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## Mechanical Engineering Important MCQ PDF-Fluid Mechanics 1

1) Shear stress in a turbulent flow is given by the formula
τ = η (du / dy)
Where η (eta) is,

a. eddy viscosity

b. apparent viscosity

c. virtual viscosity

b. zero

d. unpredictable

## 4) Friction factor for laminar flow is given by

a. (Re /64)
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b. (64 / Re)

c. (Re / 16)

d. (16 / Re)

## a. The average of velocities at a point over a certain period of time

b. The average of velocities of a single particle over different locations in a fluid flow

## 6) The friction factor in fluid flowing through pipe depends upon

a. Reynold's number

## b. relative roughness of pipe surface

c. both a. and b.

## ANSWER: both a. and b.

7) What is the effect of change in Reynold's number on friction factor in turbulent flow?

a. As the Reynold's number increases the friction factor increases in turbulent flow

b. As the Reynold's number increases the friction factor decreases in turbulent flow

c. change in Reynold's number does not affect the friction factor in turbulent flow

d. unpredictable

ANSWER: As the Reynold's number increases the friction factor decreases in turbulent
flow

8) What is the formula for determining the size of equivalent pipe for two pipes of lengths
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Where,
L = L1 + L2

## ANSWER: (L / d5) = (L1 / d15 ) + (L2 / d25)

9) What is a syphon?

a. A long bend pipe used to carry water from a reservoir at a higher level to another reservoir at a
lower level when two reservoirs are separated by a hill

b. A long bend pipe used to carry water from a reservoir at a lower level to another reservoir at a
higher level with some work input when two reservoirs are separated by a hill

c. A long bend pipe used to carry water from one reservoir to another reservoir when two
reservoirs are at same elevation

d. Unpredictable

ANSWER: A long bend pipe used to carry water from a reservoir at a higher level to
another reservoir at a lower level when two reservoirs are separated by a hill

a. syphon top

b. summit

c. reservoir

## d. none of the above

11) Match the following physical quantities in Group 1 with their dimensions in Group 2.
1. Work done (Energy) (W) ----------------------------- A. [M L 2 T – 3 ]
2. Power (P) ------------------------------------------------ B. [M L – 1 T – 1 ]
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## 3. Momentum (M) ---------------------------------------- C. [M L 2 T – 2 ]

4. Modulus of elasticity (E) ----------------------------- D. [M L T – 1 ]
5. Dynamic viscosity (µ) --------------------------------- E. [M L – 1 T – 2 ]

## 12) Which of the following equations is not dimensionally homogeneous?

Consider standard symbols for quantities.

a. (Force) F = m x a

## b. (Head Loss due to friction) hf = (f L V2) / (2 g d)

c. (Torque) T = F x Distance

## 13) Which of the following is a dimensionless equation?

a. Reynold's equation

b. Euler's equation

c. Weber's equation

## ANSWER: All of the above

14) Which of the following number is applicable in open hydraulic structure such as
spillways, where gravitational force is predominant?

a. Reynold's Number
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b. Euler's Number

c. Weber's Number

d. Froude's Number

## ANSWER: Froude's Number

15) Square root of the ratio of inertia force to elastic force is called as

a. Mach's Number

b. Cauchy's Number

c. Both a. and b.

## ANSWER: Both a. and b.

16) Boundary layer thickness is the distance from the boundary to the point where
velocity of the fluid is

## ANSWER: equal to 99% of free stream velocity

17) The component of the total force exerted by fluid on a body in the direction parallel to
the direction of motion is called as

a. lift

b. drag

c. both a. and b.

## d. none of the above

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18) The sum of components of shear forces in the direction of flow of fluid is called as

a. shear drag

b. friction drag

c. skin drag

## ANSWER: all of the above

19) The body whose surface does not coincide with the streamline when places in a flow is
called as

a. streamline body

b. wave body

c. bluff body

d. induced body

## 20) Which type of body is an airfoil?

a. streamline body

b. wave body

c. bluff body

d. induced body

## a. shear stress to volumetric strain

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d. Unpredictable

## ANSWER: If the pressure on liquid is more than its vapour pressure

23) One litre of a certain fluid weighs 8N. What is its specific volume?

## ANSWER: Pabs = Patm+ Pgauge

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## 25) According to Archimede's principle, if a body is immersed partially or fully in a fluid

then the buoyancy force is _______ the weight of fluid displaced by the body.

a. equal to

b. less than

c. more than

d. unpredictable