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Technology had risen while our natural resources degraded because of unwanted done to it, it has

threatened to be depleted. Unprecedented population growth as well as increase in individual food consumption
has led to an inefficient usage of water, which is one of the most threatened natural resource. Water availability is
also degrading since the current trend ofincreasing commercialization of bottled water. In 2016 Philippines,
bottled water registered off-trade volume growth of 5% over the course of the year (Euromonitor.com). This is due
to the perception in many Philippine households that that bottled water is safer than tap water and this trend can
be seen the proliferation of water refilling businesses in barangay levels.

Drinking water should be safe so that its consumers won’t be at risk of any bacteria that can cause them
unwanted sickness. Water source is important if we were buying water or tapping from pipelines or wells. A clean
water supply - in particular water that is not polluted with fecal matter from lack of sanitation - is the single most
important determinant of public health. Destruction of water supply and/or sanitation infrastructure after major
catastrophes (earthquakes, floods, war, etc.) poses the immediate threat of severe epidemics of waterborne
diseases, several of which can be life-threatening. Water supply systems get water from a variety of locations after
appropriate treatment, including groundwater (aquifers), surface water (lakes and rivers), and the sea
through desalination. The water treatment steps include, in most cases, purification, disinfection
through chlorination and sometimes fluoridation. Treated water then either flows by gravity or is pumped
to reservoirs, which can be elevated such as water towers or on the ground. Once water is used, wastewater is
typically discharged in a sewer system and treated in a sewage treatment plant before being discharged into a
river, lake or the sea or reused for landscaping, irrigation or industrial use.

The overall objective of this study is to understand the consumption of bottled water from the
perspective of individual users, specifically students from University of the Philippines. This research also seeks to
understand bottled water use in terms of comparisons with tap water in order to understand the broader set of
choices within which the decision to use bottled drinking water is made. While environmental concerns associated
with water consumption and depletion of water resources have been studied to some extent, there seems to be
less systematic analysis of how existing tap water systems become a factor in the shift to bottled water. This study
thus seeks to gauge the extent to which knowledge of the environmental impacts of bottled water consumption
are prevalent among consumers.

Tap water consumption

This describes where the tap water is sourced, what type of treatment processes it has undergone and
what are used in the treatment, how much is the cost of treatment and who is charged for it, where are the areas
that are supplied, and where it is treated.

In university, tap water is sourced in a running water from a river,the Tumagbok river. It is gathered to a
collector well through an infiltration gallery pipeline. From the well, a good quality river water undergo directly,
chlorination and stored to the water reservoir while the poor quality river water proceed to basins and then pass
through a rapid sand filter in which it is well filtered before stored in the reservoir. Through the main pipeline the
treated water and it is distributed throughout the consumers and UPV Constituents from the reservoir.

The treatment used in the tap water is chlorination. Chlorination is the process of adding chlorine to the
water to disinfect it and kill germs. Different processes can be used to achieve safe levels of chlorine in drinking
water. Chlorine is available as compressed elemental gas, sodium hypochlorite solution (NaOCl) or solid calcium
hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2 . While the chemicals could be harmful in high doses, when they are added to water, they
all mix in and spread out, resulting in low levels that kill germs but are still safe to drink .
Proposed questions:

1. What is the water source? (e.g. rivers, wells)


2. 2anona type of water angarasa source (running water or stagnant) 2. What type of treatment
3. What is the process of water treatment?
4. How much is the cost of treatment and distribution?
5. Diinna areas supplied (gabayadang areas supplied?)
6. Who is in charge of the treatment and distribution?
7. Location kung diinginatreatang water(duration of treatment sng certain volume of water ex. 1000 gallons)
8. 1. What type of source? From where? 2. What are the treatments used? 3. Total cost and individual cost
(breakdown) of each treatment? 4. What are the areas in the campus being supplied?