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AL

PDH radio systems


Compact version

User manual

Volume 1/1
MN.00142.E – 001
The information contained in this handbook is subject to change without notice.
Property of Siae Microelettronica S.p.A. All rights reserved according to the law and according to the international regula-
tions. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
without written permission from Siae Microelettronica S.p.A.
Unless otherwise specified, reference to a Company, name, data and address produced on the screen displayed is purely
indicative aiming at illustrating the use of the product.
Microsoft, MS–DOS, Windows, Windows NT and Windows 95 are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Hewlett Packard, HP, HP OpenView Windows, Vectra and HP–UX are Hewlett Packard Company registered trademarks.
OSF Motif is an Open Software Foundation registered trademark.
UNIX is a Unix Systems Laboratories registered trademark.
INGRES is a Computer Associates registered trademark.
Other products cited here in are constructor registered trademarks.
Via Michelangelo Buonarroti, 21 – 20093 Cologno Monzese, Milano – Italy
Tel. (+39) 02 27325.1 – Fax (+39) 02 25301505 – e–mail siaemi@siaemic.it
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ÎÎÎÎÎÎ Contents
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Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
User guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

1. DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

2. FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND SAFETY RULES . . 5

2.1 FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


2.1.1 Artificial respiration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1.2 Treatment of burns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2 SAFETY RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

3. PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

3.1 PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


3.2 AUDIENCE BASIC KNOWLEDGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.3 STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Descriptions and specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

4. ABBREVIATION LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

4.1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 I


Contents

5. SYSTEM PRESENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

5.1 RADIO SYSTEM OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


5.1.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
5.2 COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . 17
5.3 APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
5.4 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
5.4.1 IDU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
5.4.2 ODU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5.5 MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5.5.1 Management ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5.5.2 Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

6. EQUIPMENT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

6.1 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

7. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INDOOR UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

7.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
7.2 TRIBUTARY INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
7.2.1 2 Mbit/s interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
7.3 SERVICE CHANNEL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
7.3.1 V.28 low speed synchronous/asynchronous data . 34
7.3.2 Alarm interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
7.3.3 64 kbit/s contra–directional interface V.11 (optional) 35
7.3.4 Network Management Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
7.4 MODULATOR/DEMODULATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
7.5 CABLE INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
7.6 AVAILABLE LOOPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDOOR UNIT – PDH INTERFACES . . . 39

8.1 1+0/1+1 IDU VERSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39


8.1.1 Line interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
8.1.2 Radio interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
8.1.3 Equipment controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
8.2 IDU LOOPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

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Inhaltsverzeichnis

8.2.1 Tributary loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44


8.2.2 Baseband unit loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
8.2.3 IDU loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

9. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE OUTDOOR UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

9.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
9.2 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

10. DESCRIPTION OF THE OUTDOOR UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

10.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
10.2 TRANSMIT SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
10.3 RECEIVE SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
10.4 CABLE INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
10.5 ATPC OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
10.6 1+1 Tx SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
10.7 POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

11. INSTALLATION AND PROCEDURESFOR ENSURING


ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

11.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
11.2 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
11.2.1 IDU installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
11.3 ELECTRICAL WIRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
11.4 GROUNDING CONNECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

12. USER CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

12.1 CONNECTOR USE FOR 1+0/1+1 STANDARD VERSION . . . . . . 75


12.2 STANDARD VERSION CONNECTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 III


Contents

13. INSTALLATION ONTO THE POLE OF THE ODU WITH SEPARATED


ANTENNA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

13.1 INSTALLATION KIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79


13.2 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED) . . . . . . 80
13.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
13.4 GROUNDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

14. INSTALLATION ONTO THE WALL OF THE ODU WITH SEPARATED


ANTENNA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

14.1 INSTALLATION KIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93


14.2 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED) . . . . . . 94
14.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
14.4 GROUNDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

15. INSTALLATION ONTO THE POLE OF THE ODU WITH


INTEGRATED ANTENNA (KIT V52191, V52192) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

15.1 FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105


15.2 INSTALLATION KIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
15.3 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED) . . . . . . 106
15.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
15.4.1 Installation onto the pole of the support system and
the antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
15.4.2 Installation of ODU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
15.4.3 ODU installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
15.5 ANTENNA AIMING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
15.6 GROUNDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

16. INSTALLATION ONTO THE POLE OF THE ODU WITH


INTEGRATED ANTENNA (KIT V32307, V32308) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

16.1 FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127


16.2 INSTALLATION KIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
16.3 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED) . . . . . . 128
16.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

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Inhaltsverzeichnis

16.5 1+0 MOUNTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129


16.5.1 Setting antenna polarization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
16.5.2 Installation of the centring ring on the antenna . . . 129
16.5.3 Installation of 1+0 ODU support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
16.5.4 Installation onto the pole of the assembled structure 129
16.5.5 Installation of ODU (on 1+0 support) . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
16.5.6 Antenna aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
16.5.7 ODU grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
16.6 1+1 MOUNTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
16.6.1 Installation of Hybrid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
16.6.2 Installation of ODUs (on hybrid for 1+1 version) . . 131

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Line–up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

17. LINE–UP OF THE RADIO HOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

17.1 LINE–UP OF THE RADIO HOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145


17.1.1 Antenna alignment and received field measurement 145
17.1.2 Network element configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
17.1.3 Radio checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

18. PERIODICAL CHECKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

18.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151


18.2 CHECKS TO BE CARRIED OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

19. TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

19.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153


19.2 TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
19.2.1 Loop facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
19.2.2 Alarm messages processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 V


Contents

20. EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION UPLOAD/SAVE/DOWNLOAD.


PARAMETER MODIFICATION AND CREATION OF VIRTUAL
CONFIGURATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

20.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157


20.2 PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
20.2.1 General equipment configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
20.2.2 Addresses and routing table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
20.2.3 Remote Element Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

21. BACK UP FULL EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION WITHOUT


POSSIBILITY OF MODIFYING THE PARAMETERS . . . . . . . . . . . 163

21.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163


21.2 CONFIGURATION UPLOAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
21.3 CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Programming and supervision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

22. PROGRAMMING AND SUPERVISION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

22.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

23. COMPOSITION OF THE INDOOR UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171

23.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171


23.2 IDU PART NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171

24. COMPOSITION OF OUTDOOR UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

24.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

VI AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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User guide

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 1


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

2 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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1.

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1 DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY

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SIAE Microelettronica S.p.A. declares that the products:


• Digital radio relay system AL7
• Digital radio relay system AL8
• Digital radio relay system AL11
• Digital radio relay system AL13
• Digital radio relay system AL15
• Digital radio relay system AL18
• Digital radio relay system AL23
• Digital radio relay system AL25
• Digital radio relay system AL28
• Digital radio relay system AL38
comply with the essential requirements of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive (1999/05/EC) and
therefore is marked CE.
The following standards apply:
• EN 60950 200 “Safety of information technology equipment”.
• EN 301 489–4 V.1.3.1 (2002–8): “Electromagnetic compatibility and radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment
and services; Part 4. Specific conditions for fixed radio links and ancillary equipment
and services”
• ETSI EN 301 751 V.1.1. (2002–12): “Fixed Radio Systems; Point–to point equipment
and antennas; generic harmonized standard for point–to–point digital fixed radio
systems and antennas covering the essential requirements under article 3.2 of the
1999/5/EC Directive”.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 3


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

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2.

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FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL
SHOCK AND SAFETY RULES
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2.1 FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK

Do not touch the patient with bare hands until the circuit has been opened. Open the circuit
by switching off the line switches. If that is not possible protect yourself with dry material and
free the patient from the conductor.

2.1.1 Artificial respiration

It is important to start mouth resuscitation at once and to call a doctor immediately. suggested
procedure for mouth to mouth resuscitation method is described in the Tab. 2.1.

2.1.2 Treatment of burns

This treatment should be used after the patient has regained consciousness. It can also be
employed while artificial respiration is being applied (in this case there should be at least two
persons present).

Warning

• Do not attempt to remove clothing from burnt sections


• Apply dry gauze on the burns
• Do not apply ointments or other oily substances.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 5


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Tab. 2.1

Step Description Figure


1 Lay the patient on his back with his arms parallel to the body. If the
patient is laying on an inclined plane, make sure that his stomach
is slightly lower than his chest. Open the patients mouth and
check that there is no foreign matter in mouth (dentures, chewing
gum, etc.).
2 Kneel beside the patient level with his head. Put an hand under
the patient’s head and one under his neck.
Lift the patient’s head and let it recline backwards as far as
possible.

3 Shift the hand from the patient’s neck to his chin and his mouth,
the index along his jawbone, and keep the other fingers closed to-
gether. While performing these operations take a good supply of
oxygen by taking deep breaths with your mouth open.

4 With your thumb between the patient’s chin and mouth keep his
lips together and blow into his nasal cavities

5 While performing these operations observe if the patient’s chest


rises. If not it is possible that his nose is blocked: in that case open
the patient’s mouth as much as possible by pressing on his chin
with your hand, place your lips around his mouth and blow into his
oral cavity. Observe if the patient’s chest heaves. This second
method can be used instead of the first even when the patient’s
nose is not obstructed, provided his nose is kept closed by pres-
sing the nostrils together using the hand you were holding his
head with. The patient’s head must be kept sloping backwards as
much as possible.
6 Start with ten rapid expirations, hence continue at a rate of twelve/
fifteen expirations per minute. Go on like this until the patient has
regained conscious–ness, or until a doctor has ascertained his
death.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

2.2 SAFETY RULES

When the equipment units are provided with the plate, shown in Fig. 2.1, it means that they
contain components electrostatic charge sensitive.

Fig. 2.1

In order to prevent the units from being damaged while handling, it is advisable to wear an
elasticised band (Fig. 2.2) around the wrist ground connected through coiled cord (Fig. 2.3).
Elasticized

Band

Fig. 2.2

Fig. 2.3

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 7


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

The units showing the label, shown in Fig. 2.4, include laser diodes and the emitted power can
be dangerous for eyes; avoid exposure in the direction of optical signal emission.

LASER

Fig. 2.4

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3.

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PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE
MANUAL
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ

3.1 PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL

The purpose of this manual consists in providing the user with information which allows to
operate and maintain the ALC radio family.
Warning: This manual does not include information relevant to the SCT/LCT management
program windows and relevant application. They will provided by the program itself as help–on
line.

3.2 AUDIENCE BASIC KNOWLEDGE

The following knowledge and skills are required to operate the equipment:
• a basic understanding of microwave transmission
• installation and maintenance experience on digital radio system
• a good knowledge of IP/OSI networks and routing policy.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

3.3 STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL

The manual is subdivided into sections each of them developing a specific topic entitling the
section.
Each section consists of a set of chapters, enlarging the main subject master.

Section 1 – User Guide

It provides the information about the main safety rules and expounds the purpose and the
structure of the manual.

Section 2 – Description and specifications

It traces the broad line of equipment operation and lists the main technical characteristics of the
whole equipment and units it consists of.
List of abbreviation meaning is also supplied.

Section 3 – Installation

The mechanical installation procedures are herein set down as well as the user electrical
connections.
The content of the tool kit (if supplied) is also listed.

Section 4 – Line–Up

Line–up procedures are described as well as checks to be carried out for the equipment correct
operation. The list of the instruments to be used and their characteristics are also set down.

Section 5 – Maintenance

The routine maintenance actions are described as well as fault location procedures in order to
identify the faulty unit and to re–establish the operation after its replacement with a spare one.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Section 6 – Programming and supervision

The ALC radio family is programmed and supervised using different software tools. Some of
them are already available, some other will be available in the future.
This section lists the tools implemented and indicates if descriptions are already available.
Each description of software tools is supplied in a separated manual.

Section 7 – Composition

Position, part numbers of the components the equipment consist of, are shown in this section.

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Descriptions and
specification

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CM.89012.I

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4.

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ABBREVIATION LIST

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4.1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

– AF Assured Forwarding
– AL–C Access Link Compact Version
– AIS Alarm Indication Signal
– ATPC Automaric Transmit Power Control
– BB Baseband
– BBER Background Block Error Radio
– BER Bit Error Rate
– DSCP Differentiated Service Code Point
– DSP Digital Signal Processing
– EMC/EMI Electromagnetic Compatibility/Electromagnetic Interference
– EOC Embedded Overhead Channel
– ERC european Radiocommunication Committee
– ESD Electrostatic Discharge
– FEC Forward Error Corrector
– FEM Fast Ethernet Module
– HDLC High Level Data Link Control
– IDU Indoor Unit
– IF Intermediate Frequency
– IpToS Type of Service IP
– LAN Local Area Network
– LAPS Link Access Procedure SDH
– LCT Local Craft Terminal
– LIM Line Interface Module

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

– LLF Link Loss Forwarding


– LOF Loss Of Frame
– LOS Loss Of Signal
– MAC Media Access Control
– MDI Medium Dependent Interface
– MDIX Medium Dependent Interface Crossover
– MIB Management Information Base
– MMIC Monolitic Microwave Integrated Circuit
– MTBF Mean Time Between Failure
– NE Network Element
– ODU Outdoor Unit
– OSI Open System Interconnection
– PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
– PPI Plesiochronous Physical Interface
– PPP Point to Point Protocol
– PTOS Priority Type Of Service
– RIM Radio Interface Module
– SCT Subnetwork Craft Terminal
– SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
– TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
– TOS Type Of Service
– VID Virtual LAN Identifier
– VLAN Virtual LAN
– WFQ Wait Fair Queue
– Wayside Traffic Additional 2 Mbit/s Traffic

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5.

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SYSTEM PRESENTATION

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5.1 RADIO SYSTEM OVERVIEW

5.1.1 General

AL is SIAE’s PDH radio series for low–to–medium transmission capacities in frequency bands
from 7 to 38 GHz.
Different hardware versions offer a range of transmission capacities from 2xE1 to 16xE1, on 4
and 16QAM modulation.
Reduced cost, high reliability, compact size, light weight and full programmability are the key
features of this radio series.

5.2 COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

The equipment complies with the following international standards:


• EN 301 489–4 for EMC
• ITU–R recommendations for all frequency bands
• EN 300 132–2 characteristics for power supply
• EN 300 019 environmental characteristics (Operation class 3.2 for IDU and class 4.1
for ODU; storage: class 1.2; transport: class 2.3)
• EN 60950 for safety

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

5.3 APPLICATIONS

AL main applications are:


• radio communication between GSM cells
• radio links for voice and data transmission
• spur routes for high capacity radio system
• emergency links

5.4 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

The AL radio equipment consist of two separate units:


• the indoor unit (IDU) that houses tributary interfaces, modem and controller units
• the outdoor unit (ODU) that converts IF signals into RF signals and vice versa.
The two units are interconnected via coaxial cable. Fig. 5.1 and Fig. 5.2 show a typical IDU/ODU
layout whereas Fig. 5.3 and Fig. 5.4 show the radio block diagram in 1+0 and 1+1 configuration
respectively.

5.4.1 IDU

The IDU is available in the following hardware versions:


• 1 rack unit compact IDU, 1+0 configuration, 2/4/8xE1
• 1 rack unit compact IDU, 1+0 configuration, 2/4/8/16xE1
• 1 rack unit compact IDU, 1+1 configuration, 2/4/8xE1
• 1 rack unit compact IDU, 1+1 configuration, 2/4/8/16xE1

Compact IDUs consist of a single circuit board plugged into a wired shelf.
Line interfaces house tributary connections and, through a multiplexing/demultiplexing and bit
insertion/extraction process, supply/receive the aggregate signal to/from the
modulator/demodulator.
Line interfaces carry out the digital processing for the QAM modulator and, in 1+1 configuration,
duplicate the main signals on the transmission side and perform the changeover on the receive
side. Interfaces towards the ODU house the cable interface for bidirectional communication
between ODU and IDU, and implement the IF section of the mo–demodulator.
IDU power supply units process battery voltage and supply power to IDU and ODU circuits. The
controller section of the radio houses service channels interfaces, stores IDU firmware,

18 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

interfaces SIAE management systems though dedicated supervision ports, and routes external
and internal alarms to relay contacts.

5.4.2 ODU

The ODU houses the interface towards the IDU on one side, and towards the antenna flange
on the other. The ODU shifts the incoming QAM–modulated carrier to RF frequency through a
double conversion. The opposite occurs at the receive side, when the IF–converted carrier is
sent to the IDU demodulator.
Antenna coupling in 1+1 systems is done through a balanced or unbalanced hybrid.

5.5 MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

AL radio can be controlled locally and remotely via SIAE supervision software:
• SCT/LCT: a Windows–based management system for small networks (up to 100 NE)
• NMS5–LX: a Linux–based management system for small–to–medium networks (up
to 750 NE)
• NMS5–UX: a Unix–based management system for large networks (up to 2500 NE)
These systems provide a friendly graphic interface complying with current standard use of
keyboards, mouse and windows.

5.5.1 Management ports

AL radio terminals connect to the supervision network via the following communication ports:
• Ethernet 10BaseT Port
• USB port

5.5.2 Protocols

SNMP along with IP or OSI protocol stacks are used to manage AL operation.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Fig. 5.1 1+1 ODU typical configuration with integrated antenna

Trib. 1–2–3–4 Trib. 9–10–11–12

Q3 LCT USER IN/OUT 48V1 48V2


TX RX PS1
TEST 1
1 2 1 2
R AL 2
Trib. 5–6–7–8 Trib. 13–14–15–16 PS2
– –
+

Fig. 5.2 1+1 IDU typical configuration – 2x2, 4x2, 8x2, 16x2 Mbit/s

20 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


Line Interface CABLE
IF CABLE CABLE

Fig. 5.3
Tx1
MOD INTERF. INTERF.
Main traffic 1 SW
MUX DSP CONTR.
BI IF
MOD Rx1
DEM
Services DSP
DEM ODU 1
48 V
BATT.

Services ODU 1 4 dB
or
CONTROLLER
1.5/7.5 dB

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


BE

Radio Interface 1

1+1 equipment block diagram


Main traffic
DEMUX CABLE
IF CABLE CABLE Tx2
MOD INTERF. INTERF.
2 SW
IF CONTR.
Rx2
DEM

DSP ODU 2
DEM 48 V
BATT.
1.

IDU CONTROL

ODU CONTROL
ODU 2
CONTROLLER
MAIN
SCT/LCT
CONTROLLER

ALARM

Controller Unit Radio Interface 2


TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

21
CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

IDU
1.

22
Fig. 5.4
CABLE
IF CABLE CABLE
Tx1
MOD INTERF. INTERF.
Main traffic 1 SW
MUX BI DSP CONTR.
MOD IF
Rx1
DEM
Services DSP
DEM ODU
TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

48 V
BATT.
CM.89012.I

Services ODU
CONTROLLER

BE

Main traffic
DEMUX

1+0 non expandable equipment block diagram


IDU CONTROL

MAIN ODU CONTROL


SCT/LCT
CONTROLLER

ALARM

IDU

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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6.

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EQUIPMENT TECHNICAL
SPECIFICATIONS
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6.1 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

• Frequency range
– 7 GHz 7.11 to 7.7 GHz
– 8 GHz 7.7 to 8.5 GHz
– 11 GHz 10.7 to 11.7 GHz
– 13 GHz 12.75 to 13.25 GHz
– 15 GHz 14.4 to 15.35 GHz
– 18 GHz 17.7 to 19.7 GHz
– 23 GHz 21.2 to 23.6 GHz
– 25 GHz 24.5 to 26.5 GHz
– 28 GHz 27.5 to 29.5 GHz
– 38 GHz 37 to 39.5 GHz

• RF channel arrangement
– 7 GHz ITU–R Rec F.385
– 8 GHz ITU–R Rec F.386
– 13 GHz ITU–R Rec F.497
– 15 GHz ITU–R Rec F.636
– 18 GHz ITU–R Rec F.595
– 23 GHz ERC/T/R 13–02 Annex A or ITU–R Rec F.637
– 25 GHz ERC/T/R 13–02 Annex B
– 28 GHz ERC/T/R 13–02 Annex C
– 38 GHz ITU–R Rec F.749

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

• Go–return frequency
– 7 GHz 245/196/168/161/154 MHz
– 8 GHz 311.32 MHz
– 11 GHz 530 MHz
– 13 GHz 266 MHz
– 15 GHz 420/728 MHz
– 18 GHz 1010 MHz
– 23 GHz 1008/1232 MHz
– 25 GHz 1008 MHz
– 28 GHz 1008 MHz
– 38 GHz 1260 MHz

• Transmission capacity
– Main signal from 2 to 16x2 Mbit/s see Tab. 6.1
with three different configura-
tions

Tab. 6.1 Signal capacity from 2x2 up to 16x2 Mbit/s

Capacity (Mbit/s) Configuration Mechanical dimension


2x2/4x2/8x2 1+0/1+1 1 unit high
2x2/4x2/8x2/16x2 1+0/1+1 1 unit high

• Service channel capacity


The following service channel and auxiliary capacity is available:
• 1+0/1+1 standard – 2x2, 4x2, 8x2, 16x2 Mbit/s version (1 standard unit)
One of the following service channels is available:
– 64 kbit/s V11 co/contradirectional interface
• Antenna configuration 1+0 or 1+1 hot stand–by and 1 antenna, 1+1
frequency diversity on 1 cross polar antenna or
two separated antennas
• Frequency accuracy ± 5 ppm; ± 10 ppm ageing included
• RF spurious emissions according to ETSI EN 301 390
• Modulation 4QAM/16QAM

Tab. 6.2 Modulation used according to bit rate and RF channel space

Modulat. Bit rate (Mbit/s)


type
2x2 4x2 8x2 16x2
4QAM 3.5 MHz 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz
16QAM n.a. 3.5 MHz 7 MHz 14 MHz

24 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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CM.89012.I

• Demodulation coherent

• Output power at the antenna side, refer to Tab. 6.3


1+0 version
• Receiver threshold at the antenna refer to Tab. 6.4 and Tab. 6.5
side 1+0 version
• Additional losses both Tx and Rx
sides, 1+1 version
– 4 dB ±0.5 dB version with balanced hybrid
– ≤1.7 dB (branch1)/≤7 dB version with unbalanced hybrid
(branch 2)
• Residual BER 1x10–11

• Maximum input level for BER 10–3 –20 dBm

Tab. 6.3 Nominal output power +1 dB tolerance

Frequency Output power 4QAM Output power 16QAM


7 GHz +27 dBm +22 dBm
8 GHz +27 dBm +22 dBm
11 GHz +25 dBm +20 dBm
13 GHz +25 dBm +20 dBm
15 GHz standard +25 dBm +20 dBm
15 GHz LP +20 dBm –
18 GHz +20 dBm +15 dBm
23 GHz +20 dBm +15 dBm
25 GHz +20 dBm +15 dBm
28 GHZ +19 dBm +14 dBm
38 GHz +17 dBm +13 dBm

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Tab. 6.4 Guaranteed received threshold in 1+0 configuration

4QAM 16QAM

Freq.
q 2x2 4x2 2x2 4x2
10–6 10–3 10–6 10–3 10–6 10–3 10–6 10–3
7 –91 dBm –93 dBm –88 dBm –90 dBm – – –84 dBm –86 dBm
8 –91 dBm –93 dBm –88 dBm –90 dBm – – –84 dBm –85 dBm
11 –90.5 dBm –92.5 dBm –87.5 dBm –89.5 dBm – – –83.5 dBm –85.5 dBm
13 –90.5 dBm –92.5 dBm –87.5 dBm –89.5 dBm –83.5 dBm –85.5 dBm
15 –90.5 dBm –92.5 dBm –87.5 dBm –89.5 dBm – – –83.5 dBm –85.5 dBm
18 –90 dBm –92 dBm –87 dBm –89 dBm – – –84 dBm –86 dBm
23 –90 dBm –92 dBm –87 dBm –89 dBm – – –83 dBm –85 dBm
25 –89.5 dBm –91.5 dBm –86.5 dBm –88.5 dBm – – –82.5 dBm –84.5 dBm
28 –89 dBm –91 dBm –86 dBm –88 dBm – – –82 dBm –84 dBm
38 –88 dBm –90 dBm –85 dBm –88 dBm – – –81 dBm –83 dBm

Tab. 6.5 Guaranteed received threshold in 1+0 configuration

4QAM 16QAM

Freq.
q 8x2 16x2 8x2 16x2
10–6 10–3 10–6 10–3 10–6 10–3 10–6 10–3
7 –85 dBm –87 dBm –82 dBm –84 dBm –81 dBm –83 dBm –78 dBm –80 dBm
8 –85 dBm –87 dBm –82 dBm –84 dBm –81 dBm –83 dBm –78 dBm –80 dBm
11 –84.5 dBm –86.5 dBm –81.5 dBm –83.5 dBm –80.5 dBm –82.5 dBm –77.5 dBm –79.5 dBm
13 –84.5 dBm –86.5 dBm –81.5 dBm –83.5 dBm –80.5 dBm –82.5 dBm –77.5 dBm –79.5 dBm
15 –84.5 dBm –86.5 dBm –81.5 dBm –83.5 dBm –80.5 dBm –82.5 dBm –77.5 dBm –79.5 dBm
18 –84 dBm –86 dBm –81 dBm –83 dBm –80 dBm –82 dBm –77 dBm –79 dBm
23 –84 dBm –86 dBm –81 dBm –83 dBm –80 dBm –82 dBm –77 dBm –79 dBm
25 –83.5 dBm –85.5 dBm –80.5 dBm –82.5 dBm –79.5 dBm –81.5 dBm –76.5 dBm –78.5 dBm
28 –83 dBm –85 dBm –80 dBm –82 dBm –79 dBm –81 dBm –76 dBm –78 dBm
38 –82 dBm –84 dBm –80 dBm –81 dBm –78 dBm –80 dBm –75 dBm –77 dBm

26 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

• Power supply
– Power supply voltage –40.8 to –57.6 Vdc
• Power consumption
Fully equipped terminal with 370 m 1/4” IDU–ODU cable.

Tab. 6.6

Guaranteed Nominal Power Guaranteed Nominal Power


power Consumption power Consumption
Configuration consumption f315 GHz consumption f>15 GHz
f315 GHz –48 Vdc f>15 GHz –48 Vdc
–40.8 a –57.6 Vdc –40.8 a –57.6 Vdc
1+0 ≤46 Watts ≤44 Watts ≤39 Watts ≤37 Watts
1+1 ≤70 Watts ≤66 Watts ≤58 Watts ≤54 Watts

• IDU only consumption

Tab. 6.7

Guaranteed Nominal
consumption Consumption
IDU type f315 GHz f315 GHz
–40.8 a –57.6 Vdc –48 Vdc
1+0 configuration ≤25 Watts ≤24 Watts

• Fuse 3.15 A (M), 5x20 mm


• Environmental conditions
– Operational range for IDU –5° C to +45° C

– Operational range for ODU –33° C to +55° C

– Survival temperature range –10° C to +55° C


for IDU
– Survival temperature range –40° C to +60° C
for ODU
– Operational humidity for IDU 95% at +35° C
– Operational humidity for ODU weather proof according to IP65 environmental
class
– Heat dissipation of ODU Thermal resistance 0.5° C/W
Solar heat gain: not exceeding 5° C
– Wind load ≤260 Km/h
• Mechanical characteristics
– Dimensions refer to Tab. 6.8

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Tab. 6.8 IDU/ODU dimensions

Width (mm) Height (mm) Depth (mm)


ODU 1+0 version 250 250 100
ODU 1+1 version 278 255 280
IDU 1+0/1+1 480 45 260

– Weight refer to Tab. 6.9

Tab. 6.9 IDU/ODU weight

ODU 1+0 4.5 kg 1 1

ODU 1+1 13.3 kg 2 2

IDU 1+0/1+1 3.5/3.7 kg


Panning system 1+0/1+1 4.4 kg

– Mechanical layout refer to typical Fig. 6.1, Fig. 6.2.

Trib. 1–2–3–4

Q3 LCT USER IN/OUT 48V


PS
TEST
R AL
Trib. 5–6–7–8

+

Fig. 6.1 IDU 1+0 standard (2x2/4x2 Mbit/s)

Trib. 1–2–3–4 Trib. 9–10–11–12

Q3 LCT USER IN/OUT 48V1 48V2


TX RX PS1
TEST 1
1 2 1 2
R AL 2
Trib. 5–6–7–8 Trib. 13–14–15–16 PS2
– –
+

Fig. 6.2 IDU 1+1 standard (2x2/4x2/8x2/16x2 Mbit/s)

1. 7/8 GHz 1+0: 5.5 kg


2. 7/8 GHz 1+1: 15.3 kg

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 6.3 1+0 ODU with separated antenna (pole mounting)

Fig. 6.4 1+1 ODU with separated antenna

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Fig. 6.5 1+0 ODU with integral antenna (pole mounting)

Fig. 6.6 1+1 ODU with integral antenna (pole mounting)

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CM.89012.I

Fig. 6.7 1+1 ODU with separated antenna (wall mounting)

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

32 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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7.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE
INDOOR UNIT
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ

7.1 GENERAL

The following IDU characteristics are guaranteed for the temperature range from –5° C to
+45° C.

7.2 TRIBUTARY INTERFACE

7.2.1 2 Mbit/s interface

Input side

• Bit rate 2048 kbit/s ±50 ppm


• Line code HDB3
• Rated impedance 75 Ohm or 120 Ohm
• Rated level 2.37 Vp/75 Ohm or 3 Vp/120 Ohm
• Return loss 12 dB from 57 kHz to 102 kHz
18 dB from 102 kHz to 2048 kHz
14 dB from 2048 kHz to 3072 kHz
• Max attenuation of the input cable 6 dB according to √f trend

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 33


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

• Accepted jitter see mask in Table 2, CCITT Rec. G.823


• Transfer function see mask in Figure 1, CCITT Rec. G.742
• Connector type SUB–D, 25 pins

Output side

• Bit rate 2048 kbit/s ±50 ppm


• Rated impedance 75 Ohm or 120 Ohm
• Rated level 2.37 Vp/75 Ohm or 3 Vp/120 Ohm
• Output jitter in accordance with G.742/G.823
• Pulse shape see mask in Figure 15, CCITT Rec. G.703
• Connector type SUB–D, 25 pins

7.3 SERVICE CHANNEL INTERFACE

7.3.1 V.28 low speed synchronous/asynchronous data

• Data interface RS232


• Electrical interface CCITT Rec. V.28
• Input speed 9600 baud
• Control wires DTR, DSR, DCD

7.3.2 Alarm interface

User output

• Relay contacts normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC)


• Open contacts Rmin 100 Mohm at 500 Vdc
• Closed contacts Rmax 0.5 Ohm
• Switching voltage Vmax 100 V
• Switching current Imax 1A

34 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

User input

• Equivalent circuit recognised as a 200 Ohm resist. (max) referred to ground


closed contact
• Equivalent circuit recognised as 60 kOhm (min) referred to ground
an open contact

7.3.3 64 kbit/s contra–directional interface V.11 (optional)

• Tolerance ±100 ppm

• Equipment side contra–directional

• Coding clock and data on independent wires

• Electrical interface see Rec. CCITT V.11

7.3.4 Network Management Interface

RJ45 interface

• LAN type Ethernet Twisted Pair 802.3 10BaseT

• Connector RJ45

• Connection to LAN direct with a CAT5 Twisted Pair

• Protocol TCP/IP or IPoverOSI

LCT USB interface

• Electrical interface USB 1.1 version

• Baud rate 1.5 Mbit/s

• Protocol PPP

RS232 interface (optional)

• Electronic interface V.28

• Asynchronous baud rate 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600

• Protocol PPP

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

7.4 MODULATOR/DEMODULATOR

• Carrier modulating frequency


– Tx side 330 MHz
– Rx side 140 MHz

• Type of modulation 4QAM/16QAM

• Modulating signal from 4 Mbit/s to 34 Mbit/s depending on different


versions

• Spectrum shaping raised cosine (roll–off = 0.5)

• Equalization 5 taps

• FEC coding gain 2.5 dB at 10–6

7.5 CABLE INTERFACE

• Interconnection with the ODU unit single coaxial cable for both Tx and Rx

• Cable length up to 370 m. with 1/4” cable type

• Rated impedance 50 Ohm

• Signal running along the cable


– Tx nominal frequency 330 MHz
– Rx nominal frequency 140 MHz
– Transceiver management signals 388 kbit/s bidirectional
– Carrier for transceiver man- IDU to ODU = 17.5 MHz/0 dBm
agement signals ODU to IDU = 5.5 MHz/0 dBm
– Remote power supply direct from battery voltage

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.6 AVAILABLE LOOPS

The following loop are available within the IDU:


• Tributary loop
• Baseband loop
• IDU loop

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

38 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
8.

ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
8 DESCRIPTION OF THE INDOOR
UNIT – PDH INTERFACES
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ

8.1 1+0/1+1 IDU VERSIONS

The following functional description covers the versions the IDU consists of as shown in chapter
“Equipment technical specifications”.
The IDU is made up of a single motherboard that houses all the circuitry realizing the following
functionalities:
• Line interface
• Radio interface
• Equipment controller
• IDU loops

8.1.1 Line interface

The line interface performs the following operations:


• multiplexing process of the input tributaries
• generation of the aggregate frame by aggregating multiplexed tributaries and service
channel.
Bit extraction and demultiplexing process happens at the receive side.

Tx side

Refer to Fig. 8.1. The 2 Mbit/s input signal is code converted from HDB3 to NRZ format before
being multiplexed. The multiplexing scheme depends on the number and the bit rate of the input
tributaries. Attached figures show different multiplexing scheme as follows:
• Fig. 8.2 – 2x2 Mbit/s multiplexing. The mux performs stuffing operation on each single
tributary and generates a proprietary frame embedding the two tributaries to be sent
to the Bit Insertion. Opposite operation occurs at the Rx side.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

• Fig. 8.3 – 4x2 Mbit/s multiplexing. The mux aggregates the four 2 Mbit/s tributaries
generating a 8448 kbit/s frame as per Recc. G.742. The multiplexed signal is then sent
to the Bit Insertion. Opposite operation occurs at the Rx side.
• Fig. 8.4 – 8x2 Mbit/s multiplexing. The eight 2 Mbit/s tributaries are grouped in two 4x2
Mbit/s groups each of one generating a G742 frame structure at 8448 kbit/s to be sent
to the next Bit Insertion. Opposite operation occurs at the Rx side.
• Fig. 8.5 – 16x2 Mbit/s multiplexing. The sixteen 2 Mbit/s tributaries are grouped in four
4x2 Mbit/s groups each of one generating a G.742 frame structure at 8448 kbit/s. A
further multiplexing of the achieved four 8448 kbit/s streams will generate a frame
structure at 34368 kbit/s as per Recc. G.751. This latter is to be sent to the Bit Insertion.
Opposite operation occurs at the Rx side.
The multiplexed tributaries are then sent to the B.I. for aggregate frame generation occurring
at the following bit rate depending on various versions implemented:

Tab. 8.1

Version Aggregate frame


2x2 Mbit/s 4860 kbit/s
4x2 Mbit/s 9720 kbit/s
8x2 Mbit/s 19440 kbit/s
16x2 Mbit/s 38880 kbit/s

The aggregate frame contains:


• the main signal from the MUX(s)
• the framed service signal from the service interface
• the EOC signals for supervision message propagation towards the remote terminal
• the frame alignment word
• the bits dedicated to the FEC.
All the synch. signals to perform multiplexing (demultiplexing) and BI (BE) process are achieved
from a x0 at 40 MHz. The aggregate frame thus generates is sent to the QAM modulator.

Rx side

Refer to Fig. 8.6.


At Rx side the Bit extraction separates the main multiplexed signal from the service signal and
then after a proper demultiplexing process (opposite to that previously described at the Tx side)
sends them to the output interfaces.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

8.1.2 Radio interface

This functionality provides the following:


• QAM modemodulation
• power supply to IDU and ODU
• telemetry IDU/ODU
• cable interface

QAM modemodulation – Modulation side

See Fig. 8.7.


The aggregate signal from the BI undergoes the following process in digital form:
• serial to parallel conversion
• differential encoding
• generation of the shaped modulating signals feeding the IF part of the QAM modulator.
This latter comprises:
• recovery low pass filter to eliminate signal periodicity
• 330 MHz local oscillator
• a 90° phase shifter to supply two mixers with two in quadrature carriers
The thus obtained 330 MHz QAM modulated carrier is then sent to the cable interface for
connection with ODU.

QAM modemodulation – Demodulation side

See Fig. 8.7.


The 140 MHz, 4 or 16QAM modulated carrier from the ODU is reaching the IDU through the
cable interface.
The connection to the demodulator input is made via a cable equalizer for cable loss
compensation.
The IF section of the QAM demodulator extracts the I and Q analogue signals then digital
converted for the following processing:
• clock recovery
• baseband equalisation and filtering
• bit polarity decision

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

• differential decoding
• parallel to serial conversion to recover the aggregate signal.
The aggregate signal is then sent to a frame alignment circuit and CRC analysis and then to the
error corrector to achieve the BER extimate, the PM and HBER/LBER alarms.

Power supply

Refer to Fig. 8.7. The –48 V battery voltage feeds the IDU and ODU circuitry. The service
voltages for the IDU feeding are achieved through a DC/DC converter for +3.6 V generation and
a step down circuit for –5V.
Both voltages are protected against overvoltages and overcurrents. The power to the ODU is
given by the same battery running through the interconnection cable. A breaker protects the
battery against cable failure.

Telemetry IDU/ODU

Refer to Fig. 8.1 and Fig. 8.7. The dialogue IDU/ODU is made–up by the main controller and
associated peripherals within the ODU. Controls for ODU management and alarm reporting is
performed making use of a 388 kbit/s framed signals. The transport along the interconneting
cable is performed via two FSK modulated carriers: 17.5 MHz from IDU to ODU; 5.5 MHZ from
ODU to IDU.

Cable interface

Refer to Fig. 8.7. This circuit permits to communicate to the far ODU through the interconnecting
cable. It is mainly made up of a set of filters that:
• combine the 330 MHz, QAM modulated carrier/the 17.5 MHz carrier/the power supply
• separate the 140 MHz QAM modulated carrier and the 5.5 MHz carrier

8.1.3 Equipment controller

The controller functionality performs the following:


• houses the equipment software for equipment management
• interfaces the SCT/LCT program through supervision ports
• receive external alarms and route them to relay contacts along with the internal alarms
generated by the equipment.
The equipment software permits to control and manage all the equipment functionality. It is
distributed on two hardware levels: main controller and ODU peripheral controller. The dialogue
between main and peripheral controllers is shown in Fig. 8.8.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Main controller

The activities executed by the main controller are the following:


• Communication management: it makes use of SNMP as management protocol and IP
or IP over OSI as communication protocol stacks. See Fig. 8.9 for details. The interface
ports for the equipment management are the following:
– LAN Ethernet 10BaseT
– USB port used for SCT/LCT connection
– EOC embedded within the PDH radio frame for connection to the remote NEs
• Log–in: the main controller manages the equipment or network login/logout by setting
and then controlling the user’s ID and relevant password.
• Database (MIB): validation and storing in a non–volatile memory of the equipment
configuration parameters.
• Equipment configuration: distribution of the parameters stored in the MIB towards the
peripheral µPs for their attuation in addition to the controls from user not stored in the
MIB (i.e. loops, manual forcing etc...).
• Alarm monitoring: acquisition, filtering and correlation of the alarms gathered from
slaved µPs. Local logger and alarm sending to the connected managers: SCT/LCT –
NMS5UX. Management of the alarm signalling on the LIM front panel.
• Performances: PM management as per Recc. G.828.
• Download: the main controller is equipped with two flash memory banks containing the
running program (active bank) and the stand–by program (inactive bank). This permits
to download a new software release to the inactive bank without distributing the traffic.
Bank switch enables the new release to be used.
Download activity is based on FTP protocol which downloads application programs,
FPGA configuration, configuration files on main controller inactive bank or directly on
the peripheral controllers.

Peripheral controllers

The peripheral controllers take place within the ODU and are slaved to main controller with the
task of activating controls and alarm reporting of dedicated functionality.

8.2 IDU LOOPS

To control the IDU correct operation a set of local and remote loops are made available. The
commands are forwarded by the LCT/SCT program. Loop block diagram is shown by Fig. 8.10.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

8.2.1 Tributary loop

Tributary local loop

Each input tributary is routed directly to the trib. output upon receiving the command from the
LCT. The Tx line transmission is still on.

Tributary remote loop

Each tributary directed towards the Rx output line is routed back to the Tx line. The Rx line is
still on.

8.2.2 Baseband unit loop

This kind of loop is only local and is activated at BI/BE level. Tx line is still on.

8.2.3 IDU loop

This kind of loop permits to check the full IDU digital operation.

44 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


Fig. 8.1
BI:
– main traffic
– services Aggregate frame
– EOC
MUX – FEC
NRZ – FAW
2x2/4x2

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


Code 8x2/16x2
converter CK Frame
see X0 38.88 MHz
generator
Fig. 8.2
through
nx2 Fig. 8.5
– FSK mod/demod 5.5 MHz
– 388 frame
NRZ generator/receiver 17.5 MHz
Code

Line interface block diagram – Tx side


converter CK

to/from main
controller
1.
TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

45
CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I
1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Aggregate Ck

Ck
MUX
2x2 Mbit/s proprietary B.I.
frame Tx data

Ck
DEMUX
2x2 Mbit/s proprietary B.E.
frame Rx data

Fig. 8.2 2x2 Mbit/s multiplexing/demultiplexing

Aggregate Ck

4x2 Mbit/s
Ck
MUX 2 –>8 B.I.
G.742
Framed data
8448 Tx
4x2 Mbit/s Ck
DEMUX
2 –>8 B.E.
G.742 Framed data
8448 Rx

Fig. 8.3 4x2 Mbit/s multiplexing/demultiplexing

46 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Aggregate Ck

4x2 Mbit/s
Ck
MUX 2 –>8 Data B.I.
G.742

4x2 Mbit/s

MUX 2 –>8 Framed data


G.742 8448 Tx
Data

4x2 Mbit/s Ck 8448 kHz Tx


DEMUX
Data B.E.
8 –> 2
G.742

4x2 Mbit/s
DEMUX
8 –> 2
G.742
Framed data
8448 Rx

Fig. 8.4 8x2 Mbit/s multiplexing/demultiplexing

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Aggregate Ck

4x2 Mbit/s
MUX
2 –>8 B.I.
G.742

4x2 Mbit/s
MUX
2 –>8
G.742

4x2 Mbit/s Ck 34368 kHz Tx


MUX
2 –>8 Framed data 34368
G.742 kbit/s

Ck 8448 kHz Tx
4x2 Mbit/s
MUX MUX
2 –>8 8–>34
G.742 G.751
Framed data
8448 kbit/s Tx
Aggregate Ck

4x2 Mbit/s
DEMUX
8 –>2 B.E.
G.742

4x2 Mbit/s
DEMUX
8 –>2
G.742

4x2 Mbit/s Ck 34368 kHz


DEMUX
8 –>2 Framed data 34368
G.742 kbit/s

Ck 8448 kHz
4x2 Mbit/s
DEMUX MUX
8 –>2 34–>8
G.742 G.751
Framed data
8448 kbit/s Tx
Fig. 8.5 16x2 Mbit/s multiplexing/demultiplexing

48 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


Fig. 8.6

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


DEMUX
2/2x2/4x2
8x2/16x2
from demodulator side of Code
BE
the radio interface converter
See Fig. 8.2
through nx2
Fig. 8.5 Mbit/s

Line interface block diagram (Rx side)


Code
converter
1.
TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

49
CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I
– S/P conversion
aggregate frame (from QAM 330 MHz
– diff. encoding
1.

50
BI of line interface) MOD

Fig. 8.7
– modulating
(IF part)
signal generator

5.5 MHz
to line interface

17.5 MHz Cable


from line interface
interface
Remote power supply
TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Overcurrent
protect.

Radio interface block diagram


DC
battery I/V
+3.6 V
–48 V protect
DC
– BER meas.
– P.M.
Step
–5 V
down

to BE of line
interface FEC A DEM Cable
– Ck recovery I&Q QAM
– Carrier lock D equaliz.
CRC (IF part)
analysis – Equaliz. & filt.
& aligner – Decision
– Diff. decod.
– S/P

– BER extimates
– High BER

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


– Low BER
– EW
LAN USB User In Alarm/
User Out

Fig. 8.8
Main controller EOC

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


388 kbit/s
generator
receiver

Main and peripheral controller connection


FSK
modem
1.

FSK
modem

388 kbit/s

338 kb/s Peripheral


TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

gen/rec. controller

51
CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

ODU
1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

APPLICATION SOFTWARE

Applic./present. SNMP
session layers

Transport
layer TCP/UDP

Routing IPoverOSI
IP
layer IS–IS
ISO 10589

Data link LLC LAPD LCC


PPP PPP
layer MAC Q921 MAC

Physical Ethernet Ethernet


USB EOC EOC
layer LAN LAN

Fig. 8.9 IP/IPoverOSI protocol stack

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

combiner
IF

loop
IDU
MOD

DEM
loop
BB
BE
BI
IDU

DEMUX
MUX
Trib. rem.
loop

Trib. loc. loop


Trib. OUT
Trib. IN

Fig. 8.10 IDU loopback

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

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ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ 9
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
9.

ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE
OUTDOOR UNIT
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ

9.1 GENERAL

The following ODU characteristics are guaranteed for the temperature range from –33° C to
+55° C.

9.2 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

• Output power at the antenna side see Tab. 9.1


• Transceiver tuning range
– 7 GHz 42 MHz (154 MHz duplex spacing)
56 MHz (161/168/196 MHz duplex spacing)
84 MHz (245 MHz duplex spacing)
– 13 GHz 84 MHz
– 15 GHz 119 MHz
– 18 GHz 330 MHz
– 23 GHz 336 MHz
– 25 GHz/28 GHz 448 MHz
– 38 GHz 560 MHz
• RF frequency agility 125 kHz step

• Duplex spacing
– 7 GHz 245/196/168/161/154 MHz
– 8 GHz 311,32 MHz
– 11 GHz 530 MHz

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

– 13 GHz 266 MHz


– 15 GHz 420/490/728 MHz
– 18 GHz 1010 MHz
– 23 GHz 1008/1232 MHz
– 25 GHz/28 GHz 1008 MHz
– 38 GHz 1260 MHz

• ATPC dynamic range


– 7, 8, 11, 13, 15 GHz 40 dB
– 18, 23, 25, 28, 38 GHz 20 dB
• Transmit power attenuation range 40 dB dynamic, 1 dB software adjustable
• Transmitter shut–down 40 dB
• Antenna side flange
– 7/8 GHz PBR84 or UBR84 3
– 13 GHz UDR120 or UBR140
– 15 GHz UDR140 or UBR140
– 18/23/25 GHz PBR220 or UBR220
– 28/38 GHz PBR320 or UBR320

• AGC dynamic range from –20 dBm to threshold corresponding to BER10–3

• Accuracy of Rx level indication (PC ±3 dB in the range –40 dBm to –75 dBm
reading) ±4 dB in the range –30 dBm to –40 dBm

• Maximum input level for BER 10–3 –20 dBm

• Type of connector at the cable “N”


interface side
• Signals at the cable interface
– QAM modulated carrier 330 MHz (from IDU to ODU)
140 MHz (from ODU to IDU)
– Telemetry 388 kbit/s
– Telemetry carriers 17.5 MHz (from IDU to ODU)
5.5 MHz (from ODU to IDU)

• Available loops RF loop

3. PBR with integrated antenna


UBR with separated antenna

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Tab. 9.1 Nominal output power +1 dB tolerance

Equipment Output power 4QAM Output power 16QAM


7 GHz +27 dBm +22 dBm
8 GHz +27 dBm +22 dBm
11 GHz +25 dBm +20 dBm
13 GHz +25 dBm +20 dBm
15 GHz standard +25 dBm +20 dBm
15 GHz LP +20 dBm –
18 GHz +20 dBm +15 dBm
23 GHz +20 dBm +15 dBm
25 GHz +20 dBm +15 dBm
28 GHz +19 dBm +14 dBm
38 GHz +17 dBm +13 dBm

Note
In 1+1 hot stand–by version the output power decreases by the following values:
• –4 dB ±0.5 dB (balanced hybrid)
• –1.7/7 dB ±0.3 dB (unbalanced hybrid)

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
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ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
10
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
10.

ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
DESCRIPTION OF THE OUTDOOR
UNIT
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ

10.1 GENERAL

The 1+0 ODU (refer to Fig. 10.1) consists of a two shell aluminium mechanical structure, one
shell housing all the ODU circuits, the other forming the covering plate.
On the ODU are accessible:
• the “N” type connector for cable interfacing IDU and ODU
• the “BNC” connector for connection to a multimeter with the purpose to measure the
received field strength
• a ground bolt.

The 1+1 hot stand–by version (refer to Fig. 10.2) consist of two 1+0 ODUs mechanically
secured to a structure housing the hybrid for the antenna connection.

10.2 TRANSMIT SECTION

Refer to block diagram shown in Fig. 10.3.


The 330 MHz QAM modulated carrier from the cable interface (see chapter 10.4) is forwarded
to a mixer passing through a cable equalizer for cable loss compensation up to 40 dB at 330
MHz. The mixer and the following bandpass filter give rise to a second IF Tx carrier the
frequency of which depends on the go/return frequency value. The mixer is of SHP type.
The IF Tx frequency is µP controlled. Same happens to Rx IF and RF local oscillators. This latter
is common to both Tx and Rx sides.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

The IF carrier is converted to RF and then amplified making use of a MMIC circuit. The
conversion mixer is SSB type with side band selection.
The power at the MMIC output can be manually attenuated, 1 dB step, by 20 dB (f ≥ 18 GHz)
or 40 dB (f < 18 GHz). Total attenuation is 40 dB.
The automatic adjustment is performed making use of an ATPC (see paragraph 10.5 for details).
The regulated output power is kept constant against amplifier stage gain variation by a feedback
including the AGC.
Before reaching the antenna side the RF signal at the output of MMIC passes through the
following circuits:
• a decoupler plus detector diode to measure the output power
• a circulator to protect the amplifier stages against possible circuit mismatch.
• a ON/OFF switch for 1+1 operation
• a 0 or 20 dB attenuator (f ≥ 18 GHz) to made up a total attenuation of 40 dB
• an RF bandpass filter for antenna coupling.

An RF coupler plus a detector and a shift oscillator made up the RF loop which is enabled upon
receiving a µP control. The RF loop permits the Tx power to return back to receive side thus
controlling the total local radio terminal performance.

10.3 RECEIVE SECTION

The RF signal from the Rx bandpass filter is sent to a low noise amplifier that improves the
receiver sensitivity.
The following down–converter translates the RF frequency to approximately 765 MHz.
The conversion mixer is SSB type. The sideband selection is given through a µP control.
A second down converter generates the 140 MHz IF carrier to be sent to the demodulator within
the IDU. The level of the IF carrier is kept constant to –5 dBm thank to the IF amplifier stages,
AGC controlled, distributed in the IF chain. In addition the AGC gives a measure of the receive
RF level.
Between two amplifiers a bandpass filter assures the required selectivity to the receiver. The
filter is SAW type and the bandwidth depends on the transmitted capacity.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

10.4 CABLE INTERFACE

The cable interface permits to interface the cable interconnecting IDU to ODU and viceversa.
It receives/transmits the following signals:
• 330 MHz (from IDU to ODU)
• 140 MHz (from ODU to IDU)
• 17.5 MHz (from IDU to ODU)
• 5.5 MHz (from ODU to IDU)
• remote power supply.
The 17.5 MHz and 5.5 MHz FSK modulated carriers, carry the telemetry channel. This latter
consists of two 388 kbit/s streams one from IDU to ODU with the information to manage the ODU
(RF power, RF frequency, capacity, etc...) while the other, from ODU to IDU, sends back to IDU
measurements and alarms of the ODU. The ODU management is made by a µP.

10.5 ATPC OPERATION

The ATPC regulates the RF output power of the local transmitter depending on the value of the
RF level at the remote terminal. This value has to be preset from the local terminal as threshold
high and low. The difference between the two thresholds must be equal or higher than 3 dB.
As soon as the received level crosses the preset threshold level low (see Fig. 10.6) due to the
increase of the hop attenuation, a microP at the received side of the remote terminal sends back
to the local terminal a control to increase the transmitted power. The maximum ATPC range is
40 dB (f < 18 GHz) and 20 dB (f ≥ 18 GHz).
If the hop attenuation decreases and the threshold high is crossed then the control sent by the
microP causes the output power to decrease.
ATPC range can be reduced from the maximum value to 0 dB, by 1 dB step, consequently to
a reduction of the output maximum power through an adjusted attenuation.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

10.6 1+1 Tx SYSTEM

The two ODUs are coupled to the antenna side via a balanced or unbalanced hybrid.
1+1 Tx switching occurs in the 1+1 hot stand–by 1 antenna or 2 antennas versions as shown
in Fig. 10.4 and Fig. 10.5.
The transmitter switchover is electromechanic type and consists of two ON/OFF switches within
the two ODUs that assure at least 40 dB insulation on the stand–by transmitter.
Transmit alarm priority is shown in Tab. 10.1.

Tab. 10.1

Priority Levels Definition


Priority 1 RIM PSU Alarm
Priority 2 Manual forcing
Priority 3 Cable Short Alarm
Priority 3 Cable Open Alarm
Priority 3 Modulator Failure
Priority 3 ODU Unit Failure Alarm
Highest Priority 3 VCO Failure Alarm
Priority 3 IF Unit Alarm
Priority 3 ODU PSU Alarm
Priority 3 Tx Power Low Alarm
Priority 4 Request from remote terminal
(both receivers alarmed)
Lowest Priority 5 Revertive Tx (branch one prefe-
rential)

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

10.7 POWER SUPPLY

The battery voltage is dropped from the cable interface and then sent to a DC/DC converter to
generate three stabilized output voltages to be distributed to the ODU circuitry:
• +3.5 V
• a voltage comprised between +6.2 V and +8.2 V to power amplifiers operating at
different frequency bands
• a –12 V through an inverter circuit.

Each voltage is protected against overcurrent with automatic restart.


Protection against overvoltage occurs as soon as the output voltage raises more than 15%
respect to the nominal voltage. The restart is automatic.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

”N”

”BNC”

Ground bolt
Fig. 10.1 1+0 ODU version

Fig. 10.2 1+1 hot stand–by version

64 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


DC +3.5 V
DC
Step +6.2 to 8.2 V

Fig. 10.3
up
PTx att.
control
–12 V 0 to 40 dB
–48 V INV

AGC

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


x
N type 330

ODU block diagram


Cable MHz Cable IF Tx
interface equaliz. T
MMIC
MOD Alarm Alm
388
5.5 5.5 kbit/s
MUX manag comm Tx Tx
MHz MHz DEMUX & ctrl
loops ctrl IF LO RF LO ctrl RF
control
BNC REC DEM unit unit loop
388
17.5 17.5
17.5 kbit/s Rx Rx antenna
MHz MHz
MHz side
PRx
meas.
1.

approx.
ctrl 765
MHz

140 LNA
x MHz
variable bw 140
(capacity MHz
depending)
PRx meas AGC
TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

65
CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I
1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Tx side

SW control

Rx side

Antenna
side
Tx side

SW control

Rx side

Fig. 10.4 1+1 hot stand–by 1 antenna

Tx side

SW control
First
antenna
Rx side

Tx side

SW control
Second
antenna
Rx side

Fig. 10.5 1+1 hot stand–by 2 antennas

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

RemotePRx
dBm

Local Remote

Thresh High
Tx Rx
PTxactuation PRx recording
Thresh Low level
µP µP
PTx control
Transmission Tx
Rx
of PTx control

Hop attenuation (dB)


LocalPTx
dBm

PTx max.

20 dB
ATPC range

PTx min.

Hop attenuation (dB)

Fig. 10.6 ATPC operation

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3
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Section ÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓ
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Installation

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70 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
11
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
11.

ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
INSTALLATION AND PROCEDURES
FOR ENSURING
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ ELECTROMAGNETIC
COMPATIBILITY

11.1 GENERAL

The equipment consists of IDU and ODU(s) units and is mechanically made up of a wired 19”
subrack (IDU) and a weather proof metallic container (ODU). The two units are shipped together
in an appropriate cardboard box.
After unpacking, mechanical installation takes place followed by electrical connections as
described in the following paragraphs.

11.2 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION

11.2.1 IDU installation

The front side of the IDU mechanical structure is provided with holes at the sides. This allows
to fasten the subrack to a 19” rack by means of four M6 screws.
If two or more IDUs are to be mounted, leave at least 1/2 rack unit space (22 mm) between two
IDUs to avoid overheating problems.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

11.3 ELECTRICAL WIRING

The electrical wiring must be done using appropriate cables thus assuring the equipment
complies with electromagnetic compatibility standards.
The cable terminates to flying connectors which have to be connected to the corresponding
connectors on the equipment front.
Position and pin–out of the equipment connectors are available in this section.
Tab. 11.1 shows the characteristics of the cables to be used and the flying connector types.

Tab. 11.1

Interconnecting points Type of connector termina- Type of cable/conductor


ting the cable
Battery Polarised SUB–D 3W3 female Section of each wire ≥ 2.5 4
connector sq.mm
Tributary signals 25 pin SUB–D male connector 120 Ohm balanced four sym-
metric pairs with shield
Coaxial connector 1.0/2.3 75 Ohm unbalanced with shield
User input/alarm output 9 pin SUB–D female connector 9 conductor cable with double
with shielded holder brass sheath type interconduc-
tor DB28.25 or equivalent
LCT USB connector USB connector
GND Faston male type Section area ≥ 6 sq. mm.

4. For power cable lenght longer than 20 m. a section of 4 mm is required.

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CM.89012.I

11.4 GROUNDING CONNECTION

Fig. 11.1 and annexed legend show how to perform the grounding connections.

Indoor 3 4 3 4
ODU
unit
1 5

7 IDU 2
unit

(+) (–)
6
Station Local
ground ground
ground
rack

Legend

(1) IDU grounding point, fast–on type. The cross section area of the cable used must be
≥ 4 sq. mm. The fast–on is available on both sides of the IDU.

(2) ODU grounding bolt. The cross section area of the cable used must be ≥ 16 sq. mm

(3) IDU–ODU interconnection cable type Celflex CUH 1/4” terminated with N–type male
connectors at both sides.

(4) Grounding kit type Cabel Metal or similar to connect the shield of interconnection
cable.

(5) Matching cable (tail) terminated with SMA male and N female connectors.

(6) Battery grounding point of IDU to be connected to earth by means of a cable with a
section area 2.5 sq. mm. Length ≤ 10 m.

(7) Grounding cords connected to a real earth inside the station. The cross section area
of the cable must be ≥ 16 sq. mm

Fig. 11.1

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12.

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USER CONNECTIONS

ÓÓÓÓÓÓ

12.1 CONNECTOR USE FOR 1+0/1+1 STANDARD VERSION

User connections are performed through connectors on the IDU front panel modules. The
connectors are the following:
• Trib IN/OUT: 75 or 120 25–pin SUB–D male connector. For SUB–D connector details
Tab. 12.1.
• LCT: USB connector B type “Receptacle”. For connector detail see USB standard.
• USER IN/OUT: 7 pins SUB–D male connector.
• Q3: RJ45 connector. Connector details refer to Tab. 12.2.
• 50 Ohm connector for interconnection to ODU 5.
• 3 pin SUB–D 3W3 connector for interconnection to battery.
• V11: optional service interface. Connector details in Tab. 12.3.
• V.28: optional service interface. Connector details in Tab. 12.4.
• RS232 PPP: optional management interface. Connector details in Tab. 12.5.

5. SMA kind: max torque 0.5 Nm

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

12.2 STANDARD VERSION CONNECTORS

Tab. 12.1 Tributary connector pin–out

Pin 120 Ohm impedance 75 Ohm impedance Note

1 Tributary 1/5/9/13 input (cold wire) Ground


2 Tributary 1/5/9/13 input (hot wire) Tributary 1/5/9/13 input
14 Tributary 1/5/9/13 input (ground) Ground
15 Tributary 1/5/9/13 output (cold wire) Ground
16 Tributary 1/5/9/13 output (hot wire) Tributary 1/5/9/13 output
3 Tributary 1/5/9/13 output (ground) Ground
4 Tributary 2/6/10/14 input (cold wire) Ground
5 Tributary 2/6/10/14 input (hot wire) Tributary 2/6/10/14 input
17 Tributary 2/6/10/14 input (ground) Ground
18 Tributary 2/6/10/14 output (cold wire) Ground
19 Tributary 2/6/10/14 output (hot wire) Tributary 2/6/10/14 output
6 Tributary 2/6/10/14 output (ground) Ground
7 Tributary 3/7/11/15 input (cold wire) Ground
8 Tributary 3/7/11/15 input (hot wire) Tributary 3/7/11/15 input
20 Tributary 3/7/11/15 input (ground) Ground
21 Tributary 3/7/11/15 output (cold wire) Ground
22 Tributary 3/7/11/15 output (hot wire) Tributary 3/7/11/15 output
9 Tributary 3/7/11/15 output (ground) Ground
10 Tributary 4/8/12/16 input (cold wire) Ground
11 Tributary 4/8/12/16 input (hot wire) Tributary 4/8/12/16 input
23 Tributary 4/8/12/16 input (ground) Ground
24 Tributary 4/8/12/16 output (cold wire) Ground
25 Tributary 4/8/12/16 output (hot wire) Tributary 4/8/12/16 output
12 Tributary 4/8/12/16 output (ground) Ground
13 Ground Ground

Note: The 75 Ohm impedance tributary connector pin–out is referred to the flying connectors
to be connected to the equipment connectors.

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CM.89012.I

Tab. 12.2 100BaseT connector pin–out for 10/100BaseT Ethernet connection

Pin Description
1 Tx+
2 Tx–
3 Rx+
4 ––
5 ––
6 Rx–
7 ––
8 ––

Tab. 12.3 Connector pin–out for 64 kbit/s channel – V.11 interface

Pin Description
1 D–V11–Tx
2 D+V11–Tx
3 C–V11–Tx
4 C+V11–Tx
5 D–V11–Rx
6 D+V11–Rx
7 C–V11–Rx
8 C+V11–Rx

Tab. 12.4 Connector pin–out – V.28 interface

Pin Description
1 RTS
2 TD
3 DTR
4 DSR
5 GND
6 RD
7 CTS
8 DCD

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CM.89012.I

Tab. 12.5 Connector pin–out – RS232 PPP interface

Pin Description
1 DCD
2 RD
3 TD
4 DTR
5 GND
6 DSR
7 RTS
8 CTS
9 NC

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13.

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INSTALLATION ONTO THE POLE OF
THE ODU WITH SEPARATED
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ ANTENNA

13.1 INSTALLATION KIT

Following installation kits are supplied with the equipment depending on different versions:

• 1+0 version
– antisliding strip (see Fig. 13.1)
– supporting plate plus 60–114 mm pole fixing bracket and relevant nuts and bolts
(see Fig. 13.2)
– adapting tools and relevant bolts and nuts for 219 mm pole (see Fig. 13.3)
– antenna side flange, variable as function of RF frequency (see Fig. 13.4)
– support with ODU fast locking mechanism (see Fig. 13.2)
– flexible waveguide trunk for connection to antenna (optional) (see Fig. 13.2)
– kit for ground connection making part of ODU

• 1+1 version
– antisliding strip (see Fig. 13.1)
– supporting plate plus pole fixing bracket and relevant nuts and bolts (see Fig. 13.2)
– adapting tools and relevant bolts and nuts for 219 mm pole (see Fig. 13.3)
– hybrid with ODU fast locking mechanism (see Fig. 13.5)
– flexible waveguide trunk for connection to antenna (optional (see Fig. 13.2)
– kit for ground connection making part of the two ODUs.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

13.2 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED)

• N.2 13mm torque wrench


• N.1 15 mm torque wrench
• N.1 17 mm torque wrench
• N.1 3 mm Allen wrench

13.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

Installation procedure proceeds according to the following steps:


• Version 1+0: installation onto the pole of the supporting plate 6
• Version 1+1: installation onto the pole of the supporting plate 6
• Installation of the ODU (common to both 1+0 and 1+1 version)
• ODU grounding

1+0 version – Installation onto the pole of the supporting plate

Fig. 13.1 – Mount antislide strip around the pole. The position of the plastic blocks depends on
the position of the supporting plate (see next step)
Fig. 13.2 – Adhere the supporting plate to the antisliding strip plastic blocks and then secure it
to the pole through the fixing bracket for 60–114 mm pole (see Fig. 13.2). Bolts and nuts are
available on the supporting plate. Tightening torque must be 32 Nm.
Warning: As shown in Fig. 13.3 an adapting kit must be used for the 219 mm pole. It consists
of an additional plate to enlarge the standard supporting plate dimension and relevant U–bolt
for 219 mm pole fixing.
Fig. 13.4 – Fix the flexible waveguide to the antenna side flange. Four fixing screws are available
the dimensions of which depend on the waveguide type. Tighten progressively and alternatively
the four screws with the following torque:

Tab. 13.1

Frequencies Screw Tool Torque


from 18 to 38 GHz Allen screw M3 Allen key 2.5 mm 1 Nm
up to 15 GHz Allen screw M4 Allen key 3 mm 2 Nm

6. In case of 219 mm pole, an adapting kit is supplied for the purpose.

80 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 13.4 – Fix the antenna side flange to the support with ODU fast locking mechanism. The
flange can be mounted horizontally (as shown in Fig. 13.4) or vertically as function of
convenience.
Fig. 13.5 – Fix the support with ODU fast locking mechanism to the supporting plate making use
of available bolts and nuts. Fig. 13.5 shows three possible positions. Tightening torque must be
18 Nm.

1+1 version – Installation onto the pole of the supporting plate

Fig. 13.1 – Mount antislide strip around the pole. The position of the plastic blocks depends on
the position of the supporting plate (see next step)
Fig. 13.2 – Position the supporting plate to the antisliding strip plastic blocks and then secure
it to the pole through the fixing bracket for 60–114 mm pole (see Fig. 13.2). Bolts and nuts are
available on the supporting plate kit. Tightening torque must be 32 Nm.
Fig. 13.6 – Secure the hybrid with ODU fast locking mechanism to the supporting plate using
bolt and nuts available on the support plate. Tightening torque must be 18 Nm.
Remove the plastic cover from the hybrid flange sides.
Warning: Do not remove the foil from the hybrid flange sides.
Fig. 13.6 – Fix the flexible waveguide to the antenna side flange. Four fixing screws are available
the dimensions of which depend on the waveguide type. Tighten progressively and alternatively
the four screws with the following torque:

Tab. 13.2

Frequencies Screw Tool Torque


from 18 to 38 GHz Allen screw M3 Allen key 2.5 mm 1 Nm
up to 15 GHz Allen screw M4 Allen key 3 mm 2 Nm

Warning: It is advisable to shape the waveguide flexible trunk, connecting ODU flange with
antenna flange as shown in Fig. 13.9. This avoids possible condensate to be channelled
towards the ODU flange.

Installation of the ODU

1. Remove the plastic cover from the ODU flange side. Apply silicon grease e.g. type
RHODOSIL PATE 4 to the O–ring of Fig. 13.8.
Warning: Do not remove the foil from the flange.
2. Bring the ODU with the two hands and position the ODU handle at the bottom side.
3. Position the ODU body close to the support with ODU fast locking mechanism and align
ODU side flange (see Fig. 13.8) to antenna side flange ( see Fig. 13.4 – 1+0 version)
or hybrid side flange (see Fig. 13.6 – 1+1 version).
Note: For 1+0 version the ODU can assume positions of Fig. 13.7 depending on the
polarisation.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

4. With respect to the flange alignment, turn the ODU body approx. 30° anti–clockwise
and then insert the ODU body into the support and search for alignment between
reference tooth on the support (see Fig. 13.4 – 1+0 version or Fig. 13.6 – 1+1 version)
and ODU body reference tooth (see detail Fig. 13.8)
5. When alignment is achieved, turn the ODU body clockwise until “clack” is heard and
the ODU rotation stops.
6. Secure ODU body on the support by tightening bolts (1) (see Fig. 13.4 – 1+0 version
or Fig. 13.6 – 1+1 version). Tightening torque must be 6 Nm.
Final assembly of 1+1 version is shown in Fig. 13.9.

13.4 GROUNDING

The ODU must be connected to ground making reference to details of Fig. 13.10.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Plastic blocks
Antisliding strip

Fig. 13.1

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Use 17 mm wrench
(32Nm torque)

Supporting plate

Use 15 mm wrench
(32Nm torque)

Fig. 13.2 60–114 mm pole supporting plate fixing

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 13.3 Adapting kit for 219 mm pole

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Flexible waveguide trunk

Antenna side flange

Support with ODU fast


locking mechanism

Reference tooth
Reference tooth

1
1

13 mm wrench
6 Nm torque

Position of antenna
side flange

Fig. 13.4 Mounting possible position

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 13.5

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Use 13 mm wrench
(18 Nm torque)

Hybrid with ODU fast


locking mechanism

Reference tooth Reference tooth

RT1 RT2
Fig. 13.6

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Vertical Horizontal

Fig. 13.7 Position of the ODU body depending on the polarisation for 1+0. For 1+1 the
polarisation is always vertical: handle at the left side.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Reference tooth

O–ring
ODU side flange

”N”

”BNC”

Ground bolt

Fig. 13.8 ODU body reference tooth

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CM.89012.I

Fig. 13.9 Final ODU assembly of 1+1 version

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

1
2
3
4
5

1. Bolt
2. Spring washer
3. Flat washer
4. Earth cable collar
5. Flat washer

Fig. 13.10 ODU grounding

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14.

ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
INSTALLATION ONTO THE WALL
OF THE ODU WITH SEPARATED
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ ANTENNA

14.1 INSTALLATION KIT

Following installation kits are supplied with the equipment depending on different versions:

• 1+0 version
– wall supporting plate with additional contact surface extension plates (see
Fig. 14.1)
– antenna side flange, variable as function of RF frequency (see Fig. 14.2)
– support with ODU fast locking mechanism (see Fig. 14.2)
– flexible waveguide trunk for connection to antenna (optional) (see Fig. 14.2)
– kit for ground connection making part of ODU

• 1+1 version
– supporting plate with additional contact surface extension tools (see Fig. 14.1)
– hybrid with ODU fast locking mechanism (see Fig. 14.4)
– flexible waveguide trunk for connection to antenna (optional (see Fig. 14.2)
– kit for ground connection making part of the two ODUs.

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

14.2 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED)

• N.2 13mm torque wrench


• N.1 15 mm torque wrench
• N.1 17 mm torque wrench
• N.1 3 mm Allen wrench

14.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

Installation procedure proceeds according to the following steps:


• Version 1+0: installation onto the wall of the supporting plate
• Version 1+1: installation onto the wall of the supporting plate
• Installation of the ODU (common to both 1+0 and 1+1 version)
• ODU grounding

1+0 version – Installation onto the wall of the supporting plate

Fig. 14.1 – Fix on the supporting plate the two supplied extension plates to increase the wall
contact surface.
Fig. 14.1 – Secure the supporting plate on the wall using the more suitable screws.
Fig. 14.2 – Fix the flexible waveguide to the antenna side flange. Four fixing screws are available
the dimensions of which depend on the waveguide type. Tighten progressively and alternatively
the four screws with the following torque:

Tab. 14.1

Frequencies Screw Tool Torque


from 18 to 38 GHz Allen screw M3 Allen key 2.5 mm 1 Nm
up to 15 GHz Allen screw M4 Allen key 3 mm 2 Nm

94 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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CM.89012.I

Fig. 14.2 – Fix the antenna side flange to the support with ODU fast locking mechanism. The
flange can be mounted horizontally (as shown in Fig. 14.2) or vertically as function of
convenience.
Fig. 14.3 – Fix the support with ODU fast locking mechanism to the supporting plate making use
of available bolts and nuts. Fig. 14.3 shows three possible positions. Tightening torque must be
18 Nm.

1+1 version – Installation onto the wall of the supporting plate

Fig. 14.1 – Fix on the supporting plate the two supplied extension plates to increase the wall
contact surface.
Fig. 14.1 – Secure the supporting plate on the wall using the more suitable screws.
Fig. 14.4 – Secure the hybrid with ODU fast locking mechanism to the supporting plate using
bolt and nuts available on the support plate. Tightening torque must be 18 Nm.
Remove the plastic cover from the hybrid flange sides.
Warning: Do not remove the foil from the hybrid flange sides.
Fig. 14.4 – Fix the flexible waveguide to the antenna side flange. Four fixing screws are available
the dimensions of which depend on the waveguide type. Tighten progressively and alternatively
the four screws with the following torque:

Tab. 14.2

Frequencies Screw Tool Torque


from 18 to 38 GHz Allen screw M3 Allen key 2.5 mm 1 Nm
up to 15 GHz Allen screw M4 Allen key 3 mm 2 Nm

Warning: It is advisable to shape the waveguide flexible trunk, connecting ODU flange with
antenna flange as shown in Fig. 14.7 This avoids possible condensate to be channelled towards
the ODU flange.

Installation of the ODU

1. Remove the plastic cover from the ODU flange side. Apply silicon grease e.g. type
RHODOSIL PATE 4 to the O–ring of Fig. 14.6.
Warning: Do not remove the foil from the flange.
2. Bring the ODU with the two hands and position the ODU handle at the bottom side.
3. Position the ODU body close to the support with ODU fast locking mechanism and align
ODU side flange (see Fig. 14.6) to antenna side flange ( see Fig. 14.2 – 1+0 version)
or hybrid side flange (see Fig. 14.4 – 1+1 version).
Note: For 1+0 version the ODU can assume positions of Fig. 14.5 depending on the
polarisation.
4. With respect to the flange alignment, turn the ODU body approx. 30° anti–clockwise
and then insert the ODU body into the support and search for alignment between

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 95


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

reference tooth on the support (see Fig. 14.2 – 1+0 version or Fig. 14.4 – 1+1 version)
and ODU body reference tooth (see detail Fig. 14.6)
5. When alignment is achieved, turn the ODU body clockwise until “clack” is heard and
the ODU rotation stops.
6. Secure ODU body on the support by tightening bolts (1) (see Fig. 14.2 – 1+0 version
or Fig. 14.4 – 1+1 version). Tightening torque must be 6 Nm.
Final assembly of 1+1 version is shown in Fig. 14.7.

14.4 GROUNDING

The ODU must be connected to ground making reference to details of Fig. 14.8.

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CM.89012.I

Extension plate

Supporting plate

M8 bolt and nut

Fig. 14.1 Wall supporting plate

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Flexible waveguide trunk

Antenna side flange

Support with ODU fast


locking mechanism

Reference tooth
Reference tooth

1
1

13 mm wrench
6 Nm torque

Position of antenna
side flange

Fig. 14.2 Support with ODU fast locking mechanism

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 14.3 Mounting possible positions

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1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Use 13 mm wrench
(18 Nm torque)

Hybrid with ODU fast


locking mechanism

Reference tooth Reference tooth

RT1 RT2
Fig. 14.4

100 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Vertical Horizontal

Fig. 14.5 Position of the ODU body depending on the polarisation for 1+0. For 1+1 the
polarisation is always vertical: handle at the left side.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 101


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Reference tooth

O–ring
ODU side flange

”N”

”BNC”

Ground bolt

Fig. 14.6 ODU body reference tooth

102 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 14.7 Final ODU assembly of 1+1 version

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 103


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

1
2
3
4
5

1. Bolt
2. Spring washer
3. Flat washer
4. Earth cable collar
5. Flat washer

Fig. 14.8 ODU grounding

104 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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15
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15.

ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
INSTALLATION ONTO THE POLE OF
THE ODU WITH INTEGRATED
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ ANTENNA (KIT V52191, V52192)

15.1 FOREWORD

The installation onto the pole of the ODU with integrated antenna concerns both 1+0 and 1+1
versions.

15.2 INSTALLATION KIT

Following installation kits are supplied with the equipment depending on different versions:

1+0 version

• 60 to 114 mm pole mounting kit consisting of:


– centering ring and relevant screws (see Fig. 15.1)
– antislide strip (see Fig. 15.2)
– pole support system and pole fixing brackets (see Fig. 15.3)
– ODU with O–ring and devices for ground connection

1+1 version

• pole mounting kit from 60 to 114 mm for 1+1 consisting of:


– centering ring and relevant screws (see Fig. 15.1)
– antislide strip (see Fig. 15.2)
– pole support system and pole fixing brackets (see Fig. 15.3)

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 105


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

• hybrid mechanical body (see Fig. 15.12)


• polarization twist disk (see Fig. 15.13)
• 2 ODUs with O–rings and devices for ground connection

15.3 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED)

• N.2 13 mm torque wrench


• N.1 15 mm torque wrench
• N.1 17 mm torque wrench
• N.1 3 mm Allen wrench

15.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

Installation procedure proceeds according with the following steps:

1+0 version

1. installation onto the pole of the support system


2. installation of the antenna
3. installation of ODU
4. antenna aiming
5. ODU grounding

1+1 version

1. installation onto the pole of the support system


2. installation of the antenna
3. installation of hybrid circuit
4. installation of the two ODUs
5. antenna aiming
6. ODU grounding

106 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

15.4.1 Installation onto the pole of the support system and the antenna

Fig. 15.1 – Set the antenna in such a position as to be able to operate on its rear side. Locate
the five threaded holes around antenna flange. Mount centering ring onto antenna flange and
tight it with 3 calibrated bolts.
Caution: centering ring should be mounted so that the screws do not stick out.
Define if the antenna will be mounted with vertical or horizontal polarization. Check that free
drain holes stay at bottom side. Mount bolt type M10x30, in position A leaving it loose of 2 cm
approx. With horizontal polarization mount bolt type M10x30 in position D, leaving it loose of
2 cm approx.
Fig. 15.2 – Mount antislide strip onto the pole. Place blocks as in Fig. 15.2 following antenna
aiming direction. Tighten the strip with screwdriver.
Fig. 15.3 – Mount pole supporting system with relevant pole fixing brackets following antenna
aiming direction as indicated by arrow. Antislide strip should result at the center of supporting
plate. Supporting system should lean against antislide clamp with the tooth as in Fig. 15.4.
Position the antenna in such a way that bolt in position A or D of Fig. 15.1 cross through hole
E of Fig. 15.5. Secure the support system to the pole by means of the pole fixing brackets and
relevant fixing bolts.
Fig. 15.6 – Rotate the antenna body until the remainder three antenna holes coincide with the
three support holes. Secure the antenna to the support by thightening the relevant passing
through bolts.

15.4.2 Installation of ODU

1+0 version

1. Apply silicon grease e.g. RHODOSIL PATE 4” to the O–ring (4) of Fig. 15.9 by
protecting finger hands with gloves.
2. Bring the ODU with the two hands and position the ODU handle at the bottom side. The
ODU handle can assume position of Fig. 15.7 depending on the polarization.
3. Position the ODU body near the support system and align ODU side flange to antenna
side flange (see Fig. 15.8).
With respect to the flange alignment, turn the ODU body approx. 30° anti–clockwise
and then insert the ODU body into the support and search for alignment between
reference tooth on the support (see Fig. 15.8) and ODU body reference tooth (see
detail of Fig. 15.9).
4. When alignment is achieved, turn the ODU body clockwise until “clack” is heard and
the ODU rotation stops.
Fig. 15.10 and Fig. 15.11 show ODU housing final position for vertical and horizontal
polarization respectively.
5. Secure ODU body on the support system by tightening bolts (1) of Fig. 15.8.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 107


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

1+1 version

Fig. 15.12 – Apply silicon grease, type “RHODOSIL PATE 4” to O–rings (1).
Insert O–rings (1) and (6) into twist polarization disk (2).
Vertical polarization
Fix the disk on hybrid flange placing marker (4), on disk, close to V mark.
Horizontal polarization
Fix the disk on hybrid flange placing reference (4), on disk, close to H mark.
Caution: Twist disk has two planes. Take care of position marker (4) on twist disk. The position
of marker (4) plane should be in contact to hybrid like in figure. Tighten progressively and
alternatively four screws (7) with four spring washers (8) with the following torque:

Tab. 15.1

Frequencies Screw Tool Torque


from 18 to 38 GHz Allen screw M3 Allen key 2.5 mm 1 Nm
up to 15 GHz Allen screw M4 Allen key 3 mm 2 Nm

Fig. 15.13 – Fix hybrid to support system with four bolts (1) taking care of RT1/RT2 position
shown by labels of Fig. 15.13. Tighten progressively and alternatively four bolts (1).

15.4.3 ODU installation

The installation procedure of the two ODUs is the same.


1. Apply silicon grease e.g. RHODOSIL PATE 4” to the O–ring (4) of the Fig. 15.9 by
protecting finger hands with gloves.
2. Bring the ODU with the two hands and position the ODU handle at the bottom side. For
1+0 the ODU can assume position of Fig. 15.7 depending on the polarisation.
For 1+1 the handle ODU position is always placed at the right side (horizontal
polarization).
3. Position the ODU body near the support system and align ODU side flange to antenna
side flange (see Fig. 15.8). With respect to the flange alignment, turn the ODU body
approx. 30° anti–clockwise and then insert the ODU body into the support and search
for alignment between reference tooth on the support (see Fig. 15.8) and ODU body
reference tooth (see detail of Fig. 15.9).
4. When alignment is achieved, turn the ODU body clockwise until “clack” is heard and
the ODU rotation stops.
Fig. 15.10 and Fig. 15.11 show ODU housing final position for vertical and horizontal
polarization respectively for 1+0 version.
Fig. 15.14 shows ODU housing final position for 1+1 version.
5. Secure ODU body on the support system by tightening bolts (1) of Fig. 15.8.

108 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

15.5 ANTENNA AIMING

Antenna aiming for 1+0 version and 1+1 version is the same. The antenna aiming devices allow
to perform the following adjustments with respect to the starting aiming position:

• Horizontal ± 15° operating on the nut (3) shown in Fig. 15.15, only
after having loosen the nuts (7), (8), (9), (10) of
Fig. 15.16.

• vertical ± 15° operating on vertical adjustment worm screw (2)


shown in Fig. 15.15 only after having loosen nuts (1),
(2), (11) of Fig. 15.16 and (4) of Fig. 15.15.

For adjustment from 0° to +30° extract nut (1) Fig. 15.16


and position it in hole (4), extract nut (2) Fig. 15.16 and
position it in hole (6). Operate on vertical adjustment
worm screw (2) after having loosen nuts (1), (2), (11) of
Fig. 15.16 and (4) of Fig. 15.15.

For adjustment from 0° to –30° extract nut (1) of


Fig. 15.16 and position it in hole (3), extract nut (2) of
Fig. 15.16 and position it in hole (5). Operate on vertical
adjustment worm screw (2) after having loosen nuts (1),
(2), (11) of Fig. 15.16 and (4) of Fig. 15.15.
For vertical adjustment some markers, every 10°, are available on support. The bigger marker
gives 0° starting aiming position. Once the optimum aiming position is obtained, tighten firmly
the four nuts (1), (2), (11) of Fig. 15.16 and (4) of Fig. 15.15 for vertical adjustment and the four
nuts (7), (8), (9), (10) of Fig. 15.16 for horizontal adjustment. Tighten with 15 mm wrench and
32 Nm torque.

15.6 GROUNDING

See Fig. 15.17.


On ODU grounding can be connected with the available bolt spring washer and flat washers as
shown.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 109


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

A D D C

B C A B

Vertical polarization Horizontal polarization

3 mm Allen key 2
2,5 Nm torque

A
1
C

1. Antenna
2. Calibrated Allen screw
3. Centering ring

Fig. 15.1

110 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1. Steel belt
2. Plastic blocks

Fig. 15.2 Antislide strip

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 111


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Antenna aiming direction


3

15 mm wrench
32 Nm torque 3

3 3

1. Pole fixing brackets


2. Tooth
3
3. Bolt
4. Pole support system

Fig. 15.3 Support mount on pole

112 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Antenna aiming direction

1. Tooth

Fig. 15.4

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 113


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Fig. 15.5

114 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

B C

A D
15 mm wrench
32 Nm torque

A, B, C, D Bolt slots

Fig. 15.6 Antenna installation on pole support

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 115


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Vertical Horizontal

Fig. 15.7 Position of the ODU handle depending on the polarisation for 1+0.
For 1+1 the polarisation is always horizontal. Handle at the right side.

116 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1 13 mm wrench
6 Nm torque
H
H

H
H
1
1
H
H

H
H 1
H: Reference tooth

Fig. 15.8 Support system for ODU housing and reference tooth in evidence

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 117


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

Reference tooth

O–ring
ODU side flange

”N”

”BNC”

Ground bolt

Fig. 15.9 ODU body reference tooth

118 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

30°

Fig. 15.10 ODU housing final position for vertical polarization

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 119


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

30°

30°

Fig. 15.11 ODU housing final position for horizontal polarization

120 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

8
1

2
4
6

1. O–ring
2. Polarization twist disk
3. Hybrid mechanical body
4. Position marker of twist disk
5. Reference label for twist disk
6. O–ring
7. Allen screws
8. Spring washer

Fig. 15.12 Hybrid and twist disk

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 121


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

RT1
2
1
RT2 13 mm wrench
18 Nm torque

1. Bolts
2. Spring washer

Fig. 15.13 Hybrid mount on pole support

122 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 15.14 ODU housing final position for 1+1 version

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 123


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

1
2 15 mm wrench
32 Nm torque

1. Marker
2. Vertical adjustment
3. Horizontal adjustment
4. Bolt

Fig. 15.15 Vertical and horizontal adjustments

124 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

15 mm wrench 15 mm wrench
32 Nm torque 32 Nm torque

7
4 11 1 8
3

10
9 15 mm wrench
5 6 32 Nm torque
2
15 mm wrench
32 Nm torque

1., 2., 3., 4. Horizontal aiming block bolts


5., 6., 7. Vertical aiming block bolts
8., 11. Threaded hole for vertical aiming up to –30°
9., 10. Threaded hole for vertical aiming up to +30°

Fig. 15.16 Antenna aiming block

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 125


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

1
2
3
4
5

1. Bolt
2. Spring washer
3. Flat washer
4. Earth cable collar
5. Flat washer

Fig. 15.17 ODU grounding

126 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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16
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16.

ÓÓÓÓÓÓ
INSTALLATION ONTO THE POLE OF
THE ODU WITH INTEGRATED
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ ANTENNA (KIT V32307, V32308)

16.1 FOREWORD

The installation onto the pole of the ODU with integrated antenna concerns both 1+0 and 1+1
versions.

16.2 INSTALLATION KIT

Following installation kits are supplied with the equipment depending on different versions:

1+0 version

• 60 to 129 mm pole mounting kit:


– centring ring and relevant screws
– pole support system plus antenna (already assembled) and pole fixing brackets
– 1+0 ODU support and relevant screws
– ODU with O–ring and devices for ground connection

1+1 version

• 60 to 129 mm pole mounting kit:


– centring ring and relevant screws
– pole support system plus antenna (already assembled) and pole fixing brackets
– 1+0 ODU support

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 127


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

– hybrid and relevant screws


– polarization twist disk and relevant screws
– 2 ODUs with O–rings and devices for ground connection.

16.3 REQUIRED TOOLS FOR MOUNTING (NOT SUPPLIED)

• N.1 2.5 mm Allen wrench


• N.1 3 mm Allen wrench
• N.1 6 mm Allen wrench
• N.1 13 mm spanner
• N.2 17 mm spanner.

16.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

Installation procedure is listed below:

1+0 version

1. antenna polarization
2. installation of the centring ring on the antenna
3. installation of 1+0 ODU support
4. installation onto the pole of the assembled structure
5. installation of ODU
6. antenna aiming
7. ODU grounding

1+1 version

1. antenna polarization
2. installation of the centring ring on the antenna
3. installation of 1+0 ODU support
4. installation onto the pole of the assembled structure

128 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

5. installation of hybrid
6. installation of ODUs
7. antenna aiming
8. ODU grounding.

16.5 1+0 MOUNTING PROCEDURES

16.5.1 Setting antenna polarization

Fig. 16.1 – Set the antenna in such a position to operate on its rear side. Locate the four 2.5 mm
Allen screws around the antenna flange. Unscrew them (use 2.5 mm Allen wrench) and position
the antenna flange according on: horizontal wave guide –> vertical polarization, vertical wave
guide –> horizontal polarization. Screw again the four Allen screws.

16.5.2 Installation of the centring ring on the antenna

Fig. 16.1 – Set the antenna in such a position to operate on its rear side. Locate the three holes
around the antenna flange. Mount the centring ring onto antenna flange and tight it with the 3
Allen screws M4 (use 3mm Allen wrench).

16.5.3 Installation of 1+0 ODU support

Fig. 16.1 – Mount the support onto assembled structure (pole support system plus antenna)
using the four 6 mm Allen screws (use 6 mm Allen wrench). Two of the four screws, diagonally
opposed, must be mounted with the two bushes around.

16.5.4 Installation onto the pole of the assembled structure

Fig. 16.1 – Mount the assembled structure on the pole using the two pole fixing brackets and
the four 17 mm screws (use 17 mm spanner); the heads of the screws are inserted on the
antenna side, the four nuts and the springs between nut and brackets are inserted on bracket
side.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 129


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

16.5.5 Installation of ODU (on 1+0 support)

Fig. 16.2 – Apply silicon grease (e.g. RHODOSIL PATE 4”) on the O–ring by protecting fingers
with gloves.
Fig. 16.3 – Bring the ODU with the two hands and position the ODU handle at the bottom side.
The handle can assume the positions shown in the figure depending on the polarization. Position
the ODU body near the support and align the wave guide of the ODU to the Wave guide of the
antenna: respect to the position of wave guide alignment, turn the ODU body approx. 30°
counter–clockwise and then insert the ODU body into the support and search for matching
between reference tooth on the support (see Fig. 16.4) and reference tooth on the ODU body.
Fig. 16.5 – When alignment of the references teeth is achieved, turn the ODU body clockwise
until “clack” is heard and rotation is stopped. In figure are shown ODU final position for both
polarizations.
Fig. 16.4 – When ODU positioning is over, secure ODU body on the support by tightening bolts
(use 17mm spanner, torque = 6Nm).

16.5.6 Antenna aiming

Antenna aiming procedure for 1+0 version or 1+1 version is the same.
Horizontal aiming: ±5° operating on the 17 mm nut shown in Fig. 16.6 with a 17 mm spanner,
only after having loosen the two 17 mm nut on the pivot.
Vertical aiming: ±20° operating on the 13 mm nut shown in Fig. 16.6 with a 13 mm spanner, only
after having loosen the three 13 mm nut on the pole support.
Once optimum position is obtained, tighten firmly all the nuts previously loosen.

16.5.7 ODU grounding

ODU grounding is achieved with the bolt spring washer and flat washers as shown in Fig. 16.7.

16.6 1+1 MOUNTING PROCEDURES

In further page are explained all the mounting step not already discussed in “1+0 mounting
procedures”

130 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

16.6.1 Installation of Hybrid

Fig. 16.8 – The polarization twist disk must be always fixed on hybrid flange. Apply silicon grease
(e.g. RHODOSIL PATE 4”) on the O–rings by protecting fingers with gloves. Bring the
polarization twist disk with the position marker down. Insert the O–ring into polarization twist
disk.
Vertical polarization: fix the twist disk on hybrid flange placing the marker of the disk towards
V mark.
Horizontal polarization: fix the twist disk on hybrid flange placing the marker of the disk towards
H mark.
Tighten progressively and alternatively the four screws and spring washer with following torque:

Tab. 16.1

Frequencies Screw Tool Torque


from 18 to 38 GHz Allen screw M3 Allen key 2.5 mm 1 Nm
up to 15 GHz Allen screw M4 Allen key 3 mm 2 Nm

Fig. 16.9 – Fix hybrid body to 1+0 support with four 13 mm bolts (use 13 mm spanner, torque
= 18 Nm), tighten progressively and alternatively the bolts.

16.6.2 Installation of ODUs (on hybrid for 1+1 version)

For both ODUs.


Fig. 16.2 – Apply silicon grease e.g. RHODOSIL PATE 4” to the O–ring by protecting fingers
with gloves.
Fig. 16.3 – Bring the ODU with the two hands and position the ODU handle at the bottom side.
The handle can assume the positions shown in the figure depending on the polarization. Position
the ODU body near the support and align the wave guide of the ODU to the wave guide of the
hybrid: respect to the position of wave guide alignment, turn the ODU body approx. 30°
counter–clockwise and then insert the ODU body into the support. For 1+1 system the handle
of the ODU is always positioned on the right. The polarization twist disk on the hybrid matches
the antenna polarization.
Fig. 16.10 – When alignment of the reference teeth is achieved, turn the ODU body clockwise
until “clack” is heard and the rotation stops. In figure are shown ODUs final position.
Fig. 16.4 – When ODU positioning is over, secure ODU body on the support by tightening bolts
(use 17 mm spanner, torque = 6 Nm).

WARNING: Internal codes (e.g. installation items, antennas, PCB) are here reported only as
example. The Manufacturer reserves the right to change them without any previous advice.

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 131


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

Four 13mm
screws
Centring ring

Three 3mm
Allen screws Antenna

1+0 support

Two bushes

Fig. 16.1 1+0 pole mounting

132 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Reference tooth

O–ring
ODU wave guide

”N”

”BNC”

Ground bolt

Fig. 16.2 ODU body reference tooth

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 133


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Vertical Horizontal

Fig. 16.3 Position of the ODU handle depending on the polarisation for 1+0.
For 1+1 the polarisation is always horizontal. Handle at the right side.

134 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

3
1

1
5

4 4
1

2
3

1. 6 mm Allen screw
2. Bush (diagonally placed)
3. 17 mm Tightening bolts (max torque = 6 Nm)
4. Reference point for horizontal polarization
5. Reference point for vertical polarization

Fig. 16.4 1+0 support

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 135


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

1+0 ODU with handle on the right:


horizontal polarization

1+0 ODU with handle on the right:


vertical polarization

Fig. 16.5 ODU housing final position for both polarization

136 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Horizontal aiming: two


17mm block screws

Vertical aiming: three


13mm block screws
Pole support

17mm nut for horizontal


adjustment of antenna

Internal 5mm Allen


screw for vertical
adjustment of antenna

Fig. 16.6 Antenna aiming

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 137


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

1
2
3
4
5

1. Bolt
2. Spring washer
3. Flat washer
4. Earth cable collar
5. Flat washer

Fig. 16.7 ODU grounding

138 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

8
1

2
4
6

1. O–ring
2. Polarization twist disk
3. Hybrid mechanical body
4. Position marker of twist disk
5. Reference label for twist disk
6. O–ring
7. Allen screws
8. Spring washer

Fig. 16.8 Hybrid and twist disk

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 139


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

Fig. 16.9 Hybrid installation

140 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLOCM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Fig. 16.10 1+1 ODUs installation

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 141


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

142 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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4
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Section ÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓÓ
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Line–up

AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001 143


1. TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO
CM.89012.I

144 AL (Compact version) – MN.00142.E – 001


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17
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17.

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LINE–UP OF THE RADIO HOP

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17.1 LINE–UP OF THE RADIO HOP

The line–up consists of the following steps:


• on site radio terminal installation (perform user connections and ODU installation as
described in the relevant chapters)
• equipment switch–on (operate the ON/OFF switch on the IDU front)
• antenna alignment for maximum received RF signal level
• network element configuration
• check measurements.

17.1.1 Antenna alignment and received field measurement

Purpose of antenna alignment is to maximize the RF received signal level.


Proceed as follows:
• connect a multimeter to BNC connector on the ODU for AGC measurement
• adjust antenna pointing as soon as the maximum AGC voltage value is achieved.
The relationship between AGC voltage and received field is shown by Fig. 17.1.
The received field level has a tolerance of ±4 dB in the full temperature range.

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17.1.2 Network element configuration

A factory default address is assigned to each network element that must normally be
reconfigured on site following the network administrator rules.
To this purpose it is required to connect the PC, where the SCT/LCT program has been installed,
to the network interfaces.
This has to be done via USB or Ethernet cable.
Warning: the checks that follow require a good knowledge of the program use.
The description of each menu and relevant windows are given by the program itself as help on
line.

Run the program and perform the connection to equipment by choosing from menu “Option” the
connection made via USB cable.
Perform the login to the equipment by entering:
• Equipment IP address 7
• User ID (default: SYSTEM)
• Password: (default: SIAEMICR)

Proceed to program what above mentioned following this path:


• IP Address: select menu “Equipment” from the menu bar and then Communication
Setup–>Port Configuration. Enter the required port addresses in the available
communication ports. Press ? for details.
• Routing Table and Default Gateway: select menu “Equipment” from the menu bar and
then Communication Setup–>Routing table: enter the routes or default gateway if
necessary. Press ? for details.
Warning: the routing policy depends on the routing type: manual IP/OSPF/IS–IS. The
relevant routing rules must be normally given by network administrator.
• Remote Element Table: select menu “Tools” from menu bar and then Subnetwork
Configuration Wizard. Station name and remote element table must be assigned
following description of the contextual help on–line (?).
• Agent IP Address: select menu “Equipment” and then “Properties”. Assign the address
in accordance to the address of the remote element you want to reach.

7. If the connection is made via USB cable, the IP address is automatically achieved.

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17.1.3 Radio checks

It is advisable to perform the following measurements to check the correct operation of the radio
hop:
• Transmitted power
• Received power
• RF frequency
• BER measurement

All these checks make use of the SCT/LCT program.


• Transmitted power, received RF level, RF frequency
– Run SCT/LCT program and then perform the connection to the equipment you
want to check.
– Make double click on the select equipment until main RADIO PDH–AL window is
shown.
– On top of the window Tx/Rx power and frequency values are displayed. In case
of Tx power and frequency setup proceed to Branch 1/2 and Power/Frequencies
submenus.
• BER measurement
– Run SCT/LCT program and then perform the connection to the equipment you
want to check.
– Make double click on the selected equipment until main RADIO PDH–AL window
is shown.
– On the left side select BER1/2 measure.
In alternative it is possible to use the PRBS function if one or 2 Mbit/s line is free.
– Perform the BER measurement and check that values comply with the
requirements.

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2,625

2,25

1,875

1,5

1,125

0,75

0 dBm
–100 –80 –70 –60 –50 –40 –30 –20

Fig. 17.1 Detected voltage versus Rf received signal

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PERIODICAL CHECKS

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18.1 GENERAL

Periodical checks are used to check correct operation of the radio equipment without the
presence of any alarm condition.
The SCT/LCT programs running on the PC are used for the purpose.

18.2 CHECKS TO BE CARRIED OUT

The following checks must be carried out:


• check of the transmitted power;
• check of the received field strength (the reading must match the value resulting from
hop calculations);
• check of bit error rate and hop performances.
For checking procedures, please refer to SCT/LCT program and relevant help–on line.

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TROUBLESHOOTING

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19.1 GENERAL

The AL equipment consists of the following replaceable parts:


• IDU
• ODU
Purpose of the troubleshooting is to pinpoint the faulty part and replace it with spare.
Warning: the replacement of a faulty IDU with spare causes the spare IDU to be
re–programmed. To the purpose refer to chapter 19 for the relevant procedure.

19.2 TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE

Troubleshooting starts as soon as one of the following alarm condition: IDU/ODU/REM is


switched ON on the IDU panel from (see Fig. 19.1) or alarm messages are displayed by
managers SCT/LCT.
Two methods are used to troubleshoot the cause of fault:
• loop facilities
• alarm message processing using the manager SCT/LCT

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19.2.1 Loop facilities

The equipment is provided with different loops that help locate the faulty part.
Warning: the majority of loops causes the traffic to be lost.
The available loops are the following:
• local tributary loops: usually used to test the cables interfacing the equipment
upstreams
• remote tributary loops: usually used to test the two direction link performance making
use of an unused 2 Mbit/s signal.
• baseband loop: it permits to test the LIM circuits
• IDU loop: it permits to test the complete IDU (optional)
• RF loop: it permits to test the complete radio terminal.

19.2.2 Alarm messages processing

When an alarm condition occurs, the equipment generates a number of alarm messages that
appear on the SCT windows ie: log history area and equipment view current alarm.
Investigation on the alarm message meaning permits to troubleshoot the faulty module.

Alarm message organisation

The alarms (traps) are organized as alarm grouping relevant to a specific functions performed
by the equipment.
The alarm grouping is available only in the view current alarm submenu.
What follows is the list of the alarm grouping:
• COMMON – alarms which are not related to a specific part of the equipment but
relevant to the link as EOC radio link alarm or link telemetry fail. If these alarms are ON
the link is lost. Investigation must be made on a possible bad propagation or equipment
failure. See the condition of the others alarm grouping.
• LIM – This grouping may generate alarms for the following causes:
– external fault: tributary loss signal
– LIM failure: i.e. multiplexer/demultiplexer failure or modulator/demodulator failure.
• RIM – This grouping may generate alarms for the following causes:
– external fault: demodulator fail alarm and local ODU alarm are generated when
the ODU becomes faulty.
– RIM failure – power supply alarm along with cable short/open alarms or
modulator/demodulator alarms are activated.

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• RT – This grouping may generate alarms for the following causes:


– external fault: Rx power low alarm is generated given by a bad propagation or by
a faulty remote terminal.
– ODU failure: PSU fail alarm or RF VCO alarm or RT IF alarm is activated. If this
happens, replace the ODU.
• UNIT – This grouping generates alarms when one of the units, the equipment consists
of, is faulty or does not respond to the controller polling. Replace the faulty unit.
• CONTROLLER – There is not an alarm message relevant to a controller module
failure. An alarm condition causes Led IDU to steady lights up.

Trib. 1–2–3–4

Q3 LCT USER IN/OUT 48V


PS
TEST
R AL
Trib. 5–6–7–8

+

Fig. 19.1 IDU front

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EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION
UPLOAD/SAVE/DOWNLOAD.
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ PARAMETER MODIFICATION AND
CREATION OF VIRTUAL
CONFIGURATIONS.

20.1 SCOPE

This chapter describes the procedure to create configuration files.


Equipment configuration files must be used in case of replacing a faulty IDU with a spare. To
this purpose it is necessary to upload, from each network element, equipment configurations
and save them on three configuration files.
It is advisable to do it upon the first installation. Configuration file download on the spare
CONTROLLER permits to restore previous operating condition. It is also possible to create
virtual configuration without being connected to equipment.

20.2 PROCEDURE

To configure the spare IDU the following must be uploaded/saved on the file/downloaded:
• General equipment configuration
• Addresses and routing table
• Remote element table
To do it, run the SCT/LCT program (see relevant documentation available on line) until
“Subnetwork Craft Terminal” application window is displayed.

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20.2.1 General equipment configuration

Upload and save

1. Select Open Configuration Template from Tools menu following this path: Tools 
Equipment Configuration Wizard  File  Open Configuration Template.
The system will show Template Selection window.
2. Choose from Template Selection window the type of equipment and version (for
instance radio PDH AL: 2x2, 4x2, 8x2, 16x2 Mbit/s) from which you want to make the
upload.
3. Press OK.
The system will display the Configuration Wizard window referring to the selected type
of equipment and version (example: radio PDH AL: 2x2, 4x2, 8x2, 16x2 Mbit/s)
4. Press Upload push button and select Get Current Type Configuration from
Equipment.
The system will display the Upload Configuration File window. The window will show
the equipment list.
5. Select the equipment you wish to upload a configuration file from (normally the local
equipment) by activating the relevant box.
6. Press OK.
The system displays the Communication Status window where is pointed out:
– the operation status: upload in progress/complete.
– errors area: where error messages relevant to possible abort of the operation are
displayed.
At the end of the operation by pressing OK, the system displays, the uploaded
equipment parameters present into the Configuration Wizard window.
7. Save the uploaded configuration into a file by selecting Save File As command from
File  Save  Save File As.
The system will display Save This Config. File.
Type the file name into the proper box (with “cfg” extension) and set the path to be used
to save the file.
8. Press Save push button to finish.

Download

After having installed the spare IDU proceed as follows:


1. Select Open File from Tools menu following this path: Tools menu  Equipment
Configuration Wizard  File  Open  Open File.
The system will display Select a Config. File window.
2. Select the wanted file and open it by pushing Open push button. The system will
display the file content.

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3. Press Download push button and select Configure Equipment as Current File.
4. Activate the box relevant to the equipment you wish to download configuration file to
(normally the local equipment) and select Configure Equipment as Current File.
5. Press OK.
The system displays the Communication Status window where is pointed out:
– the operation status: upload in progress/completed
– errors area: where error messages relevant to possible abort of operation are
displayed.
6. Press OK to finish.

20.2.2 Addresses and routing table

Upload and save

1. Select Open Address Configuration Template from Tools menu following this path:
Tools menu  Equipment Configuration Wizard  File  Open  Open Address
Configuration Template .
The system will show the mask of the Address Comfiguration Template.
2. Press Upload push button and select Get Current Type Configuration from
Equipment.
The system will display the Upload Configuration File window.
3. Select the equipment you wish to upload a configuration from (normally the local
equipment).
4. Press OK.
The system displays the Communication Status window where is pointed out:
– the operation status: upload in progress
– errors area: where error messages relavant to possible abort of the operation are
displayed.
At the end of the operation, the system displays, the equipment parameter present into
the Configuration Wizard window.
5. Save the uploaded configuration into a file by selecting Save File As command from
File  Save  Save File As
The system will display the Save This Config. File window. Into the proper boxes type
the file name (with “cfg” extension) and set the path to be used to save the file.
6. Press Save push button to finish.

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Download

1. Select Open File command from Tools menu following this path: Tools  Equipment
Configuration Wizard  File  Open  Open File.
The system will display Select a Config. File window.
2. Select the wanted file and open it by pushing Open push button. The system will
display the parameters contained into the file.
3. Press Download push button and select Configure Equipment as Current File.
4. Activate the box relevant to the equipment you wish to download configuration file to
(normally the local equipment).
5. Press OK.
The system will display Download Type Selection window. Activate boxes IP port
addresses configuration e Routing table . If OSPF facility is enabled, you can only
select Standard (IP/Communication/OSPF) Settings.
6. Press OK.
The system will show a warning indicating the possibility to procede the download or
not.
7. Press OK.
The system will show the Download in progress.
8. At the end of the download will be shown the file content.

20.2.3 Remote Element Table

Upload and save

1. Select window Subnetwork Configuration Wizard from menu Tools.


2. Select equipment Local from Actual Configuration Area and then press Retrieve. In
New configuration area is shown the list of remote equipment included the local.
3. Press Save to file. The system will show window Save remote element configuration
file.
4. Save the file with Rel extension and then press Save to finish.

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Download

1. Select Subnetwork Configuration Wizard from menu Tool.


2. Press Read from file and then select the desired file (with Rel extension).
3. Press Open push button and then the system will show the file content into the New
Configuration Area.
4. Select into the Actual configuration area the equipment you desire to download, the
list of the remote element included the local.
5. Press Send to send the list.

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BACK UP FULL EQUIPMENT
CONFIGURATION WITHOUT
ÓÓÓÓÓÓ POSSIBILITY OF MODIFYING THE
PARAMETERS

21.1 SCOPE

This chapter describes the procedure to back up the full equipment configuration.
This allows to recover the original equipment configuration in case of faulty IDU replacement
with spare.

21.2 CONFIGURATION UPLOAD

Foreword: it is advisable to upload the configuration during the first installation. Proceed as
follows:
1. Select “Equipment Configuration Wizard” from menu “Tools”; “Equipment
Configuration Wizard” window will be displayed.
2. Select “Upload” and then “Backup Full Equipment Configuration”; “Template
Selection” window will be displayed.
3. Select the correct equipment template (in case of uncorrected choice the backup will
be aborted).
4. Press OK and then select the equipment to be uploaded from “Upload Configuration
File” window.
5. Press OK and then edit the file name from “Save backup as” window.

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6. Press Save; “Equipment Configuration Wizard: Complete Backup” window will appear.
The window shows dynamically the backup procedure. If everything is OK, at the end
of the upload will appear the word “done” showing the procedure success.
7. Press OK to finish.

21.3 CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD

Once the spare IDU has been installed proceed as follows:


1. Select “Equipment Configuration Wizard” from menu “Tools”. “Equipment
Configuration Wizard” window will be displayed.
2. Select “Download” and than “Restore Full Equipment Configuration” from
Equipment Configuration Wizard. “Select Backup File” window will be displayed.
3. Select the wanted backup file with extension .bku and then press Open. “Download
Configuration File” window will be displayed.
4. Select the equipment to download and then press OK; “Equipment Configuration
Wizard: Complete restore” window will be displayed. This window shows dynamically
the download operation. The word “done” indicates that download has been
successfully.
5. Press OK to finish.
Warning: In case of EOC alarm proceed to restart the equipment.

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Programming and
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22.

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PROGRAMMING AND
SUPERVISION
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22.1 GENERAL

The radio equipment was designed to be easily programmed and supervised.


The following tools are implemented to the purpose:
• SCT Subnetwork Craft Terminal + LCT Local Craft Terminal. They are used for remote
and local control of a subnetwork consisted of a maximum of 100 ALC radio equipment.
• NMS5–UX Network Management. It is used for the remote control of an entire network
consisted of different SIAE equipment including ALC family radio equipment.
For details refer to relevant documentation. SCT/LCT documentation is available as help
on–line.

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Composition

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23.

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COMPOSITION OF THE INDOOR
UNIT
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23.1 GENERAL

The IDU is offered in the following versions:


• 1+0 compact
• 1+1 compact.

23.2 IDU PART NUMBER

The IDU is available in different versions, each of one identified by a specific part number. This
P/N is shown on a label attached on the IDU mechanical structure, top left side.
The P/N consists of seven digits with the following meaning:

Digit Letter/number Meaning


1 G Functional assembly of units completed by a mechanical struc-
ture
2 A AL family
3 I Indoor installation
4 to 7 0069 16x2 – 75 Ohm – 1+1
0073 16x2 – 75 Ohm – 1+1EOW
0076 16x2 – 75 Ohm – 1+0
0078 16x2 – coax – 1+0
0079 8x2 – 75 – 1+0
0080 8x2 – 120 – 1+0
0081 8x2 – 120 – 1+1
0084 16x2 – 120 – 1+1
0085 8x2 – 75 – 1+1
0086 16x2 – 120 – 1+0
0087 8x2 – 120 – 1+0 EOW
0088 8x2 – 120 – 1+1 EOW
0089 4x2 – 120 – 1+0 V28
0090 4x2 – 120 – 1+1 V28
0091 16x2 – CX – 1+1 Eth

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This part number together with unit serial number is printed on a label, SIAE or custom,
positioned on unit cover.

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COMPOSITION OF OUTDOOR UNIT

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24.1 GENERAL

The ODU consists of a mechanical structure that houses all the transceiver circuitry. In 1+1
version the connection to the antenna is performed through a passive hybrid.
Both transceiver and hybrid are offered in different versions depending on the operating bands,
the antenna configuration etc...
A label attached on the ODU structure shows the most significant parameters as:

• operating band

• operating sub–band and sideband

• part number

• serial number

• duplexer frequency
A further label is positioned on the hybrid boby and shows the number of each transceiver and
type of hybrid, balanced or unbalanced.
The P/N consists of seven digits with the following meaning:

Digit Letter/number Meaning


1 G Functional assembly of units completed by a mechanical struc-
ture
2 A AL family
3 O Outdoor installation
4 to 7 ........ Combination describing various band, sub–band and duplexer
frequencies

Warning: In case of unbalanced type the lowest loss is always referred to branch 1.

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