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Live animal transport 2

1. TRANSPORT-LECTURE-05-12-12

1.1 Livestock

transport 2 1. TRANSPORT-LECTURE-05-12-12 1.1 Livestock 1.2 The Production cycle Published by Articulate® Storyline

1.2 The Production cycle

TRANSPORT-LECTURE-05-12-12 1.1 Livestock 1.2 The Production cycle Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.3

Introduction

1.3 Introduction 1.4 Research update Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.4 Research update

1.3 Introduction 1.4 Research update Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.5

Research approaches

1.5 Research approaches Notes: I think this is what we discussed when I visited you last

Notes:

I think this is what we discussed when I visited you last

1.6 World animal production

we discussed when I visited you last 1.6 World animal production Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.7 Examples of what we can do

1.7 Examples of what we can do 1.8 There are many forms and types of animal

1.8 There are many forms and types of animal transport

we can do 1.8 There are many forms and types of animal transport Published by Articulate®

1.9 Animal transportation

1.9 Animal transportation 1.10 Animal Transport Studies Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.10 Animal Transport Studies

1.9 Animal transportation 1.10 Animal Transport Studies Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.11

Range of animal body temperatures

1.11 Range of animal body temperatures 1.12 Poultry (meat) production - 2009 Published by Articulate® Storyline

1.12 Poultry (meat) production - 2009

of animal body temperatures 1.12 Poultry (meat) production - 2009 Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.13 Broiler transport

1.13 Broiler transport US truck (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

US truck (Slide Layer)

1.13 Broiler transport US truck (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

UK Truck (Slide Layer)

UK Truck (Slide Layer) Canadian truck (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

Canadian truck (Slide Layer)

UK Truck (Slide Layer) Canadian truck (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.14

The bird modules

1.14 The bird modules 1.15 However Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.15 However

1.14 The bird modules 1.15 However Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.16

Untitled Slide

1.16 Untitled Slide 1.17 Case study: Trucks used Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.17 Case study: Trucks used

1.16 Untitled Slide 1.17 Case study: Trucks used Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.18

Module Identification System

1.18 Module Identification System 1.19 These temperature loggers were placed in each module Published by Articulate®

1.19 These temperature loggers were placed in each module

System 1.19 These temperature loggers were placed in each module Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.20

Like this

1.20 Like this 1.21 Summer Distribution of DOA Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.21 Summer Distribution of DOA

1.20 Like this 1.21 Summer Distribution of DOA Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.22 Heat Stress High Risk Zones

1.22 Heat Stress High Risk Zones 1.23 So what about the movement of air? Published by

1.23 So what about the movement of air?

Stress High Risk Zones 1.23 So what about the movement of air? Published by Articulate® Storyline

1.24 We used small scale models to find out

1.24 We used small scale models to find out 1.25 And then looked on real vehicles

1.25 And then looked on real vehicles

scale models to find out 1.25 And then looked on real vehicles Published by Articulate® Storyline

1.26 Here is the difference in pressure

1.26 Here is the difference in pressure 1.27 Untitled Slide Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.27 Untitled Slide

1.26 Here is the difference in pressure 1.27 Untitled Slide Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.28 Canadian Truck in -37ºC

1.28 Canadian Truck in -37ºC Canadian truck (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

Canadian truck (Slide Layer)

1.28 Canadian Truck in -37ºC Canadian truck (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

steam coming off truck (Slide Layer)

steam coming off truck (Slide Layer) 1.29 We can see the proof of this here Published

1.29 We can see the proof of this here

off truck (Slide Layer) 1.29 We can see the proof of this here Published by Articulate®

-60 minutes (Slide Layer)

-60 minutes (Slide Layer) 1.30 Developed a vehicle to cope with heat and cold -massively reduced

1.30 Developed a vehicle to cope with heat and cold -massively reduced mortality

a vehicle to cope with heat and cold -massively reduced mortality Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.31 Transport of livestock in

1.31 Transport of livestock in 1.32 Pigs transported from within Spain Published by Articulate® Storyline

1.32 Pigs transported from within Spain

Transport of livestock in 1.32 Pigs transported from within Spain Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.33

Changes in deep body

1.33 Changes in deep body 1.34 Summary Notes: Here is the summary of that study. The

1.34 Summary

1.33 Changes in deep body 1.34 Summary Notes: Here is the summary of that study. The

Notes:

Here is the summary of that study. The explanation for the lack of measurable heat stress and a cooling down is the fact that the pigs were acclimatised to Spanish conditions. This important phenomenon is never considered when we make regulations to cover a range of geographical and climatic regions!!!!!! Point 3 above should be

emphasised

1.35 What about un-adapted animals - Effects of the thermal micro-

environment on breeder pigs on 72 hour export journeys under summer conditions

pigs on 72 hour export journeys under summer conditions 1.36 Experimental journeys Published by Articulate®

1.36 Experimental journeys

journeys under summer conditions 1.36 Experimental journeys Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

Notes:

The journeys went from UK (Edinburgh) to southern Spain (Malaga) well actually Humilladero!! By the routes shown here

1.37 Vehicle employed inn ALL studies

the routes shown here 1.37 Vehicle employed inn ALL studies 1.38 On arrival Published by Articulate®

1.38 On arrival

shown here 1.37 Vehicle employed inn ALL studies 1.38 On arrival Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

Notes:

Whilst unloading and on tailgate several measures including surface and deep body temperature were made. Immediately the pigs were moved to the lairage where more measurements were undertaken including a detailed behavioural study of 20 pigs in 2 pens for a period of 3 hours.

1.39 Untitled Slide

pigs in 2 pens for a period of 3 hours. 1.39 Untitled Slide Notes: These are

Notes:

These are the thermal conditions on the hottest journey of the 7 studied. Note that the temperature was highest during transport in France and then later in the final stages (about the last 22 hours) during the journey through central and southern Spain

1.40 Untitled Slide

1.40 Untitled Slide Notes: So what happened to the pigs during this time. Well here are

Notes:

So what happened to the pigs during this time. Well here are the deep body temperatures for groups of pigs on the trucks on each of the 7 journeys. These are the values during the last 22 hours i.e. the hottest parts of the journeys and consisting of the segment between the control post lairage in Fougeres in France to the slaughterhouse in Humilladero in Andalucia. Whilst there is some evidence of slight increases in body temperature the actual change is relatively very small i.e. less than 1 degree C

1.41 Mean body temperature last 22 hours

1.41 Mean body temperature – last 22 hours Notes: This table summarises these findings. There is

Notes:

This table summarises these findings. There is no real difference in mean or maximum body temperatures observed in the pigs across the whole 7 journeys regardless of how hot the ambient conditions were

1.42 Unloading and loading most stressful (in terms of temperature change)

and loading most stressful (in terms of temperature change) 1.43 Behaviour Notes: So if there is

1.43 Behaviour

stressful (in terms of temperature change) 1.43 Behaviour Notes: So if there is no evidence of

Notes:

So if there is no evidence of changes in body temperature then how did the pigs adapt to the hotter conditions on some journeys - well they may have panted more and lost

more water - if they did they may drink more after the journey. Also if they were heat stressed in transit but managed to control their body temperatures by adaptive means then they may be more fatigued or tired if they worked harder. If this is the case they may rest more after the journeys. This slide shows that they drank a lot more after journeys 3 and 4 where it was hotter than on the other trips. The pigs also rested more on journeys 4 and 3 than on the other trips

1.44 SUMMARY and CONCLUSIONS

4 and 3 than on the other trips 1.44 SUMMARY and CONCLUSIONS Notes: This is really

Notes:

This is really the take home message for all concerned

1.45 Transport is stressful

1.45 Transport is stressful 1.46 Educate the humans involved Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.46 Educate the humans involved

1.45 Transport is stressful 1.46 Educate the humans involved Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

1.47 Untitled Slide

1.47 Untitled Slide 2. Untitled Scene 2.1 Finished slide Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

2. Untitled Scene

2.1 Finished slide

1.47 Untitled Slide 2. Untitled Scene 2.1 Finished slide Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

2.2

About this Learning Object

2.2 About this Learning Object 3. How To Use This Session 3.1 Instructions Published by Articulate®

3. How To Use This Session

3.1 Instructions

this Learning Object 3. How To Use This Session 3.1 Instructions Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

3.2 Instructions

3.2 Instructions Button (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

Button (Slide Layer)

3.2 Instructions Button (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com

3.3 Instructions

3.3 Instructions Notes: Rollover: This will usually be a definition of an unusual word. Rollover Text

Notes:

Rollover: This will usually be a definition of an unusual word.

Rollover Text (Slide Layer)

be a definition of an unusual word. Rollover Text (Slide Layer) Published by Articulate® Storyline www.articulate.com