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Testing Procedures

S TA N D A R D I Z E D P R O C E D U R E S P R O V I D E C E R TA I N T Y

Comprehensive quality management con- categories. Visual peculiarities must not


trols all production process at PIC, from the negatively affect the functioning of the
quality of the raw materials through to the component.
finished product. This ensures that only
released parts that meet the quality speci- The finish criteria relate to:
fications go on for further processing and ꔴ surface finish of the electrode
delivery. ꔴ pores in the ceramic
ꔴ chipping of the edges, scratches, etc.
Electrical Testing
Small-Signal Measurements Quality Level
The data for the piezoelectric and dielectric All tests are carried out in accordance with
properties such as frequencies, impedances, the DIN ISO 2859 standardized sampling
coupling factors, capacitances and loss method. The AQL 1.0 level of testing applies
factors is determined in small-signal mea- for the electrical assessment, for example. A
surements. special product specification can be agreed
for custom-engineered products. This
Large-Signal Measurements
includes the relevant release records, plots
DC measurements with voltages of up of the measured values or individual
to 1200 V are carried out on actuators to de- measured values of certain test samples
termine the strain, hysteresis and dielectric through to the testing of each individual
strength in an automated routine test. piece, for example.
Geometric and Visual Testing Processes
Measurement of Material Data
For complex measurements, image proces-
sing measurement devices and white-light The data is determined using test pieces
interferometers for topographical exami- with the geometric dimensions laid down in
nations are available. accordance with the EN 50324-2 standard
and are typical values (see p. 14 ff). Con-
Visual Limit Values formance to these typical parameters is
Ceramic components must conform to documented by continual testing of the indi-
certain visual specifications. PIC has set its vidual material batches before they are re-
own criteria for the quality assessment of the leased. The characteristics of the individual
surface finishes, which follow the former product can deviate from this and are deter-
MIL-STD-1376. A large variety of appli- mined as a function of the geometry, varia-
cations are taken into account, for special tions in the manufacturing processes and
requirements there are graduated sorting measuring or control conditions.

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