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Fainting and seizures

 When a person stops responding for less than a minute and then seems fine .
 The victim feels dizzy seconds before stops responding.
 Fainting often occurs when the victim
-stands without moving for a long time, especially if it is hot.
-suddenly stands after squatting or bending down.
-receives bad news.
Actions for fainting
 If a person is dizzy but still responds
• Make sure the scene is safe
• Help the victim lie flat on the floor
 If a person faints and then starts to respond:
• Ask the victim to continue to lie flat on the floor until all the dizziness goes away
• If the victim remains dizzy, raise the victim’s legs just above the of the heart and keep
them elevated until the victim is no longer dizzy.
• If the victim fell, look for injuries
• Once the victim no longer dizzy, help the victim to sit up very slowly

Seizures (convulsions, fit)

 Epilepsy is a common neurological condition affecting up to 1-2% of the population.
 Although it is more likely to be diagnosed in childhood or senior years, it is not confined to any age
group, sex, or race and can be diagnosed at any age.

Types of epilepsy
1. Minor epilepsy
Individual becomes pale with eyes fixed and not conscious of his surroundings, may resume his
previous activity as though nothing has happened.
2. Major epilepsy
 The person sometimes has a premonition that he is going to have a fit.
 Headache, irritability, restlessness or feeling of lethargy (dreamy state(
 These sensations, if they occur, are quite brief.
Stages of fit
 Sudden LOC and falls, sometimes with a cry.


 Remain rigid for a few seconds. (face and neck becomes congested and cyanosed)
 Convulsions. (Contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles, noisy breathing through a
clenched jaw, frothy secretions, may bite tongue loss control of bladder and bowel.
 Muscles become relaxed (flaccid(

When regain consciousness, he loses his memory for recent events, Confused, May feel exhausted, and
fall into a deep sleep.

Febrile Seizure

Febrile seizure is a generalized tonic-clonic seizure that occurs in some children as a response to rapidly
rising fever .

Actions for a seizure

1. Protect the victim from injury by:
 moving furniture or other objects out of the victim’s way
 Cushion their head. (Placing a pad or towel under the victim’s head).
2. Phone or have someone to phone your EMS .
3. Keep airway open
4. Guide patient, but don’t restrict his movement
5. Protect him from danger, fire, water.…
6. Remove any false teeth, put soft cloth between his jaws to prevent tongue being bitten.
7. Wipe away any frothy secretion from the mouth.
8. After the seizure, check to see if the victim is breathing, if no breathing start CPR
9. Observe for possible recurrence, don’t leave him until he is fully aware
10. Aid breathing by gently placing them in the recovery position once the seizure has finished
11. Be calmly reassuring
12. Stay with the person until recovery is complete or send him to hospital

Don't ...
 Restrain the person
 Try to move the person unless they are in danger
 Give the person anything to eat or drink until they are fully recovered

Hysterical fits

 A reaction to emotional upset or mental stress.
Arm flying, crying, tearing, rolling on the ground

- Reassurance – gently but firmly
- Give him something to do.
- Keep under observation