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Operating Characteristics of DC
Generators - Electrical Machines
by Manish
6-7 minutes

## This set of Electrical Machines Multiple Choice Questions &

Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Operating Characteristics of
DC Generators”.

## 1. Which of the following characteristics reveal about the

magnetization nature of the machine?
c) Armature characteristics

are required to predict the magnetization of the machine.

## 2. Choose the most inappropriate out of the following for the

no-load characteristics of the dc generator.
a) It is the open circuit characteristic of the machine
b) It is magnetization characteristic of the machine

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## c) It is conducted on the unloaded machine

d) None of the mentioned

Explanation: All the mentioned nature of the characteristics
are correct.

## 3. The external characteristic is plotted between

a) terminal voltage vs armature current at constant
excitation
b) terminal voltage vs field current at constant armature
current
c) induced armature emf vs armature current at constant
excitation
d) none of the mentioned

Explanation: The external characteristic is plotted between
terminal voltage and armature current at fixed excitation.

## 4. A student forgot to mark the x-y axes in his experiments

but he just noted down the cause and the effect for each.
How will he conclude about the armature
characteristic out of the all plotted graphs?
a) By marking graph for constant terminal voltage
b) By marking graph for constant field current
c) By marking graph for constant armature current
d) By marking graph for constant speed

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## Explanation: Armature characteristic is observed at

constant terminal voltage for emf vs armature current.

## 5. Armature characteristic is also known as

a) regulation characteristic
b) magnetization characteristic
c) external characteristic

Explanation: Armature characteristic is also known as
regulation characteristic. It is so called due to the fact that
the difference in the terminal voltage helps to determine the
voltage deviation.

## 6. The air gap line represents

a) magnetic behaviour of the air gap of the dc machine
b) magnetic behaviour of the air gap of the induction
machine
c) magnetic behaviour of the iron core
d) all of the mentioned

Explanation: Air gap line in the magnetization curve
represents the ideal nature of the machine considering no
saturation for the dc machine.

## 7. Identify the armature characteristic of the dc generator.

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a)

b)

c)

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d)

Explanation: At low values of the armature conductor, the
increase in the field current is very small to provide IaRa
drop. At large armature current,field current increases
sharply to compensate for the voltage drop caused by
armature reaction.

## 8. For a given dc generator, the external characteristic is

plotted . Without using further plots, how can we obtain
internal characteristic?
a) By adding the IaRa drop to the plot
c) By reducing IaRa drop
d) All of the mentioned

Explanation: Adding the armature resistance drop we can
obtain the external characteristic for a dc generator.

## 9. Identify the machines by observing their external

characteristics for (i) and (ii) respectively.

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(i)

(ii)
a) Separately excited dc generator, shunt generator
b) Shunt generator, separately excited dc generator
c) Differentially compound dc generator, separately excited
d) Series dc generator, shunt generator

Explanation: In dc shunt generator, voltage drops off much
more rapidly with load due to fal in field current with terminal
voltage.

## 10. The voltage drop in terminal voltage from no-load to full

load in a shunt generator can be compenated using
a) aiding series field
b) long-shunt, diferential field

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## c) aiding shunt field

d) any of the measures

Explanation: By aiding the series field the armature reaction
drop can be compensated.

## 11. Mark the correct order for the external characteristics of

compound generators from the below graph.

## a) 1: over compound, 2: level compound, 3: under

compound, 4: differential compound
b) 1: under compound, 2: level compound, 3: over
compound, 4: differential compound
c) 1: differential compound, 2: level compound, 3: under
compound, 4: over compound
d) 1: over compound, 2: differential compound, 3: under
compound, 4: level compound

Explanation: Over compounding provides maximum voltage
difference at no load while the differential compunding has
least.

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## 12. The external characteristic for the dc series generator is

a)

b)

c)

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d)

Explanation: There is a linear behaviour till the saturation.

## 13. Why is armature of a dc machine made of silicon steel

stampings?
a) To reduce hysteresis loss
b) To reduce eddy current loss
c) For the ease with which slots can be created
d) To achieve high permeability

Explanation: The silicon steel has very high permeability
and makes the flux past consistent. Thereby making lesser
losses.

## 14. What losses occur in the teeth of dc generator?

a) To reduce hysteresis loss
b) To reduce eddy current loss
c) To reduce eddy current as well as hysteresis losses
d) To achieve high permeability

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Explanation: Teeth of the machine has both eddy current
losses as well as hysteresis losses.

## 15. For a 220-V level compound generator the terminal

voltage at the half load is
a) more than 220-V

Explanation: In a level compound dc generator the terminal

## Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series –

Electrical Machines.
To practice all areas of Electrical Machines, here is
complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and

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sanfoundry.com

by Manish
6-7 minutes

## This set of Electrical Machines Multiple Choice Questions &

Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Rotating Amplifiers”.

## 1. The rotating amplifiers are widely used in

a) small amplified outputs
b) large amplified outputs
c) amplified outputs
d) large power gain outputs

Explanation: The rotating amplifiers are applicable in
feedback systems giving large amplified outputs.

## 2. The quantity which make rotating amplifier applicable in

large power levels is/are
a) high power gain and favourable transient conditions
b) favourable transient conditions
c) high power gain

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Explanation: The rotating amplifiers have stable transient
conditions, which makes them favourable to use in high
power sectors.

## 3. The ordinary dc machines are not favourable as

amplidynes due to
a) sluggish transient response
b) low stability
c) poor gain

Explanation: The sluggish transient response of the
ordinary dc machines makes them inappropriate to use
them in amplidynes.

## 4. In rotating amplifiers, armature reaction mmf of the first

stage is made to act as field flux for second stage.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Yes, the reaction mmf of the first stage is
made to act as field flux for second stage to have faster
transient response.

## 5. The cross field machines have

a) two fluxes electrically in quadrature
b) two fluxes mechanically in quadrature
c) one set of brushes per pole

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## d) all of the mentioned

Explanation: The cross field machines have two fluxes

## 6. In cross field rotating amplifiers, there is

a) two stage of flux generators
b) three stage of flux generators
c) four stage of flux generators
d) eight stage of flux generators

Explanation: There are two stages for flux generators in
order to have faster response in the system.

## 7. Metadyne is _________ feedback with respect to main

___________
a) negative, current
b) negative, voltage
c) positive, current
d) positive, voltage

Explanation: Metadyne is negative feedback with respect to
main current flowing in the second stage set of motors.

## 8. An amplidyne, d-axis flux is always neutralized due to

a) compensating winding at all possible loads

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## c) feedback at all possible loads

Explanation: The d-flux is neutralized by compensating
winding at all possible loads as the same flux will be
produced but in the opposite direction so as to cancel the
flux.

## 9. In amplidynes, the resultant d-axis flux is

a) field flux
b) difference of field flux and main flux
c) sum of field flux and main flux
d) cross magnetizing flux

Explanation: The resultant d-axis flux lies along the main
field poles and are so field flux. The d- axis is completely
under the control of field winding and is unaffected by direct
axis current.

## 10. Amplidynes are best applicable in

a) feedback control systems with regulated power supply.
b) power supply
c) speed control of large motors
d) All of the mentioned

Explanation: Amplidynes find applications in feedback
systems with large power handling requirements.

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## 11. Interpoles provide mmf more than armature mmf in a dc

machine.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Interpoles nullify armature cross magnetizing
flux and the reactance voltage. So it is more than the
armature mmf for a good efficient machine.

## 12. The delay of the commutation occurs due base cause of

emf induced due to
a) self inductance, mutual inductance
b) self inductance
c) mutual inductance
d) leakage inductance

Explanation: The commutation in dc machines is delayed
because of the emf induced in the coils and the mutual
interaction of the field with neighbour coils.

## 13. I. DC shunt motor – variable speed application

II. DC compound generator – constant supply voltage
III. Differentially compounded motor – welding purposes
Above are the applications of the dc machines , but all are
not matched correctly. Choose the wrong marking
a) III
b) II
c) I,III

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d) III,II

Explanation: Differentially compounded generators are used
for welding purposes, not motors.

## 14. I. DC shunt motor – Lathe machine

II. DC compound generator – Drilling machine
III. Differentially compounded generator – welding purposes
Above are the applications of the dc machines, but all are
not matched correctly. Choose the wrong marking
a) II
b) III
c) I,III
d) III,II

Explanation: DC compound generators are used for
maintaining constant voltage across the terminals.

15. Mark the order for the decreasing order of the voltage
regulation for dc generators
a) DC shunt generator > level compound generator >
Differential compound generator
b) DC shunt generator < level compound generator <
Differential compound generator
c) Level compound generator > DC shunt generator >
Differential compound generator
d) Level compound generator < DC shunt generator <
Differential compound generator

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