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General Part cc

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Rules and Regu lations 270 I

2.13 FlightPlan and Clearance


2.13.1 FlightPlans (ICAO Annex 2)
2.13.1.1 Submission of a FlightPlan
Information relative to an intended flight or portion of a flight, to be provided to air traffic services units, shall
be inthe form ofa flight plan.
Aflight plan shall be submitted priorto operating:
a) any flight orportion thereof to beprovided with air traffic control service;
b) anyIFRflightwithin advisory airspace;
c) any flight within or into designated areas, or along designated routes, when so required by the
appropriate ATS authority to facilitate the provision of flight information, alerting and search and
rescue services;
d) any flight within or into designated areas, or along designated routes, when so required by the
appropriate ATS authority to facilitate coordination with appropriate military units or with air traffic
services units in adjacentStates in order to avoidthe possible need for interception for the purpose of
identification;

e) any flight acrossinternational borders.

Note: The term "flight plan" is used to mean variously, full information on all items comprised inthe

flight plan description, covering the whole route ofa flight, or limited information required when

the purpose isto obtain aclearancefora minor portion of a flight such as to cross an airway, to

take offfrom , or to land at acontrolled aerodrome.

A flight plan shall be submitted, before departure, to an air traffic services reporting office or, during flight,
transmitted tothe appropriate airtraffic services unit orair-groundcontrol radio station, unlessarrangements
havebeen madeforsubmission of repetitive flight plans.
Unless otherwise prescribed bythe appropriate ATS authority, a flig ht plan for a flightto be provided with air
traffic control service or air traffic advisory service shall be submitted at least 60min before departure, or, if
submitted during flight, at a time which will ensure its receipt by the appropriate air traffic services unit at
least 10min before the aircraft is estimated to reach:
a) the intended point of entry into a control area oradvisory area; or
b) the point of crossing an airway oradvisory route.

2.13.1.2 Contents of a FlightPlan


A flight plan shall comprise information regarding such of the following items as are considered relevant by
theappropriate ATS authority:
a) aircraftidentification
b) flight rules and type offlight
c) number andtype(s) of aircraft and wake turbu lence category

d) equipment

e) departure aerodrome (Nole1)

f) estimated off-block time (Nole2)

g) cruising speed(s)

h) cruising level(s)

i) route to be followed

j) destination aerodrome andtotal estimated elapsed time

k) alternate aerodrome(s)

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I) fuel endurance
m) total number of persons on board
n) emergencyandsurvival equipment
0) other information.

Note 1: For flight plans submitted during flight, the information provided in respect ofthis item will be an
indication of the location from which supplementary information concerning the flight may be
obtained, if required.
Note 2: For flight plans submitted during flight, the information to be provided in respect of this item will
be the time over the first point of the route to which theflight plan relates.
Note 3: Theterm "aerodrome" where used in the flight plan is intended to cover also sitesother than
aerodromes which may be used by certain types of aircraft, e.g. helicopters or balloons.

2.13.1 .3 Completion of a FlightPlan


Whatever the purpose for which it is submitted, a flight plan shall contain information, as applicable, on
relevant items up to and including "Alternate aerodrom e(s)" regarding the whole route or the portion thereof
for which the flight plan issubmitted.
It shall, in addition, contain information, as applicable, on all other items when so prescribed by the
appropriateATS authority orwhen otherwise deemed necessary by the person submitting the flight plan.
2.13.1.4 Changes to a FlightPlan
Subject to the provisions listed under "Deviations From the Current Flight Plan" (Note 1), all changes to a flight
plan submitted for an IFRflight, or a VFR flight operated as a controlled flight, shall be reported as soon as
practicable tothe appropriateairtraffic services unit. For other VFRflights , significant changes to a flight plan
shall be reported as soon as practicableto the appropriate airtraffic services unit.
Note 1: Refer to:

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Note 2: Information submitted priorto departure regarding fuel enduranceor total numberof persons
carried on board, if incorrect at timeof departure, constitutes a significantchange tothe flight
plan and as such must be reported.

2.13.1.5 Closing a FlightPlan


Unless otherwise prescribed bythe appropriate ATS authority, a report of arrival shall be made in person, by
radiotelephony or via data link at the earliest possible moment after landing, to the appropriate air traffic
services unit at the arrival aerodrome, by any flight for which a flight plan has been submitted covering the
entireflight or the remaining portion of a flight tothe destination aerodrome.
When a flight plan has been submitted onlyin respect of a portion ofa flight, other than the remaining portion
of a flight to destination, it shall, when required, be closed byanappropriate report to the relevant airtraffic
services unit.
When no air traffic services unit exists at the arrival aerodrome, the arrival report, when required, shall be
made as soon as practicable after landing and by the quickest means available to the nearest air traffic
services unit.
When communication facilities at the arrival aerodrome are known to be inadequate and alternate
arrangements for thehandling of arrival reports on the ground are not available, the following action shall be
taken. Immediately prior to landing the aircraft shall, if practicable, transmit to the appropriate air traffic
services unit, a message comparable to an arrival report, where such a report is required. Normally, this
transmission shall be made to the aeronautical station serving the air traffic services unit in charge of the
flight information region inwhich the aircraft is operated.
Arrival reports made byaircraftshall contain the following elements of information:
a) aircraft identification;
b) departure aerodrome;

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c) destination aerodrome (only inthe case of a diversionarylanding);
d) arrival aerodrome;
e) time ofarrival.
Note: Whenever an arrival report is required, failure tocomply withthese provisions maycauseserious
disruption in the airtraffic servicesandincurgreatexpense in carrying outunnecessary search
and rescue operations.

2.13.1.6Adherenceto Current FlightPlan


1)Except as provid ed for in 4), an aircraft shall adhereto thecurrent flight plan orthe applicable portion of a
current flight plan for a controlled flight within the tolerances defined in paragraphs 1.1) to 2) unless a
request for a change has been made and clearance obtained from the appropriate air traHic control unit, or
unless an emergency situation arises which necessitates immediate action bythe aircraft, in which event as
soon as circumstances permit, after such emergency authority is exercised, the appropriate air traffic
services unit shall be notified of the action taken and that this action has been taken under emergency
authority.
1.1 ) Unless otherwise authorized by the appropriate ATS authority, or directed by the appropriate air traffic
control unit, controlled flights shall, in sofaraspracticable:
a) when on an established ATS route, operate along the defined centre line ofthat route;or
b) when on any otherroute, operate directlybetween the navigation facilities and/or points defining that
route.
1.2) Subject to the overriding requirement in 1.1), an aircraft operating along an ATS route segment defined
byreference to very high frequency omnidirectional radio ranges shall change over for its primary navigation
guidance from the facilitybehind the aircraft to that ahead of it at, oras close as operationallyfeasible to,the
changeover point, where established.
1.3) Deviation from the requi rements in 1.1)shall be notified to the appropriate air traffic services unit.
2) Deviations from the current flight plan. In the event that a controlled flight deviates from its current
flight plan, the following action shallbe taken:
a) Deviation from track: if the aircraftis offtrack, action shall be taken forthwith to adjust the heading of
the aircraft to regaintrack as soon as practicable.
b) Deviation from ATC assigned Mach number/indicated airspeed: the appropriate airtraffic servicesunit
shall be informed immediately.
c) Deviation from Mach number/true airspeed: if the sustained Mach number/true airspeed at cruising
level varies by plus or minus Mach 0.02 or more, or plus or minus 19km/h (10KD true airspeed or
more from thecurrent flight plan, theappropriate air traffic services unit shall be so informed.
d) Change in time estimate: except where ADS-C is activated and serviceable in airspace where ADS-C
services are provided, if the time estimate for the next applicable reporting point, flight information
reg ion boundary or destination aerodrome, whichever comes first, changes in excess of 2 minutes
from that previously notified to air traffic services, orsuch other period of time asis prescribed bythe
appropriate ATS authority or on the basis of regional air navigation agreem ents, the flight crew shall
notify theappropriate air traffic services unit as soon as possible.
2.1) When ADS-C services are provided and ADS-Cis activated, the airtraffic services unit shall be informed
automatically viadata linkwhenever changes occur beyond the threshold values stipulated bythe ADS event
contract.
3) Change Requests. Requests for current flight plan changes shall include information as indicated
hereunder:

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a) Change of cruisinglevel:
aircraft identification;
req uested new cru ising leveland cruising Mach number/true airspeed at this level;
revised time estimates (when applicable) at subsequent reporting points orflightinformation
region boundaries.
b) Change of Mach number/true airspeed:
aircraft identification;
requested Mach number/true airspeed.
c) Change of route:
Destinationunchanged:
- aircraft identification;

- flight rules;

- description of new route of flight includingrelated flightplan data beginning with the position

from whichrequested change of route is tocommence;

- revised time estimates;

- any other pertinent information.

Destinationcl7anged:
- aircraft identification;

- flight rules;

- description of revised route of flight to revised destination aerodrome including related flig ht

plan data, beginning with the position from which requested change ofrouteis tocommence;

- revised time estimates;

- alternateaerodrome(s);

- any other pertinent information.

4) Weatherdeterioration below the VMC. When it becomes evident thatflight inVMC in accordance with its
current flight plan will not be practicable,a VFR flight operated as acontrolled flightshall:
a) request an amended clearance enabling the aircraft to continue in VMC to destination or to an
alternative aerodrome, orto leave the airspace within which an ATC clearance is required; or
b) if no clearance in accordance with a) can be obtained, continue to operate in VMC and notify the
appropriateATCunit of the action being taken either to leave theairspace concerned or to land at the
nearest suitableaerodrome; or
c) if operated within a control zone, request authorization tooperate as a special VFR flight; or
d) request clearance to operate in accordance with the instrument flight rules.

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2.13.2 FlightPlan (ICAO Doc 4444)
2.13.2.1 FlightPlan Form
a A flight plan form should be provided and should be used byoperators and air traffic services units forthe

purposeof completing flight plans.

a Note: Adifferent formmay be provided foruse incompl eting repetitiveflight plan listings.
a The flight plan form should be printed and should include an Englishtext in addition to the language(s) of the

State concerned.

a Operators and airtraffic services units should comply with:


a a) the instructions for completion oftheflight plan formand the repetitiveflight plan listing form; and
a b) anyconstraintsidentified in relevant Aeronautical Information Publications (AlPs).
al Note: Failure to adhere tothe provisions of the flight plan form orany constraint identified in relevant
AlPs may result in databeing rejected, processed incorrectly or lost.
a An operatorshall, prior to departure:
a a) ensure that, where the flight is intended to operate on a route or in an area where a navigation
specification is prescribed, it has an appropriate RNP approval, and that allconditions applying to that
approval will be satisfied;
a b) ensure that, where operation in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) airspace is planned, it
has the required RVSM approval;
a c) ensurethat, wheretheflight isintended to operate where an RCP specification is prescribed, it has an
appropriate approval, and thatallconditions applying to that approval will be satisfied; and
a d) ensurethat, wheretheflight is intendedto operate wherean RSP specification is prescribed, it has an
appropriate RSP approval, and that all conditions applying tothat approval willbe satisfied.

2.13.2.2 Submission of a Flight Plan


a Prior to Departure
a Flight plans shall not be submitted morethan 120 hours before' the estimated off-block time ofaflight.
a Except when other arrangements have been made for submission of repetitive flight plans, a flight plan
submitted prior to departure should be submitted to the air traffic services reporting office at the departure
aerodrome. If no such unit exists at the departure aerodrome, the flight plan should be submitted to the unit
serving ordesignated toserve the departure aerodrome.
a In the event of a delay of 30min in excess of the estimated off-block time for a controlled flight ora delayof
one hour for an uncontrolled flight for which a flight plan has been submitted, the flight plan should be
amended ora new flight plan submitted and theold flight plan cancelled, whichever isapplicable.
a During Flight
a Aflight plan to be submitted during flight should normally be transmitted to the ATS unit incharge of the FIR,
control area, advisory area or advisory route in or on which the aircraft is flying, or in or through which the
aircraft wishes to fly or to the aeronautical telecommunication station serving the air traffic services unit
concerned. When this is not practicable, it should be transmitted to another ATS unit or aeronautical
telecommunication station for retransmission asrequired tothe appropriate air trafficservices unit.
a Where relevant, such as in respect of ATC units serving high- or medium-density airspace, the appropriate
ATS authority should prescribe conditions and/or limitations with respect to the submission of flight plans
during flight toATC units.
a Note: If the flight plan issubmitted forthe purpose of obtaining air traffic control service, theaircraft is
required to wait foran air traffic control clearance priorto proceeding under theconditions
requiringcompliance with air traffic control procedures. If theflight plan is submittedfor the
purpose of obtaining airtraffic advisory service,the aircraft is requiredto wait for
acknowledgment ofreceipt bythe unit providing the service.

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2.13.2.3 Acceptance of a FlightPlan
a The first ATS unitreceiving a flight plan, orchange thereto, shall:
a a) check it for compliance withthe format and data conventions;
a b) check it forcompleteness and, to the extent possible, foraccuracy;
a c) take action, if necessary, to make it acceptable totheairtraffic services; and
a d) indicate acceptance ofthe flight plan orchange thereto, tothe originator.

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2.13.2.4 ICAO Model FlightPlan Form

FLIGHT PLAN

PLAN DEVOL

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2.13.2.5 Instructions Forthe Completion of the FlightPlan Form

General

Adhereclosely to the prescribed formats and manner of specifying data.

Commence inserting data in the first space provided. Where excess space is available, leave unused spaces

blank.

Insertallclock times in 4 figures UTe.

Insert all estimated elapsed times in4 figures (hours and minutes).

Shaded area preceding Item 3 - to be completed by ATS and COM services, unless the responsibility for

originating flight plan messages has been delegated.

Instructions for Insertion of ATS Data

CompleteItems 7 to 18as indicated hereunder.

Complete also Item 19 as indicated hereunder, when so required by the appropriate ATS authority or when

otherwise deemed necessary.

Note 1: Item numbers onthe form are not consecutive, asthey correspond to Field Typenumbers inATS
messages.
Note 2: Airtraffic services data systems may impose comm un ications or processing constraints on
information infiled flight plans. Possible constraints may, for example, be limits with regard to
item length, number of elements in the route itemortotal flight plan length. Significant
constraints are docu mented in the relevant Aeronautical Information Publication.

l item 7.:..Alrcraft Identification (Maximum 7 Charact~rs)


Insert one of the following aircraft identifications, not exceeding 7 alphanumeric characters and without
hyphens orsymbols:
a) the ICAOdesignatorfor the aircraft operating agency followed bytheflight identification;
Examples: KLM511, NGA213, JTR25
when in radiotelephony the call sign to be used by the aircraft will consist of the ICAO telephony
designator for the operating agency followed by the flight identification.
Examples: KLM511, NIGERIA213, JESTER25; or
b) the nationality orcommon mark and registration mark of the aircraft;
Examples: EIAKO, 4XBCD, N2567GA, when:
in radio telephony the call sign to be used by the aircraft will consist ofthis identification alone;
Example: CGAJS
or preceded bythe ICAOtelephony designator fortheaircraft operating agency;
Example: BLIZZARDCGAJS
theaircraft is not equipped with rad io.

Item8: FlightRules and Type of Flight(One or TwoCharacters)


FlightRules

Insert one of the following letters to denotethe category of flight rules with which the pilot intends to comply:

I if it is intended that the entireflight will be operated under the IFR


V if it is intended thatthe entire flight will be operated under the VFR
y if the flight initially will be operated unde r the IFR, followed byone or more subsequent changes
of flight rules, or
z if the flight initially will be operated under theVFR, followed by one ormoresubsequent changes
offlight rules

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Specify in Item 15 the pointor points atwhichachange of flight rules is planned.
Type of Flight
Insert one of the following letters to denote the type of flight when so required by the appropriate ATS
authority:
S if schedu led airservice
N if non-scheduled air transport operation
G if general aviation
M if military
X if other than any of the defined categories above.

Specify status of a flight following the indicator STS in Item 18, or when necessary to denote other reasons
forspecific handling by ATS, indicate the reason following the indicator RMKin Item 18.
l item 9: Number and Type of AircraftWake Turbulence Category
Number of Aircraft(1 or 2 Characters)

Insert the number of aircraft, if morethan one.

Type of Aircraft(2to 4 Characters)

Insert theappropriatedesignator as specified in ICAO Doc 8643, Aircraft Type Designators, or

if nosuch designator has been assigned, orin case of formation flights comprising morethan one type,

insert ZZZZ, and specify in Item 18, the (numbers and) type(s) of aircraftpreceded byTYP/ .

WakeTurbulence Category (1 Character)

Insert an oblique stroke followed by oneof the following letters to indicate the wake turbulence category of
the aircraft:
J SUPER (A380 -800);
H HEAVY, to indicate an aircraft type witha maximum certificated take-off mass of 136000kg or
more;
MEDIUM, to indicatean aircraft type witha maximum certificated take-off mass of less than
M 136000kg butmore than 7000kg;
L LIGHT, to indicatean aircraft type witha maximumcertificated take-off mass of 7000kg orless.
,
I2.12.4.1 Wake Turbulence Categones (WTC) of Aircraft
=> IRules and Regulations' General Information

l item 10: Equipment and Capabilities --I


Capabilities comprise the following elements:
a) presence of relevant serviceable equipmenton board theaircraft
b) equipment and capabilities commensuratewith flight crew qualifications; and
c) where applicable, authorization from the appropriate authority.
Radiocommunication, Navigation and Approach AidEquipment and Capabilities
Insert one letter as follows:
if noCOM/NAVlapproach aid equipment forthe rou te to be flown is carried , ortheequ ipment is
N
unserviceable,or
if standard COM/NAVlapproach aid equipment for the route to be flown iscarried and
S serviceable. INoie 1)

and/or insert one or more of the following letters to indicate the serviceable COM/NAVlapproach aid
equipment and capabilities available:

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A GBAS landing system K MLS
B LPV (APV with SBAS) L ILS
C LORANC M1 ATC SATVOICE(INMARSAT)
0 DM E M2 ATCSATVOICE(MTSAT)
E1 FMCWPR ACARS M3 ATCSATVOICE(Iridium)
E2 D-FISACARS 0 VOR
E3 PDCACARS P1 CPDLC RCP 400 INol' 7)

F ADF P2 CPD LCRCP 240 (Not, 7)


G GNSS. If any portion of the flightis P3 SATVOICERCP400(Nol' n
planned to beconductedunder IFR, it
refers to GNSS receivers that comply with
therequirements of Annex 10, Volume I
(Nole 2)

H HF RTF P4-P9 Reserved for RCP


I Inertial Navigation R PBNapproved INote 4)
al J1 CPDLC ATN VDLMode 2 (ATNB1) (Not, 31 T TACAN
J2 CPDLC FANS1/A HFDL U UH F RTF
J3 CPDLC FANS1/A VDL Mode A V VHF RTF
J4 CPDLC FANS1/A VDL Mode 2 W RVSM approved
J5 CPDLC FANS 1/ASATCOM (IN MARSAT) X HLA / MNPS approved
J6 CPDLC FANS 1/ASATCO M(MTSAT) Y VHFwith 8.33KHz channel spacing
capability
J7 CPDLC FANS1/ASATCO M(Iridium) Z Other equipment carried or other
capabilities(Nolo5)
Anyalphanumeric characters not indicatedabove are reserved.

Note 1: If the letter Sis used, standard equipment is considered to beVHFRTF, VOR and ILS, unless
anothercombination is prescribed bytheappropriate ATS authority.
Note 2: If theletter Gis used, the types of external GNSSaugmentation, if any, are specified in Item 18
followingtheindicator NAVI and separated with a space.
Note 3: See RTCAIEUROCAEInteroperability Requirements Standard for ATN Baseline 1 (ATN B1
INTEROPStandard- DO-280B/ED-11OB) for data linkservices air traffic control clearance and
information/airtraffic control communicationsmanagement/air traffic control microphone check.
Note 4: If the letter Ris used, theperformance based navigation levels that can bemet are specified in
Item 18 following the indicator PBN/.
Note 5: If the letter Z is used, specity in Item 18the otherequipment carried or other capabilities,
preceded byCOM/, NAVI and/orDAT/, asappropriate.
Note 6: Information onnavigation capability is provided to ATC forclearance androuting purposes.
Note 7: Guidance material on the application of performance-based communication, which prescribes
RCP to an air traffic servicein a specific area, is contained in thePerformance-based
Communicationand Surveillance (PBCS) Manual (ICAO Doc 9869).

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Surveillance Equipment andCapabilities
Insert:
N if no surveillance equipment for the routeto be flown is carried, orthe equipment is
unserviceable,
orinsertone or moreofthefollowing descriptors, to a maximum of 20characters, to describe the
serviceable surveillanceequipmentand/orcapabilities on board:
SSR Modes A and C
A Transponder - Mode A(4digits - 4096 codes)
C Transponder - Mode A(4digits - 4096 codes) andMode C
SSR Mode S
E Transponder - Mode S, including aircraft identification, pressure-allilude andextended squitter
(ADS-B) capability
H Transponder - Mode S, including aircraft identification, pressure-altitudeand enhanced
surveillancecapability
I Transponder- Mod eS, including aircraft identification, but no pressure-altitude capability
L Transponder - Mode S, includingaircraftidentification, pressure-allilude,extended squitter
(ADS-B) and enhanced surveillance capability
p Transponder - Mode S, including pressure-altitude, but noaircraftidentification capability
S Transponder - Mode S, includi ng both pressurealliludeand aircraft ide ntification capability
X Transponder - Mode S, with neitheraircraft identification nor pressure-altitudecapability
Note: Enhanced surveillance capability is the ability of the aircraft to downlink aircraft derived data via a
ModeStransponder.
ADS-B
B1 ADS-Bwith dedicated 1090 MHz ADS-B "out" capability
B2 ADS-B with dedicated 1090 MHz ADS-B"out" and "in" capability
U1 ADS-B "out" capabilityusing UAT
U2 ADS-B "out" and "in" capability usingUAT
V1 ADS-B "out" capability using VDL Mode 4
V2 ADS-B"out" and "in" capabilityVDL Mode 4

ADS-C with FANS 1/Acapabilities


ADS-Cwith ATN capabilities

Alphanumeric characters not indicated above are reserved.


Example:ADE3RVlHB2U2V2G1
Note 1: TheRSP specification(s), if applicable, will be listed in Item 18followingtheindicator SUR/.
Guidancematerial on theapplication of performance-based surveillance, whichprescribes RSP
to an air traffic service in a specific area,is contained in thePerformance-based Communication
and Surveillance (PBCS) Manual (Doc 9869).
Note 2: Additional surveillance equipment orcapabilities will be listed in Item 18followingthe indicator
SUR/, asrequired by the appropriateATS authority.
Item13:Departure Aerodrome andTime (8 Characters)

Insert the ICAOfour-letter location indicator of the departure aerodrome as specified in Doc 7910, Location
Indicators, or

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if nolocation indicatorhas been assigned,

insert ZZZZ and specify, in Item 18, the name and location of theaerodrome preceded byDEP/ , or

the first point of the route or the marker radio beacon preceded by DEP/... , if the aircraft has not taken off

from the aerodrome, or

if the flight plan is received from an aircraft in flight,

insert AFIL, and specify, in Item 18, the ICAO four-letter location indicator ofthe location of the ATS unit from

which supplementary flight plan data can be obtained, preceded byDEP/ .

Then,without aspace,

insert fora flight plan submitted before departure, the Estimated Off-B lock Time(EOBT), or

fora flight plan received from an aircraft in flight, the actual or estimated time over the first point of the route

towhichthe flight plan applies.

l item15:Route

Insert thefirst cruising speed asin (a) and the first cruising level as in (b), without a space between them.

Then, followingthearrow, insert the route description as in (c).

(a)Cruising Speed (Maximum 5 Characters)

Insert the trueairspeed for the first orthe whole cruising portion of the flight, in terms of:

K Kilometres per hour, expressed asKfollowed by4 figures (e.g. K0830), or


N Knots,expressed asNfollowed by 4 figures (e .g. N0485), or
True Mach num ber, when so prescribed by the appropriateATSauthority,tothe nearest
M hundredth of unitMach, expressed as Mfollowed by3 figures (e.g. MOB2).
(b)Crusing Level (Maximum 5 Characters)

Insert theplanned cruising levelfor the firstorthe wholeportion of the route to be flown, in terms of:

F Flight level, expressed asFfollowed by3 figures (e.g. FOB5; F330), or


Standard metric level (Nole) intens of metres, expressed asSfollowed by 4 figures (e.g. S1130),
S
or
A Altitude in hundreds of feet, expressed as Afollowed by3 figures (e.g. A045; A100), or
M Altitude in tens of metres, expressed as Mfollowed by4 figures (e.g. MOB40), or
VFR for uncontrolled VFR flights, the letters VFR.
Note: When soprescribed by the appropriateATSauthorities
(c)Route (Including Changes of Speed, Level, and/or FlightRules)
Flights Along Designated ATS Routes
If the departure aerodrome is located on or connected to the ATS route, insert the designator of the first ATS
route, or
if the departure aerodrome is not on or connected to the ATS route, the letters DCT followed bythe point of
joining the first ATSroute, followed bythedesignator of the ATS route.
Then insert each point at which either a change of speed and/ or level is planned to commence, or a change
ofATS route, and/or achange offlight rules is planned.
Note: When a transition is planned between a lower and upper ATSroute and the routes are oriented
inthesame direction, the point of transition need not to be inserted.
Followed in each case:

bythedesignatorof the next ATS route segment, even if the same asthe previous one, or

Sheet 1227089
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Rules and Regulations 310
by DCT, if the flight to the next point will be outside a designated route, unless both points are defined by
geographical coordinates.
Flights Outside Designated ATS Routes
• Insert points normallynot more than 30min flying time or 370km (200NM) apart, including each point
atwhich achange of speed or level, a change oftrack ora change of flight rules is planned, or
• when required by appropriate ATS authority:
Definethe track offlights operating predominantlyin an east-west direction between 70N and
70S by reference tosignificant points formed bythe intersections of half orwholedegrees of
latitude with meridians spaced at intervals of 10degrees of longitude.
For flights operating inareas outside those latitudes the tracks shall be defined bysignificant
points formed bythe intersection of parallelsof latitude with meridiansnormallyspaced at 20
degrees of longitude. The distance between significant points shall, asfaras possible, not
exceed one hour's flighttime. Additionalsignificant points shall be established asdeemed
necessary.
For flights operatingpredominantly in a north-south direction, define tracks by reference to
significant points formed by the intersection ofwholedegrees of longitude with specified
parallelsof latitude which are spaced at 5 degrees.
• Insert DCT between successive points unless both points are defined bygeographical coordinatesor
bybearing anddistance.
• Use only the conventions in (1) to (5) belowand separateeach sub-item bya space.

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20-APR-2017
~ I 320 I Rules and Regulations
(1)
Thecoded designator assigned to the route or route segment including, where
ATS Route
appropriate, the coded designatorassigned to thestandard departureorarrival route.
(2 to 7
Example: BCN1, B1, R14, UB10, KODAP2A)
Characters)

(2)
Thecoded designator(2 to 5 characters) assigned to the point.
Significant Point
Example: LN, MAY, HADDYj, or
(2 to 11
if no coded designator has been assigned, oneof the following ways:
Characters)
• Degrees only(7characters):
2 figures describing latitude in degrees, followed by "N" (North) or "S"
(South), followed by3 figures describing longitude indegrees, followed by"E"
(East) or "W" (West). Make up the correct number of figures, where
necessary, by insertion of zeros.
Example: 46N078W.
• Degrees and minutes (11 characters):
4 figures describing latitude in degrees and tens and units of minutes
followed by "N" (North) or "S" (South), followed by 5 figures describing
longitude in degrees and tens and units of minutes, followed by "E" (East) or
"W" (West). Make up the correct number of figures, where necessary, by
insertion ofzeros.
Example: 4620N07805W.
• Bearing anddistance from a significant point:
The identification of the reference point, followed by the bearing from the
point in the form of 3 figures giving degrees magnetic, followed by the
distance from the point in the form of 3 figures expressing nautical miles. In
areas of high latitude where it is determined by the appropriate authoritythat
reference to degrees magnetic is impractical, degrees true may be used.
Make up the correct number of figures, where necessary, by insertion of
zeros.
Example: A point 1800 magnetic at a distance of 40NM from VOR "DUB"
should be expressed as DUB180040.

(3)
The point atwhich a change of speed (5% TASor0.01 Mach ormore) ora change of
Change of Speed
level is planned to commence, expressed exactlyas in (2) above, followed by an
or Level
oblique stroke and both the cruising speed and thecruising level, expressed exactly
(MAX 21
as in (a) and (b) above, without a space between them, even when only one of these
Characters) quantities will be changed.
Examples:
LN/N0284A045
MAY/N0305F180
HADDY/N0420F330
4602N07805W/N0500F350
46N078W/M082F330
DUB 180040/N0350M0840

(4)
The point atwhich thechange offlight rules is planned, expressed exactly asin (2) or
Change of Flight
(3) above asappropriate, followed bya space and one ofthe following:
Rules
VFR if from IFR toVFR
(MAX 3
IFR if fromVFR to IFR
Characters)
Examples:
LNVFR
LN/N0284A050 lFR

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(5) The letter Cfollowed byan obliquestroke; then the pointat which cruise climb is
Cruise Climb planned to start, expressed exactly asin (2) above, followed by an oblique stroke;
(MAX 28 then thespeed to be maintained during cruise climb, expressed exactlyasin (a)
Characters) above,followed by the two levels defining the layer to be occupied during cruise
climb, each level expressed exactly asin (b)above, orthe level above which cru ise
climb is planned followed by the letters PLUS, without aspace between them.
Examples:
C/4BN050W/MOB2F290F350
C/4BN050W/MOB2F290PLUS
C/52N050W/M220F5BOF620

Item16:Destination Aerodrome and Total Estimated Elapsed Time, Destination Alternate


Aerodrome(s)

Destination Aerodrome and Total EstimatedElapsedTime (8Characters)


Insert the ICAOfour-letter location indicator of the destination aerodrome asspecified in Doc 791 0, Location

Indicators, or

if nolocation indicator has been assigned, insert ZZZZ and specify in Item 1B the name and location of the

aerodrome, preceded by DESTI .

Then, withouta space, insert the total estimated elapsed time.


Note: For a flight plan received froman aircraft in flight, the total estimated elapsed time is the

estimated time from the first point of the route to which the flightplan applies tothe termination

point ofthe flight plan.

Destination AlternateAerodrome(s)
Insert the ICAO four-letter location indicator(s) of not more than two destination alternate aerodromes, as

specified in Doc 791 0, Location Indicators, separated by a space, or

if no location indicator has been assigned to the destination alternate aerodrome(s), insert ZZZZ and specify

in Item 1B, the name and the location of thedestination alternate aerodrome(s), preceded byALTN/.

l item 18:Other Information


I
Note: Use of indicators not included under this item may result in data being rejected, processed

incorrectly or losl.

Hyphens oroblique strokes shouldonly be used as prescribed below.


Insert 0 (zero) if no other information, or any other necessary information in the sequence shown hereunder,

in the form of the appropriate indicator selected from those defined hereunder followed by an oblique stroke

and the information to be recorded:

Indicator Reason for Special Handling byATS


ALTRV fora flightoperated in accordance with an altitude reservation
for a flight approved for exemption from ATFM measures by the
ATFMX
appropriateATSauthority
FFR fire-fighting
FLTCK flightcheck forcalibration of NAVAIDs
STSI HAZMAT for a flightcarrying hazardous material
HEAD a flight with Head of State status
HDSP fora medical flight declared by med ical authorities
HUM fora flight on a humanitarian mission
for a flight for which a military entity assumes responsibilityfor
MARSA separation of military aircraft

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I 322 I Rules and Regulations
Indicator Reason for Special Handling by AIS
MEDEVAC for a life critical medical emergency evacuation
NO NRVSM for a non-RVSMcapableflight intending to operate in RVSM airspace
SIS/
SAR fora flight engaged in a search and rescue mission
STATE for a flight engaged in military, customs or police services
(reason for special otherreasons for special handling by ATS
RMKI handling byATS)

RNAV and/or RNP Capabilities


Indication of RNAV and/or RNP capabilities. Include asmany of the descriptors below, as apply to the flight,
up to a maximum of 8 entries, i.e. a total of not more than 16characters.
Indicator Descriptor Specifications

RNAVSpecifications

A1
RNAV 10 (RNP10)

B1
RNAV 5 all permitted sensors
B2 RNAV 5 GNSS

B3
RNAV 5 DMEIDME

B4
RNAV 5 VORIDME

B5
RNAV 5 INSorIRS

B6
RNAV 5 LORANC

C1
RNAV 2 all permitted sensors
C2 RNAV 2 GNSS

C3
RNAV 2 DMEIDME

C4
RNAV2 DMElDMElIRU

D1
RNAV 1 all permitted sensors
PBN/
D2 RNAV 1 GNSS

D3
RNAV 1 DMEIDME

D4
RNAV 1 DMElDMElIRU

RNP Specifications

L1
RNP4

01
Basic RNP1 all permitted sensors
02 Basic RNP 1 GNSS

03
Basic RNP 1 DMEIDME

04
Basic RNP1 DMElDMElIRU
S1 RNPAPCH

S2
RNP APCH with BARO-VNAV
T1 RNP AR APCHwith RF(special authorization required)
T2 RNP AR APCH without RF(special authorization required)

Combinationsofalphanumeric characters not indicated above are reserved.

Sheet 1227091
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General Part Q
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Rules and Regulations I 323 I
Indicator Description
Significant data related to navigation equipment, other than specified in PBN/, as
requ ired by the appropriate ATS authority. Indicate GNSS augmentation under this
NAV/ indicator, with a space between twoor more methods ofaugmentation.
Example: NAVlGBAS SBAS
COMI Indicate communications equipment and capabilities not specified in Item 10a).
DATI Indicate data communication equipment and capabilities not specified in Item 10a).
Indicate surveillance applications orcapabilities not specified in Item 10 b). Indicate
SURI as many RSP specification(s) asapplyto the flight, using designator(s) withnospace.
MultipleRSP specifications are separated bya space. Example: RSP180 RSP400 .
Name and location of departure aerodrome, if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 13, orthe ATS
unit from which supplementary flight plan data can be obtained, if AFIL is inserted in
Item 13. For aerodromes not listed inthe relevant Aeronautical Information
Publication, indicate location asfollows:
With 4 figures describing latitude in degrees and tens and units of minutes followed
by"N" (North) or "S" (South), followed by5 figures describing longitude in degrees
andtens and units of minutes, followed by"E" (East) or "W" (West) . Make upthe
correct number offigures, where necessary, by insertion ofzeros.
Example: 4620N07805W (11 characters).
or, bearing and distance from the nearest significant point, asfollows:
DEPI
The identification ofthe significant pointfollowed bythe bearing from the point inthe
form of 3 figures givingdegrees magnetic, followed bythe distance from the point in
the form of 3 figures expressing nautical miles. Inareas ofhigh latitude where it is
determined bythe appropriate authority that reference to degrees magnetic is
impractical, degrees true may be used. Make upthe correct number of figures,
where necessary, byinsertion of zeros.
Example: A point of 1800 magnetic ata distance of40NM from VOR DUB should be
expressed asDUB180040.
or, the firstpointofthe route (name or LAT/LONG) orthe marker radio beacon, if the
aircrafthas not taken offfroman aerodrome.
Name and location of destination aerodrome, if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 16. For
DESTI aerodromes not listed in the relevant AlP, indicate location in LAT/LONG or bearing
and distance from the nearest significant point, asdescribed under DEPI above.
The date of flight departure ina sixfigure format (YYMMDD, where YY equals the
DOFI year, MM equalsthe month and DD equals the day).

REGI The nationality or common mark and registration mark ofthe aircraft, if different from
the aircraft identification in Item 7.
Significant points or FIR boundary designators and accumulated estimated elapsed
times from take-offto such points or FIR boundaries, when so prescribed on the
EEl! basis of regional air navigation agreements, or bytheappropriate ATS authority.
Examples: EET/CAP0745 XYZ0830; EET/EINN0204
SEU SELCAL code, for aircraft if soequipped.
Type(s) ofaircraft, preceded if necessary without a space bynumber(s) of aircraft and
TYPI separated byone space, if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 9.
Example: TYP/2F15 5F5 3B2
Aircraft address (expressed in the form ofan alphanumerical code of sixhexadecimal
characters) when required byappropriate ATS authority.
CODEf
Example: F00001 is the lowest aircraft address contained inthe specific block
administered by ICAO.

Sheet 1227092

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!
a:: General Part
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I 324 I Rules and Regulations
Indicator Description
En-route delay or holding, insert thesignificant point(s) on the routewhere a delay is
planned to occur, followed by the length of delay using four figuretime in hours and
DLEI minutes (HHMM).
Example: DLElMDGDD3D
IACO designator or nam eof theaircraft operating agency, if different fromtheaircraft
OPRI
identification in Item 7.
The originator's 8 letter AFTN address or other appropriate contact details, in cases
where theoriginator ofthe flight plan may not be readily identified, asrequ ired bythe
ORGNI appropriateATSauthority.
Note: Insome areas, fligh t plan reception centers may insertthe ORGN I identifier and
originator's AFTN address automatically.
Aircraftperformance data, indicated byasingle letter as specified in ICAO PANS-O PS,
PERI Doc 8168, Vol I, if soprescribed by the appropriateATSauthority.
Name of destination alternateaerodrome(s), if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 16. For
ALTNI aerodromes not listed in therelevant AlP, ind icate location LAT/LONGorbearing and
distance from nearest significant point, as described in DEPI above.
ICAOfour letterindicator(s) for en-route alternate(s), asspecified in Doc 7910,
Location Indicators, or name(s) of en-routealternate aerodrome(s), if no indicator is
RALTI allocated. Foraerodromes not listed in the relevant AlP, indicate location in LAT/LONG
or bearing and distance from thenearest significant point, as described in DEPI
above.
ICAO four letter indicator(s) for take-offalternate, asspecified in Doc 7910, Location
Indicators, orname of take-offalternate aerodrome, if no ind icator is allocated. For
TALTI
aerodromes not listed in the relevan t AlP, indicate location in LAT/LONG or bearing
and distance from the nearest sig nificant point, as described in DEPI above.
The route details to the revised destination aerodrome, followed bythe ICAO four-
letter location indicator of theaerodrome. The revised routeis subject to reclearance
RIFI inflight.
Examples: RIF/DTA HECKlAX; RIF/ESP G94CLA YPPH
Anyother plain-language remarks when requ ired by the appropriateATSauthorityor
RMKf deemed necessary.

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Item19: Supplementary Information

Designator InsertI Cross out


Endurance
EI Insert a 4-figure groupgiving the fuel endurancein hours and minutes.

Persons onBoard

Insert the total number of persons (passengers and crew) on board, when

required by theappropriateATSauthority.

PI
InsertTBN (to be notified) if the total number of persons isnot known at the
time of filing.
Emergency and Survival Equipment
Cross out Uif UHFon frequency 243.000MHz is not available.
RI
Cross out Vif VHF on frequency 121 .500MHz is notavailable.
(Rad io)
Cross out Eif EmergencyLocator Transmitter (ELT) is not available.
Cross out all indicators if survival equipment is not carried .
Cross outPif polarsurvival equipment is not carried.
SI
Cross out Dif desert survival equipment is not carried.
(Survival Equipment)

Cross out M if maritime survival equipment is not carried.

Cross out J if jungle survival equipment is not carried.

Cross outall indicators if lifejackets are not carried.

Cross out L if lifejackets are not equipped with lights.

JI
(Jackets) Cross out Fif lifejackets are not equipped withfluorescein.
Cross outUorVor both asin RIabove to indicate radiocapability of jackets, if
any.
01 (Dinghies) Cross out indicators Dand Cif no dinghies are carried, orinsert number of
(Number) dinghies carried; and

(Capacity)
Insert total capacity, in persons, of all dinghies carried; and

(Cover)
Cross out indicator Cif dinghies are not covered; and

(Colour)
Insert colour ofdinghies if carried.

AI

(Aircraft Colour and


Insert colour ofaircraft and significant markings.

Markings)

NI Cross out indicator Nif no remarks, or indicate any other survival equipment
(Remarks) carried and any other remarks regarding survival equipment.
CI
Insertname of pilot-in-command.
(Pilot)
Filed By
Insert the name of the unit, agency, or person filing the flight plan.

Acceptance of the FlightPlan

Indicateacceptance of theflight plan inthe manner prescribed bythe appropriate ATSauthority.

Instructions for Insertion of COM Data

Items to be completed:

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c:e
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20-APR-2017
I 340 I Rules and Regulations
Complete the top twoshaded lines of the form, and complete the third shaded line only when necessary, in
accordance with the provisions in PANS-ATM, unless ATS prescribes otherwise.

Sheet 1227093