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USEFUL INFORMATION FOR CIVIL SITE

ENGINEERS
Admin | December 2, 2016 | CIVIL ENGINEERING | 17 Comments

USEFUL TIPS FOR CIVIL SITE ENGINEERS:


GRADE OF CONCRETE:
M5 – 1 : 4 : 8

M10 – 1 : 3 : 6
M15 – 1 : 2 : 4
M20 – 1 : 1.5 : 3
M25 – 1 : 1 : 2

CLEAR COVER TO MAIN REINFORCEMENT:


Footings : 50 mm

Raft Foundation (Top) : 50 mm


Raft Foundation (Bottom) : 75 mm
Raft Foundation (Side) : 75 mm

Beam : 25 mm
Strap Beam : 50 mm

Column :40 mm
Slab : 15 mm

flat Slab : 20 mm

Staircase : 15 mm
Retaining Wall : 20 – 25 mm

Water Retaining Structures : 2 0- 30 mm

Maximum water absorption by bricks – 15%

Compressive strength of bricks – 3.5 N/mm2


Density Of Bricks- 1600-1920 Kg/m3

Minimum thickness of slab – 125 mm

Dimension tolerance for cubes – +2


Maximum free fall of concrete – 1.50 m

Lapping should not be used for the bars having larger dia than 36 mm.

Binding wire required for steel reinforcement – 8 kg per MT


3 samples should be taken for every 100 m2 in core cutting test.
Maximum chair spacing – 1 m.
Minimum dia should be used in dowels rod – 12 mm.

Hook for strriups (one side) – 9D


No. of strriups = (clear span/spanning) + 1

Length of main steel in cantilever anchorage – 69D.

Minimum no. of bars in square column – 4


Minimum no. of bars in circular column – 6
Minimum dia of main bars and distributors in the slab – 8 mm.

Maximum dia of main bars and distributors in the slab – 1/8 of slab thickness.
All reinforcement should be free from mill scales, loose rust, and coats of paints, oil or any other substances.

SETTING TIME:
Initial setting time should not be less than 30 minutes.
Final setting time should not be greater than 10 hours.

REQUIRED CURING DAYS:


Super sulfate cement – 7 days
Ordinary portland cement – 10 days
Cement with minerals and admixtures – 14 days.

SLUMP VALUE (IS-456):


Lightly reinforced concrete: 25 – 75 mm.

Heavily reinforced concrete: 75 – 100 mm.


Trench fill : 100 – 150 mm ( for in-situ & tremie).

CUBE SAMPLES:
1 – 5 m3 : 1 No.

6 – 15 m3 : 2 No..

16 – 30 m3 :3 No.
31 -50 m3 : 4 No.

Above 50 m3 : 4 + 1 no. of addition for each 50 m3.


TOP 10 REQUIREMENTS TO BE A
SUCCESSFUL CIVIL ENGINEER
Admin | November 15, 2016 | CIVIL ENGINEERING | 28 Comments

THESE ARE THE TOP 10 REQUIREMENTS TO BECOME A SUCCESSFUL CIVIL ENGINEER:

1. TESTS OF BUILDING MATERIALS:


A good civil engineer should have proper knowledge of different tests of building materials. Some important tests
are listed below.

Concrete Test: Slump test, compression test, split tensile test, soundness etc.

Soil Test: Core cutter test, compaction test,sand replacement test, triaxial test, consolidation test etc.
Bitumen Test: Ductility test, softening point test, gravity test, penetration test etc.

2. INVESTIGATION OF SOIL:
Various soil tests are conducted to determine the settlement and stability of soils before starting a construction.
So as a civil engineer, you should have enough knowledge of these tests which are performed at the site.

3. USES OF SURVEYING INSTRUMENTS:


Usages of surveying instruments like the total station, theodolite etc is also a mandatory knowledge for every
civil engineer. These instruments are used for marking and measurements.

4. STANDARD CODES USED IN CONSTRUCTION:


Every country has their standard safety specifications (eg: Is Code) for construction related works. All new
construction should be done by following all the rules and procedures mentioned in the standard codes.
Otherwise, chances of failure of a structure will be always high.

5. BAR BENDING SCHEDULE:


Bar bending schedule is an essential chart for civil engineers. It provides the reinforcement calculation of RC
beam such as cutting length, type of bending, the length of bending etc.

6. DRAWING AND DESIGN:

Drawing and design are the primary keys of an ongoing project. It provides all the required specifications of that
project. Every site engineers should have the analyzing power of such drawings and designs.

7. ESTIMATION AND BILLS:


Estimation and bills should be prepared by a civil engineer in a construction project.

8. QUALITY CONTROL:
Quality control ensures the profit of a project by reducing the extra costs. So you must have a basic knowledge
of quality control.

9. ON FIELD MANAGEMENT:
Knowledge of form-work, concreting, safety measures etc is also a key aspect.
10. COORDINATION WITH LABOR:
As a civil engineer you must know how to deal with labors in a site.