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Child Labour in Pakistan

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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………………….…………… 3

WHAT IS CHILD LABOUR? 3

CHILD LABOUR IN PAKISTAN ………………….………….……………………………… 4

STATISTICS 4

CAUSES 4

EFFECTS 5

LAW 5

CONCLUSION ………………………………….………………………………………………… 7

SUGGESTION …………………………………..………………………………………………… 7

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INTRODUCTION
(WHAT IS CHILD LABOR ?)

Child labor is one of the most common problems in the world. Today Pakistan is
facing a lot of social problems like child labor, poverty, corruption, illiteracy, population
growth, terrorism etc which are destroying our society.

WHAT IS CHILD LABOR?


Any child under the age specified by law worldwide works full time, mentally or
physically to earn for own survival or adding to family income, that interrupts child's social
development and education is called "child labor".

“Child Labor" purely accounts when child is forced to work under slavery, poverty,
parentless or social or parent's boycott.

Child Labor is dangerous and unhealthy work done by children ages 4-15 in order to
support their families and provide themselves with basic household needs. This intends to
be a common thing in developing countries.

According to United Nations International Children Emergency Funds (UNICEF) there


is estimated 158 million children aged 5 to 14 in child labor worldwide.

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CHILD LABOR IN PAKISTAN
(STATISTICS, CAUSES, EFFECTS & LAW)

STATISTICS
During the last year, the Federal Bureau of Statistics released the results of its
survey. The findings are given below:

Total Child Population: 40 million

Child Labor: 3.8 million (age group 5-14)


Age Group: 50% 5 to 9
50% 10 to 14

Agriculture Sector: 2.7 million out of 3.8 million

Others: Factories, Beggars etc

CAUSES
Poverty: According to Federal Bureau of Statistics 33% of our
country’s total population is leading life below the
poverty-line, in which the people are deprived of basic
necessities of life like clothing, shelter, food, education
and medication, the children of these people will be
forced to become Laborers or workers in order to
survive.

Ignorance & Lack of Education: Mostly the people of Pakistan are uneducated and
don’t know the importance of education.

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Backward Areas: Class-based education system is another reason for
increasing child labor as a result; child labor is increase
in rural areas.

Population: The increase in population also affects the child labor.


For example; a small family can easily manage there
needs.

Law: The government has not put its laws into practice to
stop child labor in our country that’s why child labor is
increasing day by day.

Effects
 Child labor deprives a child of a proper childhood. He suffers physical and mental
torture.

 They become mentally and physically mature too fast which is a dangerous sign.

 Child labor creates and perpetuates poverty.

 Ultimately this leads to child labor with each generation of poor children
undercutting wages.

Law of Child Labor


 Pakistan passed laws greatly limiting child labor and indentured servitude—but those laws
are universally ignored, and some 3.2 million children, aged five to fourteen, keep that
country's factories operating, often working in brutal and squalid conditions.

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CHILD LABOR IN PAKISTAN
(STATISTICS, CAUSES, EFFECTS & LAW)

 The Employment of Children Act 1991 prohibits the employment of children in certain
occupations and regulates their conditions of work. No child is allowed to work over-time or
during the night.

 In Pakistan, a "child" is defined as a person younger than fifteen. The legal minimum age for
employment is 14 for shops and commerce, industry, and work at sea, and 15 for mines and
on railways. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan prohibits slavery, forced
labor, the trafficking in human beings, and employment of children below the age of 14
years in any factory or mine or any hazardous employment.

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CONCLUSION & SUGGESTIONS

CONCLUSION
The children are working as a labor in school going age for the survival of there
families and to full fill the basic necessities. People don’t know the importance of education.
That’s why most of children remain illiterate. It is not just responsibility of government we
are also responsible for that.

SUGGESTIONS
 Awareness must be raised and parents should pay attention to the education of their
children.

 Child Labor Laws should be strictly put into practice. If we want success then we
have to act upon these principles and then our country can easily get rid of this
problem.

 We should to distribute the education free of cost, give flame to the candle of
education and distribute the light of knowledge among the people.

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