Sie sind auf Seite 1von 26

ZP Integrated Network

Management System

Product Description
Version:1.0

ZP ELECTRON CO.,INC

12/2013

1
Preface

Audience

This manual is for:


 Network professional
 Technology professional
 Network administrator

2
Conventions

General convention

Convention Description

ZP ZP ELECTION integrated network management platform

Mysql Mysql database for ZP

Symbols
Symbols Types of Notes Types of Notes

Remind Notes A complementary description

Readers must be extremely careful


Notes, warning, danger
during the operation

3
Content
1. Product Description ............................................................................... 5
1.1 Product Positioning ........................................................................ 6
1.2 Product Feature .............................................................................. 6
1.3 Configuration Requirement ........................................................... 7
1.4.1 Hardware Configuration Requirement................................. 7
1.4.2 Software Configuration Requirement ............................. 8
The software configuration of server computer should meet
thefollowing requirements: ........................................................................... 8
1.4 Software Architecture ................................................................. 8
2. Networking Application ..................................................................... 9
2.1 Working Mode ............................................................................. 10
2.2 Connection Method ................................................................... 11
3. Management Function ..................................................................... 13
3.1 Configuration Management ..................................................... 14
3.2 Alarm Management ................................................................... 15
ZP classifies the alarms according to the alarm level and alarm status.
....................................................................................................................... 15
3.3 Performance Management ......................................................... 18
3.4 Safety Management..................................................................... 19
3.5 Topology Management ............................................................... 21
4. Performance Index and Standard ........................................................... 23
4.1 Performance Index....................................................................... 24
4.2 Standards and Protocols............................................................. 25
5. AppendixA:Abbreviation .................................................................. 26

4
1. Product Description

This chapter is to describe ZP.


 Product Positioning
 Product Feature
 Management Objects
 Configuration Requirement
 Software Architecture

5
1.1 Product Positioning

ZP NMS (hereafter referred as ZP) is Network Management System


published by ZP ELECTION, which provides network element to the whole
network management level. This product contains network unit
management platform, network unit management system and network
management system.
NMS is aim to remote operate for switch and PON products. The functions
include that configuration management, fault management, ability
management and security management. NMS use friendly graphical
interface to operate simply and more convenient.
 Centralized management for the access equipment and reduce
network maintenance costs.
 Monitor and detect network fault to enhance the stability.
 Analysis and plannetwork resources, improve resource utilization and
reduce network operating costs.

1.2 Product Feature

As NMS , ZP has below features :


 It operates NE according to relevant industry standards.
 Configuration management, fault management, performance
management, security management and topology management and
other management functions. System can monitor and control in real
time and provide reliable security strategy.
 Provide asset management, user management and other business
functions to make the network management system can afford a
simple network service.
 It has various types of system data backup function to prevent data
loss in extreme cases;
 Support SNMPV1 to V3 version of the downstream interface, provides
a standard SNMP V2 protocol uplink interface, it can manage various
types of SNMP devices.
 With online help, users can query information from NMSinstead of a
written manual.
 Take widely C / S architecture, the client and server are connected via

6
a LAN or WAN, using the network or band-band networking for
communication between ZP server and the managed devices.

1.3 Configuration Requirement

It introduces the requirements on hardware configuration requirements


and software configuration requirements of ZP server. ZP itself requires
lower on hardware source, but in consideration of the required resources,
the configurations should be the best configurations.

1.4.1 Hardware Configuration Requirement

The exact requirements of ZP server are as below according to the


different network size.

CPU Clock CPU


Network Size Flash Disk Network card
Rate No.

2*300GB, the space of disk


200 ~ 500pcs Intel® Xeon ® should be less ( drive
OLTs which processor 4 16G DDR3
D:by default ) than
hang full ONTs. X7460,2.66GHZ
85GB,NTFS Gigabit
Network
Adapter
Less than 2*146GB, the space of disk
Intel® Xeon ®
200pcs OLTs should be less (drive D:by
processor 2 8G DDR3
which hang full
E5506,3GHZ default )than 15GB,NTFS
ONTs.

Table 1-2 Hardware Configuration Requirement of Server End


Client end configuration requirement of ZP is as below;

CPU Clock CPU Graphic


Network Size Flash Disk
Rate No. card

200~500pcs of
OLT which hang 4G DDR3
full ONTs. Intel® 250GB, he space of disk
Core2® should be less ( drive D:by
1 32M
processor,2
Less than default )than 15GB,NTFS
GHZ
200pcs of OLT
2G DDR3
which hang full
ONTs.

Table 1-3 Hardware Configuration Requirement of Client End

7
1.4.2 Software Configuration Requirement

The software configuration of server computer should meet thefollowing


requirements:
 The copyrighted Windows2003 or Windows2008 Server R2 standard
operating system has been installed on the computer. 
 The computer uses the 64-bit operating system.
 The operator has assigned a fixed IP address for the network
management server and configured this IP address for the computer.
The software configuration of the client endcomputer should meet the
following requirement:
The copyrighted Windows XP、Windows2003、Windows2008 or Windows7
operating system has been installed on the computer.

1.4 Software Architecture

ZP NMS is based on Windows operation system and Mysql database,the


software architecture of ZP is shown in Figure 1-1

Figure 1-1 ZP Software Architecture

8
2. Networking Application

This chapter introduces the networking modes and connection methods


 Working Mode
 Connection Method

9
2.1 Working Mode

At present, ZP uses the client side-server side working mode.


When the network maintenance engineers are far from both the access
equipment and the network management system server, this client
side-server side working mode can be used to access the server via the
client side for achieving the purpose of managing the equipment. In this
case, the ZP’s client side and sever side can be installed on one computer,
as shown in Figure 2-1, or respectively on two computers. When the client
side and server side are installed on one computer, this is also called a
stand-alone mode.

Figure 2-1 An example of client side-server side mode application

10
Server side

ZP, namely a Windows server, communicates with the managed system,


collects various system data and saves these data to the database.
Meanwhile, after the background program of the network management
server processes these data, the server provides the equipment running
status information and the equipment management information for the
ZP’s clients.

Client side
ZPGUI, namely the client side, shows the managed system to users in the
GUI. Users can configure the access equipment conveniently. By
observing the change on the color of the status indicator in the GUI, users
can detect the performance changes of the managed system clearly and
handle the alarm events

2.2 Connection Method

ZP server use 3 types of interface, network model as below


feature 2-2.
 Communicate interface:Communicate using SNMP protocol
or special agreements with between devices.
 Internal interface : connect with client end, use private
protocol GVTP based on TCP.
 NBI:Interface with upper management system (such as
BOSS) ,provide WebService and SNMP port.

11
Figure 2-2 Network Structure

12
3. Management Function

This chapter describes the management functions of the ZP, including the
following sections.
 Configuration Management
 Alarm Management
 Performance Management
 Security Management
 Topology Management

13
3.1 Configuration Management

ZP provides full network device configuration management functions, users can


configure the device via ZP.
Full service configuration
ZP provides unified configuration GUI for full service configuration. You
can configure multiple services intensively using the ZP 0, immensely
improving the configuration efficiency.
Configuring in a batch manner
ZP provides batch configuration feature, you can configure the device
parameters, configure multiple devices VLAN, upgrade or backup data
devices in a batch manner, greatly improving the configuration efficiency
and accuracy.
ZP provide to modify NE logos, names, geographic information, but also
provides the ability to export the corresponding data, while still providing
add device functions in a batch manner.

Pre-configuration
ZP supports pre-configuration feature, users can firstly
pre-configure the required business and set the appropriate
configuration conditions, such as device type, device status,
device location, etc.
After the device is connected with ZP, ZP will determine whether
need to send pre-configured data to the device under the
conditions to complete service configuration. Pre-configuration
feature allows businesses to configure the device to work with a
network connection is not bound by the state to improve the
allocated efficiency, reduced maintenance difficulty.
Data consistency
ZP network in order to ensure real-time device data, it needs
synchronize some data to facilitate the users can
acknowledgethe true state of the device and the network, it
requires a very high demand of consistency for network
management and device data.
ZP synchronize with the device databy automatically polling,

14
manual updates, and Trap trigger.
 Automatic polling: ZP for network elements can be individually
or batch set the polling interval, when have more managed
equipment, related data of update equipment will cause
network huge pressure. So ZP polling is divided into two
kinds, one is status polling, only update the equipment status
information; one is property polling, update most equipment
information data, user can choose one according to their
needs in different polling methods.
Manual update:Users can also select a device directly through
the device menu from update menu items by manual updating.
 Trap Trigger : Trap is a proactive sending information
mechanism device which sends itself information to the
appointing address or status change. Network server
updates the device status or other relevant information based
on the received device Trap. If using , you need to set Trap
host as gateway server, ZP configures Trap host by batch.

3.2 Alarm Management

The alarm management refers to real-time monitoring for the abnormal


operations of the telecommunication network equipment and the network
path, including alarm classification, network-wide alarm display, alarm
isolation, alarm filtering, alarm confirmation and save, and alarm level
customization.

Alarm classification
ZP classifies the alarms according to the alarm level and alarm status.

ZP sets the alarm level according to the severity of a fault. Generally there
are five alarm levels:critical alarm, major alarm, minor alarm, warning and
Info.
 Critical alarm: refers to the alarm which causes the service
interruption and needs immediate troubleshooting. 
 Major alarm: refers to the alarm which influences services
and needs immediate troubleshooting. 

15
 Minor alarm: refers to the alarm which does not influence services
but needs troubleshooting to avoid deterioration. 
 Warning: refers to the alarm which does not influence the current
services but has the possibility to influence services; users can decide
whether to handle it or not as needed.
 Info:only provide some information.
ZP will divide alarm into 3 kinds based on the alarm source:
Device alarm, Trap alarm and Plat alarm.
 Device alarm:equipment status change will cause alarm,
they are Discovery and Poll;
 Trap alarm:alarm from all kinds of Trap analysis,it is Syslog、
Whole、Port and Unknown;
 Plat alarm: reminding information of NMS itself based on
source module. It is MAIN、DISCOVERY、POLL、FAULT、
CONFIG、SECURITY.
Alarm display
NMS provides 3kinds of alarm display.
 Real-time Alarm:displaying the alarms information which
client receives after booting
 Current Alarm : displayingall the current alarms
informationwhich have not been confirmed or cleared.
 All Alarms:displaying all the alarms information.
Furthermore, there are different marks and figures of alarm
number in the bottom of client graphical interface. Different marks
indicate different alarms severity.
ZP also provides the query of fault equipment, supporting quickly
view which equipment currently is in the state of major alarm or
critical alarm via the list.
Alarm Location
ZP network management system supports alarm location
function, and users can choose specified alarm information to
locate corresponding equipment topological graph.

16
AlarmFiltering
In network management, different reasons will cause different
levels of alarms. These alarms are of practical significance, but
some alarms are dispensablefor the specific users. Therefore, he
can set the alarm filtering to weed out the alarms he does not
want to see. After setting the alarm filtering, corresponding
alarms will not be showed in client.
In addition, ZP network management can also filter certain
interval repeat alarms.
Alarm Acknowledgment
Alarm acknowledgment provides recognition methods to check if
the alarms have been treated by equipment administrative staff.
The alarms of empty confirmation state indicates that these
alarms have not been treated. Conversely, the alarms of
confirmation state indicates that these alarms have been
confirmed by identified network users. ZP provides two methods
of confirmation, that is manual confirmation and automatic
confirmation.
Alarm Dump
Historical alarms can be dumped into the files via alarm dump.
The dumped alarm data will be deleted so as to release database
space to ensure stable and efficient network operation. ZP can
monthly backup alarm information.
Alarm Notice
Users can obtain the alarms notification of ZP system via multiple
ways, including voice, image, SMS and email.
 voice alarm:ZP offers different voices for different alarms. It
will give out corresponding prompt tone when receiving
corresponding level alarms.
 image alarm:there are many alarm icons of different colors
below the client interface. The icons number will be changed
and shine when receiving corresponding alarms.

17
 SMS alarm:it supports sending SMS alarms to the specified
telephone number by setting SMS gateway or SMS
transmitting equipment.
 email alarm:it supports sending the email alarm to the
specified address by setting email service information.

3.3 Performance Management

ZP provides real-time performance monitoring and performance


statistics function, checking management equipment's running
state or statistics in real time. It helps users to know current
network operation state and basic properties so as to avoid
network fault with reasonable planning.
Real-time monitoring
In ZP network management system, it supports to display some
performance data (port traffic, CPU utilization, etc.) in real time
through the graphical interface. It commonly adopts the line chart
to display, performing the calculation of maximum, minimum,
average at the same time. For the convenience of comparison,
you can also select multiple ports or multiple data item for
synchronous monitoring .
monitor projects of real-time monitoring mainly include access
port traffic, bit error rate, packet loss rate, CPU usage and
memory usage.
Performance statistics
ZP provides checking real-time performance data. Besides, ZP
also provides custom monitoring items and collects monitoring
time from background data. After a period of time, it can generate
various types of patterns or forms through checking data
structure by statistical browse.
When it is performing statistics, you can also set corresponding
threshold and alarm information. as soon as the statistical value
breaks through the threshold value, it will send a user-defined

18
alarm information.
Performance report
For the convenience of scanning statistical result briefly, ZP
provides setting report option. When generating report switch for
statistics item, statistics items will generate corresponding report
documents by three levels of days, weeks and months,facilitating
user to query.

3.4 Safety Management

The purpose of safety management is to prevent the illegal user


login system and ban the legitimate user illegally obtaining
management skills. ZP provides a powerful security management
functions to ensure network securityvia grouping management,
device view, access controland log management.
Grouping management
ZP network management system performs batch-management
on user through setting user group and appointing corresponding
group permission.
user type:there are three user types in ZP, that is administrator,
maintenance crew and viewer.Administrator owns the highest
permission, and viewer only possesses checking permission in
part of the network management. Maintenance crew has a
certain capacity on device management.
user group:In view of the three user types, ZP configure 4 types
of default user group, that is admin, guest, operator and user.
Besides, admin is administrator, guest is viewer, operator and
user are maintenance crews. In the process of using, it supports
to add new user group according to the actual demand. All users
should be in a certain user group.
group permissions:There are 11 items of network operations in
NGNBView system. Different group is distributed different
permission. Every user in the user group owns default permission

19
of this group, supporting to modify the user permission inferior to
group permission, but not supporting to modify the user
permission beyond group permission.
Device view
After controlling different permission of user in network
management, it also has to manage different local area network
or the equipment. Therefore, ZP provides the function of setting
device view. Making the user has the management function in
different local area network equipment by setting different
devices gather and giving this gather to different users. The user
can only manage its corresponding device in devices view.

Access control
ZP can set the IP address of specificuser login, providing
allows-setting and prohibitions-setting. Administrator can set it
according to the requirements so as to ensure the network
security and prevent unsafe address accessing to the server,
thus to further improve network security.
During operation, the administrator can view the online users to
check if there are illegal user login, and kicking the illegal user out
of the system via broadcast system.
When using network management, you can manually locked
network management to minimize the network client
automatically. In order to prevent others performing illegal
operation when user leave the table, only after inputting
password could network client be recover.
Log management
ZP provides query function to check security log and
configuration log.
Security log, records the users operation on the network
management system. such as the record of login, changing
passwords, etc.
Configuration log, records the users operation on the

20
management equipment. Itcan be used to trace some unsuitable
equipment operation.

3.5 Topology Management

Topology management displays equipment information and


equipment state with the form of graphic layout, and it can
automatically or manually create ligature or organization structure
in device. ZP provides three types of topology view and terminal
equipment state. The equipment in topology view displays
different colors or tags according to the current equipmentstate or
the alarms.

Subnet view
Physical view is the device organization chart displaying with
subnet form. It organizes device by subnet in the interface, and it
can be paged to show if there are numbers of subnet device.
Topology View
ZP supports to set up various types of topology view, for example,
the campus network view made up by multiple switch devices,
the PON network view made up by PON equipment and its ONU.
Users can create, modify and delete the view via view
manipulation, manually adding single or multiple devices to the
view, setting the view layout scheme and size, etc.
ZP can automatically query the ligature in the equipment and
equipment state according to relevant information. Moreover, ZP
supports manual adding or deleting to modify the ligature.
As to single view with big size, ZP provides aerial view to check
the view detail through the floating select box in the aerial view.
Geographical view
ZP can generate geographical structural view by using device's
geographical information, group displaying devices via the
equipment corresponding address.

21
Terminal equipment list
ZP network can only indirect control the terminal equipment via
its management device. Therefore, ZP provides listway to display
terminal equipment, including the equipment of ONU, ONT,
2000B, etc. Interface displays various types information of
terminal equipment, such as address, interface, distance, etc. It
also provides a querying interface for terminal equipment.

22
4. Performance Index and Standard

It is mainly about the performance index of ZP network


management system and management ability of ZP network
management system. Moreover, it introduces the standards and
protocols of ZP network management system.
 performance index
 Standards and protocols

23
4.1 Performance Index

It is mainly about various performance value of ZP network


management system, including booting /shutting time, concurrent
client, alarm, log capacity, processing capacity and so on.
Performance index table
performance index of ZPnetwork management system is shown
in table 4-1
Item index
booting time of network <1min
shutting time of network <10s
concurrence client ≥100
current alarm storage capacity 10w
history alarm storage capacity ≥6 months
log storage capacity ≥6months
user numbercapacity 3000
user group number capacity 1000
permission group capacity 1000
administrative viewscapacity 3000
alarm responding time delay <3s
 record number≤10000:2s
 10000 < record
alarm querying time delay
number≤100000:8s
 100000≤record number:20s
alarm handlingcapacity ≥100item/s
performance responding time delay <3s
 record number≤10000:2s
 10000 < record
performance querying time delay
number≤100000:8s
 100000≤record number:20s
statistical object of maximum
10000
performance
Figure 4-1 performance index table

Network packet loss rate and network performance


Network packet loss rate will lead to a decline in network
performance and low success distribution rate in network service
 packet loss rate<10%, there will be no dramatic decline in
success distribution rate of network service.
 10% < network packet loss rate < 15%, there will be a
dramatic decline in success distribution rate of network
service.

24
 15%<network packet loss rate, network performance will fall
sharply, and a massive service distribution failure will
happen.
Bandwidth requirements of “server-client ”
Bandwidth in the communication between server and client
usually should be above 128 kbit/s. Bandwidth in the
communication between server and client side = 192 kbit/s x
number of clients.
For instance:if a certain ZPnetwork management server needs to
communicate with 10 clients, then bandwidth in the
communication between server and client should not be less than
1.92 Mbit/s.
bandwidth requirements of “server-northbound interface”
 bandwidth requirements between server and SNMP
northbound interface should not be less than 128kbit/s.
 bandwidth requirements between server and Webservice
northbound interface should not be less than 128kbit/s.

4.2 Standards and Protocols

Standards and protocols which ZP network management


system(NMS) adopted are as follow:
 The interface which connected to the device supports the
RFC standard of SNMP、MIB-II and so forth.
 support RFC Telnet/TCP/IP standard
 support IETE RFC1901-1908 standard

25
5. AppendixA:Abbreviation

ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line


AIS Alarm Indication Signal
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BER Bit Error Rate
CATV Cable Television
CORBA Common Object Requst Broker Architecture
DCN Data Communication Network
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
EMS Element Management System
EPON Ethernet Passive Optical Network
GPON Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Network
GUI Graphical User Interface
IP Internet Protocol
IPTV Internet Protocol Television
ITU-T International Telecommunication
Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector
LCD Loss Cell delineation
LOF Loss Of Frame
LOS Loss Of Signal
LVDS Low Voltage Defferential Signal
MAC Media Access Control
MGC Media Gateway Controllor
MODEM MOdulator-DEModulator
MSAN Multi-Service Access Network
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
MTTR Mean Time To Recovery
OLT Optical Line Terminal
ONT Optical Network Terminal
ONU Optical Network Unit
OS Operating System
PC Personal Computer
PM Performance Monitor
PON Passive Optical Network
RDI Remote Defect Indication
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
TCP Transport Control Protocol
TL1 Transaction Language 1
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
VDSL Very high data rate Digital Subscriber Line
VLAN Virtual Local Area Network
VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol
WS Work Station

26