrov

'toe, me XpOYEypax'tat - ypa<pro Be COt K'tA.


"Eprota, 1tProtll J1EV ftllep~ E1tt~~'-:::?~ cou au'tov 1 E1tt 'tl,v 'tpa1tE~aV Kat KOcIlTtcav'toc, roc 1tpoyeypa1ttat - ypa<pro Be Cot K'tA. For the inconsistencies in the piled up participial constructions, see Mayser, Grammatik 11.3, pp. 68 ff. and 70 ff. 29 1tAtv80uc rolla.c Buo Aaßrov 1tOillCOV Kepa'ta B. The reading rojlac Pr (where D

ac) is dose to certain and well-paralleled. The problem

is the general sense: "nimm zwei ungebrannte Ziegel, mach vier Ecken" (Preisendanz). Kepac, however, has not been attested as meaning 'corner', 'edge' or 'side', and in general the phrasing is too elaborate to mean that two bricks should

simply be set side by side (as in POM IV 30-31: 1tOlllCOV E1t1. Buo 1tAiv8ro\' f7tt Kpo'ta<prov Ec't1'l1C\nrov - - - 1tupav). H. Martin (in Betz, Translation) gives "take

read Y'li]vac, and RL

2 See below on line 229 with note 5. 3 If one regards cOC unOlCEt't<Xt as a slip for roc npOlCEt'tat, one should print rather napa9flc n[p]OlCEt't<Xt {not"cac lC'tA.



Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J 384)

two unbaked bricks and form them into 4 horn-shaped objects," but the

instructions can hardly be telling u~to make (carve?) four objects out of two bricks. It seems, then, that either 0060 or 0 is not sound. Given the corrupt nature of the transmission, one might consider for example (Ot1ca) 0-60 or (Ka'ta) 0-60, but the likeliest error is haplography of distributive 0060 0060 (cf. Blass - Debrunner - Funk, Greek Grammar, § 248), and so I would print 0060 (0060). Cf. already

R. Merkelbach - M. Totti (Abrasax I, p.

67) "nimm je zwei ungebrannte Ziegel. "

36 ßco[J.l.]4) eic[Sb:] may capture one of the senses that might be expected, but the

with RL. Possibly ß~J:L~is correct

(the ftrst co, however, is most uncertain; it could weU be a, A. or 0; and the rest is guess work), but then EtcS€C is too long for the space of c. 3 letters that would foUow. We know that we are dealing with the sacrifice of the second chick, and given the palaeographical difficulties we may have to settle for this minimum of information. 38 Cx1t<XV'tIDV -+ 1t<XV'tIDV with previous editors. There is a superfluous curved stroke before the 1t, but it cannot be read as a.

54-55 1toi"cov au'toi>c EVepOßouc, EV'tpOJ.l.Ouc, E1t'tO"J.l.EvOUC, 'tac eppevac I EVO-

reading cannot be confmned. 1 print ß

xA.[ftc]ac Ota 'tov epoßov cou K'tA

removed; for the nexus, cf. especially Aesch., Prom. 856 oi 0' E1t'to"J.l.evot eppevac. After this, evoxA.[ftc]ac will not do at aU; RLD read 1to[tftc]ac, which

may be the right word: 1see ':Ot .~

The comma after E1t'to"J.l.evouc should be

ac, where the first letter could possibly be 't.

58 "0,, "0,,, 'taxi> ['t]a[x]U. [A.oyoc] OEo6'tEPOC is given by Pr where RLD printed "0,,

"0,, 'taxi>. [A.oyoc] oeo6'tepoc and where I give "0,, "0,, 'taxu :~[xu] Oeu'tE- poc. The traces before the lacuna are compatible with 'ta, certainly not with A.o. Since between the first 'tax-6 and OW'tepoc there is space for at best four letters and

1 suspect that Pr inherited [A.oyoc] from earlier editors,

certainly no more than five,

where modern conventions require (A.oyoc). The present passage should probably be given as foUows: "0,, "0,,, 'taxi> :~[xo6]. (A.oyoc) OEo6'tepoc. 61-62 1toi"cov c'tpeepecS[at 1t<xv't]ac avSpro1tOUC 'tE Kat 1t<xcac yuvatKac I E1tt [e1pCO't<X J.l.ou. As a reading E1tt [e1pco'ta is impossible, and if one regards it as a conjecture, its specifically amatory sense is out of place, for this tripartite charm is aimed at general success and superiority over everyone else; cf. the preceding lines 49-50 OtaKOv"coV J.l.Ot Et'tE 1tPOC Civopac Kat yuVatKac, J.l.tKPOo6C 'tE Kat J.l.ey<XA.OUC, Kat E1tavaYKaCnC ad au'toi>c 1tOtetV 1t<xv'ta 'ta [y]eypaJ.l.J.l.Eva 1m' EJ.l.OU, and the following lines 69-71 Kat oouvai J.l.Ot xaptv, 'houyA.IDcdav, E1t[aep]pootdav 1tpo[c] 1t<xv'tac av8pro1touc Kat 1t<xcac yuvatKac 'tac 1mo 'tT,V lC'ttct[v], '{va J.l.Ot ckt u1to'te'taYJ.l.€vot eie 1t<Xv'ta, öca E[aV] 8ÜID. Where Pr gave E1tt [e]pco'ta, RL saw ~1tt~Sc.oc,which is an entirely possible reading. EU, in my opinion, is the only possible interpretation of the first two letters. Between 1t and S, one possibility is ~~, but I find 1) (= EU1t"SCOC) still better, because under magnification one can see that when the scribe reached the bottom of the vertical, he ascended and moved into a horizontal, of which the very beginning still survives.

Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J 384)


On the basis of the reading of RL, EU1ttC[roc or EU1tEte[roc could have been defended against the various conjectures that have been made, but this is all the easier with the new reading e\)1tlJ9&c (r. e\)1tEt9&c) flOU 'obedient to me'.

62 The elsewhere unattested 1t<XPa<ptflQl should be changed to 1t<xpmVtflQl ('charm that works by contact') with the papyrus, as was pointed out by K.F.W. Schmidt, Phi/ol. Wochensehr. 55 (1935) 1174, adducing POM VII 973-80 a:yroytflOV 1t<X-

P<hVtflOV' - - - E1t<Xv<XYKac<XtE t1,V ÖEtV<X tfl[c] ÖEtV<X, EeJ.v chV<Xtflt, E1t<XKO- Aou9flc<xt. Cf. also IV 2173-4 ~c ö' ä.v 1t<xpa'l'1l YUV<XtKOC " avöpoc, <ptA1l9ft- CEL From PGM's index (Vol. 3, p. 158) it is clear that Preisendanz recognized the correctness of Schmidt's suggestion: under 1t<XP<X<P{flql he refers to the present passage, but states "l. 1t<XpmVtflql," and under 1t<xpa'l'tflOV he refers to the present passage, to that in POM VII and to Schmidt's remarks. The word is also preserved as the name of a charm in the fragmentary P. Laur. III 57 Fr. A, 2 (to be republished as Suppl. Mag. 82). The magical notion of the law of contact is present not only in the names of these charms, but throughout the magical texts.

63 <XßA<X [v ] <x9<XV<XAß<x --+ <xßA<x9<xv<XAß<x with the papyrus; cf. e.g. POM VIII 61 <xßA<x9(<XV<XAß<x); XXXVI 190 <xßA<x9<xv<x.

100 1tPOC tOV ouöov, ö[1tou] Ei, tO cbov --+ 1tPOC tOV oUÖov. ~[u] Ei tO cbov with the papyrus and earlier editors. The restoration proposed by Preisendanz is too long. Cf. 101 cu Ei tO cbov and 106 cu Ei Tt EPY<Xci<X flOU, cu Ei 0 fley<xc "Aflflrov.

103 öo[c E]flOt --+ öo[c] flOt with previous editors by reason of space. 106 0 €v oup<xvcp v<x[trov, M9]e, ßoft91lcOV flOt --+ 0 €v oup<xvCP' v<X[t, KUpt]E, ßoft- 9'T\cOV flOt. Tbe poetic v<Xtro, which occurs elsewhere in the magical papyri only in the hexametric POM II 83, is out of place in the present prose passage, and the re- storation is slightly too long. For the standard v<Xt, clptE, followed at greater or less distance by an imperative, cf. POM I 216; IV 1704; VII 989; XII 261; XIX a-b 50; Suppl. Mag. 42. 35, 40; 57. 14. For a full treatment of v<Xt followed by a vocative in Oreek prayer (with references to the magical papyri), see A.J. Festugiere, Symb. Osl. 28 (1950) 89-94; 29 (1952) 78.

109 oV[Etp01t]Ofl1tEUC<xt was read and restored by Preisendanz, but the form in -EUro is

elsewhere unattested, and the reading of U is altogether uncertain. So as not to enrich the Greek language with a new form where the reading is so difficult, one should probably posit a misspelling of the expected OVEtP01tOfl1tllc<xt: probably oV[Etp01t]Ofl1tElc<xt or perhaps ov[EtP01t]Ofl1t€c<Xt. 118-19 ~1t&c äYYeAoc tcl E1ttt<xclcoflEV<X a1tOtEAEt. 9Etov övofla COt KtA. --+ ql1t&c äyyEA.oC tcl E1ttt<xclcoflEV<X {<X} 1tOt(El). 9Etov övofla COt KtA. Preisendanz gave a1tOtEAEt as a conjectured improvement; it was originally read (?) by Dieterich, but the papyrus clearly has <X1tOt9EtoV. The phrase tcl E1ttt<xccoflEV<X <X1tOtEAEt, furthermore, cannot be paralleled in the magical papyri. In the problematic sequence of letters <X1tOt one should recognize dittography of the preceding <X and a misspelling of 1tOtEt. For the nexus tcl E1ttt<XCCOflEV<X 1tOtEt, cf. especially POM IV 1430-2 äXptc ä.v 1tOtftcn 'tcl E1tt't<XCCOfleV<X <Xu'til U1t' Eflou;


Suggestions towards the Improvemem of PGM XII ( J 384)

also IV 2054 Ö S&etc E1ttta~OV, Kat 1tOtro;

VII 479-81 tou(to> 'YelP E1tOtllca


1(a't E1tt'ta')"l1V - - - a<p ou e1tt'taccoJlEvOC 1totllcetc. n t e passage un er consideration 1tOte'i might have generated 1tOt either by simple omission or by vowel simplification (for the latter, see Gignac, Grammar I, pp. 199-200). 120 tO övoJla EvÖO~OV, övoJla tO Katel1taVtrov trov xp€otrov is abundant and not entirely in accordance with the regular use of the definite article. Difficulties disappear with the application of Brinkmann's methods: tO {övoJla} EvÖO~OV ovoJla tO Kata 1tavtrov trov xpetrov. 128-37 contains two passages that are suspiciously repetitive of each other. They are best surveyed side by side:











Lines 128-31.

Lines 131-37.

EV'Ypa<p€o etc tO paKOC Kat , ta e~ (ovop.ata) tOÜ


Kat , öca SEAetc {öe'iv tOV (öe'iva)




Kat roc


xaÄap.avöptm~ tÄEap~roS

e1'ta Aaßrov <lJltAtrotOV AUXVOV Ci'Ypa<pov EVAUXVtacac 1tATlCOV KeÖptq. ä.\jfac öe E1ttAe'Ye ta \>n:oKelp.Eva (ovop.ata) Y S(EOÜ)

xaÄap.avÖptro~ tö€oapuro9

pEöa~Vtro Ep9t߀oÄvtv







UJltV Aeyro

lCa\ cOt (cu Pap.) JlE'Ya ÖUVaJlEvrot öatp.ov{t)






tel ä.'Yta 'tou S(eou) (OVOJla'ta) E1taKOUCatE JlOU

lCat cu 'A'YaSe O{) KpatOc JleytctoV ecttV EV Seotc E1taKOUCOv JlOU n:opEu9€ok n:poc tOV ö(etva) €oie toV OtKOV autou Ö1tOU KOtJl<xtat eie tOV KOttrova autou Kat 1tapactaSlltt au'tip <poßepoc tpOJlepoc Jletel trov tOU SCeou) Jle'YaArov Kat Kpa'tatrov COVOJlatrov)

Ka\ ÄEYE aut~ taÖE



There can be little doubt that the first of these passages had its origin in several marginal glosses pertaining to the second passage. Where bold print matches bold, we are probably dealing with variants and marker-words designed to show at which position variants or omissions should be supplied. In the first passage the words

Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J



that are not printed bold are likely either to supply what was omitted in the second passa,ge or to contain glossar's comments. If this analysis is correct, the first passage should be bracketed out of the text entirely, but it should be used to supplement and improve the second one when considered appropriate. I would print 128-137 as follows:

{Evypaepe eie 'to paKoc Kal 'ta e~ ovoJ.1.a'ta 'toß 8eoß Kal öca 8EAetC iBe'iv 'tov (Be'iva) Kal roc xaAaJ.1.avBpto>q>tAeap~110>8pe Baepvto>ep8t- ßM.VtV pu8aBvtKO>",aJ.1.J.1.eptx UJ.1.'iv AE:,O> Kal cu J.1.E:,a BUVaJ.1.EvO>t Ba'iJ.1.ov, 1tOpeu811'tt eie 'tov 'toßBe OiKOV Kal AEye au'tcp' 'taBe.} eha Aaßrov cXJ.1.tA'tO>'tOV AUXVOV äypaepov EVAUXVtacac 1tAf\cov KeBpt~· ä",ac Be (evypaepe eie 'to paKoc Kal) E1ttAeye 'ta (E~) U1tOKelJ.1.eva ovoJ.1.a'ta {y} 8(eoß) (Kal öca 8EAetc iBe'iv 'tov (Be'iva»' xaAaJ.1.avBpto>ep tBeapu0>8 8peBaepvtO> ep8aßeavty pu8aVtKO> ",aJ.1.J.1.optx· (UJ.1.'iv AEYO», 'ta äyta 'toß 8eoß ovoJ.1.a'ta, E1taKOuca'tE J.1.0U, Kal cu, 'Aya8e ~atJ.1.O>v, 0.0 Kpa'toc J.1.E:,tc'tov &'ttv EV 8 eo'ic , E1taKOUCOV J.1.0U K'tA.

In three places the fIrst passage provides material that can neatly be incorporated

into the second passage: 128-9 Evypaepe eie 'to paKOc Kat; 129 Kal öca 8EAetc iBe'iv 'tov (Be'iva); and 130 UJ.1.'iv AE:,O>. It must remain a subjective matter as to what extent and how the second passage should be further altered in light of the fIrst. Here follow some remarks on details:

129 Kal öca 8EAetc iBe'iv 'tov (Be'iva): one mayaiso supply 'tov(Be). The

entire phrase is to be supplied in 133 between ovoJ.1.a'ta y 8(eoß) and the six magical words. Cf. the preceding 108-9 €vypa",ac - - - 'ta U1tOKelJ.1.eva Kal OV

8EAetc ov[etpo1t]oJ.1.1te~cat.

Kal roc is aremark of the glossar, 'also as follows', introducing the variants of the six magical words.

not altered

134, but one might consider (J.1.Eya BuvaJ.1.evoc) 'Aya8e ~atJ.1.O>v or perhaps (J.1Eya 8uvaJ.1evoc) {cXya8e} 8atJ.1.O>v or Ba'iJ.1ov. Cf. PGM XIII 290 1tOA:O BuvaJ.1evoc €v KOCJ.1.CP; XIXb 14 co BuvaJ.1.ev[o]c. 132-3 'ta (E~) U1tOKelJ.1.eva ovoJ.1.a'ta {y} 8(eoß): alternatively one might print 'ta U1tOKelJ.1.eva ovoJ.1.a'ta ~8(eoß) and indicate in the apparatus criticus that the papyrus has y.

130-31 J.1.E:,a BUVaJ.1.EvO>t Ba'iJ.1.ov

and 134 'Aya8e ~atJ.1.O>v: I have

(Kal öca 8EAetc iBe'iv 'tov (Be'iva»: see above on 129.

134 'Aya8e ~atJ.1.O>v:see above on 130-31.

141K[al 't]I?Ttcac ce Ka'taKO",et --+ K[al 0] Bl1cnc ce Ka'taKO",et. After the lacuna the papyrus has ßetcac. The curved stroke after the break is too high and oblong to be the loop of p; it can only be from the upper half of 13, and the papyrus still preserves faint traces of the bottom of this letter. The fIgure of Bes is employed in the present dream-oracle (lines 122-28), and it is from him as god of prophesy that the dream is


Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J 384)

derived. In 128 we read that he is armed with daggers at both his ankles,4 and it is with these daggers that Bes in his role of armed monster-god (his apotropaic functions were manifoId) would make mince-meat of the daemon that should

disobey the command to bring the dream. 149-50 B€t~al J.10l tl[va] J.10pcpftv cou ~ B€t~al J.10t 'tiJ[v] J.10pcpftv cou with


editors. Before the lacuna is a vertical that could either be t or the left side of 11; after the break, the right half of J.1. The lacuna has the breadth of two letters, and it

is filled perfectly with the right half of 11, a v and the left half of J.1. The present request for a dream instrllcts one to draw a figure of Hermes-Thoth on a piece of linen as follows: op[9]ov, ißto1tpoCOl7tOV 'standing, ibis-faced'; it is specifically

in this characteristic form that the god should appear in the dream.

For Tt J.10pcpft

rather than tlC J.10pcpft in somewhat similar passages, cf. e.g. PGM IV 3221-2 Bd~aca 1:TtV lW.AftV cou J.10pcpftv; XIII 583-4 tva J.10t cpavn Tt ftA119tvft cou J.10pcpft; 616-7 cpavft1:ro J.10t Tt ftya9ft cou J.10pcpft. 162 1:€KJ.111Pto[t]~ Be ~ 1:€KJ.1ftptO[V] Be with earlier editors and K.F.W. Schmidt, Phi/ol. Wochensehr. 55 (1935) 1175. Preisendanz' transcription cannot be verified, and 1:€KJ.1ftptoV Be is the idiomatic phrase that one expects at the beginning of this sentence.

176-211 =Col. VI. GENERAL REMARKS. Due to the loss of a strip of papyrus, about 6- 10 letters have to be supplied within the right third of each line in this column. Since this rule was not consistently observed in PGM, the text has to be altered in numerous places.

1760 BOAo(1totrov) is printed mistakenly with diamond brackets where square ones [ ] would be correct. But even 0 BOAo[1totrov] is not satisfactory, for the restoration does not sufficiently fill the lacuna, and the definite article is unexpected in the present series of epithets. The papyrus has oBoAo~[ or oBoAo-:[ followed by a lacuna of some six or seven letters. 1:eA€t Be Kat 1:0 1:01> 'HAlou övoJ.1a 1tPOC miv1:a ~ ~?~€t Be Kat 1:0 1:01> 'HAlou övoJ.1a 1tPOC 1t<iv1:a with the papyrus and RLD. The reading of 1:eA€t is hardly acceptable. In ~?~€t, the letters ?~, though not completely preserved, are close to certain. Before the omicron, some ink that can be explained as the upper and Iower right extremities of 1t. RL convincingly translate, "efficax autem est soUs nomen in omnibus rebus," and compare XII 281 1tOt€t Be Kat1tpOC BatJ.lOvo1tAftK1:0UC, of the aforementioned magical ring. Cf. also PGM XXXVI 36-37 SUJ.10K<i1:0XOV Kat Xapt1:ftctOv Kat VtK11tlKOV BtKaC1:11plrov ßeAtlc1:0v, JlExP€tc Kat 1tPOC ßactAeac 1tOtet; 276 1tOtet Be Kat 1tPOC BalJlov01tAftK1:0UC; X 24-25 SUJ.10Ka1:0XOV, 1tPOC 1tav1:ac 1tOtrov' 1tOt€t yap 1tPOC exSpouc Kat Ka1:11yopac


4 Cf. PGM VIII, col. 3 (reproduced in PGM, Vol. 2, Tafel I, Abb.6) for a figure of Bes with a dagger in his right hand. Cf. H. Bonnet, Reallexikon der ägyptischen Religionsgeschichte, p. 102 (fig. 34) and p. 106 (fig. 36) for Bes with a dagger in his right hand, respectively with daggers in both his hands; cf. also Lexikon der Ägyptologie I, col. 722.

Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J 384)


177 l1<patl1 "H<patc[t]e -+ l1<Patl1l1<Patc[,

.Je. The actual size of the lacuna was

ignored. We may be dealing with magical words, and "H<patc[te vel sim. is only a

possibility. 177-78 AaJ.1l1tp0<polta (AaJ.1l1tpo<patta Pap.) was first suggested by Dieterich. Since the word is apparently ahapax., Dieterich's two other conjectures deserve consider- ation, and should have been recorded in the apparatus criticus of POM, namely the attested AaJ.11tpo<paii and AaJ.11tpo<peYYTl. The former is appealing in light of 1tupt<paTl, which directly precedes; the latter occurs also in PGM IV 386 and 714-5.


eav ßOUA!l nva oPYt~oJ.1evov COt lCata1taUcat (COt nva 1taucat Pap.) -+ eav ßOUA!l ttva oPYt~OJ.1evov COt {ttva} 1taucat by the application of Brinkmann's methodology. Cf. already Leemans ad loc.: "alterum nva abundat." It is note- worthy that Preisendanz printed -oJ.1evov COt 1taucat for the present passage in his index (PGM, Vol. 3, p. 148).


aß]AavaSavaAßa -+ aß]AavaSavaßAa with the papyrus; so spelled (-ßAa) e.g. in Suppl. Mag. 10. 1, 3.


Se[oc, cavlC]avSapa. Before the lacuna is a vertical that starts at the middle horizontal of the preceding epsilon and descends below the line. Probably the word that begins before the lacuna is Se~[oc.


ü[J.1a] -+ a[,

.J. Dieterich's o.[vxoucl1c L.] is the sort of thing one expects,

and the restoration need not be too long for the lacuna.


lC[aS' ft]J.1epac y is at least three letters too short for the lacuna. Dieterich's lC~~ [eacov ft]~epac y seems close to certain.


CxAOC lCOtVOU lCepa[nov or CxAOC lCOtVOU lCepa[na ,i.e. lCepa[na followed by a numeral-Ietter.

197 ßa1t[te tp]ic is too short for the lacuna. One might consider for example ßa1t[ncov tp]k or ßa1t[te e1t'talC]tc.


1tupro[ca]c ßa'l'ov is too short; probably 1tup<?[cac 'tpl]c ßa'l'ov.


ßaAe eilcro] -+ ßaAe ei[c

.Jv, though the lacuna could be even a bit larger. It

is certain that part of v is preserved after the lacuna.


en J.1€cov -+ ev J.1€cql. The papyrus has ev J.1ECOV; the first v, which is of the writer's

square type, is certain. For ev with the accusative instead of the

dative, see S.O.

Kapsomenakis, Voruntersuchungen zu einer Grammatik der Papyri der nachchrist-

lichen Zeit (Münchener Beiträge 28, 1938), pp. 111-12.


teA.eti] 8e ft lCat[aclCeu]il ft 1>1toyeypaJ.1J.1eVl1 -+ teAetil 8e ft lCat[a 1tavtro]v ft 1>1toyeypaJ.1J.1Evl1 following in substance Eitrem (Aegyptus 6, 1925, 119-20). The letter after the lacuna can only be the right part of v.


eiJ.1t 0 o.(el) tcoc, 0 elC1te<pulCOx: elC tOU ßuSou is not sound because o.(el) tcoc is based on a false reading. The papyrus has etJ.1t 0 avoc 0 elC1te<pulCIDC elC tou ßu- Sou. In avoc, a v of the scribe's square type is preferable to yt (Le. üYtoc) RLD and 11 (Le. al1Oc, a magical word) Eitrem, and the reading tC Pr is certainly wrong. I suspect that avoc had its origin in a glossar's remark that was originally written in the bottom margin: liv(ro) cOc' 0 elC1te<pulCcOc elC tOU ßuSou, Le. 'above read as


Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( ] 384)

follows: 0 €'K1tE<pUKOOc €'K 'tOU ßu90u. '5 If so, <lVOC will have displaced a word, and in light of PGM IV 1683-4 0 Arot<>C 0 1tE<j>UKOOc €'K 'tou ßu90u one might print dJlt 0 {<lvoc} (Arot<>C) 0 €,K1tE<j>UKroC €'K 'tou ßu90u.


M<lPJl<lp<l'\)(o9 -+ M<lPJl(<lp)<luoo9. The papyrus has Jl<lpJl<luoo9 as was noted by earlier editors.


UlcCE't<lt is printed following a conjecture of Usener where the papyrus has EAeucE't<lt. Since emendation is necessary, one should probably give &VOlYE't<lt following the standard formula (&votYl1cE'mt Merkelbach 6 ). Once &VOlYE't<lt was written ANYrETAI, it could easily be miscopied as EAEYCETAI.


'tou'to[v] -+ 'tou'to{v)


(XA[A]<l -+ (XA(A)<l


eUA<lßOUJlEVOt can actually be read on the papyrus; the ftrst letter is a cursive E, not


445-52 (Co!. 14) consist of demotic with Old Coptic glosses, and hence are not

transcribed in the present edition; see above, p. x with note 3.

453 is not given in the diplomatic transcription of the Greek section of Co!. 15, because it is a magical name in Old Coptic according to J.H. Johnson, OMRO 56 (1975) 40- 41, 48.

466-68 and 471-73 consist of demotic with Old Coptic glosses, and hence they are not given in the present transcription of the Greek in Co!. 16; see Johnson, OMRO 56 (1975) 42-43; eadem in Betz, Translation, pp. 170-171. 463-64 Although the papyrus deftnitely has EKEtlJlet (K cannot be read as Ywith 00 above it), Preisendanz' suggestion of €,yro dlJlt is attractive. 469-70 The interpretation proposed for these extremely difftcult lines seems forced, and a

number of the readings probably have to be rejected. I have not been able to make any progress here.

489 does not exist. If one counts the lines between PGM XII 482 and 492, one finds that

from 492 onwards the numbers indicated are one digit too high. From the index to PGM, one can see where the mistake in numeration was made: the magical word in Co!. 17, line 22 is indicated as being PGM XII 488 (cf. Index, p. 269, s.v. C<lß<lX<lp), whereas K<lUCOV in the following line is indicated as being PGM 490 (cf. Index, p. 113, s.v. KaEtv). 494-95 K<ll. 'to[u 8]<llJlOOV[O]c 'tou B<lA,[caJlou] K<ll. 'to[u 9eou] I KU[VO]1tp[o]cro- 1tOU K<ll. 'toov CUV <lu'too geoo[v has to be changed in several places. The transcrip-

tion offered here is K o. ~<ltJlOOV [y]~VOU ß<lA<lVtc~'tO[U ]IK .1tp[o]COO- 1tOU K<lt 'tOOV ~"!'-: ~"!:O;>9EOO[V. To begin with, B<lA[caJlOU] does not reflect a reading, but a conjecture of Dieterich's, who actually read ß<lA<lVtC. with RL.

5 On the use by correctors of &vro and KO:'tro (Le. 'see above', 'see below'), often abbreviated &v(ro} and KO:'t(ro), see Brinkmann's remarks reprinted here on pp. 93-94. For cix introducing a variant, see above on line 129 Ka.t cix. For abbreviated o'ihox introducing variants, see K. McNamee, Marginalia and Commentaries in Greek Literary Papyri (Diss., Duke University, 1977), pp. 90-92, 545-549; cf. eadem, Abbreviations in GreekLiterary Papyri and Ostraca (BASP Suppl. 3,1981), pp. 74-75 6 R. Merkelbach - M. Totti, Abrasax I, p. 176.

Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XII ( J 384)


Before this word ]~ou is to be read, not ]ctOU, and so one must restore [y]~vou ßaA<XV1.c(c)a, a phrase which is paralleled twice in the erotic charm Suppl. Mag.

42; cf. lines 13-14 lCatavaYlC<xcatE fOPyovlav, l1v etElCE N1.AoYEVla, ßA119flva1. Coq>l~, l1v etElCEV 'Ic<xpa, Eic tO ßaAavElov, lCat YEVOU ßaA<XV1.CCa (cf. also line

62). In the present charm as weil as in Suppl. Mag. 42, a daemon is commanded to become a bath-woman and to inflame the beloved with the heat of the bath waters. The preceding Ba lJ.lO>v, then, is probably nominative-vocative. In 495, 1CU[VO]1tp[o]cOO1tOU cannot be read and restored, for here the writing is larger than usual, and only one letter can have been written between lC and 1t. If we are dealing with a compound, it weH may be iEpalC01tpocO>1tOC as in PGM XIII 41, 47, 51 etc. If this is correct, 494-5 will have run ~alJ.lO>v, [Y]EVOU ßaA<XV1.C(c)a. lCat

tO[u iEpa]llC<?1tp[O]COO1tOU lCat trov CUV autep 9Ero[v lC'tA.


An arrow --+ meaning 'should be changed to' is used here for the sake of convenience.

54 =425 11/lepeetouc --+ 11/lepl1ctOUC with the papyrus and earlier editors. The indication in PGM's app. cr. that the papyrus has l1/lepl1cWUc is, therefore, superfluous.

54-5 = 425-6 KCXt 'touc 11/lepl1ctOUc (KCXt) 'touc €<peßOO/lcx'ttKOUC --+ KCXt 'touc 11/le- Pl1ctOUc 'touc €<peßOO/lcx'ttKOUC, 'the gods of the days of the week'. The insertion of KCX{, which was proposed by Dieterich and accepted by Preisendanz, is mistaken. Lines 735-6, referred to by Preisendanz ad loc., do notjustify the alteration.


ev 'tu KAetO{ --+ ev 'tU KAeto{ /lOU with the papyrus. Contrary to what Preisendanz said ad [oc., the scribe did not delete /lOU by expunction. Although the parallel passage has in 432 €V 'tU KAetO{ (without /lou), one may compare 228-9 roc <XAAl1yoptKok ev 'tU KAeto{ /lou et1tov. Moses is the supposed first-person narrator in the present work, and here he refers to another of his treatises.


app. cr. The indication "ce 1C'\)(pte) P" is misleading. On the papyrus KU is added in the margin before ce. We have here a normal abbreviation for 1CU(pWC), not (as indicated in PGM, Vol. 2, p. 270) an abbreviation by contraction of a nomen saerum. Cf. below on 742.


'to EV /lepoc KCXt 'to e('tepo)v --+ 'to Ev /lepoc KCXt 'to EV with the papyrus; see F. Maltomini in: Miscellanea Payrologica (pap. Flor. VII, 1980), p. 175.


and 448-9 ce eve8o~a.c9T\ --+ ce €oo~a.ce" with Brinkmann (here p. 96 note); see below on line 772.


ßtcx9texpßcx[p]ßepßtpcXt --+ ßtCX9tCXpßcx[p]ßepßt[pDcXt. The last p in the line is clearly deleted with adeletion dot above it, and it is precisely this p that is absent in the parallel in line 459. When the scribe's deletion is taken into account, the logos in 150-1 has the requisite 36letters. The remark in PGM app. er. - "nach CXVOK 37 (nicht 36) Buchst." - does not apply.


ÖVO/lcx. PGM app. cr. fails to mention that the papyrus has here 00.

189-90 1teptge/lEVOc I txn /le't' --+ 1teptge/levoc txn I /le't'


ecec(9)e --+ txe(c)ge



566 /lT, €~€A9n --+ /lT, €~eA9nc with the papyrus and earlier editors (RLD), and

so translated by M. Smith in Betz, Translation ("do not go out from under your canopy").


Aeye'tCXt 'ta. OVO/lcx'tcx --+ Aeye Oe 'ta. OVO/lCX'tCX 0'. Passive AE:ye'tCXt is not characteristic of the language of these instructions, and the papyrus has Aeye'te. RLD regarded this as Atye 'tE, but there is no reason why one should not read this as the commonplace Aeye oe; tau and delta are confused throughout in the papyrus; specifically for 'te in place of oe, cf. 324,503,668,676, 746, 1021. After Atye Oe I find 'tcx Ei 0 (Le. 'ta. ovo/lcx'tcx 0') slightly preferable to the earlier reading 'tcx Ei cx (Le. 'ta. ovo/lcx'tcx). The new reading is also supported by the fact that the scribe

does not add letters to symbols to indicate whether they are singular or plural, and in

Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XIII ( J 395)


the case of a symbol for ÖVOJ.lcx. or OVOJ.lcx.'tcx., the addition of an alpha would be pointless. We may have here a reference to the four names in lines 746 ff.


Kcx.t cix: Stil> 8tcx.Acx.ATtCEt ~ Kcx.t cix: SEOC 8tcx.Acx.AllSTtCn virtually with the papyrus, which differs only in that the future passive is spelled 8tcx.Acx.AllSllCE. The meaning is 'and you will be spoken of as a god'. For this sense of the verb in the passive, cf. Bauer, Wörterbuch, s.v. On the concept of the magician as divine man in the magical papyri, see A.Abt, Die Apologie des Apuleius und die antike Zauberei (RVV IV.2, 1908), pp. 109-11. A survey of and extensive bibliography on the Greco-Roman concept of the divinity of seers, prophets, miracle-workers, poets etc. is given by H.D. Betz in RAC 12, coll. 234-312 s.v. 'Gottmensch II'.


8tcx.1tEpacEtc 11 (Eie) 't0 1tEpcx. ~ 81(X1tEP~C Eie 11 'to 1tEpcx.(V)

289-90 KAUSi J.lOt, 0 Xptc'toc, ev ßcx.cavotc, ßOTtSllCOV ev avaYKcx.lC, eA~TtJ.lrov ev ropcx.lC ßtcx.iotc. Here 0 Xptc'toc ~ 0 XP1lc'toc with the papyrus and earlier editors.

Already Dieterich warned, "man ist nicht befugt, XPlC'tOC zu schreiben. XPllc'toc kommt so öfter vor." Jewish rather than specifically Christian influence pervades so much of this syncretistic text; for the present passage, cf. e.g. LXX Ps. 85,5 ön cu, ciptE, XPllc'toc - - - Kcx.t 1tOAUEAEOC; cf. also SB I 158, 1 1tPOC 'AJ.lEVOOSllV

XPllc'tov SEOV; other references in Bauer, Wörterbuch, s.v. XPllc'toc 1 b ß. PGM's XPlC'tOC led to the incorrect assumption that the present passage contains the only Christian interpolation in the text (see Betz, Translation, p. 180 note 68).


<XJ.lJ.l[cx.] ~ <XJ.lJ.l(cx.)


epyov epyrov E-oPTtJ.lcx.'toc SEOU ~ epyov {EPYOV} EUPTtJ.lcx.'toc SEOU wi th Dieterich. The papyrus has EpyOV' EpyOV E'UpEJ.lcx.'tOC SEOU.


yuvcx.i.Kcx.c ou ~ yuvcx.i.Ka cou as suggested by M. Smith in Betz, Translation, p. 181 note 73.

398 app. er.: add "'tpro1t11C P".

411 eVEaJ.l0pepov ~ ev(v)EaJ.l0pepov

425-6: see above on 54 and 54-55. 433-4 vli'tpov ~ vil'tpov

445 c' ~ CE with the papyrus.

448-9: see above on 143. 500-501 KOCJ.lq>.' Kcx.t ~ KOCJ.lq>.' 1Kcx.t 522-26 run as follows: Kcx.t eyevE'to 1 523 'PUXTt, Kcx.t 1tav'tcx. eKtVTtSll. 0 8e SEOC eepll' '1tav'tcx. 1 524 KlVTtCElC, Kcx.t 1tav'tcx. iAcx.PUVSTtCE'tcx.t 1 525 'EpJ.lOU CE 081lYouv't0c.' 'tOU't' Ei1tov'toc 'tOU SEOU 1tav'tcx. 1 526 eKtVTtSll Kcx.t e1tVEUJ.lcx.'tOOSll aKcx.'tcx.(c)- XE'tOOC. The occurrence of EKElVllSll in 523 appears to be too early; its premature presence here can be explained if one examines the text on the papyrus:


Kcx.t EYEVE'tO


'l'uXll Kcx.t 1tcx.v'tcx. EKElVllSll' 0 8E SEOC E<p1l 1tcx.v'tcx.


K1VllCEtC Kcx.t 1tcx.v'tcx. [EKElVllSllD iAcx.PUVSllCE'tcx.t


EpJ.lOU CE 081lYouv'tOC' 'tOU't El1tOV'tOC 'tOU SEOU 1tcx.v'tcx.


EKEtVllSll Kcx.t E1tVEUJ.lcx.'troSll cx.Kcx.'tcx.XE'troc


Suggestions towards the Improvement of PGM XIII ( J 395)

In 525-6, 1t<XV't<X EKEtV11911 is in its correct place. In 524 the scribe hirnself deleted EKEtV11911 after 1t<XV't<X. I suspect that 1t<XV't<X eKtv11911 was once in the margin, correcting 525-6, and that it incorrect1y entered the text not only in 524, but also in 523, which I would print 'Puxn K<Xt 1ta.v't<X {EKEtV11911} ( ). This allows for the possibility that the passage diverged from Recension A in line 191-2 eßBo- Ilov K<XKXa.COV'toc 'tou 9EOU EyevE'to 'PU X" , K<Xt K<XKXa.~roV EBa.KPUCE. Recension A, in turn, invites one to consider for 523 the possibility of 'PUX", K<Xt {1t<Xv't<X EKEtV11911} (K<X1CXa.~rov EBa.Kpuce) or something similar.


See 211.


E1ttK<XAOUIl<x(t) --+ E1ttK<XAoull<Xt (cf. 588).


Avoy --+ Av<Xy with the papyrus and RLD.


E1ttK<XAOUIl<Xt --+ E1ttK<XAOUIl<x(t) (cf. 582).


ItXtXt(xt) --+ l(t)XtXt(Xt), for at the beginning of the line the papyrus has Xtxt only.


EyeYP<X1t'to is given for an abbreviation where we would give EyeYP(<X1t'to). Preisendanz actually read exeyp or EPeyp, but neither reading of the second letter is certain. Both the second and the third letter, furthermore, appear to have been deleted by the scribe. If E[ . eßyp is correct (as I think it is), the expected EYP(a.<Pl1) can beread.

742 app. er. KU --+ ci with the papyrus. PGM, Vol. 2, p. 270, mistakenly indicates that we have here an abbreviation by contraction of a nomen sacrum; cf. above on 77.

756 ff. The reference to my treatment of these lines made by Merkelbach - Totti, Abrasax

I, p. 211, no longer applies, as I have withdrawn the suggestion that they refer to. 765-6 övoll<X 1t'tolrov't<Xt --+ ÖVOIl<X 11t'torov't<Xt. The papyrus has B [1t'toßI1t'torov't<Xt,

not B 1t'tol1t'torov't<Xt as indicated in PGM app. er.


'to BE 1tEpt c(E) OV üBrop --+ 'to BE 1tEpt ce üBrop. The papyrus has cov, which is best explained as a miscopying of C€.V = ce. Brinkmann (here p. 96 note) correct1y recognized CEv for ce in coll. 4, 17 and 11, 7. On CEv for ce, see now Gignac,

Grammar II, pp. 164-5.


eieEA90tc --+ Eie virtually with the papyrus (etceAgetc, third Ecorrected from 9). The optative of wish is not frequently attested in the magical papyri (see Suppl. Mag. 2, 17-18 comm.).

795 Ö E(a.V) Et1tro --+. Ö E(a.)V Et1tro or Ö ä.v Et1tro. The papyrus has 0 €.V emro. The correction Ö E(a)V Et1tro was proposed by Brinkmann (here p. 96 note), and PGM's E(a.V) is probably a printing error.

797 app. er. The papyrus has c<XP<X~,not cBp<x~; cf. Brinkmann (here p. 96 note).

831 clKProV 1toBrov --+ aKpo1toBrov virtually with the papyrus (<XKpo1toBov).

LSJ, S.v.

aKp01tOUC;, correct1y refers to the present passage for the compound.


1tPOC a1tl1Au.t)'tl1v --+ 1tpOC 'tov a1tl1Atcb'tl1v with earlier editors (RLD). The papyrus

has 1tpO 't11 <X1tUAtro'tl1V, and it would seem that 't11 was miscopied from 'tov. Cf. the preceding 855 <> a1tl1AtOl'tl1C; and the following 858 <> vo'toc - 1tPOC 'tov vo'tov, 860-1 <> At", - 1tPOV 'tov ('t<Xc Pap.) Atß<x, 862-3 <> ßope<xc - 1tPOC 'tov

Suggestions towards the

Improvement of PGM XIII ( J 395)


ßopeuv. The way a scribe such as the present one might write lON (with a small omieron tucked under the tau) could easily have been miscopied as TH. 859 app. er. lacks an indication that papyrus has seven epsilons, not the expected six.


btt1cUA.oß~Ut I ce I -+ E1tUCUA.Oß~Ut ce I


and 899. In 896 PGM gives Ev 'teA.e"C'!l, where one would welcome the anaphoric article 't'ft. In 899 the papyrus has ev 'tT\ 'to upyupco, where the 't'ft following Ev is superfluous (PGM solves this latter difficulty by printing Ev Be 'tq, apyupq,). But if one assurnes a falsely understood marginal EV 't'ft, two problems can be solved simultaneously. In the spirit of Brinkmann I would print 896 EV ('t'ft) 'teA.e'tn and 899 Ev {'t'ft} 'tq, apyupq,. The article 'tn was probably omitted in 896 by haplo- graphy: the papyrus has ev 't11A.11'tT\.


U"{Yuc'tu -+ U"{YUC"(U with the papyrus.


'A~oßv '!uuuuco -+ U~OUVt uuuuco. The first of these words is probably Coptic 'come to me'; see Merkelbach - Totti, Abraxas I, p. 202; cf. Suppl. Mag. 6, 3 comm.

996-7 eUetep eUtVOV ußou, 0 ~eyuc, ~e'Yuc 'Atrov, Ieee, (ci)p(to)c Airov. In 997

the papyrus has eeepcutcov. The abbreviation (1C'o)p(to)c proposed by Preisendanz is unthinkable, and if he meant (ci)p(tO)c, this is unwarrantedly audacious. Nor is (Xe)pcutcov or (Xe)pCUtCOV justified (cf. PGM app. er.). One might consider eee {pc} Aicbv, which produces good enough sense, but leaves pc unexplained. However, there is no compelling reason why Greek words have to be recovered here, and the sequence of letters eeepcutcov is strikingly similar to the series etepeUtVOV which one finds in the magical words in the previous line. Either in 997 the charm reverts to magical words that sound like the ones in 996, or a scribe inserted in 997 a variant of the magical words in 996.


KUßOVtOV -+ xußCOVtcov with the papyrus and Merkelbach - Totti (Abraxas I, pp. 214, 220-1). The rare diminutive XUßroVtOVl denotes a kind of pastry. It is based on xuucbv, also spelled xußcbv, which in the Septuagint transliterates kwn (~~); cf. E. Hatch - H.A. Redpath, A Coneordanee to the Septuagint II, p. 1456 S.v. xuurov; LSJ s.v. It is not related to Kaßoc 'corn measure' from Hebrew lfb (:lp.); see Hatch - Redpath, op. cit., p. 698; LSJ, s.v.


ßUA.rov -+ A.ußrov with the papyrus

and earlier editors. A.ußrov ~ev yaA.u, otvov,

üBcop EV KUtVq> a"{Ydq> is normal recipe Greek; cf. e.g. PGM I 20 A.ußrov 'to

yaA.u cuv 'tq, ~EA.t'tta1to1tte; III 410 A.ußcbv yaA.[u] ßoetOv.


[KUA.& ce] -+ (KUA.& ce)



J 384, Col.






EX~ ~ .p~a••••• v vu~oc K[at Aaß]cov ~t(po[cA.e-yE] 9~p •• x9aßOlaxacp

l1a pJ.!-tAUxa ßEp9tCOX xaP"JA.[ • .lßa ••• 9ax Ö1JPfP<? cp~pß?cco9copat

Cp~~~~~tcoa I1EtAtXt~ßa~EtaKap~EpE'U~pa[.] •~pouX~EPCPP"1X



",EPCPEPXCO OvEPßT\X Xal?+EPßEP UEtX ~u~P ·~a[.]~aI1tAxl9Ep



X~1J~~P cpaXtAEp l1a~ l1axatpt~ 'tau'ta ~?~ [E]t1t0V:[O]C EAEuCE'tat KOPT\

Aal1~aöac Exouca cu AE'YE cpEp9E~tA~X1tEt~ • Kat cßE~9T\cov'tat au't1J[c]

1J~~Öac Kat 1tapac'tT\CE'tat ~?~ ~U1tOUI1EVT\ Kat ~J.!-CPOI1EVT\cu AE'YE 1tOtT\CO

'tOÖE Kat a",co COU 'tac AaI11taöac a~ E~ ?VEtP01t0I11tEtaV a",ElC KE1t~at'tat


av E1tl cpOVOV 1tEJ.l.1tT\C Öoc [a]u"CT\ "Co ~lCPOC Kat ~[CO]CElcot "Cac AaJ.l.1taöac Kat


EAE'UCE"Cat T\J.l.a'YJ.l.EVOV EXo[uc]a "Co ~t<pOC cu El1tE [a]u['tT\] 1tPOCKElC9at "Cac AaI1

1taöac Kat avacp~cov'tat K[a]t cpE'U~E"Cat [ .1

.r J~


"Cana", CPUAalC'tT\PlOV OlCE~[C] a",ac ÖE~ta [x]EtptKa[t] apt[C]"CEpa XEtpt V'UK'tOC


1t[a]pEÖpoc EPCOC


EPCO'tOC 'tEAE'tT\ Kal acptEpco[C]lC Kat K[a]"CacKEUT\ 1t?[t]~t ÖE 1tpa~E[t]C "Cau"Cac Kat OVEt~[O]


1tOJ.l.1tEtav a'YpU1tVtav 1tOtE~~[.l ~~aAA.acCEt K[aK]oÖatl1o[ [E]av op9coc au"Cco XPT\CT\ Ka[l]

ayvcoc Ecnv ~apEXcov 1t~~~ ~~a~lV AaßCOV [lCT\PO]V ["C]UPPT\Vt~[O]~ I1Et~OV au"Cco ~[av]

'YEVOC apcolJ.a'tcov Kat 1tO[t]T\~?~ EpCO'ta öa1C't'UACO~ ?[K}~~ 11T\~?~ AaI11taÖT\CPOP?[V]

Exov"Ca ß~lV l1aKPav E~~~~ •• V

ÖE: ••• ~:1J [aplC"CE]~a~E~~Kpa"CEt'tco "CO~O[V]


Kat ßEAoC Kat 'lf'UXT\V 'tEAEC?~ ['t]au'tov COC Epco'ta ~~~:[a "Cau"C]~ a1tO"C[E]AECac acptEpCOC?[V]


T\I1EPac y 1tapa~CElC ÖE au:~ 1tav'tOta 'YEVT\ K~~[1tCOV VECO]V 1to~[a]~a "CE


AouC ~'tp~'YT\l1a"Ccov1tav 'Y~VOCAUXVOUC al1tA"C~['tOUC.l ~~~[


.l~I1lKpa ~t1ta[]


'ta 1tt~aKtöac 'to~a I1T\Aa CP?~VlKta Kpa'tT\pa KEKp[a]I!-EVOV O~~?J.l.EAm Et"Ca "Ca[u"Ca]

1tOtT\Cac Kat 1tapa9ElC COC U~?KEt"Cat 1tOlT\Cac "Cov ~p~'ta E1tt "Cp[a]1tECT\C 1taVKap


1tO'U EXO'UCT\C 'toue C AUXVOUC KatoJ.l.EVouc AEUKCO ~AatCO Kat oca 1tpoC"fE"fpa1t"Cat


COCÖE ~~~ElV 'tOV"Cov EpCO'ta 1tpCO'tT\ I1EV T\J.l.Epa E1tl~~~:?~ COU au"Cov

E1tl 'tT\V "Cpa1tECaV Kat KOCI1T\cav"Coc COC 1tpO"fE'Ypa1t"Cat 'Ypacpco ÖE COt Ka"C EtÖOC

acp90vcoc lV EtÖT\C Kal J.l.T\ÖEV E1tt~T\'tT\C1tOtT\COV ß~I!-?~ Ka9apov 'tOU't EC"ClV

1tAlV90ue ~I!-acÖUO AaßCOV 1tOtT\COV KEpa'ta ~E,! OtC [E1t]t[n]~T\C~UAaKap1ttl1~

30 Kat AaßCOV 'tT\ 1tpCO't11 T\I1Epa a1t01tVEt~OV Ccoa C Eva ~~~[1C't]~~ova op't'U'Ya


ßaClAEtCKOV 1tEplC'tEpav 'tpu'Y0va Kat 'ta EV1tECOV'ta ~?~ • • .cca ÖUO 'tau'ta

ÖE 1tav'ta 11T\ 9UE aUa Ka'tEXCOV EtC Tii' XEtpaV a1tO~[t]~~~~ al1a 1tPOCCPEPCOLVj

:CO EPCO:l 11~~PlC OU EKac'tOV 't~V CCOCOV a1t01tVt'YT\ ~~~ :[0] ~~[Eu]l1a au"Ccov ElC aLUj

'tOV E~1J Kat :O'tE E1ttn9Et ElC 'tOV ßCOl10V "Ca a1t~[v,h[Evha [c]w apCOJ.l.aclV 1taLVj

35 "COlOlC 'tT\ ÖE ÖE'U'tEpa T\J.l.Epa voccaKlOV appEVtKOV ~[po]c "COV ~pCO'ta a1t01tVEl'YLEj

Kal OAOKa~~:Et 'tT\ ÖE YT\J.l.Epa E'tEpOV voccaKlOV ß .••••.• 1tOtCOV 'tT\V "CEAEL'tTlj Ka"Cacpa'YE 'tOV VEOCCOV 110VOC aAAOC ÖE I1T\ÖElC CUV[EC]:O? ["Cau]"C 0'UV 1tOlT\Cac

ayvcoc ~~~ Ka9apcoc 1tav'tcov E1tt'tEU~T\ AOY[OC 1tpCO't]?C AE"fOI1EVOC

C~V'tT\ ~~~~a

1 ltpa~\c : ltpa~[\c] RLDPr



1!=. p~

v"': 1!= could be u; between 1!= and p, perhaps



two letters; \ could be



~upo[c Atye] : ~upo[e

] LR

: ~upo[c Atye]

D: !;\(j)o[e Aty]a\ (r. Äiye)


after a, perhaps SEP

X-: SEPI10X- Pr : SE

rox- D and sim.

IiL . 'Ii'



Sax (betwe~n' a and S, two or three missing

letters, no mo~e)' ':

'':ta[. ]~a or

9 a,;, e':t <?vupolt0l1ltnav a\llElc* :

n [B)e ove\polt,?l1ltU

[alto)Ä[uOI1EV1'\) 0 : [ .)'?~O?v 'ta'te 16 ltO\E\ B[ )*: lto\Ei K[alt PrRLD

BwÄÄacce\: the expected altaÄÄaccu c~ot'be read; although the firs't iett~r could easily' ~ ~, the second is a longish




S)e ov[e)\p[o)ltOl1lt[1'\c)) :

ßa\~[. ,lSax



SaSa\c: a\


P; : ßapx

Sax 0 and sim. RL












: E ex corr.



'ra[ .)~a



.)Sau Pr : 1'\ SaSa\e




eov . \



lte. ava\llnc D



ltuava .peu RL 11 12 U


proposing [lt)O\COV


15-16 lto[\)e\ Be ltpa~e[\)c - - - lto\n B[

lt or apart of lt



,!apEXcov'" : yap

~~rtica1 that cannot be read as

11 19 E1!=~~S

v BE:

[apK'tE]p'a ~Ep'~* : EKBE~[\]v ['t]covBE [1'\ Se ap\c'tE]pa xe\p Pr :EKBE~tcovBE't.V EV't

~tCOV BE 't[n]v[co]v


left side of lt 11 29 Buo"': Su ex corr. 11 31 'tau'ta corr. from a1tav'ta 11 35 a1tOltVEly[e) with RLD: the itacist

u~<?Ke\'tal: the expected ltpOKe\'ta\ cannot be read; the u is certain, and the next stroke is best explained as the

El. RL: EK Be-

E\'ta 'ta[u'ta] - - - coc ltpoyqpalt-

't[1'\ ap\c'tEpa]




,!~,;,:[a"': ':t[av'ta Pr

11 23-27



spelling is not noted in POM app. er.





with RL : ßco[l1]ip

Eie[SEc] Pr, noting no thing in the app.

er. : ß.<X\

D, proposing ß[i]a\[ov]



1tCLV'tCOV'" with RLD : cmav'tcov




~,!~~a: S or Su





384. Col. 1

3 J 384. Col. 1


J 384, Col. 2


1 E7tlK~Ao\l~E cal :OV EV tT\ KaA1'\ KOltT\ 't[ov] EV 'tco 7t~~LVCO OlKCO ~haKOVT\COV ~Ol Kal a[7t]aYYElAov aEl O'tl av COl El7tCO Kat 07tO~ [a]~ a~OC' 7tapO~OlO\l~EVOC 9ECO 1'\ ~Ea OlCO av CEßCOV'tal Ol avöpEC Kal Ol "fUVal[K]EC AE"(COV 7tav'ta 'ta ü7toypa<pO~EVa


1'\ AE'YO~EVa Kal 7tapa'tl9E~EVa COl 'taX\l ~<t'~aCE 'to 7t\lP E7tl 'ta ElÖCOAa 'ta ~E'YLC'ta

5 Kal Ka'tE7tElEV 0 O\lpaVOC 'tov 1C\lKAoV ~1J [Y]ELVCOCKOV 'tO\l aYELO\l Kav9apo\l AE

[yo]I!-~~O\l <pCOPEl Kav9apoc 0 7t'tEP0<p\l1'\C ~ECO\lpaVCOV 't\lpaWOC a7tEKE<pa


AlC91'\ E~EALC91'\ 'to ~E"(LC'tOV Kal EVÖO~OV ~~'tO\l Ka:EXP1'\Ca'to Kal ÖEC7tO't1'\V 'tO\l O\l

O\lpaVO\l C\lVKa'taKAElcav'tEc 1'\A.A.a~av coc C\l ÖlaKOV1'\CELC ~Ol 7tpOC O\lC 9EACO

avöpac Kal "fUvalKac 1'\KE ~Ol 0 ÖEC7tO't1'\C 'tO\l O\lpaVO\l E7tlAal17tCOV 't1'\ OlKO\l


10 ~EVT\ÖlaKOVT\COV ~Ol El'tE avöpac Kal "fUVatKac ~ElKPO\lC 'tE Kat ~E"(aAo\lC Kal

E7taVa'y'Kac1'\C aEl a\l'tO\lC 7tOlELV 7tav'ta 'ta 'Y~ypa~~EVa \l7t E~O\l 1'\Kal ~Ol 0



't1'\C 'tCOV ~OP<PCOV Kal ÖElE'YElPOV ~Ol avö~ac Kal "fUvalKac ava'YlCacov a\l'tO\lC 7tOl1'\Cal tT\CaEl ELCX\lpa Kal Kpa'ta Ö\lval!-~ 7tav'ta 'ta ü~ E~O\l ypa<pO~Eva 'tE Kat

AE"(O~Eva ELCa<pcaV'ta <pO\lPEl apval' •. ~\lV <ppECO plcoßalOCOl C\l


15 ~,?P~A aÖcoval Kal 7tOl1'\COV a\l'tO\lC EV<POßO\lC LV'tPO~O\lC E7t't01'\~EVO\lC 'tac <ppEVac

~Ol ~ •• ac Öla 'tov <poßov CO\l Kal 7tOlEl 'tco 4 a7tav'ta 'ta 7tpOYEypa~~Eva Eav ÖE ~O\l 7tapaKO\lC1'\C K~['ta]Ka1'\CE'tal 0 1C\lKAOC K[a]l CKO'tOC EC'ta~ Ka9 OA1'\V 't1'\V OlKO\l~EV1'\V


KalO Kav9apoc K[a'ta]ß1'\CE'tal ECOC 7tOl1'\CE~~ I!-<?l ~~~:a oca ypa<pco 1'\ AEYCO ~7tapaßa'tcoc

1'\Ö1'\ 1'\ÖT\ 'taX\l :~[X\l .] ÖE\l'tEPOC AEYO~EV<?~ E7tl :1'\C 9\lClac E~OPKlCCO CE Ka'ta 'tO\l Ka'tE


XOV'toc 'tov K[O]C~[O]VKat 7tOl1'\caV't[O]C 't~'tEccapa 9E~EAlaKat ~El~av'tOC'tO\lC S


aVE~O\lC C\l E~ <? ~~'tpa7t'tcov C\l El 0 ßpOV:COV C~ El 0 C~COV C\l El 0 7tav'ta C'tpE'Vac Kal (60)

E7tavop9cocac ~aA~V 7tOl1'\COV C'tPE<PEC~~~ [7t]~~['t]~C ~v9pC07tO\lC 'tE Kal '7tac~c' "fUVatKac


~~7t ~COC ~O\l 'tO\l 41'\ tT\C 4 a<p 1'\C av 7tapa~:co co~~ EV 'tO\l'tCO 'tco 7tapa'Vl~CO Ka't E7tl'ta

'YTIV 'tO\l \l'VlC'tO\l 9EO\l

laco aöcov~~~ aßAa9avaAßa C~ El 0 7tEplEXCOV 'tac xapl'tac


~v tT\ KOP\l<P1'\ Aa~'VP1'\ C\l El 0 EXCOV EV 't1'\ ~~~la 't1'\V ava'Y1C1Jv ßEA'tE7tlax C\l El 0 Öla

~\lCO~ Kal ÖEC~E\lCOV CE~ECl~Aa~7tEK~~<P E7taKO\lCOV ~O\l a7tO 'tT\C C1'\~EPOV



1'\~EPac Kal ElC 'tov a7tav'ta XPOVOV AOYOC YE7tl 't1'\C a\l't1'\C 9\lClaC E7tl~~Ao\l~al \l~ 9EOl O\lpaVlOl Kal E7tlYlOl Kat aEpOl Kal E7tlX9oVlOl Kat E~OPK~

Cco Ka'ta 'tO\l

Ka'tEXOV'tOC 'ta

S9E~EAla E7tl'tEAEcal ~Ol'tco 41'\ 't1'\ 4



~~~ Öowal ~Ol xapLV 1'\Ö\lYAcocclav E7t[a<p]poÖlClav 7tp~ 7tav'tac av9pco7to\lc


~~~ 7tacac "fUvalKac 'tac \l7tO 't1'\V K'tlCl[V] LVa ~Ol COCl \l7to'tE'taY~EVOl ElC 7tav'ta


~~ ~~~ 9EACO o't~ÖO\lAOC El~l 'tO\l \l'VLC'tO\l 9E<?~ :O\l Ka'tEXov'tO[c] 'tov KOCI10V Kat 7tav'to KI?[a}tOpoc l1apl1aplco9 A.acll1lCOA1'\9 apa~ •C • c1'\ßapß[a]co9 voco aCOl COl1'\P aptT\l1a ~~~~~ 1'\1'\1'\1'\1'\1'\ CO COco co co co co 7tapaYYEAA[co 'tco] E7tl 'tO\l'tCOV 'tE'tay~E[vco]~ AE'YO~EVCO


5 [Y]ElVroClCroV: ro corr. frorn




lCa:EXPTjw'tO:: added later



El'tE: first E ex corr.




IlEva or perhaps ~'YpaIlIlEva (for the latter, cf. Gignac, Grammar, pp. 243-4) 11 14 apval·





lv'tpoll0'UC: v ex corr.






~uv.: apval'c'!v Pr:

11 16 ':Ol.~

ac* or

ac: ~':OxA.[1Jc]ac Pr: lto[l1Jc]ac RLD



TjÖTj 'tax'U :~[X'U .l* ÖE'U'tEPOC : ijÖTj 'taxu ['t]a[x]u. [A.6yoc]

ÖE'U'tEpOC Pr : ijÖTj 'taxu. [A6yoc]




~'Ult.~roc* : Eltl [e]pro'ta Pr :

m[c]8roc RL proposing EUltlc'troC

rol?~ : rop


Pr proposing




rop(ac) alto: 1t ex corr.

ltapaljllllro* 11 24 a~A.a8avaA.~a*: a~A.a[v]aeavaA.~a Pr: a~[A.a]va-



lC'tlCl[V] wa or, perhaps better, lC'tlClvva by a kind of haplography.


J 384, Col. 2

5 J 384, Col. 2


J 384, Col. 3


Epron o['t]t 9EOC 9Erov amxv'trov tarov caßaro9 aBrovat a~[paca]s tapaßßat

AE[yroV'tat] E7tt 'tac y

9~uptro ~~~aKEpj.1TJql 7tavxov~'l! ou'tOt AOYOt YEtVroV'tat Kat

TJj.1EpaC tVa a7toBotC :TJV 7tpa~tV 'tEA.eOOC o'tav BE 7tEIl7tEtC nc a XPTJ~EtC A.eYE Ilovov 'tou'tov 'tov AOYOV a~~ 'tov Epro'ta a7to 'tTJC

5 'tpa7tE~TJC Kat 'ta 7tapaKEtllEVa au['tro] ypaqlE EV 7tt't'taKtBtro 7tEpt rov XPTJ~EtC AOYOC



ypaql0IlEVOC EV 'tro 7tt't'taKtro cu Et 0 vTJ7ttOC 0 ~rov 9EOC 0 EXrov j.10pqlTJv caj.1l-!-r09

caßaro9 'taßar09 COpqlTJ CEOupqlou9 1l0UtCtCPro mAalla yoou9E9EtllTJ oucou

CEtpt ECEtTJEql9avou9 m9aTJ tCtC ax9t Ecp<XVOUV ßtßtOU ßtßtOU CqlTJ CqlTJ aCTJTJa

TJt 7tOp~~9EtC 7tav'ta 't07tOV Kat 7t~~ OtKtaV 07tOU

CE 7tEj.17tCl? ~poc 'tOV /t. 'tTJC /t.


TJ 'tTJv /t. :TJC /t. 7tap0j.10tr09EtC ro c~ßE'tat SEro TJ SEa avaYKacov a,?:,?v 7totTJcat 'toBE


7tpaYj.1a oca 9EAEtC ypaqlE EtC 'to 7tt:['t]aKtOV cuv 'tro AOYro EYEP9EtC EK9aj.1ßoc OPKt~ro CE

Ka'ta 'tOU Kat Ka't E7ttnllOU ovolla'toc ro TJ 7taca K'ttCtC ~7tOKEt:~t 7tactx9rov tßapßou

9apaK:~9Eavroßaßou9aK.rox.:BaIlTJV YEVEC9ro 'tOBE 7tpaYlla TJBTJ ß

Epu9pa 9aAacCTJC 0 EK 'trov B IlEprov 'touc aVEllouc CUVCEtrov 0 E7tt 'tou AOO'tOU



Kas"IlEVOC Kat AaIl7tuptBrov :TJV OATJV OtKOUIlEVTJV Ka9E~TJ yap



EtBTJC EV BE :?tC 7tpOC vo'tov IlEPE~[t]v BpaKrov Et 7t'tEPOEtBTJc ooc yap EqlUC 'tTJ aATJ

9na trotroßapßap aBrovat KOIlßaAtro'l' 9roß taplltroou9 TJKE I-!-0t KAU9t j.1ou

E7tt 'tTJVBE 'tTJv XpEUXV E7tt 'tTJvB~'tTlv 7tpa~tV lleytC'tE apcaj.1ooc[t] 1l0UxaA~vou

xa a~7ta~ aBrovEat eyro

Etll~ CI? cuvl1v'tTJcac U7tO 'to ü:pov ~~?C Kat EBroPl1 Cro


'tTlv 'to~ j.1EYtC'tOU OVCOU yvOOCtV l1V Kat 'tTJPl1Cro ayvooc 1l11BEVt IlE'taBtOOUC


Et j.1t 't~~CCOtC cuvj.1uc'tatC EtC 't~ cac tEPac 'tEAE'tac tapßa9~:~~ IlVTJ'I'tßaro XVTJIlEro'l' EA9E Kat 7tapac'ta E~ ['tlryvBE 'tl1V xpEtaV Kat CUVEP"(T1COV ['t]a 7tapa TJIlEptOU

'tUqlroVtOu IlEAaVOC ypaqll1 avE[llro]Vl1C qlAroyEtnBoc XUAoU ~~~apac C7tEPlla'toc


aKaV~1JC atyu7tnac IltA:OU 'tUqlrovoc acßEC'tOU KOVtac ap't~I-!-[tC]~ac 1l0VOKAroVOU


KOIlEOOC Oj.1ßptOU EPYac'tTlPtOV EU7tpacCEtV

E7tt roo~ opVt9oc apCEVtKOU E7ttypaqlE Kat Ka'tOpu~ov 7tpOC 'tOV OUOOV ~[u] Et 'tO roov XqluptC


roov 0 E~nv xopßat mvaxapcro allouv jr Cqll1' ß· yaKVEql1l CtE9ro jr ~OUCt· ß' CU Et 'tO ro'O

:? aYEtOV a7tO AoXtac 0 EC'ttV CEAßtOUC ßa9tVt qlVtl1ta7tO aOO1l aOO1l aro[t] arota qltaEa 9rou


taro cE~:TJa 9EOO1lql O~UIlßpl1l1l1l1 tU 11 BE

EUXl1 'tou roou 0 Ileyac 9EO[C] oo[c] 1l0t xaptV 7tpa~tV


Kat 't07tro 'tOU'tro 07tOU KEt'tat 'tO roov EV ro OtKro 7tpaYlla'tEUollat eyro BLEJ ~~~~7tTJA 9EroTJql Kat Batllrov aya9?~ E7ta7tOc'tEtAOV :CI?BE 'tro 't07tro 7tacav 7tpa~tV Kat EU[7t]Optav Ka9TJj.1Ept VTJV CU E~ TJ Epyacta j.10U CU Et 0 j.1eyac aj.1j.1rov 0 EV oupavro va[t KUpt]E ßOTJs"COV j.10t


11 27

~['Il] are some misplaced fibers



A.oyov: Ä. ex corr.



xatxa'top'Ill;ov: t added later

with ink on them

11 33

~['Il] et* with RLD

11 30


e RL

: [1S]ltO'Il et


: to

the upper left of

mov: m corr. from 0

JI.Ot* with RLD : lIo[e e]llo{ Pr 11

OltO'll: lt

11 '1

va[t x'llpt]e* : va[{mv. eA.9]t PrD : v

J 384, Co!. 3


J 384, Co!. 3 7


J 384, Co!. 4


OVE1P01t0~[1t0]C aya90KAtUC

Nxßc.oV alÄO'\l'pOV oÄojJ.ENxva ßlO9[av ]~'tov 1t[O]l11Ca.c 1tl't'taKlOV

'ta U1tOKEljJ.EVa Kal ov 9EAtlC OV[E1P01t]0jJ.1tE~Cal Kal

KEljJ.l KEljJ.l eyc.o Ellll 0 Ileya.c 0 EV [c'tolla]n KEljJ.EVOC 1l0jJ.jJ.ou 9c.o9 vavoullßp"

Kal EVypa'Va.c CC

EV9EC E1C 'to c'tojJ.a 'tou alÄoupoU

5 xaplxaKEVupc.o1taapjJ.la9 ov 'to aylOv laOU1E111EOU a11c.olOc.ov E1tavc.o 'tou oupavou



aVEXEujJ.EU VEvvava CEvvava aß~~va9av[a]Äßa aKpajJ.jJ.axajJ.apl aßpa.clÄoua

'tc.o *1tEpl 'tOUOE 0 OE E1tavaYKoc OEUPO jJ.Ol *1t11~a.c 'tOVU<P't11 CEa.U'tOU Ouva

jJ.l 0 K'UplEUc.oV 'tOU 1tav'toc KOCjJ.OU 0 [1t]UplVOC 0* XP"jJ.a'tlCOV 'tc.o *9ap9ap 9ajJ.apa[paD9a9a

ÄajJ.'Vc.opEl EEl E1El ac.o,,11c.o 9110uPlC ~ E1tE10~U E1tEpyaßplc.ov ajJ.11 XP11jJ.ancov

10 jJ.0jJ.jJ.0jJ. 9avaßc.oO a.npavO'\l ßa~Ä11a XP1J9 vaßo'\lCouÄ,,9 pOjJ.ßpou 9apa."Ä

aÄßavaßpc.oxP"~ aßpavaCouX11Ä ~1taKO'\lCOV jJ.OU on jJ.EÄÄc.o 'to jJ.Eya ovo



YElV ac.09 ov 1ta.c 0 1tPOCK'UVEl Kal 1t~C Oalllc.oV <pPElCCEl 0 1tac aYYEÄoc 'ta E1tl'ta.c

'to ovolla EVÖO~OV ovolla 'to Ka'ta 1t~V'tC.OV'tc.ov XPElc.ov * 'tc.o *K'UßPE 9EE 'to 0

COjJ.EVa a1tOl 9E10V oVltt U

'to Ka'ta 'tc.o~ ~ a Ento" ro lauc.o11Eac.oOUE11c.ola E1P11Ka cou


'tOU'tO 'tou'tc.o Kal a1toÄÄc.oß,,~ Expa'to OVE1P01t0jJ.1tOC ~IlElV1OC'tEV'tUpEl'tOU Aaßc.ov 090~10V Ka9ap[o]v KalKa'tgc'tav"v Z ypa'V0v ElC au 'to av9pc.o1tOE10EC Cc.oOlOV Kat 1t'tEpa ä K[al] :11v jJ.EV Äatav XElpa EK'tE'taKO'ta

cuv 'tOlc aplC'tEpolC 1t'tEPOlC ß 1:11v OE E'tEpav ~~~ajJ.jJ.Ev11v Exov:[a] Kal 'tOUC OaK'tU

ÄoUC KEKajJ.jJ.EVOUC E1tt OE 1:11C KE<PaÄ11c ßa.clAtl[O]~ Kal tjJ.a'tlOv 1tEp[l] 'tov 1t11Xuv


Kat ßEÄ1KEC EV 'tc.o ljJ.anc.o E1tavc.o OE 1:11C KE<PaÄ11C KEpa'ta 'taupou 1tpOC OE 'tOlc

yÄOU't01C 1t'\lY11v 0PVEOU 1t'tEPc.o't11v EC'tc.o OE " XElp OE~la 1tPOCEXOuca 'tc.o c'tojJ.axc.o KEKAtlCjJ.EV" E<p EKa'tEpou OE 'tOU c<pupOU ~l<POC EK'tE'tayjJ.EVOv EVypa<pE E1C 'to paKOC Kat 'ta E~ 0 'tOU 9EOU Kat oca 9EAtlC tOElV 'tOV Kal c.oc xaÄajJ.avOplc.o<plAtapC11c.o9pE

Oa<pVlc.oEp91ßEÄVlV pu9aOV1Kc.o'VajJ.jJ.EP1X UjJ.lV Atyc.o Kal cu jJ.E)'a OuvajJ.Evc.ol Oal


jJ.OV 1tOPeu911'tt EtC 'tOV 'tOUOE OlKOV Kal AtYE au'tc.o 'taOE El'ta Nxßc.oV alllÄ'tc.o'toV Äu




XVOV aypa<pov EVÄuXVta.cac 1tÄ11COV KEOpta a'Va.c 'tE E1tlAtYE 'ta U1tOKEtjJ.Eva

o y 0 xaNxjJ.avoplc.o<p tOEapuc.o9 9pEoa<pvlc.o Ep9aßEavlY pu9aVtKc.o 'VajJ.jJ.O

plX 'ta ayta 'tou 0 0 E1taKOuca'tE jJ.ou ~at cu aya9E OatjJ.c.ov ou Kpa'toc jJ.eytc'tov EC'tlV

EV 9EOtC E1taKOUCOV jJ.ou 1topEu9ElC 1tpOC 'tov *E~ 'tov OlKOV au'tou 01tOU KOljJ.a'tal

30 EtC 'tov KOl'tc.ova au'tou Kat 1tapa.c'ta911n au'tc.o <POßEPOC 'tpOjJ.EpOC jJ.E'ta 'tc.ov 'tou 0

jJ.eyaÄc.ov Kat Kpa'tatc.ov 0 Kat ÄeyE au'tc.o 'taOE E~OPKtCc.o CE :"V


'tou jJ.EyaÄou 9EOU 1tOpeu9"Vat 1tpOC 'tov *EV 1:11 apn ~ EV 't11 apn VUlC'tt Kat ÄeyElV au:,?

Ka't ovap 'taOE Eav jJ.E 1tapaKOUC11C Kat jJ.11 1tOPEU9"c [1t]pOC 'tov *EPc.o 'tc.o jJ.eyaÄc.o 9Ec.o

0 c11t9 1:11V c.opav EV 11 E'tEX911C jJ.Eyac 9EOC 'tov * 'to v[u]v 9EOV 'ta 't~E ovojJ.a'ta

OuvajJ.lV COU 't?V



3 ov[tlPOlt]OlLlttlCU\* or -ltEca\: -ltEUCU\ Pr 11 10 ~UIL~A.11U with RLD or ~UIL~A.11U : ~UIL~UA.11U Pr

~~Y11v: 'Il eOIT.

from 11

11 22-31

EV'YPUCPE - - - KU\ A.e'YE U'Il'tCO 'tUliE*



or XPE\8 11 12-13 't~ Elt\'tuclcoILEVU UltO\* 11 14 ovolLu Evliol;ov OVOILU*


a: not indieated in PGM app. ef.

J 384, Col. 4


J 384, Col. 4 9


J 384, Co!. 5


1 K[ al 0] ßEI.Ca.c CE Ka'taK0'l'El ILEAEl.Cn Kal 'ta Kpa'tEa COU ÖOX:El <pay~[ll,:' 'to? 'l'coplcovn KU[Vl] 'tco EV 'talC K07tPl<XlC Ka911ILEVCO Öla 'tOU'tO E7taK[Ouc]O

IL[ o]u 11Ö11 ß 'taxu ß

wa 1L11 ava'YKa.c9co 'tau'ta EK ÖEU'tEPOU AE'YEW

OVElPOU al't1lcEI.C

5 a~~lß11C EI.C 7tIXV'ta ypa'l'0v EI.C ßUC~WOV paKoc allLan 0P-CUYlOU 9EOV E[p]~T1 op[9]ov lßlO7tPOC07tOV E7tl'ta ~~ E7tlypa'l'Ov Kal 'to ovolLa Kal E7tlAEYE 'to~ [AO]10


EP~OU 1L0l OÖ11E'I'a 0 EXCOV 't11v E~OUClav E7tlKaAOUILE cal 'tov E7tl 'tcov [7t]~EU

lLa'tcov 'tE'taYILEvcov 9EOV ~ ÖEl~al 1L0l Ka9 U7tVOUC 'tOÖE

Ka'ta :OU 7ta'tpoc COU OClPlÖOC K<Xl I.ClÖOC 't1lC 1L11'tP?C COU ÖElS<Xl 1L0l 't1J[V] ~op

<P11V cou Kal 7tEpl COV 9EACO *' ovolLa COl 11lwua9l 'l'P117tVO,?~

VE~'t11P ÖlOxa.cßapa ~apaxco OV KaAOUCl ßaAxalL XP11lLancov 7tEpl 'tOUÖE 7tEp[l 7t]av 'tCOV 7tuv9avco 9ElOlLav'twv ovolLa lLE'Ya E7tlKaAEC11 E7tl lLE'YaA11C avaYK11C E7tl KE<paAlKCOLVJ ~al avay KalCOV 7tpaYlLa'tcov El 1L11 CEau'tOV alnaCI.C 7tPOCE7tlAE'YE y 'to laco El'ta 'tOU 9EOU [O]VOlLa


15 'to lLE'Ya E7tlKaAOUILE cal <p9apa <p9al11 <p9aou~ EIL11XaEPCOX9 ßapcox90~~9a 9COlLxalEOU~ apxavBaßap COEa.ECO,?V11COX 11pacov 11ACO<Pß?~ <p9a a9aßpa~la aßpla.cco9 ßapßapßEAcoxa ßapßal~COX YEVEC9co ßa7tAalL11 au'Y11 aßAav~~avaAßa





aßpaCl~oua aKpalLlLaxalLapEl 9co9cop a9coco7tco ElCEA9E lCUplE Kal xpa~~ncov EI.CEAEUCE't<Xl 9EOC O<pE07tPOC07tOC K<Xl a7tOKpl911CE't<Xl COl o'tav BE a7tOAuc[11]C E7tl9uE


'Y11pa.c O<pECOC Ea.V ÖE 9EA11C ÖElK:[l]KOV n 7tol11Cal K<Xl au'toc a7toAu911V<Xl Kl[V]Buvou C 'tac 7tpOC 't1l 9upa AE'YE 'tov AoyoV Kal El7tCOV EK7t0PEUC11 7tPOC9EI.C Au911'tCO[C]~v Ol BECILOl 'tou lf. Kal avu'Y11'tox:av au'tco al 9upal K<Xl IL11ÖElC au'tov 9Eaca.c9co 'tEKIL11PW[V] ÖE O'tl YElVE['t]al Ö11Ca.c ÖE nva 7taVBE't1lV EVKAElCOV EI.C OlKOV Kal E~CO c'ta.c AE[YE] 'tov AoYO E~a~[l]C 11 E7t'taKI.C ou'tcoc E7tlKaAOUlLal ulLa.c 'tou lLE'YaAoU 9EOU 't1l IL[ElyaA11 <pcov11


<Xlca.p ~lco9 oualYVcop lLapcaßcooU'tcop99Aa.ßa9EplLou XOCOp9EV lLavax9cop<p7tEXP11<P 'taco<p[ )co99cox09apcox ßaAE9avXEßpcoou9a.c'taBcov<Xl apILlco9 E7t~V 'tOU['t]?V 'tov AOYOV [ ] Kal Au911 E7tlAE'YE 'tau'ta wa <Xl 9up<Xl avuyox:w oXAoßapaxco ~alAa.1L öapl


.l~BapBapalL7t'tou lap9a lEpßaBlEpßa ßapco9a 9lapßa apß[ )9co[.Jco lLaap



CEILEClA[alL • )PlLapaxvEu lLavE9co9 aYlE El.CEA9E Kal AUCOV 'tOV lf. K<Xl Boc au'tco ?Bov


E~oBo,? [CECE]~YEV ßap<papamc 0 ÖlaAUCOv 7tana 'ta ÖEClLa K<Xl ÖlaAUCO~ :OV 7tEplKEl

ILEVOV C )OV 'tco lf. on E7tl'ta.cCEl COl 0 ILEYa.c Kal apP11'toc Kal OClOC K<Xl Öl~[al]OC Kal <pplK'tOC Kal I.CXu[pOC Kal] a<p9EVlC'tOC Kal <POßEPOC Kal aKa'ta<PPOV11'toc 'tOU lLE'YaAOU 9EOU öallLCOV COpO E YEp [ ]ßa~ lLalL<PPl OUPl~Y o'tav ÖE pa'Y11 'ta ÖEClLa AEYE ~,?~apl.C'tco COl lCUplE

?:~ 1L0l E[

.1 . 'to aylOv 7tVEUlLa 'to ILOVOYEVEC 'to ~COOV Kal 7taAW AE'YE 'tOV AOYOV


~c'tp09[ ] 9EE KEpaUVOILE'YaAOVO~11V07tEpa'tOKOCILOAa.IL7tPOß11A07tAOU'tOÖ<XllLro


K[en 0]

ßE\CCXC*: K[

]pE1CCXC Pr,



't]pftccxc: KCXt oftccxc conj. Bücheler and Kroll (Kcxl




already RL)



ßuccwo~ (i~ ~hich case 1 was added later) or perhaps ßUCEWOV



'tll[V]* flOP with RLD : 'tl[VCX]

flOP Pr




cxScxßpcxX 1CX with RLD






cx ex corr.




01:* with RLD : 'tI:KflllPtO["i]~ OE Pr






flCXPCCXßcoou'tcopSI: Pr 11 27 cxvuycocw: co corr. from CXl 11 33 OUP1~Y: ~ ex corr. 11 3S -~l1VO-: 0 omitted by Pr

J 384, Co!. 5


J 384, Co!. 5 1 1


J 384, Co!. 6



U~ptu<PPt~.U1CtWOO1tCOV ~tOPO<pPT\V oOOAo~[ .••••• .J ~?~Et ~E lCUl tO tOU


T\AlOU 7tpOC 7tUVtU ul9coVT\<patT\ T\<pUlC[ ••.•••

.J~7tUpl<pUT\ AaJ.l

7tP0<pUltU uvuvcoxu UJ.lUp~u J.lupJ.lupuJ.lco • [ ]

EUV ßOUAT\ twU OP'Yl~OJ.lEVOVCOl nvu 7tUUCUl 'Ypu'I'ac [ElC ]OV Z tO tT\c op



op'Y1'\V 7tUVtCOV J.lUAtCtU tOU *' T\ ECtW XVECOJ.l lCUptE XatpE tO XUpttT\ClOV tOu lCOCJ.lOU lCat tT\C OtlC[OUJ.lEV]ryC oupavoc E'YEVEtO


lC0J.lactT\PlOV UPCEVO<pP1'\ 0 ßactAEUC tcov OUPUVlC?[V 9ECOV uß]Auvu9uvußAa


tO ~llCUtOV EXCOV UlCpUJ.lJ.lUXUJ.lUpEt 0 E7ttXUptC 9E~[OC cuvlC]uv9upu 0 tT\C <pUCE


COC T\'YEJ.lCOV CUtpU7tEplCJ.lT\<P T\ 'YEVECtc tOU oupavtOU [lCOCJ.l0U] u99uvvou


u99uvvou actpU<pUt tactpU<pUl 7tUlCE7ttco9 7tU[ •••••• .JT\PWtaclCAlOu9

T\<plCO J.lUPJ.lupuco9 T\ 7tUPPT\ClU J.lOU J.lT\ J.lE 'EV' lCUtUAEl7t[EtCO UAA] UlCOUCUtCO J.lOl

7tacu 'YACOCCU lCUt 7tacu <pCOVT\ on E"fCO 7tEptUCO [ •••••• ]J.lVT\X CUlCJ.lT\<P



.Jcoc 0 EUV ßOUAT\


OVEtpEtT\tOV AE'YOJ.lEVOV 7tpOC UP[, ••••• E7tl tT\C UptctEpac XEtpOC EAalOV AaßCOV E7ttAE'YE tU ?~[OJ.lUtU EltU] ßPE~E lCat lCOlJ.lCO


7tpOC avUtOAac EXCOV tT\V lCE<paAT\V tT\COUC uvou • [.


• •