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AUTOMATED MANUFACTURING JIG & FIXTURE DESIGNS

All fixture design drawings must be submitted by the due date regardless of the amount of completion; these can be handed in as electronic versions only; however printed copies which are folded correctly (not rolled up) will be handed in as part of the final project. At this point the machining and clamping force calculations, preliminary sketches, jig/fixture costs, catalog pages of your components must be deposited in your files on the network. Some of your final prototype parts must also be handed in at this point.

At the front of this report section you must have an introduction that explains to the reader what a Jig and Fixture is, their general types, explain the design process and your use of a CAD software and Carr Lane components. Also before each of your fixture designs describe how this tool is used in the manufacture of your parts(s). The Carr Lane Fixture Handbook will be useful for much of this information. Also summarize your tooling costs in this introduction.

Before starting your Jig and Fixture designs be sure your part model(s) are complete and the process sheets for that part are finished. Show me when you have put the process documentation to bed.

Before any AutoCAD, Inventor or SolidWorks Jig and Fixture drawings are started be sure free hand sketches have been completed showing your intended design and have been signed off by me.

Make sure you know what paper size and drawing scales you are going to use before starting your CAD drawings, if using AutoCad. Always draw Jigs and Fixtures full size if you can and pay particular attention to dimension sizes and tolerances and dimensions follow correct drafting standards and plot line weights are correct. You may complete your tooling designs with AutoDesk products or Solid Works. Detail drawings must be completed for any components you have to machine. Note all detail drawings should have material, heat treatment etc noted. You must also produce a complete set of assembly drawings, including but not limited to, BOM, isometric and orthographic views.

Also show where you part zeros will be if using the fixture on a CNC machine, and detail how this zero location will be picked up/set at the machine.

Use Carr-Lane/Jergens tooling components where you can. Show all components in BOM on the drawing together with material type and heat treatment required on any non standard parts.

Always follow these rules when starting your designs:

Draw the part first, then locators and rest buttons, then your clamping components and lastly the Jig or Fixture base or frame. The part should always be an outline only (phantom line style normally), showing no real detail, and plotted with a red pen.

If you do your designs through a solid package make sure that you have correct detail and assembly drawings created showing all aspects of you design correctly, not just an exploded or assembly view.

Check all tooling and holders that you will be using during machining for clearance around and over the fixture, excessive overhang should be avoided and watch the cutting directions, so that your cutting forces are directed against your location devices.

Make sure CNC fixtures show program X, Y and Z zero locations and the method of setting on the CNC machine. Check that fixture can be located and clamped correctly to the machine table. Conventional milling fixtures must have setting blocks for cutting tool alignment.

If your fixture is going to be used on a CNC machine with a Rotary table pay special attention to the type of table and fixture base you will be using and especially where the CNC zeros will be located. Tool and holder clearances and tool extension from their holders are of the utmost importance when designing these types of fixtures.

When working in groups, work together on the initial designs and sketches so that various ideas and methods are employed before deciding on a final design. The final CAD drawings for each Jig or Fixture must be assigned to one person only.

Hand in your part drawings and part models with your fixtures.

You must also hand in a completed Excel spreadsheet of your costing up to this point, i.e. material, standard components, casting prices, labor costs and jig/fixture costs.

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