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VENDOR LITERATURE

Table of Contents

Vendor Literature Vendor Number SP Number


Omsi Transfer Case Operation and Maintenance PFT-PCV/3000 97001052
Omsi Transfer Case Parts Manual 10810078-03 -03/06/12 97001058
Roots/Dresser Tri-Lobe Installation & Operation Manual ILRB-3007 rev.1010 97001054
Pace Hyd. Pressure Washer Safety & Trouble Shooting 97000981

Roots/Dresser 1021 DVJ Installation, Operation &


ILRB-3006 0810 97001055
Maintenance

800.837.9711 ● www.superproductscorp.com
OPERATION & MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TRANSFER CASE

Model: PFT-PCV/3000

Drive: Disconnect (standard)

OMSI Part Number: 10810078-03

SUPER PRODUCTS Part Number: 7000-00199

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

INDEX

1.0 APPLICATION

2.0 DESCRIPTION
2.1 General description
2.2 Auxiliary hydraulic drive output
2.3 Unit weight
2.4 Identification plate

3.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


3.1 Main drive
3.2 Power take-off outputs

4.0 SHIPPING, HANDLING AND STORAGE


4.1 Shipping and packing
4.2 Packing
4.3 Handling
4.4 Storage

5.0 INSTALLATION
5.1 Drive system design
5.2 Pneumatic control system
5.3 Remote oil reservoir / level indicator

6.0 INITIAL OPERATION


6.1 Oil specifications
6.2 Oil capacity
6.3 Initial oil fill
6.4 Initial start-up

7.0 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION


7.1 Oil level inspection
7.2 Oil change
7.3 Maintenance intervals

8.0 MAINTENANCE INTERVALS

9.0 TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST

10.0 WARRANTY

11.0 SERVICE

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

1.0 APPLICATION
The PFT-PCV/3000 Transfer Case is used in sewer cleaning combination machines and vacuum
loaders.

2.0 DESCRIPTION

2.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION


The PFT-PCV/3000 Transfer Case is used to effectively divert the power of the engine to the
machine’s main and auxiliary systems.
This Transfer Case is part of a family of modularly designed options that can be selected to
assemble the specific group for your particular drive system application.

2.2 AUXILIARY HYDRAULIC DRIVE OUTPUT


The PFT-PCV/3000 Transfer Case incorporates an intermediate drive output for the installation of
various types of hydraulic pumps for the auxiliary systems of the machine.

2.3 UNIT WEIGHT


The nominal weight of the transfer case is 540 lbs (without oil).

2.4 IDENTIFICATION PLATE


The ID plate is located at the rearlower of the Transfer Case.

OMSI TRANSMISSIONS, INC.


MODEL PFT-PCV/3000
PART NO. 10810078-03
SERIAL NO. 1201234A
DRIVE RATIO 1:1

3.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

3.1 MAIN DRIVE


The main drive shall be engaged and disengaged with the vehicle on a stationary position. It is
controlled by a pneumatic double-acting shifter that allows the power diversion from the truck
transmission into the rear axle drive or PTO outputs.
The shifter incorporates a by-pass mechanism that can be used in case of loss of air pressure or
pneumatic system failure.
The double-acting shifter provides a safety system that maintains its position under load even in
the event of pressure loss in the system. The cylinder is provided with an electric switch giving a
signal when the PTO is completely engaged; this switch must be connected to the machine’s
safety system, in order to reduce the risk of PTO’s misuse.

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

3.2 TRANSFER CASE OUTPUTS


The Transfer Case outputs are automatically connected when the main drive to the rear axle is
disengaged.

4.0 SHIPPING, HANDLING AND STORAGE

4.1 SHIPPING
The Transfer Case is shipped without oil. Follow the instructions from the identification plate with
regards to the amount and type of oil to be used.
The Transfer Case is painted with a red or black anti-rust primer base. Upon special
requirements, the units may be painted to customer specifications.
The exposed machined components, as flanges and shafts are covered with an anti-corrosion
lubricant. These parts will be protected for regular ambient dry conditions for approximately 2
months.
The internal components of the transfer case is also covered with an anti corrosion lubricant
which it will provide protection up to start up if maintained in a dry environment.

4.2 PACKING
The Transfer Case is shipped packed in boxed pallets. It is secured to the pallets by heavy duty
strapping and covered by a plastic enclosure that protects the assembly during transport.
During the unpacking process, be extremely careful and use caution with the use of various
cutters, levers and other sharp or pointed tools.

4.3 HANDLING
Trained personnel must perform the movement and handling of the units. Always use adequate
equipment for lifting and moving of the components with relation to the weight see point 2.4
and packing method.
The packages of the Transfer Case shall never be tilted or turned around during transport and
handling.
Upon receiving, inspect the packages for damages and check the units against the shipping
documents.
The handling of the units for final installation must be done with the proper lifting equipment, as
lifting eye provided with the unit, chains and cranes. WARNING: Use only a lifting eye with
M18x1.5 thread with the proper load capabilities. The handling of the units must be
smooth and safe.

4.4 STORAGE
Whenever the Transfer Case is required to be stored for a period over two months, the external
components as drive flanges, pump flanges, shafts, adapters, machined mounting surfaces, must
be covered with an oil base protection lubricant.
NOTE: Store Transfer Case in a dry environment at a constant temperature whenever possible.
The internal components of the Transfer Case are designed to minimize corrosion build up. In
addition, all components are greased and lubricated at assembly. Although, when the Transfer
Case is stored for a period of over twelve months, the oil seals, clutch operation and rotating
components must be checked carefully before use.

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

5.0 INSTALLATION

5.1 DRIVE SYSTEM DESIGN

The Transfer Case must be positioned within the vehicle’s chassis to conform with proper drive
train design.
To maximize the lubrication of the internal components, we recommend that the Transfer Case is
installed straight in an upright position. Avoid lateral inclination when possible. If your
application requires that the unit be positioned at a lateral incline, please consult our Engineering
Department.
The inclination of the Transfer Case front-to-rear must be designed to suit the drive line
operating angles. Do not exceed 5° rear incline.

5.2 PNEUMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM

In order to optimize the pneumatic control system and extend the life of its components, we
recommend the installation of an air drier and oil lubricator in the air supply system.

5.3 REMOTE OIL RESERVOIR / LEVEL INDICATOR


We highly recommend the installation of the optional remote oil reservoir / level indicator to
facilitate oil level inspection and re-filling when required.
The oil reservoir / level indicator can be mounted at the outside of the chassis rails. The operator
has the full view of the oil level in the Transfer Case through the large sight eye of the remote
reservoir.

6.0 INITIAL OPERATION

6.1 OIL SPECIFICATION

DU TY CONTINUOUS
R EC O MME ND ED LU BRI C A T I O N
C YC LE TIME ON-THE-JOB
Direct / Mechanical Driven Units: SAE-80W-90
MODERATE 2 – 4 hours
PowerClutch Driven Units: DEXRON VI
Direct / Mechanical Driven Units: Synthetic 75W-
H EA V Y 4 – 6 hours 90 API MT-1/GL-5EP
PowerClutch Driven Units: TranSynd or
equivalent TES 295 specs
Direct / Mechanical Driven Units: Synthetic 75W-
90 API MT-1/GL-5EP and Heat Exchanger /
S EVER E + 6 hours Cooling System
PowerClutch Driven Units: TranSynd or
equivalent TES 295 specs and Heat Exchanger /
Cooling System

NOTE: It is always recommended to monitor the drive system and heat generation around the
drive components, as there are many factors (ie: ambient temperature, system loading and
efficiency of machine) that affect and condition the operational temperature of the Transfer Case.

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

6.2 OIL CAPACITY

The approximate capacity of oil is ~ 11 quarts.

6.3 INITIAL OIL FILL


The Transfer Case is shipped without oil. Before the unit is placed in operation, fill to the proper
level with the recommended type of oil. The oil used must be perfectly clean and free
contamination.
Mixing oils and/or using other types of oils will drastically affect the operation and performance of
the unit and it will void the warranty.
The initial oil fill must be performed as follows: A) Pour approximately 1/2 quart of oil in the
disconnect housing. The oil will seek its own level and any additional oil will be automatically
drained into the main housing of the Transfer Case. B) Fill the Transfer Case housing until the
proper amount of oil is shown at the oil level sight eye.

6.4 INITIAL START-UP


Engage the Transfer Case and run for ~ 5 minutes at idle speed.Shut off engine, allow the oil to
set after covering all internal surfaces, and inspect the oil level through the sight eye. Add more
oil as necessary in order to fill the entire plumbing of the lubrication system.

Lifting eye
Positioning
sensor Speed
sensor port

By pass

Disconnect
shifter

Odometer
Oil drain sensor port
plug Pneumatic
cylinder

Shifter
by pass
mechanism

OMSI TRANSMISSIONS, INC.

Oil level
TYPE PFT-PCV/3000

PART.N 10810---
SERIAL N 00/00-0000

RATIO -:-

OIL TYPE: SAE 80W90


Transmissions, Inc.

sight eye

I.D. plate Oil drain plug

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

7.0 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION


IMPORTANT: Before performing any maintenance and inspection of the Transfer Case
and drive system components, you must shut off the vehicle, remove the keys from
ignition and secure them. Engage the parking brake and chuck truck wheels. Be sure
that the ground and surrounding areas are clear and safe.

7.1 OIL LEVEL INSPECTION


The oil level can be visually checked through the sight glass located at the rear-lower portion of the Transfer
Case housing or through the sight glass of the optional remote oil reservoir / level indicator mounted at the
outside of the chassis rails.
The oil level must be inspected weekly and/or before and after a long travel / severe work condition.
The oil level inspection must be performed with the truck shut off and on level ground. For best
results, the oil must be cold when inspecting its level.
If the oil level is below the center point of the sight glass, re-fill immediately to the proper level.

7.2 OIL CHANGE


When replacing the oil, be sure to drain the old oil completely.
Use only the recommended type of oil. Mixing oils will drastically affect the lubrication and life of
components.

The oil must be replaced after the first 100 hours of operation.
Oil changes must be done when the oil is still relatively warm following safety procedures in order
to avoid burns and injury. The oil can be drained by removing the drain plug. To accelerate the
draining process, it is recommended to also remove the fill plug.
Always clean the magnetic drain plug before reinstalling it.
Subsequent oil changes are recommended at intervals of 500 hours and/or 12 months, whichever
comes first.

WARNING:
USE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT WHEN HANDLING HOT OIL. AVOID INJURIES!
DISPOSAL OF OLD OIL MUST BE DONE FOLLOWING YOUR LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL
REGULATIONS.
DO NOT POLLUTE THE ENVIRONMENT!

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

8.0 MAINTENANCE INTERVALS

INTERVAL OPERATION
Inspect air system for leaks. Be sure that there is at least 110 PSI to
operate shifter controls.
DAILY
During the first week of operation, the oil level and filter indicator must be
checked on a daily basis.
Inspect oil level.
MONTHLY Check PTO surrounding areas for interference and clearance of structure
and plumbing.
Inspect all mounting hardware and re-torque as necessary to proper
specifications.
BI-YEARLY Inspect oil seals and check for any sign of oil throughout the body of the
PTO.
Inspect entire Transfer Case housing and seals for leaks.
Change oil (every 12 months or 500 hours of operation, whichever comes
YEARLY first).
Inspect entire Transfer Case housing and seals for leaks.

9.0 TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST


This troubleshooting checklist was designed for quick reference of potential subjects affecting the
operation of the Transfer Case.
If your actual condition cannot be found on the following list, please contact our Service
Department immediately.

CONDITION PROBABLE CAUSE REMEDY


Leakage at seals, drain Inspect Transfer Case and repair as
Excessive use of oil.
plug. required.
Inspect the angularity of drive
Excessive drive shaft shafts and re-position drive
Severe vibration and angles. components to allow correct drive
loud noise coming out of line specifications.
drive shafts.
Re-install drive shafts with proper
Drive shafts out of face.
joint facing.
Check air system and be sure to
Main drive does not Insufficient air pressure at
provide at least 110 PSI to the
engage / disengage. shifter.
shifter ports.
Check air system and be sure to
Disconnect drive does Insufficient air pressure at
provide at least 110 PSI to the
not engage / disengage. shifter.
shifter ports.

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
Operation & Maintenance Manual
PFT-PCV/3000 - DISCONNECT DRIVE

10.0 WARRANTY
OMSI Transmissions, Inc., hereinafter called OTI, warrants its products from defects and faulty
workmanship for a period of 12 (twelve) months from the date of acceptance by the purchaser.
Date of acceptance shall be defined as the time that the products are received by the purchaser.
Acceptance of the products shall imply agreement to the terms and conditions of this warranty.
In order for the warranty to take effect, it shall be evident and proven to OTI that its products
were subject to normal use and adequate maintenance. OTI reserves the right to request the
unit/s and/or component/s to be returned, freight pre-paid, for analysis before proceeding with any
Warranty Claim. The purchaser shall be responsible for payment of the replaced components until
the evaluation and analysis are completed by OTI and it is determined that warranty applies.
This warranty will not cover failures caused by operating the product in excess of its design and
specifications, abuse, insufficient and/or lack of maintenance, alterations and modifications to the
product as supplied by OTI.
Any components replaced during the period of the warranty will be warranted only during the
period of the initial warranty, and no extensions shall be made, unless in writing by OTI in addition
to the provision of the terms of the original warranty.
This warranty does not provide allowances for freight, travel time and labor. OTI’s liability under
this warranty is limited to the repair and/or replacement, at its discretion, of its products. OTI shall
not be held liable for losses, damages, and other charges incurred by the user as a result of
product failure.
OTI reserves the right to make design changes and modifications to its products specifications
without inferring that previous designs and specifications were not fit for the applications intended
for at the time. OTI shall not be obligated to perform retrofits and/or modifications to products
manufactured prior to the incorporation of the new design and specifications.
This shall be the only warranty in effect, and no one shall be authorized to supersede or modify the
terms and provisions within, except in writing by OTI. There are no other warranties applicable,
expressed or implied, including warranties of fitness or merchantability for a particular purpose or
use.

11.0 SERVICE
We at OMSI Transmissions, Inc. are committed to service and customer support. You’ll have our
assurance that in the event of a problem situation, you will be able to count on our intervention to
help determine the reason, while providing with the necessary and prompt means to correct the
condition and get you and / or your customer back in business.

We strongly believe that our quality products have to be matched with a quality service support.

9319 Ravenna Road • Twinsburg, Ohio 44087 U.S.A.


Telephone: 330-405-7350 • Fax: 330-405-7351
E-mail: OMSI@omsitransmissions.com • Web: www.omsitransmissions.com
1

PARTS MANUAL

TRANSFER CASE

Model: PFT-PCV/3000

SUPER PRODUCTS Part Number: 7000-00199


SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 1
PFT-PCV/3000
General Ordering Information
Rev. 00 Tav. 0.0

ALWAYS PROVIDE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION FOUND ON THE SERIAL


NUMBER PLATE OF EVERY UNIT:

OMSI TRANSMISSIONS, INC.


1 MODEL XXXX
1. UNIT PART NUMBER
PART NO. XXXX
2. UNIT SERIAL NUMBER SERIAL NO. XXXX
2
DRIVE RATIO XXXX

ALL OMSI PRODUCTS INCORPORATE A NAME PLATE FOR PROPER IDENTIFICATION.

10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 2
PFT-PCV/3000
Housing – 1:1 ratio
Rev. 01 Tav. 01-2

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03084 Eye, lifting 1 21 7310-03102 Washer, lock 10
2 7310-03085 Plug 2 22 7310-03103 Screw, M18x45 10
3 7310-03081 Washer, copper 9 23
4 7310-03086 Plug, magnetic 1 24
5 7310-03087 Screw, set 4 25
6 7310-03082 Plug, drain 1 26
7 7310-03088 Washer, copper 1 27
8 7310-03089 Plug 1 28
9 7310-03090 Plug 4 29
10 7310-03091 Housing, 1:1 ratio 1 30
11 7310-03092 Plug, freeze 1 31
12 7310-03093 Plug 1 32
13 7310-03094 Adapter 1 33
14 7310-03095 Plug, breather 1 34
15 7310-03096 Washer, copper 1 35
16 7310-03097 Plug 1 36
17 7310-03098 Conveyer, oil 1 37
18 7310-03099 Nut 2 38
19 7310-03100 Washer, conical 2 39
20 7310-03101 Screw, M6x20 2 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 3
PFT-PCV/3000
Input drive – 1:1 ratio
Rev. 00 Tav. 02-8

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03104 Nut, lock 2 21 7310-03124 Shaft, output 1
2 7310-03105 Spacer 2 22 7310-03125 Bearing, needle cage 2
3 7310-03106 Screw, M10x25 12 23 7310-03126 Shaft, input 1
4 7310-03107 Cover, support 2 24
5 7310-03108 Seal, oil 2 25
6 7310-03109 Bearing, roller 2 26
7 7310-03110 Flange, support 1 27
8 7310-03111 O’Ring 1 28
9 7310-03112 Screw, M10x30 2 29
10 7310-03113 Screw, M10x35 7 30
11 7310-03114 Washer, lock 7 31
12 7310-03115 Ring, elastic 1 32
13 7310-03116 Bushing, spacer 1 33
14 7310-03117 Bearing, roller 2 34
15 7310-03118 Ring, internal 1 35
16 7310-03119 Gear 1 36
17 7310-03120 Ring, engagement 1 37
18 7310-03121 Bearing, roller 1 38
19 7310-03122 Ring, sensor 1 39
20 7310-03123 Ring, spacer 1 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 4
PFT-PCV/3000
Shifter control – Input drive
Rev. 02 Tav. 03-3

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03127 Screw, M8x50 4 21 7310-03147 Nut, lock 1
2 7310-03128 Seal, wiper 1 22 7310-03148 Housing, cylinder 1
3 7310-03129 O’Ring 4 23 7310-03149 Screw, M8x45 4
4 7310-03130 Housing, shaft support 1 24 7310-03150 Washer, conical 2
5 7310-03131 Switch 1 25 7310-03151 Plug, breather (not shown) 2
6 7310-03132 Cover, wiring protection 1 26
7 7310-03133 O’Ring 2 27
8 7310-03134 Shaft, shift control 1 28
9 7310-03135 Screw, M12x21,5 1 29
10 7310-03136 Washer, copper 1 30
11 7310-03137 Spring 1 31
12 7310-03138 Ball, 3/8” 2 32
13 7310-03139 Screw, M8x47 2 33
14 7310-03140 Nut, lock 2 34
15 7310-03141 Fork, engagement 1 35
16 7310-03142 O’Ring 1 36
17 7310-03143 Ring, guide 1 37
18 7310-03144 O’Ring 2 38
19 7310-03145 O’Ring 1 39
20 7310-03146 Piston, cylinder 1 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 5
PFT-PCV/3000
Intermediate drive – 1:1 ratio
Rev. 00 Tav. 04-1

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03152 Shim, 0.1 mm 1 21
2 7310-03153 Shim, 0.2 mm 1 22
3 7310-03154 Shim, 0.3 mm 1 23
4 7310-03155 Shim, 0.5 mm 1 24
5 7310-03156 Bearing, roller 2 25
6 7310-03157 Shaft 1 26
7 7310-03158 Gear 1 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 6
PFT-PCV/3000
Output drive – 1:1 ratio
Rev. 01 Tav. 05-11

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03159 Nut, lock 1 21 7310-03169 Gear 1
2 7310-03160 Spacer 1 22 7310-03205 Dowel, M10x12 1
3 7310-03171 Ring, elastic 1 23 7310-03206 O’Ring 1
4 7310-03190 O’Ring 1 24 7310-03155 Shim, 0.5 mm 1
5 7310-03191 Cover, support 1 25 7310-03154 Shim, 0.3 mm 1
6 7310-03192 Pin, cylindrical 1 26 7310-03153 Shim, 0.2 mm 1
7 7310-03162 Seal, oil 1 27 7310-03152 Shim, 0.1 mm 1
8 7310-03193 Ring, spacer 1 28 7310-03172 Flange, support 1
9 7310-03194 Bearing, roller 1 29 7310-03114 Washer, lock 9
10 7310-03195 Shaft 1 30 7310-03113 Screw, M10x35 9
11 7310-03196 Ring, elastic 1 31 7310-03101 Screw, M6x20 2
12 7310-03197 Seal, oil 1 32 7310-03173 Conveyer, oil 1
13 7310-03198 Bearing, needle 1 33 7310-03100 Washer, conical 2
14 7310-03199 Ring, engagement 1 34 7310-03099 Nut, lock 2
15 7310-03200 Ring, spacer 1 35 7310-03174 Ring, spacer 1
16 7310-03201 Hub 1 36
17 7310-03202 Pin, split 1 37
18 7310-03203 O’Ring 1 38
19 7310-03156 Bearing, roller 2 39
20 7310-03204 Shaft 1 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 7
PFT-PCV/3000
Housing - disconnect
Rev. 00 Tav. 06-1

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03207 Housing 1 21
2 7310-03208 Plug, breather 1 22
3 7310-03209 Washer, copper 2 23
4 7310-03093 Plug, breather 1 24
5 7310-03210 Pin, cylindrical 1 25
6 7310-03211 Screw, M10x35 7 26
7 7310-03212 Plug, magnetic 1 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 8
PFT-PCV/3000
Shifter control – disconnect drive
Rev. 00 Tav. 07-3

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03213 Seal, wiper 1 21 7310-03228 Screw, M8x27 1
2 7310-03214 O’Ring 1 22 7310-03151 Plug, breather (not shown) 2
3 7310-03215 Housing, cylinder 1 23
4 7310-03216 Screw, M8x40 4 24
5 7310-03217 Piston, shifter 1 25
6 7310-03218 O’Ring 1 26
7 7310-03219 O’Ring 2 27
8 7310-03220 Ring 1 28
9 7310-03221 O’Ring 2 29
10 7310-03222 O’Ring 1 30
11 7310-03138 Ball 3/8” 2 31
12 7310-03137 Spring 1 32
13 7310-03223 Washer, copper 1 33
14 7310-03224 Screw, M12x14 1 34
15 7310-03225 Pin 1 35
16 7310-03131 Switch 1 36
17 7310-03132 Cover, wiring protection 1 37
18 7310-03226 Stem 1 38
19 7310-03227 Fork, engagement 1 39
20 7310-03140 Nut, lock 1 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
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FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 9
PFT-PCV/3000
Flange – input / output shaft
Rev. 02 Tav. 09-1

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03180 SAE-1600/1800 drive flange 2 21
2 7310-03229 SAE-1810 flange yoke (n.s.) 2 22
3 7310-03182 Cap screw, 7/16"-20x1-3/4" (n.s.) 12 23
4 7310-03183 Nut, hex, 7/16"-20" (not shown) 12 24
5 7310-03184 Washer, lock, 7/16" (not shown) 12 25
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 10
PFT-PCV/3000
Flange – upper drive
Rev. 02 Tav. 09-1

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03185 SAE-1610 drive flange 1 21
2 7310-03186 SAE-1610 flange yoke (n.s.) 1 22
3 7310-03187 Cap screw, 3/8"-16x1-1/2" (n.s.) 8 23
4 7310-03188 Nut, hex, 3/8"-16" (not shown) 8 24
5 7310-03189 Washer, lock, 3/8" (not shown) 8 25
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 11
Cover plate KIT
Kit part number: 7310-03164
Rev. 00 Tav. 0.0

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03176 Spacer 1 21
2 7310-03177 Screw, M10x30 3 22
3 7310-03178 Cover 1 23
4 7310-03114 Washer, lock 6 24
5 7310-03113 Screw, M10x35 6 25
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 12
Flange - pump mount SAE-B (16/32-13)
Kit part number: 7310-03242 KIT

Rev. 01 Tav. 0.0

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03230 O’Ring 1 21
2 7310-03231 Flange, pump mount 1 22
3 7310-03232 Screw, M10x50 4 23
4 7310-03233 Ring, elastic 1 24
5 7310-03234 Adapter, spline 1 25
6 7310-03235 Ring, elastic 1 26
7 7310-03236 Screw, M12x35 4 27
8 7310-03237 Washer 4 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 13
Cover plate KIT
Kit part number: 7310-03165
Rev. 00 Tav. 0.0

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03113 Screw, M10x35 6 21
2 7310-03114 Washer, lock 6 22
3 7310-03179 Cover 1 23
4 24
5 25
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 14
Mounting hardware KIT
Kit part number: 7310-03166
Rev. 00 Tav. 0.0

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03102 Washer, lock 10 21
2 7310-03103 Screw, M18x45 10 22
3 23
4 24
5 25
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 15
KIT
Plug - cylinder breather
Rev. 00 Tav. 0.0

Pos. Part No. Description Qty Pos. Part No. Description Qty
1 7310-03151 Plug, breather 4 21
2 22
3 23
4 24
5 25
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30
11 31
12 32
13 33
14 34
15 35
16 36
17 37
18 38
19 39
20 40
10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM
SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110
TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392
Docum ent Num ber 9700-01058-0612 16
PFT-PCV/3000

Rev. 00 Tav. 0.0

THE INSTRUCTIONS, DESIGNS, TABLES, SPECIFICATIONS, AND GENERAL CONTENTS OF THIS


MANUAL ARE OF TECHNICAL NATURE AND RESERVED. ALL THE INFORMATION WITHIN SHALL
NOT BE REPRODUCED COMPLETELY, PARTIALLY, NOR IT SHALL BE COMMUNICATED TO THIRD
PARTIES WITHOUT THE WRITTEN AUTHORIZATION OF OMSI TRANSMISSIONS, INC., SOLE
PROPRIETARY OF ALL RIGHTS, INCLUSIVE THE RESERVATION OF PERFORMING CHANGES AS IT
CONSIDERS NECESSARY WITHOUT PREVIOUS NOTIFICATION.

10810078-03 – 03/06/12 - DM

SUPER PRODUCTS LLC P.O. BOX 510110 New Berlin, WI 53151-0110


TELEPHONE: (800) 837-9711 (262) 784-7100
FAX: (262) 784-9392 Docume nt Numbe r 9700-010 5 8 -0 71 2
17
The original ROOTS blower still leads the way™.

TRI-NADO® TM
1125 DVJ Tri-lobe Blower
Installation and Operation

Contents
Information Summary ...........................................................1 Lubrication ...........................................................................7
Warranty and Limitation of Liability ........................................2 Operation .............................................................................7
Safety Precautions................................................................3 Vibration Assessment Criteria ...............................................8
Installation ........................................................................ 3-5 Troubleshooting..................................................................11

Do These Things To Get The Most From Your ROOTS™ Blower


R Check shipment for damage. If found, file claim with R Make sure both driving and driven equipment is correctly
carrier and notify nearest Sales Office. See List on last lubricated before start-up. See LUBRICATION.
page. R Read starting checkpoints under OPERATION. Run
R Unpack shipment carefully and check contents against equipment briefly to check for installation errors and make
packing List. Notify Sales Office if a shortage appears. corrections. Follow with a trial run under normal operating
R Store in a clean, dry location until ready for installation. conditions.
Lift by methods discussed under installation to avoid R In event of trouble during installation or operation, do
straining or distorting the equipment. Keep covers on not attempt repairs of Roots furnished equipment. Notify
all openings. Protect against weather and corrosion if nearest Sales Office giving all nameplate information plus
outdoor storage is necessary. an outline of operating conditions and a description of the
R Read LIMITATIONS and INSTALLATION sections in this trouble.
manual and complete the installation. R Unauthorized attempts at equipment repair may void
R Provide for adequate safeguards against accidents to Manufacturer’s warranty. Units out of warranty may be
persons working on or near the equipment during both repaired or adjusted by the owner. It is recommended
installation and operation. SEE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS. that such work be limited to the operations described
this manual, using Factory Parts. Good inspection and
R Install all equipment correctly. Foundation design must be
maintenance practices should reduce the need for
adequate and piping carefully done. Use recommended
repairs.
accessories for operating protection.

ILRB-3007 rev. 1010


Roots products are sold subject to the
current General Terms of Sale, GTS-5001 and
Warranty Policy WP-5020. Copies are
available upon request.
Contact your local Roots Office
or Roots Customer Service
Hot Line 1-877-363-ROOT(S) (7668)
or direct 281-966-4700.

2 | Dresser Roots
Foreword
A blower is a precision engineering product with very fine Warning
clearances between the twin impellers and between the It is essential that anyone involved in the installation
impellers and the casing. As there is no contact between the and operation of positive displacement air blowers,
moving parts internal lubrication is unnecessary. This ensures must have read and understood these instructions.
that relatively oil free air is delivered at all times. There is a risk of damage and injury resulting from
improper handling and operation.

Safety Precautions
For equipment covered specifically or indirectly in this instruc- R Stay clear of open piping.
tion book, it is important that all personnel observe safety R Stay clear of the blast from pressure relief valves and the
precautions to minimize the chance of injury. Among many suction area of vacuum relief valves.
considerations, the following should particularly be noted:
R Avoid extended exposure in close proximity to machinery
R Do not use V-belt drive for a standard unit. that exceeds safe noise levels.
R Blower casing and associated piping or accessories R Use proper care and good procedures in handling, lifting,
may become hot enough to cause major skin burns on installing, operating and maintaining the equipment.
contact.
R Casing pressure must not exceed 25-PSI (172 kPa)
R Internal and external rotating parts of the blower and gauge. Do not pressurize vented cavities from an external
driving equipment can produce serious physical injuries. source, nor restrict the vents.
Do not reach into any opening in the blower while it is
operating, or while subject to accidental starting Cover R Do not use air blowers on explosive or hazardous gases.
external moving parts with adequate guards. R Other potential hazards to safety may also be associated
R Disconnect power before doing any work and avoid with operation of this equipment. All personnel working
bypassing or rendering inoperative any safety or protec- in or passing through the area should be warned by
tive devices. signs and trained to exercise adequate general safety
precautions.
R If blower is operated with piping disconnected, place a
strong coarse screen over the inlet and jet port. Avoid
standing in the path of the air streams.

Installation
ROOTS™ blowers are internally and externally treated after fac- 2. Paint shaft extension, inlet and discharge flanges and
tory assembly to protect against normal atmospheric corrosion all other exposed surfaces with Nox-Rust X-110 or
before installation. The maximum period of internal protection equivalent.
is considered to be one year under average conditions, if 3. Seal inlet, discharge and vent openings. It is NOT recom-
closing plugs or seals are not removed. Protection against mended that the unit be set in place, piped to the system
chemical or salt water is not provided. Avoid opening the and allowed to remain idle for extended periods. If any
blower until ready to start installation, as protection will be lost part is left open to the atmosphere, the Nox-Rust VCI-10
quickly by evaporation. vapor will escape and lose its effectiveness.
If there is to be an extended period between installation and 4. Units are not to be subjected to excessive vibration during
start up, the following steps should be taken to insure corro- storage.
sion protection.
5. Rotate shaft three or four revolutions every two weeks.
If there is to be an extended period between installation and
start up, the following steps should be taken to insure corro- 6. Prior to start up, remove flange covers on both inlet and
sion protection. discharge and inspect internals to insure absence of rust.

1. Coat internals of cylinder gearbox and drive end bearing 7. Check all internal clearances
reservoir with Nox-Rust VCI-10 or equivalent. Repeat Because of the completely enclosed blower design, location
once a year or as conditions may require. Nox-Rust VCI- of the installation is generally not a critical matter. A clean,
10 is oil soluble and does not have to be removed before dry and protected indoor location is normally give satisfactory
lubricating. If desired, Nox-Rust VCI-10 may be removed service. Important requirements are that the correct grade
from the cylinder shortly before start up with petroleum of lubrication oil be provided for expected temperatures, for
solvent, or it can remain in the blower if it is not harmful to expected temperatures, and that the blower be located so that
the operation of the connected system. Nox-Rust VCI-10 routine checking and servicing can be handled conveniently
is a product of Daubert Chemical Co., 2000 Spring Rd., after installation. Effect of the location on driver and accessory
Oak Brook, IL 60521. equipment must be also be considered.

TRI-NADO® TM 1125 DVJ Tri-Lobe Blower | 3


Supervision of the installation by a Factory Service Engineer is With the mounting plate in place and leveled set the blower
not usually required for these blowers. Workmen with experi- on it without bolting and check for rocking. If it is not solid,
ence in installing light-medium weight machinery should be determine the total thickness of shims required under one
able to produce satisfactory results. Handling of the equipment foot to stop the rocking. Place half of this under each of the
needs to be accomplished with care, and in compliance with diagonally opposite short feet, and tighten the mounting studs
safe practices. Blower mounting must be solid, without strain or screws. Rotate the drive shaft to make sure the impellers
or twist, and air piping mjust be clean, accurately aligned and still turn freely. If the blower is to be direct coupled to a driving
properly connected. motor, consider the height of the motor shaft and the necessity
For handling the blower alone, use lifting lugs bolted into for it to be aligned very accurately with the blower shaft. The
the top of the headplates. Test them first for tightness and best arrangement is for the blower to be bolted directly to the
fractures by tapping with a hammer. In lifting, keep the direction mounting plate while the driver is on shims of at least 1/8-inch
of cable pull on these bolts as nearly vertical as possible. (3 mm) thickness. This allows adjustment of motor position in
final shaft alignment by varying the shim thickness.
When blower is furnished mounted on a baseplate, with or
without a driver, use of lifting slings passing under the base When the blower and driver have been factory mounted on
flange is required. Arrange these slings so that no strains a common baseplate, the assembly will have been properly
are placed on the blower casing, mounting feet, or on any aligned and is to be treated as a unit for leveling purposes.
mounted accessory equipment. DO NOT use the lifting lugs Satisfactory installation can be obtained by setting the base-
in the top of the headplates. plate on a concrete slab that is rigid and free of vibration, and
leveling the tops of the base carefully in two directions so that it
Before starting the installation, remove plugs, covers or seals
is free of twist. The slab must be provided with suitable anchor
from blower inlet and discharge connections and inspect the
bolts. The use of grouting under and partly inside the base after
interior the interior completely for dirt or foreign material. If
it has been carefully leveled by shimming, is recommended.
cleaning is required, finish by washing the cylinder, headplates
and impeller thoroughly with a petroleum solvent. After this, It is possible for a base-mounted assembly to become
turn the drive shaft by hand to make sure that the impellers twisted during shipment, thus disturbing the original
turn freely at all points. Anti-rust compound on the connection alignment. For this reason, make the following checks after
flanges and drive shaft extension may also be removed by this the base has been leveled and bolted down. Disconnect
time with the same solvent. Then cover the flanges again to the drive and rotate the blower shaft by hand. It should turn
keep out dirt until ready to connect the air piping. Washing out freely at all points. Loosen the blower foot hold-down screws
is not required if the interior is found to be clean. The corrosion and determine whether all feet are evenly in contact with base.
inhibitor used will vaporize and disappear during operation. If not, insert shims as required and again check for free impeller
rotation. Finally, if blower is direct coupled to the driver, check
Care, plus consideration of all possible problems, will pay
shaft and coupling alignment carefully and make any necessary
dividends when arranging the blower mounting. This is espe-
corrections.
cially true when the blower is a “bare” unit, furnished without a
baseplate. The convenient procedure may be to mount such a When the unit is to be directly coupled to its driver, the driver
unit directly on a floor or small concrete pad but this generally RPM must be selected or governed so as not to exceed the
produces the least satisfactory results. It is definitely causes the maximum speed rating of the blower. Refer to LIMITATIONS
most problems in leveling and alignment. for allowable speeds for various blower sizes. A flexible type
coupling should always be used to connect the driver and
Direct use of structural framing members is also not a
blower shafts. The standard unit IS NOT DESIGNED for use for
recommended mounting. If unavoidable, the members must
V-Belt Drive.
be rigidly reinforced when part of a building, and spring type
mountings should not be use. Noise transmission can usually Coupling halves must be accurately aligned, and a sufficient
be reduced by use of a cork insulating pad 1 to 2 inches (35 to gap between shaft ends provided so that side strains and
50 mm) thick. The pad should be supported by a full steel plate end thrust on either shaft are avoided or minimized This will
attached to the structure, with a rigid concrete slab on top of require considerable care in the mounting of the driver. The
the cork to carry the blower and driver. two shafts must be in as near perfect alignment in all directions
as possible, and the gap must be established with the motor
For a blower without a base, it is recommended that a
armature on its electrical center if endplay exists.
well-anchored and carefully leveled steel or cast iron mounting
plate be provided at the installation point. The plate should be The following requirements of a good installation are recom-
at least 1 inch (925 mm) thick, with its tip surface machined flat, mended. Coupling halves must be fitted to the two shafts with
and large enough to provide leveling areas at one side and one a line to line through .001 inch interference fit. Coupling halves
end after the blower is mounted. It should have properly sized must be warmed up, so that only light tapping is required to
studs or tapped holes located to match the blower foot drilling. install them. Maximum deviation in offset alignment of the
As an alternative, smaller plates at each end of the blower may shafts should not exceed .005 inches (.13 mm) total indicator
be used. This is more complicated, usually makes leveling reading, taken on the two coupling hubs. Maximum deviation
more difficult and can produce twist or strains in the blower. from parallel of the inside coupling faces should not exceed
Use of a high quality machinist’s level is important. .001 inches (.03 mm) when checked at six points around the
coupling.

4 | Dresser Roots
When the blower is to be driven by V-belts, the driver must Make provisions to clean this screen of collected debris after a
be mounted on an adjustable base to permit tightening or few hours operation. It should be removed when nits useful-
removing the belts. In this case the driver shaft height is of no ness has ended, as the wire will eventually deteriorate and
concern, but it must be parallel to the blower shaft and level. small pieces going into the blower may cause serious damage.
The driver must be mounted on the inlet side of the Piping flanges MUST meet the blower connections accurately
blower. To position the driver properly, both sheaves need to and squarely. DO NOT attempt to correct misalignment by
be mounted on their shafts, and the shaft center distance must springing or cramping the pipe. In most cases this will distort
be known. the blower casing and cause impeller rubbing. In severe cases
The blower sheave, usually the larger one in diameter, must it can prevent operation or result in a broken drive shaft. For
be of the narrow hub type. Install it so that its inner hub face is similar reasons, piping should be supported near the blower to
not more than 1/4 (6 mm) away from the gearbox. The driver eliminate dead weight strains. Also, if pipe expansion is likely to
sheave should also be mounted as close to its bearing as pos- occur from temperature change, installation of flexible connec-
sible. Now position the driver so that faces of the two sheaves tors or expansion joints is advisable.
are accurately in line, with the adjustable base so located as to Figure 1 represents in diagram form a blower installation
make 2/3 of its total movement available in the direction away with all accessory items that might be required under various
from the blower. This positioning provides minimum belt wear operating conditions. Inlet piping should be completely free of
and slip, and allows sufficient adjustment for installation and valves or restrictions.*
tightening of belts. Do not install belt until grouting has set and
Need for an inlet silencer will depend on blower speed
anchor bolts are tightened.
and pressure, as well as sound-level requirements in the
Blowers intended for driving by V-belts are provided with an general surroundings. An inlet filter is normally recommended,
extended drive shaft and an additional outer bearing to handle especially in dusty or sandy locations, for blower protection.
the side pull of the drive. If necessary, these units may also A discharge silencer is also normally suggested, even though
be used for direct coupling to the driver. Blowers intended WHISPAIR™ blowers operate at generally lower noise levels
specifically for direct coupling have no outer bearing and may than conventional lobe-type units. Specific recommendations
be seriously damaged if used belt drive. Consult your Sales on silencing can be obtained from the nearest Sales Office.
Office for approval before belting these units.
After piping is completed, and before applying power, rotate
Before connecting PIPING, remove any remaining anti-rust the drive shaft by hand again. If it does not move with uniform
compound from blower connections. Pipe used should be no freedom, look for uneven mounting, piping strain, or coupling
smaller than these connection, and clean new piping through- misalignment. DO NOT operate the blower at this time unless
out is strongly recommended. In addition, make sure it is free it has been lubricated per instructions. Read LUBRICATION
of dirt, scale, cuttings, weld beads or foreign materials or any section.
kind. To further guard against damage to the blower, especially *For high altitude applications, inlet relief valve may be required to prevent blower
when an inlet against damage to the blower, especially when from overheating.
an inlet filter is not used, install a substantial screen of 16 mesh
backed with hardware cloth at or near the inlet and jet port
connections.

TRI-NADO® TM 1125 DVJ Tri-Lobe Blower | 5


6 | Dresser Roots
Figure 1 - Schematic Diagram
Lubrication Operation
A very simple lubrication system is employed in these Before operating a blower under power for the first time,
blowers. All friction parts—gears, bearings and oil seals—are recheck the unit and the installation thoroughly to reduce the
lubricated by the action of oil slingers which dip into the main likelihood of avoidable troubles. Use the following procedure
oil sumps causing oil to splash directly on gears and bear- list as a guide, but consider any other special conditions in
ings. Entrance of lubricating oil into the blower air chamber is the installation.
prevented by the use of double shaft sealing. Lip type seal, 1. Be certain that no bolts, tools, rags or dirt have been
located inboard of the bearings in each headplate, effectively left in the blower air chamber.
retain oil within the sumps. Small leakage that may occur,
2. Be certain that inlet piping is free of any debris. If an
should the seals wear, passes into a cavity in each headplate
outdoor intake without filter is used be sure the opening
that is vented and drained downward. In addition, sealing
is located so it cannot pick up dirt and is protected by a
rings are provided on both shafts where they pass through
strong screen or grille. Use of the temporary protective
the inner walls of the headplates. These serve to reduce air
screen at the blower as described under INSTALLATION
leakage into the air chamber and also minimize oil carryover
is strongly recommended.
into the air chamber.
3. Recheck blower leveling, drive alignment and tightness
Oil sumps on each end of the blower are filled by removing
of all mounting bolts if installation is not recent.
top vent plugs, Item 37, filling until oil reaches the middle
of the oil level sight gauge, Item 87 with the BLOWER 4. Turn drive shaft by hand to make sure impellers still
NOT OPERATING, in order to obtain the correct oil level. rotate without bumping or rubbing at any point.
Approximate oil quantities required are listed in Table 1. Use 5. Make sure oil levels in the main oil sumps are correct.
a good grade of industrial type non-detergent, rust inhibiting,
6. Check lubrication of drive. If it is an electric motor, be
anti-foaming oil and of correct viscosity per Table 2. For
sure that power is available and that electrical overload
heavy duty service, a synthetic lubricant, such as ROOTS®
devices are installed and workable.
Synfillm GT synthetic oil (Roots p/n 813-106-), is highly
recommended. This synthetic oil has a life expectancy of 4 7. Bump blower a few revolutions with driver to check that
times that of petroleum based oils. direction of rotation agrees with arrow near blower shaft,
and that both units coast freely to a stop.
The level should never be allowed to fall below the level
gauge when the blower is operating. Oil level may rise on the After the preceding points are cleared, blower is ready for
gauge during operation, to an extent depending somewhat trial operation under “no-load” conditions as set up
on oil temperature and blower speed, but it should not be under Item 7. The following procedure is suggested to
permitted to rise above the top of the oil level gauge. cover this initial operation test period.

During the first week of operation, check the oil levels in the (a) Start the blower, let it accelerate to full speed, then shut
oil sumps about once a day, and watch for leaks. Replenish off. Listen for knocking sounds, both with power on and
as necessary. Thereafter, an occasional check should be suf- as speed slows down.
ficient. It is recommended that the oil be changed after initial (b) Repeat above, but let blower run 2 or 3 minutes. Check
100 hours of operation. Frequent oil changing is not required for noises, such as knocking sounds.
unless the blower is operated in a very dusty location. Normal
(c) Operate blower for about 10 minutes unloaded. Check
life expectancy of petroleum based oils is about 2000 hours
oil levels. Feel cylinder and headplate surfaces for
with an oil temperature of about 200° F.
development of spots too hot to touch, indicating impel-
ler rubs. Be aware of any noticeable increase in vibration.
Table 1 - Approximate Oil Sump Capacities
Assuming that all trials have been satisfactory, or that
Blower Gearbox Blind End Cover
necessary corrections have been made, the blower should
Frame Size Quarts Liters Quarts Liters
now have a final check run of at least one hour under normal
1125 3 2.8 2 1.9 operating conditions. After blower is restarted, gradually close
inlet valve to apply working vacuum gauge or manometer be
connected into the inlet line if not already provided, and that
Table 2 - Lubricant Recommended termometers be in both inlet and discharge lines. Readings
Ambient Temperature
Viscosity Range from these instruments will show whether vacuum or
SSU @ 100°F (38°C) temperature ratings of the blower are being exceeded.
Above 90°F (32°C) 320
During the final run, check operating conditions frequently
32° to 90°F (0 to 32°C) 220 and observe the oil levels at reasonable intervals. If excessive
0° to 32°F (-18 to 0°C) 100 noise or local heating develops, shut down immediately and
Below 0°F (-18°C) 68 determine the cause. If either vacuum or temperature rise
across the blower exceeds the limit specified din this manual,
shut down and investigate conditions in the piping system
or in the process to which air is being supplied. Refer to

TRI-NADO® TM 1125 DVJ Tri-Lobe Blower | 7


the TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST. For suggestions on be removed. See comments under INSTALLATION. At this
various problems that may appear. same time, verify leveling, coupling alignment and mounting
The blower should now be ready for continuous duty bolt tightness.
operation at full load. During the first new days make periodic
checks to determine whether all conditions remain steady, or Table 3 - Maximum Allowable Operating Conditions
at least acceptable. This may be particularly important if the Inlet Vacuum Temperature Rise
blower is connected to a process system where conditions Frame Max RPM
Inches Hg Mm Hg °F °C
can vary. At the first opportunity, stop the blower and clean
1125 27 684 200 111 2000
the temporary inlet and jet port protective screens. If no
appreciable amount of debris has collected, the screen may Note: Discharge back pressure must not exceed 10" H2O

Vibration Assessment Criteria


With measurements taken at the bearing locations on In general, blower vibration levels should be monitored on a
the housings, an unfiltered vibration of 1.0 in/sec peak is regular basis and the vibration trend observed for progressive
considered an appropriate assessment guide line for rotary or sudden change in level. If such a change occurs, the
lobe blowers rigidly mounted on stiff foundations. cause should be determined through spectral analysis.
If the blower is operating above this level then the installation
must be fully evaluated to determine the source or cause of
the vibration, and the cause corrected.

Table 4 - Blower Internal Clearances For Units with Spherical Bearings


Impeller Ends *Impeller Strip to Cylinder Impeller Impeller Lobes Max.
Frame Size Strip to Temp. Rise
Gear End Opp. G.E. Inlet Center Discharge Waist Fronts Backs °F
1125 .022/.025 .008/.010 .009/.014 .009/.014 .009/.014 .008/.015 .013/.015 .013/.015 200
* Impellers have “wear in” strips. Impeller strip to case clearances as shown are
expected after running the blower, they will not exist at initial blower assembly.
Assembly records need not indicate the strip to case clearance values.
Maximum clearance listed is for reference only.

8 | Dresser Roots
Figure 2 - Sectional Assembly

TRI-NADO® TM 1125 DVJ Tri-Lobe Blower | 9


Table 4 - TRI-NADO® TM Parts List

Item Number Quantity Used Identification


1 2 Headplate
2 1 Cylinder
3 1 Gearbox
5 1 End Cover
7 2 Impeller
8 4 Bearing Clamp Plate
9 2 Gear
12 1 Shaft - Gear End Driven
14 2 Shaft - Opposite Gear End
16 1 Key (coupling)
17 2 Shim Set
18 2 Gasket - Gearbox/End Cover
21 16 Lock Washer (clamp plates)
22 16 Cap Screw - Hex Head (clamp plates)
23 1 Seal - Drive Shaft
27 4 Seal - Inboard
29 2 Lifting Lug
30 76 Cap Screw - Hex Head (covers/plates)
30A 6 Cap Screw - Hex Head (lifting lugs)
31 4 Bearing - Spherical Roller
34 1 Name
35 18 Drive Screw - Round Head (nameplates/arrow)
36 4 Dowel Pin (gearbox alignment)
37 2 Vent Plug
42 54 Cap Screw - Socket Head (impeller)
43 6 Taper Pin (impeller)
44 1 Label - WHISPAIR™
69 6 Pipe Plug (headplate)
70 5 Pipe Plug gearbox/end cover/cylinder)
74 1 Rotation Arrow
87 2 Sight Plug - Oil Level
92 2 Label - Identification
100 4 Dowel Pin - Pull Out (headplate alignment)
101 2 Lock Nut (gears/bearings)
105 1 Shaft - Gear End Drive
109 4 Piston Ring Seal
141 1 Slinger - Opposite Gear End
181 1 Cover Plate - Cylinder
182 12 Cap Screw - Hex Head (cover plate)
184 1 Slinger - Gear End
185 3 Cap Screw - Button Head (slinger)
186 6 Washer (slinger)
188 2 Washer - Wavy Spring
194 4 Anti-rotation Pin
194A 4 Washer
196 4 Cap Screw - Hex Head (slinger)
197 2 Close Nipple (vent plug)
198 2 Pipe Coupling (vent plug)
203 4 Flat Washer (slinger)

10 | Dresser Roots
Trouble Shooting Checklist
Trouble Item Possible Cause Remedy
1 Speed too low Check by tachometer and compare with speed on Roots Order
Acknowledgement.
No flow
2 Wrong rotation Compare actual rotation, change driver rotation if wrong.
3 Obstruction in piping Check piping valve, silencer, to assure open flow path.
4 Speed too slow See Item 1.
5 Excessive pressure rise Check inlet vacuum and discharge pressure and compare these
figures with specified operation conditions on order.
Low Capacity
6 Obstruction in piping See Item 3.
7 Excessive slip Check inside of casing for worn or eroded surfaces causing exces-
sive clearances.
8 Speed too high See Item 1.
9 Excessive pressure rise See Item 5.
Excessive Power 10 Impeller rubbing Inspect outside of cylinder for high temperature areas, then check
for impeller contact at these points. Look for excessive scale build-
up. Correct blower mounting drive alignment.
11 Inadequate lubrication Check oil sump levels in end covers.
12 Excessive lubrication Check oil levels. If correct, drain and refill with clean oil or
Overheating of bearings recommended grade
or gears
13 Excessive pressure rise See Item 5.
14 Coupling misalignment Check carefully. Realign if questionable.
15 Misalignment See Item 14.
16 Impellers rubbing See Item 10.
17 Worn bearings/gears Check gear backlash and condition of bearings and replace as
indicated.

18 Unbalanced or rubbing impellers Scale or process material may build up on casing and impellers or
Vibration
inside impellers. Remove build-up to restore original clearances and
impeller balance.

19 Driver or blower loose Tighten mounting bolts accurately.


20 Piping resonance Determine whether standing wave pressure pulsations are present
in the piping. Refer to Sales Office.
21 Impeller stuck Check for excessive hot spot on headplate or cylinder. See Item 10.
Driver stops or will not start
Look for detective shaft, bearing and/or gear teeth.
Excessive breather blowby or
excessive oil leakage to 22 Broken seal Replace seals
vent area

TRI-NADO® TM 1125 DVJ Tri-Lobe Blower | 11


About Dresser Roots® About Dresser, Inc.
Dresser Roots, a major product brand of Dresser, Inc., is Dresser, Inc. is a leader in providing highly engineered
the manufacturer of the original ROOTS blower™, centrifugal infrastructure products for the global energy industry. The
compressors and control systems. ROOTS® air and gas company has leading positions in a broad portfolio of prod-
moving equipment is used in a wide variety of applications, ucts, including valves, actuators, meters, switches, regulators,
including Mechanical Vapor Recompression, water and piping products, natural gas-fueled engines, retail fuel
wastewater treatment, flue gas desulphurization, petro- dispensers and associated retail point-of-sale systems, and
chemical and chemical processes, conveying, and other air and gas handling equipment. Leading brand names within
industrial applications. the Dresser portfolio include Dresser Wayne® retail fueling
systems, Waukesha® natural gas-fired engines, Masoneilan®
control valves, Consolidated® pressure relief valves, and
Roots® blowers. It has manufacturing and customer service
facilities located strategically worldwide and a sales presence
in more than 100 countries.

Dresser Roots
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ILRB-3007 rev. 1010 www.dresserroots.com


Hydraulic Powered Pressure Washer
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Water is discharged from this machine at very high pressure. Never point the spray wand at persons or any part
of the human body. High pressure water may result in severe personal injury.

2. Never tie open the spray gun trigger or start the machine with the spray gun unattended. High-pressure flow
could cause the gun and wand to fly around causing personal injury or property damage.

3. Do not run acids, petroleum-based solvents, highly chlorinated materials or insecticides through this pump.
Damage to internal parts could result. Use only detergents formulated for use with pressure washers and follow
the manufacturer’s instructions.

4. When using this machine, wear goggles or a face shield to protect eyes from spray, chemicals or back-spattered
materials.

OPERATION

1. Fill tank with water or turn on water supply. (Pump must have positive head pressure.)

2. Hook up hydraulic hoses.

3. With machine at idle, engage hydraulics, then increase engine rpm until desired water psi is reached.

4. Grasp gun firmly. Point wand at object to be cleaned and squeeze the trigger. Experimenting with the distance
the nozzle tip is held from the surface to be cleaned is recommended. The closer the tip, the greater the impact;
however, as the tip is moved farther back a larger area can be covered. Avoid opening and closing the trigger
gun in rapid succession, as this is hard on the unloader valve.

5. Pump must be horizontal when operating.

MAINTENANCE

1. Before shut down, wash off the pump and orbit motor to rinse off any foreign material.

2. Wipe down hose and coil for storage. Inspect hose daily for cuts or abrasions.

3. Change pump oil every 200 hours. Check oil level daily and “Top Off” as required. Use 30-weight non-
detergent oil.

PROTECT AGAINST FREEZING TEMPERATURES

1. Remove suction hose from water supply and place hose in a container of ethylene glycol anti-freeze.

2. Start the machine. When you see anti-freeze coming from the nozzle, trigger the gun a couple of times. This
will allow the unloader valve to be purged.

NOTE: After water is purged from the system, anti-freeze can be captured for reuse.
Hydraulic Powered Pressure Washer
TROUBLE SHOOTING
(Both hydraulic and water systems)

Symptom Probable Cause Corrective Action


Pump runs but produces no flow Pump is not primed Flood suction line then restart pump. Check the screen
In the pump inlet hose fitting.

Nozzle in low PSI mode Pull or push nozzle into High PSI mode.

Nozzle plugged Clean nozzle. (see nozzle-cleaning brochure)

Pump loses prime Air leak in suction hose or Remove suction hose and test for leaks by pressurizing
Chattering noise, pressure fluctuates inlet fittings with water. Make sure thread sealant has been used on
all fittings.

Suction line is blocked, Inspect it for a loose liner, kinks or debris lodged in
collapsed, or too small hose.

Clogged suction strainer Clean strainer.

Low pressure at nozzle Unloader valve is by-passing Make sure unloader is adjusted properly and by-pass
seat is not leaking.(unloader valve adjustment brochure)

Incorrect or worn nozzle Make sure nozzle is matched to the flow and pressure
of the pump. If the nozzle is worn, replace it.

Restricted intake Refer to priming info.

Dirt in check valves Clean check valves. (see check valve cleaning brochure)

Unit makes knocking noises Almost always caused by Check the suction line for kinks, restrictions, clogged
not being able to get inlet line or strainer, too many elbows, or a reducer
enough water at the inlet fitting installed in the line somewhere.

The water suction line is too A ¾” diameter line is recommended. If the line is
Small for its length real long, 1” diameter may be needed.

The water level in the supply The pump should always be below the water level in
tank is too low the supply tank.

The unit makes chattering noise The unloader valve on the Try adjusting the unloader valve to reduce its pressure
water pump is unloading setting. This can also be caused by the vehicle’s
hydraulic system relief valve being set too close to
The operating pressure required by the pressure
Washer. The hydraulic relief valve must be set at
Least 300 PSI above the operating pressure of the
washer. This should be checked with a pressure gauge.

Particles of dirt or sand Remove spray tip orifice and clean.


in the spray tip orifice

Dirt in check valves Clean check valves. (see check valve cleaning brochure)

Unit doesn’t develop good pressure Not enough oil getting Increase vehicle RPM. Check circuit with a hydraulic
to the hydraulic motor flow flow meter to assure that the flow meets minimum
meter requirements.

Hydraulic motor slowing Vehicle system pressure relief valve may be set to
or stalling low. It should be checked with a pressure gauge to
assure that it is set at a high enough pressure.

The spray nozzle orifice Inspect this orifice for wear or incorrect sizing and
may be wore out replace if necessary.
The original ROOTS blower still leads the way™.

DVJ WHISPAIR™
Dry Exhauster
Installation, Operation & Maintenance

Contents
Information Summary............................................................1 Lubrication.................................................................... 10-11
Warranty and Limitation of Liability.........................................2 Operation...................................................................... 12-13
Operating Characteristics......................................................3 Troubleshooting...................................................................14
Operating Limitations.............................................................4 Maintenance/Replacements.......................................... 16-22
Installation....................................................................... 5-10 Sectional Drawings........................................................ 23-26

Do These Things To Get The Most From Your ROOTS™ Blower


o Check shipment for damage. If found, file claim with o Make sure both driving and driven equipment is correctly
carrier and notify nearest Sales Office. See List on last lubricated before start-up. See LUBRICATION.
page. o Read starting checkpoints under OPERATION. Run
o Unpack shipment carefully and check contents against equipment briefly to check for installation errors and make
packing List. Notify Sales Office if a shortage appears. corrections. Follow with a trial run under normal operating
o Store in a clean, dry location until ready for installation. conditions.
Lift by methods discussed under installation to avoid o In event of trouble during installation or operation, do
straining or distorting the equipment. Keep covers on not attempt repairs of Roots furnished equipment. Notify
all openings. Protect against weather and corrosion if nearest Sales Office giving all nameplate information plus
outdoor storage is necessary. an outline of operating conditions and a description of the
o Read LIMITATIONS and INSTALLATION sections in this trouble.
manual and complete the installation. o Unauthorized attempts at equipment repair may void
o Provide for adequate safeguards against accidents to Manufacturer’s warranty. Units out of warranty may be
persons working on or near the equipment during both repaired or adjusted by the owner. It is recommended
installation and operation. SEE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS. that such work be limited to the operations described
this manual, using Factory Parts. Good inspection and
o Install all equipment correctly. Foundation design must be
maintenance practices should reduce the need for
adequate and piping carefully done. Use recommended
repairs.
accessories for operating protection.

ILRB-3006 0810
Roots products are sold subject to the
current General Terms of Sale, GTS-5001 and
Warranty Policy WP-5020. Copies are
available upon request.
Contact your local Roots Office
or Roots Customer Service
Hot Line 1-877-363-ROOT(S) (7668)
or direct 281-966-4700.

2 | Dresser Roots
Operating Characteristics
DVJ WHISPAIR™ dry vacuum exhausters are covered in this discharge air returned to the pockets in RAS WHISPAIR
manual. In size they range from 10 inches through 20 inches design. The cooling effect allows blower operation at higher
gear diameter. All are equipped with an effective splash oil vacuum levels without exceeding the blower’s maximum
lubrication system. From a principle usage standpoint they temperature rise. For closed loop DVJ applications, as shown
are designated as air blowers. in Fig. 4, a portion of discharge gas is recycled back through
The DVJ rotary lobe blower is a positive displacement type a cooler to the cylinder slot plenum to give similar cooling
unit, whose pumping capacity is determined by size, operat- effects.
ing speed and inlet conditions. It employs two double-lobe No attempt should ever be made to control capacity by
impellers mounted on parallel shafts and rotating in opposite means of a throttle valve in the intake or discharge piping.
directions within a cylinder closed at the ends by headplates. This increases the power load on the driver, and may
As the impellers rotate, air is drawn into one side of the seriously damage the blower. Likewise, if a possibility exists
cylinder and forced out the opposite side against the existing that flow to the blower inlet may be cut off during normal
pressure. The differential pressure developed, therefore, operation of a process, then an adequate vacuum relief valve
depends on the resistance of the connected systems. should be installed in the inlet line near the blower. A pressure
Effective sealing of the blower inlet area from the discharge type relief valve in the discharge line near the blower is also
area is accomplished by use of very small operating clear- strongly recommended for protection against cut-off or
ances. (This feature also eliminates rubbing contact between blocking in this line.
rotating and stationary parts, hence, internal lubrication is not When a belt drive is employed, blower speed can usually be
required.) Clearances between the impellers during rotation adjusted to obtain desire capacity by changing the diameter
are maintained by a pair of accurately machined timing of one or both sheaves. In a direct coupled arrangement, a
gears, mounted on the two shafts extending outside the air variable speed motor or transmission is required, or air may
chamber. be vented through a manually controlled unloading valve and
The DVJ blower is used in vacuum service and uses the silencer. If discharge air is returned to the blower inlet, it must
same principle as the RAS WHISPAIR™ design except the go through a cooling by-pass arrangement.
discharge and slots feeding air back into the cylinder closed Before making any change in blower capacity or
pocket areas all have individual plenums. In vacuum opera- operating conditions, contact the nearest Sales Office for
tion, the discharge pressure differs from atmospheric only specific information applying to your particular blower. In all
by the backpressure in the discharge system. Atmospheric cases, operating conditions must be maintained within the
pressure air flows into one cylinder slot plenum supplying air approved range or pressures, temperatures and speeds as
to the closed Pocket B as shown in Position 2 of figure 1 and stated under LIMITATIONS. Also, the blower must not be
through the cross-over pipe (DVJ jet air flow diagram-above used to handle air containing liquids or solids. Serious
figures) to Pocket A. The atmospheric air, flowing to the damage to the rotating parts will result.
closed pockets, is at a much lower temperature than the

Figure 1 - DVJ WHISPAIR™ Operating Principle

Position 1 Position 2 Position 3

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 3


Operating Limitations
To establish and maintain continued satisfactory performance, Sales Office. Normally, when a blower is operated at the
and Roots blower must be operated within certain approved design condition stamped on its nameplate, the specified limits
limiting conditions. The Manufacturer’s warranty is, of course, apply.
contingent on such operation. VACUUM - With the discharge going to atmospheric pressure,
Any unnecessary restrictions of discharge flow or atmospheric the inlet suction or vacuum in inches of mercury (kPa) must not
air inlet to the cylinder slots reduces the cooling air flow and be greater than the values listed for the specific frame size. The
limits blower operation as the maximum temperature rise pressure rise in pounds per square inch (kPa) between blower
will occur below the normal limits of vacuum level. For an inlet and discharge, must not exceed the figure listed for the
open loop system, the discharge pressure must not exceed specific blower and frame size concerned. The blower case
0.2" H2O per 100 FPM gear speed. Example - 10" GD is rated for a maximum pressure of 25 PSI (172 kPa) gauge
unit running at 1500 rpm, maximum discharge pressure = regardless of blower size.
0.262*10*1500*0.2/100=7.9" H2O. This also applies to close TEMPERATURE - Various blower frame sizes are approved
loop system, this is the pressure difference between the blower only for installations where the following temperature limitations
discharge and the casing bleed back port. The pressure drop can be maintained in service.
through the jet filter/silencer must not exceed 10" H2O. The
A. Maximum temperature rise (T.R.) in Fahrenheit degrees
the listed maximum allowable temperature rise (increase in air
(°C) must not exceed listed values when the inlet is at
temperature between inlet and discharge) for any particular
ambient temperature. Ambient is considered as the
blower may occur well before maximum speed or maximum
general temperature of the space around the blower.
pressure rating is reached. Temperature rise then is the
This is not outdoor temperature unless the blower is
limiting condition. In other words, the operating limit is
installed outdoors.
always to be determined by the maximum rating reached first.
It can be any one of the three: pressure/vacuum, temperature B. If inlet temperature is higher than ambient, the listed
or speed. allowable temperature rise values must be calculated
using blower selection program (Contact Sales Office if
Be sure to arrange connections or taps for thermometers and
you do not have access to the program).
pressure or vacuum gauges at or near the inlet and discharge
connections of the blower. These, along with a good tachom- SPEED RANGE - Blowers may be operated at speeds up to
eter, will enable periodic checks of operating conditions. the maximums listed for the various frame sizes. They may be
direct coupled to suitable constant speed drivers if vacuum/
Note - Some special purpose blowers may be assembled
temperature conditions are also within limits. Splash lubricated
with nonstandard clearances other than shown in Table 8 or 9.
blowers should not be operated below 1000 FPM gear speed
These units may be operated at vacuum and or temperature
for proper lubrication.
rises higher than those listed in applicable Table 1. Before
doing so however, request specific approval from the nearest

Table 1 - Maximum Allowable Operating Conditions - DVJ


Inlet Vacuum Temperature Rise Speed
Frame Size
Inches HG mm HG. °F °C RPM Maximum
1016 27.0 684 275 153 1800
1021 27.0 684 300 167 1800
1220 27.0 684 275 153 1500
1222 24.0 610 275 153 1500
1428 22.5 571 300 167 1300
1431* 22.0 558 300 167 1300
1639 18.5 470 300 167 1130
1643 16.5 420 300 167 1130
1833 24.0 610 300 167 1000
1838 21.5 546 300 167 1000
*Requires GE drive arrangement above 20" Hg.

4 | Dresser Roots
Table 2 - DVJ Clearances

Impeller Ends Impeller Strips To Cylinder Impeller Lobes Max.


Blower
Temp Rise
Size
Thrust Gear End -°F
Inlet Center Disch. Fronts Backs
Ends Min.
1016 .010/.012 .023/.027 ---- ---- .014/.016 .010/.012 .014/.016 .020/.024 .010/.014 275°
1021 .010/.012 .032/.036 ---- ---- .016/.018 .010/.012 .016/.018 .022/.026 .010/.014 300°
1220 .010/.012 .034/0.38 ---- ---- .015/.017 .011/.013 .015/.017 .021/.025 .011/.015 275°
1222 .011/.015 .037/.041 ---- ---- .015/ .017 .011/ .013 .015/ .017 .021/ .025 .011/ .015 275°
1428 .013/.015 .032/.036 ---- ---- .019/.021 .012/.014 .019/.021 .022/.026 .012/.016 300°
1431 .014/.016 .035/039 ---- ---- .019/.021 .012/.014 .019/.021 .022/.026 .012/.016 300°
1639 .016/.018 .048/.052 ---- ---- .025/.027 .015/.017 .025/.027 .024/.028 .014/.018 300°
1643 .018/.020 .050/.054 ---- ---- .026/.028 .016/.018 .026/.028 .024/.028 .014/.018 300°
1833 .015/.017 .042/.046 ---- ---- .024/.026 .015/.017 .024/.026 .025/.029 .015/.019 300°
1838 .017/.019 .048/.052 ---- ---- .024/.026 .015/.017 .024/.026 .025/.029 .015/.019 300°

INSTALLATION
The DVJ blower should have a full-sized silencer installed plate should be lifted only by the four lifting lugs provided.
on the discharge and a minimum length of full size piping, Weight in this case will be greater than the following figures.
if necessary, for the installation. Back pressure created by Before lifting with eyebolts, test one for tightness and
silencer restriction and pipe losses reduces the jet inlet flow fractures by tapping with a hammer. Direction of pull on the
and increases blower temperature rise. No valves should be bolts during lift should be nearly vertical. Since a considerable
used in the discharge piping. cable angle will usually be unavoidable, place a stiff spreader
The 1016 and 1220 blower has a temporary cover installed between the eyebolts to take the side strain, and adjust cable
on one cylinder slot inlet port at the factory and a permanent lengths so that the unit is approximately level during the lift.
metal cover on the other. A full size acoustic absorption type A harness featuring four lifting hooks is required to lift
silencer should be installed in place of the temporary cover, base-mounted units. After inserting the hooks in the lifting
however, the cover and silencer may be reversed on the lugs, block the chains out on the sides to avoid placing the
cylinder slot plenum ports if the installation requires it. Some unit under strain. At the same time, adjust lengths to produce
type of protection such as a filter screen is necessary to a level lift.
stop foreign particle entry through the cylinder slots. Outside
LOCATION of the installation is generally not a critical matter.
installations may also require some weather protection to
A clean, dry and protected indoor location is to be preferred.
prevent the entry of rain or snow. Jet inlet restriction will
However, an outdoor location will give satisfactory service
cause an increase in blower temperature rise and should
if correct lubrication for expected temperatures is provided.
be checked as a possible cause if temperature rise limits
Effect of such a location on driver and other equipment must
operation to a vacuum level less than maximum allowable.
also be considered.
Technical assistance at installation by a factory Service
PROTECTION of internal machined surfaces against normal
Engineer is usually not required for the smaller units, frame
atmospheric corrosion is normally provided at the factory,
series 1000 through 1400. Workmen with general experience
using a vaporizing inhibitor. Markings on the flange covers will
in installing heavy machinery should be able to complete
indicate this protection. Maximum period of protection is one
a satisfactory installation. Information in this manual is
year under average conditions, if flange covers and closing
supplemented by the more detailed discussions of founda-
seals are not removed. Protection against chemical or
tions and piping in API recommended practice 686 and
salt water atmosphere is not provided. Leave covers
the Compressed Air and Gas Handbook, published by the
and tape seals over all openings as long as possible during
Compressed Air and Gas Institute, New York City and the
installation to avoid loss of protection.
American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C. However, a
Service Engineer may be employed for assistance or for final If there is to be an extended period between installation
checking of an installation. and start up, the following steps should be taken to insure
corrosion protection:
Handling of the equipment should be accomplished by
methods conforming to safe practice for the weight involved. 1. Coat internal of gearbox and drive end bearing covers
Weight of a bare unit, without base plate, driver or acces- with a vapor phase rust inhibiting liquid such as Nox-
sories will range from about 1 ton (910 kg) for the smallest to Rust VCI-10. Use Zerust vapor capsules in the inlet port
approximately 7 tons (6350 kg). On such units, an eyebolt is of cylinder. Repeat once a year or as conditions may
provided near each end for lifting. A unit mounted on a base require. VCI-10 is oil soluble and does not have to be

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 5


removed before lubricating. If desired, VCI-10 may be for use directly between the operating equipment and the
removed from within the cylinder shortly before start up foundation. Where such mountings are required, they should
by spraying fine mist of petroleum solvent through the be designed to carry a reinforced concrete slab on which the
blower while it is running at a slow speed with open inlet equipment is mounted. This slab must have good rigidity against
and discharge, or it can remain in the blower if it is not bending and twisting, and the suspension system will require
harmful to the operation of the connected system. VCI- careful adjustment to produce a reasonably level condition
10 is a product of Daubert Chemical Co., Oak Brook, IL. during operation. All piping will require flexible sections and
2. Paint shaft extension, inlet and discharge flanges, and supports to reduce connection strains on the unit to a minimum.
all other exposed surfaces with Nox-Rust X-110 or Direct use of structural framing members for mounting is not
equivalent. recommended. If unavoidable, it should be restricted to
3. Seal inlet, discharge, and vent openings. It is not units of the smaller frame sizes, and spring-type mountings
recommended that the unit be set in place, piped to the should not be used. Structural members must be rigid, and
system, and allowed to remain idle for extended periods. will probably require reinforcement if part of a building. Noise
If any part is left open to the atmosphere, the VCI-10 transmission can be reduced by use of a cork isolating pad.
vapor will escape and lose its effectiveness. This can be 1 to 2 inch (25-50 mm) thickness, bedding on
a full steel plate attached to the structure and carrying rigid
4. Units are not to be subjected to excessive vibration
concrete slab on which the equipment is mounted.
during storage.
ANCHOR BOLTS are to be placed within the foundation
5. Rotate drive shaft three or four revolutions every two
forms before concrete is poured. Foundation bolts installed
weeks.
as shown in Figure 2, with diameter and length as in Table 2
6. Prior to start up, remove flange covers on both inlet and
Figure 2 - Typical Anchor Bolt Detail
discharge and inspect internal to insure absence of rust.
Check all internal clearances. Also, at this time, remove
gearbox and bearing covers and inspect gear teeth and
bearings for rust.
When ready to connect piping, remove main flange covers
and inspect blower interior for presence of foreign particles or
dirt adhering to machined surfaces. Clean out such material
by washing carefully with a petroleum solvent then rotate
impellers manually to make sure they turn freely. Also use
the same solvent to remove the anti-rust coating from flange
faces and any other surfaces. Note: interior cleaning is not
required if no dirt is found.
FOUNDATION design depends on local soil conditions and
are recommended. The bolts must be located as accurately
several other factors and can only be discussed generally
as possible from dimensions on certified installation drawing.
here. Additional information will be found in the publication
To obtain a bolt location tolerance of 1/8" (3mm), use of
referred to at the beginning of this section. For satisfactory
drilled templates firmly secured to the foundation forms is
operation of supported equipment, a concrete foundation
recommended.
must be rigid, must have minimum defections, and must be
free from resonant frequencies in the operating speed range The bolt sleeves shown, if kept centered around the bolts
of the equipment. and free of concrete, will allow bolts to be sprung enough to
correct for small variations in bolt setting and machine drilling.
Length and width dimensions of the foundation should
The sleeves are filled in the final grouting operation. Bolt
provide at least 6 inches (150 mm) from any edge to the
positions should be adjusted vertically so that the top ends
nearest machine anchor bolt, as located from the certified
will extend at least 1-1/2 diameters above the soleplate or
manufacturer’s general arrangement drawing. Depth
taper washer, or as shown on the installation drawing.
dimension should be determined by design, but a minimum
practical depth is considered to be twice the distance Jack screws are provided to make leveling the height adjust-
between shaft centers (or gear diameter) of the unit, or ments easier. Steel plates, approximately 4" x 4" x 1/2 " (100 x
sufficient depth to attain a concrete mass a minimum of 1-1/2 100 x 13 mm) should be placed on the foundation under each
times the weight of the blower and motor. The concrete jack screw location. Plates and anchor bolts are not furnished
block should be permitted to cure for a minimum of 28 days as standard accessories.
before the blower is grouted in place. Any block distortions LEVELING is very important and should be performed with
during curing then will have little or no affect on equipment care, using a good machinists level having a ground glass
and alignment. To simplify machine leveling and provide good bubble vial. A setting as level as possible in all directions is
grouting bond, the top of the foundation should be struck-off the result to be worked toward. Blowers should be leveled
as level as possible but left with a rough surface. from drive shaft and pipe flanges. Machined baseplates
Spring-type vibration isolating mounting are not recommended have pads running in both length and width directions. On

6 | Dresser Roots
soleplates, the machined top surfaces are used for leveling. deflections can occur during shipping and installation. A
Scrape pads or surfaces clean, and remove burrs on high close coupling alignment should be obtained during leveling,
points with a flat file. so that only small final adjustments will need to be made
When blower and driver have been factory mounted on after grouting. In a soleplate type installation, the separately
a common baseplate, the assembly is to be treated as a mounted driver must be positioned, leveled and aligned as
part of the installation procedure. Whether it is on soleplates
Table 2A - Standard Anchor Bolts in Inches
or on its own base, shims of 1/16” to 1/8” (2-3 mm) thick-
For Soleplates For Baseplates ness placed directly under the driver feet before setting will
Unit
Frame Bolts Sleeves Bolts Sleeves permit more accurate final alignment. Spacing between the
Size two shaft ends as required by the coupling must also be
Dia. Lgth. I.D. Lgth. Dia. Lgth. I.D. Lgth.
1000 1 25 3 18 3/4 18 2-1/2 12 established. If a motor is being used that has end-play in the
1200 1 25 3 18 3/4 18 2-1/2 12
shaft, be sure its rotor is located on magnetic center before
setting this spacing.
1400 1-1/8 25 3 18 3/4 18 2-1/2 12
1600 1-1/8 25 3 25 1 25 3 18 When blower is driven through V-belts, the driver must
1800 1-1/4 25 3 25 1 25 3 18
be mounted on an adjustable base to permit tightening or
removing the belts. In this case the driver shaft height is of
2000 1-1/4 25 3 25 1 25 3 18
no concern, but it must be parallel to the blower shaft and
Table 2B - Standard Anchor Bolts in Centimeters level. To position the driver properly, both sheaves need to be
mounted on their shafts, and the shaft center distance must
For Soleplates For Baseplates be known.
Unit
Frame Bolts Sleeves Bolts Sleeves
Size The blower sheave, usually the larger one in diameter, must
Dia. Lgth. I.D. Lgth. Dia. Lgth. I.D. Lgth.
be of the narrow hub type. Install it so that its inner hub face
1000 2.4 64 7.5 46 2.0 46 6.5 30
is not more than 1/4” (6 mm) away from the bearing housing
1200 2.4 64 7.5 46 2.0 46 6.5 30 end cover. The driver sheave should also be mounted as
1400 3.0 64 7.5 46 2.0 46 6.5 30 close to its bearing as possible. Now position the driver so
1600 3.0 64 7.5 46 2.4 64 8.0 46 that faces of the two sheaves are accurately in line, with
1800 3.0 64 7.5 46 2.4 64 8.0 46 the adjustable base so located as to make 2/3 of its total
2000 3.0 64 7.5 46 2.4 64 8.0 46 movement available in the direction away from the blower.
This positioning provides minimum belt wear and slip, and
unit for leveling purposes. Use the jack screws to establish allows sufficient adjustment for installation and tightening of
grouting space under the base flanges, and to level the base. belts. Do not install belts until grouting has set and anchor
Adjust these screws until the indicated variation from level bolts are tightened.
does not exceed .001” per foot (.08 mm per m) in either
Blowers intended for driving by V-belts may be provided with
length or width. Any variations should all be in the same
an extended drive shaft and an additional outer bearing to
direction, to minimize twist. The maximum allowable twist
handle the side pull of the drive. They may be recognized
is considered to be .001” per horizontal foot (.08 mm per
by the extended housing for the outer bearing. If necessary,
horizontal m) measured between any two sections of the
these units may also be used for direct coupling to the driver.
base.
Blowers intended specifically for direct coupling have no
Units mounted on soleplates are to be leveled in a similar outer bearing, and may be seriously damaged if used for belt
manner. The plates should be large enough to provide exten- drive. Consult your Sales Office for approval before belting
sions for leveling in both length and width on the finished these units.
upper surfaces. Fasten the plates solidly to the blower feet,
GROUTING follows completion of leveling and preliminary
which are machined flat and parallel to each other, then install
alignment. Assuming the foundation has been properly cured,
and level the blower carefully, using jack screws, shims or
its top surface should first be roughened by chipping to
wedges for adjusting.
remove glazed areas and oil or grease removed with a strong
When a satisfactory condition of level is obtained, turn the hot detergent or caustic solution.
anchor bolt nuts down snug but not tight. Elimination of twist
Grouting serves not only to compensate for surface irregulari-
here is very important, and minor adjustments can be made
ties in the foundation and machine base but also to provide
with shims directly under the blower feet.
restraint against shifting. Anchor bolts are used
ALIGNMENT of the drive shafts when the blower unit and
for hold-down only. Therefore, the grout must be adequate
its driver are direct coupled requires careful attention. This
thickness under the soleplate or base flange, must flow into
precaution will not only help insure satisfactory coupling
anchor bolt sleeves and all interior cavities, and must have
operation, but will minimize chances for damage to either
minimum shrinkage during the setting period. By virtue of the
driving or driven unit from vibration or thrust forces.
open frame design, it is recommended that the bed¬plate
In package units with driver and blower mounted on a be filled with concrete to a level equal to the top of the main
common baseplate, the two shafts will have been put in channels. Special grouting materials designed to counteract
approximate alignment at the factory. However, baseplate shrinkage are commercially available, and are often preferred

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 7


to cement. The manufacturer’s instructions should be fol- that might shorten belt life. If equipment is not to be operated
lowed in using these materials. Care must be exercised when immediately, leave the belts slack.
employing non-shrink additives with cement, as too much Proper tensioning of the drive for operation should be done in
can be worse than none. Any gas forming or air-entraining accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations, keeping
additives should be avoided completely, since they tend to in mind that excessive tension can seriously overload shaft
reduce grout strength. bearings and also lead to premature drive failure. Under-
Wait at least 24 hours before tightening anchor bolts or tensioning can produce slippage, with consequent loss of
connecting any piping. When jack screws have been used for blower capacity in addition to belt damage.
leveling, make sure the bottom of the leveling screw is treated Make sure at this point that driver rotation is correct to
according to grout manufacturer’s instructions so that level- produce the blower shaft rotation indicated by an arrow
ing screw can be backed off. Such points of concentrated near the shaft. Blowers are not reversible, hence drive shaft
loading are likely to wear during machine operation, resulting rotation and discharge flange location are predetermined in
in loose anchor bolts. Final bolt tightening should be only manufacturing assembly. Figure 4 illustrates the assembly
enough to hold the machine firmly against the foundation and options available by specification on original order, to meet
prevent vibration. piping and drive requirements.
After all anchor bolts are secured, recheck the blower for PIPING must be clean, and should be sized so that air
twist and level. Working from the finished pad on top of the velocity in the line will not exceed 100 feet per second (30 m
cylinder, make corrections to meet the requirements specified per second). When a blower is being operated at or near its
under LEVELING by shimming under the blower feet. Then maximum volume rating, the pipe size should not be smaller
rotate the drive shaft by hand to make sure both impellers than the blower connections. Where possible, use long radius
turn freely at all positions. elbows to insure smooth flow. Design the piping layout so
When the blower is direct coupled to its driver, final alignment that no strains are placed on the blower, either from weight or
of the two shafts should be accomplished next by adjusting expansion forces. This means providing adequate supports,
the shims under the driver feet. This needs to be done with anchors, and expansion joints or loops.
the greatest possible care. Even though a flexible coupling Installation of a spool-type rubber expansion joint near the
can accept some degree of misalignment, it should not be blower inlet connection is recommended. A similar unit
forced to compensate for careless workmanship. The flexing with control elements added to minimize piping vibrations
or sliding member in a coupling will transmit undesirable may be required near the discharge. Use of SNUBBERS or
forces between the two shafts in proportion to the degree SILENCERS in the inlet or discharge piping will be dependent
of misalignment, thus promoting vibration and unnecessary on such factors as blower speed, operating pressure, length
wear problems. and kind of piping, and consideration of sound level require-
MISALIGNMENT can be of two basic types, offset and ments in the general surrounding area. For specific silencer
angular, but usually it will be a combination of both. For recommendations refer to the nearest Sales Office.
satisfactory coupling operation it is recommended that the Inlet piping should be completely free of valves or restrictions,
following limits be used: maximum deviation in offset align- but when a shut-off valve cannot be avoided, make sure a full
ment not greater than .005” (.13 mm) total indicator reading size vacuum relief valve is installed near the blower inlet con-
on the coupling hubs; maximum deviation from parallel of the nection. See Figure 5. This will protect against an overload
inside coupling faces not greater than .001” (.03 mm) when caused by accidental valve closing. Further protection can be
checked at six points. Where driver is a steam turbine, the provided by installation of a dependable pressure sensitive
final alignment should be made with the turbine at operating device with alarm or shutdown action.
temperature in order to allow for shaft movement resulting
from expansion.
A coupling that has been Factory installed as part of a pre- Approximate Screen Pressure Drop, Inches H2O
assembled package should receive the same final alignment (16 Mesh, .020" Wire Dia.)
check as outlined above. It will need to be disassembled by Pipe Diameter (Inches)
removing cover bolts, removing or drawing back the two Flow
12" 16" 20" 24" 30" 36"
cover halves, and removing the internal member. In some
2,500 3.0 1.1 0.3 0.3
cases the latter item may have been packed separately for
shipment. After necessary adjustments for alignment are 5,000 12.7 3.9 1.7 0.8
completed, lubricate the coupling with grease as specified by 10,000 15.5 6.4 3.0 1.3
its manufacturer and assemble. 15,000 14.4 7.2 2.8 1.4
A belt-driven installation should require no realignment if all 20,000 12.7 5.1 2.4
items were correctly positioned and leveled before grouting. 30,000 11.4 5.5
Belts may be installed now by adjusting driver position toward
40,000 12.3
the blower sufficiently to permit belts to be laid in their sheave
grooves easily. Do not pry or roll them into place. Before
doing this, inspect all grooves for burrs, rough spots or oil

8 | Dresser Roots
Figure 3 – Installation with Suggested Locations for Available Accessories (DVJ)

Figure 4 – Installation with Suggested Locations for Available Accessories (RGS-DVJ)

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 9


During initial operation, install a temporary corrosion resistant shown in figure 5 will be required if volume demands vary
screen at the compressor inlet connection. Screen should be while blower operates at constant speed. It may be vented
made of 16 mesh (.020” diameter) wire backed with 2 mesh if only air is being handled. A vent silencer may be required,
wire cloth. Backing cloth-wire diameter shall be a minimum depending on permissible sound levels in the general
of 0.063” diameter for 12” pipe, 0.080” diameter for 16” pipe, surroundings.
0.105” diameter for 20” pipe, and 0.120” diameter for 24” In some installations, particularly where two or more blowers
pipe. For 30” and 36” pipe use 1 mesh backing cloth with a discharge into a common header, it is recommended that a
minimum of .180” wire diameter for 36” pipe. The table below direct acting or free swinging check valve be provided in each
gives approximate screen pressure drop. A manometer discharge line. These valves, properly installed protect against
connected to read pressure drop across the screen will damage resulting from reverse rotation caused by back flow
indicate when it needs cleaning. Do not allow pressure drop through an idle blower.
to exceed 55 inches H2O. Clean and replace the screen
In making pipe connections to the blower, use special care
until debris no longer appears. Do not leave it installed
in lining up the mating flanges. They must contact squarely
permanently, as the wire will eventually deteriorate and pieces
and accurately, without imposing strain on the blower casing.
may go into the blower causing serious damage. (Typically,
Any attempt to draw flanges together by force will probably
screens are installed 1-2 days of operation.)
distort the blower and cause internal contacts. Also, the
Discharge piping requires a pressure relief valve, and should blower should not carry more than the weight of one pipe
also include a suitable pressure gauge and a manually fitting at each connection. After bolting up the flanges, rotate
operated unloading valve. The latter permits starting under the drive shaft by hand to check for rubbing contacts caused
no-load conditions. The optional back pressure regulator by strains or dirt.

Lubrication
A - SEPARATE OPPOSITE GEAR END RESERVOIRS
A simple and reliable splash lubrication system is employed in At the lower (driving) shaft the arrangement is the same as
ROOTS® blowers. All friction parts - gears, bearings and shaft described above when a short shaft for direct coupling is
seals - are lubricated either by dipping directly into oil reser- provided. Here an outboard shaft seal (23) is provided in
voirs or by receiving splash oil from other rotating parts. All the end cover (5). On V-belt driven blowers the drive shaft
reservoirs require the same grade of oil as specified in Table and bearing carrier (63) are extended and provided with and
3 for various ambient temperature ranges at the installation additional inboard bearing (60). This creates a larger reservoir
site. Reference to the appropriate assembly drawing, Figure requiring about three times as much oil to fill. Lubrication is
15, will assist in understanding of the following discussion. the same as for the shorter shaft, except that two protruding
screws (96) are provided to insure adequate splash oil for
Table 3 - Recommended Lubrication Oils bearing (60).
Ambient Viscosity Range, SSu at
Temperature 100% °F (83 °C)
At the gear end of the blower the bearings, seals and timing
gears are enclosed by a gearbox containing a double
Above 90 °F (32°C) 1000-1200
(primary and secondary) oil sump arrangement. In a vertical
32° to 90°F (0°-32°C) 700-1000
style blower the secondary sump is formed of sheet steel
0° to 32°F (-18°- 0°C) 500-700 and contoured around the bottom half of the lower gear. It is
Below 0°F (-18°C) 300-500 fed with oil at a controlled rate from the surrounding primary
sump in the gearbox itself, through a metering orifice in the
At the opposite gear end of the blower, the upper (or driven) secondary wall. The lower gear teeth pick up oil and carry
shaft bearing is lubricated from its own oil reservoir, formed it to the meshing point with the upper gear, from where it is
by the bearing carrier (6) and the deep blind end cover (5A). splashed onto oil control shields with leaders that direct the
At a normal oil level, bearing rollers dip into the oil as they oil to the two bearings. A dam at each bearing maintains
roll through the bottom of their raceway. The oil picked up the desired oil level there, with excess overflowing into the
is carried over the top by bearing rotation, and some of it gearbox primary sump. Inboard sealing of the shafts is the
transfers to the shaft behind the bearing to lubricate the same as at the drive end. In a horizontal style blower the
dynamic lip-type inboard seal (27). A slight amount of oil may gear end lubrication arrangement is identical, except that a
work through this seal, but it will be thrown off by the shaft secondary sump is formed around each gear and the total oil
slinger, and further prevented from reaching the air chamber capacity is more than doubled.
by a labyrinth type seal where the shaft passes through the Note - A good grade of industrial type non-detergent,
headpiece. The chamber between the two sealing points anti-foaming oil should be used when the average of blower
is vented to atmosphere and serves not only to drain any inlet and discharge temperature is 125°F (52°C) or lower.
seal leakage but also to keep the lubrication system at Oil should be changed after the first 100 hours of operation.
atmospheric pressure. After initial oil change, normal oil change periods under these
conditions may be considered as 2000 operating hours.

10 | Dresser Roots
Table 4 - Oil Sump Capacities
Blower Gearbox - gallons (liters) Opposite Gear End Bearings - fluid oz. (liters)
Frame
Size Vertical Horizontal Driven Shaft Drive Shaft Coupled Drive Shaft Belted

1000 ¾ (2.8) 2 (7.6) 4 (.12) 4 (.12) 12 (.36)


1200 1½ (5.7) 3½ (13) 5 (.15) 5 (.15) 16 (.47)
1400 1¾ (6.6) 4 (15) 8 (.24) 8 (.24) 28 (.83)
1600 2½ (9.5) 5¾ (22) 9 (.27) 9 (.27)
1800 3 (11) 7½ (28) 16 (.47) 16 (.47)
2000 4 (15) 9¾ (37) 19 (.56) 19 (.56)

At higher temperatures these oils may turn black and leave To obtain proper oil level in the sump, that is to the center of
carbon deposits. For average temperatures above 125°F the sight glass (90), pull out level adjuster “A” (see fig. 5) and
(52°C) it is recommended that oil with an efficient oxidation raise or lower cross-arm “B” as needed, secure “B” with lock
inhibitor be used, and that change interval be reduced. Shell “C” and drop assembly back into lower reservoir and replace
TELLUS is a suitable oil type with the required characteris- bottle. Note - Raising “B” raises oil level and lowering “B”
tics, and equivalent oils from other suppliers are assumed lowers oil level.
to be comparable in performance. Suggested oil change During operation the sump levels can be expected to
periods for the higher operating temperatures are as follows: fluctuate. At the gearbox sight window the level will rise as
Average Temp. °F (C°) Operating Hrs. a result of oil being thrown out of the secondary sump (oil
Below 150 (65) 1000 pan) into the primary sump. A satisfactory oil level is assured
as long as it is visible in the window. A blower should not be
151-160 (66-71) 500
operated when the oil is either above or below the circle on
Above average temperature of 180°F, use of synthetic oil like the sight window.
ROOTS Synfilm ST Synthetic Oil is specified.
Oil levels at the opposite gear end will fall slightly during
On the gearbox and the two opposite gear end bearings operation because of the apparent “loss” carried in the
sumps, oil levels are indicated in sight windows. All three bearings and on the shafts. To be satisfactory, the level must
sight windows are completely unobstructed circular discs, be visible in the sight glass.
and the oil level should always be in view.
During the first week of blower operation, check the oil
Approximate capacities in gallons or fluid ounces for the three level daily and watch for leaks. Replenish oil as necessary.
sump locations are given in Table 4 as a guide. Actual filling Thereafter, an occasional check should be sufficient. Drain
requirements may vary slightly from the listed figures. Select plugs (67 and 88) are provided at the bottom of gearbox and
a good industrial grade of oil per Table 3 for the existing bearing sumps.
ambient temperature conditions.
B - COMMON OPPOSITE GEAR END RESERVOIRS
Filling of the oil sump must be performed with the blower not
Some blowers are equipped with a common reservoir on the
operating, so that correct levels may be established. At the
opposite gear end. The small reservoirs are replaced with a
gearbox, remove vent plug (37) in the top and pour in slightly
large cover similar to that covering the gear end. The oil is
less oil than indicated in Table 4 for the blower size con-
transmitted to the bearings by use of a slinger plate which
cerned, or until the oil rises to the center of the sight glass.
dips into the oil. The oil is then captured and directed to the
Wait several minutes for the levels to equalize between the
bearings by oil control shields. Reference to the sectional
primary and secondary sumps, then add more oil if needed,
drawings at the back of this manual will help in understanding
or drain excess at plug (67).
this system.
The opposite gear end sumps use constant level oilers. To fill
the sumps, remove the top glass reservoir. Fill it with oil and Table 5 – Common O.G.E. Sump Capacity
place it on its holder and let the bottle empty to fill the sump. Blower Gearbox Gallon/liters O.G.E. Gallon/liters
Figure 5 Frame
Size Vertical Horizontal Vertical Horizontal
1000 3/4 (3.3) 2 (7.6) 3/4 (2.8) 2 (7.6)
1200 1-1/2 (5.7) 3-1/2 (13) 1-1/2 (5.7) 3-1/2 (13)
1400 1-3/4 (6.6) 4 (15) 1-3/4 (6.6) 4 (15)
1600 2-1/2 (9.5) 5-3/4 (22) 2-1/2 (9.5) 5-3/4 (22)
1800 3 (11) 7-1/2 (28) 3 (11) 7-1/2 (28)
2000 4 (15) 9-3/4 (37) 4 (15) 9-3/4 (37)

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 11


Operation
Before operating a blower under power for the first time, to locate any hot spots indicating impeller rubs. Continue
recheck the unit and the installation thoroughly to reduce the to listen for noises and watch for changes in vibration. If
likelihood of troubles. Use the following procedure check list all conditions are acceptable, proceed as follows:
as a guide, but consider any other special conditions in the 11. Continue operating, but gradually close the inlet unload-
installation. ing valve to establish normal operating conditions as
1. Be certain that no bolts, tools, rags or dirt have been closely as possible. It is recommended that pressure and
left in the blower air chamber. vacuum gages and good thermometers be used in both
2. Be certain that inlet piping is free of any debris. Use inlet and discharge locations to permit determination of
of the temporary protective screen at the blower inlet pressure rise and temperature rise across the blower.
as described under INSTALLATION is strongly recom- Observe the vacuum increase as the unloading valve is
mended during early operation. If an outdoor intake closed, and do not allow it to exceed the rating of the
without filter in used, be sure the opening is clean and specific blower as listed under LIMITATIONS.
protected by a strong screen. 12. All conditions being satisfactory to this point, continue
3. Check blower leveling, drive alignment, belt tension and the run for about one hour. Observe the vacuum and
tightness of all mounting bolts if installation is not recent. temperature rise periodically to make sure neither
exceeds specified limits. Continue to check for
4. Turn drive shaft over by hand to make sure impellers will
noises and hot spots, and observe oil level behavior
rotate without bumping or rubbing at any point.
at the three sumps. If trouble appears, refer to the
5. Check the blower lubrication system. Oil level should be TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST for suggested
at the center of the sight glasses. remedies.
6. Make sure driver (and gear unit if supplied) are properly The unit should now be ready for continuous duty under full
lubricated. Check that power is available and that all load. During the first several days, make periodic checks
electrical overload and safety controls installed, con- to be sure that all conditions remain reasonably steady and
nected and in operating condition. within limits. These checks may be especially important if the
7. Open the manual unloading valve in the inlet air line, unit is part of a process system where conditions may vary.
and make sure that any blocking valve in the discharge At the first opportunity, stop the blower and clean or remove
piping is open. the protective inlet screen. At the same time, verify leveling,
coupling alignment or belt tension, and anchor bolt tightness.
8. Bump blower a few revolutions with driver to check
direction of rotation and to see that both units coast Should operation of an air blower prove that its capacity is a
freely to a stop. little too high for actual requirements, a small excess may be
blown off through the manual unloading or vent valve. Never
9. Start blower, let it accelerate to full speed, then shut off.
rely on the pressure relief valve as an automatic vent.
Listen for any knocking sounds, both with power on and
Such use may cause the inlet vacuum to become excessive,
also as it slows down.
and can also result in failure of the valve itself. If blower capac-
10. If no problems have appeared, restart unit and operate ity is low, refer to TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST before
for 5 to 10 minutes under no-load conditions as para- contacting the nearest Sales Office for recommendations. Be
graph 7. Check the cylinder surfaces all over by feeling prepared to give all operating conditions and requirements.

Safety Precautions
For equipment covered specifically or indirectly in • Disconnect power before doing any work, and
this instruction book, it is important that all personnel avoid by-passing or rendering inoperative any
observe safety precautions to minimize the chances safety or protective devices.
of injury. Among many considerations, the following • If blower is operated with piping disconnected,
should particularly be noted: place a strong coarse screen over the inlet and
• Blower casing and associated piping or accesso- avoid standing in the discharge air stream.
ries may become hot enough to cause major skin • Stay clear of open inlet piping (suction area) of
burns on contact. pressure blowers, and the open discharge blast
• Internal and external rotating parts of the blower from vacuum blowers.
and driving equipment can produce serious physi- • Stay clear of the blast from pressure relief valves
cal injuries. Do not reach into any opening in the and the suction area of vacuum relief valves.
blower while it is operating, or while subject to
accidental starting. Cover external moving parts • Avoid extended exposure in close proximity to
with adequate guards. machinery which exceeds safe noise levels.

12 | Dresser Roots
• Use proper care and good procedures in handling, • Do not use air blowers on explosive or hazardous
lifting, installing, operating and maintaining the gases.
equipment. • Other potential hazards to safety may also be
• Casing pressure must not exceed 25 PSI (172 kPa) associated with operation of this equipment. All
gauge. Do not pressurize vented cavities from an personnel working in or passing through the area
external source, nor restrict the vents. should be warned by signs and trained to exercise
adequate general safety precautions.

Preventive Maintenance
1.  Daily 3.  Quarterly
A. Record the following: A. Sample lube oil or change.
1) Lube oil pressure (if applicable). B. Change oil if the following values are exceeded:
2) Lube oil temperature (if applicable). 1) Water 100 PPM maximum.
3) Blower inlet temperature. 2) Metals 200 PPM maximum.
4) Blower inlet pressure. 3) Acid 5.0 to 7.5 Mg/KOH/g maximum.
5) Blower discharge temperature. C. Increase frequency of sampling if any of the above
6) Blower discharge pressure or differential pres- values show about 20 to 25% increase over the last
sure. sample.

7) Motor amperage. D. Flush all oil reservoirs before filling with clean oil.

8) Motor voltage, if available. 4.  Annually

9) Motor stator temperature, if available. A. Remove an inlet expansion joint, inspect impellers,
measure impeller clearances and note wear patterns.
10) Motor bearing temperature, if available.
B. Check coupling alignment, inspect coupling for wear,
B. Observe any abnormalities, i.e. burned paint, unusual
and repack with fresh grease.
noises, vibration, strange odors, oil leaks, etc.
C. Inspect oil cooler tubes, as applicable.
C. Review log sheets to determine if there are any
changes from previous readings. (It is very important D. Check all protective switches for proper setpoints and
to look for any changes or trends which might indicate operation.
pending problems). E. Check V-belt drive condition and tension.
D. Check oil levels. 5. A Preventative Maintenance Schedule should be estab-
E. Record hour meter readings. lished for driver(s) and all accessories in accordance with
the applicable manufacturer’s recommendation.
2.  Monthly
A. Record bearing housing vibration levels at each
bearing in the horizontal, vertical, and axial planes. Use
velocity (in./sec.) measurements and note any changes
from previous readings. Take a complete vibration
signature (amplitude versus frequency) if any trends are
noted. (It may be helpful to keep a chart on monthly
readings.)

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 13


Troubleshooting Checklist
Trouble Item Possible Cause Remedy
No Flow 1 Speed too low Check by tachometer and compare with speed on Roots Order Acknowledgment
2 Wrong Rotation Compare actual rotation with Figure 4 or 5. Change driver if wrong.
3 Obstruction in piping Check piping, screen, valves, silencer, to assure open flow path.
Low Capacity 4 Speed too low See item 1. If belt drive, check for slippage and readjust tension.
5 Excessive pressure rise Check inlet vacuum and discharge pressure, and compare these figures with
specified operating conditions on order.
6 Obstruction in piping See item 3.
7 Excessive slip Check inside of casing for worn or eroded surfaces causing excessive clearances
Excessive Power 8 Speed too high Check speed and compare with Roots Order Acknowledgement.
9 Excessive pressure rise See item 3.
10 Impellers rubbing Inspect outside of cylinder for high temperature areas, then check for impeller
contact at these points. Look for excessive scale build-up. Correct blower
mounting, drive alignment.
Overheating of 11 Inadequate lubrication Check oil sump levels in gearhouse and drive end covers.
Bearings of Gears 12 Excessive lubrication Check oil levels. If incorrect, drain and refill with oil of recommended grade.
13 Excessive pressure rise See item 5.
14 Coupling misalignment Check carefully. Realign if questionable.
15 Excessive belt tension Readjust for correct tension.
Vibration - Refer to 16 Misalignment See item 14.
“Rotary Lobe Blower 17 Impellers rubbing See item 10.
Vibrations”
18 Worn bearings/gears Check gear backlash and condition of bearings, and replace as indicated.
19 Unbalanced or rubbing Scale or process material may build up on casing and impellers, or inside impel-
impellers lers. Remove build-up to restore original clearances and impeller balance.
20 Driver or blower loose Tighten mounting bolts securely.
21 Piping resonances Determine whether standing wave pressure pulsations are present in the piping.
Refer to Sales Office.

14 | Dresser Roots
Rotary Lobe Blower Vibrations 5. Rotor unbalance and bent shaft will generate vibrations
at 1XRPM.
The general vibration severity charts derived from Rathbone
vibration severity charts provide guidelines for machines 6. Blower/driver coupling misalignment will generate
basically having mass unbalance-turbomachinery, electric vibrations at 1XRPM and 2XRPM.
motors, etc. The German specification VDI 2056 - Criteria 7. Acoustic resonance in the blower inlet/discharge piping
for Assessing Mechanical Vibrations of Machines - provides will generate vibrations at 4XRPM.
vibration guide lines for machines with rotating masses
8. Operation of rotary lobe blower at or near system tor-
(turbomachinery) and machines having mass effects which
sionals may cause impeller lobe contact and increases
cannot be balanced (reciprocating machines), but does
vibrations.
not specifically address rotary lobe blowers (also known as
ROOTS Blowers) with inherent fluctuating dynamic bearing 9. External piping if not properly isolated will transmit
loads and torques. vibrations into the blower.

API Standard 619, Rotary Type Positive Displacement 10. Foundation design and method of mounting has
Compressors for General Refinery Services, limits the considerable effect on blower vibrations.
vibration level to 0.1 in/sec peak, which is quite ambitious. Vibration Criteria:
Based on experience, practical acceptable vibration levels 1. Units of measurement: Rotary lobe blower vibrations
lie somewhere between API 619 requirement and VDI 2056 are measured in inches/sec. Measurements of spike
allowance for group D reciprocating machines. energy is not recommended for judging blower condition
Elements Generating Vibrations in Rotary Lobe Blower: because the rotary lobe blower has inherent impacting
bearing loads.
1. Blower inherent characteristic -
2. Measurement location: Vibrations should be measured
a. Impacting bearing loads excite component/system
at the bearing locations on the housing.
natural frequencies.
The following table provides an appropriate assessment
b. Pressure pulsations set up vibrations at four times the
guideline for rotary lobe blowers rigidly mounted on the
running speed.
stiff foundations.
2. Rotary lobe blowers use very close clearances between
the impellers and the housing. The impeller contact will Unfiltered Vibrations Assessment
setup vibrations as follows: (in/sec peak)
a. Impeller to impeller frontal lobe contact - if contact is >0.62 thru 1.0 Satisfactory
between only one set of lobes, the vibration frequency
>1.0 Review Required
will be 1XRPM, if both sets of lobes contact, the
vibration frequency will be 2X RPM.
If the blower is operating at “review required” levels then the
b. Impeller to cylinder contact - the vibration frequency
installation must be fully evaluated to determine the source or
will depend on the number of impeller tips contacting
cause of vibration and the cause shall be corrected.
the cylinder which could range from one to four times
the RPM. In general, blower vibration levels should be monitored on a
regular basis and the vibration trend observed for progressive
c. Impeller to head plate contact - the vibration
or sudden change in level. If such a change occurs, the
frequency will be erratic and unsteady.
cause should be determined through spectral analysis.
3. Damaged gears will generate vibrations at mesh
The blower vibrations will be transmitted into the motor,
frequency, number of teeth times RPM.
speed reducer etc. and more so if they are mounted on the
4. Damaged bearings will generate vibrations at ball pass common blower baseplate. Allowable vibration levels into
frequency, fundamental train frequency and ball spin these accessories should be obtained from the vendors.
frequency.

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 15


Maintenance/Replacements
A good program of inspection and maintenance servicing, if Figure 6 - Gear Locking Assembly
followed consistently, is the most reliable means of prevent-
ing costly repairs to a blower. A simple record of procedures
and dates will help maintain this work on a regular schedule.
Basic requirements are lubrication and cleaning, along with
periodic checking for increased vibration and hot spots on
the cylinder. Inlet and discharge pressures and temperatures
should be observed frequently, to minimize the chances for
trouble resulting from blower ratings being exceeded. Above
all, the unit must be operated within its specifications.
In a blower properly installed and operated, there is no
moving contact between the two impellers, or between the
impellers and cylinder or headplates. Wear is then confined
to the timing gears, the bearings which support and locate
the shafts, and shaft seals. All are lubricated, and wear
should be normal if they are always supplied with clean, high
grade lubricating oil. Shaft seals, weather lip type or rotating
mechanical type, are subject to deterioration as well as wear.
They may require replacement at varying periods. O-rings
A - REMOVING GEARS WITH GEAR LOCKING
should be replaced at each disassembly.
ASSEMBLIES
If trouble should occur during operation, and its cause cannot
1. Drain oil at plug (67) near bottom of gearbox (3).
be readily determined, consult the TROUBLESHOOTING
CHECKLIST. Remedies suggested there can usually be 2. Loosen cap screws (30) attaching gearbox to headplate
performed by qualified mechanics, using procedures detailed 3. Attach lifting device to support gearbox and remove
in this manual. Major repairs not covered here are considered capscrews. Move gearbox out of way.
beyond the scope of maintenance, and should be referred
4. Match mark gears so that they can be returned to the
to the nearest Sales Office. See listing on the last page.
same shafts in same position.
Warranty failures should not be repaired at all, unless
specific approval has been obtained through a Sales Office 5. Gradually release gear locking assembly capscrews
before starting the work. Unauthorized disassembly within the evenly all round. Initially each screw should be released
warranty period may void the warranty. about a quarter of a turn only to prevent tilting and jam-
ming of collars. DO NOT REMOVE LOCKING SCREWS
Where repairs involve parts replacement, it is recommended
COMPLETELY OR THE COLLAR MAY SPRING OFF
that Factory Parts be used to insure fit and suitability. Delay
CAUSING INJURY. Just loosen the locking assembly,
in making such repairs can be reduced by having spare parts
both collars should be loose on the tapered inner rings.
on hand.
To loosen the back collar, tapping on the locking screws
When ordering parts, please furnish all information from the may be necessary. To loosen the front collar, use of
blower nameplate. wedges between the collar and the gear web may be
Repairs or adjustments to blowers should be performed by required
personnel with a good background of general mechanical 6. Using two puller holes in the gear (see Table 6 for size)
experience and the ability to follow the detailed instructions pull the gears off the shafts,
in this manual. Some operations involve extra care and a
degree of precision work. This is especially true in timing Table 6 - Puller Hole Sizes
impellers, and in handling bearings. Experience indicates Blower Size Gear Puller Hole Size Carrier Puller Hole Size
that a high percentage of bearing failure is caused by dirt
1000 1/2/13 5/8/11
contamination before or during assembly. Therefore, clean
1200 3/4/10 5/8/11
the work area before starting disassembly, and protect new
or reusable parts during progress of the work. 1400, 1600 8-Jan 3/4/10

The following detailed work procedures cover repairs and 1800, 2000 1-1/4 - 7 8-Jan
adjustments that can normally be handled successfully at the
installation site. Numbers shown in brackets ( ) correspond B - INSTALLING GEARS WITH GEAR LOCKING
to Item Numbers used in the sectional assembly drawings ASSEMBLIES
and in Table 9. Refer to the drawing applying to the type unit
1. Apply NEVERSEEZ paste on the gear locking device
being repaired while reading the instructions.
screw threads, under the screw heads, on the tapered
rings, on the collar tapers, and on the gear hub outside
diameters.

16 | Dresser Roots
2. Slide each tapered ring collar and the web clearance Figure 7 - Taper Gear Remover
holes and screw them loosely into the opposite collar.
3. Do not tighten screws at this time.
4. DEGREASE GEAR HUB BORE AND SHAFT. THE
GEARFIT MUST BE FREE OF ANY LUBRICANT.
5. Install two 12" long threaded rods (sizes are give in Table
5) in the bearing carrier puller holes. Line up the gear
puller holes with the rods and using proper nuts on the
guide rods, push the gears on flush with the shaft end.
Make sure that the gear match marks line up. Take any
3 or 4 locking screws equally spaced and snug them up.
6. Set impeller timing as described under Step 4 of
Operation C.
7. Once satisfactory timing is achieved, locking screws
are to be tightened to Table 7 values, using a calibrated
torque wrench. Tighten all locking screws gradually
and all the way around in either clockwise or counter-
clockwise sequence, but not in diametrically opposite
sequence. Tighten screws half a turn at a time. Check
and make sure that no screw will turn any more by
applying specified torque.
comes through the open hole bleed¬ing all air out. Close
Table 7 - Torque Wrench Data the top hole with 1/4 NPT solid steel plug. Crank the
Gear pump up till the gear comes off. Do not exceed 20,000
Gear Capscrew Stub Shaft PSI oil pressure. If not sure how to use the hydraulic
Frame Series Capscrew Torque Screws LB-FT removal system, contact factory.
Size-Metric Values, LB-FT (kg-M)
(kg-M) Figure 8 - Gear Remover Material - Steel, Hardness - Rc-25
1000 M8 (4.2) 30 45 (6)
1200 M8 (4.2) 30 75 (10)
1400 M10 (8.3) 53 75 (10)
1600 M10 (8.3) 60 105 (15)
1800 M12 (13.8) 100 105 (15)
2000 M16 (33.2) 240 250 (35)

10" TAPER BORE GEAR REMOVAL PROCEDURE


1. Remove the gear nut.
2. Install Gear Remover within 1/8th inch of the gear face.
This gap is necessary to unseat gear from the shaft 10" TAPER BORE GEAR INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
taper. 1. Block the impellers inside the blower using wooden
3. Apply Neverseez on 3/4-10X3” long, grade 8 capscrew blocks/wedges.
threads and under hex heads. 2. Degrease gear bore and shaft taper. THESE
4. Install capscrews through gear remover holes into the SURFACES MUST BE FREE OF OIL.
gear puller holes. 3. Screw the inside ring onto the shaft, snug it up against
5. Tighten these capscrews quarter turn at a time in either the gear by hand.
clockwise or counter-clockwise sequence, but not 4. Slide outside ring onto the inside ring.
diametrically opposite sequence, till the gear is unseated
5. Apply Neverseez on the threads and under the head of
from the taper.
the installation capscrews. Install the capscrews finger
6. If the gear does not come off using above method, use tight.
hydraulic assist feature provided in the gear in addition to
6. Install indicator on the gear outside face for measuring
the above. Hydraulic pump capable of generating about
the gear axial movement.
20,000 PSI pressure is required. Make sure all tubing
and fittings are good for 40000 PSI. The gear connec-
tions are 1/4 NPT. Hook up pump to bottom connection.
Leave top hole open. Crank the pump till some oil

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 17


Figure 9 - Taper Gear Installation C - TIMING THE IMPELLERS
1. Disconnect the piping at both inlet and discharge
flanges of the machine, moving the pipe flanges at least
far enough away for easy insertion of an arm into the
openings.
2. Use a set of feeler gauges with blades about 12” (300
mm) long for measuring clearances between the impeller
lobes. These clearances are identified as “front” and
“backs”, and are measured with the impellers in the
positions shown in Figures 12 and 13. The drive shaft
rotation indicated is counter-clockwise. For opposite
rotation, impeller positions will be reversed from that
shown in Figures 12 and 13 and the front and back iden-
tifications will be interchanged. Fronts may be defined as
the lobes that tend to contact during rotation because
of pressure load and gear tooth wear; conversely, backs
are the surfaces that tend to separate.
Figure 10 - Outside Ring Material, 3. Determine and record the total lobe clearance by
Steel, Hardness - Rc-25 min measuring the front and back clearances and adding
them. It will normally be satisfactory to take these
measurements at the mid-point of the impeller length.
Place a wedge between the gear teeth to prevent the
impellers from shifting during the measurement, making
sure that any gear tooth clearance is always taken up
in the same direction. Note that there are two front
and two back clearance positions in one complete
revolution, use minimum value of clearance found
along length of impeller for fronts and backs
throughout 90° rotation.
4. Loosen the screws on one gear (make sure collars are
loose) to permit slight adjustments of position rela tive

Figure 12 - Impeller Timing Viewed from


Standard Rotation
Figure 11 - Inside Ring Material,
Steel, Hardness - Rc-25 min

Figure 13 - Impeller Timing Viewed from


Standard Rotation
7. Tighten each screw quarter turn at a time in either
clockwise or counter-clockwise sequence, but not
diametrically opposite sequence, till the outer ring is solid
against the inside ring. THE GEAR SHOULD MOVE
.065 to .075".
8. Loosen up the installation capscrews and remove the
gear installation tooling.
9. Install gear locknut and tighten nut with a spanner
wrench.

18 | Dresser Roots
to its impeller, and set the impeller “front” clearance so Seal Installation Guide
that it is two-thirds of the total clearance found in Step 3.
Make sure that any backlash in the gears is taken up in
the direction of rotation with the lower gear driving.
5. Tighten all screws as in Step 7. OPERATION B, and
recheck front and back clearances.
D - REMOVING BEARINGS AND/OR SEALS
1. Dismantle as in Operation A.
2. Remove gear end bearing carriers (6). Bearings and shaft
seals will come out with the carriers. Discard the O-rings
(20). Impellers will now be supported by the labyrinth
seals in headplate holes.
3. Dismount drive and remove drive end cover (5) and/ or
(58), using care with seal (23).
4. Remove bearing locknuts (24) and lockwashers (25),
using a spanner wrench.
5. Remove bearing clamp plates (8).
6. Pull drive end bearing carriers with bearings and seals
as on gear end. Shims (17) under the flanges should
be kept in order and identified for replacing the same
positions. Inboard Seal Installation and Drive Shaft Seal Installation
E - REPLACING LIP SEALS
1. Check shafts for surface finish of 10-16 micro-inch (.3 to
.4 micrometers) RMS in seal contact area, and for good
condition at bearing locations. Carefully remove any
burrs or sharp corners, but do no attempt refinishing.
The seals are “Directional, Hydrodynamic”, which means
for proper sealing they are completely dependent on the
direction of the shaft rotation. In each seal kit, there are:
(2) Clockwise (CW) “Blue coated” seals for inboard seal
replacement
(2) Counter-Clockwise (CCW) “Red coated” seals for inboard
seal replacement
(1) Reversible (CW/CCW) “Green coated” seal for drive shaft
seal replacement
(1) Protective Sleeve Tool (Inboard seals)
(1) Protective Sleeve Tool (Drive shaft seal)
CAUTION: FOR SEALS TO PERFORM PROPERLY
• Use careful handling procedures so not to damage
seals during installation. Must use the installation sleeves
provided in kit as shown Under Final Assembly. Seal lips
are not very flexible and will tear or become damaged if
not installed properly.
• Shaft surface must be clean and free of scratches with a F - FINAL ASSEMBLY
finish between 10 to 20 RMS. 1. Install all bearings. Making sure they are up tight against
• Seals must stay on shipping rings until time of installa- their respective shaft shoulders. Work on gear end
tion, or the seal lips will deform over time. bearings first and press them info place by means of a
suitable length of tubing in contact only with the inner
NOTE: Proper sealing for shafts that have been repaired with
races. The impellers will be driven against the opposite
a “speedi-sleeve”. depends on the quality of the “speedi-
headplate. Then remove shims (17) from behind both
sleeve” and its installation.
drive end bearing carrier flanges and press the bearings
2. Finish the assembly as outlined in “Final Assembly”. at this end into place against their shaft shoulders.

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 19


On a belt-drive unit with extended shaft, use spacer headplate face. Insert shims (17) of correct thickness to
sleeve (62) to push inboard bearing (60) into its final fill these spaces. The original shims should be correct if
position. There is no shaft shoulder behind this bearing, bearings and carriers have been returned to the original
but there is a stop for the sleeve. Make sure that the location.
inner race flange of bearing (60) is facing outboard. 8. Remove wedges from ends of impellers inside the casing.
2. Install bearing lockwasher (25) and locknuts (24) on each 9. Tighten all bearing carrier flange screws.
shaft, and tighten nuts with a spanner wrench. Lock the
10. Recheck impeller end clearances for proper values
nuts by bending a tab on each washer into a slot in the
per tables, then remove brass shim stock from both
nut.
bearings (31).
3. Install new or original gears and set impellers as
11. Check front and back clearances of impeller lobes as
described in Operation B.
outlined in Operation C, and reset timing if not correct.
4. Place bearing clamp plate (8) over main bearing (31)
12. Reassemble the unit, starting by installing the main end
and tighten all screws. In the case of the extended type
cover (5) and then proceeding in reverse order through
drive shaft, end cover (58) serves as the clamp plate but
Operation A from Step 5. Be careful with lip seal (23) or
cannot be installed until later.
new O-ring (59) in end cover (5).
5. Using 1/2” (13mm) feeler gauges, determine for each
13. Check the work area to make sure no parts have been
of the drive end bearings (31) the maximum clearance
left out in assembly.
between the outer race and one of the rollers near the
top. Obtain pieces of brass shim stock, of thicknesses 14. Turn the drive shaft over several times by hand as final
corresponding to these clearances, about 3/4” (19mm) check for impeller contact or case rubs.
wide and long enough to reach completely through the 15. Reinstall coupling or belt sheave, check their alignment
bearings. Push one piece through each bearing, in the with driver and reconnect all external piping.
spaces between rollers, then rotate that shaft so that one
16. Start and operate unit for a reasonable period in the
roller of each row is up on the shim stock. This removes
manner outlined for initial starting. See OPERATION.
all clearances, and forces the bearing rollers and races to
center as in normal running. Refer to Figure 14. IMPELLER CLEARANCES

6. Set the impellers lengthwise in the case by using long Instructions on impeller clearances under Operation C and
pieces of shim stock, or feelers, as wedges between the Operation D do not include data on the amount of clearance
two ends of each impeller and the headplates. Using the to be expected. For blowers in good condition this informa-
total end clearance obtained in Step 8 of Operation D, tion is not essential in field service work. However, situations
the two ends of each impeller and the headplates. Using may arise where it is desirable to compare existing clearances
the total end clearance obtained in Step 8 of Operation with the correct values. Listed in Table 8 or 9 are the ranges
D, place wedges equal to two-thirds of the total at the of values used in original factory assembly. Clearances may
gear end and one-third at the drive or thrust end. It will change in service, but they should never be less than the
be necessary to bump the shafts to obtain the required minimum values listed. Only well qualified personnel should
impeller positions. Set the drive end clearance first, after attempt to measure clearances for comparison with this data.
installing and tightening drive shaft end cover (58) if used.
7. With feeler gauges, carefully measure the spaces
between the drive end bearing carrier flanges and the

Figure 14

20 | Dresser Roots
Repair Kit Information For DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhausters

REF. QTY. PART DESCRIPTION Repair Kit Part Numbers


17 1 SHIM SET REPAIR KIT NOS. REPAIR KIT NO.
SIZE
(CPLG DRIVE) (V-BELT DRIVE)
18 1 GASKET
10" RK10ACP00 RK10AVB00
19 2 GASKET SUMP (P/L)
12" RK12ACP00 RK12AVB00
20 4 O-RING B/C (PL)
14" RK14ACP00 RK14AVB00
23 1 SEAL-DR. SHAFT
16" RK16ACP00
24 2 LOCKNUT-BRG.
18" RK18ACP00
25 2 LOCKWASHER-BRG.
20" RK20ACP00
27 4 SEAL-HDPLT
31 4 BEARINGS
60 1 BEARINGS*
WHEN ORDERING CONTACT:
61 2 O-RING
Dresser Roots
81 2 GASKETS
900 West Mount Street
- 1 Set GEAR SCREWS**
Connersville, IN 47331-1675
*V-Belt kits only  **12" kits and above
Phone: 765-827-9200
Rapifax: 765-827-9309

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 21


Parts Indentification List for Figures 15, 16, 17 or 18
Item Item
Quantity Used Identification Quantity Used Identification
Number Number
1 1 Headplate - Gear End 62 1 Spacer Sleeve - Outboard Brng.
1A 1 Headplate - Drive End 63 1 Bearing Carrier - Extended Drive
2 1 Cylinder 64 2 Dowel Pin - End Cover
3 1 Gearbox 66 1 Air Vent - End Cover (Belted)
5 1 End Cover - Driving (Cplg.) 67 1 Plug - Gearbox Drain
5A 1 End Cover - Driven Shaft 69 4 Plug - Bearing Housing
6 4a Bearing Carrier 70 4 Plug - Instrument Taps
7 2 Impeller 71 2 Leveling Label
9 2 Timing Gear 72 4 Set Screw - Leveling
10 2 Timing Gear Locking Assembly 73
12 2 Stub Shaft - Gear End 74
13 1 Stub Shaft - Driving 75
14 1 Stub Shaft - Driven 76
15 77 1 or 2c Spacer Ring - Drive End Bearing
16 1 Key - Drive Sheave or Coupling 78
17 4 halves Shims – Brng. Carrier, Drive End 80
18 1 Gasket - Gearbox Flange 81 2 Gasket - Brng. Carrier, Gear End
22 Varies Capscrew - End Cover (Soc. Hd.) 82 2 Oil Dam - Gear End Bearing
23 1 Shaft Seal - Outboard 83 2 Oil Control Shield
24 2 Bearing Locknut 84 1 or 2b Oil Pan (Secondary Sump)
25 2 Bearing Lockwasher 85 4 Capscrew - Oil Pan
26 8 Lockwasher - Brng. Carrier (See 49) 86 Varies Self-Tap Screw - Oil Pan
27 4 Shaft Seal - Inboard 87 1 Gauge Oil Level - Gear End
28 2 Air Vent - Drive End 88 6 Plug - Drive end Fill & Drain
29 2 Eyebolt - Lifting 89 2 Locking Nut (See 96)
30 Varies Capscrew - Gearbox & Headplate Fig. 90 2 Gauge Oil Level - Drive End
31 4 Bearing - Roller 91
34 1 Nameplate 92 1 Lube Nameplate - Gear End
35 6 Drive Screw - Nameplate & Arrow 93 1 Lube Nameplate - Drive Enc
36 8 or 0d Dowel Pin - Flange Locating 94 Varies Manifold
37 1 Vent Plug - Gearbox 95
42 Varies Capscrew - Stub Shaft (Soc. Hd.) 96 2 Slinger Set Screw (See 89)
43 Varies Taper Pin - Stub Shaft, Gear End 100 4 or 0d Dowel Pin - Flange Locating
45 101 2 Locknut Gear
49 16 Capscrew - Brng. Carrier (See 26) 109 4 Piston Ring Seal
56 1 Rotation Arrow 110 1 or 0e Oil Shroud
58 1 End Cover - Driving (Belted) 111 1 or 0e Oil Shield
60 1 Bearing - Inboard 132 2 on IBB Trico Oiler
61 2 O-ring - End Cover

a. All units having extended shaft for belt drive, use three item 6 and one item 63.
b. Vertical style units, use one item 84. Horizontal units, require two item 84.
c. Used on sized 1000 through 1400 only.
d. Units of frame sizes 1000 through 1400 except 1442 use four item 100. Frames 1600 through 2000 and 1442 use eight item 36.
e. Vertical style units use one item 110 and one item 111. Not required on horizontal units.
f. Inboard bearing item 60 is a double row spherical type on current production units, and the cylindrical roller bearing on older units will be
replaced with the new spherical roller bearing.

22 | Dresser Roots
Figure 15 - Assembly of 10" thru 12" DVJ-V V-Belt Drive Splash Lube

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 23


24 | Dresser Roots
Figure 16 - Sectional Assembly of 10" thru 14" DVJ-V Blowers
Figure 17 - Sectional Assembly of 16 - 20 DVJ Common Lube

DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 25


26 | Dresser Roots
Figure 18 - Sectional Assembly of 1016 DVJ-V Units
DVJ WHISPAIR™ Dry Exhauster | 27
About Dresser Roots About Dresser, Inc.
Dresser Roots, a major product brand of Dresser, Inc., is Dresser, Inc. is a leader in providing highly engineered
the manufacturer of the original ROOTS™ blower, centrifugal infrastructure products for the global energy industry. The
compressors and control systems. ROOTS® air and gas company has leading positions in a broad portfolio of prod-
moving equipment is used in a wide variety of applications, ucts, including valves, actuators, meters, switches, regulators,
including MVR (Mechanical Vapor ecompression), water piping products, natural gas-fueled engines, retail fuel
and wastewater treatment, flue gas desulphurization, dispensers and associated retail point-of-sale systems, and
petrochemical and chemical processes, conveying, and air and gas handling equipment. Leading brand names within
other general industrial applications. the Dresser portfolio include Dresser Wayne® retail fueling
systems, Waukesha® natural gas-fired engines, Masoneilan®
control valves, Consolidated® pressure relief valves, and
Roots® blowers. It has manufacturing and customer service
facilities located strategically worldwide and a sales presence
in more than 150 countries.

Dresser Roots
Houston, Texas Headquarters • U.S. Toll Free Phone: 1 877-363-ROOT(S) (7668) • Direct Phone: +1 832-590-2600
Connersville, Indiana Operations • U.S. Toll Free Phone: 1 877-442-7910 • Direct Phone: +1 765-827-9285
European Operations • Phone: +44 (0) 1695 52600 • Email: roots.europe@dresser.com
USA/Canada Sales • Phone: +1 773-444-3360
Houston, Texas Factory Service • Phone: +1 713-896-4810
Mexico City Sales and Factory Service • Phone: +52 55 5889 5811
Dubai Sales and Factory Service • Phone: +971 4-8855481
Malaysia Sales • Phone: +60 3 2267 2600
China Sales • Phone: +86 10 8486 2440
Shanghai Factory Service • Phone: +86 21 5858 7638

©2010 Dresser, Inc. All rights reserved. • Printed in the U.S.A. • All information subject to
change without notice. • Roots, Wayne, Waukesha, Masoneilan and Consolidated are registered
trademarks of Dresser, Inc. • ROOTS and WHISPAIR, are trademarks of Dresser, Inc.

ILRB-3006 0810 www.dresserroots.com/