You are on page 1of 54

UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

1. What is the last process to make OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) cement?
a) Calcium sulfate

2. Gas pipe construction who will do?


a) Mechanical engineer

3. What is the range to accept compaction test for subbase?


a) 100% - 98%

4. Plastic behavior of concrete is?


a) Plastic cracks
b) Plastic settlement
c) A&B
d) None of above

5. There is a pit 100,000 m3 what is the embankment for excavation if the swell
factor is 20% and shrinkage factor is 15%?
a) 115,000 m3

6. Expansive soil below foundation, if it is need to be replaced with?


a) Well graded sand

7. What is from the following affecting the choice from batching plant or to mix at
site?
a) Price of concrete
b) Availability
c) Strength of concrete
d) All of above

8. Consider the following statements:


a) Shape factor
b) Length of the beam
c) Type of loading
d) Yield strength of material
Which of these affect the influence length of plastic hinge in beam?
Select one:

1 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 3
c) 2 and 3
d) 3 and 4

9. Line connecting the same elevation on the map knows as:


Contour line

10. Where will you use super elevation in road way/highway alignment?
Winding road (curved)

11.Simply supported beam subject to uniform distributed load trough the length, at
which points is the stress due to Flexure and Shear equal to zero selectivity?
a) Support section at natural fiber
b) Mid span section at natural fiber
c) Mid span section at to fiber
d) Support section at bottom fiber

A) 1&2
B) 2&3
C) 2&4
D) 1

12. One form the following is not part the project life cycle?
a) Concept

13.Number 34 in the term “N34” “E” is usually associated as?


a) Temporary point
b) Bearing
c) Town
d) Traverse point

14.The bearing capacity of soil is a function of?


a) Soil shear strength parameters
b) Unit weight of soil
c) Foundation dimensions

2 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

d) All of above

15.Example for sedimentary rock?


- Sand stone

16.Moister content of timber used in building frames can be?


a) >20%

17. Level of service on road is?


a) Qualitative measure of traffic flow
b) Numerical number from 1 – 5
c) Qualitative measure of traffic flow & Numerical number from 1 – 5
d) None of above

18. If you have short measuring tape the error will be (n)…error?
a) Systematic

19.Undrained shear strength of clay equals?


a) 2 confined compressive strength
b) confined compressive strength
c) ½ confined compressive strength
d) Not related to confined compressive strength

20. Critical path in project network is the?


a) Longest sequence of activities

21.What is the value of engineering?


Value engineering can be defined as an organized effort directed at analyzing designed building
features, systems, equipment, and material for the purpose of achieving essential functions at the
lowest life cycle cost consistent with required performance, quality, reliability, and safety

22.What are the project phases?


5 phases of project management
1. conception and initiation,
2. planning,
3. execution,

3 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

4. performance/monitoring, and
5. project close

23.Type of foundations?
All foundations are divided into two categories:
1. shallow foundations and – depth 1m
1. Individual footings
2. Strip footings
3. Raft or mat foundations
2. deep foundations – depth 20-60m
1. Pile foundations
a) End bearing pile
b) Friction pile

24.The higher hand in project requirements?

25.What is the difference between client and owner?


Client is a person that purchases goods or services, under the protection and engages the
professional advice / knowledge of another person/business leader.
I.e. when you employ the services of a lawyer, you are his/her client
Costumer is a person that purchases goods or services from another person or company.
I.e. when you buy milk at the supermarket, you are a supermarket customer.
Owner is the person, company or state authorities who are the real owners, and have the power to
project changes, stopped or sale

26.What is LEED?
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is an internationally recognized green
building certification system, providing third-party verification that a building or community was
designed and built using strategies aimed at improving performance across all the metrics that matter
most: energy savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions reduction, improved indoor environmental
quality, and stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts.

27.Fire-fighting components?
Fire protection in buildings, offshore construction is typically achieved via all of the following:
a) Passive fire protection - the installation of firewalls and fire rated floor assemblies to form fire
compartments intended to limit the spread of fire, high temperatures, and smoke.

4 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

b) Active fire protection - manual and automatic detection and suppression of fires, such as fire
sprinkler systems and (fire alarm) systems.
c) Education - the provision of information regarding passive and active fire protection systems to
building owners, operators, occupants, and emergency personnel so that they have a working
understanding of the intent of these systems and how they perform in the fire safety plan.

28.Glazing minimum ratio in high-rise building?


For building glazing ratio is 50% or more. High-performance, window and glazing systems are now
available that can dramatically cut energy consumption and pollution.
- can reduce energy consumption from 10%-50%
- reduce lighting and HVAC costs 10%-40%.

29.Span of over-handing ratio of roof span?

30.What is officially plan?


An official plan describes your upper, lower or single–tier municipal council's policies on how land in
your community should be used. It is prepared with input from you and others in your community and
helps to ensure that future planning and development will meet the specific needs of your community

31.What is the purpose of fast track project?


1. Fast track - start construction before the design is complete. The purpose is to shorten
the time to completion
2. Design–bid–build (D-B-B) - traditional method to project delivery

32.Non-bearing wall?
Non-load-bearing walls carry only their own weight. This type of wall is used to close in a steel or
concrete frame building.

33.What is Sill? (klupcica ili prag)


Sill is a slab of stone, wood, or metal at the foot of a window opening or doorway.
- a strong horizontal beam forming a base in the frame of a timber-framed building.
- each of the lower horizontal members of the frame of a cart or motor or rail vehicle.

34.What is lintel?
a) a horizontal support of timber, stone, concrete, or steel across the top of a door or window
b) a horizontal supporting member, installed above an opening such as a window or a door, that
serves to carry the weight of the wall above it.

5 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

35.Term of member that connect between trusses to truss?


Truss is - essentially a triangulated system of straight interconnected structural elements. The most
common use of trusses is in buildings, where support to roofs. Some benefits:
a) Long span
b) Lightweight
c) Reduced deflection (compared to plain members)
d) Opportunity to support considerable loads.

Lateral stability provided by longitudinal wind girder and vertical bracings in the gables (blue)
Longitudinal stability provided by transverse wind girder and vertical bracings (green)
36.What is type of Greek column that is shortest & studied?

6 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

Doric columns are shortes

37.Folded structure?
Are three-dimensional structures. Creating with mathematical model.

38. Which architecture type that contains pointed architecture?


Gothic architecture is the architecture of the late medieval period, characterized by use of the pointed
arch.

39. For which purpose the architecture program is running?

40. What is the first point in project definition, to achieve costumer target?
Projects are divided into 6 stages:
1. Definition-
Before a project starts the project manager must make sure the project goals, objectives,
scope, risks, issues, budget, timescale and approach have been defined
2. Initiation
3. Planning
4. Execution
5. Monitoring & Control
6. Closure

41.Delay in contract due to late legal or permission?

7 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

42.ABET is…?
a) Engineering firm
Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc., is a non-governmental organization that
accredits post-secondary education programs in "applied science, computing, engineering

BFFS is.
Basic Free Slow Speed Estimate

43. Dimension of common bedrooms’ door size?

44.Brick to concrete block?

45.Simple beam has les performance compared with continuous beam because of:
a) It has more deflection

46. Who is designer of Alsharq Village at Doha:


a) Ibrahim Aldosary
b) Rasem Badran
c) Jan Novel

47.In skeleton buildings, the main function of beams is to:


a) Collect loads from slab and transfer it to columns

48.Wheel color includes:


a) 12 color

49. Which of the following columns has no base?


a) Doric

50.Engineering discipline between planning, architecture involved with spacing


between buildings, and not buildings individual design?
a) City planning
b) Urban design

8 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

51. The high of the minarets of Ottoman arch mosque?


a) 20m
b) 40m
c) 70m

52.Natural foundation strength, when it is compares by concrete foundation?


a) More strength then concrete
b) The same strength then concrete
c) Less strength then concrete

53. Water falls villa, one of the famous works of Frank Lloyd Wright, its structural concept is?
a) Cantilever

54.What is definition of the Pile Cap?


A Pile Cap is a reinforced concrete structure, which allows the load from a column to be equally
shared between s group of pile.

55. Which of the following can be considered as a landmark in Qatar?


a) Sheraton hotel

56.Eiffel Tower is constructed from?


a) Iron

9 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

b) Stainless steel

57.Concrete is made of:


a) 1 cement – 3 sand – 6 water

58. Height of Aspire tower:


a) 300 m

59.A beam is having deflection, how to repair this deflection:


a) Adding steel reinforcement
b) Increasing depth of the beam
60.A footing is getting shear load more than the original calculations, the design
must:
a) Increase the plan dimension

61.Stone walls installation problems that may lead to cracks and failure:
a) Mortar erosion
b) Lack of tie joints
c) …. between different courses
d) All the above

62.Function of ground foundation:


a) Carry all live and dead loads

63. City block is defined as:


a) Minimum urban unit surrounding by public spaces
b) Minimum urban unit surrounding by parking slots
c) Minimum urban unit surrounding by parks
d) Maximum rural unit

64. Population density is:


a) Population /Area

65. A discipline between planning and architecture that deals with spaces between
buildings without dealing with the architecture of the buildings:
a) Urban design

10 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

b) City planning

66. The interdisciplinary nature of engineering affects specialization, accordingly:


a) All engineers must be specialized in all disciplines
b) All engineers must be aware of general knowledge about all disciplines without specialization
c) Specialized engineers must be aware of general knowledge about other disciplines

67. Sinan is an architect from:


a) Ottoman period

68. Construction starts:


a) After getting the authority approvals

69.The site must be clear:


a) After end of construction

70.Cut & Fill for road works are calculated based on:
a) Cross section

71.When a concrete beam is designed as doubly reinforced beam:


a) High bending moment
b) Limitation of beam depth

Note: If a beam cross section is limited because of architect or other considerations, it may happen
that concrete cannot develop the compression force required to resist the given bending moment; in
this case, reinforcing steel bars are added in compression zone, resulting in a so-called doubly
reinforced beam. Another reason for placing reinforcement in the compression zone is that when
beams span more than two supports (continuous construction), both positive and negative moments
will exist.

72.While lifting a precast slab, where the highest shear may happen?
a) At edges (slab ends)

73.What is hydration?
a) hydration is a chemical reaction in which a substance combines with water

11 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

74.A foundation to be constructed on a weak soil, what measures should be taken?


a) Replace soil with single size sand

75.Which type of rollers to be used for sand compaction?


a) Roller with vibrator

76.Land to be surveyed, which method to be used?


a) Geodesic

77.Steel strength?
a) 400 MP-a

78.What is density for reinforcement concrete?


a) 2400 kg/m3
And 2200 kg/m3 for normal concrete

79.QSAS is…?
Qatar Sustainability Assessment System. This is a green building certification system developed for
the State of Qatar.
Global Sustainability Assessment System (GSAS), formerly known as the Qatar Sustainability
Assessment System (QSAS). The assessment criterion takes into consideration various categories
related to sustainable development and its impact on environmental stress mitigation.
QSAS is assessed on the following eight categories; urban connectivity, site, energy, water, indoor
environment, materials, management and operations and cultural – economic values

80.Reinforcing steel bars of T10@10cm spacing to be replaced by T12, calculate


the new required spacing?
a) New spacing=Old spacing x (New steel diameter)2 / (Old steel diameter)2
= 10 x (12)2 / (10)2 =14.4mm

81.Increment of W/C ratio (water / cement) will lead to:


a) Reduce the strength of concrete
a) Mmax = QL2 / 8

12 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

82.Required CPI value for a project is 1.02, where actual value is 0.95. What does it
indicate?
Actual Cost Performance Indicator (CPI) is less than planned, which means that project actual cost is
more than budget cost due to misuse of project resources.

83.Scale on drawing is 1:62500, what is the actual value for a distance measured
on drawing of 7.25”?
7.25” x 62500 x 1ft/12” x 1yard/3ft x 1 mile/1760 yard=7.15 miles

84.What is the cement type used for concrete exposed to soil?


Type II: Moderated sulphate resistance
*for severe sulphate attack (soil with high sulphate content), type V should be used (High sulphate resistance)

85.CPM used to:


Calculate longest duration

86.WBS – OBS relationship?


The OBS displays organizational relationship and them uses them for assigning work to resources in a
project.
WBS - is a deliverable-oriented decomposition of a project into smaller components
OBS - is an intermediate level of a different chart. OBS displays organizational relationships and then
uses them for assigning work to resources in a project.
Like its originator, the OBS allows complex projects to be broken down, providing a more organized
representation of the work to be completed. While the WBS is used to define the project during early
stages its cycle, the OBS provides an organizational structure for the project as it moves to
completion. The hierarchical nature of the Organizational Breakdown Structure allows for the
appropriate resources and responsibilities to be assigned.

87.If a project has CPI value of 0.91 and SPI value of 1.01, what does it mean?
It means that project is ahead on schedule (time wise), but is losing (cost wise)-over budget
CPI - cost performance index, SPI – schedule performance index

88.If contractor failed in delivering the project, what will be the consequences?
Liquidating of the performance bond.

13 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

89.In pert analysis, activity is represented by?


Arrow
PERT - Program (or project) Evaluation and Review Technique. Is a statistical tool, used in project management,
which was designed to analyze and represent the tasks involved in completing a given project. First developed
by the United States Navy in the 1950s, it is commonly used in conjunction with the critical path method (CPM).

90.Concrete durability depends on (related to) _____and_____?


Temperature, Moisture, Physical factors, Chemical factors, Biological factors

91.AASHTO is …?
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

92.When a bid awarded to a contractor, the client will ask the contractor to submit
additional documents?

93.When design reinforced concrete, the concrete: (related to concrete under which
type of stress)

94.An arch with start point of bearing1=30o 15i, bearing 2=35o10I and radius
r=200m. Calculate the arch length?
Arch angle = 35o10I - 30o 15i =4o 55i
Arch length = Θ*π*r/180=17.16m

95.What is the value of water molar mass?


a) 18g/mol

96.Timber beam properties (why timber could be used in construction as structural


member)?
According Euro Code 5, Timber construction can be design to base on limit state design

100. Station PI =90m, calculate station PC?


PC=PI-T
=18259.025-90

14 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

=18,169.025=18+169.025

101. For simply supported beam, stresses due to flexural & shear are zero at:
Support, bottom fibre

102. Pure bending (question related to strength of materials)?


- is a condition of stress where a bending moment is applied to a beam without presence of axial,
shear, or torsional forces. Pure bending occurs only under a constant bending moment

103. What is proctor test is used for?


To obtain maximum dry density (MDD) for backfilling material.

104. In concrete mix design, which of the following is not required?


a) Workability
b) W/C
c) Compressive strength
d) Initial setting time

105. Forward pass in project management is used to calculate:


Longest duration of project

106. One of the following is not acceptable reason of delay or non-performance of


the work:
a) Frustration of object
b) Death of party
c) Destruction of deliverable
d) Strike of labours

107. Acceptable laying temperature of asphalt:


a) 135 – 175O C

108. Highway design:


a) Traffic volume

15 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

109. Ultrasonic pulse test is:


a) Destructive test
b) Non-destructive test
c) Use to obtain maximum strength of concrete
d) B & C
An ultrasonic pulse velocity test is an in-situ, nondestructive test to check the quality of concrete and
natural rocks. In this test, the strength and quality of concrete or rock is assessed by measuring the
velocity of an ultrasonic pulse passing through a concrete structure or natural rock formation. This test
is conducted by passing a pulse of ultrasonic wave through concrete to be tested and measuring the
time taken by pulse to get through the structure. Higher velocities indicate good quality and continuity
of the material, while slower velocities may indicate concrete with many cracks or voids.

110. Time cost analysis is related to:


a) Difference between actual cost and crashed cost / Normal time
b) Difference between actual cost and crashed cost / Crashed time
c) Difference between actual cost and crashed cost / NT+CT

111. Lowest level in WBS:


a) Deliverable

112. Fiber saturation happens when:


a) No free water in cells walls

113. How many layers of concrete are performed while carrying out a concrete
slump test?
a) 3 layers

114. Main cause to reduce concrete durability?


a) Corrosion of reinforcement
b) Sulphate and ground water
c) Fire
d) All of above

16 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

115. Why concrete needs to be cured?


a) To keep water retained in concrete to complete reaction & develop full strength
b) To dehydrate

116. Archimedes principle for buoyancy is based on:


a) Area
b) Moment of inertia
c) Intensity of water
d) Weight

117. Load carrying and deflection design is known for:


a) Euler – Bernoulli

118. Richter scale used to measure:


a) Seismic energy

119. Using concordant cable in pre stressed concrete for beams will reduce:
a) Deflection of beam

120. Choose right answer:


a) The higher the cement content the higher strength of concrete
b) Cracks in concrete are due to high water content

121. Strength of concrete:


a) Crushing strength
b) Vibration
c) Size of aggregate
d) Workability
e) All of above

122. Measurement in drawing near to 100ft is:


a) 1 : 1000

17 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

123. Line connecting the same elevation on the drawing known as:
a) Contour line

124. What is the reaction in the ceiling fan?


a) Tension

125. What is the meaning of Fast track project?


a) Project include Design + Build
b) Project starts before design completes

126. What is the benefit of design+bid+build type project?


a) Duration+cost of the project known
b) Avoid contact between tenderers
c) All above

127. Air entraining in the concrete caused?


The primary purpose of air entrainment is to increase the durability of the hardened concrete,
especially in climates subject, the secondary purpose is to increase workability of the concrete while
in a plastic state

128. One of the below is not characteristic of the project?


a) Design
b) Complex activities
c) Internal use
d) Never done before

129. For extracting rock samples of good quality, we use?


a) Standard split spoon samples

130. Limit method for design concrete beams is considered:


a) Smallest area of concrete with smallest area of reinforcement

131. The factors that govern the workability of fresh concrete are:
a) The quantities of cement paste and aggregate relative
b) The plasticity of the paste itself

18 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

c) The grading of aggregate


d) The shape and surface characteristic of the aggregate
e) All of above

132. Admixture added to concrete for:


a) Increase the concrete strength
b) Increase the initial setting of concrete
c) Manage the workability of concrete
d) Decrease the water content
e) B and C
f) A and B

133. During the project, your order can be changed to:


a) Owner change the requirement

134. The most element effect in QSAS is:


a) Environment

135. This question is regarding the deflection of car speed 60mile/h when it reaches
the Roundabout:
a) 150 feet

136. Undrained shear strength for clay:


a) Unconfined compressive strength of clay
b) 2x Unconfined compressive strength of clay
c) Not related to unconfined compressive strength of clay

137. For very dense sand, STP (N) value:


The Standard Penetration test (SPT) is a common in situ testing method used to determine the
geotechnical engineering properties of subsurface soils. It is a simple and inexpensive test to estimate
the relative density of soils and approximate shear strength parameters.
a) 0-20
b) 25-42
c) More than 100

19 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

138. Concrete cubes are usually tested at:


a) 28 days

139. QCS stand for:


Qatar Construction specification

140. QSAS stand for:


Qatar Sustainability Assessment System

141. The following is very critical to structures:


a) Differential settlement

142. Plastic behaviour of concrete:


a) Shrinkage cracks
b) Settlement
c) A & B

143. Why steel bars are used as concrete reinforcement:


a) Strength an low price

144. Level of service is demonstrated as:


a) 1-5
b) Qualitative Analysis
c) A & B

Level of service (LOS) is a qualitative measure used to relate the quality of traffic service. LOS is used
to analyze highways by categorizing traffic flow and assigning quality levels of traffic based on
performance measure like speed, density, etc.

145. Factor affecting bearing capacity while design of foundation:


a) Shear
b) Specific weight of soil
c) Dimension of foundation
d) All of above

20 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

146. Cause of corrosion:


a) Availability of water and moisture

147. If $1,000,000 deposited, what will be the total amount after 5 years accumulated on monthly
basis with annual rate of return of 9%:
a) $ 1,565,681
b) $ 1,538,623
c) ……………….
Solution:
Present value or deposit (P) = $ 1,000,000
Interest rate (i)=0.09/12=0.0075 (monthly) - interest rate is required to be calculated on monthly basis
Duration (n) =5x12=60 months – duration also as monthly
Future value (F) =?
F=P (1+i) n=$ 1,000,000(1+0.0075)60=$ 1,565,681

148. Backfilling of utility trenches, each layer should be maximum as per QCS:
a) 150mm (QCS-selection 12-part4-4.1.4)

149. WBS (Work Breakdown Structure):


- is first thing to be done after project definition, it is graphical presentation of the whole project
- WBS organizes and define total scope of the project
- does not show activity sequence

150. CPM (Critical Path Method):


a) Estimate the activity duration

151. 2-way slab sides lifting caused by:


a) Torsion

152. Top of WBS:


a) The project
b) Deliverables

153. High W/C (water/cement) ratio leads to:


a) Reduce strength

21 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

154. Safe design of long piles in rock based on:


a) Strength of rock

155. Timber imported factor to be used as a beam member:


a) Strength

156. Clayesh!
a) Good for usage in road
b) Bad for usage in road

157. Weaving length in roads:


a) Change of position in interchanges
b) Change of speed

158. Which will be placed lowest in the tranches?


a) Drainage pipes
b) Water pipes
c) Electricity cable

159. If T-beam is supported as continuous beam, then the middle beam must be
designed as:
a) Simply supported
b) Rectangular section
c) T-beam
d) Flange

160. Modulus of Elasticity of a mass of rock compared to rock substance is:


a) Equivalent to …
b) Higher than …
c) Lower than …

161. Arrange the following activities as to be performed at site:


Pouring concrete, formwork erection, formwork removal, concrete curing
Answer: formwork erection, pouring concrete, concrete curing, formwork removal

22 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

163. The amount of time that a schedule activity can be delayed without delaying the early start date of
any immediately scheduling activities is:
a) Free float

164. Asghal is:


a) Public Work Authority (it is not a ministry)

165. An activity that determines the start date or finish date of next activity based on
a logical relationship is:
a) Predecessor activity

166. What is the most important factor (which is before capacity):


a) Safety

167. Uplifting of slab on grade will happen because of:


a) Differences of shear at the slab ends
b) Soil resistance

168. What is the most important factor for project end state?
a) Accomplishing project within time frame

169. What are the best dimensions for an isolated footing with a known area of
2.25m2 if column dimensions on footing are 0.8m x 0.25m?
a) 1.80m x 1.25m
0.80m

170. The following network activity means:

3 days

A B

a) Activity B starts immediately after 3 days of activity A starts

23 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

171. Calculate the rotation of member AB: 4


a) 0.0378 deg 25
b) 0.02601 rad
c) 0.00046 rad
4
d) Zero
4
172. The diagram represents:
a) Shear
b) Moment
c) Deflection

173. Qatar Buildings and Regulations


Buildings
1. The Museum of Islamic Art is a museum located in the Qatari capital Doha and designed by
architect I. M. Pei
2. Aspire Tower – The Torch, Doha, is a 300m‐tall skyscraper hotel located in the Aspire Zone,
Designed by architect Hadi Simaan and AREP and structural engineer Ove Arup and Partners,
currently the tallest structure and building in Doha and Qatar
3. The Burj Qatar is a skyscraper in West Bay, Doha, Qatar, designed by French architect Jean
Nouvel, has a height of 232m
Regulations
1. Stage 1: Design Control Stage 1 Approval - general overviews and strategies-DC1
2. Stage 2: Design Control Stage 2 Approval - design develops for final approval-DC2
3. Stage 3: Building Permit – after DC2 approved, process usually takes at least 90 days

174. Suinstability, according to new researches, is considered for building CO2


emission as:
a) 25%
b) 45%
c) 75%

175. Engineering is using:


a) Knowledge of Science & Mathematics

24 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

b) Lows of nature

176. What is the meaning of POE:


Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) has its origins in the United States.
POE is process of evaluating buildings in a systematic and rigorous manner after they have been built
and occupied for some time.
POE provides feedback of how successful the workplace is in supporting the occupying organization
and individual end‐user requirements.

177. The proper ratio for stairs (2 raises+run):


a) 60‐62.5 cm
b) 50‐60 cm
c) 65‐70 cm

178. What is an optimal slope in the garden?


a) 8% (to be double checked)

25 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

179. Type of slabs

180. The strength for the nature foundation shall be:


a. Stronger than the pressure from the building

26 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

b. Lower than the pressure from the building


c. Equal pressure

181. What is rentable system for the span over 50m?


a. Steel structure
b. Slab concrete
c. Space frame (Ramovske konstrukcije)

182. What is the function of the cement in the concrete?


To connect non adhesive components

183. Curtain wall?


System an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non‐ structural. A curtain wall is
designed to resist air and water infiltration. Curtain wall systems are typically designed with extruded
aluminum members. When glass is used as the curtain wall, a great advantage is that natural light can
penetrate deeper within the building.
Design requirements:
1. thermal expansion and contraction;
2. building sway and movement;
3. water diversion;
4. thermal efficiency for cost‐ effective heating, cooling,
5. lighting in the building.

184. In case of designing column and footing and in case of shear (poprečne sile) existing
following measure should be taken:
a) Enlarge footing
b) Increase steel
c) Increase thickness

185. In case of digging next to a wall how to protect it with?


a) wall

186. What is the main structural difference between cable and tent structure:
a) Tent is a surface structure but, cable is frame structure also both are tensioned

187. Disadvantage for simple beam than continues once?


a) More deflecting

27 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

188. Function of ground footing:


a) Surround all the built area
b) Resist the imposed loads and dead loads
c) Resist different soil impact
d) The last two?

189. Beams in skeleton buildings depend on:


a) Transfer loads from slab to columns:

190. To start construction what is the name of the underwater tight chamber:
a) Caisson or Air-lock

191. Project control:


Series of processes and steps that a project manager in cooperation with other management staff
carries out to control the project:
a) terms of progress,
b) quality,
c) changes,
d) products,
e) commitments
f) and other critical concerns
The ultimate purpose of project control is to manage work during each stage and to prepare the project
for the next stage.

28 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

Project control achieving defined objectives and expectations within a predetermined timetable, with
three high‐ level processes:
a) setting standards
b) measuring performance
c) taking corrections
Each of the processes can be divided into smaller steps and tasks:
a) Hold meetings - every meeting starts with an agenda
b) Perform quality control – starts when a project started until to the end of project
c) Track work progress - ensure that project work is being done as scheduled
d) Respond to changes - by effectively responding to changes PM is able to ensure that the
scope, schedule and cost remain relevant to current situation
e) Manage issues - takes a steps to identify issues, assess their impact, develop solution actions,
take those actions and track progress on issues

192. Project Engineer is involved in the project during:


a. Stays till project ends

193. The difference between project and operation?


Project is unique and having beginning and the end. Operation is repetitive.

194. Stakeholder?
A party that has an interest in an enterprise or project. The primary stakeholders in a typical
corporation are its investors, employees, customers and suppliers.

195. Project charter


Describes what your project is, and how you will approach it, and it lists the names of all
stakeholders.

197. On relation to the use of air-entraining agents in concrete, which of the


following statements are true?
a. Improve the workability
b. Improving long-term durability
c. Makes a less dense mixture
d. all the above are true

198. Right or false? What factors influence the compressive strength of concrete?
a. Resistance is inversely proportional to the water-cement ratio

29 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

b. The resistance is proportional to the cement content


c. Cracks on the surface due to excessive water content
d. All others are true.

199. If a work, if the property decides to make a change in scope, what is the procedure to do?
a. Change order
b. Modification

200. For why steel is preferred as reinforcement in concrete?


a. Because it is inexpensive and resistant
b. Because it is easily accessible
c. Because it adheres well to concrete
d. Because it has the same coefficient of expansion of the concrete.

201. What is a logical sequence of activities?


a. 1,2,3,4
b. 3,2,4,1
c. 2,4,3,1

202. Problem: "If in a plane I measure 7 ¼ " "(inches) and is 1/62.500 scale, what is
the distance between the two points in miles?
Answer: 7, 25 miles

203. On Work breakdown structure relative to project which of the following statements are false?
a. Breaks up the project in a " top-down "
b. It breaks down the draft as "down -top "
c. Used to handle large projects.

204. What of the following statements are false for a Work package?
a. It should set deadlines "definitive "

205. What is the SPT for dense sand?


Options: 0-20 / 20-40 / > 100.
Answer: 20-40

206. How to calculate a continuous T beam?


a. Supported at various points
b. Simply supported

30 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

c. Flanged section
d. Rectangular section

207. What is Degree of curve?


100 feet chord angle

208. In a beam which points of stress due to the time and bearing is equal to 0?
a. In the neutral center
b. In the top center fiber light
c. At lower fiber support
d. In the neutral light support

209. Relearn the gap: The immediate _______are Necessary to Develop the
Following tasks in a breaking down of a project.
a. Critical activities
b. predecessor activities
c. successor activities
d. Burst activities
e. None of the above is correct
Answer: Predecessor activities.

210. What is the perception and reaction time for calculating the sight distance?
a. 1 second
b. 2.5 s
c. 3.5 s
d. None of the above

211. For how cross sections are used?


Answer: for cut and fill quantities.

31 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

212. Problem influence lines. Vocabulary: shear stress.

214. Lacing system. Doubt: Is an articulated structure?


215. Problem of a cross section of concrete. What is the moment of resistance?
The moment of resistance of the concrete section is the moment of couple formed by the total tensile
force (T) in the steel acting at the center of gravity of reinforcement and the total compressive force
(C) in the concrete acting at the center of gravity of the compressive stress diagram.

216. Pick up the correct statement from the following:


A. The theory of formation of concrete is based on the phenomena of formation of voids
B. The bulking of sand is taken into account while volumetric proportioning of the aggregates
C.The dry sand and the sand completely flooded with water, have practically the same volume
D.The expansion and contraction joints are provided if concrete structures exceed 12 m in length
E. All the above

217. Initial setting time of cement for asbestos cement products should be not less
than
a) 90 minutes

218. Pick up the correct statement regarding low heat cement from the following:
a. a. It possesses less compressive strength
b. b. Its initial setting time is about one hour
c. c. Its final setting time is about 10 hours
d. d. Its mainly used for mass concrete work

32 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

e. e. All the above

219. Name the type of cement from the following for canal linings:
a. sulphate resisting cement
b. rapid hardening cement
c. quick setting cement
d. pozzuolana cement
f.
220. If water required for 1 bag of cement is 30 liters, the water cement ratio is :
A. 0.40
B. 0.50
C.0.60
D.None of these

221. The weight of 1 m3 of brick earth, is about


A. 1800 kg

222. Mastic asphalt is normally used for


a) water proofing

223. Strength of cement concrete primarily depends upon


a) water-cement ratio

224. Soundness of cement is tested by


- Le-chatelier apparatus

225. Slump test for concrete is carried out, to determine


- workability

226. In case of Raymond pile


A. lengths vary from 6 m to 12 m
B. diameter of top of piles varies from 40 cm to 60 cm
C.diameter of pile at bottom varies from 20 cm to 28 cm
D.thickness of outer shell depends upon pile diameter
E. all the above

33 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

227. The foundations are placed below ground level, to increase


- stability of structure

228. The loose pockets in soil mass can be bridged safely by providing a raft
foundation provided the soft area is smaller than
A. the column spacing
B. one-third the column spacing
C.half the column spacing
D.three-fourth the column spacing
E. none of these

229. The concrete slump recommended for beams and slabs is


a. 30 to 125 mm

230. The entrained concrete is used in lining walls and roofs for making
a. heat insulated
b. sound insulated
c. neither (a) nor (b)
d. both (a) and (b)

231. For providing a raft foundation, the following activities are involved
a. ramming the foundation bed
b. excavation of the soil up to required depth
c. laying the reinforcement over the foundation bed
d. curing the cement concrete placed over reinforcement
e. pouring the cement concrete over the reinforcement

232. Raft foundation are generally preferred to when the area required for individual
footing, is more than
- 50% of total area

233. Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:


- to drain off water from the earth retained, weep holes are provided near the top of the retaining wall

34 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

234. The process of keeping concrete moist for a certain period after its finishing, is
known as
- curing of concrete

235. Raft foundations are used for:


A. providing increased area of foundation over poor bearing capacity of soil
B. spanning over small soft or loose pockets
C.counter acting the hydrostatic effect
D.all the above

236. The foundation which consists of a thick reinforced cement slab covering whole
area to support heavy concentrated structural loads, is known as
- raft footing

237. For a wall carrying heavy load on low bearing capacity soil,
A. lean concrete bed is provided
B. thick concrete bed is provided
C.reinforced concrete bed is provided
D.(a) and (c) of the above
E. (b) and (c) of the above.

238. The bearing capacity of a water logged soil, may be improved by


- drainage

239. Two columns 50 cm x 50 cm and 60 cm x 60 cm carry 80 tones and 120 tones


of loads respectively. The center to center distance between columns is 5.00
meters. The permissible bearing capacity of the soil is 20t/m2. If the footing is not
to project more than 25 cm beyond the outside of the smaller column, pick up the
correct design parameters of the footing from the following:
A. distance of C.G. of the loads from the smaller column = 3.00 m
B. the length of the foundation slab = 7.00 m
C.area of footing slab = 11.00 m2
D.width of the footing = 1.57 m.
E. all the above

240. The formwork including the props can be removed from beams, only after

35 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

241. The concrete slump recommended for foundations, is


a) 50 to 100mm

242. The construction joints in buildings are provided after


- 40m

243. Pick up the correct statements from the following:


A. cracks appear on the plastered surface in the form of hair cracks
B. in brick work, the efflorescence is removed by applying a solution of zinc sulphate and water
C.excessive thermal variations in the backing or plaster causes the plaster to fall
D.all the above

244. Pick up the correct statement from the following:


A. Plain cement concrete is equally strong in compression as well as in tension
B. Slump test is performed to check concrete strength
C.Curing of concrete is done for proper compaction of cement
Fineness modulus is the index number expressing the relative sizes of both coarse and fine
D.
aggregates
E. Concrete is a mixture of binding material, coarse aggregate and water.

245. Pick up the correct statement from the following:


A. Isolated footing is provided under column to transfer the load safely to soil bed
B. column footings may have steps or projections in the concrete base
C.heavily loaded column base must be provided steel reinforcement in both directions
D.the concrete offset should be at least 15 cm on all sides
E. all the above

246. If h is the difference in level between end points separated by l, then the slope
correction is

. The second term may be neglected if the value of h in a 20 m distance is less than
A.
m
B. 1 m
C.2 m

36 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

D.3 m

247. The accuracy of measurement in chain surveying, does not depend upon
A. length of the offset
B. scale of the plotting
C.importance of the features
D.general layout of the chain lines

248. Offsets are measured with an accuracy of 1 in 40. If the point on the paper
from both sources of error (due to angular and measurement errors) is not to
exceed 0.05 cm on a scale of 1 cm = 20 m, the maximum length of offset should be
limited to
A. 14.14
B. 28.28 m
C.200 m
D.none of these.

249. Ranging in chain survey means


A.looking at an isolated point not on the line
B.establishing an intermediate point on the line
C.determining the distance between end points

250. The operation of resection involves the following steps


1. rough orientation of the plane table
2. the three lines form a triangle of error
3. drawing lines back through the three control points
4. select a point in the triangle of error such that each ray is equally rotated either clockwise or
anti clockwise
5. the points obtained by three rays is the correct location
The correct sequence is

A. 1, 3, 2, 4, 5
B. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
C.1, 4, 3, 2, 5
D.1, 3, 2, 4, 5

37 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

251. If the length of a transition curve to be introduced between a straight and a


circular curve of radius 500 m is 90 m, the maximum perpendicular offset for the
transition curve, is
A. 0.70 m
B. 1.70 m
C.2.70 m
D.3.70 m
E. 4.70 m

252. For quality control of Portland cement, the test essentially done is
A. setting time
B. soundness
C.tensile strength
D.consistency
E. all the above

253. If 1500 g of water is required to have a cement paste 1875 g of normal


consistency, the percentage of water is
A.20% B. 25%
C.30% D.35%
E. 40%

254. Hydration of cement is due to chemical action of water with


A. Tricalcium silicate and dicalcium silicate
B. Dicalcium silicate and tricalcium aluminate
C.Tricalcium aluminate and tricalcium alumino ferrite
D.All the above

255. Curing
A. reduces the shrinkage of concrete
B. preserves the properties of concrete
C.prevents the loss of water by evaporation
D.all of the above

256. Curing a concrete for long period ensures better


A. volume stability
B. strength

38 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

C.water resistance
D.water tightness and durability
E. all the above

257. Pick up the correct statement from the following:


A. Insufficient quantity of water makes the concrete mix harsh
B. Insufficient quantity of water makes the concrete unworkable
C.Excess quantity of water makes the concrete segregated
D.Excess quantity of water causes bleeding in concrete
E. All the above

258. Workability of concrete is measured by


Slump test

259. Shrinkage in concrete can be reduced by using


A. low water cement ratio
B. less cement in the concrete
C.proper concrete mix
D.presaturated aggregates
E. all the above

260. A construction joint is provided where


A. bending moment is small
B. shear force is small
C.the member is supported by other member
D.all the above

261. Pick up the correct statement from the following


According to the petrologic characteristics, concrete aggregates are classified as heavy weight,
A.
normal weight and light weight
According to the shape of the particles, concrete aggregates are classified as rounded irregular,
B.
angular and flaky
According to the surface texture of the particles, the concrete aggregates are classified as glassy,
C.
smooth, granular, rough, crystalline, honey combed and porous
D.All the above

262. Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:


A. The degree of grinding of cement, is called fineness

39 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

B. The process of changing cement paste into hard mass, is known as setting of cement
The phenomenon by virtue of which cement does not allow transmission of sound, is known as
C.
soundness of cement
D.The heat generated during chemical reaction of cement with water, is known as heat of hydration
E. None of these.

263. Permissible compressive strength of M 150 concrete grade is


A. 100 kg/cm2
B. 150 kg/cm2
C.200 kg/cm2
D.250 kg/cm2
E. 300 kg/cm2

264. Slump test of concrete is a measure of its


- Consistency
- ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) explain how the slump test should be done

265. Water cement ratio is


A. volume of water to that of cement
B. weight of water to that of cement
C.weight of concrete to that of water
D.volume of concrete to that of water
E. both (a) and (b) of the above

266. Separation of water or water sand cement from a freshly concrete, is known
a) bleeding

267. According to Water-Cement Ratio Law, the strength of workable plastic


concrete
A. depends upon the amount of water used in the mix
B. does not depend upon the quality of cement mixed with aggregates
C.does not depend upon the quantity of cement mixed with aggregates
D.all the above

268. High temperature


- decreases the strength of concrete

40 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

269. Allowable shear strength of concrete, depends upon


A. shear strength
B. tensile strength
C.compressive strength
D.none of these.

270. Workability of concrete mix with low water cement ratio is determined by
- slump test

271. While designing an air entrained concrete


A. water cement ratio is reduced
B. proportion of aggregates is reduced
C.an allowance for the entrained air is made
D.strength of the concrete, is reduced
E. all the above

272. Concrete gains strength due to


- hydration of cement

273. Expansion joints are provided if the length of concrete structures exceeds
- 45m

274. Workability improved by adding


A. fly ash
B. hydrated lime
C.calcium chloride
D.bentonite
E. all the above

275. If the slump of a concrete mix is 60 mm, its workability is


- medium

276. Pick up the correct statement from the following:


A. Construction joints in columns are provided a few cm below the junction of beam
B. Construction joints in columns are provided at the bottom hunching
C.Construction joints in beams and slabs are provided within middle third
D.Construction joints are generally provided in positions subjected to least shear force

41 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

E. All the above

277. The shortest distance between two places measured along the surface of the
earth, is
- length of the arc of the great circle passing through them
278. In the cantilever truss as shown in below figure, the horizontal component of
the reaction at A, is

A. 30 tones
B. 60 tones
C.90 tones
D.120 tones
E. 150 tones

279. For a simply supported beam with a central load, the bending moment is
A. least at the center
B. least at the supports
C.maximum at the supports
D.maximum at the center

280. A simply supported beam carrying a uniformly distributed load over its whole
span is propped at the center of the span so that the beam is held to the level of the
end supports. The reaction of the prop will be
A. half the distributed load
B. 3/8th the distributed load
C.5/8th the distributed load
D.Distributed load.
E. none of these.

281. The range within which a load can be applied on a rectangular column, to avoid
any tensile stress, is
A. one-half of the base

42 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

B. one-fifth of the base


C.one-fourth of the base
D.one-fifth of the base
E. one sixth of the base on either side of centroid

282. The shear stress at any section of a shaft is maximum


A. at the center of the section
B. at a distance r/2 from the center
C.at the top of the surface
D.at a distance 3/4 r from the center
E. none of these

283. The region of the cross-section of a column in which compressive load may be applied without
producing any tensile stress, is known as the core of the cross-section. In circular columns the radius
of the core, is
- one-quarter of the radius

284. The maximum bending moment due to a moving load on a simply supported
beam, occurs
- under the load

285. A simply supported beam of span L carries a uniformly distributed load W. The
maximum bending moment M is

286. A cantilever beam rectangular in cross-section is subjected to an isolated load


at its free end. If the width of the beam is doubled, the deflection of the free end will
be changed in the ratio of
A.8 B. 1/8
C.1/2 D.2
E. 3

287. When equal and opposite forces applied to a body, tend to elongate it, the
stress so produced, is called
- Compressive stress

43 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

- Tensile stress

288. Stress in a beam due to simple bending, is


- directly proportional

289. The bending moment is maximum on a section where shearing force


- changes sign

290. A district road with a bituminous pavement has a horizontal curve of 1000 m
for a design speed of 75 km ph. The super-elevation is
A. 1 in 40
B. 1 in 50
C.1 in 60
D.1 in 70
E. none of these.

291. The total length of a valley formed by two gradients - 3% and + 2% curve between the two
tangent points to provide a rate of change of centrifugal acceleration 0.6 m/sec2, for a design speed
100 km ph, is
A. 16.0 m

292. The advantage of providing super elevation on roads, is


A. higher speed of vehicles
B. increased volume of traffic
C.reduced maintenance cost of the roads
D.draining off rain water quickly
E. all the above

293. For a vehicle moving with a speed of 80 km per hour, the brake reaction time, in ordinary cases,
is
2.5sec

294. Reynolds coefficient number is used for


- Fluid mechanics close conduit

44 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

295. Relaxation of cable?


Deflection

296. Plasticity index


WC – Water content

297. Pert analysis


Go to PMP

298. According to QCS, what is the initial and final set time for concrete
- Initial 2h
- Final 10h

299. The cost variance factor in the project is indicated for:


a. the budget

300. What from the following is not considering a project?


a. Submit a tender document for contractor

301. The Maximal Dry Density (MDD) shall be at:


a. Optimal WC (water content)

302. What is the meaning of the PERT Analysis?


- to provide graphical representation of a project time line

303. The standard deviation is factor for


- Pessimistic estimated value
- Optimistic estimated value

304. What is the max allowable tense stress in the wooden buildings?
40 MPa

305. The steel reinforcement in the concrete is very important for:


- max bending moment
- max tension stress

45 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

306. If there in a building with shallow foundation and the soil very expensive, and
as per soil report we must the replace this soil with other we can:
- use same soil with good compaction up to more than 95% from MDD
- excavate this soil and use the same soil for backfilling after 95% MDD

307. What is the type of cement we can use it in sub-structure reinforcement


concrete?
OPC

308. What is the min thickness in blinding concrete in sub-structure concrete?


75mm

309. The strength material is defined as:


Ability of material to resist deformation

310. Stress means:


- Internal forces developed in material due to external forces
- Deformation in material caused of external forces

311. The summation of internal angels of 6 side polygon is:


5400

312. ASHGAL responsible for:


Public housing -?

313. Compaction in backfilling in used for:


Reducing air content in backfilled material

314. One of the following is not a gypsum board characteristic


a. Low cost in construction

315. Super elevation is used at:


- horizontal curves – to avoid centrifugal force at high speeds

316. The un-drained shear strength for clay is equal to:


One and a half the unconfined compressive strength of clay

46 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

317. Project Scope Management:


a. Define scope and control scope

318. lntersections WBS & OBS


a. Project overlap
b. Cost Account

319. Ultrasound test used to determine - ultrasonic


a. Cracks
b. Position of cracks
c. Length of cracks
d. All of above

320. What is the most sensitive period in the project?


Initial period

321. What is least influential in projects?


a. Time
b. Materials
c. Manpower

322. NFPA standard


National Fire Protection Association
The leading information and knowledge recourse of fire, electrical and related hazards
Testing of Fire alarm sound according to NFPA standard – Answer: Monthly

323. Condensate water generated from which part of split unit


- Evaporator

324. What Is the system used to extract the air from the basement
- Ventilation system

325. What is the name of the upward force which Is equal the downward force and
keep the object floating
- Buoyancy (uzgon) force

47 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

326. At which part of project the following take place: design change, scheduling and planning
- Planning & Execution part

327. Bolt size: M 33x3 means


- 33 related to bolt diameter and 3 related to pitch distance

328. Water start boiling at


- Saturated liquid

329. A material that makes deformation under sheer stress is:


a. Liquid
b. Gas
c. Solid
d. Fluid

330. If you Increase the water cement ration in the concrete:


a. Concrete will lose its specifications
b. Decrease the hardening time of concrete
c. Decrease the slump
d. Increase the slump

331. If you were awarded a project, you will start work:


a. One week before the approval of the authorities
b. After the approval of the authorities
c. One day before the approval of the authorities

332. A moving tire on the ground will produce:


a. Potential energy
b. Kinetic energy in translation
c. Kinetic energy in rotation
d. Kinetic energy in translation and rotation

333. One of the following is not process of the project:


a. Concept

48 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

334. If you are going to start with oil pipeline construction which is the following
engineer you are going to choose:
a. Petroleum
b. Chemical
c. Civil
d. Mechanical

335. Car dashboard is made by


Fiberglass

336. If you have body moving around circle with speed, the direction of centripetal
force from the center is
away or toward

337. The propensity of a material to undergo permanent deformation under load:


a. ductility
b. shear stress
c. plasticity

338. What is the least bothered constraint on project execution:


a. Performance

339. Isolated system is a system that:


a. Neither mass or the energy will enter or leaves the system

340. 0ne of the below listed bonds is not considered as a strong bond:
a. Van-der Waals bonds
b. Metallic bond
c. Ionic bond

341. Classification of gravel from Largest to Smallest by


a. Flakiness Index

342. Sample Collected from SPT will be used to calculate


a. Liquid limit
b. Sieve analysis

49 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

c. Hydrometer Test
d. All the above

343. Product of engineering materials test for Reliability and Suitability will be
done by:
a. Testing Engineer

344. Concrete Strength is inversely proportion to Water Cement Ratio


345. Test Conducted in Sand and Gravel type soils:
a. Shear BOX test

346. ………………..rule of Elasticity is……………


a. Young's
Young's modulus, which is also known as the elastic modulus, is a mechanical property of linear
elastic solid materials. It defines the relationship between stress (force per unit area) and strain
(proportional deformation) in a material.

347. Problem a lattice?


In mathematics, a lattice is one of the fundamental algebraic structures.

348. Maximum possible value of Compacting Factor for fresh (green) concrete
is:
a. 1.5

50 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

349. The pin-jointed 2-D truss is loaded with a horizontal force of 15 KN at joint S
and another 15 KN vertical force at joint U, as shown. Find the force in member RS
(in KN) and report your answer taking tension as positive and compression as
negative.

RS =7.5 KN Tension

350. In its natural condition, a soil sample has a mass of 1.980 kg and a volume
of 0.001m 3. After being completely dried in an oven, the mass of the sample is
1.800 kg. Specific gravity Gis 2.7. Unit weight of water is 10 KN/m3. The degree
of saturation of the soil is:
a. 0.65

351. Four columns of a building arc to be located within a plot size of 10m x 10m.
The expected load on each column is 4000 KN. Allowable bearing capacity of the
soil deposit is 100 kN/m2• The type of foundation best suited is
a. isolated footing
b. raft foundation

51 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

c. pile
d. combined footing

352. Concrete gains strength due to:


Hydration of cement

353. Before starting work at site, the major factor has to be checked is?
- Approval from MMUP (Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning) / Civil / Defense etc.

354. Final as built drawings for what purpose


- To keep record for later maintenance

Q: What are joints in concrete? Why are they necessary?


A: Joints are pre-planned cracks to accommodate the expansion and shrinkage of concrete, caused by
changes in moisture and temperature. Although irregular cracks are unsightly and difficult to maintain,
they generally do not affect the integrity of the concrete. Cracks in concrete can be controlled and
minimized by properly designed joints. There are three types of common joints:
1. Contraction joints
2. Isolation or expansion joints
3. Construction joints

Q: Why does concrete crack?


A: Concrete, like all other materials, will slightly change in volume when it dries out.

Q: How does temperature affect concrete?


A: Three factors control the set time, strength gain and overall durability of concrete: time,
temperature and moisture. These factors are interdependent on each other. The ideal temperature
for concrete is 10oC. If the temperature is too high, the concrete can dry out prematurely and not
reach its desired strength. It can also crack from rapid shrinkage.
If the temperature is to low, the concrete set time and strength gain can be reduced and the concrete
can be subjected to freezing while water is present and have severe freeze/thaw damage.

Q: Why is curing necessary for concrete?


A: Concrete develops strength ONLY in the presence of moisture, therefore it is absolutely important
that it is kept moist after casting. If concrete is allowed to dry out, it will not develop to the strength it
was designed for.

Q: What are the causes of Honeycombing?


A: Honeycombing is caused by a number of different reasons:
1. Insufficient compacting or vibrating
2. Segregation of the concrete when it is allowed to free-fall from heights over three feet

52 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

3. When the steel reinforcement is too close to the formwork (boxing)


4. When the formwork is not nailed tight and the grout from the concrete leaks out
5. When too stiff a concrete is used without the proper vibrating equipment

Q: What is segregation?
A: Segregation is the separation of coarse aggregate from cement paste. It mainly occurs due to
excess water, resulting in the non-cohesiveness of concrete.

Q: What is workability of concrete?


A: The ease of placing, compacting and finishing of concrete in the desired manner is its workability.
Normally the workability is measured through slump; higher the slump, higher the workability

Sand stone is sedimentary rock

Stainless steel contains 18% of chromium and 8% nickel

Bitumen in
A. solid state, is called asphalt
B. semi fluid state, is called mineral tar
C.fluid state, is called petroleum
D.all the above.

For the manufacture of Portland cement, the proportions of raw materials used, are
- lime 63% ; silica 22% ; other ingredients 15%

Initial setting time of cement for asbestos cement products should be not less than
- 90 minutes

A badly mixed cement concrete results in


- honey combing

The mixture of different ingredients(sastojci) of cement, is burnt at


- 1400°C

Permissible compressive strength of M 300 concrete grade is


- 300 kg/cm2

The process of hardening the concrete by keeping its surface moist is known
- Curing

Separation of water or water sand cement from a freshly concrete, is known


- Bleeding

53 Edition 2
UPDA Exam Questions for Civil Engineers 2016

Plywood is preferred as construction material because


- The strength of the panel is consistent across all directions

Cement stored for longer than 28 days shall be tested for “loss of ignition”

54 Edition 2